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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904956

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2400-2404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904906

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression level of serum miR-486-5p in patients with pancreatic cancer and the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Methods A total of 60 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in Qingdao Municipal Hospital from September 2018 to December 2020 were enrolled, among whom 32 patients had resectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (operable group) and 28 had unresectable pancreatic cancer (non-operable group), and a benign pancreatic disease group with 30 patients and a healthy control group with 44 individuals were also established. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the serum level of miR-486-5p in each group, and the relative expression level of miR-486-5p was calculated to analyze its association with the clinical features of pancreatic cancer, including age, sex, tumor location, tumor size, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, and distant metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous variables between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the combined predictive value and then investigate the value of serum miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer. Results The relative expression level of serum miR-486-5p in the operable group [2.16 (1.38~3.30)] and the non-operable group [4.65 (2.80~9.90)] was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic disease group [1.01 (0.52~1.53)] and the healthy control group [0.99 (0.24~1.01)] (all P < 0.001). There were significant differences in the number of patients with low or high expression of miR-486-5p between the patients with different TNM stages, presence or absence of lymphatic metastasis, and presence or absence of distant metastasis ( χ 2 =13.765, 5.157, and 6.638, all P < 0.05). Compared with CA19-9 alone, miR-486-5p+CA19-9 had a significantly better value in distinguishing the operable group from the benign pancreatic disease group (area under the ROC curve [AUC]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.760-0.942; with a sensitivity of 81.3% and a specificity of 83.3%), distinguishing the operable group from the healthy control group (AUC=0.92, 95% CI : 0.836-0.970; with a sensitivity of 90.6% and a specificity of 86.4%), and distinguishing the operable group from the non-operable group (AUC=0.94, 95% CI : 0.884-0.998; with a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 93.7%) ( Z =2.841, 2.510, and 2.387, all P < 0.05), and the optimal cut-off values were 3.12, 3.21, and 6.63, respectively. Conclusion MiR-486-5p can be used as a serum biomarker for the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and miR-486-5p combined with CA19-9 has a better clinical value than CA19-9 alone in predicting the resectability of pancreatic cancer in the patients with benign pancreatic diseases and the healthy population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of serum miR-224-5p in PDAC and its significance for early clinical diagnosis.Methods:From August 2018 to April 2020, 40 patients with PDAC (11 patients with early PDAC, 29 patients with advanced PDAC), 21 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 40 healthy volunteer controls admitted in Qingdao Municipal Hospital were enrolled. The level of serum miR-224-5p in each group was detected by qRT-PCR method, and the correlation with clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of miR-224-5p, CA19-9 and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 were drawn, and the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis were calculated.Results:The serum miR-224-5p levels in early PDAC group, middle and late PDAC group, chronic pancreatitis group and healthy control group were 3.21(2.01, 4.60), 4.70(3.50, 8.26), 1.72(1.02, 2.78) and 1.38(0.89, 2.11), respectively; and the level of serum miR-224-5p in the middle and late PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the early PDAC group, and that in the early PDAC group was significantly higher than that in the chronic pancreatitis group and the healthy control group, and all the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The sensitivity of serum miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9, miR-224-5p, and CA19-9 in the diagnosis of overall PDAC was 95.0%, 85.0% and 67.5%, respectively; and the specificity was 70.0%, 82.5% and 87.5%, respectively. The sensitivity for early PDAC was 90.9%, 72.7% and 63.6%, and the specificity was 85.0%, 72.5% and 87.5%, respectively. MiR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 has the highest specificity in the diagnosis of PDAC. The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis (all P values <0.05). Conclusions:The expression of serum miR-224-5p was significantly up-regulated in patients with early PDAC, and The level of serum miR-224-5p in patients with PDAC was correlated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. The sensitity of serum miR-224-5p and miR-224-5p combined with CA19-9 for early PDAC diagnosis were superior to CA19-9 alone, which can be used as a potential sensitive biological marker for early screening of PDAC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711531

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predisposing locations of active hemorrhage in patients with esophageal variceal bleeding. Methods Data of 823 patients with acute esophageal and gastric variceal hemorrhage receiving emergency gastroscopy diagnosed from January 2003 to December 2013 were retrospectively studied. The location and site of active hemorrhage or stigmata were analyzed and its relationship with active hemorrhage was discussed. Results A total of 372(45. 2%,372/823) patients with active bleeding and stigmata were found under emergency endoscopy. Among 372 patients, 190 got accurate hemorrhage and stigmata location and site description. Bleeding or stigmata in 58(30. 5%) patients was 28-32 cm from incisor in group A, and that in 132 (69. 5%) patients was more than 35 cm in group B ( χ2=57. 642, P<0. 000 1). In 190 cases, the proportion of bleeding or stigmata at 3:00 point was the highest (37%,70/132), followed by those at 12:00 point(30%,58/132),6:00 point(24%,45/132),and 9:00 point (9%,17/132). The change trend of the percentage of each point in group A and group B was the same as that in all cases. The percentage of almost all points in group B was significantly higher than that in group A except that at 9:00 point ( P<0. 000 1).Conclusion Esophageal variceal bleeding in cirrhosis is more common at 3:00 point, 6:00 point and 12:00 point of esophagus, and the high risk area is 35 cm below the incisors.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662573

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of balloon closure combined with endoscopic therapy on spontaneous gastrorenal shunt ( SGRS ) and spontaneous splenorenal shunt ( SSRS ) . Methods The data of 33 patients of gastric varices with SGRS or SSRS diagnosed in the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2009 and February 2016 were collected. All patients were treated with the balloon retrograde distributary channel blocking technique and endoscopic histoacryl injection. Patients' clinical data, complications and effect of endoscopic therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Results In the 33 patients of gastric varices, gastrorenal shunt was found in 28 ( 84. 8%) cases and splenorenal shunt was found in 5 ( 15. 2%) cases. After the balloon blocking technique, 24 cases ( 72. 7%) were occluded successfully. Four cases failed in occlusion of SSRS due to tortuosity. There were no postoperative ectopic embolism, infection, hepatic encephalopathy, liver function deterioration, and other complication. Early latex varices were found in 21 cases after three months follow-up. Conclusion The balloon blocking technique combined with tissue adhesive injection could safely and effectively avoid the risk of ectopic embolism and plays an important role in the treatment of gastric varices in merger portasystemic shunt.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660335

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of balloon closure combined with endoscopic therapy on spontaneous gastrorenal shunt ( SGRS ) and spontaneous splenorenal shunt ( SSRS ) . Methods The data of 33 patients of gastric varices with SGRS or SSRS diagnosed in the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 2009 and February 2016 were collected. All patients were treated with the balloon retrograde distributary channel blocking technique and endoscopic histoacryl injection. Patients' clinical data, complications and effect of endoscopic therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Results In the 33 patients of gastric varices, gastrorenal shunt was found in 28 ( 84. 8%) cases and splenorenal shunt was found in 5 ( 15. 2%) cases. After the balloon blocking technique, 24 cases ( 72. 7%) were occluded successfully. Four cases failed in occlusion of SSRS due to tortuosity. There were no postoperative ectopic embolism, infection, hepatic encephalopathy, liver function deterioration, and other complication. Early latex varices were found in 21 cases after three months follow-up. Conclusion The balloon blocking technique combined with tissue adhesive injection could safely and effectively avoid the risk of ectopic embolism and plays an important role in the treatment of gastric varices in merger portasystemic shunt.

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