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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 774-781, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013819

ABSTRACT

Aim To express and purify rhα-Gal A with a 6 X His tag via using a serum-free expression system in high-density suspension culture of Chinese hamster ovary cells ( CHO-S) , and to verify the scavenging effect of rhα-Gal A on globular trisaccharide ceramide (Gb3 or GL3) . Methods The construction of recombinant protein expression vector, pcDNA4-GLA, was achieved by fusing the human α-galactosidase cDNA, gla, with 6 X His tag and artificial DNA synthesis. The expression plasmid was transfected into the suspended CHO-S to express rhα-Gal A and then purified. Following this procedure, we determined rhα-Gal A's expression, the enzymatic activity, and the glycosylation of the recombinant enzyme. Co-incubation with cultured cells was performed to examine whether rhα-Gal A could be taken up into the cells and effectively remove Gb3 substrates. Results rhα-Gal A was successfully expressed and purified after transiently transfecting pcDNA4-GLA into the suspended CHO-S, and the yield was up to (100 ±20. 6) mg • L

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940297

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of different treatment methods of "soothing liver, invigorating spleen, soothing liver and invigorating spleen, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, as well as invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen" on liver depression combined with liver injury in rats and their action mechanisms. MethodA six-week rat model of liver depression combined with liver injury was established by restraint stress and subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4, 5.89 g·kg-1, once every three days). At the same time, the drugs were given by gavage. Forty-eight male SD rats of clean grade were randomly divided into eight groups, namely the normal group, model group, bicyclol (0.2 g·kg-1) group, Sinisan (4.32 g·kg-1) group, Liu Junzitang (9.26 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang A (Chai A, soothing liver and invigorating spleen,13.57 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang B (Chai B, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, and Chaishao Liu Junzitang C (Chai C, invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, with six rats in each group. The pathological changes in liver and colon tissues of each group were observed under light microscope and electron microscope. The serum biochemical indexes of the liver were detected using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The relative mRNA expression levels of Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) and intestinal mucosal zona occluden-1 (ZO-1), Occludin, and Claudin-1 in the liver and colon were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The positive expression rate of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the colon was detected by immunohistochemistry. ResultCompared with normal group, the model group exhibited significantly elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) (P<0.01), lowered TGR5 mRNA expression in liver tissue, up-regulated TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon tissue (P<0.05,P<0.01), and down-regulated ZO-1, Occludin, and tight junction protein-1 (Claudin-1) mRNA expression and PCNA in the colon tissue (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, bicyclol and Chai C remarkably decreased the levels of serum ALP, ALT, AST, TBIL, and DBIL (P<0.05,P<0.01), while Liu Junzitang, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C significantly up-regulated the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and down-regulated its expression in the colon (P<0.01). Bicyclol, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C enhanced the ZO-1 and Claudin-1 mRNA expression in the colon (P<0.05,P<0.01). Bicyclol, Sinisan, and Chai C increased PCNA expression (P<0.01). The comparison with the Chai C group showed that the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and ZO-1 mRNA expression in the colon of the bicyclol and Sinisan groups were lower, whereas the TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon was higher (P<0.01). However, the PCNA expression in the colon of the Liu Junzitang and Chai B groups declined significantly (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the presence of liver injury, invigorating spleen first helps to relieve the liver injury, and the efficacy of "spleen-invigorating" therapy in increasing the intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins and improving the gastrointestinal function is related to its activation of TGR5 to improve the intestinal mucosal barrier function, promote the renewal of intestinal stem cells, and drive the regeneration after injury.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 957-962, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical correlation of expression level changes of miR-181b and miR-194 to the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and determine plasma miR-181b and miR-194 as the potential biomarkers for aGVHD.@*METHODS@#The plasma samples were collected from 31 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) at before HSCT, 15 days after HSCT and onset of aGVHD. The expression levels of miR-181b and miR-194 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA biomarkers for the diagnosis of aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#MiR-181b and miR-194 downregulated after treatment were significantly upregulated in the plasma at onset of aGVHD (P0.05). The expressions of plasma miR-181b and miR-194 collected on day 15 after HSCT were significantly upregulated in the patients with aGVHD in comparison with non-GVHD patients (P<0.05). Moreover, these elevated miRNAs were detected before aGVHD. The AUC of miR-181b predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.05 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.69). The AUC of miR-194 predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.06 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.77).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-181b and miR-194 may serve as early biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , MicroRNAs , Transplantation, Homologous
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1859-1866, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the treatment of acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5) and the related factors that affecting the prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 71 patients with AML-M5 treated with allo-HSCT in Zhujiang Hospital Affiliated to Southern Medical University from April 2009 to October 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), cumulative overall survival (OS) rate, cumulative progression-free survival (PFS) rate, transplantation-related mortality (TRM), relapse rate and the risk factors affecting prognosis in the patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#66 patients obtained hematopoietic reconstruction after transplantation, the median time of granulocyte implantation was 12 (9-26) d, and the median time of megakaryocytic implantation was 13 (8-72) d. The incidence of acute GVHD and chronic GVHD was 33.8% (24/71) and 36.6% (26/71), respectively. The median follow-up time was 13.81 (0.16 to 112.54) months; the median OS and PFS was 31.27 and 26.07 months, respectively. The cumulative OS of the patients in 1 and 3 years after transplantation was 64.9% and 48.6%, respectively, and the cumulative PFS of the patients in 1 and 3 years was 55.0% and 39.5%, respectively. The cumulative relapse rate of the patients in 1 and 3 years was 24% and 40%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-transplantation relapse was the independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.32, 95%CI:1.17-4.62, P=0.02) and PFS (HR=3.08, 95%CI:1.61-5.90, P=0.001) of the patients; invasive fungal disease after transplantation was the independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.71, 95% CI:1.32-5.56, P=0.007) and PFS (HR=2.87, 95%CI=1.40-5.86, P=0.004) of the patients; FLT3 mutation was the independent risk factor affecting PFS (HR=2.13, 95%CI=1.07-4.24, P=0.03) of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#AML-M5 is the intermediate or high-risk leukemia, and allo-HSCT can improve the survival prognosis of the patients. Pre-transplantation relapse and invasive fungal disease after transplantation are the important factors affecting the efficacy of allo-HSCT in patients with AML-M5.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1746-1750, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803292

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the present situation of spiritual health and empathy of undergraduate nursing students, and explore the correlation between them.@*Methods@#Convenient sampling was used and 498 senior nursing students were recruited from 2 universities in Shandong Province. They were investigated using the general questionnaire, the Spiritual Health Scale Short Form and Chinese version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index.@*Results@#The total score of spiritual health was (92.87±12.28), the 5 dimensions of the item score from high to low were connection to others (4.46±0.62), meaning derived from living (4.15±0.69), self-understanding (4.03±0.72), transcendence (3.95±0.74) and religious attachment (2.60±1.08). The total score of Interpersonal Reactivity Index was (57.50±8.35), the 5 dimensions of the item score from high to low were perspective taking (2.78±0.61), empathy concern (2.72±0.56), fantasy (2.61±0.57), personal distress (2.32±0.78). Nursing students’ spiritual health score and empathy was positively correlated (r=0.334, P<0.01). Regression analysis, single-child (B=0.202, P<0.05), exercise habit (B=0.363, P<0.01), religious belief (B=0.381, P<0.01), academic performance (B=0.205, P<0.05), nursing career in the future (B=0.285, P<0.01) were the influencing factors of nursing students′ spiritual health.@*Conclusions@#Spiritual health is closely related to empathy; the higher the level of spiritual health, the higher the empathy ability. It suggests that nursing educators can improve nursing students′ empathy by improving the spiritual health of nursing students.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 903-906, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789175

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is one of the common chronic complications of diabetes,and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages for its treatment.This paper reviews the progress of the mechanism of TCM for peripheral neuropathy of diabetes in the past five years,The studies shows that TCM may work from five aspects including oxidative stress,inflammatory response,microvascular dysfunction,neurotrophic disorder and lipid metabolic abnormality.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1746-1750, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752722

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the present situation of spiritual health and empathy of undergraduate nursing students, and explore the correlation between them. Methods Convenient sampling was used and 498 senior nursing students were recruited from 2 universities in Shandong Province. They were investigated using the general questionnaire, the Spiritual Health Scale Short Form and Chinese version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index. Results The total score of spiritual health was (92.87±12.28), the 5 dimensions of the item score from high to low were connection to others (4.46± 0.62), meaning derived from living (4.15 ± 0.69), self-understanding (4.03 ± 0.72), transcendence (3.95 ± 0.74) and religious attachment (2.60±1.08). The total score of Interpersonal Reactivity Index was (57.50± 8.35), the 5 dimensions of the item score from high to low were perspective taking (2.78±0.61), empathy concern (2.72±0.56), fantasy (2.61±0.57), personal distress (2.32±0.78). Nursing students’spiritual health score and empathy was positively correlated (r=0.334,P<0.01). Regression analysis, single-child (B=0.202, P<0.05), exercise habit (B=0.363, P<0.01), religious belief (B=0.381, P<0.01), academic performance (B=0.205, P<0.05), nursing career in the future (B=0.285, P<0.01) were the influencing factors of nursing students′ spiritual health. Conclusions Spiritual health is closely related to empathy; the higher the level of spiritual health, the higher the empathy ability. It suggests that nursing educators can improve nursing students′ empathy by improving the spiritual health of nursing students.

8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 140-145, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773308

ABSTRACT

With the exacerbation of aging population in China, the number of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing rapidly. AD is a chronic but irreversible neurodegenerative disease, which cannot be cured radically at present. In recent years, in order to intervene in the course of AD in advance, many researchers have explored how to detect AD as early as possible, which may be helpful for effective treatment of AD. Imaging genomics is a kind of diagnosis method developed in recent years, which combines the medical imaging and high-throughput genetic omics together. It studies changes in cognitive function in patients with AD by extracting effective information from high-throughput medical imaging data and genomic data, providing effective guidance for early detection and treatment of AD patients. In this paper, the association analysis of magnetic resonance image (MRI) with genetic variation are summarized, as well as the research progress on AD with this method. According to complexity, the objects in the association analysis are classified as candidate brain phenotype, candidate genetic variation, genome-wide genetic variation and whole brain voxel. Then we briefly describe the specific methods corresponding to phenotypic of the brain and genetic variation respectively. Finally, some unsolved problems such as phenotype selection and limited polymorphism of candidate genes are put forward.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2520-2524, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697386

ABSTRACT

Objective This paper reviews the research context of the fear of cancer recurrence abroad, and presents the research hotspots and frontiers in this field, which will further provide references for the research of the fear of cancer recurrence in China. Methods Web of Science database was retrieved,the time of papers published, the number of publications and periodicals were analyzed.The Map drawing was accomplished with the help of Histcite software. Results Total 5322 effective literatures were investigated,most of the papers are published by the United States, Butow P was the high yield authors. and the core journal is "PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY". High frequency key words mainly concentrated on cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, quality of life, prognosis, chemotherapy (symptom distress and management). Conclusion In the aspect of fear of cancer recurrence, Europe and America are in a leading position, compared with the international level,there is still a gap in the field of FCR in China , the depth and breadth of research needs to be extended further, We should keep path with the international FCR research hotspot, to broaden our research scope and improve the quality of related research.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1167-1173, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prospectively study the correlation BKV with the occurrence and development of late onset hemorrhagic cystitis (LOHC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of a total of 276 patients with allo-HSCT in our department between January 1998 and March 2016 were analyzed ratrospectvely. Quantitative Real-time PCR assay was used to prospectively monitor the BKV DNA load of the urine and plasma for 23 patients accepting allo-HSCT from August 2015 to March 2016.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LOHC(24.28%) occurred in 67 of 276 cases with allo-HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that age older than 6 years, different diseases, unrelated donor, pretreatment with BU, Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD significantly correlated with LOHC. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age older than 6 years (P<0.01), pretreatment with BU(P<0.05), and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P= 0.011) were the independent risk factors for LOHC. Among 23 patients after allo-HSTC, 10 of which were positive of urine BKV, and LOHC occurred in 6 cases. The positive rate of urine BKV (85.7%)in group LOHC was significantly higher than that in the group LOHC(25.0%)(χ=5.043, P<0.01). The incidence of LOHC positively correlated with the positive rate of BKV (r=0.564, P<0.01), and the severity of LOHC positively correlated with urinary BKV load (r = 0.502, P<0.01). And 5 of 6 petriatic patients with LOHC had aGVHD. All of them were subject to the strengthened antiviral treatment, and 4 of them accepted intensive immunosuppression therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Age ≥6 years old, precenditioning regieme with BU and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ are independent risk factors for LOHC after allo-HSCT, the positive rate of urine BKV load positively correlates with the severity of LOHC after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemorrhage , Incidence , Risk Factors , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 49-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607322

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen the optimal dose of Tangtong Formula in vitro. Methods RSC96 Schwann Cells were cultivate by DMEM mediums which contains different concentrations of glucose (5–125 mmol/L). The prevention effects of Tangtong Formula at different concentrations (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 5.0 mg/mL) on the proliferation of RSC96 Schwann Cells induced by high glucose were detected. After the RSC96 Schwann Cells were cultivated in 100 mmol/L and 125 mmol/L high glucose mediums for 72 h, the apoptosis of RSC96 Schwann Cells was detected by flow cytometry Annexin V/PI, and the apoptosis rate was calculate; the proliferation situation of RSC96 Schwann cells in different times was detected by CCK-8 method. Results RSC96 Schwann cells were in apoptosis after being intervened by 100 mmol/L and 125 mmol/L high glucose mediums. The apoptosis rates were respectively(7.46±0.96)% and(16.53±1.01)%, with statistical significance compared with control group (P<0.01). Different concentrations of Tangtong Formula could alleviate the inhibitory effect of high glucose on the proliferation of RSC96 Schwann cells, and the threshold concentration of Tangtong Formula in 24 h was 0.25 mg/mL. The concentrations of Tangtong Formula in 0.5 mg/mL, 1.0 mg/mL, and 1.5 mg/mL could inhibit the apoptosis of RSC96 Schwann cells induced by high glucos, compared with 125 mmol/L high glucose group, the apoptosis rate of RSC96 Schwann cells decreased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Among three different doses, when the dose of Tangtong Formula is in 1.5 mg/mL, the effects on inhibiting apoptosis are the best.

12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 556-561, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360048

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the treatment outcome of a consecutive series of 100 leukemia patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of leukemia patients received allo-HSCT were analyzed retrospectively, the therapeutic efficacy was summarized. 100 evaluable cases of leukemia included 47 cases of AML, 33 cases of ALL, 2 cases of AL (biphenotypic), 16 CML and 2 CMML. Before transplantation, 76 cases were in first complete remission, 9 cases in second or greater complete remission and 15 cases in non-remission or relapse. All the patients received peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (PBHSCT). The conditioning regimen of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched allo-HSCT group was modified BuCy, but in HLA-mismatched group Fludarabine and anti-human thymocyte globulin (ATG) was added. CsA+MTX regimen was used for prophylaxis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in HLA-identical allo-HSCT, while additional MMF was added in HLA-mismatched group. The average time of follow-up was 13 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the last follow-up, 66.0% (66/100) patients survived, 53.0% (53/100) patients survived without leukemia, 28.0% (28/100) patients relapsed and 34.0% (34/100) patients died, 44.1% patients of them died from infectious pulmonary complications. During transplantation, 65.0% of the patients were suffered from lung infection. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of all cases was 60.9% and 48.8%, respectively. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in non-remission (66.7%) than in CR (21.2%) patients (P < 0.05). The cumulative incidence of GVHD in HLA-mismatched transplantation was 60.8%, which was significantly higher than that of HLA-matched transplantation (38.8%) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Allo-HSCT can cure a significant proportion of leukemia patients, especially for those in CR status. Since the incidence of infectious pulmonary complications after allo-HSCT is still high, much more attention should be paid to it. The comprehensive prognosis of HLA-matched transplantation is better than the HLA-mis-matched transplantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Genetics , Incidence , Leukemia , Therapeutics , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Treatment Outcome , Vidarabine , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 112-116, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264939

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the feasibility of high resolution melting (HRM) in the detection of JAK2V617F mutation in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN). The 29 marrow samples randomly selected from patients with clinically diagnosed MPN from January 2008 to January 2011 were detected by HRM method. The results of HRM analysis were compared with that detected by allele specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and DNA direct sequencing. The results showed that the JAK2V617F mutations were detected in 11 (37.9%, 11/29) cases by HRM, and its comparability with the direct sequencing result was 100%. While the consistency of AS-PCR with the direct sequencing was moderate (Kappa = 0.179, P = 0.316). It is concluded that the HRM analysis may be an optimal method for clinical screening of JAK2V617F mutation due to its simplicity and promptness with a high specificity.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Bone Marrow Neoplasms , Genetics , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1215-1216, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277264

ABSTRACT

The diagnostic evidence on clinical diseases and theoretic basis of moving cupping therapy were ex- plored in the paper. By the observation of the local reaction, such as skin appearance and color, the affected location, duration of sickness and nature of disease were judged. Different moving cupping methods were selected for different disorders. It was discovered that the property of syndromes should be recognized by the palpation on skin and muscle in the moving cupping therapy so that the pathogenesis and treating principle could be carefully determined. The moving cupping therapy is the important component of body surface therapy. Skin reaction observation and syndrome differentiation is the essential guidance of the moving cupping therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Skin
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 321-323, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305046

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the biological and clinical significance of the double mutations of C1673T/C1799G in HBV C promoter (CP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 136 patients were enrolled, including 25 asymptomatic carriers (AsC), 38 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 24 patients with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB), 36 cases with liver cirrhosis (LC) and 13 cases with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV subgenotypes and mutations in CP of all samples were determined by nested-PCR and direct nucleotide sequence analysis. The C to T mutation at nucleotide 1673 and C to G at nucleotide 1799 were analyzed in different subgenotypes, and the relationships of C1673T/C1799G double mutations with HBV replication, the expression of HBeAg, and with the severity of liver disease after chronic HBV infection were studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 136 patients, 110 were subgenotype Ba, 1 was Bj, 7 were C1, and 18 were C2. C1673T/C1799G double mutations in Ba were determined in 106 (96. 4%) samples, which was significantly higher than in C1 (14.3%) and C2 (12.5%) subgenotype (P < 0.0001). In contrast to non-mutation group, HBV DNA content in mutation group had no significant difference (P > 0.05). The prevalence of the mutation was lower in HBeAg positive patients (71.4%) than in HBeAg negative patients (87.5%) (P < 0.05). The frequencies of the double mutations were not significantly different among ASC, CHB, CSHB, LC and HCC groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In Ba subgenotype, double mutations of C1673T/C1799G is much popular than in C1 and C2; the mutation has no effect on HBV replication, and may not be associated with the outcome of chronic HBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Genotype , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Virology , Mutation , Promoter Regions, Genetic
16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 141-143, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413554

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of haploidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (Haplo-PBSCT) for acute myeloid leukemia in first relapse after complete remission by standard induction chemotherapy. Methods Eighty-nine cases of AML in first relapse after complete remission by standard DA/Hi-Ara-C regimens induction chemotherapy were evaluated retrospectively. Fiftythree cases were grafted by haplo-PBSCT and 26 cases were treated with iDA/Mid-Ara-C or MA/ Mid- Ara-C agents. Results The second remission rate in haplo-PBSCT group and continuous chemotherapy group was 86. 7 % (46/53 cases) and 38. 1% (9/23 cases) respectively (P<0. 01). Survival postprogression (SPP) at 36th month was 43. 4 % (23/53 cases) in haplo-PBSCT group and 11.5 % (3/26 cases) in continuous chemotherapy group (P < 0. 05). Conclusion Haplo-PBSCT could significantly increase the second remission rate and prolong the survival time of patients with acute myeloid leukernia in first relapse after complete remission by standard induction chemotherapy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 95-98, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403737

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is easy to established human solid tumor nude mouse model, but for leukemia which is difficult. We inhibited immune system further by radioactive ray or CTX, to decrease cost and increase the stability.OBJECTIVE: To establish a human acute myeloblastic leukemia M2 Kasumi-1 models containing AML/ETO positive genes in BALB/c nude mouse. METHODS: Nude mice were randomly divided into three groups: CTX group was injected CTX 2 mg/day in abdominal cavity for two days, and injected 8×10~5/mouse Kasumi-1 cells in caudal vein next day; irradiation group was exposed to total body irradiation, and injected 8×10~5/mouse Kasumi-1 cells in caudal vein that day; untreated group was inoculated with 8×10~5/mouse Kasumi-1 cells by caudal vein injection. Three additional mice were considered as the normal control group. The blood smearing and bone morrow slides were detected, immunity type of BMC was detected using flow cytometry, loading of leukemic cellular tumor was detected using RT-PCR, and positive ratio of AML/ETO fusion gene was detected using FISH method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After inoculated into untreated nude mice by caudal vein injection for 14 days, the ratio of leukemia cell in blood smearing was 3.5%, and over 40% in bone marrow slides, which was equal to the results of FISH and FCM. The increasing of tumor loading was time-dependent. For irradiation group and CTX treated group, the tumor loading was higher that untreated group, and the cells also survived more than 60 days. AML/ETO band was observed by RT-PCR in all experimental groups, for normal mice it was negative. The results indicated that the systemic disseminated leukemia model was established successfully by caudal vein injection 8×10~5/mouse Kasumi-1 cells in the three experimental groups.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6073-6076, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402307

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some reports demonstrated that, autoallergic or hematopoietic stem cells transplantation combined with chemotherapy received good outcomes in treating medulloblastoma, which can prolong survival time of patients. However, whether haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells transplantation can treat medulloblastoma remains poorly understood.OBJECTIVE: To firstly report a patient receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cells transplantation for treating medulloblastoma.METHODS: A terminal cancer patient with bone matastases successively received six lymphocyte transfusions from an unrelated donor combined with chemotherapy and three haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantations.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The patient presented erythra, accompanied by fever, diarrhea and yellow brown liquid stools, which was considered as graft versus host disease, and treated by urbason, gammaglobulin, CellCept, Prograf, Basiliximab (anti-CD25 antibody), Infliximab (anti-tumor necrosis factor α antibody), effective antibacterial and supportive treatments. After that, the erythra and diarrhea were remised. But the patient died from cerebral hemorrhage. Allogeneic lymphocyte transfusion can kill or damage tumor cells, improve life quality, but the outcome is restrained for patient with a high tumor burden. Immunosuppressant, such as anti-CD25 antibody and anti-tumor necrosis factor α antibody should be timely used in consideration of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

19.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1329-1332, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268768

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism underlying the effects of matrine in enhancing the cytotoxic sensitivity of CNE2/DDP cells highly expressing ATP-binding cassette superfamily G member 2 (ABCG(2)(High)) to allogenic natural killer (Allo-NK) cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ABCG(2)(High) CNE2/DDP cells and Allo-NK cells were isolated by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS). Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the purity of the isolated cells and the expression of NKG2D ligands on the target cells before and after incubation with matrine. The cytotoxic sensitivity of the treated and non-treated ABCG(2)(High) CNE2/DDP cells to Allo-NK cells was measured by LDH releasing assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression rate of ABCG2 was (91.40-/+2.32)% in ABCG(2)(High) CNE2/DDP cells. More than 90% of the isolated NK cells were identified to be CD3(-)CD16(+)CD56(+) cells. The expression rates of MICA, MICB, ULBP1, ULBP2, and ULBP3 on the target cells incubated with matrine increased from (2.92-/+0.33)%, (4.27-/+0.33)%, (5.80-/+0.62)%, (11.10-/+3.15)%, and (7.75-/+1.14)% to (11.30-/+0.89)%, (14.29-/+2.61)%, (12.56-/+1.06)%, (43.24-/+4.43)%, and (12.77-/+1.06)%, respectively. At the E: T ratio of 10:1 and 20:1, the cytotoxic sensitivity of ABCG(2)(High) cells to Allo-NK cells increased from (15.32-/+1.34)% and (27.26-/+6.81)% in un-treated cells to (28.53-/+1.37)% and (42.72-/+2.80)% in matrine-treated cells, respectively, showing significant differences in the cytotoxic sensitivity of the target cells in both groups produced by matrine treatment (F=29.05, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Matrine can up-regulate the expressions of NKG2D ligands (MICA/B and ULBP1-3) in ABCG(2)(High) nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, which results in increased cytotoxic sensitivity of the cells to Allo-NK cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Carcinoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Flow Cytometry , GPI-Linked Proteins , Metabolism , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural , Metabolism , Ligands , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K , Metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Quinolizines , Pharmacology
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1902-1904, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) among schoolchildren in Guangdong Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using a cluster sampling method, an epidemiological survey of RHD was conducted in 16 682 primary and high school students by auscultation in Guangdong Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2005 to 2006. Review of the clinical records, RHD survey in adults, and examination of the positivity rate of group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (GAS) by throat swab cultures in the students aged between 9 and 12 years in the sampled schools were also carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No RHD patient was found in the sampled population. In Xinjiang, the prevalence of RHD was 12.9/1000 among adults, higher than that (2.2/1000) in Guangdong Province. The GAS-positive rate in the schoolchildren in Xinjiang ranged from 9.8% to 12.6%, higher than that in Guangdong (2.3%-3.9%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The GAS-positive rate among children and incidence of RHD in adults are higher in Xinjiang than in Guangdong. The prevalence of RHD among the schoolchildren shows a reduction compared with that in 1994.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , China , Epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Heart Valve Diseases , Epidemiology , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Rheumatic Heart Disease , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Streptococcal Infections , Epidemiology , Streptococcus agalactiae
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