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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the basic nutrition situation of primary and secondary school students in the urban area of Yichun City, and to provide corresponding strategies and measures for the improvement of the nutrition of children and adolescents. Methods:A stratified sampling method was used to select the urban primary and secondary school students in 10 counties (cities, districts) in Yichun City from 2019 to 2020 for physical examinations to assess their nutritional status. Results:Among 8 921 primary and middle school students surveyed, 62(0.69%) were stunted in growth, 735(8.24%) were emaciated, 1 130(12.67%) were overweight, and 662(7.42%) were obese. The weight loss rate of primary school students was the highest (10.54%, 360/3 414), followed by junior middle school students (7.07%, 214/3 026), and senior high school students (6.49%, 161/2 481). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=39.51, P<0.05). The proportion of unbalanced nutritional status of boys was 35.66% (1 578/4 425), which was higher than that of girls (22.49%, 1 011/4 496), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=187.91, P<0.01). Conclusion:Both malnutrition and overweight/obesity exist in primary and middle school students in Yichun City. We should pay special attention to boys and lower grade students, and intervene different nutritional problems.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797828

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlations relating functional MRI (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters with pre-operative neurological status and post-operative outcomes for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).@*Methods@#Eighty-seven CSM patients treated with surgical decompression and 38 healthy counterparts were enrolled as the CSM and control groups respectively. DTI and fMRI of the cervical spine were performed while the subjects performed a finger-tapping task with their right hands before the operation and 6 months later. The control group was evaluated only when they were enrolled. All of the patients were given systematic rehabilitation treatment after the surgery. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system for CSM was used to evaluate neurological status, and a JOA recovery rate <50% was defined as a poor recovery.@*Results@#Compared with the healthy controls, the pre-operative patients showed significantly higher volume of activation (VOA) in the left precentral gyrus (PrCG), but that had decreased significantly 6 months after the surgery. Before the surgery, the patients′ fractional isotropy (FA) was significantly less than that of the controls, but it had increased significantly 6 months after the operation. There was no difference in VOA in the left postcentral gyrus (PoCG) between the CSM patients and the controls before the surgery. The VOA ratio (PrCG/PoCG), VOA-PrCG, VOA-PoCG and FA were significantly correlated with both the JOA scores and recovery rates. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed for the predictive ability with respect to surgical outcomes. The largest area under the ROC curve was observed for the VOA ratio (0.805), followed by FA (0.740), and the VOA-PrCG (0.715). The fMRI and DTI showed better potential for predicting functional outcomes than with standard MRI parameters. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the VOA ratio and FA were independently associated with poor outcomes.@*Conclusions@#fMRI and DTI parameters may be more valuable than conventional MRI results for neurological assessment and prognosis with CSM patients. They can also provide references for making up rehabilitation plans.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791992

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlations relating functional MRI ( fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging ( DTI) parameters with pre-operative neurological status and post-operative outcomes for patients with cervi-cal spondylotic myelopathy ( CSM ) . Methods Eighty-seven CSM patients treated with surgical decompression and 38 healthy counterparts were enrolled as the CSM and control groups respectively. DTI and fMRI of the cervical spine were performed while the subjects performed a finger-tapping task with their right hands before the operation and 6 months later. The control group was evaluated only when they were enrolled. All of the patients were given systematic rehabilitation treatment after the surgery. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association ( JOA) scoring system for CSM was used to evaluate neurological status, and a JOA recovery rate <50% was defined as a poor recovery. Results Compared with the healthy controls, the pre-operative patients showed significantly higher volume of acti-vation ( VOA) in the left precentral gyrus ( PrCG) , but that had decreased significantly 6 months after the surgery. Before the surgery, the patients' fractional isotropy ( FA) was significantly less than that of the controls, but it had increased significantly 6 months after the operation. There was no difference in VOA in the left postcentral gyrus (PoCG) between the CSM patients and the controls before the surgery. The VOA ratio (PrCG/PoCG), VOA-PrCG, VOA-PoCG and FA were significantly correlated with both the JOA scores and recovery rates. Receiver oper-ating characteristic ( ROC) curve analyses were performed for the predictive ability with respect to surgical out-comes. The largest area under the ROC curve was observed for the VOA ratio (0.805), followed by FA (0.740), and the VOA-PrCG (0.715). The fMRI and DTI showed better potential for predicting functional outcomes than with standard MRI parameters. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that the VOA ratio and FA were independ-ently associated with poor outcomes. Conclusions fMRI and DTI parameters may be more valuable than conven-tional MRI results for neurological assessment and prognosis with CSM patients. They can also provide references for making up rehabilitation plans.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 542-550, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774801

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease involving both upper and lower motor neurons with no effective cure. Electrophysiological studies have found decremental responses during low-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) except for diffused neurogenic activities. However, the difference between ALS and generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) in terms of waveform features is unclear. In the current study, we explored the variation trend of the amplitudes curve between ALS and GMG with low-frequency, positive RNS, and the possible mechanism is discussed preliminarily.@*METHODS@#A total of 85 ALS patients and 41 GMG patients were recruited. All patients were from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between July 1, 2012 and February 28, 2015. RNS study included ulnar nerve, accessory nerve and facial nerve at 3 Hz and 5 Hz stimulation. The percentage reduction in the amplitude of the fourth or fifth wave from the first wave was calculated and compared with the normal values of our hospital. A 15% decrease in amplitude is defined as a decrease in amplitude.@*RESULTS@#The decremental response at low-frequency RNS showed the abnormal rate of RNS decline was 54.1% (46/85) in the ALS group, and the results of different nerves were 54.1% (46/85) of the accessory nerve, 8.2% (7/85) of the ulnar nerve and 0% (0/85) of the facial nerve stimulation, respectively. In the GMG group, the abnormal rate of RNS decline was 100% (41/41) at low-frequency RNS of accessory nerves. However, there was a significant difference between the 2 groups in the amplitude after the sixth wave.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both groups of patients are able to show a decreasing amplitude of low-frequency stimulation RNS, but the recovery trend after the sixth wave has significant variation. It implies the different pathogenesis of NMJ dysfunction of these 2 diseases.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Physiology , Adult , Aged , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Therapeutics , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electromyography , Female , Humans , Male , Median Nerve , Physiology , Middle Aged , Motor Neurons , Physiology , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Myasthenia Gravis , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Ulnar Nerve , Physiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275488

ABSTRACT

Plants from the genus Pyrola are widely distributed in North Temperate zone. The quinones, phenol glycosides, terpenoids, flavonoids and volatile oil compounds have been identified from these plants. The in vivo and in vitro studies have shown that the genus Pyrola plants exhibit a wide range of pharmacological properties, including antioxidant, antitumor, antibacterial, anti-ischemia and anti-inflammatory activities. Based on analysis of the literature of the genus Pyrola plant, this review summarized the research on chemical constituents, pharmacology and quality control in recent years which can provide evidences for further investigation on the genus Pyrola plants.

6.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 545-549, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792624

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic value of PET/CT technique in the atypical spinal tuberculosis. Methods A total of 60 patients who had suffered from spinal tuberculosis and spinal metastasis confirmed by surgical interventions from 2010 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. 18F-FDG PET/CT examination was made at our department. Image data of X-ray, CT, and PET/CT were compared in the diagnosis accuracy. Results A total of 52 males and 8 females, aged from 38 to 82 years (mean, 50.2 years) were collected. The statistical analysis showed PET/CT technology with sensitivity of 85%, and specificity of 95%, which were significantly higher than those of X-ray and CT (AUC=0.900, P<0.05) . 18F-FDG PET/CT can find more lesions than X-ray and CT, find "cold abscess" and "cold zone" of spinal tuberculosis, that was an exclusive value of PET/CT diagnosis for atypical spinal tuberculosis. Conclusion 18F-FDG PET/CT shows an important clinical diagnostic value for the atypical spinal tuberculosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605461

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the surgical indication,diagnosis and treatment of suspected pancreatic cystic lesions.Methods To-tally 341 patients were admitted into our hospital because of pancreatic cystic lesions from October 2010 to October 2015.Except the 278 confirmed cases,the clinical data of the rest 63 patients with vague diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed.Results The surgical indication of pancreatic cystic lesions were:the lesion diameter was more than 4 cm;the imaging diagnosis was malignant;the lesion was combined with obvious clinical symptoms which can not explain with other diseases;there were asymptomatic pancreatic cystic lesion and main pancre-atic duct dilation without surgical risk factors;the follow-up showed that the desease is in development.Endoscopic ultrasonography guided fine needle aspiration is a useful supplement for more accurate diagnosis.However,it is an uncertain diagnostic value currently.Conclusion Diameter of lesion,uncertain imaging diagnosis,severe abdominal symptoms,obstructive jaundice and abnormal serum tumor markers are the surgical indication for patients.

8.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 733-737, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439476

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze triple receptor-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and non-triple receptor-negative breast cancer (non-TNBC),to determine the MR imaging characteristics of TNBC.Methods Data from two groups TNBC and non-TNBC patients were reviewed.Recorded the MRI features which involved the morphological features,kinetic lesion features and measured ADC values,As well as their clinical features and the pathological findings.Data were statistical analyzed in SPSS 17.0 software.Results There were significant difference between TNBC and non-TNBC in histological types,histologic grade,the situation of lymph metastases and mass shape,margin subgroup and lesion enhanced type,the ADC value (P < 0.05).The special histological types for TNBC were squamous carcinoma (metaplastic carcinomas),medullary carcinoma,basal-like carcinoma.The number of lymph node metastasis in the TNBC group was 78.9 % (15/19).Histologically,TNBC were mainly Ⅲ grade (89.4 %).In the group of TNBC,the percent of lobulated mass,margin smooth and rim enhancement was 52.6 %,36.8 %,42.1%,the higher ADC value of TNBC than non-TNBC.While there were no statistical significant differences in the age of onset,the maximum tumor diameter,the situation of menstruation,the situation of family history of breast cancer,the number of the mass,enhancement lesion type and the time-signal intensity curve type (P > 0.05).Conclusion Some MRI features combined clinical and histopathological characteristics would be helpful in the diagnosis of TNBC.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 448-451,454, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598449

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze imageology appearance and clinical characteristics of the cystic and solid breast carcinoma.Methods Features of MRI and B-type ultrasonic inspection of 26 patients with the cystic and solid breast carcinoma pathologically confirmed (15 patients with mucinous carcinoma,6 patients with intracystic papillary carcinoma,5 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the breast) were retrospectively reviewed.Results In terms of clinical appearance,the incidence of the squamous cell breast carcinoma with an average age of 70.1 years old was larger than in youth,while mucinous carcinoma with an average age of 67.7 years old and intracystic carcinoma of breast with an average age of 55.1 years old were contrary.The squamous cell breast carcinoma developed more quickly than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic carcinoma of breast.The squamous cell breast carcinoma often occurred around mammilla (4/5),while the mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma often occurred upper outer quadrant of breast,which was similar with other breast cancer.The average size of 49.6 mm in the squamous cell breast carcinoma was largest than the average size of 25.1 mm in mucinous carcinoma and the average size of 35.2 mm in intracystic papillary carcinoma.The malignant degree of squamous cell breast carcinoma was higher than mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma,which intended to occur lymph node metastasis and skin infiltration.The diagnosis probability of mucinous carcinoma was smaller than intracystic papillary carcinoma through preoperative puncture,while squamous cell breast carcinoma was larger.On the MRI imageology appearance,both types of breast cancer had the same shape of rotundity or lobulated.The tumors were low signal on T1WI and partially high signal on T2WI,which were circular enhancement after enhancement.However,the edge of mucinous carcinoma and squamous cell breast carcinoma was rougher than intracystic papillary carcinoma compared with squamous cell breast carcinoma.The bursa wall of mucinous carcinoma was more uniformity,while papillary soft tissue image can be found in intracystic papillary carcinoma,which was enhanced significantly after enhancement.In terms of ultrasonic sound (US),there were low echo signal and high echo signal on the back of tumor compared with other breast tumor.There were shadow beside mucinous carcinoma.Squamous cell breast carcinoma was rich in blood supply,while mucinous carcinoma and intracystic papillary carcinoma were opposite.Conclusion Histological type of cystic and solid breast carcinoma is complex,but the appearances of MRI and US have some characteristics.Histological type and the range of disease could be guessed through the combination of preoperative puncture and clinical appearance,which plays an important role in operation mode and treatment guidance.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 394-397, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267532

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of two gastric cancer screening schemes for early detection of gastric cancer in a high-risk population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cluster random sampling method was used to select local residents aged 40-69 years from Linqu County, Shandong Province. "Serum pepsinogen initial screening combined with further endoscopic examination (PG scheme)" and "direct endoscopic examination (endoscopy scheme)" were conducted. The associations between screening schemes and detection rates of gastric cancer, and early gastric cancer/high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were evaluated by unconditional logistic regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, 3654 and 2290 participants completed PG and endoscopy schemes, respectively. A total of 11 (0.30%) cases of gastric cancer and 10 (0.27%) cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were detected by PG scheme, of which 7 (0.19%) cases were early gastric cancer. While, 19 (0.83%) cases of gastric cancer and 10 (0.44%) cases of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia were detected by endoscopy scheme, with 12 (0.52%) cases of early gastric cancer. Compared with the PG scheme, the endoscopy scheme had a significantly higher detection rates of gastric cancer (OR = 2.83, 95%CI 1.34-5.98), and early gastric cancer/high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (OR = 2.12, 95%CI 1.12-4.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The endoscopy scheme is more effective in the detection of gastric cancer in a high-risk population, particularly for early gastric cancer/high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia than the PG scheme.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma , Blood , Diagnosis , Carcinoma in Situ , Blood , Diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer , Methods , Female , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Methods , Middle Aged , Pepsinogen A , Blood , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis
11.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012; 28 (1): 203-205
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-141562

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory colonic obstruction has rarely been reported as a complication of acute gangrenous cholecystitis. In this paper, we report a male presenting with inflammatory colonic obstruction, secondary to acute gangrenous cholecystitis. He was successfully treated with a laparotomy, adhesiolysis and cholecystotomy and went on to make a good recovery. The case highlights the importance of having a high index of suspicion for acute gangrenous cholecystitis accompanied by inflammatory colonic obstruction when reviewing patients presenting with cholecystolithiasis and colonic obstruction in the presence of raised inflammatory markers, as well as having an early surgery

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study an intervention model of "schools without infected students with schistosoma japonica", to control and prevent students from schistosoma infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve primary schools of four heavy endemic counties (districts) with schistosomiasis in the Poyang Lake areas were selected as the study fields, of which, ten schools were the experimental groups, and the other two schools were the control groups by cluster random sampling. All enrolment students were the target population. The baseline survey was carried out in 2005, and an intervention model, "information dissemination + behavior participation + behavior encouragement", was applied in the experiment groups in 2006 - 2008, then the effect of intervention was assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before intervention (2005), the anti-schistosomiasis knowledge awareness rate of experimental and control groups were 14.75% (324/2196) and 16.58% (91/549), and the different was not significant (χ(2) = 1.14, P > 0.05); the rate of accurate attitude of anti-schistosomiasis were 14.71% (323/2196) and 11.84% (65/549) in experimental and control groups, and the difference was not significant (χ(2) = 2.98, P > 0.05); the rate of contacting infected water were 15.44% (18 988/122 976) and 15.03% (4622/30 744) in experimental and control group and the difference was not significant (χ(2) = 3.13, P > 0.05); and the infection rate of schistosomiasis of experiment control groups were 9.65% (212/2196) and 10.56% (58/549), the difference was not significant (χ(2) = 0.41, P > 0.05). After one year intervention (2006), the anti-schistosomiasis knowledge awareness rate of experimental and control groups were 97.79% (2032/2078) and 18.11% (98/541), and the different was significant (χ(2) = 1794.31, P < 0.01); the rate of accurate attitude of anti-schistosomiasis were 99.09% (2059/2078) and 13.49% (73/541) in experimental and control group, and the difference was significant (χ(2) = 2077.45, P < 0.01). After 1 - 3 years intervention (2006 - 2008), there were no any contactors with infected water and infectors with schistosome in students of the experiment group in successive 3 years. While in the control group of the same period, the rate contacting infected water were 16.12% (4884/30 296), 11.11% (3079/27 720) and 12.25% (3451/28 168); the infection rate of schistosomiasis were 8.87% (48/541), 7.47% (37/495) and 7.95% (40/503), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The intervention model of health promotion, "information dissemination + behavior participation + behavior encouragement", can effectively control and prevent students from infecting schistosoma japonica in heavy endemic areas with schistosomiasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Health Promotion , Humans , Schistosomiasis , Schistosomiasis japonica , School Health Services , Schools , Students
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394340

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) relat-ed infections, study the types of pathogens and their drug sensitivities in order to supply evidence for clini-cal medication. Methods 110 cancer patients were analyzed for PICC related infections and blood sam-pies underwent bacterial culture. Results Of 110 cases of cancer patients, catheter-related infections were found in 11 patients (10.00%), including 9 cases of local infection (8.18%), and 2 cases of hemato-ge-nous infection (1.82%). Catheter-related infections were not associated with gender, age, types of catheter, venous selection, and the inserted length of intravenous catheter. Catheter- related infections were likely to be associated with the indwelling time of catheters. Conclusions To avoid the infections related to long-term PICC, strict aseptic operation and standardized maintaining procedures are required.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242690

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell frequencies in the peripheral blood of poor or non-responsiveness to Hepatitis B vaccine, and try to understand the relationship between CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell and poor or non-responsiveness to Hepatitis B vaccine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometric analysis was employed for CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell frequencies in the peripheral blood of 25 cases of non-responsiveness, 30 cases of poor-responsiveness, and collected 20 cases of responsiveness as control.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell frequencies of responsiveness was (4.32 +/- 1.21)%, poor-responsiveness was (7.01 +/- 1.06)% and non-responsiveness was (12.75 +/- 2.01)%. It was found that non and poor-responsiveness showed a high percentage of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell as compared with responsiveness (t = 8.426, t = 3.289, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The poor and non-responsiveness should be related with the increase of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell and this might be considered as an important cause of poor and non-responsiveness.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , CD4 Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 714-717, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355906

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between the number and activity of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), insulin resistance and severity of coronary lesions in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with coronary angiography evidenced CAD were divided in insulin resistance group (IR, n = 25) and insulin sensitive group (IS, n = 44) according to insulin level, 25 health volunteers served as control. Circulating EPCs were marked as KDR/CD133+ cells via fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. EPCs were also isolated from peripheral blood and cultured in vitro for 7 days, identified by DiI-acLDL uptake and lectin staining methods. EPCs migration activities were determined by modified Boyden chamber assay, EPCs proliferation activities were determined by MTT assay.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Circulating EPCs number was significantly lower in IR group compared with IS group [(0.34 +/- 0.08) per thousand vs. (0.47 +/- 0.09) per thousand, P < 0.01] and control group (P < 0.05). Both insulin resistance index (r = -0.291, P = 0.01)and Gensini score (r = -0.3984, P = 0.006)were negatively correlated with number of circulating EPCs. Proliferation and migration capacities of EPCs were also significantly lower in IR group compared to those in IS group (all P < 0.05) and control group (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia could aggravate severity of coronary artery lesions via reducing the number and activities of circulating EPCs in patients with CAD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Cell Count , Cell Adhesion , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Pathology , Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Female , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Male , Middle Aged , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283069

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of B7-H1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with chronic HBV infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunofluorescent staining and flow cytometry assay were used to measure the expression of B7-H1 on peripheral blood CD3high T cells, CD19high B cells and CD14high monocytes from chronic HBV infected patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant difference was observed in B7-H1 expression on T cells and B cells between chronic HBV infected patients (CHB) and health controls (HC). B7-H1-expressing CD14high cells were significantly increased in chronic HBV-infected patients (19.17-/+11.64)% as compared with healthy controls [(7.30-/+5.49)%, P<0.01]. A significant positive correlation was found between B7-H1 expression on CD14high monocytes and serum ALT levels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is no significant difference in B7-H1 expression on T cells and B cells between CHB patients and healthy subjects. B7-H1, which is up-regulated on monocytes from chronic HBV-infected patients, in positively correlated to serum ALT levels, and may play a role in the persistence of HBV infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , B7-H1 Antigen , Case-Control Studies , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Monocytes , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-578249

ABSTRACT

Preliminary research and partial satellite carrying experiment were firstly carried out,so as to research the technique of environmental control and life support system(ECLSS)of Chinese manned spacecraft.Environmental control and life support sub-system of "Shenzhou" spacecraft were developed subsequently,and the technique of physical/chemical regenerative ECLSS and controlled ecological life support system(CELSS)were also researched gradually.This paper introduced the research and development of ECLSS of Chinese manned spacecraft,and discussed the technical character of ECLSS.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 6-11, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257332

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Antigen-loaded eosinophils (EOSs) instilled intratracheally into mice were capable of inducing Th2-type cytokine production in the draining lymph nodes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether EOSs within the tracheobronchial lumen can stimulate Th2 cell expansion in the lung tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Airway EOSs were recovered from ovalbumin-sensitized and -challenged BALB/c mice, these EOSs were then cocultured with CD4+ cells isolated from sensitized mice in the absence or presence of anti-CD80 or/and -CD86 monoclonal antibodies. Airway EOSs were instilled into the trachea of sensitized mice. At the day 3 thereafter, the lung tissues were removed and prepared into cell suspensions for culture. Cell-free culture supernatants were collected for detection of cytokines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Airway EOSs functioned as CD80- and CD86-dependent antigen-presenting cells to stimulate lung CD4+ lymphocytes to produce interleukin-4, interleukin-5 and interleukin-13, but not interferon-gamma in in vitro assay. When instilled intratracheally in sensitized recipient mice, airway EOSs primed lung Th2 cells in vivo for interleukin-4, interleukin-5 and interleukin-13, but not interferon-gamma, production during the in vitro culture that was also CD80- and CD86-dependent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EOSs within the lumina of airways could process inhaled antigen and function in vitro and in vivo as antigen-presenting cells to promote expansion of Th2 cells in the lungs.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigen Presentation , Antigens, CD , Physiology , B7-1 Antigen , Physiology , B7-2 Antigen , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Physiology , Female , Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Membrane Glycoproteins , Physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278788

ABSTRACT

To achieve the complete remission (CR), acute leukemia (AL) patient must get through the period of myeloid ablation after chemotherapy that the white blood cell (WBC) count in peripheral blood decreases rapidly. To observe the relationship of WBC count with therapeutic effectiveness after chemotherapy in previously untreated AL, eighty cases of previously untreated acute leukemia who took the first induction chemotherapy course were analyzed. Blood routine was carried out 2 to 3 times every week while the bone marrow pictures on 12th and 20th day after chemotherapy were observed. 80 patients were divided into 3 groups based on the lowest value of WBC count after chemotherapy: <or= 0.4 x 10(9)/L group, (0.4 - 0.9) x 10(9)/L group and > 0.9 x 10(9)/L group. The results showed that the complete remission rates after the first course of chemotherapy were 60 vs 55.6 vs 27.3% respectively in the three groups which WBC counts were <or= 0.4 x 10(9)/L, (0.4 - 0.9) x 10(9)/L and > 0.9 x 10(9)/L. The total efficaciousness rates were 90 vs 92.6 vs 66.7 respectively in the three groups. The efficaciousness rate of the first two groups significantly differed from the third group (P < 0.01). However, no significant difference was shown between the first and second groups. It is concluded that the leukocyte count after the first course of chemotherapy may be an early indicator to predict the efficaciousness of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Leukemia , Blood , Drug Therapy , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged
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