Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 109
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939775

ABSTRACT

Aberrant regulation of DNA methylation plays a crucial causative role in haematological malignancies (HMs). Targeted therapy, aiming for DNA methylation, is an effective mainstay of modern medicine; however, many issues remain to be addressed. The progress of epigenetic studies and the proposed theory of "state-target medicine" have provided conditions to form a new treatment paradigm that combines the "body state adjustment" of CM with targeted therapy. We discussed the correlation between Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes/states and DNA methylation in this paper. Additionally, the latest research findings on the intervention and regulation of DNA methylation in HMs, including the core targets, therapy status, CM compounds and active components of the Chinese materia medica were concisely summarized to establish a theoretical foundation of "state-target synchronous conditioning" pattern of integrative medicine for HMs, simultaneously leading a new perspective in clinical diagnosis and therapy.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927681

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the function of primary cilia in regulating the cellular response to temozolomide (TMZ) and ionizing radiation (IR) in glioblastoma (GBM).@*Methods@#GBM cells were treated with TMZ or X-ray/carbon ion. The primary cilia were examined by immunostaining with Arl13b and γ-tubulin, and the cellular resistance ability was measured by cell viability assay or survival fraction assay. Combining with cilia ablation by IFT88 depletion or chloral hydrate and induction by lithium chloride, the autophagy was measured by acridine orange staining assay. The DNA damage repair ability was estimated by the kinetic curve of γH2AX foci, and the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) activation was detected by immunostaining assay.@*Results@#Primary cilia were frequently preserved in GBM, and the induction of ciliogenesis decreased cell proliferation. TMZ and IR promoted ciliogenesis in dose- and time-dependent manners, and the suppression of ciliogenesis significantly enhanced the cellular sensitivity to TMZ and IR. The inhibition of ciliogenesis elevated the lethal effects of TMZ and IR via the impairment of autophagy and DNA damage repair. The interference of ciliogenesis reduced DNA-PK activation, and the knockdown of DNA-PK led to cilium formation and elongation.@*Conclusion@#Primary cilia play a vital role in regulating the cellular sensitivity to TMZ and IR in GBM cells through mediating autophagy and DNA damage repair.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/therapeutic use , Brain Neoplasms/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA/therapeutic use , Glioblastoma/metabolism , Humans , Radiation, Ionizing , Temozolomide/therapeutic use
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (, panaxadiol saponins component, PNDC) in combination with the cyclosporine and androgen for patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA).@*METHODS@#A total of 79 CAA patients was randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table, including PCA group [43 cases, orally PNDC 320 mg/d plus cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 80 mg/d] and CA group [36 cases, orally cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 160 mg/d]. All patients were treated and followed-up for 6 treatment courses over 24 weeks. The complete blood counts, score of Chinese medical (CM) symptoms were assessed and urine routine, electrocardiogram, hepatic and renal function were observed for safety evaluation. Female masculinization rating scale was established according to the actual clinical manifestations to evaluate the accurate degree of masculinization in female CAA patients treated by andriol.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates were 88.1% (37/42) in the PCA group and 77.8% (28/36) in the CA group based on the standard for the therapeutic efficacy evaluation of hematopathy. There was no significant difference in the white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood between two groups after 6 months treatment. The masculinization score of female patient in the PCA group was significantly lower than the CA group (P<0.05). The mild abdominal distention was observed in 1 cases in the PCA group. In CA group, the abnormalities in the hepatic function developed in 2 cases and the renal disfunction was found in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#The PNDC possesses certain curative effects in the treatment of CAA without obvious side-effects and can partially replace andriol thereby to reduce the degree of masculinization [Registried at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChicTR1900028153)].


Subject(s)
Androgens , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , China , Female , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Saponins/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effects of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) negative pressure suction combined with Masquelet technique in the treatment of open comminuted fractures of limbs.Methods:120 patients with open comminuted fractures of limbs who received treatment in Rongjun Hospital of Zhejiang Province from June 2017 to June 2020 were included in this study. All of them underwent treatment by VSD negative pressure suction combined with Masquelet technique. The changes in rehabilitation indices, inflammatory factors and quality of life relative to before surgery and Visual Analogue Scale score before and 1 and 3 months after surgery were determined.Results:All 120 patients were included in the final analysis. Granulation tissue growth time was (10.53 ± 2.39) days. Infection control time was (14.32 ± 3.24) days. Wound closure time was (10.87 ± 2.84) days. Fracture healing time was (9.57 ± 1.84) weeks. The VAS score at 1 and 3 months after surgery was (3.21 ± 1.58) points and (1.45 ± 0.76) points, respectively, which was significantly decreased compared with before surgery [(8.23 ± 1.52) points, t = 25.082, 43.704, both P < 0.05]. The VAS score at 3 months after surgery was lower than that at 1 month after surgery ( t = 10.996, P < 0.05). Serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels at 1 and 3 months after surgery were significantly decreased compared with before surgery ( t = 14.798, 29.598, 30.599, 47.970, 17.161, 31.587, all P < 0.05). Serum tumor necrosis factor-α, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels at 3 months after surgery were significantly lower than those at 1 month after surgery ( t = 14.401, 21.218, 17.513, all P < 0.05). The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF score at 1 and 3 months after surgery were significantly increased compared with before surgery ( t = 17.803, 36.482, both P < 0.05). The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF score at 3 months after surgery was significantly higher than that at 1 month after surgery ( t = 10.488, P < 0.05). Conclusion:VSD negative pressure suction combined with Masquelet technique for the treatment of open comminuted fractures of limbs exhibits good efficacy, can alleviate pain, reduce inflammatory reactions, improve quality of life, and thereby is of important clinical value.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1028-1033, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888514

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of petroleum ether extract of Rhizoma Amorphophalli (SLG) in inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis and differentiation of leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were processed by SLG and PD98059 which was the ERK signaling pathway blocker. Then cell vitality was tested by MTT. Cell apoptosis rate and positive percentage of antigen expression related with differentiation were detected by flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of ERK1/2 and pERK1/2 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation activity of K562 was reduced by 50, 100, 200 mg/L SLG in a concentration dependent manner (r=0.9997). The apoptosis rate and positive expression rate of CD11b, CD14 and CD42b which were related with differentiation were raised by SLG, as well as the expression of pERK1/2, while PD98059 could reverse the promoting effect of SLG on apoptosis and differentiation partially.@*CONCLUSION@#SLG can inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis and differentiation of K562 cells through ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Alkanes , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Petroleum , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1875-1880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887372

ABSTRACT

@#Various ocular injuries can induce corneal neovascularization, which promote the development of diseases, causing corneal edema, impaired vision and even blindness. Therefore, with very important clinical significance, inhibiting corneal neovascularization can help to delay the progression of diseases and reduce corneal damage. This article will make the latest systematic discussion on the cells and molecules involved in corneal neovascularization, and analyze the possible inhibitory targets, hoping to provide references for scientific research and clinical practice.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827453

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is the most common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and also an important factor affecting the survival and quality of life in patients after transplantation. Currently, immunosuppressive therapy is commonly used for GVHD, but the curative effect is not ideal. How to effectively prevent and treat GVHD is one of the difficulties to be solved urgently in the field of transplantation. In this paper, we summarize the latest progress in pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of GVHD with Chinese medicine (CM). We hope it will provide ideas and methods for exploring the mechanism and establishing a new comprehensive therapy for GVHD with CM.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Graft vs Host Disease , Drug Therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life
8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 249-254, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869365

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus 2019(2019-nCoV)was first detected from patients with pneumonia of an unknown cause in Wuhan in December 2019.It has since been confirmed as the pathogen for the new coronavirus pneumonia, recently named coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) by the WHO.Although the general population is commonly susceptible to the disease, infected elderly people show fast progression and severe manifestations with a high proportion in serious or critical condition as a result of compromised immunity and underlying diseases.In order to improve the quality of nursing management, reduce complications and decrease mortality for critically ill elderly patients, we assembled a national expert group with expertise in critical care nursing to write this consensus, based on a literature review and a subsequent panel discussion.The consensus covers the assessment, clinical nursing management, nursing care following hospital discharge and other aspects of care for critically ill elderly patients with COVID-19, aiming to share insights and provide guidance for clinical practice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865071

ABSTRACT

Objective:To invetigate the influencing factors and clinical significance of liver function damage (LFD) in patients diagnosed with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 51 patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to the Sino-French New City Branch of Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Huazhong University of Science and Technology by the 5th group assisting team from the First Hospital of Jilin University from February 9th to 27th in 2020 were collected. There were 27 males and 24 females, aged from 36 to 86 years, with an average age of 68 years. The treatment modality was according to the diagnostic and therapeutic guideline for COVID-19 (Trial 6th edition) issued by National Health Commission. Observation indicators: (1) clinical data of patients; (2) analysis of liver function index and treatment of LFD; (3) analysis of influencing factors for LFD. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. The Logistic regression method was used for univariate analysis. Results:(1) Clinical data of patients: of the 51 patients, 21 were classified as ordinary type of COVID-19, 19 as severe type and 11 as critical type. In terms of medical history, 31 patients suffered from more than or equal to one kind of chronic disease, 20 had no history of chronic disease. Thirteen patients had the drinking history and 38 had no drinking history. Seven patients were hepatitis positive and 44 were hepatitis negative. Five patients had septic shock at admission, 5 had systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and 41 had neither shock nor SIRS. The body mass index (BMI), time from onset to admission, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate of the 51 patients were (24±3)kg/m 2, (13±5)days, 36.5 ℃ (range, 36.0-38.1 ℃), 82 times/minutes (range, 50-133 times/minutes), 20 times/minutes (range, 12-40 times/minutes). The white blood cell count, level of creatinine, and level of b-type natriuretic peptide within 24 hours after admission were 6.3×10 9/L [range, (2.2-21.7)×10 9/L], 75 μmol/L (range, 44-342 μmol/L), 214 ng/L (range, 5-32 407 ng/L). (2) Analysis of liver function index and treatment of LFD: the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) were 31 U/L (range, 7-421 U/L), 29 U/L (range, 15-783 U/L), 36 U/L (range, 13-936 U/L), 76 U/L (range, 41-321 U/L), 4.9 μmol/L (range, 2.6-14.3 μmol/L), 5.8 μmol/L (range, 2.6-23.9 μmol/L), 37.2 s (range, 30.9-77.1 s), 13.9 s (range, 12.5-26.7 s), respectively. The percentages of cases with abnormal ALT, AST, GGT, ALP, DBil, IBil, APTT and PT were 47.1%(24/51), 47.1%(24/51), 35.3%(18/51), 13.7%(7/51), 7.8%(4/51), 2.0%(1/51), 21.6%(11/51), and 19.6%(10/51), respectively. Of the 51 patients, LFD was detected in 10 patients classified as ordinary type, in 9 patients as severe type, and in 10 as critical type, respectively. In the 51 patients, 1 of 22 patients with normal liver function developed respiratory failure and received mechanical ventilation within 24 hours after admission, while 9 of 29 patients with abnormal liver function developed respiratory failure and received mechanical ventilation, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=5.57, P<0.05). (3) Analysis of influencing factors for LFD. Results of univariate analysis showed that clinical classification of COVID-19 as critical type was a related factor for LFD of patients ( odds ratio=10.000, 95% confidence interval: 1.050-95.231, P<0.05). Conclusions:COVID-19 patients with LFD are more susceptible to develop respiratory failure. The clinical classification of COVID-19 as critical type is a related factor for LFD of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the evaluation and management of early enteral nutrition tolerance in a patient with refractory status epilepticus after ketogenic diet.Methods:Nursing essentials were as follows: Individualized enteral nutrition tolerance assessment was given every 4 hours after ketogenic diet, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal distention, diarrhea, gastric retention and upper gastrointestinal bleeding; when patients suffered from intolerance to ketogenic diet, nasointestinal tube was retained to upper jejunum, ketogenic diet was diluted, dietary fiber and trypsin were increased. Intake of preparations and probiotics could reduce the incidence of diarrhea and gastric retention. Blood sugar and ketone levels were monitored every 4 hours to evaluate the therapeutic effect of ketogenic diet by Engel grading. Early active mobility was carried out to reduce the mechanical ventilation time and improve limb muscle strength.Results:After careful treatment and nursing, ketogenic diet progressed smoothly and gastrointestinal intolerance improved significantly. On the 30th day of admission, Engel was grade I. The patient was stable with no functional epileptic attack. On the 66th day after admission, the patient was successfully taken off line and transferred to the general treatment area. During the period of hospitalization, there was no nursing related complications such as pressure ulcer, and the patient recovered and discharged.Conclusion:Individualized assessment and management of enteral nutrition tolerance can effectively reduce the related complications and improve the prognosis of patients with refractory status epilepticus who take ketogenic diet.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941956

ABSTRACT

A 58-year-old female was referred to our department with intermittent suffocation for 1.5 years, aggravated for a month. 1.5 years before she developed oral ulcer, raynaud phenomenon, proteinuria, bilateral pleural effusion, ANA and anti-dsDNA positive. This patient was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). After given hormones, hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ), her symptom relieved soon. The patient stopped her pills 1 year ago. One month ago, she had chest tightness, increased urine foam, and suffered from oliguria. Her admission medical examination: blood pressure (BP) 130/80 mmHg, conjunctiva pale, and lower lung breath sounds reduced. There was no tenderness, rebound pain and abdominal muscle tension in the abdomen. Liver and spleen rib inferior, mobile dullness negative, and lower extremity edema. Blood routine tests were performed with hemoglobin (HGB) 57 g/L. Urine routine: BLD (3+). 24-hour urinary protein 3.2 g. serum albumin 20.5 g/L, C-reactive protein (CRP) 12.85 mg/L, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) 140 mm/h. Antinuclear antibody (ANA) (H)1:10 000, anti-dsDNA antibody 1:3 200; anti-Smith antibody, anti-U1-snRNP/Sm antibody were positive, blood complement 3(C3) 0.43 g/L, complement 4(C4) 0.07 g /L. Anticardiolipin antibody (ACL), anti-β2-GP1, lupus anticoagulant (LA) were negative; HRCT suggested bilateral medial pleural cavity product liquid. Admission diagnosis: SLE lupus nephritis, anemia, pleural effusion, and hypoproteinemia. We treated her with methylprednisolone 1 000 mg×3 d, late to 48 mg/d and cyclophosphamide 1.0 g, HCQ 0.2 g bid, gamma globulin 10 g×5 d. Day 2 of treatment, this patient developed acute right upper quadrant pain, not accompanied by nausea, vomiting, blood stool and diarrhea. Antipyretic antispasmodic treatment was invalid, after the morning to ease their own abdominal pain. Day 4 of treatment, daytime blood HGB 77 g/L. Bilateral renal vascular ultrasound: bilateral renal artery blood flow velocity was reduced. The abdominal pain of the above symptoms recurred at night, BP was 120/80 mmHg, and no positive signs were found on abdominal examination. No abnormality was found in the vertical abdominal plain film. Blood routine examination: HGB 53 g/L, Plasma D dimer 2 515 μg/L, amylase in hematuria was normal, the stool occult blood was negative. Abdominal computed tomography (CT): normal structure of right adrenal gland disappeared, irregular mass shadow could be seen in adrenal region, CT value was about 50 HU. Morphological density of left adrenal gland was not abnormal. The retroperitoneum descended along the inferior vena cava to the right iliac blood vessel and showed a bolus shadow. The density of some segments increased. The lesion involved the right renal periphery and reached the left side of abdominal aorta. Most lesions surrounded the inferior vena cava, the right renal vein and part of the small intestine. The boundary between the upper lesion and the vena cava was unclear. Iodinecontaining contrast agent was taken orally. No sign of contrast agent overflowing was found in the abdominal cavity. Hematoma and exudative changes were considered in retroperitoneum. CONCLUSION of contrast-enhanced ultrasound of blood vessels: The retroperitoneal inferior vena cava (volume 3.5 cm×3.5 cm×1.5 cm) was hypoechoic and had no blood flow lesion. The adrenal gland had a high possibility of origin. Left renal vein thrombosis extended to inferior vena cava. According to the above data, it was analyzed that the cause of retroperitoneal hematoma of the patient was left adrenal vein thrombosis caused by hypercoagulable state, which led to vascular rupture and hemorrhage caused by increased vascular pressure in adrenal gland. Therefore, on the basis of continuing to actively treat the primary disease, and on the basis of dynamic observation of no active hemorrhage for 3 days, the anticoagulant therapy was continued with 10 mg/d of apixaban. Clinical symptoms were gradually eased, HGB did not decrease. Two weeks later, the ultrasonic examination showed that the irregular cluster hypoechoic range behind the inferior vena cava was significantly smaller than that before (1.8 cm×1.2 cm×0.7 cm). Abdominal CT examination after 1 month showed that there was no abnormal morphological density of bilateral adrenal glands and basic absorption of retroperitoneal exudation. Adrenal hemorrhage is uncommon. SLE with adrenal hemorrhage is rarer. In SLE patients, especially those complicated with APS, if abdominal pain accompanied by HGB decrease occurs, except after gastrointestinal hemorrhage, the possibility of adrenal hemorrhage should be warned.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Anticardiolipin , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Aorta, Abdominal , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Middle Aged
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777106

ABSTRACT

Chronic primary immune thrombocytopenia (CITP) is the most common acquired autoimmune disease that seriously threaten the physical and mental health of patients. Compared with Western medicine treatment, the intervention and treatment of Chinese medicine (CM) has shown certain therapeutic advantages. This paper reviewed the new pathogenesis progress on T cell immune abnormality in CITP, and CM studies on interferes effects of cellular immune regulation of CITP in recent years. Qi deficiency failing to control blood and internal obstruction of blood stasis are the two common types of CM syndromes in CITP patients, the corresponding treatments include invigorating Pi (Spleen), supplementing qi, activating blood, as well as tonifying qi and activating yang, regulating Gan (Liver) to invigorate Pi. The authors also mentioned the problems in the research field of CM for CTIP treatment, and put forward new ideas for the research in the future.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the potential efficacy of panaxadiol saponins component (PDS-C) in the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA) model mice.@*METHODS@#Totally 70 mice were divided into 7 groups as follows: normal, model, low-, medium-, high-dose PDS-C (20, 40, 80 mg/kg, namely L-, M-, H-PDS-C), cyclosporine (40 mg/kg), and andriol (25 mg/kg) groups, respectively. An immune-mediated AA mouse model was established in BALB/c mice by exposing to 5.0 Gy total body irradiation at 1.0 Gy/min, and injecting with lymphocytes from DBA mice. On day 4 after establishment of AA model, all drugs were intragastrically administered daily for 15 days, respectively, while the mice in the normal and model groups were administered with saline solution. After treatment, the peripheral blood counts, bone marrow pathological examination, colony forming assay of bone marrow culture, T lymphocyte subpopulation analysis, as well as T-bet, GATA-3 and FoxP3 proteins were detected by flow cytometry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The peripheral blood of white blood cell (WBC), platelet, neutrophil counts and hemoglobin (Hb) concentration were significantly decreased in the model group compared with the normal group (all P<0.01). In response to 3 dose PDS-C treatment, the WBC, platelet, neutrophil counts were significantly increased at a dose-dependent manner compared with the model group (all P<0.01). The myelosuppression status of AA was significantly reduced in M-, H-PDS-C groups, and hematopoietic cell quantity of bone marrow was more abundant than the model group. The colony numbers of myeloid, erythroid and megakaryocytic progenitor cells in the model group were less than those of the normal mice in bone marrow culture, while, PDS-C therapy enhanced proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells by significantly increasing colony numbers (all P<0.01). Furthermore, PDS-C therapy increased peripheral blood CD3 and CD3CD4 cells and reduced CD3CD8 cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Meanwhile, PDS-C treatment at medium- and high doses groups also increased CD4CD25FoxP3 cells, downregulated T-bet protein expression, and upregulated GATA-3 and FoxP3 protein expressions in spleen cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PDS-C possesses dual activities, promoting proliferation hematopoietic progenitor cells and modulating T lymphocyte immune functions in the treatment of AA model mice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with malignant tumor.@*METHODS@#Retrospective summary was made of 1 562 in patients of RA from January 2011 to June 2017. In the study, 74 RA patients with malignant tumor were reviewed and analyzed, and the general conditions, tumor types, RA and tumor onset sequence, and the medication situation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of malignant tumor in the patients with rheumatoid arthritis in our center was 4.16%. The 74 patients were complicated with malignant tumor, of whom 53 were female, and 21 male. The age of RA at presentation was (52.6±17.8) years. The average disease duration of malignant tumor was (63.4 ± 12.7) years. The onset time of rheumatoid arthritis was earlier than that of malignant tumors in 51 cases (51/74), with an average of (17.2±14.2) years between 2 and 60 years. The incidence of malignant tumor was earlier than that of rheumatoid arthritis in 16 cases (16/74), with an average of (6.2±5.9) years between 1 and 21 years, of which 10 cases were sex hormone related tumors. Seven cases (7/74) were diagnosed with RA at the same time, and the time interval between the two diseases was within 1 year. All the patients were over 60 years old with digestive tract tumors. All the 7 patients showed polyarthritis, significantly increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein, including 4 rheumatoid factor positive cases and 2 anti-CCP antibody positive cases. The effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and traditional drugs to improve the condition of the disease was poor in the 7 patients, and the condition was relieved after using low-dose glucocorticoids. Gastrointestinal tumors, breast and reproductive system tumors were the most common, followed by respiratory, urological and blood system tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#The risk in patients of rheumatoid arthritis complicated with malignant tumor is higher than that of the general population. A variety of factors play an important role in cancer risk of RA, including disease activity, some estrogen metabolites, the use of drugs and so on. Therefore, all RA patients should be screened for malignant tumor during diagnosis, and malignant tumor surveillance is mandatory for all rheumatoid arthritis patients after diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Autoantibodies , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/immunology , Peptides, Cyclic , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatoid Factor/blood
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701180

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the effects of panaxadiol saponins(PDS)on up-regulation of MAPK/ERK signal pathway in bone marrow cells and increase in regulatory T(Treg)cells in spleen tissue of aplastic anemia(AA)mice,and to explore the mechanisms.METHODS:For preparation of immune-mediated AA model,BALB/c mice were exposed to sublethal dose(5.0 Gy)of [60Co]-γradiation, followed by transplantation of lymphocytes from DBA /2 donor mice. BALB/c mice(n=60)were randomly divided into 6 groups,including normal mouse group,AA model group,PDS treat-ment groups at low,medium and high doses,and cyclosporine group as positive control.PDS and cyclosporine were given by gavage for 14 d.The peripheral blood cell counts and bone marrow pathological examination were tested.The protein levels of MEK1/2,p-MEK1/2,ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in the bone marrow cells were analyzed by Western blot and im-munohistochemistry experiment.Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Treg cells in spleen tissue of each group.RESULTS:The peripheral blood cell counts were significantly decreased in AA mouse group as compared with nor -mal mouse group(P<0.05).The bone marrow sections showed markedly inhibition status of hematopoiesis and the de -crease in cellularity.In response to PDS treatment,the peripheral blood cell counts and Treg cells in the spleen tissues of AA mouse treated with PDS were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.05).Treatment with PDS at medium and high doses up-regulated the protein levels of MEK1/2,p-MEK1/2,ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in the bone mar-row of AA mice(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:PDS is effective to enhance recovery of hematopoietic function in AA mice. This effect may be related to up-regulating multiple protein kinases of MAPK/ERK signal pathway in the bone marrow cells of AA mice.In addition,PDS has an impact on immune function of AA mice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699609

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and aquaporin-1 (AQP1) in the alkali-burn cornea and investigate the roles of HIF-1α and AQP1 in alkali-burn mechanisms.Methods Totally 48 healthy adult female Kunming mice were selected,and the left eyes were treated with saline as the control group,and the model of corneal alkali burn was established with concentration of 1 mol · L-1 NaOH on the right eyes,and then these rats were randomly divided into 1-day,4-day,7-day and 14-day group.The expressions of HIF-1α and AQP1 in the cornea were detected using immunofluorescence and qRT-PCR after corneal alkali burn model was successful.Results In the control group,HIF-1 α was expressed in the corneal epithelial basement membrane,but it was increased in the corneal epithelium layer 1 day after alkali burn,and it was expressed in the corneal epithelium layer and stroma 4 days,and peaked 7 days after alkali burn;AQP1 was weakly expressed only in the endothelial layer in the control group,but it was increased in the corneal endothelial layer 1 day after alkali burn,and it was strongly expressed in the endothelial cell layer and the stroma 4 days and 7 days after alkali burn.qRT-PCR indicated that the relative expression level of HIF-1α mRNA was 269.70 ± 15.68 in 1-day group,350.50 ± 67.26 in 4-day group and 272.10 ±6.88 in 7-day group,respectively,which all were higher than that in the control group (188.70 ± 33.99),with significant difference (P < 0.05).In addition,the relative expression level of AQP1 mRNA was 61.90 ± 5.45 in 1-day group and 48.34 ± 1.33 in 7-day group,which were significantly higher than that in the control group (36.43 ± 3.95),with statistical difference (P < 0.05).Conclusion Alkali burn can cause the pathological changes in the cornea,and HIF-1 α and AQP1 involve in corneal injury after alkali burn.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697211

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of posttraumatic growth(PTG) in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), to explore the ruminant, positive/negative information attention to the impact of both on the posttraumatic growth. Methods A study of 360 patients with coronary artery disease was conducted using general information, Event Related Rumination Inventory (ERRI) and Attention to Positive and Negative Information Scale (APNIS) and the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI). Results The Attention to Positive information (API) score was (38.47 ± 9.33) points, and the Attention to Negative Information (ANI) score was (32.99 ± 8.48) points for interventional patients with coronary heart disease, the total score of PTGI was(49.96±19.96)points and the total score of ERRI was (26.52 ± 10.55)points. In PCI patient the PTG and API were positively correlated with rumination (both purposeful and invasive), and PTG was negatively correlated with ANI. The result showed that API, rumination (including deliberate and intrusive) had positive predictive effect on PTG, and ANI had negative predictive effect on PTG, API and ANI respectively had significant interaction with ruminant meditation. Conclusions Patients with coronary artery disease undergoing interventional therapy reported the API was low, the ANI level was higher, the PTG and rumination level was lower. Clinical measures higher, the PTG and rumination level lower. Clinical measures should be taken to guide patients to pay more attention to positive information, to reduce the concern for negative information, and to guide patients to correct reflection in order to promote post-traumatic growth.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 64-67, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694318

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and feasibility of pleurodesis in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)complicated with refractory pleural effusion.Methods The clinical data on four patients were diagnosed with SLE complicated with refractory pleural effusion and received pleurodesis was retrospectively analyzed.At the same time,using such terms as"lupus"and"pleural effusion",we searched English literature in Pubmed and in Wan-Fang Database of China.Results A total of 7 cases with relative complete data were found from the literature.Six patients were female,and one was male.Three cases had bilateral pleural effusion,two had left pleural effusion,and two had right pleural effusion.Then,these eleven patients were analyed together.Those patients who suffered significant dyspnea were related to chronic pleural effusion.They were all treated with a large dose of corticosteroid and immunosuppressive agents before pleurodesis,but none of the therapies was valid.They had undergone frequent multiple fluid aspirations.The total aspirated volume of one patient exceeded 80 L before pleurodesis.The patients with pleurodesis were well tolerated and had no complications after operation.There was no relapse in follow-up.After pleurodesis,the pleural effusion of all the patients was completely improved.Conclusion The clinical manifestations of refractory pleural effusion are relatively rare in patients with SLE.Drug therapy has poor effect,while traditionally used pleurodesis may be safer and preferred in such cases.It can effectively improve patients′prognosis and quality of life,but due to the small number of reported patients,the best type of intervention waits to be found.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the potential efficacy of panaxadiol saponins component (PDS-C), a biologically active fraction isolated from total ginsenosides, to reverse chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression and pancytopenia caused by cyclophamide (CTX).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice with myelosuppression induced by CTX were treated with PDS-C at a low- (20 mg/kg), moderate- (40 mg/kg), or high-dose (80 mg/kg) for 7 consecutive days. The level of peripheral white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (NEU) and platelet (PLT) were measured, the histopathology and colony formation were observed, the protein kinase and transcription factors in hematopoietic cells were determined by immunohistochemical staining and Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In response to PDS-C therapy, the peripheral WBC, NEU and PLT counts of CTX-induced myelosuppressed mice were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner. Similarly, bone marrow histopathology examination showed reversal of CTX-induced myelosuppression with increase in overall bone marrow cellularity and the number of hematopoietic cells (P<0.01). PDS-C also promoted proliferation of granulocytic and megakaryocyte progenitor cells in CTX-treated mice, as evidenced by significantly increase in colony formation units-granulocytes/monocytes and -megakaryocytes (P<0.01). The enhancement of hematopoiesis by PDS-C appears to be mediated by an intracellular signaling pathway, this was evidenced by the up-regulation of phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-MEK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (p-ERK), and receptor tyrosine kinase (C-kit) and globin transcription factor 1 (GATA-1) in hematopoietic cells of CTX-treated mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PDS-C possesses hematopoietic growth factor-like activities that promote proliferation and also possibly differentiation of hematopoietic progenitor cells in myelosuppressed mice, probably mediated by a mechanism involving MEK and ERK protein kinases, and C-kit and GATA-1 transcription factors. PDS-C may potentially be a novel treatment of myelosuppression and pancytopenia caused by chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Cell Proliferation , Cyclophosphamide , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , GATA1 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hematopoiesis , Mice , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases , Metabolism , Myeloid Cells , Pathology , Panax , Chemistry , Pancytopenia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Metabolism , Saponins , Pharmacology , Up-Regulation
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2693-2698, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The clinical efficacy of fentanyl for pain control differs greatly across individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of CYP3A4*1G polymorphism including wild-type homozygote (CYP3A4*1/*1, GG), mutant heterozygote (CYP3A4*1/*1G, GA), and mutant homozygote (CYP3A4*1G/*1G, AA) on fentanyl analgesia in Chinese patients undergoing hysteroscopy by the assessment of analgesia nociception index (ANI).</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 200 gynecologic patients scheduled for elective hysteroscopy under general anesthesia at Peking University People's Hospital from May to December in 2017 were enrolled in this study. Venous blood was withdrawn for genotyping of CYP3A4*1G before operation. Fentanyl 1 μg/kg was administered preoperatively followed by target-controlled infusion of propofol for induction and maintenance. Intraoperative analgesic efficacy of fentanyl was assessed by ANI monitoring at T0 (entering room), T1 (cervical dilation), T2 (start of cervical aspiration), and T3 (end of cervical aspiration) time points. The duration of propofol infusion and total dosage of propofol were recorded as well.</p><p><b>Results</b>The patients were divided into three groups according to CYP3A4*1G polymorphism, including 143 in GG group, 47 in GA group, and 10 in AA group. There was no significant difference in clinical demographics among three groups. The frequency of CYP3A4*1G variant alleles accounted for 16.8% and the distribution of variant alleles was consistent with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Using a multilevel model, ANI values at T1 (63.81 ± 19.61), T2 (63.63 ± 17.82), and T3 (65.68 ± 17.79) were significantly lower than that at T0 (77.16 ± 12.93) in the study population (F = 23.50, P < 0.001), suggesting that higher levels of pain at T1, T2, and T3 than T0. Patients with GG genotype showed significantly lower ANI than those with GA or AA genotypes during hysteroscopy under the same dose of fentanyl.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>CYP3A4*1G polymorphism associated with the analgesic efficacy of intraoperative fentanyl in the patients undergoing hysteroscopy under general anesthesia.</p>

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL