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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879140

ABSTRACT

To explore the potential molecular mechanism of Mongolian medicine Bawei Sanxiang San in the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF) through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The active ingredients and potential targets of Bawei Sanxiang San were collected by applying TCMSP, BATMAN databases and literature mining. CHF-related genes were collected through TTD, GeneCards and CTD databases. After the potential common targets between Bawei Sanxiang San and CHF were disco-vered, the interaction network diagram of "compound-target-pathway" was constructed using Cytoscape. The intersecting targets were imported into the DAVID database for GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the Autodock_vina software was used to molecularly dock the selected proteins with the active ingredients of Bawei Sanxiang San. The results showed that there were 60 active ingredients in Bawei Sanxiang San that might be used to treat CHF, involving 311 target genes and 7 signaling pathways that directly related to CHF, such as HIF-1 signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes, aldosterone-regulated sodium reabsorption, calcium signaling pathway, cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, renin secretion. Additionally, molecular docking showed that the bioactive compounds had good binding activity with the protein receptors of key target genes. Bawei Sanxiang San might exert therapeutic effects on CHF by regulating cardiomyocytes, angiogenic and inflammation related targets and pathways in a multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway manner.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877571

ABSTRACT

The teaching effect of "process management and evaluation" was assessed in resident standardization training plan in acupuncture-moxibustion department of hospital for postgraduates of non-acupuncture-moxibustion speciality. A total of 120 postgraduates of non-acupuncture-moxibustion speciality participating in resident standardization training were randomized into an observation group (60 cases) and a control group (60 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the control group, the conventional training mode was used. In the observation group, the "process management and evaluation" was adopted, in which, the syllabus was refined, various teaching modes were cooperated and the summary was conducted once a week. The training results were evaluated at the end of 1-month shift test and questionnaire was issued in all of the postgraduates of the two groups. In the observation group, the score for theory and the score of each of the items for technical ability, named differentiation and treatment, technical manipulation and physician-patient communication, as well as the total score were all higher than the control group successively (


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Hospitals , Humans , Moxibustion , Reference Standards
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827954

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, an outbreak of viral pneumonia began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, which caused the spread of infectious pneumonia to a certain extent in China and neighboring countries and regions, and triggered the epidemic crisis. The coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is an acute respiratory infectious disease listed as a B infectious disease, which is managed according to standards for A infectious disease. Traditional Chinese medicine and integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine have played an active role in the prevention and control of this epidemic. China's ethnomedicine has recognized infectious diseases since ancient times, and formed a medical system including theory, therapies, formula and herbal medicines for such diseases. Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan, Qiandongnan Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou have issued the prevention and control programs for COVID-19 using Tibetan, Mongolian, Uygur, Yi and Miao medicines. These programs reflect the wisdom of ethnomedicine in preventing and treating diseases, which have successfully extracted prescriptions and preventive measures for the outbreak of the epidemic from their own medical theories and traditional experiences. In this paper, we summarized and explained the prescriptions and medicinal materials of ethnomedicine in these programs, and the origin of Tibetan medicine prescriptions and Mongolian medicine prescriptions in ancient books were studied. These become the common characteristics of medical prevention and treatment programs for ethnomedicine to formulate therapeutic programs under the guidance of traditional medicine theories, recommend prescriptions and prevention and treatment methods with characteristics of ethnomedicine, and focus on the conve-nience and standardization. However, strengthening the support of science and technology and the popularization to the public, and improving the participation of ethnomedicine in national public health services and the capacity-building to deal with sudden and critical diseases are key contents in the development of ethnomedicine in the future.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Humans , Medicine, Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Tibet
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879296

ABSTRACT

Objective Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. The pathophysiology of the disease mostly remains unearthed, thereby challenging drug development for AD. This study aims to screen high throughput gene expression data using weighted co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to explore the potential therapeutic targets.Methods The dataset of GSE36980 was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Normalization, quality control, filtration, and soft-threshold calculation were carried out before clustering the co-expressed genes into different modules. Furthermore, the correlation coefficients between the modules and clinical traits were computed to identify the key modules. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses were performed on the key module genes. The STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, which were further analyzed by Cytoscape app (MCODE). Finally, validation of hub genes was conducted by external GEO datasets of GSE 1297 and GSE 28146.Results Co-expressed genes were clustered into 27 modules, among which 6 modules were identified as the key module relating to AD occurrence. These key modules are primarily involved in chemical synaptic transmission (GO:0007268), the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and respiratory electron transport (R-HSA-1428517).

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878777

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a highly conservative and multi-component activated energy metabolism and self-renewal mechanism, which plays a crucial regulatory role in maintaining the normal physiological state of cells and is involved in various pathological processes. In recent years, the mechanism study has made great progress in regulating autophagy with effective components of Chinese materia medica(CMM),which are reported to prevent and treat cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic and immune-related diseases. This review outlines the molecular regulation mechanisms of cell autophagy with CMM components in controlling the above-mentioned diseases. There are many relevant reports on the regulatory mechanisms of autophagy in tumor and cardiovascular cells with CMM monomers. The main chemical structural types are alkaloids, saponins, polyphenols, flavonoids and terpenes. And m-TOR pathway is the main mechanism relating to the regulatory mechanisms of autophagy with CMM. Therefore, the regulatory mec-hanisms of cell autophagy become a new research targeting strategy of therapies with CMM. This review provides evidences for the effectiveness and scientificity of CMM in regulating autophagy, in the expectation of providing references for the in-depth studies of CMM in the field of autophagy and the development of natural autophagy regulators.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Autophagy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Saponins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878774

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the optimal indications and mechanism of Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis(UR)-Eucommiae Cortex(EC) in lowering blood pressure based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Chemical constituents were collected and screened by TCMSP database. Swiss Target Prediction platform was used to predict the related targets of the drug. OMIM, TCMIP and GeneCards databases were used to collect hypertension-related genes, and the intersections were taken to obtain potential targets for anti-hypertensive treatment of UR-EC. FunRich software was used to enrich the clinical phenotype and expression site of potential target of lowering blood pressure to analyze and predict the optimal indications of UR-EC. STRING database was used for KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to construct the network of "composition-target-pathway". The key targets and their corresponding components in the network were analyzed and obtained, and then molecular docking was applied for preliminary verification. Twenty potential active components of UR and 24 potential active components of EC were respectively collected, and 92 anti-hypertensive potential targets of UR-EC were obtained. According to FunRich enrichment results, the optimal indication of UR-EC was pregnancy hypertension, which involved calcium signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand receptor interaction, renin vascular tightening, VEGF signaling pathway, etc. In addition, AKT1, NOS2, ADRB2, F2, NOS3, SCN5 A, HTR2 A and JAK2 were considered as the key targets in the network. The molecular docking results showed that the screened potential active components had high binding activity with the key targets. This study preliminarily revealed that UR-EC may have therapeutic effects on pregnancy hypertension in terms of sedation, anti-hypertension, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, improvement of vascular endothelial function and so on.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Hypertension/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pregnancy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873034

ABSTRACT

Objective:A high performance liquid chromatography-photo-diode array(HPLC-PDA) method for the simultaneous determination of the 7 phenolic acids including danshensu,protocatechuic acid,protocatechuic aldehyde,chlorogenic acid,caffeic acid,ferulic acid and rosemary acid in Lycopus lucidus var.hirtus rhizome,analyzing and evaluating the phenolic acids in L.lucidus var.hirtus rhizome collected from different habitats,is reported here. Method:The sample was extracted by ultrasonic with 80% methanol solution,7 kinds of phenolic acids were separated on a CAPCELL PAK C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of methanol-0.02% formic acid aqueous (pH 3.10)by gradient elution,The detection wavelength was at 279,324 nm, the column temperature was 30 ℃ with 20 μL injection volume and the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. Result:The 7 Phenolic acids had a good linear relationship (r≥0.999 9) within their respective mass concentration ranges,the average recovery was 96.49%-103.45% and the RSD was 0.5%-2.8%,the limit of determination was 0.008-0.046 mg·L-1 and the limit of quantification was 0.027-0.154 mg·L-1.The 7 kinds of phenolic acids were all detected in L.lucidus var.hirtus rhizome and the total amount was between 5 811.01 and 11 747.23 µg·g-1 , the average amount was 7 421.05 µg·g-1.The content of 7 phenolic acids was different and the rosemary acid was the highest in all the samples with an average of 7 111.19 µg·g-1 the ratio to the total phenolic acids was 95.8%.The results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that the quality of L.lucidus var.hirtus rhizome from Heze city in Shandong province was better,followed by Wanzhou district in Chongqing. Conclusion:The method was simple,sensitive,accurate,practical and reliable,and is suitable for the content determination of phenolic acid in L. lucidus var. hirtus rhizome.It is expected to provide a reference for the improvement of quality standard and a new idea for the development and utilization of L.lucidus var.hirtus rhizome.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872953

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang in treating early diabetic nephropathy(DN)with deficiency of spleen and kidney, damp-heat and blood stasis syndrome and its effect on glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammatory factors, in order to explore its mechanism. Method::A total of 72 early DN atients were randomly divided into control group and treatment group, with 36 cases in each group. The control group was orally treated with losartan potassium tablets(50 mg every time, once/day), while the treatment group was treated with modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang orally in addition to the therapy of the control group(1 dose/day). Both groups were treated for 3 months. The changes in clinical efficacy and safety indicators were observed for both groups. The 24 h urine albumin excretion rate(UAER), serum creatinine(SCr), serum cystatin C(Cys C), urea nitrogen (BUN), fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione Peroxidase(GSH-Px), interleukin-2(IL-2), interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-8(IL-8), interleukin-10(IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)of patients in two groups were observed before and after treatment. Result::The total clinical effective rate was 88.9%in therapy group, which was higher than 61.1%in control group(P<0.05). After treatment, levels of UAER, SCr, Cys C and BUN were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were all lower than those in control group(P<0.05). Levels of FBG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were lower in both groups(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in FBG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels between two groups after treatment. The levels of HDL-C were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were higher than that in control group(P<0.05). The levels of TC, TG and LDL-C were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were all lower than those in control group(P<0.05). The level of MDA was lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the level in the treatment group was lower than that in control group(P<0.05). The levels of SOD and GSH-Px were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group were all higher than those in the control group(P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-2, IL-8 and TNF-α were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group were lower than those in control group(P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group was higher than those in control group(P<0.05). Conclusion::Modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang is effective and safe in the treatment of early DN with spleen and kidney deficiency, damp-heat and blood stasis syndrome. They can further improve renal function and lipid metabolism, inhibit oxidative stress reaction and regulate the secretion balance of inflammatory factors in early DN patients.

9.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 129-140, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835607

ABSTRACT

As a standard treatment, endocrine therapy has dramatically enhanced the prognosis of patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, which accounts for nearly 70% of all breast cancers. Antiestrogen drugs such as tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors are the standard treatment options for ERα-positive breast cancer. However, acquired antiestrogen resistance is still the leading cause of disease recurrence and progression. Evidence has shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an essential role in the development of antiestrogen resistance in ER-positive breast cancer and can serve as biomarkers or potential therapeutic targets. This review highlights the role of lncRNAs in the development of antiestrogen resistance in breast cancer.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1962-1971, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of stromal cell-derived factor (CXCL12), stromal cell-derived factor receptor (CXCR4), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvessel density (MVD) in bone marrow microsputum of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and their correlation with the prognosis.@*METHODS@#The expressions of CXCL12, CXCR4, VEGF and MVD in bone marrow microtubules of 57 newly diagnosed MM patients and 26 normal bone marrow samples were detected by immunohistochemistry. The rank sum test was used to compare the differences between the two groups. The clinical data of the patients were collected to analyze the correlation between the indicators of the MM group and the prognosis.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of CXCL12, CXCR4, VEGF and MVD in the bone marrow biopsy of the patients in MM group were significantly higher than those in the normal control group (P<0.05). The expressions levels of CXCL12, CXCR4, VEGF and MVD were in the bone marrow of the patients in MM group were correlated with the ISS stage, risk stratification and the proportion of plasma cells in the bone marrow (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that age, ISS stage, risk stratification, plasma cell ratio, expressions of CXCL12, CXCR4, VEGF, and MVD associated with the prognosis of patients with MM (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis found that expressions of CXCR4, VEGF, MVD, age, and plasma cell ratio were independent prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSION@#The expressions of CXCL12, CXCR4, VEGF and MVD are increase in the bone marrow of patients with multiple myeloma, and their expressions levels are associate with the occurrence and development of multiple myeloma, and their high expression may indicate a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Chemokine CXCL12 , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Patients , Prognosis , Receptors, CXCR4 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781653

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the NoSAS score and the obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS)screening model for female snorers with obstructive sleep apnea(OSA)in females and compare the performance of these two tools. A total of 425 females with suspected OSA who underwent overnight polysomnography(PSG)were consecutively recruited into this study.The above two questionnaires were completed.Based on the severity of OSA which was determined by apnea-hypopnea index(AHI),the patients were classified into four groups:non-OSA group(AHI15 events/h),and severe OSA group(AHI>30 events/h).The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive values,negative predictive values,and the area under the receiver operating characteristics(ROC)curve of two questionnaires were calculated. The sensitivity of NoSAS score for OSA,moderate-to-severe OSA,and severe OSA groups were 57.3%,64.9%,and 69.5%,and its specificity was 83.5%,76.6%,and 70.9%,respectively.The sensitivity of the OSAHS screening model of female snorers was 62.7%,74.8%,and 75.8%,and its specificity was 92.5%,84.3%,and 74.5%,respectively.Both of these two screening tools had high specificity and performed well in ruling out non-OSA females.For patients with their AHI≥5 events/h,the results of NoSAS score and OSAHS screening model were in moderate to high consistency with those diagnosed by PSG,with a Kappa value of 0.401 and 0.541,respectively.The area under curve of these two tools was 0.792(95% =0.750-0.829)and 0.866(95% =0.830-0.897),respectively,showing moderate screening value.The area under curve of the OSAHS screening model of female snorers was significantly larger than that of NoSAS score( =0.002, =0.003, =0.019). Both the NoSAS score and the OSAHS screening model for female snorers have a moderate performance in diagnosing OSA in females,although the OSAHS screening model for female snorers has better performance.However,the sensitivity of the OSAHS screening model needs to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Polysomnography , ROC Curve , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1169-1172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817588

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine sleep quality and related factors among middle school students,and to provide a scientific reference for making the relevart interventional measures.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional questionnaire anonymous survey was conducted among 9 560 students randomly selected from Shanxi province using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to collect information on sleep quality.@*Results@#Among all the participants, 2 255 (23.6%) middle school students were reported poor sleep quality. The prevalence of poor sleep quality was significantly higher in girls (24.5%) than in boys (22.4%)(χ2=5.93, P<0.05). Significant differences were observed in the prevalence of poor sleep quality between junior middle school (12.9%), senior middle school (36.6%) and vocational school students (24.6%) (χ2=636.07, P<0.01). The global PSQI, sleep duration and sleep disturbance scores were higher in girls than in boys (t=3.76,8.38,3.47,P<0.01). There were significant differences between students with different school stages in global PSQI, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction scores (F=727.43,83.69,1 670.07,8.24,26.19,4.20,609.80,P<0.05). Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, school stage, academic pressure, parental marital state, relationship with teachers, physical activity, smoking and drinking were associated with poor sleep quality among middle school students in Shanxi.@*Conclusion@#Sleep problems are common among middle school students, and appropriate intervention should be taken to improve sleep quality of students from individual, school-and family level.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1123-1131, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780173

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to construct an intelligent fluorescent nanocarrier for tumor cell tracing. Doxorubicin (DOX) was used as a model drug, and the gene targeting siBcl-2 was loaded to achieve synergistic inhibition of tumor cells. Mesoporous silicon nanoparticles (MSN) were prepared by a sol-gel method, and acetaldehyde cystine (AC) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) were covalently modified. The prepared nanocarrier MSN-AC-PEI was uniformly dispersed, with a particle size of 235.53 nm and a potential of 14.63 mV. The carrier material MSN-AC-PEI could load siRNA with the mass ratio of 60∶1 (Wvectors∶WsiRNA) and protect siRNA from RNase I degradation. To simulate the microenvironment of tumor, DOX release in phosphate buffer (pH 5) including 10 mmol·L-1 glutathione (GSH) was investigated. The cumulative release rate of DOX at 120 h is 35 times that of the normal physiological environment, which lays the foundation for the intelligent release of DOX in tumor cells. The results of cell experiments showed that the carrier material MSN-AC-PEI had significant green fluorescence, and the traceability can be maintained for 24 h after taken up by MCF-7 cells. After 24 hours of administration of the nano drug delivery system MSN-AC-PEI@DOX/siBcl-2, the inhibition rate of tumor cell proliferation reached 40.91%, and the late apoptosis rate was 60.84%. The Western blot results showed that compared with free DOX and siBcl-2, the nano-delivery system MSN-AC-PEI@DOX/siBcl-2 can significantly reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, thereby enhancing its anti-tumor ability.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To test the hypothesis that the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis in oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL)-induced human aortic-vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs) was associated with suppression of the protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK)-eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α)-activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4)-CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) signaling pathway by Pollen Typhae total flavone (PTF).@*METHODS@#Primary HA-VSMCs were cultured and identified. The cultured HA-VSMCs were randomized into 5 groups, including a normal control group, an ox-LDL group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL), an HPTF group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+500 μg/mL PTF), an MPTF group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+250 μg/mL PTF), and a LPTF group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+100 μg/mL PTF) in the first part; and a normal control group, an ox-LDL group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL), an MPTF group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+250 μg/mL PTF), a shRNA group (transducted with PERK shRNA lentiviral particles), a scramble shRNA group (transducted with control shRNA lentiviral particles), an MPTF+ox-LDL+shRNA group (250 μg/mL PTF+70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+PERK shRNA lentiviral particles) and an ox-LDL+shRNA group (70 μg/mL high ox-LDL+PERK shRNA lentiviral particles) in the second part. The protein expression levels of ER-associated apoptosis proteins were detected by Western blot, and their mRNA expression levels were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was applied to test cell viability, and the level of apoptosis was monitored by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The MTT assay and flow cytometry showed that the ox-LDL group had a significant increase in apoptosis, which was attenuated in PTF treatment groups and shRNA groups. Moreover, the ox-LDL group had increased protein and mRNA levels of binding immunoglobulin protein and ER-associated apoptosis proteins, such as PERK, eIF2α, ATF4 and CHOP, which were attenuated in PTF treatment groups and shRNA groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The apoptosis induced by ox-LDL had a strong relation to ER stress. The protective effect of PTF on ER stressinduced apoptosis was associated with inhibition of the PERK-eIF2α-ATF4-CHOP pathway, which might be a potential therapeutic strategy for enhancing the stability of atherosclerotic plaques.

15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 388-388, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757934

ABSTRACT

In the original publication, there are some incorrect information.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773106

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to explore exogenous S3307 on alleviating low-temperature stress of coix seedlings. The coix cultivar, "No 5 Yiliao", was selected as the plant material, through nutrient solution cultivating in greenhouse, the effect of different S3307 concentrations(1, 3, 5, 7, 9 mg·L~(-1)) on coix seedlings traits and physiological indicators were explored under low-temperature stress. The results showed, under low-temperature 5 mg·L~(-1) S3307 could significantly increase coix seedlings stem diameter and biomass, which stem diameter and above-ground biomass, low-ground biomass separately were enhanced 11.90%, 13.59%, 10.99%. Leaf width and lateral root number separately were enhanced 7.63%, 37.52%. Meanwhile, addition of 5 mg·L~(-1) S3307 could significantly reduce relative conductivity and MDA, separately being reduced 23.33%, 17.42% compared to CKL. S3307 could also significantly increase soluble sugar and proline content, which leaf soluble sugar and proline content separately were enhanced 17.16%, 11.87%, which root soluble sugar and proline content separately were enhanced 20.00%, 33.42%. Additionally, S3307 could alleviate the cells destroy in ultra-structure level by improving cell membrane structure and chloroplast capsule layer structure. 5 mg·L~(-1) S3307 could enhance the low temperature tolerance of coix seedlings by regulating the growth and physiological indexes, and thus alleviate the damage caused by low-temperature to the coix seedlings.


Subject(s)
Coix , Cold Temperature , Seedlings , Stress, Physiological , Triazoles , Pharmacology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential effects of sclerostin (SOST) on the biological funtions and related mechanisms of cementoblasts under mechanical stress.@*METHODS@#OCCM-30 cells were treated with varying doses of SOST (0, 25, 50, and 100 ng·mL⁻¹) and were loaded with uniaxial compressive stress (2 000 μ strain with a frequency of 0.5 Hz) for six hours. Western blot was utilized to detect the expressions of β-catenin, p-smad1/5/8, and smad1/5/8 proteins. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expressions of runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx-2), osteocalcin (OCN), bone sialoproteins (BSP), receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA.@*RESULTS@#The expression of p-smad
1/5/8 was significantly downregulated with increasing SOST. β-catenin and smad1/5/8 exhibited no difference. ALP activity decreased under mechanical compressive stress with increasing SOST concentrations. Runx-2 expression was reduced with increasing SOST concentrations, and a similar trend was observed for the BSP and OCN expressions. When the SOST concentration was enhanced, RANKL expression gradually increased, whereas the expression of OPG decreased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Under mechanical comprehensive stress, SOST can adjust the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) /smad signal pathway. Osteosclerosis inhibits the mineralization of cementoblasts under mechanical compressive stress, which may be achieved by inhibiting the expressions of osteogenesis factors (Runx2, OCN, BSP, and others) and by promoting the ratio of cementoclast-related factors (RANKL/OPG) through BMP signal pathways.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Dental Cementum , Osteocalcin , Smad Proteins , Metabolism , Stress, Mechanical
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of microvascular endothelial cells (MEC) on the proliferation of hematopoictic stem cells (HSC) under different culture conditions in vitro.@*METHODS@#The MEC from lung tissue of C57BL/6 mice and the HSC from bone marrow of GFP mice were used for non-contact co-culture, 2 D contact co-culture, at same time the single MEC and single HSC culture were seted up and were used as control group. The cell counting and CCK-8 method were used to detect and compare the proliferation levels of suspension cells in different groups on day 1, 3, 5 and 7.@*RESULTS@#MEC presented adherent growth. In process of cell culture in vitro, the number of suspension cells in MEC and HSC co-culture group and single HSC culture group increased, the suspension cells in 2D contact and non-contact co-culture groups more early gated into logarithmic growth phase as compared with suspension cells in control group, the proliferation level of suspention cells in 2D contact culture group was higher than that in non-contact co-culture group and single HSC culture group (P<0.05), the proliferation level of suspension cells in non-contact co-culture group was higher than that in single HSC culture group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The culture of HSC in vitro can proliferate HSC, MEC can promote the proliferation of HSC, MEC also can promote the HSC proliferation by non-contact co-culture in vitro, which relates with the effect of cytokines secreted from MEC; the effect of MEC and HSC contact co-culture on the proliferation of HSC is stronger than that of non-contact co-culture, which relates with the regulation of cell-cell contact.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Endothelial Cells , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1079-1087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771820

ABSTRACT

Here we investigate the physical and chemical properties of chiral self-assembling peptides and the role of uterine trauma regeneration. The circular dichroism was used to analyze secondary structure of chiral self-assembled peptide, and Congo red staining was used to observe the macroscopic process of peptide self-assembling. Erythrocyte lysis assay was used to examine the cleavage of peptide on cell membrane. The nanofiber scaffolds self-assembled by Chiral self-assembling peptides were used as the three-dimensional culture material to observe the growth effect of Hela cell. CCK-8 (cell counting kit-8) was used to study cell viability level between 2D (2-dimensional) and 3D (3-dimensional) culture environment. Rats endometrium curettage model was founded to evaluate the changes by immunohistochemistry staining and and HE staining. The secondary structure of chiral self-assembling peptides was stable β-sheet, and peptide could form dense membrane structure after 24 hours self-assembling cultured in salt ions. There was no harmful for the cell membrane of the peptide before and after self-assembling. Animal experiments show that chiral self-assembling peptide can significantly reduce the inflammatory response, promote the production of neovascularization, and accelerate the repair process. Chiral self-assembling peptide, as a new type of scaffold material, can construct a three-dimensional cell culture environment and used to repair uterine trauma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endometrium , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Nanofibers , Peptides , Rats , Regeneration
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the serum level of soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and its association with the degree of anemia in children with hemoglobin H (HbH) disease.@*METHODS@#A total of 55 children with HbH disease were enrolled as the HbH group, and 30 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. The HbH group was further divided into a deletional HbH disease group and a non-deletional HbH disease group. A retrospective analysis was performed for hematological parameters and serum sTfR level in all groups.@*RESULTS@#Of the 55 children with HbH disease, 39 had deletional HbH disease and 16 had non-deletional HbH disease. Compared with the control group, the deletional and non-deletional HbH disease groups had significantly lower hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and a significantly higher serum level of sTfR. Compared with the deletional HbH disease group, the non-deletional HbH disease group had significantly lower red blood cell count (RBC) and Hb level and significantly higher MCV, MCH, and serum sTfR level. In children with HbH disease, serum sTfR level was negatively correlated with RBC and Hb level (r=-0.739 and -0.667 respectively, P<0.05) and positively correlated with MCV and MCH (r=0.750 and 0.434 respectively, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum sTfR level is associated the degree of anemia in children with HbH disease, and sTfR may be a target for the treatment of HbH disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Erythrocyte Count , Hemoglobin H , Humans , Receptors, Transferrin , Retrospective Studies , alpha-Thalassemia
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