Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 121
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928022

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of salidroside on phenotypic transformation of rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells(PASMCs) induced by hypoxia. Rat pulmonary arteries were isolated by tissue digestion and PASMCs were cultured. The OD values of cells treated with salidroside at different concentrations for 48 hours were measured by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) to determine the appropriate concentration range of salidroside. The cells were divided into a normal(normoxia) group, a model(hypoxia) group, and three hypoxia + salidroside groups(40, 60, and 80 μg·mL~(-1)). Quantitative real-time PCR(qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of cell contractile markers in each group, such as α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), smooth muscle 22(SM22), and calcium-binding protein(calponin), and synthetic marker vimentin. The expression levels of cell phenotypic markers and proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) were detected by Western blot. The proliferation of cells in each group was detected by the 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine(EdU) assay. Cell migration was measured by Transwell assay. As revealed by results, compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased mRNA and protein expression of contractile phenotypic markers of PASMCs and increased mRNA and protein expression of synthetic markers. Compared with the conditions in the model group, salidroside could down-regulate the mRNA and protein expression of synthetic markers in PASMCs and up-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of contractile phenotypic markers. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed potentiated proliferation and migration. Compared with the model group, the hypoxia + salidroside groups showed blunted proliferation and migration of cells after phenotypic transformation. The results suggest that salidroside can inhibit the expression of synthetic markers in PASMCs and promote the expression of contractile markers to inhibit the hypoxia-induced phenotypic transformation of PASMCs. The mechanism of salidroside in inhibiting the proliferation and migration of PASMCs is related to the inhibition of the phenotypic transformation of PASMCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Glucosides , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Phenols , Pulmonary Artery , Rats
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 263-274, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929087

ABSTRACT

Protein O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modification that links environmental stimuli with changes in intracellular signal pathways, and its disturbance has been found in neurodegenerative diseases and metabolic disorders. However, its role in the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system, especially in the ventral tegmental area (VTA), needs to be elucidated. Here, we found that injection of Thiamet G, an O-GlcNAcase (OGA) inhibitor, in the VTA and nucleus accumbens (NAc) of mice, facilitated neuronal O-GlcNAcylation and decreased the operant response to sucrose as well as the latency to fall in rotarod test. Mice with DAergic neuron-specific knockout of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) displayed severe metabolic abnormalities and died within 4-8 weeks after birth. Furthermore, mice specifically overexpressing OGT in DAergic neurons in the VTA had learning defects in the operant response to sucrose, and impaired motor learning in the rotarod test. Instead, overexpression of OGT in GABAergic neurons in the VTA had no effect on these behaviors. These results suggest that protein O-GlcNAcylation of DAergic neurons in the VTA plays an important role in regulating the response to natural reward and motor learning in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dopaminergic Neurons/physiology , GABAergic Neurons/physiology , Mice , Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism , Reward , Ventral Tegmental Area/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877084

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the effect of cadmium (Cd) on the proliferation and apoptosis of mouse spermatocyte (GC-2 spd) cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods GC-2 spd cells were cultured with 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 μM CdCl2, respectively, for 24 hours. The cell viability and IC50 of Cd were estimated based on CCK-8 data. The apoptosis of GC-2 spd cells and cellular concentration of ROS were analyzed by flow cytometry after treatment of the cells with different concentrations of CdCl2 (0, 5, 10 μM) for 24 hours. The expression levels of JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway regulatory proteins, pro-apoptotic factor Bax and anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2, were determined by Western blot. Results Cd inhibited the proliferation of GC-2 spd cells with IC50 value of 12.99 μM, 95% CI [11.95, 14.00]. Exposure to 5 and 10 μM CaCl2 resulted in increases in apoptosis and cellular ROS generation in a dose-dependent manner, which was statistically significant compared with the control (P 0.05), the phosphorylation level of JNK and c-Jun in Cd group was highly increased as compared to the control (P < 0.05). In addition, Cd exposure significantly increased the expression of Bax protein but decreased the expression Bcl-2 protein (P < 0.05). Conclusions Cadmium induces GC-2 spd cell apoptosis by increasing concentration of ROS and regulating the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil for anesthesia in patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.Methods:Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ patients, aged 20-59 yr, weighing 44-69 kg, scheduled for elective painless gastroscopy, were divided into 2 groups ( n=40 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil group (group RPS) and propofol-sufentanil group (group PS). The patients in group RPS received successive intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg, remimazolam 0.15 mg/kg and propofol (at a rate of 4 mg/s). The patients in group PS received intravenous injection of sufentanil 0.1 μg/kg and propofol (at a rate of 4 mg/s). When Observer′ s Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale score was 0, gastroscopy was performed.The consumption of propofol, time of anesthesia, time for gastroscopy, emergence time and discharge time were recorded.The number of intraoperative assisted respiration cases, body movement and occurrence of adverse reactions at the time of discharge were observed. Results:Compared with group PS, the consumption of propofol was significantly decreased, and the time of anesthesia, emergence time and discharge time were shortened in group RPS ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time for gastroscopy, the number of intraoperative assisted respiration cases, body movement and the occurrence of adverse reactions at discharge time between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Remimazolam-propofol-sufentanil produces better efficacy for anesthesia than propofol-sufentanil in patients undergoing painless gastroscopy.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical features of preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g undergoing different intensities of resuscitation.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g and a gestational age less than 32 weeks who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of 20 hospitals in Jiangsu, China from January 2018 to December 2019. According to the intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room, the infants were divided into three groups:non-tracheal intubation (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-tracheal intubation group, the tracheal intubation and ECPR groups had significantly lower rates of cesarean section and use of antenatal corticosteroid (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a birth weight less than 1 500 g, the higher intensity of resuscitation in the delivery room is related to lower rate of antenatal corticosteroid therapy, lower gestational age, and lower birth weight. The infants undergoing tracheal intubation or ECRP in the delivery room have an increased incidence rate of adverse clinical outcomes. This suggests that it is important to improve the quality of perinatal management and delivery room resuscitation to improve the prognosis of the infants.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , China , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with unexplained global developmental delay (GDD), seizure, and facial deformity.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the patient. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of the patient and his parents.@*RESULTS@#WES revealed that the patient has carried a previously unreported de novo heterozygous nonsense c.4906C>T (p.Arg1636Ter) variant of the KMT2A gene, Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the c.4906C>T variant of KMT2A gene was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PS2+ PM2+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous nonsense c.4906C>T (p.Arg1636Ter) variant of the KMT2A gene probably underlay the disease in the child. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of pathogenic variants of the KMT2A gene.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Child , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Syndrome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2018 to December 2019. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 14 778 bacterial strains were collected from 50 hospitals, of which 4 117 (27.9%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 10 661(72.1%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (37.2%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (17.0%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.7%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (8.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.7%), Enterococcus faecium (3.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii(3.4%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.9%), Streptococci(2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.3%). The the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were 27.4% (394/1 438) and 70.4% (905/1 285), respectively. No glycopeptide-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. More than 95% of S. aureus were sensitive to amikacin, rifampicin and SMZco. The resistance rate of E. faecium to vancomycin was 0.4% (2/504), and no vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in no carbapenem-resistance E. coli, carbapenem sensitive K. pneumoniae and Proteus were 50.4% (2 731/5 415), 24.6% (493/2001) and 35.2% (31/88), respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistance in E. coli and K. pneumoniae were 1.5% (85/5 500), 20.6% (518/2 519), respectively. 8.3% (27/325) of carbapenem-resistance K. pneumoniae was resistant to ceftazidime/avibactam combination. The resistance rates of A. baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 2.8% (14/501) and 3.4% (17/501) respectively, and that of P. aeruginosa to carbapenem were 18.9% (103/546). Conclusions:The surveillance results from 2018 to 2019 showed that the main pathogens of bloodstream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while E. coli was the most common pathogen, and ESBLs-producing strains were in majority; the MRSA incidence is getting lower in China; carbapenem-resistant E. coli keeps at a low level, while carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae is on the rise obviously.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 217-222, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878250

ABSTRACT

Accumulating evidence demonstrates that the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurons serve as central respiratory chemoreceptors, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain undefined. The present study investigated the expression of acid-sensitive ether-à-go-go-gene-like (Elk, Kv12) channels in the NTS of mice. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe the distribution and cellular localization of the Kv12 channels in NTS neurons. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) were used to evaluate protein and mRNA expression levels of Kv12 channels. The results showed that all of the three members (Kv12.1, Kv12.2, Kv12.3) of the Kv12 channel family were expressed in NTS neurons, and their expressions were co-localized with paired-like homeobox 2b gene (Phox2b) expression. The expression of Kv12.1 mRNA was the largest, whereas the expression of Kv12.3 was the least in the NTS. The results suggest Kv12 channels are expressed in Phox2b-expressing neurons in the NTS of mice, which provides molecular evidence for pH sensitivity in Phox2b-expressing NTS neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Neurons , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , Solitary Nucleus , Transcription Factors/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 373-377, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941119

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influencing factors of in-stent restenosis (ISR) following successful stent implantation in patients with ablation-associated severe pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) who undergo atrial fibrillation ablation. Methods: Data of patients who underwent pulmonary vein angiography to confirm PVS after radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) and received pulmonary vein stenting at Shanghai Chest Hospital from March 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively analysed. All patients were followed up for a long period of time (pulmonary vein contract-enhanced CT within 6 to 12 months after operation was performed, and pulmonary angiography was performed if CT indicated stenosis>50%). The incidence of ISR was recorded. According to angiography, the patients were divided into ISR group and non-ISR group. The clinical and intraoperative imaging characteristics and interventional data were compared between the two groups. Logistic regression was used to analyse the influencing factors of ISR. Results: A total of 47 patients ((47.1±12.2) years old) were enrolled in this study, including 28 males(59.6%). There were 19 cases in ISR group and 28 cases in non-ISR group. Compared with the non-ISR group, the ISR group received more pulmonary vein isolation ((2.8±0.9) vs. (1.8±1.3), P=0.02), and the interval between last ablation and stenting was longer ((19.4±9.6) vs. (13.0±12.4), P=0.03). The incidence of ISR in patients with stent diameter≤8 mm was significantly higher than those with stent diameter>8 mm (33.3%(20/60) vs. 8.1%(3/37), P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis found that the number of radiofrequency ablation>1 (OR=2.1, 95%CI 1.3-3.9, P=0.02), and the time from the last ablation to stent placement>12 months (OR=1.5, 95%CI 1.1-2.5, P=0.03), reference diameter of stenosed distal vessel (OR=0.7, 95%CI 0.5-0.9, P=0.04), post procedural minimal luminal diameter (OR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.8, P=0.02) and stent diameter (OR=0.6, 95%CI 0.3-0.9, P=0.03) were independent factors of ISR. Conclusions: The greater number of radiofrequency ablations and the longer time from the last ablation to stent placement increase the risk of ISR. The larger reference diameter of the stenosed distal vessel, stent diameter and post procedural minimal luminal diameter are the protective factors of ISR.


Subject(s)
Adult , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , China , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Restenosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Veins , Retrospective Studies , Stenosis, Pulmonary Vein , Stents , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacteria isolated from blood culture in China.Methods:The clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from member hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistant Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) were collected during January 2016 to December 2017. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted by agar dilution or broth dilution methods recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) 2019. WHONET 5.6 was used to analyze data.Results:During the study period, 8 154 bacterial strains were collected from 33 hospitals, of which 2 325 (28.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 5 829 (71.5%) were Gram-negative bacteria. The top 10 bacterial species were Escherichia coli (34.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.8%), Staphylococcus aureus (11.3%), coagulase-negative Staphylococci (7.4%), Acinetobacter baumannii (4.6%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.9%), Enterococcus faecium (3.8%), Streptococci (2.9%), Enterobacter cloacae (2.7%) and Enterococcus faecalis (2.5%). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) accounted for 34.2%(315/922) and 77.7%(470/605), respectively. No vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus was detected. The resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin was 0.6%(2/312), and no vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium was detected. The ESBLs-producing rates in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus were 55.7%(1 576/2 831), 29.9%(386/1 289) and 38.5%(15/39), respectively. The incidences of carbapenem-resistance in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae were 1.2%(33/2 831), 17.5%(226/1 289), respectively. The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to polymyxin and tigecycline were 14.8%(55/372) and 5.9%(22/372) respectively, and those of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to polymyxin and carbapenem were 1.3%(4/315) and 18.7%(59/315), respectively. Conclusion:The surveillance results from 2016 to 2017 showed that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China were gram-negative bacteria, while Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen; the MRSA incidence was lower than other surveillance data in the same period in China; carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli was at a low level during this surveillance, while carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is on the rise.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 84-86,90, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867211

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of metformin on glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).Methods 98 patients with PCOS were randomly divided into two groups,with 49 cases in each group.The control group were treated with clomifene,while the observation group were treated with clomifene combined metformin.The endometrial thickness and ovarian volume were observed in two groups before and after treatment.The changes of glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone indexes in two groups were analyzed before and after treatment.Results The endometrial thickness of observation group was significantly better than control group after treatment,while the sex hormone levels,ovarian volume and antral follicle count (AFC) were lower than control group (P < 0.05).The glycolipid metabolism indexes of total cholesterol (TC),triacylglycerol (TG),fasting blood glucose (FBG),fasting insulin (FIN) and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in observation group were significantly better than control group after treatment (P < 0.05).The rate of ovulation and pregnancy in observation group was significantly higher than control group after treatment (P < 0.05).Conclusions Clomifene combined metformin can significantly improve glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone of patients with PCOS.It is helpful in promoting ovulation and improving clinical pregnancy rate.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 715-720, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866194

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of rapamycin target protein (mTOR) in lanthanum-induced injury of cerebral cortical neurons in offspring rats, and the effect on brain development, learning and memory ability of offspring rats.Methods:Thirty-two adult female and 32 male Wistar rats, were randomly divided into 4 groups according to their body weight, with 16 rats in each group (half female and half male). Female rats were fed with different amounts of lanthanum chloride[0.0 (control), 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 g/L], while male rats drank normal water. Female and male rats were mated in cages at a ratio of 1∶1. Female rats began to be exposed to lanthanum from pregnancy, while their offspring were exposed to lanthanum until 4 weeks after weaning. Morris water maze experiment was carried out in the 4 groups of offspring rats, and the effects of lanthanum on learning and memory were observed by space exploration. The cerebral cortex of offspring rats was taken, and the amount of Nissl body was observed under microscope after Nissl staining. The expression of mTOR mRNA in offspring rats cerebral cortex nerve cells was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. Western blotting was used to detect the protein content of p-mTOR in offspring rats cortical neurons.Results:Compared with the control group, the body weight of offspring rats exposed to lanthanum at 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 g/L was significantly decreased [(121.75 ± 11.20), (110.00 ± 11.59), (98.88 ± 7.95) and (85.63 ± 7.25) g, P < 0.05], and the brain tissue coefficient and cortical coefficient were significantly increased [(1.43 ± 0.10)%, (1.56 ± 0.18)%, (1.66 ± 0.14)%, (1.89 ± 0.16)%; (0.86 ± 0.08)%, (0.94 ± 0.08)%, (1.01 ± 0.07)%, (1.08 ± 0.09)%, P < 0.05]. The brain weight [(1.63 ± 0.05), (1.61 ± 0.03) g] of 5.0 and 10.0 g/L lanthanum-exposed groups were significantly lower than those in the control group and 2.5 g/L lanthanum-exposed group [(1.73 ± 0.06), (1.70 ± 0.06) g, P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group (53.25 ± 9.93), the amounts of Nissl body in cerebral cortical neurons in different lanthanum-exposed groups (36.13 ± 3.98, 27.50 ± 5.21, 13.63 ± 5.93) were significantly decreased ( P < 0.05). The results of space exploration experiment showed that compared with the control group [(5.75 ± 1.98) times, (10.69 ± 2.96) s, (3.75 ± 1.28) times], the times of entering the target quadrant [(3.63 ± 1.41) times] and the stay time in the target quadrant [(5.12 ± 2.09) s] in 10.0 g/L lanthanum-exposed group were significantly reduced ( P < 0.05), and the times of entering the platform [(1.88 ± 0.84), (1.13 ± 1.12) times] in 5.0 and 10.0 g/L lanthanum-exposed groups were significantly reduced ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in mTOR mRNA (1.00 ± 0.28, 0.74 ± 0.19, 0.58 ± 0.13, 0.45 ± 0.29) and p-mTOR protein expression levels (0.69 ± 0.07, 0.33 ± 0.06, 0.30 ± 0.04, 0.17 ± 0.03) in cortical tissues ( F = 8.33, 139.12, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Lanthanum exposure can damage cortical neurons, affect the brain development of offspring rats, reduce the expression of mTOR mRNA and p-mTOR protein in the brain of offspring rats, reduce the ability of space exploration and observation, resulting in the decline of learning and memory ability of offspring rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of optimized construction of green channel under plan-do-check-action (PDCA) on shortening the door-to-needle time (DNT) and improving early neurological improvement in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treated with intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with AIS treated with intravenous thrombolysis from June 2018 to September 2019 in Liangxiang Teaching Hospital of Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 60 patients were admitted to hospital before optimized as non-optimized group, and 60 patients were admitted to hospital after optimized as optimized group. The time from visit to CT examination completion, time from CT examination completion to informed consent, time from informed consent to intravenous thrombolysis, DNT, DNT ≤ 60 min ratio, National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score 2 h after intravenous thrombolysis and at discharge from hospital, early neurological improvement (ENI) rate, hospital stays, adverse outcomes and mortality were compared between 2 groups.Results:The time from CT examination completion to informed consent and DNT in optimized group were significantly shorter than those in non-optimized group: 29 (14, 36) min vs. 37 (21, 54) min, 55 (45, 67) min vs. 76 (54, 93) min, the DNT ≤ 60 min ratio was significantly higher than that in non-optimized group: 68.3% (41/60) vs. 35.0% (21/60), the ENI rate was significantly lower than that in non-optimized group: 28.3% (17/60) vs. 46.7% (28/60), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05 or<0.01). There were no statistical differences in the time from visit to CT examination completion, time from informed consent to intravenous thrombolysis, NIHSS score 2 h after intravenous thrombolysis, hospital stays, NIHSS score at discharge from hospital, adverse outcomes rate and mortality between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The optimized construction of green channel under PDCA can effectively shorten the DNT of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with AIS, and may be significantly important for improving the long-term prognosis of patients.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 84-86,90, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799143

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of metformin on glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).@*Methods@#98 patients with PCOS were randomly divided into two groups, with 49 cases in each group. The control group were treated with clomifene, while the observation group were treated with clomifene combined metformin. The endometrial thickness and ovarian volume were observed in two groups before and after treatment. The changes of glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone indexes in two groups were analyzed before and after treatment.@*Results@#The endometrial thickness of observation group was significantly better than control group after treatment, while the sex hormone levels, ovarian volume and antral follicle count (AFC) were lower than control group (P<0.05). The glycolipid metabolism indexes of total cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FIN) and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in observation group were significantly better than control group after treatment (P<0.05). The rate of ovulation and pregnancy in observation group was significantly higher than control group after treatment (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Clomifene combined metformin can significantly improve glycolipid metabolism and sex hormone of patients with PCOS. It is helpful in promoting ovulation and improving clinical pregnancy rate.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817673

ABSTRACT

@#To observe the effect of miR-34a on the proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in rats induced by hypoxia and explore its possible mechanism.【Methods】Rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells were primarily isolated from pulmonary arteriole and cultured. After 3% O2 treatment,the expression of miR- 34a and Notch1 mRNA in rat PASMC were detected by real time PCR. The cell proliferation was detected by EDU after over-expression and inhibition of miR-34a and silencing Notch1 by cell transfection under hypoxia,and the expression of PCNA was detected by real time PCR and western blot method.【Results】We successfully isolated and cultured rat PASMC. And after 3% O2 treatment,the expression of miR-34a in rat PASMC was significantly decreased after 48 h compared with 24 h(P < 0.05). However,the expression of Notch1 mRNA increased significantly after 48 h compared with 24 h(P < 0.05). In addition, over-expression of miR-34a and silencing Notch1 significantly inhibited hypoxia-induced cell proliferation ,while inhibition of miR-34a significantly promoted the PASMC proliferation(P < 0.05).【Conclusion】miR-34a participates in the proliferation of PASMC induced by hypoxia,and it may be through up-regulation of Notch1 to induce cell proliferation.

17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 505-513, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777161

ABSTRACT

Activation of peripheral respiratory chemoreceptors provokes respiratory and cardiovascular reflexes, providing a novel understanding of pathogenic mechanism of hypertension. Here we hypothesize that activation of peripheral respiratory chemoreceptors by hypoxia causes enhanced cardiorespiratory activity in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Using whole body plethysmography in combination with radio telemetry, pulmonary ventilation, arterial blood pressure and heart rate were examined in SHRs and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We found that exposure to hypoxia induced greater increases in tidal volume and minute ventilation volume in SHRs compared to WKY rats. In addition, hypoxia caused a robust increase in arterial blood pressure and heart rate in SHRs relative to WKY counterparts. After carotid body denervation, the hypoxic ventilatory response was significantly decreased in both SHRs and WKY rats, but without significant difference between the two strains; moreover, the differences of arterial blood pressure and heart rate changes during hypoxic exposure were statistically insignificant between SHRs and WKY rats. It is concluded that hypoxia remarkably potentiates cardiorespiratory activity in the SHRs, suggesting an enhanced sensitivity of carotid bodies to hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Pressure , Heart Rate , Hypertension , Hypoxia , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745471

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution and antimicrobial resistance profile of clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture in China.Methods Clinical bacterial strains isolated from blood culture from participating hospitals of Blood Bacterial Resistance Investigation Collaborative System (BRICS) during January 2014 to December 2015 were collected.Antibiotic susceptibility tests were conducted with agar dilution or broth dilution methods as recommended by US Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI)2018.The data were analyzed with Whonet 5.6 software.Results During the study period,4 801 clinical bacterial isolates were collected from 26 hospitals,of which 1 798 (37.5%) were Gram-positive bacteria and 3 003 (62.5%) were gram-negative bacteria.The top 10 isolates were Escherichia coli (33.8%),coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (19.0%),Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.9%),Staphylococcus aureus (10.1%),Acinetobacter baumannii (4.0%),Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3.8%),Streptococcus (3.0%),Enterobacter sulcus (2.9%),Enterococcus faecium (2.8%) and Enterococcus faecalis (1.8%).Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillinresistant coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (MRCNS) accounted for 33.9% (165/487) and 56.9% (520/913) of Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus respectively.No vancomycinresistant Staphylococcus was detected.The resistance rate of Enterococcus faecium to vancomycin was 0.7% (1/135),and no vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecaliss was detected.The positive rates of extendedspectrum β-1actamases(ESBLs)-producing Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus were 56.9% (923/1 621),30.1% (172/572) and 29.2% (7/24),respectively.The positive rates of carbapenemresistant Escherichia coli,Klebsiella pneumoniae,Enterobacter,Salmonella and Citrobacter were 1.2% (20/1 621),7.2% (41/572),4.3% (6/141),1.5% (1/67) and 2.9% (1/34),respectively.The resistance rates of Acinetobacter baumannii to polymyxin and tegacycline were 2.6% (5/190) and 8.9% (17/190)respectively,and that of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to polymyxin and fosfomycin were 1.1% (2/183)and 0.6% (1/183),respectively.Conclusions The surveillance results from 2014 to 2015 show that the main pathogens of blood stream infection in China are Gram-negative bacteria,while Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen,the detection rate of MRSA is lower than other surveillance data in the same period in China;carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli are at a low level as shown in this surveillance.

19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 824-832, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781393

ABSTRACT

Drugs of abuse leads to adaptive changes in the brain stress system, and produces negative affective states including aversion and anxiety after drug use is terminated. Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) is the main transmitter in control of response to stressors and is neuronal enriched in the central amygdala (CeA), a sub-region of the extended amygdala playing an important role in integrating emotional information and modulating stress response. The effect of CRH neurons in CeA on the negative emotions on morphine naïve and withdrawal mice is unclear. Thus, we utilized CRH-Cre transgenic mice injected with AAV-mediated Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated By Designer Drugs (DREADDs) to chemogenetically manipulate CRH neurons in CeA. And methods of behavior analysis, including conditioned place aversion (CPA), elevated plus maze and locomotor activity tests, were used to investigate morphine withdrawal-induced negative emotions in mice. The results showed that, inhibiting CRH neurons of CeA decreased the formation of morphine withdrawal-induced CPA, as well as the anxiety level of CRH-Cre mice. Furthermore, specifically activating CRH neurons in CeA evoked CPA and anxiety of morphine naïve mice. Neither inhibiting nor activating CRH neurons had effects on their locomotor activity. These results suggest that CRH neurons in CeA are involved in the mediation of morphine withdrawal-induced negative emotion in mice, providing a theoretical basis for drug addiction and relapse mechanism.


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Animals , Central Amygdaloid Nucleus , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , Metabolism , Emotions , Physiology , Mice , Morphine , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1773-1779, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cascade analysis is an effective method to analyze the processing data of an event, such as a provided service or a series of examinations. This study aimed to develop a primary cervical cancer screening cascade in China to promote the quality of the screening process.@*METHODS@#We designed a cervical cancer screening cascade in China according to the program flow chart. It had three stages, each with two steps and one result. Data from 117,522 women aged 35 to 64 years in the Rural Cervical Cancer Surveillance Project from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014, were collected to analyze the main results of the cascade. The data and proportion are used to describe the follow-up of cervical cancer and pre-cancer detection rate.@*RESULTS@#In 2014, 117,522 (80.94% of all cases reported by the Rural Cervical Cancer Surveillance Project) women aged 35 to 64 years had not received cervical cytology in the previous 3 years. The pre-cancer and cancer detection rates were 256.12/100,000 and 16.16/100,000, respectively. A total of 3031 cases failed to follow-up through the screening process, and 1189, 1555, and 287 cases were lost at cervical cytology, colposcopy, and histopathological screening stages, respectively. The estimated cases of pre-cancer and cancer cases would have been 544 and 34, respectively, and the estimated detection rates of pre-cancer and cancer would have been 462.89/100,000 and 28.93/100,000, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#In order to increase the detection rate of cervical cancer, cervical cancer screening staff should focus on increasing the rate of follow-up of those who are positive for cervical cancer screening (ie, those with positive cytology results), especially for the 40 to 44 years age range.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL