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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 58-64, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971664

ABSTRACT

Drimane-type sesquiterpenoids are widely distributed in fungi. From the ethyl acetate extract of the earwig-derived Aspergillus sp. NF2396, seven new drimane-type sesquiterpenoids, named drimanenoids A-G (1-7), were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by diverse spectroscopic analysis including high-resolution ESI-MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Drimanenoids A-F (1-6) are new members of drimane-type sesquiterpenoid esterified with unsaturated fatty acid side chain at C-6. Drimanenoids C (3), D (4) and F (6) showed antibacterial activity against five types of bacteria with different inhibition diameters. Drimanenoid D (4) exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against human myelogenous leukemia cell line K562 with an IC50 value of 12.88 ± 0.11 μmol·L-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes/chemistry , Aspergillus/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 213-223, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the apoptosis and cycle arrest effects of Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids on human gastric cancer cells, determine the action mechanisms in association with the mitochondrial dependent signal transduction pathway that controls production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and evaluate the pharmacodynamics of a mouse xenotransplantation model to provide a reference for the use of flavonoids in prevention and treatment of gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Flavonoids were extracted by an enzymatic-ultrasonic assisted method and purified with D-101 resin. Bioactive components were characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography. Cell lines MKN-45, AGS, and GES-1 were treated with different concentrations of flavonoids (64, 96, 128, 160 µg/mL). The effect of flavonoids on cell viability was evaluated by MTT method, and cell nuclear morphology was observed by Hoechst staining. The apoptosis rate and cell cycle phases were measured by flow cytometry, the production of ROS was detected by laser confocal microscope, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expression of apoptotic proteins related to activation of mitochondrial pathway were measured by immunoblotting. MKN-45 cells were transplanted into BALB/c nude mice to establish a xenograft tumor model. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to reveal the subcutaneous tumor tissue. The tumor volume and tumor weight were measured, the expression levels of proliferation markers proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the expression levels of CA72-4 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#Oldenlandia diffusa flavonoids inhibited proliferation of MKN-45 and AGS human gastric cancer cells, arrested the cell cycle in G1/S phase, induced accumulation of ROS in the process of apoptosis, and altered MMP. In addition, flavonoids increased Apaf-1, Cleaved-Caspase-3, and Bax, and decreased Cyclin A, Cdk2, Bcl-2, Pro-Caspase-9, and Mitochondrial Cytochrome C (P<0.05). The MKN-45 cell mouse xenotransplantation model further clarified the growth inhibitory effect of flavonoids towards tumors. The expression levels of PCNA and Ki-67 decreased in each flavonoid dose group, the expression level of CA72-4 decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Flavonoids derived from Oldenlandia diffusa can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer cells by activating the mitochondrial controlled signal transduction pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Oldenlandia/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Stomach Neoplasms , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Ki-67 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Caspases , Cell Proliferation
3.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 46-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005499

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor(M3 receptor), encoded by CHRM3 gene, is widely distributed in the cardiovascular system and plays an important role in cardiac regulation. The aim of this study was to assess the association of genetic variants in M3 receptor with blood pressure(BP) responses to controlled dietary sodium and potassium interventions. 【Methods】 A total of 333 subjects from 124 families were recruited from the rural areas of northern China. After a three-day baseline observation, they were sequentially on a seven-day low-salt diet, a seven-day high-salt diet, and a seven-day high-salt diet plus potassium supplementation. Thirteen CHRM3 single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) were selected for analysis. 【Results】 SNP rs10802811 of the CHRM3 was significantly associated with diastolic BP(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MAP) responses to both low-salt and high-salt diets while SNPs rs6429147, rs373288072, rs114677844 and rs663148 showed significant associations with systolic BP(SBP) and MAP responses to high-salt diet. In addition, SNP rs6692904 was significantly associated with SBP, DBP and MAP responses to high-salt diet with potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Genetic variants in M3 receptor are significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium intervention, suggesting that M3 receptor may be mechanistically involved in BP salt and potassium sensitivity.

4.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 38-45, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005498

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Based on our previously established salt-sensitive hypertension cohort, we aimed to examine the association of genetic variants in uromodulin with blood pressure(BP) responses to dietary interventions of sodium and potassium intake. 【Methods】 In 2004, 514 subjects from 124 families in Mei County, Shaanxi Province, were recruited to establish the salt-sensitive hypertension study cohort. Among them, 333 non-parent subjects were selected and sequentially maintained on a normal-diet for 3 days, low-salt diet for 7 days, then a high-salt diet for 7 days and a high-salt diet with potassium supplementation for another 7 days. Thirteen single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) in the uromodulin gene were genotyped on the MassARRAY platform. 【Results】 BP levels decreased from the baseline to low-salt diet, increased from low-salt to high-salt diet, and decreased again from the high-salt diet to the high-salt plus potassium supplementation intervention. SNPs rs77875418 and rs4997081 of the uromodulin gene were significantly associated with diastolic BP(DBP) and mean arterial pressure(MAP) responses to high-salt diet. In addition, SNPs rs77875418, rs79245268, rs4293393, rs6497476, rs4997081, rs13333226, and rs12917707 were significantly associated with systolic BP(SBP), DBP, and MAP responses to high-salt diet with potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Genetic variants in uromodulin gene are significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium supplementation, suggesting that uromodulin may be mechanistically involved in BP sodium-sensitivity and potassium-sensitivity.

5.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 30-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005497

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 4-like protein with down-regulated expression and development in neural precursor cells (NEDD4L) plays an important role in blood pressure (BP) regulation and sodium homeostasis by regulating epithelial sodium channel protein. In this study, we aimed to explore the relationship of NEDD4L gene polymorphisms with BP responses to sodium and potassium intake. 【Methods】 In 2004, 514 subjects from 124 families in Meixian County, Shaanxi Province, were recruited to establish a salt-sensitive hypertension study cohort. All the subjects received a 3-day baseline survey, a 7-day low-salt diet, a 7-day high-salt diet, and finally a 7-day high-salt and potassium supplementation. Their BP was measured and peripheral blood samples were collected at different intervention periods. The 14 gene polymorphisms of NEDD4L gene were genotyped and analyzed by MassARRAY platform. 【Results】 BP decreased on a low-salt diet, and significantly increased on a high-salt diet, and decreased again after potassium supplementation. NEDD4L SNPs rs74408486 were significantly associated with systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure responses to the low-salt diet. SNPs rs292449 and rs2288775 were significantly associated with pulse pressure response to the high-salt diet. In addition, SNPs rs563283 and rs292449 were significantly associated with diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure responses to high-salt and potassium supplementation diet. 【Conclusion】 NEDD4L gene polymorphisms were significantly associated with BP responses to sodium and potassium intake, suggesting that NEDD4L gene may be involved in the development of salt sensitivity and potassium sensitivity.

6.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 22-29, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005496

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Corin, a transmembrane serine protease that can cleave atrial natriuretic peptide precursor (pro-ANP) into atrial natriuretic peptide with smaller bioactive molecules, participates in the pathophysiological process of hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of Corin gene variation with blood pressure responses to sodium and potassium dietary interventions. 【Methods】 In 2004, we recruited 514 participants from 124 families in 7 villages of Baoji, Shaanxi Province, China. All the subjects received a 3-day normal diet, a 7-day low-salt diet, a 7-day high-salt diet, and finally a 7-day high-salt and potassium supplementation. Fifteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Corin gene were selected for final analysis. 【Results】 SNPs rs12509275 were significantly associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) response to low-salt diet, while rs3749584 was associated with pulse pressure (PP) response to low-salt diet.SNP rs3749584 and rs10517195 were significantly associated with PP response to high-salt diet. In addition,rs17654278 were significantly associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to high-salt and potassium supplementation, rs2271037 was significantly correlated with DBP responses to high-salt and potassium supplementation, and rs4695253, rs12509275, rs2351783, rs36090894 were significantly associated with PP response to high-salt and potassium supplementation. 【Conclusion】 Corin gene polymorphisms were associated with blood pressure response to sodium and potassium, suggesting that Corin gene may be involved in pathophysiological process of salt sensitivity and potassium sensitivity.

7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 6-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005494

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 Dyslipidemia has shown to be associated with cardiovascular, metabolic and renal diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between residual cholesterol and the risk of subclinical renal damage (SRD). 【Methods】 A total of 2 342 participants were recruited from the previously established Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Study cohort. According to estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR) and urinary albumin-to-creatine ratio(uACR), the subjects were divided into SRD group and non-SRD group. The associations of residual cholesterol with eGFR, uACR, and the risk of SRD were analyzed by multiple linear and Logistic regression analyses. 【Results】 Residual cholesterol was positively correlated with uACR(r=0.081, P<0.001) but negatively correlated with eGFR (r=-0.091, P<0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that residual cholesterol was an influencing factor of uACR (β=0.075, P<0.001) and eGFR (β=-0.027, P<0.001) after adjustment for gender, age, smoke, alcohol, exercise, BMI, hypertension, diabetes and serum uric acid. In addition, Logistic regression analysis revealed that residual cholesterol was significantly associated with the risk of SRD independently of potential confounders [OR(95% CI)=1.387 (1.113-1.728), P<0.001]. Further subgroup analysis showed that residual cholesterol was significantly associated with the risk of SRD in women but not in men. 【Conclusion】 Residual cholesterol is a contributing factor in the risk of subclinical renal damage with gender-specific association.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2047-2058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999118

ABSTRACT

The in vitro transcribed (IVT) mRNA technology has progressed rapidly and the application of mRNA vaccines in the COVID-19 pandemic made it become the most talked-about topic. Compared with protein drugs, IVT mRNA has a lower cost; it can be modular produced and its sequence can be modified easily, so it has a broad application prospect. However, due to its short history, mRNA drugs face the problem of lacking sufficient clinical data, and there is no quality control standard for mRNA drugs except mRNA vaccines. We overview the sequence design, delivery vectors, administration, application prospect and safety considerations of mRNA drugs. We also discussed the quality control of mRNA drugs briefly.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1798-1802, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996887

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the differences of corneal biomechanical parameters, serum Leptin and extracellular superoxide dismutase(ecSOD)levels in patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy(NPDR)or proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR).METHODS: This article is a prospective study. A total of 118 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)and diabetic retinopathy(DR)who were admitted to our hospital from May 2020 to May 2022 were selected, and they were divided into NPDR group(n=57)and PDR group(n=61)according to the degree of lesion. Another 54 patients with T2DM but no retinopathy and 52 healthy individuals were set as NDR group and control group. Then the differences in the corneal biomechanics measured with [central corneal thickness(CCT), intraocular pressure(IOP), spherical equivalent(SE), the first applanation time(A1T), the first applanation length(A1L), deformation amplitude(DA)] and serum Leptin and ecSOD levels were analyzed, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was conducted to analyze the high-risk factors affecting the occurrence of PDR.RESULTS: The CCT, IOP and A1T in PDR and NPDR groups were higher than those in control and NDR groups, and DA was lower than those in control and NDR groups(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and the CCT, IOP and A1T in the PDR group were higher than those in the NPDR group(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The levels of serum Leptin and ecSOD in PDR group, NPDR group and NDR group were higher than those in the control group(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The course of DM, CCT, IOP, A1T, and serum Leptin and ecSOD levels between NPDR group and PDR group were statistically significant(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis denoted that DM course, CCT, IOP, A1T, Leptin, and ecSOD are risk factors that affect the occurrence of PDR, while DA is a protective factor that affects the occurrence of PDR(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). CONCLUSION: CCT, IOP and levels of serum Leptin and ecSOD in PDR patients were significantly increased compared to those in the NPDR patients, while DA was significantly reduced. Furthermore, CCT, IOP, A1T and levels of serum Leptin and ecSOD were risk factors affecting the occurrence of PDR, while DA was a protective factor affecting the occurrence of the PDR.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and microvascular density (MVD) for the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer.Methods:The pathological tissues of 24 patients with early gastric cancer (early gastric cancer group), 23 patients with advanced gastric cancer (advanced gastric cancer group) and 10 patients with gastritis (gastritis group) who admitted to Fenyang Hospital Affiliated of Shanxi Medical University from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect VEGF expression and MVD in the lesion tissues of each group, and the correlation of VEGF expression and MVD in gastric cancer tissues with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients was analyzed. Postoperative pathological diagnosis was treated as the gold standard. The efficacy of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in gastric cancer and early gastric cancer was assessed by using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:The VEGF positive expression rate was 10.00% (1/10), 29.17% (7/24) and 78.26% (18/23) in gastritis group, early gastric cancer group and advanced gastric cancer group, respectively, and the MVD was (21±5) strips/field, (23±9) strips/field and (43±15) strips/field, respectively. The positive expression rate of VEGF and MVD were related with the tumor diameter [>2 cm vs. ≤2 cm:69.70% (23/33) vs. 14.29% (2/14), (39±15) strips/field vs. (20±8) strips/field] and infiltration depth of gastric cancer [intramucosal carcinoma vs. submucosal carcinoma vs. advanced gastric cancer: 26.31% (5/19) vs. 40.00% (2/5) vs. 78.26% (18/23), (20±7) strips/field vs. (36±3) strips/field vs. (43±15) strips/field] (all P > 0.01), while not related with gender, age, tumor location, differentiation degree (all P > 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in gastric cancer was 0.716 (95% CI 0.581-0.828) and 0.711 (95% CI 0.573-0.823), respectively; the optimal cut-off value of VEGF and MVD was positive and 24.8 strips/field, with the sensitivity of 53.19%, 61.70%, and the specificity of 90.00% both. The AUC of VEGF and MVD in predicting the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer was 0.596 (95% CI 0.414-0.760) and 0.506 (95% CI 0.330-0.681) , respectively; the optimal cut-off value of VEGF and MVD was positive and 32.5 strips/field, with the sensitivity of 29.17% , 70.83%, and the specificity of 90.00%, 0, respectively. Conclusions:VEGF expression and MVD are elevated with the increase of depth of gastric cancer infiltration, while the value of the combination of both in predicting the depth of infiltration in early gastric cancer is not high.

11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 441-447, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995122

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has spread worldwide and threatened human's health. With the passing of time, the epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 evolves and the knowledge of SARS-CoV-2 infection accumu-lates. To further improve the scientific and standardized diagnosis and treatment of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection in China, the Chinese Society of Perinatal Medicine of Chinese Medical Association commissioned leading experts to develop the Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Maternal SARS-CoV-2 Infection under the guidance of the Maternal and Child Health Department of the National Health Commission. This recommendations includes the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, maternal care, medication treatment, care of birth and newborns, and psychological support associated with maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection. It is hoped that the recommendations will effectively help the clinical management of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 915-920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatments of patients with POEMS syndrome initially diagnosed as pulmonary hypertension (PH).Methods:Clinical data of 7 patients who were initially diagnosed as PH and finally diagnosed as POEMS syndrome in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from May 2013 to November 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, echocardiography, hemodynamic findings, treatment and prognosis of patients were analyzed.Results:Seven patients, including 4 males and 3 female, aged (55±9) (44-62) years were presented with elevated pulmonary artery pressure by echocardiography at admission. Chest tightness and shortness of breath (7/7), fatigue (6/7) and lower limb edema (4/7) were the most common symptoms in the first-episode. Meanwhile, patients also presented symptoms associated with POEMS syndrome, including multiple peripheral neuropathy (7/7), multiserosal cavity effusion (6/7), organomegaly (5/7), skin changes (5/7), and endocrine lesions (4/7). Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were significantly increased in all patients. The pulmonary arterial systolic blood pressure was (66±21)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) estimated by echocardiography. Six patients underwent right heart catheterization and significantly increased mean pulmonary artery pressure((35±9) mmHg) was confirmed; and their pulmonary vascular resistance was (4.00±2.10) Wood U. All patients received corresponding treatment for POEMS syndrome. The excise tolerance was improved in 5 patients after successful treatment with stable or reversed WHO functional class. One patient received hemodialysis treatment for uncontrolled POEMS. One patient died during follow-up. The echocardiography was followed up in 4 patients, and 2 of whom had a complete reversal of PH, 1 had a partial reversal, and 1 had not yet reversed.Conclusions:In patients with PH who have multisystem manifestations, such as multiple peripheral neuropathy, multiserosal cavity effusion, organomegaly and skin changes, POEMS syndrome should be considered, and proper and active treatment of POEMS may reverse PH and improve the prognosis of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 453-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between marital status and mild cognitive impairment in older adults.Methods:This study is a cluster random sampling.From January to December 2020, a questionnaire survey was conducted among older adults aged 60 years and over in four cities of Hebei Province.Finally, 2690 older adults with mild cognitive impairment and normal cognitive function were enrolled.The older adults were divided into 2 groups according to their marital status: married and living with their spouses(group E1), divorced or living alone(group E2). The mini-mental state examination(MMSE)scores of older adults in the two groups were compared.Moreover, the cognitive differences of older adults between the two groups and the interaction of marital status, social activities and life events on cognitive outcomes were analyzed.Results:The married older adults with partners had better cognitive preservation( P<0.01). The more life events were more likely to cause cognitive impairment( P<0.01), and the interaction of marital status, social activities and life events had a significant impact on cognition( P<0.01). Older men who were married and lived with spouse had better cognition than older women who were married and lived with spouse( P<0.05 in Model 3). The cognition of widowed elderly women was better than those of widowed elderly men( P<0.1 in Model 1; P<0.1 in Model 2). Among elderly men, the cognition of those married and living with spouse was better than that those of widowed( P<0.01 in models 1 and 2, P<0.1 in model 3). Among elderly women, those married and living with spouse had better cognitive outcomes than those widowed( P<0.01 in Model 1, P<0.01 in Model 2). Conclusions:Marital companionship is a protective factor for the cognition of older adults, and there are gender differences in the impact of marital status on cognition in late life.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 334-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of percutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation on myocardial structural remodeling, electrical remodeling and apoptosis in rats of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, and to explore the relationship between this effect and oxidative stress.Methods:The arteriovenous fistula was closed by ligation two weeks after establishment in SD rat.By increasing cardiac volume load in the short term, a rat model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction was constructed.Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups, with 10 rats in each group: sham operation group(S), abdominal aorta-inferior vena cava fistula + closure group(AVF+ L), abdominal aorta-inferior vena cava fistula + closure+ percutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation group(AVF+ L+ tVNS)and abdominal aorta-inferior vena cava fistula + closure+ percutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation + acetylcholine M 2 receptor antagonist group(AVF+ L+ tVNS+ M -). Rats in the AVF+ L+ tVNS group received percutaneous vagal nerve stimulation on the basis of those in the AVF+ L group.Rats in the AVF+ L+ tVNS+ M - group received daily injection of acetylcholine M 2 receptor antagonist mesotramine(0.5mg/Kg)into tail vein on the basis of those in the AVF+ L+ tVNS group.The parameters of cardiac structural remodeling and electrical remodeling in each group were obtained by cardiac ultrasound and cardiac electrophysiological stimulator.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was used to detect the values of B-type natriuretic peptide precursor(NT-proBNP)and oxidative stress-related indicators in each group.hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe the damage of myocardial structure, disorder of cell arrangement and infiltration of inflammatory cells.Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was observed by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)staining and apoptosis index was calculated.reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR)and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of B cell lymphoma / leukemia-2(BCL-2)and apoptosis promoting gene(BAX)in BCL-2 gene family. Results:The rats in the AVF + L group developed heart failure characterized by ventricular wall hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction, and the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)was >50 %.The rat heart failure model with preserved ejection fraction was successfully established.HE staining showed that the myocardial tissue structure damage, cell arrangement disorder and inflammatory cell infiltration were obvious in AVF+ L group, while the pathological changes of myocardial tissue in AVF+ L+ tVNs were significantly less than those in AVF+ L group.Compared with AVF+ L group, in the AVF+ L+ tVNs, the value of NT-proBNP decreased[(301.25 ± 16.07)ng/L vs.(79.33±5.63)ng/L, P<0.05], the value of E/A increased(1.28 ± 0.06 vs.1.66 ±0.05, P<0.05), the expression of BCL-2 mRNA[0.08(0.07, 0.08) vs.0.70(0.64, 0.76), P<0.05]and BCL-2 protein(0.19±0.03 vs.0.46±0.04, P<0.05)both increased, the expression of BAX mRNA(5.00±0.32 vs.2.14±0.36, P<0.05)and BAX protein(0.76±0.04 vs.0.43±0.05, P<0.05)both decreased, while the apoptotic index was also decreased(16.26±0.32 vs.7.04±0.24, P<0.05). Compared with AVF + L group, the indexes of myocardial structural remodeling, electrical remodeling and oxidative stress were decreased in AVF + L + tVNs group(P<0.05). Compared with AVF + L group, there was no significant difference in the above indexes in AVF + L + tVNS + M - group( P>0.05). Conclusions:tVNS can alleviate myocardial structural remodeling, electrical remodeling and apoptosis in HFpEF rats, which may be related to the reduction of oxidative stress response activity.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 48-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the learning curve of MAKO-assisted total knee arthroplasty.Methods:From May 2021 to September 2022, 136 patients were conducted MAKO-assisted total knee arthroplasty in the PLA General Hospital, including 37 males and 99 females, 65.53±7.01 years old (range 54-80 years). All cases were patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis. The operations were performed by three surgeons, respectively. Sixty-one cases were performed by surgeon 1, 47 cases were performed by surgeon 2, and 28 cases were performed by surgeon 3. Record the time of each step during the operation, and measure the limb alignment in X-ray. The statistical difference between the two groups was compared by t test by SPSS. The cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM) learning curve was modeled by curve fitting and R2 was used to testify the goodness. Results:The total operation time of the three surgeons was 114.3±25.1 min, 109.8±10.9 min, and 118.6±15.1 min, respectively. The time of each step in the first 10 cases and the last 10 cases of operator 1-3 was counted. The osteotomy time of surgeons 1, 2 and 3 in the final 10 cases was less than that in the initial 10 cases (surgeon 1: 13.5 ± 3.41 min vs. 8.0±1.58 min, t=4.30, P=0.001; surgeon 2: 13.7±3.02 min vs. 8.0± 2.58 min, t=4.77, P=0.001; surgeon 3: 15.3±3.97 min vs. 11.0±2.38 min, t=2.87, P=0.010), and the difference was statistically significant. The CUSUM of osteotomy was calculated and the curve was fitted. The highest point of the curve of the three surgeons was in the 16th, 18th and 12th patients, respectively, and the time of osteotomy continued to decline after passing the peak. No statistical differences were found in surgery time for the remaining steps. Comparing the lower alignment angles of intraoperative planning and postoperative X-ray films, the overall difference was greater than 1 degree. The difference was 1.41°±1.32° for operator 1, 1.34°±1.22° for operator 2, and 1.04°±0.88° for operator 3. The percentages of fully accurate implant size planning were 85.2%(52/61), 76.7%(36/47), and 85.7%(24/28), respectively. Conclusion:For MAKO-assisted total knee arthroplasty, the operator can decrease the operation time by practice, which is mainly reflected in the shortening of the osteotomy time. The learning curve threshold is around in the 15th case. The increase in the number of surgeries did not bring about changes in the accuracy of lower extremity alignment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 175-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of pre-hospital health education based on "Internet +" on self-management efficacy, anxiety and depression of patients undergoing pulmonary tumor surgery, and provide reference for pre-hospital nursing care of this group.Methods:It was a randomized controlled trial. A total of 100 outpatients in Department of Pulmonary Oncology, Tumor Hospital of Tianjin Medical University to be hospitalized for surgery during November 2021 to March 2022, were divided into experimental group ( n=50) and control group ( n=50) by random number method according to the order of outpatient visits. Patients in control group received routine thoracic surgery nursing and health education after admission. Those in experimental group received "Internet +" pre-hospital health education during patients waiting for hospital beds for surgery, nursing care after admission was the same as that of the control group. The scores of Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS) were compared between the two groups 1 day before discharge. Results:At the time of outpatient visit, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the comparison of all dimensions and total scores of SUPPH and the score of HADS ( P>0.05). Total SUPPH score, and self-decompression, self-decision and positive attitude score of experimental group were (110.62 ± 17.73) points, (38.74 ± 6.56) points, (11.98 ± 2.20) points, (59.90 ± 10.18) points, respectively, while in the control group, the scores were (92.86 ± 18.91) points, (32.46 ± 7.39) points, (9.76 ± 2.00) points and (50.64 ± 11.50) points, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t values were -5.29--4.27, all P<0.01). Besides, the anxiety and depression scores of HADS in experimental group were (3.92 ± 2.25) points and (3.36 ± 2.38) points, respectively, while those in control group were (7.12 ± 3.49) points and (7.00 ± 3.53) points, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.45, 6.04, both P<0.01). Conclusions:The "Internet +" pre-hospital health education model can promote the self-management efficacy of patients undergoing pulmonary tumor surgery, and improve their psychological state during treatment. The study provided reference for promoting diversified extended nursing services in clinical practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 577-580, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the model of first aid skills training based on competition.Method:The second-year residents who participated in the competition in 2021 ( n = 142) were selected. According to whether they attended BLS training in the first year, they were divided into group A ( n = 88) who attended BLS training and group B ( n = 54) who did not. Chi-square test, T test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and Logistic regression were used in our study. Results:There was no significant difference in gender and specialty between both groups (female, 62.5% vs. 68.5%, P= 0.466; TCM, 50% vs. 53.7%, P= 0.668), but the real resuscitation experience of group A was more than that of group B (40.9% vs. 9.3%, P= 0.000). The qualified rate of CPR and the compression score in group A was higher than that in group B [(81.8% vs. 61.1%, P = 0.006; (30±5) vs. (25 ±10), P= 0.001], including compression frequency, depth, rebound and compression/respiration rate (73.9% vs. 55.6%, P= 0.024; 88.6% vs. 70.4%, P= 0.006; 96.6% vs. 87%, P= 0.031). In the theoretical examination, the correct rates of electrocardiogram [(53.63±2.9)% vs. (50.44±2.57)%] and first aid medication [(57.38±3.55)%, P = 0.001] in the two groups were significantly lower than the qualified rate. After adjusting other factors, Logistic regression analysis showed that the CPR qualification rate in group A was 2.769 times higher than that in group B ( P= 0.015, 95% CI 1.215~6.311) Conclusions:The first aid skills training mode based on competition can objectively reflect first aid skills level of residents. We found that the quality of CPR skills was not related to gender, specialty and real CPR experiences but experience of BLS training was an independent influencing factor. And how to identify and manage arrhythmias and how to choose different emergency drugs are urgent emergency skills for residents to improve.

18.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 895-901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988767

ABSTRACT

The current recommendation for postoperative radiotherapy for esophageal cancer in China is mainly based on the data of incomplete two-field dissection of open left thoracotomy. At present, the type of surgery for esophageal cancer gradually transitions from open left thoracotomy to open right thoracotomy and from open esophagectomy to minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). Patients with early-stage esophageal cancer are selected as candidates for MIE. MIE is less invasive than open esophagectomy, and the right thoracic approach is conducive to more thorough lymph node dissection. However, few data and related studies are available on the patterns of failure after MIE in esophageal cancer, and guiding an adjuvant therapy is difficult. The feasibility of an adjuvant therapy for selective high-risk patients and the optimized treatment after MIE remains to be explored in clinical practice. In this regard, this article aims to review the safety of MIE, long-term survival outcomes, postoperative recurrence patterns, and recurrence rates of patients to discuss the value of postoperative adjuvant therapy and guide clinical treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 393-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985937

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and biological characteristics of familial platelet disorder (FPD) with germline Runt-related transcription factor (RUNX) 1 mutations. Methods: Patients diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with RUNX1 mutations from February 2016 to December 2021 in Wuhan No.1 Hospital underwent pedigree analysis and were screened for gene mutations (somatic and germline). Patients diagnosed with FPD with germline RUNX1 mutations were enrolled and evaluated in terms of clinical characteristics and biological evolution. Bioinformatics analysis was used to assess the pathogenicity of mutations and to analyze the effect of mutated genes on the function of the corresponding protein. Results: Germline RUNX1 mutations were detected in three out of 34 patients suffering from MDS/AML who had RUNX1 mutations. A pedigree of FPD with RUNX1 (RUNX1-FPD) c.562A>C and RUNX1 c.1415T>C mutations was diagnosed, and the mutations were of patrilineal origin. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the locus at positions 188 and 472 in the AML-1G type of RUNX1 was highly conserved across different species, and that variations might influence functions of the proteins. The mutations were evaluated to be highly pathogenic. Of the nine cases with germline RUNX1 mutations: two patients died due AML progression; one case with AML survived without leukemia after transplantation of hemopoietic stem cells; four patients showed mild-to-moderate thrombocytopenia; two cases had no thrombocytopenia. During the disease course of the proband and her son, mutations in RUNX1, NRAS and/or CEBPA and KIT appeared in succession, and expression of cluster of differentiation-7 on tumor cells was enhanced gradually. None of the gene mutations correlated with the tumor were detected in the four cases not suffering from MDS/AML, and they survived until the end of follow-up. Conclusions: RUNX1-FPD was rare. The mutations c.562A>C and c.1415T>C of RUNX1 could be the disease-causing genes for the family with RUNX1-FPD, and these mutations could promote malignant transformation. Biological monitoring should be carried out regularly to aid early intervention for family members with RUNX1-FPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Germ-Line Mutation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Pedigree , Blood Platelet Disorders/complications , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1054-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985632

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the cardiovascular health status of adults in China by using the "Life's Essential 8" score, and provide reference for the development and improvement of cardiovascular disease prevention and control policies and measures. Methods: Chronic Disease and Nutrition Surveillance was conducted in 298 counties/districts in 2015 in 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) across China, multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was used to select 45 households in each village or neighborhood, and 20 households were further selected to conduct dietary surveys. In this study, a total of 70 093 adults aged ≥20 years who completed the dietary survey and had complete information were included, their cardiovascular health status were assessed by using the "Life's Essential 8" score, a cardiovascular health scoring standard released by the American Heart Association in 2022. All results were adjusted using complex design-based sampling weights to achieve a better estimate of the population. Results: In 2015, the overall cardiovascular health score of Chinese adults aged ≥20 years was 73.3±12.6, the score was significantly higher in women (77.9±11.6) than in men (68.7±11.8), and higher in urban area (74.5±12.8) than in rural area (71.9±12.2), the differences were significant (P<0.001). It was estimated that about 0.25% (95%CI: 0.16%-0.33%) of adults in China had cardiovascular health score of 100, and 33.0% (95%CI: 31.6%-34.3%), 63.2% (95%CI: 62.1%-64.3%), and 3.9% (95%CI: 3.5%-4.2%) of adults had high, moderate and low cardiovascular health scores, respectively. The proportion of those with high cardiovascular health scores was relatively low in men, those with low education level, those with low income, those living in rural areas, and those living in southwest China (P<0.001). Of the eight factors, diet had the lowest mean score (46.0, 95%CI: 44.7-47.3), followed by blood pressure (59.4, 95%CI: 58.2-60.6) and tobacco exposure (61.4, 95%CI: 60.6-62.2). Conclusions: The cardiovascular health status of two-thirds of adult population in China needs to be improved. Diet, tobacco exposure, and blood pressure are the factors affecting the cardiovascular health of Chinese population, to which close attention needs to be paid, and men, rural residents, and those with lower socioeconomic status are key groups in cardiovascular health promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Asian People , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Diet , East Asian People , Health Status , Risk Factors , United States , Health Status Indicators
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