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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 701-704, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907237

ABSTRACT

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disease characterized by heterotopic Ph chromosome. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with CML. Cytogenetic and molecular monitoring for assessing the therapeutic efficacy of TKI to guide disease management has become an important component of CML therapy. However, the expanded genomic analysis of the disease diagnosis, transformation and drug resistance has not been fully explored in CML research. The paper reviews the frequency and type of gene mutations at initial diagnosis and the time of treatment failure and transformation, and investigates the relationship between genetic mutations and the prognosis of CML patients in the diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Patients with 22q11.2 microduplications have highly variable clinical phenotypes. The clinical manifestations and prognosis of 19 fetuses carrying 22q11.2 microduplications were analyzed.@*METHODS@#The fetuses were analyzed by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array), which was followed by parental validation. Pregnancy outcome and clinical features of the newborns were analyzed in order to delineate genotype-phenotype correlation.@*RESULTS@#Two fetuses were identified by karyotyping analysis of amniotic fluid samples. SNP array revealed that all have carried a 468.8 kb~3.4 Mb duplication in 22q11.2 region. Two couples have refused parental verification. Seven cases were inherited from the mother, 6 were from the father, and 4 cases were de novo in origin. Three couples opted termination of the pregnancy. One fetus perished at birth. Five newborns showed delayed growth, the remaining 10 were normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The prenatal phenotype of fetuses carrying 22q11.2 microduplications are nonspecific, and the phenotypes of survivors may become more diverse along with increased age. Professional evaluation and long-term follow-up should be recommended.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetus , Genetic Counseling , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Karyotyping , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921879

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Lymphedema Quality of Life Questionnaire (LYMQOL) in lymphedema patients. Methods LYMQOL was translated into Chinese. The Chinese version of the LYMQOL was distributed with the official Wechat account "Lymphedema Channel" to lymphedema patients who were recruited from October 28


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Lymphedema , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pathogenic gene locus and prenatal genetic diagnosis of 54 families with oculocutaneous albinism (OCA).Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 54 OCA probands and their families from Gansu Province Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from May 2014 to May 2020. TYR gene variation screening was performed on the probands by Sanger sequencing. Those with negative results were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing, and further verification was performed on their parents by Sanger sequencing. Among the 54 families, 15 ml amniotic fluid were collected from 16 women at 18-21 gestational weeks in their subsequent pregnancy. Sanger sequencing combined with short tandem repeats sequence for linkage analysis were performed for genetic analysis. All data were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis. Results:Out of the 54 OCA probands, 48 were diagnosed as OCA1, five were OCA2 and one was OCA4 based on the Sanger sequencing and high-throughput sequencing detection. A total of 26 different variation sites were involved in the 48 OCA1 probands, including 15 missense mutations, five nonsense mutations, three splicing mutations, and three frame-shift mutations, among which, c.929insC (29%, 28/96) was the most frequent mutation, followed by c.896G>A (11%, 11/96), c.832C>T (8%, 8/96) and c.703T>C (5%, 5/96). The diagnosis was confirmed in all 16 fetuses in the 16 families that underwent prenatal diagnosis. Five of them were affected and their mothers chose to terminate the pregnancies, the other 11 pregnancies continued to delivery, including seven heterozygous carriers and four fetuses without the same pathogenic allele as the proband. Maternal contamination was excluded in all prenatal samples using short tandem repeat for linkage analysis. All 11 children were in good health during telephone follow-up one month after birth. Postnatal validations were consistent with the prenatal tests.Conclusions:Genetic diagnosis could accurately identify various types of OCA and help to provide prenatal diagnosis and fertility consultation for subsequent pregnancies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885345

ABSTRACT

The construction of featured specialties is the current development strategy of community health service institutions to improve the service scope and to meet the health needs of residents. The rehabilitation medicine has undergone 12 years of development and become a relatively mature featured specialty in Fenglin Community Health Service Center. Based on the Fenglin′s experience, this article discusses the development status and restriction bottlenecks of general practice, and the development status and trend of rehabilitation medicine in the community; and also explores the integrated development model of community-featured specialty with general practice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885344

ABSTRACT

Community health institutions have entered a new development stage of featured specialty construction. After 12 years of development, rehabilitation medicine now is the featured specialty of Fenglin Community Health Service Center. This article presents the train of thought and key points of specialty construction in primary care institutions based on the Fenglin′s experience. The positioning of featured specialty should be based on the community. The construction process should include 7 elements, namely, the standard operation procedure(SOP)of service system construction, the detailed publicity and implementation of the collaboration of specialists, prevention and control knowledge promotion for general practitioners, prevention and control knowledge education for community residents, service list, clinical efficacy evaluation, and clinical database. In the later iterations, the head of the department should always focus on the service system construction SOP and clinical database construction, and the rest parts can be assigned to the relevant team members.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885343

ABSTRACT

Rehabilitation medicine is one of the most important specialties in community health institutions. This article introduces the 12 year′s development of rehabilitation medicine in Fenglin Community Health Service Center, focusing on the talent allocation, service capabilities, resource expansion, basic facilities, personnel recruiting, department operating, service scope, and its achievements and influence, to provide reference for planning and construction of featured specialty in community health service centers.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878920

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Thymus przewalskii. The chemical consti-tuents were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prepared HPLC, and their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four flavanones were isolated from the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of T. przewalskii, and identified as(2S)-5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavanone(1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone(2),(2S)-5,4'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone(3), sakuranetin(4), respectively. Compound 1 was a new compound and its configuration was determined by CD spectrum, compound 3 was natural product which was isolated for the first time and their configurations were determined by CD spectra. Compound 2 was isolated from the genus Thymus for the first time and compound 4 was isolated from T. przewalskii for the first time. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test was assayed for the four flavanones. They exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cells(A549), with the IC_(50) from 74.5 to 135.6 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavanones , Humans
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876860

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of different non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in middle-aged and old Chinese patients with osteoarthritis(OA). Methods A systematic literature search was conducted through PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wan Fang Data and VIP databases to collect randomized controlled trials with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in middle-aged to old Chinese OA patients. The search time was from the establishment of the database to November 17, 2020. Two researchers independently carried out literature screening, data extraction and literature quality evaluation. Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted with R3.6.0 software. Results 28 RCTs were included with 2531 patients. Based on the last follow-up pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score, the ranking chart showed that Etoricoxib had the highest probability of having the lowest pain VAS score (88.55%). In terms of total effective rate, the ranking chart showed that the probability of Etoricoxib as first choice was the highest (92.49%). As far as safety, diclofenac sodium patch had the lowest adverse effects rate (59.10%). Conclusion The results of this study indicated that Etoricoxib was the most effective treatment for middle-aged and old Chinese OA patients. It can significantly reduce the OA pain. Diclofenac sodium patch had the least adverse effects.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1752-1757, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide referenc e for selectin g antitumor drugs economic evaluation models and improving the quality of evidence for antitumor drugs economics evaluation in China. METHODS :A systematic search of the antitumor drug health technology evaluation (pCODR)reports were conducted on the official website of the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH). The search time was limited to Jan. 1st,2015 to Sep. 6th,2020. The basic information ,model types and structure ,and key limitations were extracted and summarized. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :A total of 185 pCODR reports were finally retrieved ,involving 114 types of tumor indications and 98 types of antitumor drugs. The number of CADTH antitumor drugs economics evaluations in the past 5 years had shown an increasing trend. Among 137 pCODR reports with final economic guidance report ,98 reports(71.5%)adopted the PartSA model ,21 reports(15.3%)used the Markov model ,and some reports(6 reports,4.3%)used both PartSA and Markov models to explore the uncertainty of the model structure. In terms of model health status setting ,86 reports(62.8%)used three-state models to evaluate the economy of different anti tumor drugs ,and 16 reports(11.7%)used no less than four health states to simulate the outcome of disease state. However ,there were still some problems in CADTH models ,such as the unreasonable choice of research time limit ,the unreasonable extrapolation method or uncertain extrapolation results of efficacy (survival)data,the uncertainty of efficacy data obtained by indirect comparison ,and some assumptions or parameter settings did not conform to the actual diagnosis and treatment environment. In view of the advantages of PartSA model ,it is suggested that PartSA model or Markov model combined with PartSA model should be used first to verify the uncertainty of model structure in the future economic evaluation of antitumor drugs ;reasonable settings of key model parameters should be considered to improve the quality of evidence for antitumor drugs economics evaluation in China.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872845

ABSTRACT

Tumor has become the second most serious disease that threatens human health and life. Treating with chemical drugs (referred to as chemotherapy) is the most basic treatment, but most chemotherapeutic drugs cause damage to normal tissues. It is a difficult problem in the field of biomedical research that how to deliver anti-tumor drugs more efficiently, increase the concentration of drugs in tumor tissues, enhance the anti-tumor effect, and decrease the drug distribution in normal tissues to weaken the damage to normal tissues. In order to achieve the goals of accurate delivery of anti-tumor drugs and synergism and attenuation, the researchers used systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment technology (SELEX technology) to screen aptamers that can specifically target tumor markers or tumor cells, and designed the novel liposome targeting drug delivery system with aptamers as targeting molecules (ligands). This paper briefly introduced nucleic acid aptamer technology and common tumor markers, and reviewed the research advances on the antitumor effect of aptamer-liposome drug delivery system. It will provide references for the selection of appropriate tumor markers as targets and the application of aptamer technology in the research and development of high-efficiency and low-toxicity liposome targeting agents of anti-tumor traditional Chinese medicine. Meanwhile, it is of great significance for promoting the application of aptamer technology in targeted drug delivery systems.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between fetal nuchal translucency (NT) in the first trimester and pregnancy outcome.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted in Nanjjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2015 to December 2018, 4 958 singleton pregnant women were enrolled to screen fetal ultrasound structure and serology in the first trimester, ultrasound in the second trimester and neonatus physical examination 28 days after birth. According to the results of NT, 167 cases of fetus with increased NT (≥3.0 mm) and 4 791 cases of normal NT were divided, moreover, 86 cases with isolate increased NT and 81 cases of increased NT combined with structural abnormality. The prognosis of fetuses with different NT thickness was analyzed, and the pregnancy outcome of fetuses with isolate increased NT or combined with structural abnormality were analyzed. In the first trimester, if the fetal structure was abnormal or the serological screening result was high risk, the chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) would be performed by chorionic villus sampling to determine the prenatal diagnosis.Results:(1) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of normal NT: there were 4 791 cases with normal NT. Totally, 4 726 cases with normal NT and no structural abnormalities were screened out in the firsttrimester. In this group, 5 cases of aneuploidies were diagnosed based on high risk of maternal serum biomarkers and 83 cases of structural abnormalities were screened out in the subsequent ultrasound scan and the neonatal examination. Another 65 cases with normal NT present complicated with structural anomalies were screened out in the first trimester and 4 cases were diagnosed as aneuploidies. (2) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of isolate increased NT: 66 (76.7%, 66/86) cases of isolated increased NT were performed CMA, 3 cases were diagnosed as trisomy 21 and terminated pregnancy. Another 4 cases were terminated pregnancy privately without cytogenetic diagnosis. No further anomalies were found in 79 cases till 6 to 21 months postnatally. (3) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of increased NT with structural anomalies: increased NT present with structural anomalies were screened out by detailed anomaly scan in the first trimester and 32 of them were confirmed as aneuploidies. In this group, 70 cases terminated pregnancy, 2 cases had spontaneous miscarriages and 9 cases had liveborns (1 newborn was found ventricular septal defect). (4) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of increased NT with or without structural anomalies: the percentage of aneuploidies in fetuses with isolated increased NT (3.5%, 3/86) was significantly lower than those with structural abnormalities (39.5%,32/81). The healthy survival rate in fetuses with isolated increased NT (91.9%,79/86) was significantly higher than those with structural abnormalities (9.9%, 8/81).Conclusions:A detailed first-trimester anomaly scan could improve prenatal screening efficiency of birth defects. Compared to the fetuses with increased NT combined with structural abnormalities, the healthy survival rate of fetuses with isolated increased NT based on detailed first-trimester anomaly scan is higher and the percentage of fetal aneuploidies is lower.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865252

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Demodex palpebralis infestation and meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD) on the incidence of recurrent corneal erosion syndrome (RCES).Methods:A case-control study was performed.Thirty eyes of 30 RCES patients were enrolled from January to June 2018 in Hanyang Hospital of Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital, and served as the RCES group.Thirty-one eyes of 31 simple ametropia patients with matched age and gender were enrolled at the same time and served as the control group.Eyelash microscopic examination was performed for Demodex counting, slit-lamp examination was performed to observe the condition of meibomian gland.Keratograph 5M examination was performed to detect the morphological changes in the meibomian glands.This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital.All subjects were aware of the method and purpose of this study.Results:The average meibomian glands score was 4(3, 4) in the RCES group, which was significantly higher than 2(1, 3) in the control group (Z=-4.55, P=0.00). The average meibomian gland secretion score was 15.5(11.0, 16.8) in the RCES group, which was significantly higher than 8.0(5.5, 10.0) in the control group (Z=-3.97, P=0.00). The average Demodex numbers was 8(4, 9) and 0(0, 2) in the RCES and control groups, respectively, with a significant difference between them (Z=-4.13, P<0.00). The average Demodex infection rate was 83.3% (25/30) and 38.7% (12/31) in the RCES and the control groups, respectively (χ 2=7.60, P<0.01). The recurrence frequency showed a positive correlation with the meibomian glands scores (r s=0.70, P<0.01), meibomian gland secretion scores (r s=0.47, P=0.04) and Demodex numbers (r s=0.73, P<0.01). Conclusions:The infection rate of Demodex palpebralis and the degree of MGD are obviously elevated in RCES patients, and are associated with the relapse frequency of RCES.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799384

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between fetal nuchal translucency (NT) in the first trimester and pregnancy outcome.@*Methods@#A prospective cohort study was conducted in Nanjjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2015 to December 2018, 4 958 singleton pregnant women were enrolled to screen fetal ultrasound structure and serology in the first trimester, ultrasound in the second trimester and neonatus physical examination 28 days after birth. According to the results of NT, 167 cases of fetus with increased NT (≥3.0 mm) and 4 791 cases of normal NT were divided, moreover, 86 cases with isolate increased NT and 81 cases of increased NT combined with structural abnormality. The prognosis of fetuses with different NT thickness was analyzed, and the pregnancy outcome of fetuses with isolate increased NT or combined with structural abnormality were analyzed. In the first trimester, if the fetal structure was abnormal or the serological screening result was high risk, the chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) would be performed by chorionic villus sampling to determine the prenatal diagnosis.@*Results@#(1) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of normal NT: there were 4 791 cases with normal NT. Totally, 4 726 cases with normal NT and no structural abnormalities were screened out in the firsttrimester. In this group, 5 cases of aneuploidies were diagnosed based on high risk of maternal serum biomarkers and 83 cases of structural abnormalities were screened out in the subsequent ultrasound scan and the neonatal examination. Another 65 cases with normal NT present complicated with structural anomalies were screened out in the first trimester and 4 cases were diagnosed as aneuploidies. (2) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of isolate increased NT: 66 (76.7%, 66/86) cases of isolated increased NT were performed CMA, 3 cases were diagnosed as trisomy 21 and terminated pregnancy. Another 4 cases were terminated pregnancy privately without cytogenetic diagnosis. No further anomalies were found in 79 cases till 6 to 21 months postnatally. (3) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of increased NT with structural anomalies: increased NT present with structural anomalies were screened out by detailed anomaly scan in the first trimester and 32 of them were confirmed as aneuploidies. In this group, 70 cases terminated pregnancy, 2 cases had spontaneous miscarriages and 9 cases had liveborns (1 newborn was found ventricular septal defect). (4) The pregnancy outcome for fetus of increased NT with or without structural anomalies: the percentage of aneuploidies in fetuses with isolated increased NT (3.5%, 3/86) was significantly lower than those with structural abnormalities (39.5%,32/81). The healthy survival rate in fetuses with isolated increased NT (91.9%,79/86) was significantly higher than those with structural abnormalities (9.9%, 8/81).@*Conclusions@#A detailed first-trimester anomaly scan could improve prenatal screening efficiency of birth defects. Compared to the fetuses with increased NT combined with structural abnormalities, the healthy survival rate of fetuses with isolated increased NT based on detailed first-trimester anomaly scan is higher and the percentage of fetal aneuploidies is lower.

16.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 446-453, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the profile of metabolites of gastric mucosa involving the effectiveness of moxibustion in the treatment of syndromes of stomach heat (SH) and stomach cold (SC) by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy in rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of gastric disorders. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into control, SH-model, SC-model, SH-moxibustion and SC-moxibustion groups (n=6 rats/group). The SH-model and SC-model were established by gavage of pepper liquid plus ethanol, and ice water plus NaOH, respectively. Moxibustion was applied to bilateral "Zusanli" (ST36) and "Liangmen"(ST21) for 20 min, once daily for 7days. Histopathological changes of the gastric tissue were observed by H.E. staining. Differential metabolites in the gastric mucosal tissue were detected and the relevant metabolic pathways analyzed by using 1H-NMR, pattern recognition method,and online MetPA (http: //www.metaboanalyst.ca). RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the body mass was decreased significantly from the 4th to 14th day after modeling (P<0.05,P<0.01). After the treatment, the body mass was obviously increased from the 10th day on in both SH-EA and SC-EA groups relevant to the SH and SC model group, respectively (P<0.05,P<0.01). H.E. staining showed severe damage of the columnar epithelial structure of the gastric mucosa and inflammatory cell infiltration in the SH group, and inflammatory cell infiltration in the SC model group, which were relatively milder in both moxibustion groups. 1H-NMR analysis displayed a total of 16 potential biomarkers in the injured gastric mucosa of SH syndrome and 14 biomarkers for the SC syndrome after mode-ling, and 13 metabolites related to SH moxibustion and 8 metabolites related to SC moxibustion after moxibustion interventions, respectively. After moxibustion, among the 13 differential metabolites of the SH syndrome, the effectively up-regulated candidates were isoleucine, creatinine, choline and lactate (P<0.05), and the down-regulated ones were choline phosphate, glycine, alanine, urine pyrimidine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, hypoxanthine, adenosine and nicotinamide (P<0.05). Among the 8 metabolites related to the SC syndrome, creatinine, ethanolamine, choline, adenosine and nicotinamide were markedly increased (P<0.05), and glycine, creatine phosphate and tyrosine remarkably decreased in their levels after moxibustion (P<0.05). MetPA showed that moxibustion could regulate 10 metabolic pathways for SH syndrome and 7 metabolic pathways for SC syndrome. Metabolites and metabolic pathways are mainly involved in functions of amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism and inflammatory response. CONCLUSION: The idea of "moxibustion could be used for heat syndrome" has metabolic substance basis, and its efficacy in repairing the injured gastric mucosa involves regulation of amino acid metabolism, energy balance and inflammation response, and moxibustion for SH and SC syndromes has both generality and specificity in regulating metabolic activities.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811064

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Details of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in mainland China are lacking. To improve disease control and reduce economic burden, a large sample survey among this patient population is indispensable. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of such patients.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation in 29 hospitals of 29 regions in mainland China during the period 2013 to 2014. Demographic features, pre-admission conditions, exacerbation details, and outcomes were summarized. Risk factors for exacerbation severity were analyzed.RESULTS: There were 3,240 asthmatic patients included in this study (57.7% females, 42.3% males). Only 28.0% used daily controller medications; 1,287 (39.7%) patients were not currently on inhaled corticosteroids. Acute upper airway infection was the most common trigger of exacerbation (42.3%). Patients with severe to life-threatening exacerbation tended to have a longer disease course, a smoking history, and had comorbidities such as hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and food allergy. The multivariate analysis showed that smoking history, comorbidities of hypertension, COPD, and food allergy were independent risk factors for more severe exacerbation. The number of patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbation varied with seasons, peaking in March and September. Eight patients died during the study period (mortality 0.25%).CONCLUSIONS: Despite enhanced education on asthma self-management in China during recent years, few patients were using daily controller medications before the onset of their exacerbation, indicating that more educational efforts and considerations are needed. The findings of this study may improve our understanding of hospital admission for asthma exacerbation in mainland China and provide evidence for decision-making.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Asthma , China , Comorbidity , Disease Progression , Education , Female , Food Hypersensitivity , Hospitalization , Humans , Hypertension , Inpatients , Medication Adherence , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Self Care , Smoke , Smoking
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826325

ABSTRACT

Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disease of hair follicle sebaceous gland units,with an incidence of up to 85% in adolescents.The pathogenesis is closely related to androgen,sebum secretion,lipophilic microbial infection,and immune-inflammatory reaction.This article reviews the signaling pathways related to acne from the aspects of inflammatory signaling pathways and sebum secretion pathways.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Adolescent , Humans , Sebaceous Glands , Sebum , Signal Transduction
19.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 737-740, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822593

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the clinical application value of saliva samples from patients with herpes zosterzoster.MethodsSaliva and serum samples of 55 patients with herpes zoster were collected. Patients were split into mild and moderate group and serious group based on the clinical score table. Paid a follow-up visit for the occurrence of PHN three months after the lesion healed. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect varicella-zoster virus load in saliva and serum, and then observed and verified by transmission electron microscope.ResultsThe positive rates of VZV DNA in saliva and blood samples were 87% and 85% respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed virus pellets in saliva of patients. The VZV DNA load in saliva in serious group (5.79±2.94) copies/mLwas overtopped than that in mild to moderate group (3.06±2.59) copies/mL (t=3.58, P=0.00). Compared the viral loads in saliva of PHN group(5.82±3.12) copies/mL and non-PHN group (3.84±2.96) copies/mL, t=1.54, P=0.13.ConclusionThe positive rate of VZV DNA in saliva of herpes zoster patients is high, the load is related to clinical symptoms. So saliva can be used for the diagnosis of HZ and assessing the patients′ condition.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 657-660, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821893

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the social support of medical students during the outbreak of COVID-19 and its mediating effect on the correlation between epidemic exposure and depression with anxiety.@*Methods@#A total of 5 593 medical students were enrolled, and Social Support Rating Scale(SSRS), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and 7-tiem Generalize Anxiety Disorder Scale were used to measure.@*Results@#The social support score of SSRS of male students was lower than that of female students (t=-4.36, P<0.05) and juniors and seniors scored lower than other grades(F=4.84, P<0.05). Epidemic exposure proportion was positively correlated with both depressive proportionand anxiety proportion(r=0.05, 0.06, P<0.01), while epidemic exposure and depressive proportion and anxiety proportion were negatively correlated with social support score(r=-0.05, -0.25, -0.19, P<0.01). After controlling for gender and grade, the mediating effect of social support in the correlation between epidemic exposure and depression accounted for 26.6% of the total effect, and the mediating effect of subjective support and supportive utilization was 32.3% and 25.7% respectively. After controlling for gender and grade, the mediating effect of social support in the correlation between epidemic exposure and depression accounted for 20.0% of the total effect, and the mediating effect of subjective support and supportive utilization was 15.9% and 12.2% respectively.@*Conclusion@#Social support has partially mediating effect in the correlation between epidemic exposure with depression and anxiety.

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