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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for a fetus featuring multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#The fetus was found to have increased nuchal thickness, generalized edema, asymmetric lower limbs, tetralogy of Fallot, nasal bone anomaly and cleft palate. Following amniocentesis, G-band karyotyping and CMA were carried out.@*RESULTS@#The fetus had a karyotype of 47,XX,+i(12)(p10) [14]/46,XX[6]. CMA has identified a 33.9 Mb duplication at 12p13.33-p11.1, which was suggestive of tetrasomy 12p.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined chromosomal karyotyping and CMA can delineate the origin of abnormal chromosomal fragments during prenatal diagnosis. The fetus was diagnosed with Pallister-Killian syndrome.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 812-818, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779941

ABSTRACT

Jasmonic acid (JA) can promote the biosynthesis of artemisinin.To have an insight into the JA signaling in Artemisia annua,two new genes belonging to JAZ family,namely AaJAZ5 and AaJAZ6,were cloned from Artemisia annua,which might be the negative regulators involved in the JA signaling pathway.Bioinformatic analysis showed that AaJAZ5 and AaJAZ6 contained the conserved domains of ZIM and Jas specific to JAZ family.According to tissue profile analysis,AaJAZ5 had the highest expression level in leaf and AaJAZ6 had the highest expression level in root.The expression levels of both AaJAZ5 and AaJAZ6 were markedly elevated by methyl jasmonate and mechanical wounding.The BiFC results indicated that AaJAZ5,as well as AaJAZ6,physically interacted with AaMYC2.Importantly,only AaJAZ5 could interact with AaCOI1.The interaction assays given by BiFC suggested that AaJAZ5 might play a crucial role in JA signaling.This study facilitated the further analysis of the functional divergence of JAZ-family members and the understanding of molecular mechanism on JA signaling to regulate the artemisinin biosynthesis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687972

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the accuracy of quantitative fluorescence PCR(QF-PCR) for the detection of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies and its values for prenatal diagnosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>QF-PCR and chromosomal karyotyping were used to analyze 6066 amniotic fluid samples derived from 6034 pregnant women.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both QF-PCR and karyotyping analysis have detected 135 cases of fetal aneuploidies involving chromosomes 21, 18, 13, X, and Y. The QF-PCR assay was also successful in 67 cases for which amniotic fluid culture has failed. Furthermore, it has identified maternal cell contamination in 7 cases. By determining the consistency of short tandem repeat (STR) sites, the QF-PCR assay has identified 22 dizygotic twins among 32 twins with double chorions and double amniotic sacs. In 12 cases, it has signaled numerical chromosomal aberration by critical or partial abnormal values for the fluorescence peak area ratio, which were verified by karyotyping analysis as mosaicisms of chromosome aneuploidies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The QF-PCR can provide an useful supplement for chromosomal karyotyping and has an important role in rapid prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aneuploidy , Female , Fluorescence , Humans , Karyotyping , Microsatellite Repeats , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691367

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide an objective reference for the syndrome types of Chinese medicine (CM) associated with pediatric primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional study was performed. Data on clinical symptoms, CM syndrome types, biochemical indices, and medications used were collected from 98 children with PNS. Then, the correlation between CM syndromes and biochemical indices, as well as medications used, was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The four most common symptoms in children with PNS were brown urine, red tongue, excessive sweating, and swelling of the face and limbs. The syndromes of qi deficiency of Fei (Lung) and Shen (Kidney) (FSQD) and yin deficiency of Gan (Liver) and Shen (GSYD) were the most common main CM syndrome types. FSQD syndrome score correlated significantly with the total cholesterol level, urine protein/creatinine ratio, and urine IgG and albumin levels (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The use of maintenance glucocorticoids combined with immunosuppressive agents correlated with FSQD syndrome, and the use of maintenance glucocorticoids alone correlated with GSYD syndrome (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Two of the most common CM syndrome types were FSQD and GSYD syndromes. FSQD syndrome may be caused by some factors related to lipid levels, protein loss, and the use of immunosuppressive agents. The use of maintenance glucocorticoids may cause GSYD syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Demography , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nephrotic Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics
5.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 37-41, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698826

ABSTRACT

Objective To validate the effect of nursing diagnosis, outcomes clacication and interventions clacication(NNN Link)on health education in hospitalized patients with coronary heart disease. Methods Ninety-six patients with coronary heart disease in our hospital during July 2016 to July 2017 were randomly divided into experimental group and control group equally. The control group was given the conventional health education, while the experimental group was given health education by NNN Link at days 1,2,3,7 and one day before discharge.The two groups were compared in terms of nursing outcome scores on admission day,the 5th day and discharge day. Result Day 5 after hospitalization and the day discharged,the scores of knowledge in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group(all P<0.05). Conclusion The linked nursing diagnosis, nursing outcome and nursing interventions can promote the knowledge of health knowledge and help to improve the quality of nursing service so as to promote research and application of standardized nursing language.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1791-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779373

ABSTRACT

Artemisinin is the first choice for malaria treatment. The plastidial MEP pathway provides 5-carbon precursors (IPP and its isomer DMAPP) for the biosynthesis of isoprenoid (including artemisinin). Hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase (HDR) is the last enzyme involved in the MEP pathway, which catalyzes HMBPP to form IPP and DMAPP. In this study, we isolated the full-length cDNA of HDR from Artemisia annua L. (AaHDR2) and performed functional analysis. According to gene expression analysis of AaHDR2 (GenBank:KX058541) and AaHDR1 reported ever (GenBank:ADC84348.1) by qPCR, we found that AaHDR1 and AaHDR2 had much higher expression level in trichomes than that in roots, stems, leaves and flowers. AaHDR2 had much higher expression level in flowers than that in leaves. Further, the plant hormones such as MeJA and ABA respectively up-regulated the expression level of AaHDR1 and AaHDR2 significantly, but GA3 up-regulated the expression level of AaHDR2 only. The gene expression analysis of AaHDR1 and AaHDR2 showed that AaHDR2 had a greater contribution than AaHDR1 to isoprenoid biosynthesis (including artemisinin). We used AaHDR2 for the following experiments. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that AaHDR2 belonged to the HDR family and the functional complementation assay showed that AaHDR2 did have the enzymatic function of HDR, using E. coli mutant MG1655araHDR as host cell. The subcellular localization assay showed that AaHDR2 fused with GFP at its N-terminal specifically targeted in chloroplasts. Finally, AaHDR2 was overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana. The AaHDR2-overexpressing plants produced the isoprenoids including chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids at significantly higher levels than the wild-type Arabidopsis plants. In summary, AaHDR2 might be a candidate gene for genetic improvement of the isoprenoid biosynthesis.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1913-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779351

ABSTRACT

Atropa belladonna L. is the commercial plant material for production of tropane alkaloids, including hyoscyamine and scopolamine. The wild-type Atropa belladonna is characterized by the hyoscyaminerich chemotype, in which the hyoscyamine content is much higher than the scopolamine content. It is the common goal for the pharmaceutical industry to increase the content of scopolamine in A. belladonna. Based on the T0 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna with NtPMT and HnH6H overexpression, T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna were obtained through self-pollination and used in a field trial. The 461 bp fragment of NtPMT and the 1 077 bp HnH6H were simultaneously expressed from T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna, but were not obtained from the wild-type A. belladonna. At the transcription level, the expression of NtPMT and HnH6H were detected in T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna, but were not detected in the wild-type plants. Further, the alkaloids were analyzed by HPLC. In the stems and leaves of T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna, hyoscyamine was not detected and scopolamine was detected at very high levels; in the stems and leaves of wild-type A. belladonna, hyoscyamine was detected at much higher levels. In the leaves of T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna, the content of scopolamine was 15-36 folds higher than that of wildtype leaves; in the stems of T1 progeny of transgenic A. belladonna, the scopolamine content was 37-108 folds higher than that of wild-type stems. In conclusion, overexpression of NtPMT and HnH6H greatly enhanced conversion of hyoscyamine into high-value scopolamine and improved the commercial value of A. belladonna.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247732

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetics mechanism for the phenotypic variability in a patient carrying a rare ring chromosome 9.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The karyotype of the patient was analyzed with cytogenetics method. Presence of sex chromosome was confirmed with fluorescence in situ hybridization. The SRY gene was subjected to PCR amplification and direct sequencing. Potential deletion and duplication were detected with array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The karyotype of the patient has comprised 6 types of cell lines containing a ring chromosome 9. The SRY gene sequence was normal. By array-CGH, the patient has carried a hemizygous deletion at 9p24.3-p23 (174 201-9 721 761) encompassing 30 genes from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The phenotypic variability of the 9p deletion syndrome in conjunct with ring chromosome 9 may be attributable to multiple factors including loss of chromosomal material, insufficient dosage of genes, instability of ring chromosome, and pattern of inheritance.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Female , Humans , Infant , Karyotype , Male , Ring Chromosomes , Sex Chromosome Disorders , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247712

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To correlate sperm nucleoprotein transition (SNT) with sperm morphology, DNA damage and embryo development, and assess its value for assisted reproductive technology (ART).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The SNT of 437 infertile men underwent ART were assayed, and its correlation with sperm morphology, DNA damage, fertilization rate, normal fertilization rate, cleavage rate, available embryo rate, D3 high quality embryo rate, blastocyst formation rate and high quality blastocyst rate were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The normal morphology rate of sperms, DNA damage, fertilization rate, normal fertilization rate, cleavage rate, embryo transfer rate (ETR), D3 high quality embryo rate, blastocyst formation rate (BFR) and high quality blastocyst in normal males (Group A, abnormal rate≤30%, 135 subjects) did not significantly differ from those with an abnormal rate between 30% and 60% (Group B, 170 subjects) (P>0.05). For those with an abnormal rate of above 60% (Group C, 132 subjects), the sperm normal morphology rate, DNA damage, normal fertilization rate, ETR, D3 high quality embryo rate, high quality blastocyst rate were significantly lower compared with Group A (P<0.01), while no significant difference was found in fertilization rate, cleavage rate and BFR between groups A and C (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNT is related with sperm morphology rate, DNA damage and embryo development, and should be assessed before ART.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blastocyst , Metabolism , DNA Damage , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Development , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Nucleoproteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Spermatozoa , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466843

ABSTRACT

Objective We sought to establish the standard operation procedures in department of cardiology.Methods According to the method of constructing standard operation procedures,the standard operation procedures for the department of cardiology was constructed through induction and consulting literature materials.Results 16 standard operation procedures for the department of cardiology were developed,including 8 SOP of common diseases to rescue,2 SOP of common operation in perioperative period,4 SOP for common instruments,2 SOP for common drugs usage.Conclusions Construction of standard operation procedures in department of cardiology can provide the basis for clinical nursing work,it can also supply methodological reference to build the standard operation procedures in other departments.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239498

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze 81 spontaneous abortion samples with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chromosome 13, 21, 16, 22, 18, X and Y probes were used to detect the samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>FISH was successful in 80 cases (98.77%). Among these, 35 (43.75%) had an abnormal karyotype, which included 19 autosomal aneuploidies, 6 sex chromosome aneuploidies, 9 triploidies and 1 tetraploidy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FISH is a rapid and easy method for detecting chromosomal aneuploidies in spontaneous abortion samples, and has a higher detection rate in early spontaneous abortion samples.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Diagnosis , Genetics , Adult , Aneuploidy , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Mammalian , Genetics , Female , Fetal Diseases , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Male , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for detecting common chromosome aneuploidies in interphase nuclei of amniotic fluid cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty two uncultured amniotic fluid samples and supernatants from 2 successfully and 5 unsuccessfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were analyzed with FISH. Results from standard cytogenetic analysis of 79 uncultured amniotic fluid samples and 2 successfully cultured amniotic fluid samples were compared with FISH results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the 89 samples were succeeded analyzed with FISH. Positive findings included 3 cases with trisomy 21, 1 case with 47, XYY and 1 case with 69, XXX, which were consistent with results of karyotype analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>FISH is a rapid and accurate method for prenatal diagnosis, and can also provide a remedy to failed amniotic fluid cells culture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Amniotic Fluid , Cell Biology , Cell Culture Techniques , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Karyotyping , Pregnancy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318085

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>A reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for rapid visual detection of HIV-1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>RT-LAMP primers were designed according to conservative sequences of HIV-1 gag gene, and their sensitivity and specificity were evaluated by the established RT-LAMP protocol with the addition of the hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB) dye prior to amplification. The performance of RT-LAMP on clinical samples was compared with real-time reverse transcription PCR(qRT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The RT-LAMP assay showed a high specificity, and its detection limit was 1000 copies RNA per tube. The sensitivity and specificity of this method using 43 clinical samples were 94.6% and 100%, respectively,in comparison with those of qRT-PCR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RT-LAMP assay using hydroxynaphthol blue dye does not need expensive instruments, and offer an alternative for the rapid detection of HIV-1 with the potential to be applied in field diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
HIV-1 , Naphthalenesulfonates , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332780

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effects of decitabine (DAC) on proliferation and apoptosis of leukemia NB4 and K562 cells. The proliferation inhibition of DAC on NB4 and K562 cells was detected by Trypan blue staining. After treatment of DAC at different concentrations, the changes of cell cycle and CD11b expression was determined by flow cytometry. The cell morphological changes were observed by Wright's staining. The DNA ladder was used to detect cell apoptosis. The results indicated that DAC significantly inhibited the proliferation of NB4 and K562 cells in dose-and time-dependent manner. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of DAC-treated NB4 and K562 cells for 72 h was 0.113 µmol/L and 0.138 µmol/L, respectively. After treating these two cell lines with DAC at different concentration for 72 h, the cell ratio in G0/G1 phase significantly increased, while the cell ratio in S phase obviously decreased in 0.15 µmol/L DAC group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of myeloid differentiation antigen CD11b of both cell lines significantly increased in contrast to the control group (P < 0.05). The cell morphology detected by Wright's staining displayed partial differentiation and apoptosis after treating NB4 and K562 cells with DAC for 48 h. Typical apoptotic DNA ladder was observed in 0.15 µmol/L DAC group at 48 h. It is concluded that DAC can inhibit NB4 and K562 cell proliferation, induce cell differentiation and apoptosis, but more obviously for NB4 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Azacitidine , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355742

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) methods for on-site HIV-1 detection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>As for the real-time fluorescent RT-LAMP, we firstly tested the specificity and sensitivity, then explored its quantitative determination, and finally applied the method to the detection of 35 HIV-1 positive samples. For colorimetric judgment, after choosing different ameliorates to modify Hydroxynaphthol blue (HNB), we tested their real effects on coloration, and then picked out the modified dyes with obvious color change to test the sensitivity and the detection of the 35 HIV-1-positive samples.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The real-time fluorescent RT-LAMP showed great specificity of HIV-1, and the sensitivity to detect HIV-1 RNA was between 10 and 100 copies per reaction. On testing 35 HIV-1-positive samples, the method could reach 100 percent detection rate. However, for the quantitative determination, the quantitative relation was not observed regarding the HIV-1 RNA of below 10(3) copies per reaction. Three modified HNB dyes with clear color variation between the reaction tubes of the negative and the positive were got in the study, and their sensitivities equaled to the level of agarose gel electrophoresis. Similarly, 100% (35/35) detection rate was reached when the colorimetric RT-LAMP with the modified dyes was applied to detect 35 HIV-1-positive samples.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established real-time fluorescence method and the modified color judgment of RT-LAMP could be helpful for truly achieving rapid, accurate, and sensitive on-site detection of HIV-1.</p>


Subject(s)
HIV-1 , Genetics , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 305-314, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235667

ABSTRACT

How to reduce immune response is an unprecedented challenge for rAAV gene medicine. Recent studies suggested that lowering dosage of the vector used could reduce immune response caused by rAAV gene medicine. Nevertheless, it would also decrease the transgene expression, leading to failure of gene treatment. It is therefore important to take appropriate steps to maintain high gene expression level and pharmacodynamic, while the dosage of rAAV used is reduced. Here, steps to enhancing gene therapy, such as optimization of the administration, reconstruction of the viral vector and selection of the promoter, are discussed in order to achieve maximum outcome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dependovirus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gene Dosage , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Recombination, Genetic , Transgenes , Genetics
17.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 165-171, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354753

ABSTRACT

A simple, rapid and sensitive colorimetric reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method was established to detect norovirus genotype GII. The method employed a set of six specially designed primers that recognized eight distinct sequences of RNA-dependant RNA polymerase and capsid protein gene for amplification of nucleic acid under isothermal conditions at 65 degrees C for 60 minutes. The amplification process of RT-LAMP was monitored by the addition of HNB (Hydroxy naphthol blue) dye prior to amplification. A positive reaction was indicated by a color change from violet to sky blue and confirmed by agarose electrophoresis. The specificity of the RT-LAMP was validated by detecting several different diarrhea viruses including norovirus genotype GII. The sensitivity was determined by serial dilutions of RNA molecules from in vitro transcription of norovirus genotype GII in parallel with conventional RT-PCR detection. The assay was further evaluated with 93 clinical specimens of diarrhea patients. The results showed that the sensitivity of RT-LAMP was 1 000 copies/microL with a high specificity and the relative sensitivity was at the same level as that of conventional RT-PCR. Positive rate of RT-LAMP in analysis of clinical specimens was approximately the same as that of conventional RT-PCR as well. This colorimetric RT-LAMP assay was potential for rapid detection of norovirus genotype GII on spot due to the observation of visual result with high specificity and sensitivity, time-saving and cost benefit.


Subject(s)
Caliciviridae Infections , Diagnosis , Virology , Colorimetry , Methods , Feces , Virology , Genotype , Humans , Norovirus , Genetics , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 739-743, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251456

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the differential proteomics in human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) induced by chemical hypoxia-mimetic agent cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass-spectrometry.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>2-DE was performed to separate proteins from treated and untreated human umbilical cord MSC with CoCl(2). 2-DE images were analyzed by ImageMaster 2D Platinum software 6.0. The differential expressed proteins was identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. The differential proteins were classified based on their functions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>2-DE reference patterns of CoCl(2) treated human umbilical cord MSC were established. A total of twenty-six differential proteins were identified, of them eleven proteins were up-regulated and fifteen down-regulated. Their biological functions involved in carbohydrate metabolism, protein metabolism and modification, lipid metabolism, coenzyme and prosthetic group metabolism, cell cycle, immunity and defense, cell structure and motility, signal transduction, protein targeting and localization, neuronal activities, muscle contraction, etc. Peroxiredoxin1 (Prdx) was down-regulated, whereas alpha-enolase (ENO1) and vesicle amine transport protein 1 homolog (VAT1) up-regulated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effects of hypoxia on human umbilical cord MSC were participated by multiple proteins and involved in multiple functional pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Cobalt , Pharmacology , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Proteome , Proteomics , Umbilical Cord , Cell Biology
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 795-799, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341033

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the change of special antibodies titer IgG, IgM and nucleocaspid to SARS coronavirus (CoV) and observing the expression of stomach and enteric involvement on SARS-CoV infection by monoclonal antibody against N protein of SARS-CoV in the 7- year recovery period among family clustering cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Methods Special antibody titer to SARS-CoV of 14 patients from 5 different families and their 10 kinfolks continuously tested by IFA and antigen-capturing ELISA methods. Samples were taken in the 1st-7th year periods after SARS patients infected by SARS-CoV, being diluted and measured on it titers of three kinds of antibodies. Immunochemical staining with monoclonal antibody (mAb) against N protein of SARS-CoV was used to determine the stomach and enteric tissues among 5 SARS patients with their nucleocaspid antibody titer ascended obviously after 1st-7th year. Results When testing the IgG antibody titer of the 14 SARS patients by IFA method, the average titer was 1/71 (95%CI:1/58-1/85) in the 1st year, but began to descend in the following years, and the IgG antibody of the most SARS patients disappeared in the 7th year. Regarding the IgM titer, it disappeared in most of the SARS patients 1 year later. The average value of nucleocaspid antibody titer was 1/146 (95% CI:1/122-1/171) in the 1st year, and it descended as the IgG antibody titer did. In 5 cases, differences appeared.The nucleocaspid antibody titer was between 1/156 and 1/210 in 3 cases, and 2 cases were normal.Immunochemical staining with mAb against N protein of SARS-CoV was identified in the stomach and enteric tissues of 5 SARS patients with the nucleocaspid antibody titer increased significantly, 1st-7th year later. The five patients were detected by gastroscopy detection and cell immunohistochemistry test. 3 cases showed N protein antibody positive in the serum, and positive immunohistochemical expression in most of the cytoplasm in the gastric tissue mucous gland epithelial cells. 1 case also expressed in the intestinal tissue slurry columnar epithelium and interstitial cells. The other two cases showed negative on both serum N protein antibody and immunohistochemical expression. The biopsy results of the 5 patients were as follows: 1 case diagnosed as "signet-ring cell carcinoma of the stomach and rectum multiple transfer", 1 case of gastric polyp, 1 case of superficial antral gastritis and 2 cases were normal. Conclusion By testing the special IgG, IgM, nucleocaspid antibody to SARS-CoV of the 14 family clustering cases , we found that they all decreased in the 7th year, and most of them disappeared. The nucleocaspid antibody titer was related to pathogenetic condition. SARS-CoV was proved to be still present in stomach and enteric tissues of SARS patients with the nucleocaspid antibody titer increased significantly after the 7th year.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 703-706, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the suppressive effect on the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in liver from brain dead (BD) rats through inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway by SB203580.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 30 male Wistar rats weighing from 180 to 200 g were randomly divided into 3 experimental groups: (1) BD group (n = 10): brain death was induced in rats; (2) BD+SB203580 group (n = 10): brain death was successfully induced and SB203580 (10 mg/kg) was given through dorsal vein of penis. After brain death artificial ventilation was maintained for 6 hours and only those with mean arterial blood pressure more than 80 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) were accepted as BD donors. (3) Control group (n = 10): living healthy rats. The expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA in liver tissues were analyzed by RT-PCR and the protein expressions of TNFalpha, IL-1beta and phosphorylated p38MAPK were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The phosphorylated p38MAPK detected in the liver in BD group was significantly increased compared with the control group (q = 172.53, P < 0.01), and the expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA and proteins in liver were also significantly increased in BD group compared with the control group (q = 123.99, 135.35, 243.09 and 192.23, respectively, P < 0.01). The phosphorylated p38MAPK was decreased in BD+SB203580 group and significantly decreased compared with the BD group (q = 63.90, P is less than 0.05), but higher than that in control group (q = 108.63, P < 0.01). The expressions of TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNA and proteins in liver were significantly decreased in BD+SB203580 group compared with the BD group (q = 55.11, 98.13, 61.03 and 50.85, respectively, P < 0.01), but higher than that in control group (q = 68.89, 37.22, 182.06 and 141.38, respectively, P < 0.01). SB203580 can suppress the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the liver of brain dead rats through the inhibition of p38MAPK signaling pathway which may reduce the immunogenicity of donor livers.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Death , Metabolism , Imidazoles , Pharmacology , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Pyridines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
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