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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863887


Objective:To study the role of miR-155 in the differentiation of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cells, and to explore the possible mechanism.Methods:Human miR-155 analogues were constructed and transfected into PTC BCPAP cells in vitro. CCK8 test and Transwell test were used to observe the changes of cell proliferation and invasiveness. The miR-155 was transfected into BCPAP cells in vitro and the protein background and phosphorylation expression of MAPK pathway were detected by Western blot. ERK pathway inhibitor U0126 was given to observe whether it could reverse the abnormal proliferation and invasion of thyroid cancer cells caused by over-expression of miR-155.Results:The proliferation of BCPAP cells was detected by CCK8 test 48 hours after overexpression of miR-155, and the invasiveness of thyroid cancer cells was significantly enhanced by Transwell test 48 hours after overexpression of miR-155 ( P<0.05) ; Western blot method found that the expression of JNK, ERK and p38 in MAPK signal pathway was significantly up-regulated ( P<0.05) . At the same time, the expression of p-ERK protein in the cells was increased significantly ( P<0.05) . The expression of p-ERK in the cells treated with ERK pathway inhibitor U0126 and miR-155 was significantly lower than that in the miR-155 group ( P<0.05) . By detecting the proliferation and invasion of cells in each group, we found that the U0126 could reverse the proliferation and invasion promoting effect caused by miR-155. Conclusion:miR-155 can promote the proliferation and invasion of PTC BCPAP cells by activating the ERK pathway of MAPK pathway, which provides a potential target for the treatment of thyroid cancer.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828397


Eleven compounds were isolated and purified from Sorghum vulgare root extract, through column chromatography over silica gel, MCI gel, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were established by MS, 1 D NMR and 2 D NMR data as sorgholide A(1), β-sitosterol(2), stigmastero(3), daucosterol(4), 4-methoxycinnamic acid(5), taxiphyllin(6), chlorogenic acid(7), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(8), succini acid(9), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(10), obtusalin(11). Compounds 4,5 and 9-11 were reported from this species for the first time, and compound 1 is the first 24 ring dimeric double lactonol glycoside formed by reverse polymerization of p-hydroxyphenylacetate glucoside, named sorgholide A.

Cardiac Glycosides , Glucosides , Glycosides , Phenols , Sorghum
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804796


Objective@#To analyze the characteristics and patterns of occupational pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province, China, from 2006 to 2017, and to provide a scientific basis for government departments to develop effective interventions and preventive strategies against occupational pneumoconiosis.@*Methods@#The data of 9327 patients with occupational pneumoconiosis were retrieved from the online report of occupational pneumoconiosis in Jiangsu Province from 2006 to 2017. Excel worksheet and SPSS 20.0 software were used to organize and analyze the data, respectively. An epidemiological statistical analysis was performed on age of onset, length of dust exposure, type of work, industry category, type of pneumoconiosis, annual incidence of pneumoconiosis, regional distribution, enterprise scale, and economic category in those patients.@*Results@#A total of 9 327 patients with occupational pneumoconiosis were reported in Jiangsu Province from 2006 to 2017. In those patients, 8 559 were newly diagnosed and 768 had advanced disease. The male-female ratio was 16.34:1.Patients with stage I pneumoconiosis(6 994, 74.99%) were dominant in all the patients. The mean age of onset and length of dust exposure were 58.5±10.7 and 15.3±10.9 years, respectively. Most of the patients (6 012, 64.46%) had an age of onset between 50 and 69 years. For the length of dust exposure, the highest percentage was observed in patients exposed for no more than 5 years (2 231, 23.92%).The largest number of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis(1 200, 12.87%) was reported in 2010. Most of the patients(7 012, 75.18%) were from four cities, i.e, Wuxi (2 090, 22.41%), Yancheng (1 987, 21.30%), Suzhou (1 552, 16.64%), and Xuzhou (1 383, 14.83%). In all the patients, the incidence of silicosis (6791, 72.81%) was highest, followed by coal worker pneumoconiosis (1 364, 14.62%) and electric welder pneumoconiosis (563, 6.04%).Pneumoconiosis complicated by tuberculosis was found in 28 (0.3%) patients.A total of 1616 (17.33%) patients were reported in health, social security, and social welfare industries, while 1474 (15.80%) patients worked for coal mining and washing. Rock drillers (2 818, 30.21%) were dominant in those patients.State-owned economic enterprises reported the largest number of patients(5 441, 58.34%).Patients from small enterprises (4 323, 46.35%) had the highest percentage.@*Conclusion@#Pneumoconiosis is an occupational disease with a high incidence in Jiangsu Province. Pneumoconiosis patients show an industry- and job-centered distribution. The length of dust exposure is decreasing.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690947


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To express and purify the mouse endothelial cell-targeted recombinant Notch ligand protein mD1R, and to investigate its effect on hematopoiesis after carbon tetrachloride damage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR was performed to clone and construct the expression vector pET22b(+)-mD1R. The mD1R successfully transformed into E. coli was induced by IPTG, and purified with Ni-beads affinity chromatography. The target protein was detected by SDS-PAGE. The fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis (FACS), cell adhesion test, immunofluorescence staining and quantitative real-time PCR were employed to detect the endothelial cell-targeted and Notch signaling-activated biological characteristics of mD1R. The carbon tetrachloride mouse model was established to observe the effects of mD1R on the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), myeloid cells and lymphoid cells by flow cytometry. The LinScal-1c-Kit cells were sorted by magnetic bead, FACS was performed to analyze the cell cycle, and RT-PCR was employed to observe the expression of interleukin (IL)-10.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prokaryotic expression vector was successfully cloned and constructed. The purity and the activity were confirmed in mD1R recombinant protein. The purified mD1R activated the Notch signaling pathway of hematopoietic stem cells in carbon tetrachloride damaged mouse, and internally elevated the number of HSC and long-term HSC to 2.96-fold and 6.18-fold. In addition, mD1R improved the amplification of the myeloid progenitor cells and the myeloid-derived suppressor cells, particularly the granulocyte/monocyte into blood. Mechanistically, the further analyses suggested that Notch pathway could increase the proliferation of HSC and enhance expression of IL-10 after stress injury.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A new and activated recombinant Notch ligand protein has been obtained successfully to communicate hematopoietic stem cells and hematopoietic microenvironment. The Notch- mediated intrinsic hematopoiesis has been regulated by the anti-inflammatory factor after stress injury.</p>

Animals , Carbon Tetrachloride , Escherichia coli , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Ligands , Mice , Receptors, Notch , Signal Transduction
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 364-366, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341364


<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study the biological behavior of hepatocarcinoma stem cells in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary liver carcinomas were induced in rats using diethylnitrosamine. Tumor cells from 8 rats were separated according to rats oval cell (OVC) markers CD34, c-Kit, Thy-1, AFP, CK7, CK8, CK14, CK18, CK19 and GGT and then they were separately injected into the livers of nude mice. The tumors grown from the different subpopulation of OVC markers in the nude mice livers (10 OVC markers negative or positive cells) were weighted 1 month after the inoculations. The hepatocarcinoma cell subpopulations with higher ability in causing tumor growths were further studied in vitro. The cell cycles and DNA content of those subpopulation cells were investigated using flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Subpopulation cells with CK7(-), Thy-1(+) and AFP(+) markers had a higher ability in causing tumors in nude mice; (2) Subpopulation cells, exhibiting characters of TSC, had a low growth rate in vitro.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>(1) Different subpopulations of hepatocarcinoma cells had different abilities in causing tumors in rats. Some subpopulation cells, such as CK7(-), Thy-1(+) and AFP(+) cells, have characteristics of tumor stem cells. (2) The hepatocarcinoma stem cells may have a low growth rate in vitro.</p>

Animals , Cell Cycle , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thy-1 Antigens , Tumor Cells, Cultured , alpha-Fetoproteins