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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the impact of sample pooling strategy on 2019-nCoV RNA detection results.Methods:Ten negative swabs were stored in 6 ml virus transport medium, mixed thoroughly and diluted 1∶2 and 1∶10. Inactivated 2019-nCoV culture medium was added to simulate pooling samples: 10 pooling samples, 5 pooling samples and 1 swab sample. Extraction and amplification were made using three nucleic acid extraction reagents a, b, and c with different extraction methods and systems, as well as five 2019-nCoV detection reagents A-E with various template loading volumes and sensitivities respectively.Results:For the same sample, the Ct values of extracted templates a were 2.10±0.47 and 3.46±0.62 earlier than extracted templates b and c. For samples with identical amplifying, the Ct valves of N and ORF1ab gene of A reagent were 1.16±0.48 and 2.36±0.54 earlier than that of reagent B. Adding nucleic acid of 10 negative swabs to the amplification system lagged the Ct values of reagent A by about 1.36±0.32 Ct, while Ct values of reagent B were not affected. Extracted by regent a, a lag of 1.66±0.39 Ct on average was observed in C, D, and E reagents in detecting pooling samples of ten swabs as compared with one swab sample. When extracting 400 copies/ml pooling samples of ten swabs by reagent a, N gene could be detected by reagents C and E, but not by reagent D.Conclusion:Large amount of extraneous DNA is introduced by sample pooling, which could interfere the effiency of extraction and amplification. Strategies of using extraction reagents with large loading volume and high effiency, together with amplification reagents with large template volume and low limit of detection are helpful for ensuring detection sensitivity of pooling samples, and greatly reducing the risk of false negative results.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate awareness of oral health care and health status among elderly people in nursing homes in Taiyuan. Strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and improving the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes were formulated on the basis of analyzed data.@*METHODS@#A total of 359 participants from 48 nursing homes in six districts were selected randomly. Awareness, attitude, and behavior with regard to oral health care among the elderly were investigated through a survey using questionnaires and oral health examinations. Data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0.@*RESULTS@#Among the elderly in the nursing homes in Taiyuan, awareness and behavior with regard to oral health care were deficient and inappropriate, and thus professional guidance was needed. In addition to method and time of brushing teeth and bad oral habits, the oral health status of the elderly was statistically affected by age and education. Compared with the data of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiological Investigation, the number of elderly people aged 55-64 or 65-74 years who brush their teeth every day and accept oral diagnosis and treatment was lower. However, the ratios of edentulous and missing teeth without treatment were higher than the national average level for the same age groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The awareness and attitude of the elderly in nursing homes with regard to oral health care are unsatisfactory, and their oral health status is poor. Education on oral health care, development of good oral care habits, and regular oral health examination are essential to the maintenance of oral health in elderly people.


Subject(s)
Aged , Health Status , Humans , Middle Aged , Mouth, Edentulous , Nursing Homes , Oral Health , Quality of Life , Toothbrushing
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746245

ABSTRACT

Objective Investigate the effect of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia on the detection of HBsAg by chemiluminescence and its elimination methods.Methods Case control study.The HBsAg in human serum was detected in 200 cases of hyperbilirubinemia neonates who were hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University from July 2015 to May 2016 and whose serum total bilirubin level exceeded 200 μmol/L.The positive serum was further detected by 16 200×g high-spoed centrifugation or blue light irradiation for 8 hours,and the results of re-assay of HBsAg were recorded.The retest positive serum wastested for HBV DNA load and checked the results of their mother's examination in HBV.136 adult serum samples with total bilirubin levels exceeding 200 μmol/L in the Peking University First Hospital,were taken as reference to compare the influence of hyperbilirubinemia between adults and newborns on the determination of HBsAg.Results The median level of serum total bilirubin in neonates was 259.0 μ mol/L (226.5,312.5);median level of indirect bilirubin 244.1 μmol / L(212.5,295.8).Median level of serum total bilirubin in adults 356.4 μmol/L(295.9,435.1);median level ofindirect bilirubin 137.1 μmol/L (107.8,172.7).The HBsAg test was negative in adults,11 cases (5.5%) were positive in newborns,their" HBV DNA load was less than<100 IU/ml.Among them,9 have inoculated hepatitis B vaccine and 2 were unknown.10 of 11 mothers of infants were healthy and 1 was positive for HBsAg,HBeAb,HBcAb.2 of the 11 positive specimens turned negative of HBsAg after high-speed centrifugation.In addition to high speed centrifugation,4 cases turned negative after blue light irradiation.5 cases remained positive after high speed centrifugation and blue light irradiation.Conclusions Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia,which is different from that of adults,is mainly caused by indirectly bilirubin increased,which is one of the main reasons for false positive detection of HBsAg by chemiluminescence in neonates.High-speed centrifugation and blue light irradiation can eliminate the influence of serum indirect bilirubin on the detection of HBsAg to the greatest extent.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821725

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare T-cell receptor (TCR) β chain complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) in the patients with coexistence of HBsAg and HBsAb and other HBV infected patients. @*Methods@#The clonotype and diversity of CDR3 in blood of group cases (positive HBsAg and HBsAb) (n=11), control 1 (negative HBsAg and positive HBsAb) (n=10) and control 2 (positive HBsAg and negative HBsAb) (n=10) were analyzed by high-throughput TCR sequencing with Illumina HiseqX10. @*Results@#In the case group, the overlap rate of 6.28% (0.25%, 13.10%) was detected between any two samples, which was significantly lower than the overlap rate of 10.49% (6.20%,17.30%) seen in control 1 group (P=0.008). In control 2 group, the overlap rate of 2.60% (0.13%,13.69%) was significantly lower than control 1 group (P=0.001). There was no difference between case group and control 2 group. After pairwise comparison between the three groups, the frequency of clonotype TRBV7-2/TRBD1/TRBJ2-1 in case group was higher than that of control 1 group (P=0.029), the frequency of TRBV7-3/TRBD1/TRBJ2-7 in case group was lower than that of control 1 group (P=0.031). The difference of TRBV5-8 was significant in comparing case group with control 1 group (P=0.047). There were 14 clonotypes which had differences between case group and control 2 group in frequency. TRBV28was significant in comparing case group with control 2 group (P=0.028). For diversity, there was no difference among the three groups. @*Conclusion@#Clonotype TRBV7-2/TRBD1/TRBJ2-1, TRBV7-3/TRBD1/TRBJ2-7 and TRBV5-8 were associated with coexistence of HBsAg and HBsAb, but the diversity was not associated with TCR β chain CDR3.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the necessity and suitability of the anti-HCV ELISA teot gray zone setted up by 7 blood station laboratories.@*METHODS@#7 blood station laboratories were coded as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively; 8 kinds of ELISA reagents were coded as A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H respectively. 1 or 2 of 8 ELISA reagents produced by different manufactories were used to detect the anti-HCV in specimens of same group by 7 blood station laboratories; the Westen blot was used to detect the specimens with difference of detected results so as to difine the serological status of specimens. The true positive rate of specimens detected by laboratories and gray zone-comfirined positive rate of specimens were accounted so as to analyze the necessity of setting up the gray zone for anti-HCV ELISA test of 7 blood station laboratories; the optimal cut-off value for anti-HCV ELISA test was determined in 7 blood station laborafories by ROC curve and the changes of sensitivity and specificity of 3 different cut-off value(laboratory work cut-off value, manifactory-recommended cun-off value and optimal cut-off value) were compared so as to analyze the suitability of gray zone for anti-HCV ELISA test in 7 blood station laboratories.@*RESULTS@#The true positive rate detected by 7 blood station laboratories, out of which coded 1 laboratory used 2 kinds of coded A, B reagents was 95.40%(1A), 99.23% (1B), 94.25% (2C), 96.17% (3D), 98.08% (4E), 96.93% (5F), 97.32%(6G) and 93.10%(7H). Except for 2C(94.25%) and 7H(93.10%), the true positive rate detected by laboratoies which not sutted up gray zone, the gray zone-con-firmed positive rate in 6 blood station laboratories setted up gray zone: was 0.00%, 0.00%, 21.43%, 0.00%, 0.00%, 0.00% and 38.89%. The comparison of 3 different cut-off valuces by ROC curve showed that the anti-HCV cut-off values in 5 laboratories(1B, 2C, 4E, 5F and 6G) were as follows: optimal cut-off value>manufactory recommeded cut-off value>laboratory work cut-off value, thus use of manufactory-recommeded cut-off value abreadly has reached the high sensitivity requinements for laboratory screening; however, the optimal cut-off value in laboratories 1A, 3B and 7H, thas the appropriate gray zone should be used. In 6 laboratories setting up gray zone, the gensitivity in 3D, 7H laboratories only a little improved (1.60% and 2.70% raspectively) in Eamparison between laboratory work cut-off value and manufactorg-recommeded cut-off value; moreover, the sensitivity in other laboratories not is changed, but the specificity decreased (0.20%-0.50%).@*CONCLUSION@#In addition to setting up the appropriate gray zone in laboratories 1A, 3D and 5H, the gray zone in other laboratories may be cancelled. Even in the same laboratory, the setting up the gray zone also should be scientifically assessed, the same scale cannot be blindly used, thus appropniate strategies should be established.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C Antibodies , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the performance of the chemiluminescence immune assay (CLIA) and the electro-chemiluminescence immuneoassay(ECLIA) for Treponemapallidum antibody(anti-TP) screening in blood donors.@*METHODS@#The sero-panel samples from NCCL were tested with ELISA, CLIA and ECLIA assays synchronously to evaluate their performances respectively.@*RESULTS@#The sensitivity and the negative predictive value of the CLIA were 100%, which were the same as one kind of ELISA, and better than the other ELISA; The specificity of the CLIA was 88.46%, the accuracy rate was 97.02%, the positive predictive value was 96.13%, which were higher than both ELISA. Due to the significant interference of sample heat inactivation in ECLIA detection, the result can not demonstrate the true performance of ECLIA in this study. The preliminary result was as follows: the sensitivity was 98.93%, the negative predictive value was 96.75%, and the accuracy rate, specificity and positive predictive value of ECLIA were 97.02%, 91.54% and 97.10% respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with ELISA, the CLIA has higher sensitivity and specificity and can be used for Treponemal antibody screening in blood bank. Unfortunately, the data in this study cannot come to a conclusion for ECLIA and needs more testing.


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Luminescence , Luminescent Measurements , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1220-1225, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of Lysimachia christinae in the treatment of cholecyst related diseases by network pharmacology. METHODS: The active ingredients of L. christinae were screened through TCMSP database with “Lipinski rule” and “Oral bioavailability >30%” rules, and their related targets were predicated correspondingly, then compound-target network were constructed by Cytoscape 3.2.1 software. Disease related targets were predicted by searching TTD database, OMIM database, PharmGKB database, DrugBank database and GAD database with “cholelithiasis” “gallstones” “cholecystitis” and “cholangitis” as keywords. Then, the network of disease-target was constructed and merged with active ingredient target to obtain therapeutic target. After pathway enrichment analysis of therapeutic target were performed by utilizing the DAVID database, molecular docking between target and active ingredient was also conducted in order to screen the main active ingredients of L. christinae. RESULTS: Twenty-seven active ingredients with good oral absorption and drug-like properties were screened from L. christinae. Thirty-three targets were attained after constructing and merging the network. Seven pathways, mainly related to cancer pathway and ABC transporter pathway were achieved. Top 4 active ingredients of L. christinae in the list of docking score were kaempferin, acacia, hesperetin and isorhamnetin, which acted on ABCC3, ABCB1, ABCC2, ABCB4 target. CONCLUSIONS: L. christinae treat cholecyst related diseases through ABC transporter pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 501-509, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690153

ABSTRACT

Poly (3-hydroxypropionate) (P3HP), a new member of thermoplastic of family polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), has excellent characteristics of biodegradability and biocompatibility. By now no reports can be found about wild-type bacteria that naturally synthesize P3HP, so the main way to produce P3HP is chemical and biological methods. Chemical method by adding high cost 3-HP monomers or their structural analogs as precursors, has the drawbacks of toxicity, low effectiveness and high cost. Biological method using engineered strain may utilize inexpensive and renewable carbon source to produce P3HP and has gradually become more and more popular. We systematically review here the biosynthesis of P3HP research progress. The advantages and disadvantages of biosynthesis pathways of glycerol pathway, malonyl-CoA pathway and β-alanine pathway were analyzed.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1330-1333, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665031

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common tachyarrhythmia in clinical practice. Owing to its high morbidity and mortality, early diagnosis of AF plays an important clinical significance in treatment and prognosis. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), as a sensitive marker of inflammatory and oxidative stress found in recent years, is involved in the occurrence and development of myocardial inflammation and fibrosis, which is closely related to atrial remodeling. Gal-3 inhibitor may decrease the risk of AF by reversing myocardial remodeling, which may provide a new theoretical basis and research direction for the upstream treatment of AF.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686699

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and confirm the hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) high specificity S/CO limit as blood donor deferral criterion.Methods A total of 783 HBsAg ELISA reactive and 588 non-reactive samples were collected, and confirmed by HBsAg electrochemiluminescence detection and neutralization test.Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the S/CO limit under 95% and 99% specificity.Another 124 HBsAg ELSIA reactive samples were tested for five kinds of hepatitis B virus(HBV) markers by using electrochemiluminescence detection to verify the blood donor deferral limit.The blood donor deferral limits of 3 laboratories, using the same reagents, were compared.Results The 95% specificity S/CO limit of two reagents were 0.24 and 0.65, the 99% specificity S/CO limit of two reagents were 3.89 and 3.62.The 99% specificity S/CO limit was set as the blood donor deferral criterion.Verify test indicated that the samples, with S/CO higher than the blood donor reentry limit of reagent 1 and 2, were all from HBV infected donor.The 99% specificity S/CO limits of reagent 1 in the other three laboratories were 3.77, 3.60 and 13.42 respectively.And the 99% specificity S/CO limits of reagent 2 in the other three laboratories were 27.73, 31.75 and 1.17.Conclusion The blood donor deferral limit of HBsAg ELISA could identify the true positive blood donor, and reduce the number of blood donor, entering the reentry process.It might not suit to adopt a unified donor deferral limit in different laboratories, even using the same reagents.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658830

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Method Sixty KOA patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group by using random number table, 30 cases each. The control group was intervened by oral administration of Celecoxib capsules, while the treatment group was given EA, 14 d as a treatment course. The changes of relevant cytokines [apelin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF soluble receptor (TNFsR)-Ⅰ, TNFsR-Ⅱ, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6] in serum of the two groups were observed.Result The intra-group comparisons of the total score, and the scores of pain, stiffness and dysfunction of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index showed significant differences in both groups (P<0.05); there were significant between-group differences in comparing the total score, and the scores of pain, stiffness and dysfunction of the WOMAC index after the treatment (P<0.05). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were changed significantly after the intervention in both groups (P<0.05); there was nosignificant difference in comparing the VAS score between the two groups after the treatment (P>0.05). The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and TNFsR-Ⅰ were significantly changed after the treatment in both groups (P<0.05); the level of IL-1β was markedly changed after the intervention in the control group (P<0.05); there was a significant change in the level of apelin after the intervention in the treatment group (P<0.05), and there was a significant difference in comparing the level of apelin between the two groups after the treatment (P<0.05).Conclusion EA can produce a satisfactory efficacy in treating KOA; it can significantly improve the symptoms and signs, and mitigate pain and symptoms through regulating the expressions of cytokines.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1048-1054, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779693

ABSTRACT

In this study, the three dimensional(3D)organoid culture system was established by liquid overlay method, and applied as an effective model to evaluate the hepatic injury of susceptible compounds in Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Compared with the ordinary two dimensional(2D)culture of liver cells, the albumin expression of L02 cells and HepG2 cells were increased by 2.5 and 6.7 times in the 3D organoid culture system, respectively. After the cultivation of 21 days, urea generation levels of 3D culture were increased by 8.3 and 15.5 times. More importantly, HepG2 cells were more suitable to development of organoids than L02 cells. The gene expressions of phase I and II drug metabolism enzymes of HepG2 cells cultured as 3D organoids were significantly increased than that in 2D culture, such as the fold changes of CYP2C9 was up to 381.9, CYP3A4 to 87.0, CYP2D6 to 312.6. In addition, drug transporter relative genes were also up-regulated. The results demonstrated that the liver synthesis and metabolic function of the 3D model were better than that of the 2D cultured hepatocytes. The results of hepatotoxicity evaluation showed this developed model can be used to assess the hepatotoxicity of acetaminophen and other positive control drugs, which were considered with defined hepatotoxicity. On the 3D culture model, the IC50 value of repeated drug dose administration was significantly lower than that of single dose administration. However, the IC50 of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-cis-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside(cis-SG), which is the susceptible compound in Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., could not be detected in 2D cultured model. With the treatment of a single dose administration in organ 3D culture model, the IC50 of cis-SG was 1.9 times than that of cyclosporine A, and the IC50 of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside(trans-SG)was 4.1 times than cis-SG. The hepatotoxicity results of cis-SG and trans-SG on the 3D cultures were similar to in vivo toxicity results obtained in previous work. On organ 3D culture model, the IC50 of cis-SG with repeat of administration decreased compared with that with single dose administration, suggesting that long-term medication may increase the risk of liver injury. In summary, the 3D organoid culture system can be used for a long period to preserve the capacity of liver synthesis and metabolism. The organoids were a model suitable for evaluation of mechanism of the drugs with low toxicity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661749

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Method Sixty KOA patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group by using random number table, 30 cases each. The control group was intervened by oral administration of Celecoxib capsules, while the treatment group was given EA, 14 d as a treatment course. The changes of relevant cytokines [apelin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, TNF soluble receptor (TNFsR)-Ⅰ, TNFsR-Ⅱ, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6] in serum of the two groups were observed.Result The intra-group comparisons of the total score, and the scores of pain, stiffness and dysfunction of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index showed significant differences in both groups (P<0.05); there were significant between-group differences in comparing the total score, and the scores of pain, stiffness and dysfunction of the WOMAC index after the treatment (P<0.05). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were changed significantly after the intervention in both groups (P<0.05); there was nosignificant difference in comparing the VAS score between the two groups after the treatment (P>0.05). The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and TNFsR-Ⅰ were significantly changed after the treatment in both groups (P<0.05); the level of IL-1β was markedly changed after the intervention in the control group (P<0.05); there was a significant change in the level of apelin after the intervention in the treatment group (P<0.05), and there was a significant difference in comparing the level of apelin between the two groups after the treatment (P<0.05).Conclusion EA can produce a satisfactory efficacy in treating KOA; it can significantly improve the symptoms and signs, and mitigate pain and symptoms through regulating the expressions of cytokines.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611091

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Qibai Pingfei Capsules(QPC) on the expression of monoamine neurotransmitters of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor(5-HT) and dopamine(DA) receptors of DA1 and DA5 in the rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accompanied with depression, and to explore the possible therapeutic mechanism. Methods Ninety male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely normal group, COPD depression group, QPC group, Venlafaxine group, and QPC plus Venlafaxine group. The rat model of COPD accompanied with depression was established by compound methods of smoking, food deprivation, water deprivation, forced swimming, shaking, and clipping tail. And then the effects of QPC on the lung function and the general characteristics were observed. Furthermore, the mRNA level of 5-HT1AR was determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR(RT-qPCR), and protein levels of DA-1 and DA-5 in rat hippocampus were assayed by Western blot analysis. Results Compared with the normal group, forced expiratory volume in 0.3 second(FEV0.3), the forced volume capacity(FVC) and FEV0.3/ FVC in the COPD depression group were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Compared with the COPD depression group, the values mentioned above were restored to different extents in the groups of QPC, Venlafaxine, and QPC plus Venlafaxine(P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, the expression levels of 5-HT1AR mRNA, and DA-1 and DA-5 protein in the COPD depression group were significantly down-regulated, and their levels were also slightly decreased in the treatment groups(P<0.05). Compared with the COPD depression group, the expression levels were up-regulated to various degrees in all of the treatment groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion QPC can increase the mRNA levels of 5-HT1AR and protein levels of DA-1 and DA-5 in the hippocampus of COPD with depression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328293

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of integrative medicine (IM) rehabilitation protocolon motor function, activity of daily living, and quality of life (QOL) in hemiplegia patients after stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 120 patients with post-stroke hemiplegia were allocated to four groups using sealed envalope drawing, i.e., the rehabilitation group, the Chinese medical treatment group, the acupuncture group, and the comprehensive rehabilitation group, 30 cases in each group. Based on routine rehabilitative training, patients in the Chinese medical treatment group, the acupuncture group, and the compre-hensive rehabilitation group received standardized treatment based on syndrome typing, Shi's Consciousness-Restoring Resuscitation acupuncture, Chinese herbs + acupuncture comprehensive rehabilitatino protocol, respectively. The treatmet cycle consisted of 4 weeks with 24-week follow-ups. Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA), Modified Barthel Index (MBI), and Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale(SS-QQL), and safety assessment were taken as main effect indices before treatment, at week 4 of treatment, at week 12 and 24 of follow-ups, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistical difference in FMA score, MBI score, SS-QOL score among the four groups before treatment (P > 0.05). These scores were significantly improved in the four groups at week 4 of treatment, week 12 and 24 of follow-ups, respectively (P < 0.05). Besides, FMA score and SS-QOL score were significantly improved in the comprehensive rehabilitation group at each corresponding time point, as compared with other treatment groups (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The comprehensive protocol could significantly improve motor function, activity of daily living in hemiplegia patients after stroke, and further improve their QOL. Its effect was better than other single treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia , Rehabilitation , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Motor Skills , Quality of Life , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309153

ABSTRACT

Maxillary transverse growth is inhibited by congenital cleft, early surgical scar strain, and oppression of lipmuscles in patients with cleft lip and palate. Clinical manifestations have shown severely constricted maxilla, insufficientmaxillary width, mismatch of upper and lower dental arches, and crossbite. Alveolar bone graft and arch expansion can effectively correct the deficiency in maxillary width. This paper discusses the timing and success rate of alveolar bone graft, as wellas the relationship between alveolar bone graft and arch expansion. Secondary alveolar bone graft is optimally performed beforepermanent canine eruption, especially when the teeth have formed between half and three quarters of their roots. Rapid maxillaryexpansion prior to alveolar bone graft is beneficial because this process increases the gap of the cleft, expands bone graft, andreduces the difficulty. However, the stability of this process remains controversial. Small-scale studies have reported that rapidmaxillary expansion after alveolar bone graft can open the midpalatal suture without bone graft loss. Slow maxillary expansioncan provide continuous light forces to reconstruct the bone. However, these studies are coordinated with fixed orthodontictreatment. Further research is necessary to determine the effects of maxillary expansion on long-term stability of teeth.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Grafting , Bone Transplantation , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Dental Arch , Humans , Malocclusion , Maxilla , Palatal Expansion Technique , Time Factors , Tooth Eruption
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485967

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze some clinical factors influencing the treatment outcomes by Peer assessment rating(PAR).Meth-ods:80 cases underwent othordontic therapy were included.The clinical data and treatment effects were analyzed by PAR,the behav-ioral and psychological evaluation of the subjects was collected and analyzed by statistics.Results:Improvement and great improvement were achieved in 42.5% and 56.3% of the patients.There was no significant difference in different groups of gender,bone-facial con-tour classification and tooth extraction,but there was a significant difference in different groups of Angle classification in terms of pre-treatment PAR and reduction of PAR.There was a linear regression between pre-treatment PAR and reduction of PAR and percentage reduction of PAR,respectively.PAR showed more decrease in the patients of Angle class III classification,than in those with Class II and Class I.Conclusion:PAR is less influenced by gender,bone-facial contour,classification and tooth extraction.PAR evaluation shows that the more severe initial Angle malocclusion the patients have,the more significant improvement they may finally obtain.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many researchers at home and abroad think that interlocking intramedul ary nails may be more suitable for comminuted fractures of the tibia with severe soft tissue injury. Plate fixation is more advantageous for distal tibial fractures. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of multifunctional locking intramedul ary nail and locking plate in treatment of extraarticular proximal tibial fractures. METHODS: 156 patients with extraarticular proximal tibial fractures were included and divided into intramedul ary nail group (n=78) and the locking plate group (n=78) according to repair method. Curative effects and healing time were compared between the two groups. At 3 months after treatment, Johner-Wruh tibial fracture scores were used to assess the repair effect in both groups. In addition, operation time, blood loss, healing time and complications were compared between the two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Mean healing time was 9.3 months in the locking plate group and 9.2 months in the intramedul ary nail group. At 3 months after treatment, the repair effect was significantly better in the intramedul ary nail group than in the locking plate group (P < 0.05). Blood loss and time were less in the intramedul ary nail group than in the locking plate group (P < 0.05), and surgical difficulty was high. At 3 months after treatment, the incidence rates of tibia eversion/inversion, neurovascular injury and nonunion/infection were significantly lower in the intramedul ary nail group than in the locking plate group (P < 0.05). These findings confirmed that the multifunctional locking intramedul ary nailing for extraarticular proximal tibial fractures obtained reliable efficacy, exact effect, reduced blood loss and low incidence of complications. Thus, it is better than locking plate.

19.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 731-736, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of tooth extraction with antibiotics on atherosclerosis, and to examine the expression of serum interleukin 6(IL-6) and the pathological changes of the carotid artery in chronic periodontitis(CP) rats with or without atherosclerosis(As).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 44 SD rats were randomly divided into four groups, group A(normal control), group B(As), group C(CP), group D(CP+As). After model establishment, group C and group D were randomly divided into group C1/D1 (tooth extraction) and group C2/D2(tooth extraction with antibiotics) according to random number table and received the corresponding oral intervention treatment respectively. Serum IL-6 levels were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) respectively one week before the intervention, one week after the first intervention, one, three, five weeks after the second intervention. The pathological changes of the carotid artery were accessed under light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At all sampling time points, the levels of serum IL-6 in group B, C, D were higher than that of group A, with group D1 being increased most obviously, significantly higher than that of group A(P< 0.001). One week after the second intervention, the content of IL-6 in group C and group D peaked[C1(127.0 ± 29.9) ng/L, C2: (120.6 ± 23.1) ng/L, D1: (175.1 ± 50.8) ng/L, D2: (160.5 ± 37.7) ng/L], and was significantly higher than that of group B[B: (43.4 ± 7.5) ng/L,P<0.001]. Then they all had varying degrees of decline, 5 weeks after the second intervention, group C1 and D1 were still higher than that of group B, but group C2 and D2 were lower than that of group B. At all sampling time points, the levels of serum IL- 6 in group C2/D2 were lower than those in group C1/D1, 5 weeks after the second intervention the difference was most obvious and statistically significant(P<0.001). Pathology showed that the carotid artery wall in group A was normal. The carotid artery wall was thickened in group B, inflammatory cells and foam cells could be seen, and elastic fibers disordered. The carotid artery wall in group C1 was uneven, foam cells and a small amount of inflammatory cells were visible, and elastic fiber disordered. Obvious thickening was not seen in the carotid artery wall of group C2, a small amount of foam cells and inflammatory cells were found, and elastic fiber mildly disordered. The carotid artery wall in group D1 was obviously uneven, calcium salt deposits were visible in the artery wall, a large amount of inflammatory cells and foam cells could be found, and elastic fiber disordered. Obvious thickening was not seen in the carotid artery wall of group D2, a small amount of inflammatory cells and a large amount of foam cells could be seen, and elastic fiber disordered.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Periodontitis and hyperlipidemia could increase the level of serum IL- 6 and the risk of the As. In chronic periodontitis rats with or without atherosclerosis, when periodontal inflammation was not controlled, tooth extraction may increase the risk of the As. At the time of tooth extraction, giving the anti-inflammatory treatment can reduce the risk to a certain extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Aorta , Chemistry , Pathology , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Carotid Arteries , Metabolism , Pathology , Chronic Periodontitis , Blood , Foam Cells , Pathology , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tooth Extraction
20.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 155-160, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274118

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of periodontal mechanical treatment on serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and carotid artery matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 expression in chronic periodontitis (CP) SD rats with atherosclerosis (As).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-four six-week-old male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group (group A), As group (group B), As+CP group(group C). According to different periodontal interventions, group C was randomly subdivided into four groups: natural process group (C1), the periodontal mechanical treatment group (C2), the periodontal mechanical treatment+ local drugs group (C3), and the periodontal mechanical treatment+local and system drugs group (C4). Each group received the appropriate treatment and periodontal interventions. Serum IL-6 levels were determined by enzyme linked immunosorrbent assay (ELISA). MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels in the proximal aorta were examined by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The gray value of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was basically the same in all groups. Compared with group A, the gray value of MMP-2 and MMP-9 of group B and C were decreased. C1 group showed the formation of atherosclerotic plaque and fibrous cap. Compared with group B (126.4 ± 2.0, 124.8 ± 2.8) , the gray value of group C1 (101.3 ± 2.4, 101.2 ± 4.1) was significantly weaker (P < 0.05). The staining depth of MMP-2 and MMP-9 of groups C1, C2, C3 and C4 were sequentially decreased, and the differences of gray value were statistically significant(P < 0.05). The levels of serum IL-6 in groups B and C1 increased gradually with time and became significantly higher than that of group A (P < 0.01). The levels of serum IL-6 in groups C2, C3, and C4 increased gradually and reached the peak 5 weeks after the establishment of model (P < 0.001). After that, the levels of serum IL-6 decreased gradually and was lower than baseline. The levels of serum IL-6 in groups C3 and C4 were significantly lower than that in group C2 7 weeks after the establishment of model(P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In rats with periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases, chronic periodontal inflammation may significantly increase the severity of As and promote the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. Mechanical periodontal therapy may cause short-term systemic inflammation and then reduce vascular inflammation in long term.With supplement use of local and systemic antibiotics, the mechanical periodontal therapy may get the vascular disease and systemic inflammation improved.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Atherosclerosis , Carotid Arteries , Metabolism , Chronic Periodontitis , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Periodontitis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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