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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1050-1052, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818650

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore associated factors of mobile phone dependence and its relation with psychological resilience among college students.@*Methods@#College students from 5 universities in Hefei were randomly selected through multi-stage sampling (stratified clustering) and investigated with questionnaires. A total of 2 502 college students were included in the analysis.@*Results@#Mobile phone dependence among college students differed by gender (χ2=18.25, P<0.01), residence (χ2=17.71, P<0.01), whether in a relationship(χ2=8.09, P<0.01), grade(χ2=19.58, P<0.01), only child(χ2=7.48, P<0.01), family economic status (χ2=17.43, P<0.01) and time spent in mobile phone (χ2=73.46,P<0.01) while no similar differences were found by family structure and length of mobile phone ownership. Spearman correlation showed negative correlation (P<0.01) between mobile phone dependence and psychological resilience. Logistic regression model results showed that female, not in a relationship, lower grade, less time spent in mobile phone and high psychological resilience were negatively correlated with mobile phone dependence. Compared with students from rural areas, urban area was positively associated with mobile phone dependence. Emotional control, family support, and interpersonal assistance associated with lower risk for mobile phone dependence.@*Conclusion@#Mobile phone dependence is affected by gender, relationship status, grade, usage duration, and residence. High psychological resilience associated negatively with risk for mobile phone dependence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508869

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the prevalence and associated factors of adult female urinary incontinence in Hebei province. Methods Stratified and multistage sampling method was used, between January 2016 to May 2016, to investigate the target population in Hebei province. While, logistic regression was used to analyse datas. Results A population-based survey was conducted in 2 450 women in Hebei province, there were 2 408 effective questionnaires after deleting 48 invalid questionnaires. According to the results, the average age of subjects was (56±15) years old, and the urinary incontinence prevalence of adult female in Hebei province was 27.70%(667/2 408). Stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence were diagnosed as 23.13%(557/2 408), 1.58%(38/2 408) and 2.99%(72/2 408), respectively. There were only 2.85% (19/667) urinary incontinence patients seeking medical help. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age, daily water intake, pulmonary diseases, urinary tract infection, hypertension, chronic low back pain, dysmenorrhea, vaginitis, abortion, mode of delivery, postpartum infection were statistically significant (all P≤0.05). Among these factors, cesarean section was the protective factor for urinary incontinence (OR=0.365, 95%CI: 0.195-0.685, P<0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of urinary incontinence in adult female in Hebei province is high, and there are few patients seeking medical help. It is a common disorder in women and is associated with many factors;among these factors, cesarean section is the protective factor for urinary incontinence.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1917-1921, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251274

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Infection and aseptic loosening are common complications of total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) and often require revision surgery. However, bone defects, along with other complications, bring an extra difficulty to the second surgery, especially for patients with a massive bone defect in the proximal ulna. Several methods including allograft or autograft have been introduced into practice, but none sufficiently solves these problems.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a new surgical method for patients with a massive ulnar bone defect needing revision TEA. During revision arthroplasty, the ulnar prosthesis was inserted into the radius as a salvage procedure. Four consecutive patients received revision arthroplasty with this method between 2013 and 2016. Patients' data were collected to evaluate the clinical outcome.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients had a Grade III ulnar bone defect. At the last follow-up session, all patients reported a painless, functional elbow joint. Three patients suffered from a periprosthetic infection that was completely cured using the two-stage method. No major complications, including infection, aseptic loosening, or wound problems were found. One patient had a transient ulnar neuritis, and another had a transient radial neuritis. Both patients had full recovery at the last follow-up session.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inserting an ulnar prosthesis into the radius is a novel procedure for patients with a massive bone defect due to infection or aseptic loosening. It is a safe, quick, and effective treatment with a promising short-term outcome. This method should be provided as a salvage procedure for patients with a nonreconstructable ulnar bone defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement , Methods , Elbow , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Radius , General Surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Reoperation , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , General Surgery
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of inhibited Annexin A2 (ANXA2) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.@*METHODS@#Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting ANXA2 was designed and cloned into double marked lentivirial vector GV248 for RNAi to generate the recombinant expression plasmids, which were stably transfected into HUVECs. The protein and mRNA expression levels of ANXA2 were analyzed by western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Cell proliferation (cell counting kit-8 assay), apoptosis (flow cytometry analysis), the expression (western blotting) and the activity of caspases (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) were used to assess the effects of silencing ANXA2 on HUVECs in vitro.@*RESULTS@#The plasmids to express ANXA2-specific shRNA were constructed and were infected into HUVEC resulting in the stably transfected experimental (ANXA2-shRNA), control (control-shRNA) and mock (no plasmid) cell lines, which were verified with western blot and real-time PCR. HUVEC/ANXA2-shRNA showed an inhibition rate 91.89% of ANXA2 expression compared to the mock HUVEC. ANXA2 silencing cell strain obviously presented a lower cell proliferation activity compared to the control and mock HUVECs, with an inhibition rate 82.35% on day 7 in vitro. FACS analysis indicated that the HUVEC/ANXA2-shRNA cells undergoing apoptosis increased by 102.61% compared to the mock HUVECs (P < 0.01). Moreover, the activity levels of caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9 in HUVEC/ANXA2-shRNA cells were increased and the activated cleaved caspase-3, cleaved caspase-8 and cleaved caspase-9 were upregulated evidently compared with that of the control and mock HUVECs by 56.29%, 89.59% and 144.58% (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#shRNA-mediated silencing of ANXA2 could not only be able to suppress HUVECs proliferation but to upregulate the enzyme activity of caspases, which bring to an increase of cell apoptosis. This work suggested that ANXA2 may represent a useful target of future molecular therapies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683388

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate insulin resistance and the effect of physical training on it in the pa- tients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods One hundred and twenty NYHAⅡ-ⅢCHF patients were ran- domly divided into a training group( n = 65 ) and a routine therapy group (n = 55 ). Another 35 healthy subjects were recruited as control group. All the patients were treated with routine anti-CHF drugs, and the training group patients had received physical training twice a day in addition. The HOMA-IR, insulin sensitivity index (ISI) , left ventricu- lar ejection fraction (LEVF), left ventricular fractional shortening( LVFS), 6-minute walking distance, heart rate and mean blood pressure were compared between the training and routine therapy groups before and after physical ex- ercise in both groups, and a comparison was made between the patients and the controls before the intervention with regard to HOMA-IR and ISI. Results Comparing with control group, ISI was reduced while the HOMA-IR in- creased (P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568057

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the prokaryotic expression plasmid of human prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA),to induce the expression of GST-PSCA fusion protein in E. coli BL21,and to identify the purified recombinant fusion protein. Methods The fragment of PSCA gene was amplified by PCR,and then cloned into the pGEM-T Easy vector. The transitional plasmid Teasy-PSCA was identified by DNA sequencing. The PSCA gene was digested from the plasmid Teasy-PSCA by restrictive enzyme BamH I and Sal I,and then inserted into the pET42a vector which contains a glutathione s-transterase (GST) tag. Following the double restriction enzyme digestion,the recombinant plasmid pET42a-PSCA was obtained and transformed into E. coli BL21 (DE3). The expression of GST-PSCA fusion protein was induced with IPTG. The recombinant fusion protein was purified by passing over a Glutathione Sepharose 4B column,and was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Results The length of amplified PSCA gene fragment was consistent with that expected,and the sequence was correct as exemplified by the PSCA gene reported in GenBank. The result of enzyme digestion indicated that the prokaryotic expression plasmid pET42a-PSCA was successfully constructed. After transformation with pET42a-PSCA and induction with IPTG,the recombinant target protein of about 43kD was obtained. The GST-PSCA fusion protein was correctly identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. Conclusions The prokaryotic expression plasmid of human PSCA gene has been successfully constructed. The GST-PSCA fusion protein may express and be purified in E. coli BL21,and it lays a foundation for further study on the anti-prostate cancer gene vaccine.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567332

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct eukaryotic expression plasmid pEE14.1-dsFv?pr+,and detect the expression of the recombined gene in eukaryotic CHO-K1 cells.Methods The cationic DNA fragment was cloned into the 3' of VH gene by overlapping extension PCR,and the 6?His tab was inserted to the 3' of VL and human IFN-? gene by the same way.The above mentioned recombinant VH and VL genes were inserted into a pCI-GPI vector first,and then cloned into the pEE14.1 vector to construct the recombinant plasmid pEE14.1-dsFv?pr+.Finally,the recombinant plasmid was transfected into the CHO-K1 cells by LipofectamineTM 2000,and the expression was detected by RT-PCR,ELISA and Western blotting.Results The enzyme digestion and sequencing analysis showed that the recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed.RT-PCR showed that only the cells with transfected plasmid can generate the specific 1700bp fragment.ELISA analysis showed that the production of IFN-?expressed in the supernatant of transfected cells was about 1.1ng/ml.Also,Western blotting could reveal the characteristic band of HBsAg dsFv?pr+ protein.Conclusion The antibody targeting to human IFN-?genes has been successfully expressed in a single open reading frame.Changing the electricity of the antibody may provide the necessary condition for the study of the a new type of anti-HBV drug in nanoscale in the future.

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