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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922469

ABSTRACT

Human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have emerged as an important source of stem cells in the tissue engineering, and hypoxia will change various innate characteristics of DPSCs and then affect dental tissue regeneration. Nevertheless, little is known about the complicated molecular mechanisms. In this study, we aimed to investigate the influence and mechanism of miR-140-3p on DPSCs under hypoxia condition. Hypoxia was induced in DPSCs by Cobalt chloride (CoCl


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Humans , Hypoxia , Methyltransferases , MicroRNAs
2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 459-463, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of coronary angiography-based fractional flow reserve(caFFR)versus a wire-based fractional flow reserve(FFR)in elderly patients with stable ischemic heart disease.Methods:A total of 168 patients(186 vessels)who underwent a pressure wire(PW)-based FFR measurement from Jan.2015 to Dec.2019 in Beijing hospital were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively.Coronary angiography images and matched steady-state aortic pressure of patients were sent to the core laboratory for caFFR measurement under the blind method.All patients were divided into the non-elderly group(<65 years, n=93)and the elderly group(≥65 years, n=75). The diagnostic value of caFFR was evaluated by using the wire-based FFR cut-off value of ≤0.80 as the reference standard.The correlation and consistency of caFFR and wire-based FFR were analyzed, and compared between the non-elderly and elderly groups.Results:The caFFR had a good correlation and consistency with wire-based FFR in the elderly group( r=0.796, P<0.01). In non-aged versus elderly groups, diagnostic accuracy of caFFR was 91.9% versus 93.1%, diagnostic sensitivity of caFFR was 91.8% vs.93.2%, diagnostic specificity of caFFR was 92.3% vs.93.0%, all P>0.05.The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of caFFR had no significant difference between the non-elderly and elderly patients(0.964 vs.0.972, Z=0.00823, 95% CI: -0.037-0.052, P>0.05). Conclusions:The caFFR has a good diagnostic correlation and consistency with wire-based FFR in the elderly group, and caFFR's diagnostic performance in the elderly is similar to that in the non-elderly patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910594

ABSTRACT

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by progressive pancreatic fibrosis, which can lead to irreversible pancreatic endocrine and exocrine dysfunction. Previous reported studies suggested that in patients with CP, there are varying degrees of intestinal bacteria imbalance. In addition, intestinal bacteria have been found to associate with a variety of fibrosis-related diseases. The purpose of this study is to analyze the possible mechanisms of intestinal bacteria in progression of pancreatic fibrosis in CP, by investigating regulation of intestinal barrier, regulation of immunity, and synthesis and release of metabolites, to provide further references in exploring the clinical value of intestinal bacteria in diagnosis and treatment of CP.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture at Baihui (DU20) and Shenting (DU24) on brain function of APP/PS1 mice. Methods:Sixteen 4-month-old APP/PS1 mice in the same litter were randomly divided into model group (n = 8) and electroacupuncture group (n = 8). Eight transgenic negative mice in the same litter were as control group. The electroacupuncture group accepted electroacupuncture at Baihui and Shenting for 16 weeks. They were assessed with Object Recognition Test before and after intervention, and observed under small animal functional magnetic resonance imaging with regional homogeneity (ReHo) analysis. Results:Compared with the control group, the discrimination ratio decreased in the model group after intervention (P < 0.05), while it increased in the electroacupuncture group compared with that in the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, ReHo of right basal forebrain and left hippocampus decreased in the model group before intervention. Compared with the control group, ReHo decreased in bilateral hippocampus group and increased in retrosplenial cortex in the model group after intervention; while it increased in bilateral hippocampus and motor cortex and decreased in anterior cingulate gyrus in the electroacupuncture group compared with that in the model group. Conclusion:Electroacupuncture at Baihui and Shenting may delay the decline of learning and memory ability in Alzheimer's disease model mice, which may relate to the regulation of functional activities in hippocampus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of Clavien-Dindo classification in evaluation of postoperative short-term complications of Da Vinci robotic-assisted or laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy. Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 262 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the 940th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of Chinese People′s Liberation Army from January 2016 to January 2019 were collected. There were 214 males and 48 females, aged (58±11) years, with a range from 17 to 81 years. Of 262 patients, 120 cases undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted total gastrectomy + D 2 lymphadenectomy + Roux-en-Y anastomosis were divided into robotic group, and 142 cases undergoing laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy + D 2 lymphadenectomy + Roux-en-Y anastomosis were divided into laparoscopic group. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative and postoperative situations; (2) postoperative pathological examination; (3)complications; (4) stratified analysis; (5) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect complications, tumor recurrence and survival of patients within postoperative 2 months. The follow-up was up to May 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ranked data between groups was analyzed using the rank sum test. Results:(1) Intraoperative and postoperative situations: cases undergoing conversion to open surgery, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, the number of lymph node dissected, time to first flatus, time to initial fluid diet intake, duration of postoperative hospital stay of the robotic group were 1, (243±42)minutes, 100 mL(range, 100-150 mL), 38±15, (2.8±1.0)days, 3 days(range, 3-4 days), 11 days(range, 9-13 days), respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 2, (244±38)minutes, 100 mL(range, 100-150 mL), 34±14, (3.2±1.0)days, 4 days(range, 3-5 days), 10 days(range, 9-13 days), respectively. There were significant differences in the number of lymph node dissected, time to first flatus, time to initial fluid diet intake between the two groups ( t=2.068, -3.030, Z=-3.370, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases undergoing conversion to open surgery, the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( χ2=0.000, t=-0.158, Z=-1.824, -0.088, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative pathological examination: cases with well differentiated tumor, moderately differentiated tumor, poorly differentiated tumor, signet ring cell carcinoma or other types of tumor, cases in stage T1b, T2, T3 or T4a (pT staging), cases in stage N0, N1, N2, N3a or N3b (pN staging), cases in stage ⅠB, ⅡA, ⅡB, ⅢA, ⅢB or ⅢC (pTNM staging) of the robotic group were 6, 50, 55, 9, 10, 22, 63, 25, 42, 19, 19, 24, 16, 17, 22, 23, 20, 23, 15, respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 4, 42, 84, 12, 6, 18, 81, 37, 39, 27, 32, 19, 25, 13, 19, 28, 39, 16, 27, respectively. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=-1.880, -1.827, -0.140, -1.460, P>0.05). (3) Complications: cases with complication classified as grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, grade Ⅳa, grade Ⅳb of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases with death, cases with overall complications, cases with severe complications of the robotic group were 9, 6, 3, 2, 2, 0, 0, 22, 7, respectively. The above indicators of the laparoscopic group were 12, 15, 9, 6, 3, 1, 1, 47, 20, respectively. There were significant differences in cases with overall complications, cases with severe complications between the two groups ( χ2=7.309, 4.790, P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in cases with complication classified as grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ, grade Ⅲa, grade Ⅲb, grade Ⅳa, grade Ⅳb of Clavien-Dindo classification, cases with death between the two groups ( χ2=0.080, 2.730, 1.042, 0.704, 0.000, 0.000, 0.000, P>0.05). (4) Stratified analysis: of the patients with overall complications in robotic group, cases of male or female, cases aged ≥65 years or <65 years, cases with body mass index (BMI) ≥24 kg/m 2 or <24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter ≥5 cm or <5 cm, cases with or without abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at upper stomach or middle stomach, cases in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade or Ⅲ grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, cases with well differentiated tumor or undifferentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ or stage Ⅲ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time ≥250 minutes or <250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss ≥150 mL or <150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected ≥25 or <25 were 15, 7, 14, 8, 11, 11, 16, 6, 4, 18, 19, 3, 15, 7, 7, 15, 8, 14, 12, 10, 12, 10, 14, 8, respectively. The above indicators of patients with overall complications in the laparoscopic group were 33, 14, 17, 30, 16, 31, 36, 11, 11, 36, 27, 20, 31, 16, 13, 34, 14, 33, 24, 23, respectively. Of the patients with overall complication, there were significant differences in cases of male, cases aged ≥65 years or <65 years, cases with BMI<24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter≥5 cm, cases without abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at middle stomach, cases in Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade or Ⅲ grade of ASA classification, cases with well differentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅲ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time ≥250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss <150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected ≥25 between the two groups ( χ2=6.683, 4.207, 6.761, 7.438, 4.297, 6.325, 9.433, 3.970, 4.850, 4.911, 3.952, 3.915, 6.865, 4.128, P<0.05) and there was no significant difference in cases of female, cases with BMI≥24 kg/m 2, cases with tumor diameter <5 cm, cases with abdominal surgery, cases with tumor located at upper stomach, cases with undifferentiated tumor, cases in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ (pTNM staging), cases with operation time < 250 minutes, cases with volume of intraoperative blood loss ≥150 mL, cases with the number of lymph node dissected <25 between the two groups ( χ2=0.277, 1.052, 1.996, 1.552, 2.172, 2.594, 2.244, 3.771, 1.627, 3.223, P>0.05). (5) Follow-up: 262 patients were followed up postoperatively for 2 months. During the follow-up, no patient was diagnosed with tumor recurrence, and one patient in the laparoscopic group died of severe infection. Conclusions:The Clavien-Dindo classification can be used in evaluating postoperative short-term complications of Da Vinci robotic-assisted or laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy. Compared with laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy, Da Vinci robotic-assisted total gastrectomy with D 2 lymphadenectomy has the advantages of minimally invasiveness, low incidence of overall and severe complication.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy and explore its application value.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 285 patients with periampullary diseases who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy in the the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2015 to September 2018 were collected. There were 183 males and 102 females, aged (56±14)years, with a range from 12 to 84 years. According to the random numbers showed in the computer, patients were randomly divided into training dataset consisting of 214 patients and validation dataset consisting of 71 patients, with a ratio of 3∶1. The training dataset was used to construct prediction model, and the validation dataset was used to evaluate performance of prediction model. Observation indicators: (1) incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula; (2) construction of prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy; (3) validation of prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were conducted using the Logistic regression model. The accuracy of prediction model was analyzed by drawing receiver operating characteristic curve and calculating area under curve (AUC). Results:(1) Incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula: of 214 patients in the training dataset, 45 patients had postoperative pancreatic fistula, including 39 of grade B and 6 of grade C, respectively. (2) Construction of prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Results of univariate analysis showed that body mass index(BMI), diameter of the main pancreatic duct on computed tomography (CT) scan, diameter of the main pancreatic duct by intraoperative exploration, pancreas texture, and level of amylase in ascites at the postoperative first day were related factors for pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy ( χ2=32.450, 15.789, 19.577, 4.559, Z=-7.962, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that BMI>25 kg/m 2, diameter of the main pancreatic duct by intraoperative exploration <3 mm and level of amylase in ascites at the postoperative first day >2 651U/L were independent risk factors for pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy ( odds ratio=0.148, 4.286, 0.086, 95% confidence interval: 0.058-0.376, 1.736-10.580, 0.032-0.231, P<0.05). Based on results of multivariate analysis, a prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy was built: the predicted value of pancreatic fistula=Exp[0.452-1.914(BMI)+ 1.455(diameter of the main pancreatic duct by intraoperative exploration)-2.451(level of amylase in ascites at the postoperative first day)]/1+ Exp[0.452-1.914(BMI)+ 1.455(diameter of the main pancreatic duct by intraoperative exploration)-2.451(level of amylase in ascites at the postoperative first day)]. The model had the AUC of 0.888 (95% confidence interval : 0.832-0.943, P<0.05). (3) Validation of prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy: in the validation dataset, the prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy had the AUC of 0.868 (95% confidence interval: 0.780-0.957, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the AUC between the training dataset and validation dataset ( Z=0.514, P>0.05). Conclusions:BMI>25 kg/m 2, diameter of the main pancreatic duct by intraoperative exploration <3 mm and level of amylase in ascites at the postoperative first day >2 651 U/L are independent risk factors for pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Construction of a prediction model of pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduo-denectomy can effectively predict the risks of postoperative pancreatic fistula.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847589

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fracture of the pubic branch is a common type of anterior pelvic ring injury. Fixation of the pubic branch fracture can reduce the stress level of the posterior pelvic ring fixation system and reduce the separation of the pubic symphysis, which is beneficial to the stability of the pelvic ring. Both percutaneous screw fixation and traditional open reduction and internal fixation can be used to fix pubic branch fractures, but which method is better has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of percutaneous screw fixation with conventional open reduction and plate fixation for pubic branch fracture. METHODS: Sixty-five patients of pubic branch fracture undergoing the surgical treatment at the Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University between January 2014 and December 2018 were included. The patients were randomly divided into percutaneous screw fixation group (n=33) and open reduction and plate fixation group (n=32). The patients signed the informed consents and the study was approved by the ethics committee of the hospital. The number of cases, sex, age, fracture classification, and American Society of Anesthesiologists score had no significant difference between two groups. The operation time, total blood loss, postoperative transfusion cases, incision length, postoperative discharge time and complications in both groups were recorded. Postoperative Matta score, Visual Analogue Scale score before and after surgery, and Majeed score during follow-up were recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Thirty patients in both groups were followed up, which was 8-59 months in the percutaneous screw fixation group, and 8-57 months in the open reduction and plate fixation group. (2) The percutaneous screw fixation group had smaller incision, lower incision infection rate, less bleeding, and shorter postoperative hospitalization time (P 0.05). (4) The excellent and good rate of Matta score in the percutaneous screw fixation group was less than that in the open reduction and plate fixation group, and the difference was insignificant (P > 0.05). (5) There was no significant difference in the Majeed score at postoperative 6 months between two groups (P > 0.05). (6) Our results indicate that percutaneous screw fixation can achieve the same good effect as traditional plate fixation, and has the advantages of less trauma and faster postoperative recovery compared with traditional plate fixation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846582

ABSTRACT

There are an increasing number of patients suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in our country and overseas. After the outbreak, the state health administrative sections have updated steadily several editions of Diagnosis and Treatment of Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia. According to the change of exposition of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment in these editions and the characteristics of cases in clinic, COVID-19 corresponds to pestilence category of TCM, which also based on the ancient literatures from the seasonal-febrile-disease subject of TCM. The disease contributes to pestilential pathogen caused by specifically regional climate characteristics of Wuhan city. It is important for COVID-19 patients to eliminate pathogens as soon as possible, which should apply defense-qi-nutrient-blood diagnosis to different courses of disease. The TCM therapy should be established according to the different organs where the virus lives and characters. In order to control the epidemic at an early date, it is necessary to consider the local conditions and use the combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine to treat COVID -19 patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821657

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of rational emotive therapy on negative emotions among advanced schistosomiasis patients with repeated hospitalizations. Methods A total of 97 advanced schistosomiasis patients with anxiety and depressive emotions that were hospitalized in Xiangyue Hospital of Hunan Institute of Schistosomiasis Control for three times or more were enrolled, and given rational emotive therapy for 4 weeks in addition to routine nursing care. The scores for anxiety, depression and quality of life were estimated in patients before and after the rational emotive therapy using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SRS), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and WHOQOL-BREF Form. Results The SAS and SDS scores were significantly lower 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (SAS score, 45.40 ± 7.77 vs. 59.25 ± 9.29, t = 14.021, P < 0.01; 51.48 ± 8.01 vs. 63.93 ± 9.59, t = 12.991, P < 0.01). The percentages of patients with moderate and severe anxiety and depression were significantly lower 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (P < 0.01), and the scores for each item in the quality of life were all significantly greater 4 weeks following rational emotive therapy than before the intervention (P < 0.01). Conclusion Rational emotive therapy may improve the negative emotions and the quality of life of advanced schistosomiasis patients with repeated hospitalizations.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873281

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of ancient recipe Yanghetang and its drug-contained serum on apoptosis of triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 based on the signal pathway of early growth response gene 1 (Egr1)/cyclin dependent inhibitor (p21). Method::The drug-containing serum of Yanghetang was prepared from rats, and MDA-MB-231 cells were cultured in vitro. The blank control group was set, and MDA-MB-231 cells in Yanghetang high, middle, and low dose groups (23.4, 11.7, 5.85 g·kg-1) were intervened for 24, 48, 72 h, respectively. After that, the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method was used to detect the cell proliferation of each group. The blank control group was set, while MDA-MB-231 cells in Yanghetang high, middle, and low dose groups (23.4, 11.7, 5.85 g·kg-1) were treated for 48 h, and then flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of each group and the distribution of cell cycle. The expression of Egr1 and p21 mRNA in each group was detected by quantificational Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), while the expression of Egr1 and p21 protein in each group was detected by Western blot. Result::After MDA-MB-231 cells were intervened by Yanghetang for 24, 48, 72 h, MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation was significantly inhibited in Yanghetang high and middle dose groups as compared with the blank control group (P<0.01). After MDA-MB-231 cells were intervened by Yanghetang for 48 h, the apoptosis was significantly increased in Yanghetang high and middle dose groups as compared with the blank control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). In the Yanghetang high, middle dose groups, the proportion of cell cycle G0/G1 phase decreased, and the proportion of G2/M phase increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expressions of Egr1, p21 were increased in Yanghetang high and middle groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Yanghetang can activate Egr1/p21 signaling pathway in MDA-MB-231 cells, increase the expression of Egr1 and p21, and cause G2/M cell cycle arrest, thereby inducing apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872945

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of serum containing Yanghetang (YHT) on the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer based on the mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38)/signal transduction and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT3) signal pathway. Method::YHT liquid with crude drug 1 g·mL-1 was prepared. Female SD rats were randomly divided into control group (distilled water), and high, medium and low-dose YHT groups (24, 12, 6 g·kg-1). YHT-medicated serum was prepared, and 10%medicated serum was used to intervene MCF-7 cells. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay (CCK-8) was used to detect the effect of serum containing YHT on MCF-7 cell proliferation, apoptosis of MCF-7 cells was detected by flow cytometry protein expressions of p38 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot, Quantitative Real-time PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the expressions of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia-xl(Bcl-xl) and Survivin mRNA. Result::CCK-8 assay showed that YHT serum inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a time and dose-dependent manner compared with the blank group. The inhibitory effect was most obvious in the high-dose group, with the inhibition rates of 38%, 45%and 54%at different time points (P<0.01). Flow cytometry showed that, compared with the blank group, the apoptosis rate in the medium and high-dose groups increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner, with the apoptosis rates at 11.6%and 16.5%respectively (P<0.05, P<0.01). Western blot analysis showed that, compared with the blank group, the expressions of p38 and STAT3 protein was decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the blank group, the expressions of Bcl-xl and Survivin mRNA were decreased in high, medium-dose YHT groups (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion::YHT serum can promote the apoptosis of MCF-7 cells in breast cancer, which may be related to the p38/ STAT3 signaling pathway.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 266-276, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805022

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinical effect of nano-fat mixed granule fat transplantation in the treatment of cicatricial facial depression and atrophy, and to explore the related experimental mechanism.@*Methods@#(1) From January 2012 to April 2018, 105 patients conforming to the inclusion criteria, with cicatricial facial depression and atrophy deformity who needed facial fat transplantation, were admitted to our unit. Their medical records were analyzed retrospectively. According to the patients′ wishes, 54 patients (12 males and 42 females) aged 10-59 years received traditional transplantation of pure autologous granule fat collected from abdomen/thigh and were included in simple transplantation group, while the other 51 patients (14 males and 37 females) aged 7-63 years received transplantation of autologous nano-fat mixed granule fat collected from abdomen/thigh and were included in mixed transplantation group. The treatment satisfaction of patients 3 and 6 months after operation was assessed by the facial fullness, symmetry, scar, and complications using self-made scales and photo data before and after operation. Six months after operation, the patients were assessed whether they needed to undergo a second operation, and the rate of second operation was calculated. During the second operation, the fat of patients transplanted in the first operation was collected, and the morphology of adipocytes and microangiogenesis was observed under a scanning electron microscope. (2) Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were isolated and cultured from abdominal fat of a 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat. The 5th passage of cells were selected to observe cell morphology after cultured for 14 days, observe expression of vimentin and cytokeratin-18 by immunofluorescence method, identify osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation, and detect rates of CD29 and CD44 positive cells by flow cytometer (n=3). Eighteen 4-week-old male SD rats were divided into ADSCs transplantation group, simple scar group, and blank control group according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. Rats in ADSCs transplantation group and simple scar group were subcutaneously injected with 1 mL bleomycin which was dissolved in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) with a mass concentration of 1 mg/mL at the back to establish scar models. After 3 hours, rats in ADSCs transplantation group were injected with 1×106 ADSCs suspended in 0.1 mL PBS at the same injection site, while rats in simple scar group were injected with 0.1 mL PBS. Rats in blank control group were injected with the same doses of PBS in the same place at the same two time points mentioned above. After continuous injection for 28 days in each group, the full-thickness skin tissue of the injected area of all rats was collected to observe the collagen fibers by Masson staining and expressions of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) by immunohistochemistry, and the positive cells were counted. Data were processed with Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference test.@*Results@#(1) Compared with the preoperative condition, the facial fullness and symmetry of patients in simple transplantation group were better in 3 months after operation, with scar color closer to the surrounding skin, and the filling volume of patients in this group decreased in 6 months after operation as compared with that in 3 months after operation. In mixed transplantation group, the facial fullness and symmetry of patients were better in 3 and 6 months after operation as compared with the preoperative condition, with scar color and texture closer to the surrounding skin, and the filling volume in 6 months after operation was not obviously reduced as compared with that in 3 months after operation. Fat liquefaction and subcutaneous nodule formation occurred respectively in 1 patient in simple transplantation group within 3 months after operation. The treatment satisfaction of patients in mixed transplantation group was significantly higher than that in simple transplantation group in 3 and 6 months after operation (Z=-2.566, -3.084, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Six months after operation, the second operation rate of patients in mixed transplantation group was 7.84% (4/51), which was significantly lower than 22.22% (12/54) in simple transplantation group (χ2=4.199, P<0.05). At the second operation, compared with those of simple transplantation group, the cells of fat transplanted in the first operation of patients in mixed transplantation group were more plump, without collapse or dryness, and the cells were closely arranged, with smaller gap; the tubular and the cord-like microvascular structure on the cell surface were more abundant, and the cell gap was full of network-like microvascular structure that grew into the adipose tissue. (2) The fifth passage of cells isolated and cultured from rat fat grew adherently to the wall, with long fusiform or spindle shape, showing shoal-of-fish-like growth. Vimentin and cytokeratin-18 were highly expressed in the cells. Cells showed osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation ability by induction. The positive expression rates of CD29 and CD44 were higher than 90.00%. The cells were identified as ADSCs. After 28 days of injection, the collagen fibers in the dermis of skin tissue at the injection area of rats in blank control group were finely arranged. In simple scar group, a large amount of collagen was deposited in the dermis of skin tissue at the injection area of rats, the fiber bundles were thick and loosely unevenly arranged, and a large number of inflammatory infiltration and scattered muscle fibers were observed. In ADSCs transplantation group, the collagen fibers in the dermis of skin tissue at the injection area of rats were thicker than those of blank control group, with still neat arrangement, and a small amount of scattered muscle fiber and inflammatory infiltration was observed. After 28 days of injection, the expression of α-SMA in ADSCs transplantation group was mainly in microvessels in the dermis of skin tissue at the injected area of rats, and the number of α-SMA and TGF-β1 positive cells was (49±12) and (63±10) cells per 20-fold field of view, respectively, which was similar to (35±16) and (44±17) cells per 20-fold field of view of blank control group (P>0.05), all significantly less than (135±13) and (121±23) cells per 20-fold field of view of simple scar group (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Compared with those of autologous simple granule fat transplantation, autologous nano-fat mixed granule fat transplantation has better filling fullness in the treatment of patients with scar facial depression and atrophy. The filling effect lasts longer, and the improvement of scar texture is more obvious. As showed in the rat scar model experiment, the mechanism may be that ADSCs inhibit the expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β1, thus inhibiting the formation of scar.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 660-665, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797581

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To summarize the experience of treatment for blunt pancreatic trauma.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 52 patients with blunt pancreatic trauma admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2013 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 40 male and 12 female patients, aging from 12 to 112 years with a median age of 35.5 years.According to the organ injury scale by American Association for the Surgery of Trauma(AAST) for pancreatic injury severity, 15 cases were in grade Ⅰ(28.8%), 20 cases were in grade Ⅱ(38.5%), 10 cases were in grade Ⅲ(19.2%),5 cases were in grade Ⅳ(9.6%) and 2 cases were in grade Ⅴ(3.8%). Isolated blunt pancreatic trauma occurred in 11(21.2%) patients including 5 cases of grade Ⅰ,5 cases of grade Ⅱ and 1 case of grade Ⅲ, and associated injuries existed in 41 patients(78.8%).@*Results@#Among 52 patients, 36 patients(69.2%) were transferred from other hospitals and 16(30.8%) patients were admitted through the emergency department. Finally, 49 patients(94.2%) were cured and 3 patients (5.8%) died.For the 15 cases of grade Ⅰ,9 patients were managed non-operatively, 5 cases underwent peritoneal lavage and drainage after surgery for the other injured abdominal organs, and 1 patient received percutaneous catheter drainage(PCD) with non-operative treatment. For the 20 cases of grade Ⅱ,4 cases only received non-operative treatment and 2 cases also received PCD. Besides, 2 cases underwent debridement and drainage for peripancreatic necrotic tissue and external drainage for pancreatic pseudocyst retrospectively after about 25 days of getting injured. As for patients who received exploratory laparotomy, 5 patients underwent suture repair associated with external drainage, and 7 patients were managed only with external drainage. For the 10 cases of grade Ⅲ,6 patients were cured through distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy with external drainage, while 2 patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and ductal stenting, and the other 2 patients just received debridement and drainage for peripancreatic necrotic tissue.For the 5 cases of grade Ⅳ,2 patients underwent jejunostomy and abdominal cavity drainage, 1 patient had a pancreaticoduodenectomy with drainage,1 patient received suture repair of the pancreas and pancreaticojejunostomy, and 1 patient was managed with suture repair of the head of pancreas and external drainage.For the 2 patients of grade Ⅴ,1 patient received exploratory laparotomy and gauze compression packing hemostasis, and the other patient underwent pancreaticoduodenal repair, gastrointestinal anastomosis, duodenal exclusion surgery and external drainage.@*Conclusion@#According to the AAST classifications, associated injuries, physiological status and intraoperative situation, it could be better to make a comprehensive judgment, achieve early diagnosis and take appropriate individualized treatment strategy, and to improve the overall therapeutic effect for blunt pancreatic trauma.

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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 744-749, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796554

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognostic factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection in patients with infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN).@*Methods@#A retrospective study was performed to assess the MDRO in IPN patients. The clinical data of 104 IPN patients admitted to the Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from June 2013 to January 2019 were analyzed. Fifty-six patients were allocated in the MDRO group and 48 patients in the non-MDRO group depended on drug sensitivity test. There were 37 males and 19 females in the MDRO group with age of 40 (23) years. The duration time was 3(5) days between onset and admission. In the non-MDRO group, 34 males and 14 females were included with age of (42±14) years. The duration time was 3(4) days between onset and admission. Normally distributed quantitative variables was represented by ±s, non-normally distributed quantitative variables was represented by M(QR). Wilcoxon rank-sum test and χ2 test were used to analyze the data. Univariate and multivariable Logistic regression analytic model were used to figure out the risk factors associated with MDRO infection.@*Results@#The mean duration of hospital stay was 29.5(31.8) days and hospitalization expenses were CNY 166 991(270 692), which were much higher than those in non-MDRO group (16.5(15.7) days, CNY 56 789(62 354)) (W=1 889, 2 019, both P<0.01). Gram-negative isolates(67.2%, 80/119) were commonly detected in IPN patients.Acinetobacter baumannii was the most common MDRO(27.0%,20/74). Initial use of carbapenem(OR=2.22, 95%CI: 1.02-4.96, P=0.047) and open necrosectomy(OR=10.00, 95%CI: 3.14-44.77, P<0.01) were the potential risk factors for MDRO-induced infections in IPN. Furthermore, the Logistic regression analysis revealed that open necrosectomy was the independent variable for MDRO infections(OR=9.42, 95%CI: 2.92-42.42, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Open necrosectomy is the independent risk factor for the infection of MDRO.

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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 687-692, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810154

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficiency of small incision minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy in the treatment of infected pancreatic necrosis.@*Methods@#The data of 164 patients who underwent small incision minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy for infected pancreatic necrosis at Department of Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from January 2012 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.Among 164 patients, there were 102 male and 62 female patients.The median age was 46 years(ranging from 19 to 79 years). One hundred and one patients(61.6%) suffered from severe acute pancreatitis and 63 patients(38.4%) suffered from moderately severe acute pancreatitis.Following step-up approach principle, the surgical procedures were performed for 131 patients(79.9%) who suffered from sepsis which could not be alleviated via percutaneous catheter drainage(PCD). The other 33 patients(20.1%) who did not undergo PCD directly took small incision minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy.Preoperative CT images were used to determine the location of the lesion.The PCD puncture points or the points where the abscess was closest to the skin were chosen as the incision.Gradually, the small incision minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy were performed via cutting all layers into the abscess.@*Results@#The median time from the onset of symptom to first operation was 32 days(ranging from 23 to 45 days). The average hospital stay was 46 days(ranging from 29 to 103 days). The average number of drainage tubes placed was 4 pieces(ranging from 2 to 8 pieces). Ninety-two patients(56.0%) underwent minimal access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy. Thirty-six patients(22.0%) underwent minimal invasive approach lesser omentum sac pancreatic necrosectomy.Thirty-six patients(22.0%) underwent minimal invasive approach lesser omentum sac pancreatic necrosectomy combined with minimal access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy.A total of 148 cases(90.2%) were cured via minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy, 8 cases(4.9%) were cured after transfering to open pancreatic necrosectomy.The cure rate was 95.1%(156/164). The mainly postoperative complications included pancreatic fistula(25 cases), intra-abdominal hemorrhage(10 cases), gastric fistula (2 cases), duodenal fistula(4 cases) and colonic fistula(3 cases). The overall incidence rate of complications was 26.8%(44/164). Eight cases were dead after surgery and the in-hospital mortality was 4.9%(8/164).@*Conclusion@#In summary, small incision minimally invasive approach pancreatic necrosectomy is an effective way to clean up necrotic tissue, improve the drainage, reduce complications in dealing with infected pancreatic necrosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 237-240, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809858

ABSTRACT

The retroperitoneum space comprises anterior pararenal space, perirenal space and posterior pararenal space. Pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ and located in the anterior pararenal space of the retroperitoneum. Left and right sides anterior pararenal space are potentially communicated, which contains many adipose tissues and a little connective tissues. The exacerbation of acute pancreatitis results in the lesion spreading into adjacent area of pancreas in the retroperitoneal space. In addition, the lesion could spread into bare area of stomach, posterior colonic region, subperitoneal space and pelvic retroperitoneal space through the same anatomical space or communicating space. Due to the fascia destruction by pancreatic enzymes or the lesion directly diffuse through the weak fascia, the lesion could also diffuse across fascia to perirenal space, posterior pararenal space, the peritoneal cavity and abdominal wall. Finally, a series of complications are developed. The diffusion paths of acute pancreatitis are complex and diverse. Familiarity with these diffusion paths is useful for determining the severity and guiding therapy.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805952

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence and psychosocial characteristics in inpatients with head and neck cancer before surgery.@*Method@#From September 2015 to December 2016, 237 consecutive inpatients with head and neck cancer who had been scheduled for surgery were prospectively enrolled in Department of Head and Neck Surgery of Shanxi Provincial Tumor Hospital. Mental health symptoms were systematically investigated using three psychological instruments: symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90), Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and Zung self-rating depression scale (SDS). SPSS 17.0 software was used to analyze the data. And he results of SCL-90, SAS and SDS were compared with the Chinese norm. For all statistical analyses, a P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Result@#Of 237 patients, 228 (96.2%) completed all the questionnaire. The scores of SCL-90 (1.60±0.44), SAS (46.67±8.51)and SDS(47.50±11.43)in patients with head and neck cancer were significantly higher than those of Chinese norm (t=3.093, t=17.29, t=4.29 respectively and P=0.003, P=0.001, P=0.001 respectively). Positive proportion identified by three measure tools are 32.9%, 35.5% and 36.8% respectively. And 42 patients (18.4%) suffered from both anxiety and depression. The SCL-90 scores were significantly higher than those of the normal standard population, including dimension of somatization obsessive-compulsive, anxiety, hostility, phobic-anxiety and psychoticism (t=4.47, 3.04, 2.87, 2.58, 5.46, 4.15 respectively, all P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#This study offers important information regarding psychological status in inpatients with head and neck cancer before surgery. Identifying these patients using proper screening instrument is of great important clinical implications for the early detection, management, and reduction of the distress associated with head and neck cancer.

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Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 929-934, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702846

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia is a common pathophysiological state especially in the processing inflammatory tissues cells due to hypoxia partial pressure caused by excessive oxygen consumption or insufficient oxygen supply. Hypoxia inducible factor(HIF) that regulates the transcription of downstream target genes in order to cope with the hypoxia environments is induced by various mechanisms in hypoxic state. Studies have demonstrated that HIF-α plays essential roles in the inflammatory response. This paper reviews the recent research that the roles and mechanisms of HIF-α in inflammation-associated diseases mediated by innate immune cells.

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Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 617-619,629, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699017

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the etiology,diagnosis and treatment of three cases of duodenal perforation. Methods The data of 3 cases of children with duodenal perforation in our hospital from September 14,2016 to June 20,2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The causes,clinical features and treatment of children's duodenal perforation were summarized. Results A total of 2 males and 1 females aged 2 years,3 years and 5 years were included in the 3 cases. All 3 cases had fever history of upper respiratory tract infection before onset. Acute abdominal pain occurred after oral administration of ibuprofen several times,and all the abdominal plain films prompted pneumoperitoneum. Three cases of perforation sites were duodenal anterior wall,diameter were 0. 5-1 cm. Two cases of small amount of pneumoperitoneum were explored and repaired the duodenal perforation by 3D laparoscopic,1 case underwent laparotomy to repair the duodenal perforation due to a large number of liquid pneumoperitoneum and severe shock. Repair of 3 cases were covered with omentum. Three cases were all cured without anastomotic fistula, ulcer, adhesive intestinal obstruction or other complications. Followed-up in the department of gastroenterology,3 cases had no Helico-bacter pylori infection. Conclusion Repeatedly oral administration of ibuprofen can cause duodenal perfora-tion in children in the short term. Once the digestive tract perforation confirmed,emergency surgical explora-tion is needed. Laparoscopic repair of duodenum perforation is safe and effective and may have a faster recov-ery. We can choose exploratory laparotomy if conditions are not allowed.

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Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 620-624,前插2, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698079

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of mechanical loading on obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Methods Thirty 6-week-old female C57BL/6 mice (body weight 18 g) were randomly assigned into three groups: normal control group (NC group, n=10), high-fat diet group (HF group, n=10) and high-fat diet with mechanical loading treatment group (HF+L group, n=10). All mice except for NC group were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks. After 6 weeks of high-fat diet, mice of HF+L group received 6-week mechanical loading. The whole body composition was analyzed to detect the total body fat content. The mesenteric fat, perirenal fat, inguinal fat, periuterine fat and the liver were collected and weighed. A portion of the liver sample was isolated for histological analysis (Oil red O staining and HE staining) to observe pathologic changes, while the other was used for Western blot assay to detect the expression of eIF2α, p-eIF2α and ATF4, which were the marker proteins of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Results Compared with the NC group, high-fat diet resulted in a significant increase in body weight and body fat (P<0.05). After mechanical loading treatment, the body weight and body fat were significantly decreased in the HF+L group compared with those of HF group (P<0.05). Hepatic histological analysis showed that high-fat diet induced hepatic steatosis, which was effectively alleviated by mechanical loading treatment (P<0.05). Western blot analysis indicated that high-fat diet led to higher expression levels of p-eIF2α and ATF4 in liver, and mechanical loading was effective in inhibiting the increased expressions of p-eIF2α and ATF4. Conclusion Mechanical loading can effectively alleviate obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease caused by high-fat diet, and its effects may be associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress in liver.

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