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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 680-684, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922991

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the efficacy of pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation in the treatment of patients with pterygium. METHODS:Prospective controlled study. A total of 102 patients(102 eyes)with pterygium treated in the hospital between October 2015 and October 2019 were selected as study subjects, and they were divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table method, with 51 cases in each group. The control group was treated with pterygium excision combined with amniotic membrane transplantation, and the observation group was given pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation. The perioperative indicators(intraoperative blood loss, surgical time, corneal epithelial repair time)and clinical efficacy at 3mo after surgery were compared between the two groups, and the disease recovery-related indicators \〖tear film break-up time(BUT), uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), corneal astigmatism degree(CAD)\〗 before and 3mo after surgery, postoperative aesthetic degree and recurrence during follow-up were recorded.RESULTS:The corneal epithelial repair time in observation group was shorter than that in control group(4.14±1.35 <i>vs</i> 4.72±1.37d,<i>P</i><0.05), while the surgical time was longer than that in control group(32.24±6.69 <i>vs</i> 29.67±5.21min,<i>P</i><0.05), and there was no statistical significance in the intraoperative blood loss between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, there was no statistical difference in the effective rate of treatment between the two groups(86.3% <i>vs</i> 78.4%, <i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, the BUT, UCVA and SⅠt in the two groups were significantly enhanced compared with those before surgery(all <i>P</i><0.05), and the UCVA and SⅠt in observation group were higher than those in control group(all <i>P</i><0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the BUT between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). The CAD in the two groups was significantly lower than that before surgery(<i>P</i><0.05), but the difference was not significant between the groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). At 3mo after surgery, the scores of dimensions of aesthetic scale for pterygium treatment(ocular recovery, subjective symptoms)were significantly higher in observation group than those in control group(all <i>P</i><0.05), but there were no statistical differences in the scores of cleanliness of surgical area and congestion between the two groups(all <i>P</i>>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in recurrence rate between the two groups during follow-up(<i>P</i>>0.05).CONCLUSION: Pterygium excision combined with autologous limbal epithelial bulbar conjunctival transplantation can effectively treat pterygium and prevent recurrence, and it has faster postoperative recovery and better aesthetic degree compared to pterygium excision combined with amniotic membrane transplantation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777517

ABSTRACT

Chrysosplenium nudicaule,Tibetan name " Yajima",is recorded as an effective medicine for the treatment of liver and gallbladder diseases by Tibetan Pharmacopoeia published in the past dynasties,but its traditional efficacy has not yet been investigated by means of modern pharmacological research methods. In this paper,the protective effect of extract of C. nudicaule(ECN) on liver injury in mice was observed by using the mice model of intrahepatic cholestasis(IC) induced by α-naphthyl isothiocyanate(ANIT) and the possible mechanism by which ECN work as the therapeutic agent was discussed. The results showed that the serum levels of AST,ALT,ALP,DBIL,TBIL and TBA of the model mice were notably reduced in dose-dependent manner(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). The activity of SOD and GSH-Px in the liver homogenate of mice was increased,while the content of MDA was decreased(P<0. 01,P<0. 05).Pathological examination of liver in mice showed that ECN could improve the pathological changes of liver tissue in mice. The mRNA expression level of genes related to bile acid metabolism were detected by RT-PCR and the results suggested that ECN could significantly increase the expression of genes such as BSEP,FXR and MRP2(P<0. 01,P<0. 05),meanwhile significantly reduce the expression of CYP7 A1(P<0. 01,P<0. 05). These results confirmed the protective effect of ECN on intrahepatic cholestasis-induced liver injury in mice,and indicated that the mechanism may be related to activating FXR and its target genes,reducing bile acid synthesis and increasing bile acid excretion. This study provides a modern pharmacological basis for the clinical application of Yajima in Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Drug Therapy , Liver , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Mice , Plant Preparations , Pharmacology , Saxifragaceae , Chemistry
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 401-405, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate therapeutic efficacy and safety of allopurinol versus (vs.) TCM prescription for gout in the treatment of gout, and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical treatment of gout. METHODS: Retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Medline, The Cochrane library, Chinese Journal Full-text Database (CJFD), China Scientific Journal Database (CSJD) and Wanfang database, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about therapeutic efficacy (total response rate, level of uric acid) and safety (the occurrence of ADR) of TCM prescription for gout alone or combined with allopuinol (trial group) vs. allopurinol (control group) in the treatment of gout were collected. After data extraction of clinical studies meeting inclusion criteria, Cochrane system evaluator manual 5. 1. 0 was used to evaluate the quality of included studies, and Meta-analysis was conducted by using Rev Man 5. 3 statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 20 RCTs were included, involving 1 961 patients. Results of Meta-analysis showed that total response rate of trial group was significantly higher than that of control group [OR=2. 29, 95% CI(1. 84, 2. 84), P<0. 001], uric acid level was significantly lower control group [MD= -27. 99,95% CI(-33. 04, -22. 93),P<0. 001],with statistical significance. The incidence of ADR in trial group was significantly lower than control group, with statistical significance (P<0. 05). CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic efficacy and safety of TCM prescription are better than those of allopuinol for gout.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241003

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinical effect of T-shaped locking internal fixation and external fixation in treating dorsal Barton's fracture,and investigate selective strategy of internal fixation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2008 to January 2013, 100 patients with dorsal Barton's fracture were randomly divided into two groups. In treatment group, there were 30 males and 20 females with an average age of (33.8±3.6) years old;30 cases were type B, 20 cases were type C;and treated with T-shaped locking internal fixation. In control group, there were 32 male and 18 females with an average age of (32.9±3.4) years old; 29 cases were type B, 21 cases were type C; and treated with external fixation. Volar tilt, ulnar deviation and radial height at 3 months after operation were detected and compared between two groups. Mechara functional evaluation were used to evaluate postoperative clinical effects. Clinical cure time, postoperative complications,joint mobility and function score were recorded and compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In treatment group,volar tilt was (11.9±2.7)°, ulnar deviation was (20.8+ 2.9)°,and radial height was (10.9±1.8) mm; while volar tilt was (9.1±1.6)°, ulnar deviation was (17.1±2.9)°, and radial height was (8.1±1.5) mm in control group. Treatment group was better than control group in volar tilt, ulnar deviation and radial height. Clinical cure time in treatment group was(12.0±2.3) weeks, shorter than control group (18.0±4.1) weeks. The incidence of complications in treatment group was lower than control group. According to Mehara functional evaluation,20 cases got excellent results, 25 good, 3 moderate and 2 poor in treatment group; 16 cases got excellent results, 14 good, 10 moderate and 10 poor in control group. Treatment group was better than control group in clinical effects.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>T-shaped locking internal fixation with postoperative functional exercise for the treatment of dorsal Barton's fracture fits for biomechanics demands,and has advantages of stable fixation,rapid recovery, less complications and good functional recovery, it has better clinical effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Radius Fractures , General Surgery , Wrist Injuries , General Surgery
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344962

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the cardiac protective effect of integrative therapy in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with elevated ST segment after reperfusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four AMI patients who having received decimalization by thrombolysis were assigned to two groups by retrospective analysis, 36 patients in the treated group and 28 in the control group. Both were treated by intravenous administering of urokinase for thrombolysis, and to the treated group, intravenous dripping of Xueshuantong Injection (, XST) was added. Serum levels of myocardial associated enzymes were monitored before treatment and at various time points after thrombolysis, and the heart function parameters were detected with color echocardiography before treatment and on the 7th and 14th day of treatment. The patients were followed up for 6 months to observe the incidence of cardiac events.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The differences between groups at the peak and peak appearing time of creatine kinase and creatine kinase isoenzyme were not significant. All the heart function parameters on the 7th and 14th day in the treated group were improved and superior to those at the corresponding time points in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Incidence of some heart events in the treated group within the 6-month follow-up period was lesser than that in the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>XST Injection could provide effective protection for the heart after reperfusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Creatine Kinase, MB Form , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Electrocardiography , Female , Heart , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator , Therapeutic Uses
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