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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 419-427, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922924

ABSTRACT

GC-MS metabolomics was used to investigate the effects of fudosteine on lung cancer A549 cells in an inflammatory microenvironment. Eleven metabolites (malic acid, isoleucine, lactose, galactinol, creatinine, gluconic acid, oleic acid, phosphate, S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine, uridine and tagatose) were identified in the metabolomics results and could be used as biomarkers of fudosteine treatment. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that the metabolic pathways of amino acids including isoleucine, valine, leucine, glycine, serine and threonine were significantly altered, as were the metabolic pathways of carbohydrates such as galactose and pentose phosphate. Fudosteine significantly reduced the level of inflammatory factors in A549 cells and corrected the inflammatory microenvironment by interfering with the effects of amino acid metabolites and amino acid metabolism pathways. This study reveals that fudosteine may be able to inhibit the continuous inflammatory response and prevent the further progression of lung cancer by suppressing the inflammatory microenvironment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) are immune checkpoints which can be induced by interferon-γ(IFN-γ) in the tumor microenvironment, leading to immune escape of tumors. Myricetin (MY) is a flavonoid distributed in many edible and medicinal plants. The aim of this study is to clarify the effect and the mechanism of MY on inhibiting IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 in lung cancer cells. METHODS Expressions of PD-L1 and major histocompatibility complex-I (MHC-I) were evaluated by flow cytometry and Western blotting, and the expression of IDO1 was measured by Western blotting. qRT-PCR was used to detect their mRNA levels. The function of T cells was evaluated using a co-culture system consist of lung cancer cells and the Jurkat-PD-1 T cell line that overexpressing PD-1. Molecular docking analysis, Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used for mechanism study. RESULTS MY potently inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression in human lung cancer cells, while didn't show obvious effect on the expression of MHC-I. In addition, MY restored the survival, proliferation, CD69 expression and interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion of Jurkat-PD-1 T cells suppressed by IFN-γ-treated lung cancer cells in the co-culture system. Mechanistically, IFN-γ up-regulated PD-L1 and IDO1 at the transcriptional level through the JAK-STAT-IRF1 axis, which was targeted and inhibited by MY. CONCLUSION Our research revealed a new insight into the anti-tumor effects of MY which inhibited IFN-γ-induced PD-L1 and IDO1 expression, supporting the potential of MY in anti-tumor immunotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906624

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status and influencing factors of quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorders. Methods A total of 117 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorders (combined group) and 121 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (single group) in our hospital from March 2017 to April 2020 were enrolled. The quality of life of patients was investigated using health survey questionnaire, then the general data of patients were collected and the risk factors of glucose metabolism disorder were analyzed. Results The score of quality of life of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorder was significantly lower than that of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (P<0.05) . Among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorder, the scores of quality of life among patients of male, age 18-44 years old, monthly income ≥ 4500, good glycemic control, good diet control, and regular daily exercise were higher than those of female patients, age 45-59 years old, age ≥ 60 years old, low monthly income, poor glycemic control, poor diet control and seldom exercise ( P<0.05 ) ; Gender, monthly income, age and blood glucose control were risk factors for quality of life in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorder (P<0.05) . Conclusion The quality of life of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis complicating glucose metabolism disorder is at low level, especially among people of the female, age over 60 years old, a monthly income less than 4500 yuan and poor blood glucose control, so the related health public education is of vital importance in the prevention of worsened quality of life.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880070

ABSTRACT

Although most acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients can achieve complete remission (CR) induced by standardized chemotherapy, but the relapse rate after remission remains high. The key reason is its high heterogeneity in cytogenetics and molecular biology. There are evidences show that minimal residual disease (MRD) is closely associated with disease recurrence, so that, finding specific genetic and molecular biological changes as new targets for MRD detection has become a research hotspot in recent years. In this review the intrinsic relationship between relapse of AML and MRD detection of specific molecular events, the application of these new targets in MRD detection and their targeted therapies according to the latest guidelines, so as to achieve the optimal treatment in CR phase.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 226-231, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the early interventions of traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) on the conversion time of nucleic acid in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and find possible underlying mechanisms of action.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 300 confirmed COVID-19 patients who were treated with TCM, at a designated hospital in China. The patients were categorized into three groups: TCM1, TCM2 and TCM3, who respectively received TCM interventions within 7, 8-14, and greater than 15 days of hospitalization. Different indicators such as the conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, length of hospital stay, and inflammatory markers (leukocyte count, and lymphocyte count and percentage) were analyzed to observe the impact of early TCM interventions on these groups.@*RESULTS@#The median conversion times of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid in the three groups were 5.5, 7 and 16 d (P < 0.001), with TCM1 and TCM2 being statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01). TCM1 (P < 0.05) and TCM3 (P < 0.01) were statistically different from TCM2. The median conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in the three groups were 7, 9 and 17 d (P < 0.001). Conversion times of fecal nucleic acid in TCM1 were statistically different from TCM3 and TCM2 (P < 0.01). The median lengths of hospital stay in the three groups were 13, 16 and 21 d (P < 0.001). TCM1 and TCM2 were statistically different from TCM3 (P < 0.01); TCM1 and TCM3 were statistically different from TCM2 (P < 0.01). Both leucocyte and lymphocyte counts increased gradually with an increase in the length of hospital stay in TCM1 group patients, with a statistically significant difference observed at each time point in the group (P < 0.001). Statistically significant differences in lymphocyte count and percentage in TCM2 (P < 0.001), and in leucocyte count (P = 0.043) and lymphocyte count (P = 0.038) in TCM3 were observed. The comparison among the three groups showed a statistically significant difference in lymphocyte percentage on the third day of admission (P = 0.044).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, it was observed that in COVID-19 patients treated with a combination of Chinese and Western medicines, TCM intervention earlier in the hospital stay correlated with faster conversion time of pharyngeal swab and fecal nucleic acid, as well as shorter length of hospital stay, thus helping promote faster recovery of the patient. The underlying mechanism of action may be related to improving inflammation in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2077-2084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887782

ABSTRACT

Curcumin is exclusively isolated from Zingiberaceae plants with a broad spectrum of bioactivities. In the present study, we used the diketide-CoA synthase (DCS) and curcumin synthase (CURS) genes to construct a non-natural fusion gene encoding diketide-CoA synthase::curcumin synthase (DCS::CURS). This fusion protein, together with the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and the 4-coumarate coenzyme A ligase (4CL), were introduced into Escherichia coli for the production of curcumin from ferulic acid. The process is divided into two stages, the growth stage using LB medium and the fermentation stage using the modified M9 medium. The yield of curcumin reached 386.8 mg/L by optimizing the induction of protein expression in the growth stage, and optimizing the inoculum volume, medium composition and fermentation time in the fermentation stage, as well as the addition of macroporous resin AB-8 into the second medium to attenuate the toxicity of the end product. The exploitation of the non-natural fusion protein DCS::CURS for the production of curcumin provides a new alternative to further promoting the production of curcumin and the related analogues.


Subject(s)
Curcumin/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/genetics , Fermentation
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3092-3104, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922782

ABSTRACT

Mitotic catastrophe (MC) is a form of programmed cell death induced by mitotic process disorders, which is very important in tumor prevention, development, and drug resistance. Because rapidly increased data for MC is vigorously promoting the tumor-related biomedical and clinical study, it is urgent for us to develop a professional and comprehensive database to curate MC-related data. Mitotic Catastrophe Database (MCDB) consists of 1214 genes/proteins and 5014 compounds collected and organized from more than 8000 research articles. Also, MCDB defines the confidence level, classification criteria, and uniform naming rules for MC-related data, which greatly improves data reliability and retrieval convenience. Moreover, MCDB develops protein sequence alignment and target prediction functions. The former can be used to predict new potential MC-related genes and proteins, and the latter can facilitate the identification of potential target proteins of unknown MC-related compounds. In short, MCDB is such a proprietary, standard, and comprehensive database for MC-relate data that will facilitate the exploration of MC from chemists to biologists in the fields of medicinal chemistry, molecular biology, bioinformatics, oncology and so on. The MCDB is distributed on http://www.combio-lezhang.online/MCDB/index_html/.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1548-1554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Epimedium polysaccharides (EPS) on bone marrow hematopoietic function and Th17/Treg balance in aplastic anemia (AA) mice, and preliminarily explore its therapeutic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty BALB/C mice were randomly divided into control (control), model (model), stanozolol (stanozolol) and epimedium polysaccharide (EPS) group, with 10 mice in each group. Except for the control group, Acetophenazine, Gy irradiation and cyclophosphamide triple application were used to establish AA models for the other groups. After the model was established, the stanozolol group was intragastrically administered with 4 mg/kg stanozolol suspension, the EPS group was intragastrically administered with 100 mg/kg epimedium polysaccharide, while the control group and the model group were given an equal volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution by gavage once a day, for 14 consecutive days. The automatic animal blood analyzer was used to detect the changes in peripheral blood hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets (PLT), flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Treg and Th17 cells, the levels of interleukin 2 (IL-2), interleukin 11 (IL-11) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, the number of nucleated bone marrow cells was counted, HE staining and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the number, the proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow cells, Western blot was used to detect the expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γ (RORγt), transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) and fork head transcription factor 3 (Foxp3).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the levels of Hb, RBC, WBC and PLT in the peripheral blood of mice in stanozolol and EPS group significantly increased, the proportion of Th17 cells was significantly reduced, and the proportion of Treg cells significantly increased. The levels of IL-2 and TNF-α in serum were significantly reduced (P<0.05), the level of IL-11 significantly increased (P<0.05), the number of bone marrow nucleated cells significantly increased (P<0.05), the positive rate of Ki-67 significantly increased (P<0.05) and the positive rate of Caspase-3 was significantly reduced (P<0.05). At the same time, the protein expression of STAT3 and RORγt significantly decreased, and the protein expression of STAT5 and Foxp3 increased, the difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EPS can promote the recovery of bone marrow hematopoietic function in AA mice and improve Th17/Treg imbalance, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of STAT3/RORγt expression and promotion of STAT5/Foxp3 expression.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Epimedium , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polysaccharides , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 590-596, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association between the efficacy and safety of metformin and the influence of variants in SLC47A1 rs2289669 G>A polymorphism in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Patients were consented at enrollment for blood donation for genotyping, and their peripheral blood were used to detect the distribution frequency of SLC47A1 mutations. The major or mild/moderate flares defined by modified safety lupus erythematosus national assessment (SELENA)-systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) Flare Index (SFI) and adverse events were recorded at 12 months of follow-up. The correlation between efficacy/safety and genotype was analyzed. Student's t test and χ2 test was used to assess the continuous variables and categorical variables. Results:Between May 24, 2016, and Dec 13, 2017, a total of 31 patients in the metformin group and 35 in the placebo group were detected. There were no statistical significant differences in the clinical manifestations, SELENA-SLEDAI scores, and therapy of the participants at baseline. There was no significant difference in the frequency of AA genotype, GA genotype, and GG genotype of SLC47A1 rs2289669 distribution between the metformin group and the placebo group. In the metformin group, patients who flared had a lower frequency of A alleles than those non-flared [25%(4/16) vs 61%(28/46), χ2=6.116, P=0.019 8]; the flare rate was significantly lower in patients with AA genotype than in GG genotype [0%(0/8) vs 57%(4/7), χ2=6.234, P=0.012 5]. The infection rate was lower in the metformin group than that in the placebo group [38%(12/31) vs 69%(24/35), χ2=5.913, P=0.015 0], but there was no significant difference among different genotypes in the metformin group. Compared to GG geno-type, AA genotype showed a trend of decrease in infection rate[38%(3/8) vs 72%(5/7), χ2=1.727, P=0.188 8]. Conclusion:Metformin has a favorable safety profile and may reduce the frequency of flares in SLE patients with low-grade lupus disease activity. The metformin therapeutic efficacy in SLE is relevant to the SLC47A1 gene polymorphism. Patients of the AA genotype may benefit most from metformin than those of the GG and GA genotypes.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1168-1171, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and cystatin C (Cys-C) and microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:1 990 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into simple diabetes group (N group), simple diabetic retinopathy group (DR group), simple diabetic nephropathy group (DN group) and diabetic retinopathy combined with diabetic nephropathy group (DRN group). The general data and biochemical indexes were collected to analyze the differences of NLR and Cys-C among the groups. The risk factors of diabetic microvascular complications were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression.Results:The NLR in DRN group was higher than that in N group and DN group ( P<0.05), but there was no difference between DRN group and DR group ( P>0.05). The serum Cys-C in DRN group was higher than that in N group, DN group and DR group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). After adjusting for age, duration of diabetes and other factors, multivariate logistic regression showed that NLR was an independent risk factor for type 2 diabetic retinopathy complicated with diabetic nephropathy, while serum Cys-C was not. Subgroup analysis showed that NLR was an independent risk factor for both diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy, while Cys-C was only related to diabetic nephropathy, which was not related to retinopathy ( P<0.05). Conclusions:NLR is associated with type 2 diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy, while serum Cys-C is only associated with type 2 diabetic nephropathy, but not with diabetic retinopathy.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 240-245,289, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explored the mechanism of circ_0009910 in gastric cancer cells by detecting and analyzing the expression of it.Methods:qRT-PCR assay was used to detect the expression level of circ_0009910 in gastric cancer cell lines BGC823, SGC7901, AGS, MGC803 and MKN45. In circumstance, circ_0009910 siRNA was used to knock down circ_0009910 in BGC823 and AGS cells. The transfection efficiency was verified. In BGC823 and AGS cells knocked down by circ_0009910, cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay, colony formation was detected by plate assay, migration and invasion were detected by Transwell, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was detected by western-blotting. The software of SPPSS 18.0 was used to conduct statistical analysis.Results:The relative expression levels of circ_0009910 in BGC823, SGC7901, AGS, MGC803, and MKN45 were (7.238±0.895), (5.023±0.786), (4.184±0.356), (8.561±1.026), (3.478±0.301), which were significantly higher than normal gastric cancer ( P<0.01). After knocking down circ_0009910 by siRNA transfection, the BGC823, AGS cell viability, colony formation number, migration and invasion ability were significantly reduced compared with the control group ( P<0.01), the relative expressions of N-cadherin and Snail proteins were reduced, and E -Cadherin expression increased. Conclusion:Circ_0009910 is highly expressed in gastric cancer cells, and can promote gastric cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, invasion and EMT.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843850

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of varies osmotic pressure induced by adding fluoride into the medium on the biological characteristic of ameloblast.Methods: Ameloblasts were cultured in vitro on the fifth day were seeded and purified. DMEM medium containing different concentrations of NaF (0, 42, 84 mg/L), NaCl (58.5 and 117 mg/L), glycerol (0.05 and 0.09 mg/L) and sorbitol (1 and 1.5 mg/L) was added into the cells, which were then cultured for 48 hours. The survival and proliferation of ameloblasts in different groups were detected by MTT. The apoptosis rate was measured by flow cytometry and the expressions of CK14 and KLK4 by Real-time PCR. Results: MTT showed that with the increase of osmolality, cell proliferation decreased; however, the most obvious one was in NaF group. Streaming apoptosis detection showed that with the increase of osmolality, the apoptosis rate of cells increased, which was most obvious in NaF group. Real-time PCR showed that the mRNA expressions of CK14 and KLK4 decreased with the increase of osmolality, and that they were lower in NaF 42 mg/L group than in the other control groups. Results: The change in osmotic pressure of the medium affects the proliferation, apoptosis and mRNA expression of ameloblasts. The biological change of ameloblasts cultured in medium containing different concentration of NaF is mainly due to the toxic effects of fluoride ions.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relevant protective and risk factors that affect spontaneous supratentorial large volume intracerebral hemorrhage.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of hospitalized patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the amount of intracerebral hemorrhage (≥30 mL), the patients were divided into a large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group (255 cases) and a non-large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group (397 cases). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis for the clinical data from the two groups of patients were performed.@*RESULTS@#Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, white blood cell count, neutrophil count, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, calcium ion concentration, and international standard ratio between the large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group and the non-large volume intracerebral hemorrhage group were significantly different (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The occurrence of spontaneous supratentorial large volume intracerebral hemorrhage is the result of combination of multiple factors. The increased white blood cell count, the increased systolic blood pressure, the increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the increased international standard ratio may increase its risk, while the increased LDL cholesterol and calcium concentration may reduce its risk.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Cholesterol, HDL , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 276-282, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789026

ABSTRACT

Recently, the hepatotoxicity issue regarding to Psoraleae Fructus (PF) has attracted remarkable concerns, which highlights the urgent need to explore the toxicity attenuation method for PF. In this study, we proposed an alcohol soaking and water rinsing method for pre-processing PF based on the record in the classics - "Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun", aiming to attenuate the potential hepatotoxicity of PF. The optimal pre-processing methods and parameters were investigated by U*12(108) uniform design coupled with 3D-cultured human-derived liver organoids model and high-content imaging. The results showed that there were significant variations among the hepatotoxicity intensities of different pre-processed PF products. Four factors, including the concentration of alcohol, the ratio of material and alcohol in alcohol soaking, the time of alcohol soaking and the times of water rinsing, were found as independent significant factors (all P<0.01). The optimal pre-process parameters were further predicted and verified as follows: the alcohol concentration is 80%, the times of alcohol soaking is 3, the ratio of alcohol and material of alcohol soaking is 3, the time for alcohol soaking is 30 h, the ratio of water and material of water rinsing is 2, the times of water rinsing is 3, the time water rinsing is 12 h and the time of steaming is 5 h. This research demonstrated that the alcohol soaking and water rinsing method can effectively reduce the potential hepatotoxicity of PF. This method provides a reference for reducing the risk of PF liver injury from the perspective of Chinese medicinal materials pre-processing.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 488-491, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856990

ABSTRACT

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin which plays a role in regulating glucose hornêbstasis and appetite, involved in the occurrence and development of type 2 diabetes and obesity. GLP-1 plays the role through regulating insulin secretion and activating the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R). Recent studies have found the association between GLP-1 and addictive behaviors caused by cocaine, nicotine, alcohol and amphetamine. This article reviews the role and mechanism of GLP-1 in drug addiction.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1691-1698, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823306

ABSTRACT

italic>Shiraia bambusiccola is an important medicinal fungus in China. Hypocrellins with perylenequinone skeleton are main bioactive components of Shiraia bambusiccola, which are widely used in food, medicine, pesticide and other fields as natural photosensitizers. For example, "hypocrellin ointment" has already been used clinically. As a rare and vulnerable species, wild Shiraia bambusiccola resources are very limited. Due to the complex structure and chanllenge in chemical total synthesis of hypocrellins, it is urgent to find an effective strategy to rationally utilize its medicinal value while protecting the wild resources. In this study, a candidate gene cluster hpc was identified in Shiraia sp. cfcc 84681 based on careful bioinformatic analysis. A heterologous expression system for hpc gene cluster was successfully constructed and a mutant strain with high yield of hypocrellins was obtained, which mainly produced hypocrellin A and isohypocrellin A. The main ingredients in the mutant strain are consistent with that in the wild Shiraia bambusiccola. These results provide a new strategy to solve the shortage of wild Shiraia bambusiccola resources.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827785

ABSTRACT

To study the biopharmaceutics characteristics of paris saponin VII (PSVII). The solubility of PSVII was evaluated by measurement of the equilibrium solubility in different solvents and media. The permeability of PSVII was evaluated by measuring the oil/water partition coefficient (lgP) and determining the apparent permeability coefficient (PC) on a mono-layer Caco-2 cell model. The effects of p-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance related protein 2 on PSVII transport in mono-layer Caco-2 cell model were further investigated. Finally, the small intestinal absorption of PSVII was investigated in rat. In solvents of different pH, the equilibrium solubility of PSVII was quite low, and the dose number of PSVII was larger than 1. The lgP of PSVII was less than 0. The apparent permeability coefficient [PC] of PSVII in mono-layer Caco-2 cell model was less than 14.96 × 10 cm·s, and the efflux ratio of PSVII in mono-layer Caco-2 cell model was less than 1. The transport rate of PSVII in mono-layer Caco-2 cell model was not affected by the inhibitors of p-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance related protein 2. After oral administration, PSVII could be detected in rat intestinal contents, but could not be detected in the small intestinal mucosa. PSVII showed low solubility and permeability, which would result in low oral bioavailability in clinic. PSVII belonged to Class IV compound in biopharmaceutics classification system.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827397

ABSTRACT

To propose the architectural layout for the big general hospital in the face of public health emergencies, we analyzed the conditions, methods, problems and countermeasures for the reconstruction of the isolation ward from the existing medical building layout of a general hospital. The affected areas met the requirements of isolation ward in the reconstruction, and realized the corresponding partition and separation of people. But the cost of occupying the medical room should be concerned. General hospital should be alerted to potential risks of public health emergencies. The characteristics of different construction types, defects, and the function of the hospital should be considered in the construction, rebuilding, and expansion of the hospital, which shouldnot only meet the needs of the development of the hospital daily usage but also consider dealing with emergent public health events. We can adopt the reasonable layout, including setting up a firewall-like device between the channel and the floor, an ordinary ward at ordinary times, and an independent space for emergency by pulling down the gate. This strategy can not only avoid the problem of low utilization rate of the space occupied by the corresponding area in the ward for diseases spread by air and droplets, maximizing the efficiency of the medical site, but also avoid the problem of emergency response to the temporary reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Facility Design and Construction , Hospitals, General , Humans , Public Health
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827217

ABSTRACT

Nagilactone E (NLE), a natural product with anticancer activities, is isolated from Podocarpus nagi. In this study, we reported that NLE increased programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expressions at both protein and mRNA levels in human lung cancer cells, and enhanced its localization on the cell membrane. Mechanistically, NLE increased the phosphorylation and expression of c-Jun, and promoted the localization of c-Jun in the nucleus, while silencing of c-Jun by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced NLE-induced PD-L1. Further study showed that NLE activated the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), the upstream of c-Jun, and its inhibitor SP600125 reversed the NLE-increased PD-L1. Moreover, NLE-induced PD-L1 increased the binding intensity of PD-1 on the cell surface. In summary, NLE upregulates the expression of PD-L1 in lung cancer cells through the activation of JNK-c-Jun axis, which has the potential to combine with the PD-1/PD-L1 antibody therapies in lung cancer.

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