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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the condition of subclinical cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension and the association between serum uric acid and subclinical cardiac damage.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children who were hospitalized and diagnosed with primary hypertension in the Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to June 2020. Forty-five healthy children, matched for age and sex, were enrolled as the control group. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory examination, and parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function. The correlation of serum uric acid with the parameters for left ventricular structure, systolic function, and diastolic function in children with primary hypertension was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the hypertension group had significantly higher left ventricular mass (LVM), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), and relative wall thickness (RWT) (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with primary hypertension may have subclinical cardiac damage such as left ventricular hypertrophy, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, and proximal aortic dilation. Elevated serum uric acid is significantly associated with cardiac damage in children with primary hypertension.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Child , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 727-730, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of early mechanical ventilation on the expression of inflammatory factors and prognosis of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI).Methods:From January 2017 to December 2020, 138 patients with sTBI admitted to the department of the emergency of Xinhua Hospital Chongming Branch were enrolled. Although some patients were admitted to hospital without acute respiratory failure, their Glasgow coma score (GCS) were less than 8, they bad risk of hypoxia, so early mechanical ventilation was required. According to the patient's condition and the willingness of family members, patients were divided into mechanical ventilation group (tracheal intubation mechanical ventilation) and conventional oxygen inhalation group (nasal catheter or mask oxygen inhalation) in the end. The arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2), oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin (IL-6, IL-10) levels at admission, preoperation and 72 hours postoperation, as well as GCS before operation and 1 week after operation, the duration and number of patients successfully evacuated from the ventilator within 1 week after surgery were observed and analyzed. Results:A total of 138 sTBI patients were enrolled in the study, including 72 cases in the mechanical ventilation group and 66 cases in the routine oxygen inhalation group. In the two groups, PaO 2, PaO 2/FiO 2 and IL-10 were higher, and PaCO 2, TNF-αand IL-6 were lower at 72 hours post operation than that before operation. Moreover, the changes in the mechanical ventilation group were more significant than those in the conventional oxygen inhalation group [PaO 2 (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 94.6±7.7 vs. 92.5±6.8, PaO 2/FiO 2 (mmHg): 351±94 vs. 319±89, IL-10 (ng/L): 8.2±2.7 vs. 7.4±1.8, PaCO 2 (mmHg): 35.6±1.8 vs. 37.5±2.7, TNF-α(ng/L): 71.5±6.3 vs. 96.8±15.5, IL-6 (ng/L): 10.8±3.9 vs. 14.4±6.5, all P < 0.05]. There were 17 patients with severe respiratory insufficiency or failure in the conventional oxygen inhalation group before operation. Compared with the conventional oxygen inhalation group, the GCS score (11.7±3.1 vs. 9.1±4.6) and the proportion of successful weaning [62.5% (45/72) vs. 44.0% (29/66)] were significantly higher, and the duration of successful weaning (hours: 63.5±28.6 vs. 88.1±33.9) was significantly shorter in the mechanical ventilation group 1 week after operation. Conclusion:Early mechanical ventilation in sTBI patients can significantly improve oxygen supply, inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory factors, reduce secondary brain damage, and effectively improve the prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze rehabilitation of functioning of mobility for critically ill patients based on the framework of the World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs). Methods:A scoping review of rehabilitation of functioning of mobility for critically ill patients had been conducted. Literatures on early mobilization or rehabilitation in the field of critical illness from databases of Web of Science, PubMed, CNKI, and Wanfang up to February 28, 2021 were retrieved. The diseases, functioning, rehabilitation intervention, functioning evaluation and environment of patients in critical ward had been reviewed. Results:Based on WHO-FICs framework, this paper reviewed literatures in five dimensions: the type of diseases, functioning, rehabilitation intervention, functioning evaluation and environment factors. The diseases included respiratory system diseases (MD10-MD6Y), neurological system diseases (MB40-MB9Y), cardiovascular system diseases (MC80-MC9Y), post-surgical (MD80-ME4Y, ME60-ME6Y, ME80-MF1Y), and others (NA00-NF2Z, MA00-MA3Y, 1G40-1G41). The functioning included movement-related structures (s720-s760), neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions (b710-b740), mobility (d4), self-care (d5), and remunerative employment (d850). The rehabilitation interventions were divided into three categories based on the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI) β-3: therapeutic, preventive, and health promotion interventions. The evaluation of functioning mainly involved joint mobility, muscle strength, muscle tone, de Morton Mobility Index, Functional Status Score for Intensive Care Unit (FSS-ICU), 6-Minute Walking Test (6WMT), intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay and so on. The intensive care environment was also discussed using ICF environment factors. Conclusion:This paper proposed a framework of rehabilitation of mobility for critically ill patients based on the WHO-FICs. It focused on respiratory system disease, neurological system diseases, cardiovascular system diseases, post-surgical with mobility dysfunction. To implement interventions in therapeutic, preventive, and health promotion to optimize patients' function, and to prevent complications and secondary dysfunction, and improve their well-being.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912710

ABSTRACT

To enhance primary and secondary stroke prevention, the Stroke Prevention and Control Project committee of the National Health Commission launched since October 2017 a nationwide training program for cerebrocardiac health advisors in the country. The authors introduced the standardized training system for such advisors, and the health management plan for stroke patients, in an effort to provide full-course health management scheme for stroke patients, and explore a stroke management model led by cerebrocardiac health advisors. Such efforts were designed to promote effective implementation of integrated prevention and control strategies for stroke, and provide a reference for the clinical practice of cerebrocardiac health advisors in a comprehensive and in-depth manner.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873712

ABSTRACT

@#With the broad application of high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and high rates of early lung cancer screening, the number of patients diagnosed with synchronous multiple primary lung cancer (sMPLC) has been increasing. It becomes of great prominence to distinct sMPLC from intrapulmonary metastases in clinical practice. An increasing number of studies have developed high-throughput sequencing based genetic approaches to specify the molecular characteristics of sMPLC, which contributes to a better understanding of its tumorigenesis. The genetic profile of sMPLC also benefits its diagnosis, which mainly relies on its clinicopathological criteria. Here, we summarize the progresses on the diagnostic criteria for sMPLC, and also molecular features of sMPLC from the perspective of clonality analysis.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2079-2083, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of adult Langerhans cell histiocytosis(LCH) patients and to analyze the influencing factors of its prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory charac-teristics of 38 adult LCH patients treated in our hospital from January 2010 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed, and the clinical prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 38 patients was 41 (21-65) years old, and the ratio of male and female was about 2∶1. Among 38 patients, 44.7% (17/38) were involved in multiple systems, and 31.6% (12/38) were involved in high-risk organs (including liver, lung, hematopoietic system or spleen). The bone involvement was the most common (21/38, 55.3%), and the most common clinical symptom was pain (19/38, 50.0%). The result of laboratory showed that anemia (4/38,10.5%), thrombocytopenia (1/38,2.6%), neutropenia (2/38,5.3%), lymphopenia (6/38,15.8%), monocytosis (11/38,28.9%), C-reactive protein increasing (6/21,28.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increasing (10/18, 55.3%), and ferritin protein increasing (9/17, 55.3%). The median follow-up time was 53 months, and a total of 5 patients were died. The 10-year overall survival rate of patients with single-system involvement was 100%, which was significantly higher than that of patients with multiple-system involvement (70.1%) (P=0.0078). The prognosis of patients without risk-organ involvement was better than that of patients with risk-organ involvement (10-year overall survival rate: 100% vs 60.6%) (P=0.0007). Further analysis showed that in addition to multiple-system involvement and risk-organ involvement, the increase of peripheral blood monocyte cells and the increase of ferritin protein were also associated with poorer prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The multiple system involve-ment and risk-organ involvement, the increasing of monocyte cells and the increasing of ferritin protein were the independent risk factors of adult LCH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Laboratories , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 382-386, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863341

ABSTRACT

At present, the medical system vigorously promotes multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment model(MDT), and the timing of liver surgery for synchronous colorectal cancer with liver metastasis(sCRLM) is the focus of expert discussion. The same sCRLM case in different hospital or the different experts is likely to be a different treatment. On the one hand, that reflects the individualized characteristics of MDT. But on the other hand, it also reflects the lack of objective evaluation tools in sCRLM. The purpose of this study is to review the commonly used scoring tools of sCRLM, and to discuss the controversies of simultaneous or staged surgery for liver metastases, so as to inspire the clinical practice in this field.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873317

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical effect of addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang with external application therapy in the patients with acute gouty arthritis (AGA) and damp-heat obstruction syndrome, and to investigate its effect on inflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and fifty-three patients were randomly divided into control group (77 cases) and observation group (76 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got meloxicam tablets after the meal, 1 tablet/day, 1 time/day, diclofenac sodium gel, 3 times/days. On the basis of meloxicam tablets, patients in observation group additionally received addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang by oral and topical applications. The course of treatment was 7 days in both groups. Scores of visual analogue score of pain (VAS) were graded everyday, and the relief time and disappearance time of pain were recorded. Before and after treatment, scores of damp-heat obstruction syndrome were recorded. Levels of uric acid (UA), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), serum cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), thromboxane B2 (TXB2) and 6-keto-prostatic factor F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1α) were all detected, and the safety was evaluated. Result::The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.205, P<0.05). The relief time and disappearance time of pain were shorter than those in control group (P<0.01). At the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th day after treatment, scores of VAS were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of main symptoms such as joint pain, tenderness, swelling and dyskinesia, scores of the secondary symptoms and the total scores of damp-heat obstruction syndrome were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, levels of ESR, CRP, UA, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, COX-2, PGE2 and TXB2 were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::Based on the treatment of meloxicam, addition and subtraction therapy of Yiyiren Tang by oral and topical administration methods can quickly relieve and eliminate pain, alleviate the main clinical symptoms and inhibit inflammation in patients with damp-heat obstruction syndrome, showing good clinical efficacy and safety.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 863-873, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781388

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect and the underlying mechanism of ethacrynic acid (EA) on the contraction in mice. BL-420S force measuring system was used to measure the tension of mouse tracheal rings. The whole cell patch clamp technique was utilized to record the channel currents of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. The calcium imaging system was used to determine the intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]) in ASM cells. The results showed that EA significantly inhibited the high K (80 mmol/L) and acetylcholine (ACh, 100 µmol/L)-induced contraction of mouse tracheal rings in a dose-dependent manner. The maximal relaxation percentages were (97.02 ± 1.56)% and (85.21 ± 0.03)%, and the median effective concentrations were (40.28 ± 2.20) μmol/L and (56.22 ± 7.62) μmol/L, respectively. EA decreased the K and ACh-induced elevation of [Ca] from 0.40 ± 0.04 to 0.16 ± 0.01 and from 0.50 ± 0.01 to 0.39 ± 0.01, respectively. In addition, EA inhibited L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (LVDCC) and store-operated calcium channel (SOCC) currents in ASM cells, and Ca influx. Moreover, EA decreased the resistance of the respiratory system (Rrs) in vivo in mice. These results indicated that EA inhibits LVDCC and SOCC, which results in termination of Ca influx and decreases of [Ca], leading to relaxation of ASM. Taken together, EA might be a potential bronchodilator.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels, L-Type , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Ethacrynic Acid , Pharmacology , Mice , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Respiratory System , Cell Biology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779507

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of rabies in 1955-2016 and the third epidemic period in shaanxi province, and to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of rabies. Methods The historical epidemic data from 1853 to 2003, the rabies surveillance data from Chinese diesase prevention and control information system from 2004 to 2017, and the rabies patient case survey data from 2009 to 2017 were collected to conduct the analysis. Results From 1953 to 2017, there were three epidemics of human rabies in Shaanxi Province. In 2009-2017, 270 cases of rabies were reported, and rabies cases occurred every month. Cases were mainly concentrated in Guanzhong and southern Shaanxi, and occasional cases were reported in northern Shaanxi. The male-female ratio is 2.51 ∶〗1, and the occupational composition was dominated by farmers (84.4%). Injured dogs were mainly domesticated dogs, the ratio of domestic and stray dogs was 13.07 ∶〗1. The exposure level was mainly grade Ⅲ (84.23%). The wounds of 60% cases were not treated after the injury, and the rabies vaccination rate and immunoglobulin utilization rate were both low. Conclusions The public's awareness of the dangers of rabies was still insufficient, so that there was no standard treatment after canine bite, which causes disease. It is necessary to increase the publicity of rabies prevention and control knowledge. The focus should be placed on remote areas and rural areas, and the public should be advocated to take the initiative to use the reimbursement policy for medical treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report a patient with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) manifesting as lumbago, hunchback and Parkinson's syndrome.@*METHODS@#A 49-years-old male CADASIL patient was reported. Results of clinical examination, neuroimaging and genetic testing were analyzed. His family members were also subjected to genetic testing. Related literature was reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The patient had no typical symptoms of CADASIL such as headache, repeated stroke, dementia and emotional disorders, but progressive Parkinson's syndrome, late onset lumbago, hunchback, dysphagia, and diplopia. Brain MRI showed left basal ganglia and external capsule lacunar infarction. Genetic testing revealed a point mutation c.1630C>T (p.R544C) in exon 11 of the NOTCH3 gene. A heterozygous mutation was detected in the same gene in his mother, elder sister and younger brother, all of whom showed different clinical phenotypes.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical features of CADASIL are heterogeneous. Lumbago, humpback, and Parkinson's syndrome may be a rare clinical phenotype of CADASIL.


Subject(s)
CADASIL , Genetics , Humans , Low Back Pain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Parkinson Disease , Receptor, Notch3 , Genetics
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1063-1070, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Visual-spatial neglect (VSN) is a neuropsychological syndrome, and right-hemisphere stroke is the most common cause. The pathogenetic mechanism of VSN remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) changes in patients with or without VSN after right-hemisphere stroke.@*METHODS@#Eleven patients with VSN with right-hemisphere stroke (VSN group) and 11 patients with non-VSN with right-hemisphere stroke (non-VSN group) were recruited along with one control group of 11 age- and gender-matched healthy participants. The visual-spatial function was evaluated using behavioral tests, and ERP examinations were performed.@*RESULTS@#The response times in the VSN and non-VSN groups were both prolonged compared with those of normal controls (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Visual-spatial attention function is impaired after right-hemisphere stroke, and clinicians should be aware of the subclinical VSN. Our findings provide neuroelectrophysiological evidence for the lateralization of VSN.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cerebral Infarction , Electrophysiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Genetics , PPAR gamma , Genetics , Perceptual Disorders , Genetics , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Reaction Time , Genetics , Physiology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Stroke , Genetics , Metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 525-533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are positive in some patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but the prognostic value of ANAs remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of ANAs as a prognostic factor in CLL.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 216 newly diagnosed CLL subjects with ANAs test from 2007 to 2017. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to screen the independent prognostic factors related to time to first treatment (TTFT), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Receiver operator characteristic curves and area under the curve (AUC) were utilized to assess the predictive accuracy of ANAs together with other independent factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of ANAs abnormality at diagnosis was 13.9%. ANAs positivity and TP53 disruption were independent prognostic indicators for OS. The AUC of positive ANAs together with TP53 disruption was 0.766 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.697-0.826), which was significantly larger than that of either TP53 disruption (AUC: 0.706, 95% CI: 0.634-0.772, P = 0.034) or positive ANAs (AUC: 0.595, 95% CI: 0.520-0.668, P < 0.001) in OS prediction. Besides, serum positive ANAs as one additional parameter to CLL-international prognostic index (IPI) obtained superior AUCs in predicting CLL OS than CLL-IPI alone.@*CONCLUSION@#This study identified ANAs as an independent prognostic factor for CLL, and further investigations are needed to validate this finding.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Blood , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoimmunity , Physiology , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Blood , Mortality , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Mutation , Genetics , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Blood , Young Adult , ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase , Blood
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774298

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestation, immunophenotypes and prognostic factors of patients with primary tonsil afftive large B cell lymphoma ( PT-DLBCL ).@*METHODS@#The clinical data including clinical characterstics, typing, staging, treatment efficacy and prognostic factors of PT-DLBCL patients were collected and analyzed restrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Out of 36 cases with the detinite cell origin, 24 cases (66.7%) were detecmined as the type of germinal center B-cell (GCB) and 12 cases (33.3%) was non-germinal center B-cell (non-GCB), 15 (40.5%) out of 37 cases were in Ann Arbor stage Ⅰ, and 22 (59.5%) in stage Ⅱ. With the median follow-up of 44 (10-101) months, 2 cases (5.4%) failed to be followed-up, after treatment for 6 (3-8) cycles 35 patients were evaluated. Among them 26 cases (74.3%) reached to complete remission (CR), 8 cases (22.9%) to partial remission ( PR ), and 1 (2.8%) to stable disease (SD). Both the 3 years and 5 years progression-free survival ( PFS ) were 82.5%, and both 3 and 5 years overall survival (OS) were 95.5%. 5 cases (13.5%) received radiotherapy. The patients aged>60 ( P<0.05 ) or aged>70 (P<0.05) had shorter PFS than younger patients. The patients with increased lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH ) level (P<0.01) and without rituximab (R) (P<0.05) in the treatment regimen had relatively short OS.@*CONCLUSION@#The patients sensitive to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy have a good prognosis. Most of the patients can obtain long-term survival after treatment. The effect of combined immunotherapy are better than that of the simple chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Middle Aged , Palatine Tonsil , Prognosis , Tonsillar Neoplasms
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745696

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of liraglutide intervention combined percutanous coronary intervention(PCI) therapy on acute myocardial infarction( AMI) with type 2 diabetes( T2DM) patients'myocardial injury, ventricular remodeling( VR), and cardiac function. Methods Eighty patients with AMI and T2DM were included in the study, and they were randomly divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table, each with 40 patients. The patients in the control group received metformin and conventional insulin combined PCI treatment, and the patients in the observation group received metformin and liraglutide combined PCI treatment. The changes in the values of ventricular remodeling indexes, cardiac function and serum related indexes were compared after 3 months treatment between the two groups. Results ( 1) The body weight and fasting blood glucose levels of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group( P<0.05), and fasting insulin levels were significantly higher than those of the control group(P<0.01). (2)The levels of N-terminal-pro-B- type natriuretic peptide ( NT-proBNP ), creatine kinase isoenzymes-MB ( CK-MB), and troponin I ( TnI) in the observation group 3 months after treatment were significantly lower than those in the control group(P<0.05). (3)The levels of serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group 3 months after treatment( P<0. 05). ( 4) The values of left ventricular end systolic diameter ( LVESD ), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), interventricular septum thickness ( IVST), left ventricular posterior wall thickness ( LVPWT), left ventricular mass index ( LVMI), left ventricular end systolic volume ( LVESV), and left ventricular end diastolic volume(LVEDV) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group; the values of left ventricular fraction shortening(LVFS), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), and mitral valve early diastolic blood flow rate (VE)/atrial systolic flow velocity ( VA), all were higher than those of the control group ( P<0. 05). Conclusion Lraglutide intervention combined with PCI therapy on AMI with T2DM patients may reduce myocardial injury, induce ventricular remodeling, enhance cardiac function, and improve prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745686

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between the level of glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and the extent of coronary lesions in coronary heart disease (CHD).Methods One hundred and ninety-two CHD patients included in the study were divided into simple CHD group (n =60),CHD accompanied with impaired glucose tolerance(IGT) group (n =67),and CHD accompanied with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) group (n =65).48subjects were used as controls.The levels of GLP-1 in all the patients were analyzed by ELISA.Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTF) was performed.Blood glucose,insulin,and C-peptide levels were measured.The area under curves of insulin(AUCINS),C-peptide (AUCC-P),glucose (AUCGlu),and GLP-1 (AUCGLP-1) were calculated.All the patients underwent coronary angiography and the extent of coronary lesions was analyzed by total amount of coronary narrow degree integral.The association of GLP-1 level with coronary narrow degree was analyzed by correlation analysis and multivariate linear stepwise regression analysis.Results The levels of blood glucose and AUCGlu during OGTT in CHD accompanied with T2DM group were significantly higher than those in CHD with IGT group (P<0.01),while the levels of insulin and C-peptide,AUCINS,and AUCC-P were decreased (P<0.05).The levels of blood glucose,insulin,C-peptide,AUCGlu,AUCINs,and AUCC-P in CHD accompanied with IGT group were significantly higher than those in control group and simple CHD group (P<0.01).Compared with simple CHD group and CHD accompanied with IGT group,GLP-1 level in CHD accompanied with T2DM group was markedly decreased(P<0.01) while coronary artery narrow degree was raised(P< 0.05).Compared with simple CHD group,CHD accompanied with IGT group showed lower GLP-1 level and higher coronary artery narrow degree(P<0.01).Correlation analysis revealed that GLP-1 level was negatively correlated with the coronary artery narrow degree in CHD patients (P < 0.01).Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that systolic blood pressure,high density lipoprotein-cholesterol,fasting C-peptide and GLP-1 had a predictive effect on the coronary narrow degree integral in CHD patients.Conclusion The level of GLP-1 is closely correlated with the coronary artery narrow degree in CHD patients,especially in patients accompanied by hyperglycemia.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 95-101, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745183

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and significance of vitamin D (VitD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA),and analyze the relationship between its expression and clinical indicators.Methods Clin-ical parameters and laboratory examinations of RA cases (n=250) were collected.Clinical parameters included were gender,age,disease course,swollen joints number,tenderness joints number,visual analog pain score (VAS),disease activity score (DAS)28 score.Laboratory examinations included erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),C-reactive protein (CRP),rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody,antinuclear (ANA) antibody,antikeratin (AKA) antibody,anti-perinuclear factor (APF),anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV),antibody and anti-6-glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) antibody,lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood and lymphocyte subsets of CD4+T cells.The level of 25-(OH)-Vit-D and clinical parameters,laboratory examinations were analyzed retrospectively.One-way ANOVA and KruskalWallis test were used for comparison among the groups;and the correlation analysis was performed by Pearson and Spearman rank correlation analysis.Results ① The level of 25-(OH) D in RA patients was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (t=11.676,P<0.01).② According to 25-(OH)D level,RA patients were divided into the deficiency group,insufficient group and normal group,the tender joints count (x2=17.793,P<0.001),the number of swollen joints (x2=12.635,P=0.002),ESR (F=6.330,P=0.002),VAS score (F=5.095,P=0.007,DAS28 (F=4.990,P=0.008) were different significantly amorg the three groups.③RF (x2=6.742,P=0.034) and anti-CCP antibody (x2=6.836,P=0.033) were different significantly among the three groups and the level of 25-(OH) D was negatively correlated with RF (r=-0.202,P=0.001),anti-CCP antibody (r=-0.220,P<0.01),anti-MCV antibody (r=-0.109,P=0.002) and AKA (r=-0.215,P=0.001).④ The level of 25-(OH) D in the RF (t=-2.715,P=0.007),anti-CCP antibody (t=-2.03,P=0.044),AKA (t=-2.108,P=0.036) negative group was significantly higher than that in patients with antibody positive group.⑤ The level of Th1 (IFN-γ) cells (F=3.259,P=0.043) and Treg (CD4+CD25+Foxp3+) cells (F=4.342,P=0.031) were significantly different among the three groups and the level of 25-(OH) D was positively correlated with Treg (CD4+CD25+Foxp3+) cells (r=0.146,P=0.025).Conclusion Vitamin D is generally deficient in RA patients,which is significantly correlated with disease activity,RF,anti-CCP antibody,anti-MCV antibody,AKA and Th1,Treg cells.It is suggested that vitamin D may play an important role in the immunological pathogenesis and disease progression of RA.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823486

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the main causes of mortality, long-term physical and cognitive impairment in China. In order to meet the challenge, Stroke Prevention and Treatment Project of the National Health Commission (SPTPC) was established in April 2011 in the Ministry of Health. In 2016, SPTPC issued a work plan of stroke center hospital. In order to shorten the time of pre-hospital, the SPTPC established the stroke center network, stroke map and stroke green channel to create "the three 1-hour gold rescue circle" to form a hierarchical stroke diagnosis and treatment system. The current construction of the Chinese Stroke Center is divided into two levels and four layers. As of December 31, 2018, SPTPC has certified a total of 310 advanced stroke centers, including 30 demonstration advanced stroke centers and 280 advanced stroke centers, and 127 stroke prevention centers, including 85 demonstration stroke prevention centers and 42 stroke prevention centers. The median time from admission to intravenous thrombolysis (DNT) at the advanced stroke center was decreased by 13.2% (53 min vs. 46 min) in the fourth quarter of 2018 as compared with that in the first quarter of 2017.The national thrombolytic rate of acute ischemic stroke was increased 3.24 times (1.78% vs. 0.42%) in 2017 compared that in 2010. In the next step, SPTPC will vigorously promote the construction of stroke centers and graded diagnosis and treatment mechanisms, consolidate quality control and standardization, increase the scope of influence of mobile stroke and remote diagnosis and treatment, and further improve the construction of stroke center systems with Chinese characteristics.

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1479-1487, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763213

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) at baseline and mid-treatment with ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed data from 48 patients with FL who were treated in Jiangsu Province Hospital and reviewed their baseline PET-CT scans. TMTV and TLG were computed by using the absolute value of 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 thresholding method, respectively. RESULTS: Median age was 53 years, 75.0% of patients had stage III to IV disease, 43.8% had a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index 1 (FLIPI1) score of 3 to 5 and 20.8% had a FLIPI2 score of 3 to 5. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were 476.4 (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 78.0%; area under the curve [AUC], 0.760; p=0.003) and 2,676.9 (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 78.0%; AUC, 0.760; p=0.003). On multivariable analysis, TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were independent predictors of both progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio [HR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.326 to 22.040; p=0.019 and HR, 6.502; 95% CI, 1.079 to 39.182; p=0.042) and overall survival (OS) (HR, 4.111; 95% CI, 1.125 to 15.027; p=0.033 and HR, 5.885; 95% CI, 1.014 to 34.148; p=0.049). ROC curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for ΔTMTV3.0 and ΔTLG3.0 were 66.3% (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 63.4%; AUC, 0.774; p 66.3%) and TLG (ΔTLG > 64.5%) reduction are valuable tools for early treatment response assessment in FL patients.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Glycolysis , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Methods , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tumor Burden
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763129

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is one of the most frequent type of B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders and chronic inflammation takes part in the development of CLL. However, there has been no valid immune biomarker to predict the prognosis of untreated CLL patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed the clinical correlations and prognostic value of albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio (AFR) detected at diagnosis in 191 CLL patients. RESULTS: The cut-off value of AFR was 9.7 calculated by X-tile. Patients who were more than 65 years old were often accompanied by low level of AFR (p < 0.001). Survival analysis showed that patients with low level of AFR had shorter overall survival (OS) than patients with high level of AFR (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis illustrated that AFR had a negative impact on OS (p=0.003) and was independent of parameters involved in CLL international prognostic index and other prognostic markers such as CD38 and ZAP-70. CONCLUSION: These data provide a comprehensive view of AFR and shows that AFR at diagnosis is an adverse prognostic factor in untreated CLL patients.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Diagnosis , Fibrinogen , Humans , Inflammation , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin
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