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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 16-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012648

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish the Shanghai twin birth cohort (STBC) and analyze the effects of genetic factors, shared environment, and non-shared environment interactions on birth health and growth and development of newborns. MethodsBased on the population-wide birth cohort in Shanghai, a comprehensive survey was conducted on the families with double and multiple babies born after January 1, 2015 to collect information on birth health, growth and development, and the family environment of the babies. ResultsBy December 31, 2021, a total of 7 195 pairs (14 405 cases) of twins were successfully included in the STBC survey. The average birth length of twins was 47.2 cm and average birth weight was 2 465.3 g. Heterozygous twins accounted for 69.05% and preterm babies accounted for 57.07%. The average age of the mothers of twins was 31.82 years, and the average age of the fathers was 33.87 years, with more than 80% of the parents having a college degree or above. 44.50% of the mothers used assisted reproductive technologies, 7.40% had illnesses during pregnancy, and 15.90% were exposed to passive smoking during pregnancy. During the survey period, the average monthly increase in the length of the twin infants was 2.09 cm, and the average monthly weight gain was 0.53 kg. ConclusionThe incidence of adverse outcomes such as maternal cesarean section rate, preterm birth, and low birth weight is higher in the twin birth population. Information on birth health as well as growth and development in childhood and adolescence in the twin birth population is collected based on STBC, which can provide a solid data foundation for studying children’s chronic non-communicable diseases, psychological and behavioral disorders and other complex health problems caused by the combined effects of genetics and the environment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 119-124, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the research progress on the role of macrophage-mediated osteoimmune in osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) and its mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Recent studies on the role and mechanism of macrophage-mediated osteoimmune in ONFH at home and abroad were extensively reviewed. The classification and function of macrophages were summarized, the osteoimmune regulation of macrophages on chronic inflammation in ONFH was summarized, and the pathophysiological mechanism of osteonecrosis was expounded from the perspective of osteoimmune, which provided new ideas for the treatment of ONFH.@*RESULTS@#Macrophages are important immune cells involved in inflammatory response, which can differentiate into classically activated type (M1) and alternatively activated type (M2), and play specific functions to participate in and regulate the physiological and pathological processes of the body. Studies have shown that bone immune imbalance mediated by macrophages can cause local chronic inflammation and lead to the occurrence and development of ONFH. Therefore, regulating macrophage polarization is a potential ONFH treatment strategy. In chronic inflammatory microenvironment, inhibiting macrophage polarization to M1 can promote local inflammatory dissipation and effectively delay the progression of ONFH; regulating macrophage polarization to M2 can build a local osteoimmune microenvironment conducive to bone repair, which is helpful to necrotic tissue regeneration and repair to a certain extent.@*CONCLUSION@#At present, it has been confirmed that macrophage-mediated chronic inflammatory immune microenvironment is an important mechanism for the occurrence and development of ONFH. It is necessary to study the subtypes of immune cells in ONFH, the interaction between immune cells and macrophages, and the interaction between various immune cells and macrophages, which is beneficial to the development of potential therapeutic methods for ONFH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femur Head/pathology , Osteonecrosis/therapy , Macrophages/pathology , Inflammation , Femur Head Necrosis/pathology
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1505-1514, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978711

ABSTRACT

As a member of G protein coupled-receptors superfamily, free fatty acid receptor 1 (FFAR1), is also known as GPR40, has been shown to regulate numerous pathophysiological processes in a variety of tissues and organs. The activated FFAR1 has a variety of biological functions. For instance, it can not only regulate metabolism of fatty acids and glucose, but also play an important role in immune inflammatory response, it may be a potential drug target for the treatment of various chronic inflammatory diseases. In this review, we focus on the recent researches of FFAR1's action in the regulation of pathophysiological processes, its molecular mechanism and new agonists development. At the same time, this review will take the discovery of series FFAR1 agonists as examples, and display the applied prospects of FFAR1.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2239-2249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999148

ABSTRACT

Toll like receptors (TLRs) are the earliest discovered natural immune pattern recognition receptors (PRRs). The abnormality of TLR signal transduction pathway is the key factor leading to chronic inflammatory, cancer, nervous system disease and cardiovascular diseases. The development of TLR agonists and inhibitors has attracted much attention. Currently known TLR2 agonists, such as lipopeptides or their derivatives, have certain limitations in drug development due to their difficult synthesis, easy hydrolysis, and triggering inflammatory cytokine storms, while inhibitors have been rarely reported. New small molecule TLR2 agonists or inhibitors with higher stability are more likely to be developed as tumor immunotherapy or anti-inflammatory drugs.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996413

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on the Pressure-State-Response (PSR) model and Environmental health indicators (EHIs), the comprehensive environmental health risk index of the Yangtze River economic belt is assessed to evaluate the comprehensive environmental health risk of the study area from 2016 to 2020. Methods Reference to the results of the Second National Pollution Source Census, a comprehensive environmental health risk assessment system was established. Twenty three representative indicators covering the four directions of economy, society, environment and health were selected. The above indicators were standardized using the range method, and each indicator was weighted using the entropy weight method. Results From 2016 to 2020, the comprehensive risk of environmental health in the Yangtze River Economic Belt showed a downward trend. The comprehensive health risk index decreased from 0.5450 to 0.3255, and the risk level has changed from "medium risk" to "low risk". Conclusion The overall environmental health of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has been improving, but it is still necessary to note that with the economic development, the regional pressure risk index has been rising rapidly, and corresponding measures should be taken to maintain the balanced development of economic and environmental health.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the evaluation method of hospital beds efficiency based on diagnosis-related groups (DRG), and to provide a basis for hospitals to allocate beds reasonably and improve bed efficiency.Methods:Taking a tertiary hospital in Beijing as the research object, the types of beds were evaluated by the beds utilization matrix with the time consumption index as the X-axis and the bed utilization rate as the Y-axis. The types of beds in the department were divided into efficiency type, pressure type, turnover type, and idle type. The efficiency of medical services and the level of diagnosis and treatment were evaluated by the weight of DRG per bed. The calculation method of theoretical number of beds was improved by incorporating hospital case mix index as a risk adjustment factor into the formula to evaluate the status of beds allocation. Combining the bed type, DRG weight per bed, and bed allocation status, the improvement emphasis and management strategy of bed utilization could be comprehensively analyzed.Results:Among the 24 departments in the hospital, there were 5, 9, 1 and 9 departments being efficiency type, pressure type, turnover type and idle type, respectively. The weight per bed of 11 departments was higher than the average level of the hospital. There were 16, 5, and 3 departments with appropriate, fewer, and excessive beds, respectively.Conclusions:The comprehensive analysis of beds utilization type, allocation status and weight of each bed based on DRG is an effective method to evaluate the efficiency of hospital beds, and can provide decision-making basis for hospital bed resource allocation, hospital operation focus adjustment, and subject development planning.

7.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 58-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995527

ABSTRACT

Chylothorax is one of the complications of surgery and lymphatic diseases. The incidence rate of chylothorax has been increasing in recent years. X-ray-guided interventional therapy is a new method for treating chylothorax, and its curative effect is no less than the traditional surgical treatment. Based on discussing the aetiology and diagnosis of chylothorax, this paper briefly summarizes the application progress of X-ray-guided interventional therapy for chylothorax to provide further reference and a basis for clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 126-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficiency and safety of modified endoscopic anti-reflux mucosectomy (ARMS) for refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (rGERD) with moderate hiatus hernia.Methods:A total of 30 patients with rGERD with moderate hiatus hernia (3-5 cm) diagnosed at the Department of Gastroenterology of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital from June 2017 to June 2020 were randomly divided into 2/3 circumferential mucosal resection group ( n=15) and 3/4 circumferential mucosal resection group ( n=15) using random number table method, and received modified ARMS of the corresponding mucosal resection range. The GERD symptoms, esophagitis under endoscopy, 24 h pH results, and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) resting pressure were compared before and after the procedure. The therapeutic effect and complications of the two groups were analyzed. Results:In 2/3 resection group, the GERD questionnaire scores (9.53±0.36 VS 11.93±0.57, t=6.874, P<0.001), acid exposure time (19.81%±1.72% VS 31.45%±2.78%, t=8.020, P<0.001) and the DeMeester score based on 24 h esophageal pH monitoring (40.98±4.55 VS 55.33±5.65, t=6.408, P<0.001) at 6 months after the treatment showed a significant reduction compared with those before. In 3/4 resection group, the GERD questionnaire scores (9.0±0.57 VS 12.47±0.68, t=8.650, P<0.001), acid exposure time (20.07%±2.19% VS 29.96%±3.00%, t=7.444, P<0.001) and the DeMeester score (33.67±3.47 VS 51.17±6.03, t=4.973, P<0.001) at 6 months after the treatment were lower than those before. There was no significant difference in the GERD questionnaire scores ( t=0.790, P=0.436), acid exposure time ( t=0.093, P=0.926) or the DeMeester score ( t=1.278, P=0.212) between the two groups at 6 months after treatment. In the two groups, there was no significant difference in the ratio of esophagitis grade C and D (10/15 VS 5/15, χ2=3.894, P=0.063; 8/15 VS 4/15, χ2=2.778, P=0.125) or LES resting pressure [3.29 (2.66,8.29) mmHg VS 3.98 (3.67,9.43) mmHg, P=0.334;5.78 (1.9,8.46) mmHg VS 5.88 (3.28,8.99) mmHg, P=0.125] before and after the treatment. No postoperative delayed bleeding or perforation was observed. The incidence of postoperative esophageal stenosis of 2/3 resection group was lower than that of the other group (1/15 VS 6/15, χ2=4.658, P=0.021). Conclusion:Modified ARMS is effective for controlling reflux symptoms and esophageal acid exposure in rGRED patients with moderate hiatus hernia (3-5 cm), but cannot significantly increase the postoperative resting pressure of LES. Compared with 3/4 circumferential mucosal resection, 2/3 circumferential mucosal resection can reduce the incidence of postoperative esophageal stenosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 787-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore anti-seizure medication (ASM) treatment patterns, seizures, maternal and fetal outcomes and offspring outcomes of pregnant women with epilepsy (PWWE) who withdraw ASM in the first trimester of pregnancy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the PWWE database registered in West China Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2009 to October 2022. Patients who withdrew ASM therapy in the first trimester and those who maintained ASM therapy throughout pregnancy were included. Withdrawal in the first trimester was defined as discontinuation of ASM between 0 and 3 months of pregnancy. Sixty-five PWWE (withdrawal group) who withdraw ASM in the first trimester were included, and 130 PWWE (maintained-therapy group) who took ASM throughout pregnancy in West China Hospital during the same period were matched 1∶2. Demographic characteristics, ASM, seizures, maternal and fetal outcomes within 1 year were compared between the 2 groups. In the subgroup analysis, the withdrawal group was divided into a full withdrawal group ( n=53) and a resumption group ( n=12) according to whether the ASM was resumed in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, and the 2 groups were stratified and compared. Results:In the withdrawal group, the proportion of patients with bachelor degree below [72.3% (47/65) vs 54.6% (71/130), χ 2=5.68, P=0.017], family income less than 5 000 yuan per capita [44.6% (29/65) vs 18.5% (24/130), χ 2=14.98, P<0.001], a family history of epilepsy [12.3% (8/65) vs 3.1% (4/130), χ 2=4.90, P=0.027], and a second pregnancy [43.1% (28/65) vs 26.2% (34/130), χ 2=5.72, P=0.017] was higher than in the maintained-therapy group. The proportion of patients who received multiple ASM was lower in the withdrawal group than in the maintained-therapy group [16.9% (11/65) vs 38.5% (50/130), χ 2=9.35, P=0.002]. In the withdrawal group, the rate of seizures with tonic-clonic seizures during pregnancy [50.8% (33/65) vs 31.5% (41/130), χ 2=6.81, P=0.009] and seizure exacerbation during pregnancy [32.3% (21/65) vs 9.2% (12/130), χ 2=16.41, P<0.001] was higher. The preterm birth rate in the withdrawal group was lower than that in the maintained-therapy group [4.6% (3/65) vs 19.2% (25/130), χ 2=101.70, P<0.001]. The rate of seizure exacerbation during pregnancy was higher in the resumption group than in the full withdrawal group [7/12 vs 26.4% (14/53), χ 2=3.22, P=0.073]. Conclusions:PWWE with a family history of epilepsy and a second pregnancy were more likely to withdraw ASM during pregnancy. After withdrawal, the seizures during pregnancy were significantly worse, but the preterm birth rate of offspring was relatively reduced.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 55-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994799

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics and therapeutic efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis.Methods:The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination, neuroimaging features, treatment and prognosis of 37 cases of CNS aspergillosis diagnosed and treated in the First Medical Center of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2000 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the correlation between intracranial lesions and paranasal sinus lesions, they were divided into two groups: rhino-cerebral aspergillosis (RA, n=21) group and cerebral aspergillosis (CA, n=16) group. Results:Only 16.2% (6/37) of CNS aspergillosis patients had a clear background of immunosuppression, but 35.1% (13/37) were complicated with diabetes. The most common clinical manifestations were headache (73.0%, 27/37), cranial nerve involvement (59.5%, 22/37) and fever (37.8%, 14/37). Cerebrospinal fluid characteristics included increased pressure (53.8%, 14/26), increased white blood cell count (46.7%, 14/30), decreased glucose (30.0%, 9/30), increased protein (70.0%, 21/30), and high positive results of the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of pathogenic microorganism (7/10). Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed that commonly involved sites were sinus, orbital apex, posterior orbit, cavernous sinus (43.2%, 16/37) and cerebral lobes (27.0%, 10/37). Treatment options included antifungal drugs alone (64.9%, 24/37), combination of drugs and surgery (27.0%, 10/37) and surgery alone (8.1%, 3/37). Compared with the CA group, RA group had fewer males [47.6% (10/21) vs 14/16, χ2=6.34, P=0.012] and older age [(54.2±19.4) years vs (38.4±18.4) years, t=2.50, P=0.017], and was more prone to headache [85.7% (18/21) vs 9/16, χ2=4.00, P=0.046) and cranial nerve involvement [81.0% (17/21) vs 5/16, χ 2=9.31, P=0.006]. The misdiagnosis rate of these patients in the early stage was 73.0% (27/37). A total of 29 patients (85.3%, 29/34) were treated with voriconazole successively, and the course of treatment was 3.0 (0.5, 10.4) months. Compared with salvage therapy, the mortality of primary therapy was lower (4/17 vs 9/12, χ2=7.54, P=0.006). All patients were followed up to December 2021, and 17 patients died, with a mortality rate of 45.9% (17/37). Conclusions:CNS aspergillosis may have no definite immunosuppressive background. Some of CNS aspergillosis patients are complicated with diabetes, and the clinical manifestations of the disease lack specificity, with high misdiagnosis rate in the early stage, no inflammatory changes in cerebrospinal fluid, and high positive rate of mNGS for pathogenic microorganism. Early and long-term application of voriconazole can significantly reduce the mortality rate.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 598-602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994746

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of perioperative aspirin administration on intraoperative and postoperative bleeding in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) pulmonary wedge resection.Methods:Sixty-three patients scheduled for VATS pulmonary wedge resection in Shougang Hospital of Peking University from November 2020 to April 2022 were randomly assigned in 2 groups. All patients had a history of aspirin taking, patients in study group ( n=32) continued aspirin taking perioperatively, and patients in the control group ( n=31) stopped taking aspirin for 7 days before surgery and resumed taking 3 days after surgery. The volume of intraoperative blood lost, operation time, postoperative drainage volume, thoracic drainage tube placement time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative thrombosis of lower extremity, perioperative cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and postoperative wound healing were documented and compared between the two groups. Results:There were no significant differences in age, gender, oral aspirin time, lesion location, lesion nature, localization, lesion size and underlying disease between the two groups (all P>0.05). All patients successfully completed the operation, and no patients switched to thoracotomy. The intraoperative blood loss in study group and control group was (27.72±12.86) ml and (31.35±13.81) ml ( t=1.08, P=0.283); the operation time was (61.16±10.24) minutes and (61.39±13.79) minutes, respectively ( t=0.08, P=0.940). There were no significant differences in postoperative thoracic drainage, drainage tube placement time, length of hospital stay, incidence of lower extremity thrombosis, incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and rate of poor wound healing between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Perioperative administration of aspirin may not increase intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, and the incidence of operation-related complications in patients undergoing VATS pulmonary wedge resection.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 538-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994357

ABSTRACT

The latest epidemiological data suggests that the situation of adult diabetes in China is severe, and metabolic diseases have become significant chronic illnesses that have a serious impact on public health and social development. After more than six years of practice, the National Metabolic Management Center(MMC) has developed distinctive approaches to manage metabolic patients and has achieved a series of positive outcomes, continuously advancing the standardized diagnosis and treatment model. In order to further improve the efficiency, based on the first edition, the second edition guideline was composed by incorporating experience of the past six years in conjunction with the latest international and domestic guidelines.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 327-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between weight change and metabolic control of type 2 diabetic patients after 1 year treatment under the standardized metabolic disease management model.Methods:From November 2017 to November 2021, 950 patients with T2DM in the Standardized Metabolic Management Center of Suzhou Municipal Hospital were recruited in this research, who were divided into normal(BMI 18.5-23.9 kg/m 2), overweight(BMI 24.0-27.9 kg/m 2), and obese(BMI≥28 kg/m 2)groups according to baseline BMI. The metabolic indicators and control rates were compared. The overweight and obese 599 patients were divided into weight reduction(<-3 kg), maintenance(-3-1 kg) and gain(>1 kg)groups according to weight changes by one year, and metabolic indicators and control rates were compared to analyze the influence of weight change on metabolic control of overweight and obese patients. Results:(1) The overweight and obese groups had worse metabolic control at baseline and the obese group was younger. After 1 year, the metabolic indicators of three groups were significantly improved. (2) After 1 year, the metabolic control was better in weight reduction group and worse in weight gain group. The control rates were increased in weight reduction and maintenance groups. (3) For every 1 kg reduction in body weight of overweight and obese patients, blood glucose, blood lipids, blood pressure and comprehensive control rate increased by 1.206, 1.046, 1.069 and 1.107 times, respectively. There was a positive linear relationship between weight reduction and metabolic improvement.Conclusion:Standardized metabolic disease management model promotes metabolic control in type 2 diabetic patients, especially in overweight and obese patients who actively lose weight. In the future we should strengthen the management of overweight and obese patients, enhance self-management ability, and manage body weight scientifically and effectively.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 580-584, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the number and viability of cancer cells in salvaged autologous blood from the patients undergoing liver cancer surgery.Methods:Twenty patients undergoing open radical primary hepatocellular carcinoma were selected, and blood from the operative field was collected after exposing the liver and treated with ICS. Blood specimens 20 ml from the surgical field (S 1), blood specimens 20 ml before ICS treatment-leukocyte depletion filter (LDF) filtration (S 2) and blood specimens 20 ml after LDF filtration (S 3) were collected and enriched, of which the blood sample 10 ml was used for cancer cell identification and count by immunofluorescence staining, and the remaining blood sample 10 ml was continuously cultured for 3 weeks, and then cell viability was observed by immunofluorescence method. Results:Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) cells were identified in 19 S 1 specimens, 18 S 2 specimens, and 16 S 3 specimens, but there was no significant difference in the detection rate among the three specimens ( P>0.05). Compared with S 1 specimens, HCC cell count was significantly reduced in S 2 and S 3 specimens ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the HCC cell count between S 3 specimens and S 2 specimens ( P>0.05). After 3 weeks of culture, the results of light microscopy showed that: hepatocellular carcinoma cell clusters were found in S1 specimens, and no hepatocellular carcinoma cell cluster was found in S 2 and S 3 specimens; the results of fluorescence microscopy showed that: 400 and 14 mixed epithelial-mesenchymal HCC cells and 100 and 21 mesenchymal HCC cells were found in S 1 and S 2 specimens, respectively, while no HCC cells were identified in S 3 specimens, among which HCC cells mainly presented as clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in S 1 specimen, while no clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells were found in S 2 and S 3 specimens. Conclusions:After treatment with ICS or ICS-LDF, the number and viability of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in salvaged autologous blood are significantly reduced, and hepatocellular carcinoma cells exist as single cells and fail to develop clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells; LDF can reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma cell autotransfusion to a certain extent, although it can not effectively filter out hepatocellular carcinoma cells continuously.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 186-191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of transient receptor potential vanillic acid 4 (TRPV4) in dexmedetomidine-induced improvement in cognitive function in mice with mechanical ventilator-caused brain injury.Methods:Ninety clean-grade healthy male C57BL6 mice, weighing 20-25 g, aged 8-12 weeks, were divided into 5 groups ( n=18 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), mechanical ventilation group (group V), HC-067047 group (group H), dexmedetomidine group (group D), and dexmedetomidine+ GSK1016790A group (group DG). In group C, the animals breathed air spontaneously for 6 h without mechanical ventilation. In group V, the animals were mechanically ventilated for 6 h. In group H, TRPV4 blocker HC-067047 10 mmol was injected into the cerebral ventricle at 3 and 6 h of mechanical ventilation. In D and DG groups, dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before mechanical ventilation. In group DG, TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A 5 μmol was injected into the cerebral ventricle at 60 min before mechanical ventilation. Morris water maze test was performed on 6 mice in each group at 1 day before mechanical ventilation and 3 and 7 days after mechanical ventilation. Six mice in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed at 1 day after mechanical ventilation, and the brain tissue was taken for determination of the neuronal apoptosis in hippocampal CA1 area by TUNEL method, and the apoptosis index was calculated. Six mice in each group were randomly selected and sacrificed at 1 day after mechanical ventilation, and the hippocampal tissues were taken for determination of the expression of TRPV4, serine-threonine protein kinase (Akt), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), Bcl-2, Bax and caspase-3 by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged and the number of crossing the original platform was reduced at 3 and 7 days after mechanical ventilation, the expression of TRPV4 and caspase-3 was up-regulated, the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was decreased, and the apoptosis index of neurons was increased in group V and group DG ( P<0.05). Compared with group V, the escape latency was significantly shortened and the number of crossing the original platform was increased at 3 and 7 days after mechanical ventilation, the expression of TRPV4 and caspase-3 was down-regulated, the expression of p-Akt was up-regulated, the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was increased, and the apoptosis index of neurons was decreased in group D and group H ( P<0.05). Compared with group D, the escape latency was significantly prolonged at 3 and 7 days after mechanical ventilation, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the expression of TRPV4 and caspase-3 was up-regulated, the expression of p-Akt was down-regulated, the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax was decreased, and the apoptosis index of neurons was increased in group DG ( P<0.05). Conclusions:TRPV 4 is involved in dexmedetomidine-induced improvement in cognitive function, which is related to up-regulation of p-Akt expression and inhibition of apoptosis in hippocampal neurons in mice with mechanical ventilation-caused brain injury.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1021-1025, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of application of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with evidence-based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice teaching of an orthopedic department.Methods:A total of 48 interns who entered Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China from June 2017 to June 2018 were randomly divided into experimental group (the PBL combined with EBM concept teaching group, n = 24) and control group (the traditional teaching group, n = 24). In the experimental group, teachers selected typical cases, designed questions with certain flexibility and complexity, and organized the students to consult the literature, discuss in groups, and report and summarize around the practical problems. In the control group, traditional indoctrination teaching was adopted according to the clinical experience of the teachers. The teaching effect was assessed by a questionnaire survey, a theoretical examination, and a clinical skill examination. The results were analyzed by t-test and Chi-square test using SPSS 16.0 software. Results:The questionnaire survey showed that compared with the control group, the experimental group gave a significantly better evaluation of the teaching methods they received in terms of improving their theoretical knowledge comprehension ability, comprehensive analysis ability, team collaboration awareness, document retrieval and language expression ability, stimulating their learning motivation, and enhancing their scientific thinking and innovation ability ( P < 0.05). Furthermore, compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher mean scores for both the theoretical test (92.42±2.55 vs. 86.17±3.36, P < 0.05) and the clinical skill test (85.79±3.15 vs. 78.88±3.41, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The application of PBL teaching in orthopedic practice, with the concept of EBM throughout the teaching process, has obtained a good effect. It can improve the clinical teaching quality in orthopedics, improve the comprehensive quality of clinical medical students, inspire their active learning enthusiasm, and cultivate their creative thinking, problem construction, comprehensive analysis, literature retrieval, and communication ability.

17.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 97-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990970

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the composition of the Chinese version of the European quality of life five-dimension scale (EQ-5D), including two different level scales, EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L, and summarizes the status quo of the application of the above scales. This paper sorts out the utility value sets of the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L scales currently developed based on the Chinese population, and provide an important reference for Chinese researchers to choose suitable scales for research on health-related quality of life and health economics cost-utility analysis in the future.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 109-113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014705

ABSTRACT

Pancreatitis is a common digestive disease, the main clinical symptoms are abdominal pain, emaciation, diarrhea, fatty diarrhea and so on. So far, the pathogenesis of pancreatitis has not been clarified, and there are few drugs with clear target, stable curative effect and fewer side effects. This paper summarihes the possible related signal pathways and related treatment methods of pathogenesis of pancreatitis, in order to provide new ideas and references for the research of new drugs for the treatment of pancreatitis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 685-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013155

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen. Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical manifestations, treatment, prognosis, serogroups and antimicrobial resistance of 29 hospitalized children with invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection confirmed by blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bone marrow and other sterile body fluids or deep pus culture at the Department of Infectious Diseases, the Department of Orthopedics and the Department of General Surgery in Xiamen Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2021 were analyzed. According to the clinical diagnosis criteria, the patients were divided into sepsis group and non-sepsis group (bacteremia and local suppurative infection). The inflammatory markers, serogroups distribution and drug resistance were compared between the two groups. Comparison between groups using Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. Results: Among the 29 cases, there were 17 males and 12 females, with an onset age of 14 (9, 25) months, and 10 cases (34%) of patients were younger than 1 year old, 15 cases (52%) under 1 to 3 years old, and 4 cases (14%) greater than or equal 3 years old. The onset time of 25 cases (86%) was from April to September. The diseases included 19 cases (66%) septicemia (2 of which were combined with suppurative meningitis), 10 cases (34%) non-sepsis group, including 7 cases bacteremia and 3 cases local suppurative infection (2 cases of osteomyelitis, 1 case of appendicitis with peritonitis). The clinical manifestations were fever in 29 cases (100%), diarrhea and abdominal pain in 18 cases (62%), cough and runny nose in 10 cases (34%). Eighteen cases (62%) were cured and 11 cases (38%) were improved by effective antibiotics treatment. C-reactive protein in sepsis group was significantly higher than that in non-sepsis group (25.2 (16.1, 56.4) vs. 3.4 (0.5, 7.5) mg/L, Z=-3.81, P<0.001).The serogroups of C, B and E were the most prevalent among non-typhoid Salmonella isolates, accounting for 10 cases (34%), 9 cases (31%) and 7 cases (24%) respectively. Antibacterial drug sensitivity test showed that the sensitivity rates of imipenem, ertapenem and piperaciratazobactam were all 100% (31/31), those of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, and cefepime were 94% (29/31), 94% (29/31) and 97% (30/31) respectively. The drug resistance rates of ampicillin, ampicillin-sulbactam and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were 51% (16/31), 48% (15/31) and 48% (15/31) respectively, those of cefazolin, cefotetan, tobramycin, gentamicin and amikacinwere all 100% (31/31). There were no significant differences in the drug resistance rates of ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, aztreonam, ampicillin-sulbactam, ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and ciprofloxacin between the sepsis group and the non-sepsis group (χ2=0.31,0.31,0.00,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.26, all P>0.05). Conclusions: Invasive non-typhoid Salmonella infection in children at Xiamen mainly occurred in infants younger than 3 years old.The main clinical manifestations are fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea. C-reactive protein can be served as the laboratory indicators for indicating sepsis. The third generation of cephalosporins is recommended as the first choice for treatment.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Female , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Salmonella Infections/microbiology , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Salmonella , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Bacteremia , Abdominal Pain , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 265-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975180

ABSTRACT

Terpine-4-ol is abundant in nature. As a cyclic monoterpenoid compound, terpine-4-ol is distributed in a variety of natural plants. It is the main component and the key active substance in many traditional Chinese essential oils, such as Melaleuca alba essential oil and coral ginger essential oil. Terpine-4-ol has anti-microbial, anti-tumor, insecticidal, anti-inflammatory, and other effects. It can treat cancer, as well as oral and cardiovascular diseases with great safety. In terms of antibacterial activity, terpine-4-ol can destroy bacterial cell walls, improve membrane permeability, and regulate bacterial migration, reproduction, and other related genes to inhibit bacterial activity. In terms of antifungal activity, terpine-4-ol can bind with ergosterol in fungal cell walls to cause fungal death. In terms of insecticidal activity, terpine-4-ol can inhibit Na+ and K+-ATPase activity and cause the death of the insect. In terms of anticancer activity, terpine-4-ol can regulate the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in cancer cells, so as to control the apoptosis of cancer cells. In this paper, the pharmacological activity and action mechanism of terpine-4-ol were reviewed to provide a reference for further research and utilization of terpine-4-ol.

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