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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 203-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of traditional Qigong exercise combined with Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)manipulations in treating lower cervical disc herniation(CDH).Methods:A total of 120 CDH patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group,with 60 cases in each group.Patients in both groups were given the same Tuina manipulations.In addition,patients in the observation group practiced traditional Qigong exercise,and those in the control group did conventional neck exercise.After 8 weeks of treatment,the efficacy of the two groups was observed.Follow-up was conducted 3 months after the end of the treatment to record any recurrence.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was higher than that of the control group(P<0.05).The improvement in symptom scores was more significant in the observation group than in the control group(P<0.05).There was inter-group statistical significance in comparing the cross-sectional area and fatty infiltration of certain cervical muscles(P<0.05).In addition,the recurrence rate in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of the same Tuina manipulation treatment,the efficacy of traditional Qigong exercise in treating CDH is superior to that of conventional neck exercise,with more significant improvements in pain and quality of life and a lower recurrence rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1972-1978, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the home care needs and home resource integration expectations of elderly patients after hip fracture surgery so as to provide health care guidance after discharge.Methods:A mixed study method of consistent parallel design was used to conduct semi-structured interviews in 15 elderly patients after hip fracture surgery. Meanwhile, convenient sampling method was used to select elderly patients after hip fracture surgery to conduct health survey with interRAI-HC(International Resident Assessment Instrument Home Care), and comprehensive data results were analyzed.Results:Through the analysis and induction of the interview data, two main themes were extracted: the diversification of home care needs and the lack of integration of home service resources. There were 25 health problems in the elderly after hip fracture surgery. Health problems mainly focus on ADL limitation, insufficient social activity, limited social interaction, clinical health problems (fall risk, malnutrition, pain, cardiovascular and respiratory problems, weakness, fatigue), etc.Conclusions:For elderly patients after hip fracture surgery, it is necessary to strengthen the rehabilitation guidance at discharge, integrate home care resources to provide diversified nursing services in the transitional stage, promote the formation and continuity of patients' rehabilitation behavior, and improve the clinical outcome of patients.

4.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 40-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010695

ABSTRACT

Candida albicans is the most abundant fungal species in oral cavity. As a smart opportunistic pathogen, it increases the virulence by switching its forms from yeasts to hyphae and becomes the major pathogenic agent for oral candidiasis. However, the overuse of current clinical antifungals and lack of new types of drugs highlight the challenges in the antifungal treatments because of the drug resistance and side effects. Anti-virulence strategy is proved as a practical way to develop new types of anti-infective drugs. Here, seven artemisinins, including artemisinin, dihydroartemisinin, artemisinic acid, dihydroartemisinic acid, artesunate, artemether and arteether, were employed to target at the hyphal development, the most important virulence factor of C. albicans. Artemisinins failed to affect the growth, but significantly inhibited the hyphal development of C. albicans, including the clinical azole resistant isolates, and reduced their damage to oral epithelial cells, while arteether showed the strongest activities. The transcriptome suggested that arteether could affect the energy metabolism of C. albicans. Seven artemisinins were then proved to significantly inhibit the productions of ATP and cAMP, while reduced the hyphal inhibition on RAS1 overexpression strain indicating that artemisinins regulated the Ras1-cAMP-Efg1 pathway to inhibit the hyphal development. Importantly, arteether significantly inhibited the fungal burden and infections with no systemic toxicity in the murine oropharyngeal candidiasis models in vivo caused by both fluconazole sensitive and resistant strains. Our results for the first time indicated that artemisinins can be potential antifungal compounds against C. albicans infections by targeting at its hyphal development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Candida albicans , Candidiasis, Oral/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Hyphae , Artemisinins/pharmacology
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 415-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982760

ABSTRACT

The allergen nasal provocation testing(NPT), in which allergens are applied directly to the nasal mucosa under standard and controlled conditions to provoke the main symptoms of allergic rhinitis(AR), reproduces the response of the upper respiratory tract to natural exposure to allergens under controlled conditions and is the only test currently available to confirm nasal reactivity to allergens. It is invaluable in studying the mechanisms of AR and in assessing the response to novel anti-allergic treatments. The test may play an increasingly important role in clinical practice, especially in the identification of local AR, the diagnosis of occupational AR, the clarification of the composition of allergens, the assessment of the efficacy of AR treatment and the selection of candidates undergoing allergen immunotherapy. This article reviewed the application of NPT in the diagnosis of allergic and non-allergic rhinitis, and also introduces the indications, contraindications, advantages and limitations of NPT in evaluating nasal response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allergens , Rhinitis/diagnosis , Nasal Provocation Tests , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Nasal Mucosa
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 149-152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932644

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic factors of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with pulmonary metastasis.Methods:Clinical characteristics of 135 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients presenting with pulmonary metastasis after treatment in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from 2008 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Thesurvival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was performed by log-rank test. Multivariate prognostic analysis was conducted by Cox models.Results:The median follow-up time of 135 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 94.2 months (19.5-258.9 months), and 109 patients died (80.7%). The 1-and 2-year overall survival rates were 47.4% and 25.1%, with the median survival time was 11.1 months (7.3-14.9 months). Univariate prognostic analysis showed that age, number of lung metastases, treatment of lung metastases, lymph node metastasis, distant organ metastasis, and the interval between the first treatment and lung metastasis were the prognostic factors of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastasis (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age and number of lung metastases were the independent prognostic factors for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastases (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Age and number of lung metastases are the independent prognostic factors for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lung metastases. Surgery or radiotherapy-based regional therapy can enhance clinical prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 682-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features and mutation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MYD88) L265P in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of central nervous system (CNS).Methods:The clinicopathological materials of 45 cases of DLBCL of CNS were retrospectively collected in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2014 to February 2017. The clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed, combined with immunohistochemistry, EB virus in situ hybridization, imaging and medical history. The mutation of MYD88 L265P gene was detected by pyrosequencing and its clinical significance was analyzed. Results:The age of the patients ranged from 42 to 82 years [(57.6±8.8) years], including 24 males and 21 females. Totally 93.3% (42/45) of the patients had supratentorial tumours, which were single or multiple. The cerebral hemisphere (31/45, 68.9%) was the most common involved site, and 21 cases (21/45, 46.7%) had multiple lesions. Histologically, DLBCL in the CNS showed diffuse infiltration of tumor tissue, some of which grew around blood vessels in a "sleeve" arrangement. CD 20 and CD 79a were diffusely and strongly positive. Thirty-nine cases (39/45, 86.7%) were non-germinal center B cell (non-GCB) subtype and 6 cases (6/45, 13.3%) were germinal center B cell (GCB) subtype. MYD88 L265P mutation was found in 64.4% (29/45) patients. There was statistically significant difference between non-GCB type (71.8%, 28/39) and GCB type DLBCL (1/6, P=0.017). Compared with the operation/biopsy group without chemotherapy, operation+chemotherapy, biopsy+chemotherapy, operation/biopsy+chemotherapy+stem cell transplantation can improve the survival and prognosis ( HR=0.05, 95% CI 0.01-0.33 , P=0.002; HR=0.04, 95% CI 0.01-0.36 , P=0.004; HR=0.01, 95% CI 0.00-0.17 , P=0.001; respectively). Conclusions:DLBCL of the CNS is aggressive tumor with poor prognosis, the clinical manifestations are complex and diverse, and the diagnosis is challenging. MYD88 L265P is a common and specific gene mutation in primary CNS lymphoma(PCNSL), which is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma. The MYD88 L265P mutation was more frequently detected in non-GCB than GCB subtype. Chemotherapy can improve the survival rate of PCNSL patients. If chemotherapy achieves complete remission and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is performed, there may be a chance of long-term survival.

8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 216-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935779

ABSTRACT

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University treated a patient with oral sulfur mixture poisoning on January 14, 2020. The patient presented with cyanosis and disturbance of consciousness as the first manifestations, accompanied by metabolic acidosis, shock, hypercalcemia and severe liver function and myocardial damage. The patient was given active treatment, including gastric lavage, blood purification, methylene blue application, correction of shock, organ support and other therapies. However the treatment was poor. Finally, the patient's family chose to give up and requested to be discharged from the hospital, and the patient died on the same day after follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Compounds , Poisoning/therapy , Sulfides
9.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 17-17, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929145

ABSTRACT

Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being's health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management of dental caries. So clinical difficulty assessment system of caries prevention and management is established based on dental caries diagnosis and classification. Dentists should perform oral examination and establish dental records at each visit. When treatment plan is made on the base of caries risk assessment and carious lesion activity, we need to work out patient‑centered and personalized treatment planning to regain oral microecological balance, to control caries progression and to restore the structure and function of the carious teeth. And the follow-up visits are made based on personalized caries management. This expert consensus mainly discusses caries risk assessment, caries treatment difficulty assessment and dental caries treatment plan, which are the most important parts of caries management in the whole life cycle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Prevalence
10.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 14-14, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929142

ABSTRACT

Oral bacteria directly affect the disease status of dental caries and periodontal diseases. The dynamic oral microbiota cooperates with the host to reflect the information and status of immunity and metabolism through two-way communication along the oral cavity and the systemic organs. The oral cavity is one of the most important interaction windows between the human body and the environment. The microenvironment at different sites in the oral cavity has different microbial compositions and is regulated by complex signaling, hosts, and external environmental factors. These processes may affect or reflect human health because certain health states seem to be related to the composition of oral bacteria, and the destruction of the microbial community is related to systemic diseases. In this review, we discussed emerging and exciting evidence of complex and important connections between the oral microbes and multiple human systemic diseases, and the possible contribution of the oral microorganisms to systemic diseases. This review aims to enhance the interest to oral microbes on the whole human body, and also improve clinician's understanding of the role of oral microbes in systemic diseases. Microbial research in dentistry potentially enhances our knowledge of the pathogenic mechanisms of oral diseases, and at the same time, continuous advances in this frontier field may lead to a tangible impact on human health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Dental Caries/microbiology , Microbiota , Mouth/microbiology , Mouth Diseases/microbiology , Periodontal Diseases/microbiology
11.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1180-1187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964211

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical characteristics of 151 local COVID-19 patients in Shanghai, 2022. MethodsThe clinical data of 151 COVID-19 patients admitted to a district-level designated hospital in Shanghai from April 13 to May 10, 2022 were reviewed, and their clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, lung imaging, treatment and outcomes were analyzed. ResultsThe 151 patients ranged from 3 to 97 years old, with a median age of 72 years. Most of them were clustered cases in the communities and families. The main clinical types were mild (95 cases, 62.9%) and general (47 cases, 31.1%). Most of the 9 severe/critical patients (6.0%) were elderly and complicated with multiple comorbidities. The proportion of people who had not been vaccinated was as high as 66.9%, and the proportion of those among severe/critically ill patients who had not been vaccinated was even higher. The most common first symptoms were expectoration in 71 cases (47.0%), fever in 51 cases (33.8%) and dry cough in 30 cases (19.9%). The counts of white blood cells and neutrophils in mild or general group were mostly normal or decreased, and in the severe/critical group increased significantly (P<0.001). Increase of troponin, D-dimer, creatinine, and myoglobin; and decrease of lymphocytes in severe/critical group were more common than the other clinical types (P<0.05). The proportions of use of antibiotics, antiviral drugs, thymalfasin and heparin in severe/critical and general patients were significantly higher than those in mild patients (P<0.05). Among the cured and discharged patients (138 cases, 91.4%), the median number of days for COVID-19 viral nucleic acid to turn negative after treatment was 12 days. The negative conversion days of mild patients were significantly shorter than those of general patients and severe/critical patients (P<0.01). Four (2.6%) death patients were all over 80 years old, unvaccinated, combined with multiple comorbidities, and eventually died of those serious comorbidities. ConclusionCOVID-19 patients at the district-level designated hospital are mainly clustered cases, and the proportion of patients who do not receive COVID-19 vaccine is high. Most of the hospitalized patients are mild, but advanced age, multiple underlying diseases, and lack of vaccination are high-risk factors for developing severe disease. Early assessment and comprehensive treatment are the key to improve prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1328-1335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the expression of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) in nasal polyps (NPs) tissues and the potential role on apoptosis of primary human nasal epithelial cells (pHNECs) in NPs. Methods: The expression level of RUNX1 in NPs tissues was determined by Western blot (WB) and immunohistochemical staining (IHC). In vitro, TNF-α (20 ng/ml) was used to stimulate pHNECs to establish the apoptosis injury model. Hoechst staining was performed to observe pHNECs apoptosis by kit. Subsequently, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and WB were utilized to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2), BCL2-associated X (BAX) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3) to assess the level of apoptosis. The plasmid of sh-RUNX1-6 was transfected into the pHNECs apoptosis model, then the effect of RUNX1 silence on apoptosis was evaluated by WB and flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was performed by the SPSS 19.0 and GraphPad Prism5 software. Results: The expression of RUNX1 in NPs tissue was significantly higher than that in inferior turbinates, and the difference was statistically significant (0.274±0.042 vs 0.110±0.027, t=9.675, P<0.05). Compared with the inferior turbinates, BAX and Caspase-3 expressions were increased whereas BCL-2 was decreased in NPs, and the differences were statistically significant (BAX 0.346±0.032 vs 0.302±0.037, Caspase-3 0.228±0.061 vs 0.158±0.065, BCL-2 0.090±0.047 vs 0.276±0.057, t value was 2.680, 2.361 and 7.575, respectively, all P<0.05). The expression levels of RUNX1 and apoptosis in pHNECs increased in a time-dependent manner after TNF-α exposure (P<0.05). Plasmid of sh-RUNX1-6 transfected silenced the expression of RUNX1 in pHNECs treated by TNF-α. After silencing RUNX1 in pHNECs apoptosis model, the protein levels of BAX and Caspase-3 were decreased, while the expression of BCL-2 was increased, the rate of apoptosis was decreased (P<0.05). Conclusions: RUNX1 is increased in NPs. Silencing RUNX1 can inhibit the apoptosis and reduce cell inflammatory damage of pHNECs induced by TNF-α.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Epithelial Cells , Nasal Polyps , Turbinates
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1059-1064, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the stability of anterior chamber following implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c implantation for one year in moderate and high myopic eyes.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Medical data of 19 patients (37 eyes) who received ICL V4c implantation in Xuzhou First People's Hospital from March 2016 to October 2017 were collected.The patients were 20 to 29 years old, with the preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of -5.875 to -15.750 D, with an average of (-9.743±3.220)D.All eyes were followed up for one year, and the changes of visual acuity, SE and intraocular pressure were observed.Pentacam anterior eye segment analyzer was used to measure the anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) before operation and at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation, and to evaluate the vaults of the ICL V4c at different time points after implantation.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xuzhou First People's Hospital (No.xxy11[2015]-XJS-004). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:There were statistically significant differences in visual acuity between before and after operation ( F=5.057, P=0.007), and the one-year postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was significantly better than the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before operation ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in SE and intraocular pressure among different time points ( F=1.294, 1.302; both at P>0.05). There were significant differences in ACD, ACV and ACA among different time points ( F=44.811, 889.971, 196.096; all at P<0.001). ACD, ACV and ACA at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were significantly lower than those before operation (all at P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the 1-month, 6-month and 1-year postoperative ICL vault ( F=7.256, P=0.001). The ICL vault at 1 year after operation was (433.784±168.550)μm, which was significantly decreased in comparison with (484.860±183.634)μm at 1 month and (464.351±170.167)μm at 6 months after operation ( P=0.006, 0.041). Conclusions:The anterior chamber is stable in one year after ICL V4c implantation, and the UCVA is better than preoperative BCVA.ICL V4c is safe and effective for moderate and high myopia.

14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 319-323, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827538

ABSTRACT

Phenolic compounds are widely found in natural Chinese medicinal plants and have excellent pharmacological properties, such as antioxidation and anti-inflammation. They are the main pharmacological components of many medicinal Chinese herbs. Oral microbiota, especially its composition and metabolism, is highly related to the balance of oral microecology and plays a key role in the occurrence and development of oral diseases. Recent studies have shown that phenolic compounds of traditional Chinese herbs can prevent and treat oral diseases, such as caries, periodontal disease, and oral mucosal infection, by regulating the composition, metabolites, and virulence of oral microorganisms. This review will summarize and discuss the regulation of phenolic compounds on oral microbes.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phenols , Plants, Medicinal
15.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 431-437, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827518

ABSTRACT

Oral cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the head and neck, and is one of the world's top ten malignancies. Microbial infection is an important risk factor of oral cancer. Candida albicans is the most popular opportunistic fungal pathogen. Epidemiological studies have shown that Candida albicans is closely tied to oral malignancy. Animal experimentation have also proven that infection of Candida albicans can promote the development of oral epithelial carcinogenesis. The current studies have revealed several mechanisms involved in this process, including destroying the epithelial barrier, producing carcinogenic substances (nitrosamines, acetaldehyde), inducing chronic inflammation, activating immune response, etc. However, current researches on mechanisms are still inadequate, and some hypotheses remain controversial. Here, we review the findings related to Candida albicans' effect on the malignant transformation of oral mucosa, hoping to provide reference for deep research and controlling oral cancer clinically.


Subject(s)
Animals , Candida albicans , Carcinogenesis , Mouth Diseases , Mouth Mucosa , Mouth Neoplasms
16.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3126-3130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846348

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents of Dendrobium hercoglossum. Methods: The compounds were isolated and purified by column chromatography and preparative HPLC, and their chemical structures were identified on the basis of spectral analysis. Results: Ten compounds were isolated and identified as 3,4,α-trihydroxy-5,3'-dimethoxybibenzyl (1), 4,α-dihydroxy-3,5,3'- trimethoxybibenzyl (2), 4,5-dihydroxy-3,3',α-trimethoxybibenzyl (3), 4,3'-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybibenzyl (4), 4,4'-dihydroxy- 3,5,3'-trimethoxybibenzyl (5), N-trans-cinnamoyltyramine (6), protocatechuic acid (7), vanillyl alcohol (8), hexadecanoic acid 2,3-dihydroxypropyl ester (9) and syringaresinol (10). Conclusion: Compound 1 is a new compound, named dendhercoine A, compounds 2-10 are isolated from this plant for the first time.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1216-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826856

ABSTRACT

A rapid and simple method to detect tumor markers in liver cancer was established by combining immunochromatography technique with fluorescent microsphere labeling. According to the principle of double antibody sandwich, the cytoskeleton-associated protein 4 (CKAP4) paired antibody was used as the labeled and coated antibody, and the goat anti-rabbit polyclonal antibody was used as the quality control line coated antibody in the preparation of the CKAP4 fluorescent immunochromatographic test strips. After the preparation, the test strips were evaluated on various performance indicators, such as linearity, precision and stability. The CKAP4 immunochromatographic strip prepared by time-resolved fluorescent microspheres had high sensitivity, and good specificity. Its precision was within 15%, recovery between 85% and 115%, and linear range between 25 and 1 000 pg/mL. The test strip could be kept stable at 37 °C for 20 days, and it correlated well with commercial ELISA kits. The CKAP4 fluorescence immunochromatography method can quantitatively detect the content of CKAP4 in serum. Furthermore, it is rapid, sensitive, simple, economical and single-person operation. This method has the potential of becoming a new method for the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antibodies , Metabolism , Chromatography, Affinity , Fluorescence , Liver Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Membrane Proteins , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 116-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore changing trend in prognosis of primary hypopharyngeal carcinoma and to analyze the reasons at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University.@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 461 patients with primary hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University from 2003 to 2007 (Group 1) and 2010 to 2014 (Group 2) according to the inclusion criteria. 142 from Group 1, including 133 males and 9 females, rangedfrom 38 to 82 years old and 319 from Group 2, including 313 males and 6 females, ranged from 39 to 81 years old, were included in this work. The laryngeal function preservation rate, survival outcome, application and effect of pre-and post-operative adjuvant therapy were compared. SPSS 24.0 was used for statistical analyses.@*Results@#There were 62 patients with early disease (T1-2N0) including 18 in Group 1 and 44 in Group 2, in whom 3 (16.7%) underwent surgical procedures with laryngeal function preservation in Group 1, while, 30 (68.2%) underwent laryngeal function preservation surgery in Group 2. The laryngeal function preservation rate showed an obviously upward trend in recent years (χ2=13.617, P<0.001), whereas, the recurrence-free survival rate (RFS) and overall survival rate (OS) showed no significant differences between two groups (P=0.469 and 0.808, respectively). Among the 399 patients with advanced disease, 124 were in Group 1 and 275 in Group 2. After propensity score matching (PSM) was used, the OS rate was significantly higher for Group 2 than Group 1 (P=0.017), while the application of laryngeal function preservation surgery was significantly higher in Group 2 (χ2=4.686, P=0.030). The application rates of preoperative adjuvant therapy and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1 (χ2=5.687, P=0.017; χ2=19.407, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#The application of laryngeal function preserving surgery significantly increases the retention rate of laryngeal functions in patients with early-stage hypopharyngeal carcinoma, with similar long-term survival outcomes. The application of comprehensive treatment including preoperative adjuvant therapy and postoperative adjuvant treatments, especially postoperative chemoradiotherapy, shows an obvious increase in the function preservation rate and long-term survival in patients with advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

19.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 9-9, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793022

ABSTRACT

A novel β-coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused severe and even fetal pneumonia explored in a seafood market of Wuhan city, Hubei province, China, and rapidly spread to other provinces of China and other countries. The 2019-nCoV was different from SARS-CoV, but shared the same host receptor the human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The natural host of 2019-nCoV may be the bat Rhinolophus affinis as 2019-nCoV showed 96.2% of whole-genome identity to BatCoV RaTG13. The person-to-person transmission routes of 2019-nCoV included direct transmission, such as cough, sneeze, droplet inhalation transmission, and contact transmission, such as the contact with oral, nasal, and eye mucous membranes. 2019-nCoV can also be transmitted through the saliva, and the fetal-oral routes may also be a potential person-to-person transmission route. The participants in dental practice expose to tremendous risk of 2019-nCoV infection due to the face-to-face communication and the exposure to saliva, blood, and other body fluids, and the handling of sharp instruments. Dental professionals play great roles in preventing the transmission of 2019-nCoV. Here we recommend the infection control measures during dental practice to block the person-to-person transmission routes in dental clinics and hospitals.

20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 116-124, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787615

ABSTRACT

To explore changing trend in prognosis of primary hypopharyngeal carcinoma and to analyze the reasons at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 461 patients with primary hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated at the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University from 2003 to 2007 (Group 1) and 2010 to 2014 (Group 2) according to the inclusion criteria. 142 from Group 1, including 133 males and 9 females, rangedfrom 38 to 82 years old and 319 from Group 2, including 313 males and 6 females, ranged from 39 to 81 years old, were included in this work. The laryngeal function preservation rate, survival outcome, application and effect of pre-and post-operative adjuvant therapy were compared. SPSS 24.0 was used for statistical analyses. There were 62 patients with early disease (T1-2N0) including 18 in Group 1 and 44 in Group 2, in whom 3 (16.7%) underwent surgical procedures with laryngeal function preservation in Group 1, while, 30 (68.2%) underwent laryngeal function preservation surgery in Group 2. The laryngeal function preservation rate showed an obviously upward trend in recent years (χ(2)=13.617, 0.001), whereas, the recurrence-free survival rate (RFS) and overall survival rate (OS) showed no significant differences between two groups (0.469 and 0.808, respectively). Among the 399 patients with advanced disease, 124 were in Group 1 and 275 in Group 2. After propensity score matching (PSM) was used, the OS rate was significantly higher for Group 2 than Group 1 (0.017), while the application of laryngeal function preservation surgery was significantly higher in Group 2 (χ(2)=4.686, 0.030). The application rates of preoperative adjuvant therapy and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1 (χ(2)=5.687, 0.017; χ(2)=19.407, 0.001). The application of laryngeal function preserving surgery significantly increases the retention rate of laryngeal functions in patients with early-stage hypopharyngeal carcinoma, with similar long-term survival outcomes. The application of comprehensive treatment including preoperative adjuvant therapy and postoperative adjuvant treatments, especially postoperative chemoradiotherapy, shows an obvious increase in the function preservation rate and long-term survival in patients with advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

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