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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 263-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mutational status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGHV) gene with the prognosis of patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM).@*METHODS@#Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) clonotypic sequence analysis was carried out to assess the mutational status of IGHV in the blood and/or bone marrow samples from 44 WM patients. The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ gene was explored.@*RESULTS@#The most common IGHV subgroup was IGHV3, which was similar to the data from the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science. IGHV3-23 (20.45% vs. 15.44%) and IGHV3-74 (11.36% vs. 7.35%) were the main fragments used, which was followed by IGHV4 gene family (15.91% vs. 24.26%). However, no significant correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Should 98% be taken as the cut-off value for the IGHV mutation status, only 5 patients had no IGHV variant, and there was no correlation with the prognosis. Based on the X-tile analysis, 92.6% was re-selected as the cut-off value for the IGHV variant status in such patients. LDH was increased in 26 patients (59.1%) without IGHV variant (P < 0.05), whilst progression-free survival (P < 0.05) and overall survival (P < 0.05) were significantly shorter compared with those with IGHV variants.@*CONCLUSION@#The usage characteristics of IGHV-IGHD-IGHJ in our patients was similar to reported by the Institute of Hematology of Chinese Academy of Medical Science, albeit that no correlation was found between the IGHV4 usage and the prognosis of the patients. Furthermore, 98% may not be appropriate for distinguishing the IGHV variant status in WM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/genetics , Multigene Family , Mutation , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/genetics
2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 460-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015208

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the range of normal female pelvic diameter lines in Tibetan nationality. Methods The subjects were Tibetan nationality female who underwent pelvic CT examination in the Radiology Department from January 2016 to December 2019 at the General Hospital of the Tibet Military Region of PLA. Ninty-six samples between the ages of 22 and 65 years, with an average age (46.06±11.42)years were recruited. Mimics 19.0 software was used to construct the digital three-dimensional model of pelvis, and to measure transverse diameter(TD), obstetric conjugate(OC), interspinous distance(ISD), sagittal midpelvic diameter(SMD), intertuberous distance(ITD), sagittal outlet diameter(SOD),diagonal conjugate diameter(DCD),sacrum length(SL), penal height(PH).Analysis of variance was used to compare different age groups, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between age and pelvic diameter. Results The linear measurement of TD was (132.08±6.15) mm, OC was (112.44±9.43) mm, ISD was (107.30±8.70), SMD was (129.06±7.73) mm, ITD was (123.02±12.08) mm, SOD was (118.80±8.87) mm, DCD was (127.49±9.80) mm, SL was (102.56±10.88) mm and PH was (36.57±4.57) mm.Cluster analysis showed that Lhasa Tibetans were closest to Uygurs. Conclusion The close clustering relationship between Tibetans and Uygurs in Lhasa suggests that there is a possibility of gene exchange between Tibetans and Uygurs in Hotan area in ancient times. The pelvic diameter of Tibetan women in Lhasa has changed significantly. Narrower OC, SL and PH make the pelvis flat, which is more and more detrimental to natural childbirth.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk and location of multiple malignancies in patients with hematologic malignancies who were followed up for 9 years in Jiangsu Province Hospital and to evaluate the impact of the second primary malignancy on survival of patients.@*METHODS@#The incidence and survival of multiple malignancies in 7 921 patients with hematologic malignancies from 2009 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 180 (2.3%, 180/7 921) patients developed second malignancy, of whom 58 patients were diagnosed with hematologic malignancies as the first primary malignancy, and 98 patients developed hematologic malignancies as second primary malignancy, and the other 24 cases were diagnosed with the second malignancy within 6 months after the first primary malignancy was diagnosed, which was difined as multiple malignancies occurring simultaneously. In 180 patients, 18 cases developed two hematologic malignancies successively, and 11 patients developed more than 3 primary cancers (among them, 2 female patients were diagnosed with 4 primary cancers). Patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) as the second primary malignancy had poorer survival than patients with lymphoma and MM as the first primary malignancy. Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia as the second primary malignancy were also associated with inferior overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, 2.3% of hematologic malignancy patients had multiple mali-gnancies, lymphoma and MM as the second primary malignancy had poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , East Asian People , Hematologic Neoplasms/complications , Lymphoma/complications , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 600-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980766

ABSTRACT

After reviewing and evaluating the Discipline History of Acupuncture and Moxibustion in China, the authors concludes that this book has the following characteristics: the scientific research focuses on the combination of internal and external history, and the conclusions are rigorous; the narrative style and structure featured by the division of discipline history of ancient times, modern times and current times are quite characteristic and enlightening; the reference materials are detailed and advanced, which showes profound thoughts and concerns about the difficulties and challenges faced by the development of acupuncture and moxibustion discipline and the internal path selection of acupuncture and moxibustion research. In addition, this book discusses the unique importance of the cultural attribute behind acupuncture and moxibustion technology in the process of theoretical research of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Books , Head
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 650-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010072

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The biological and molecular characteristics of spread through air spaces (STAS), a newly recognized invasive mode of lung cancer, remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathological features and molecular characteristics of STAS in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 694 resected invasive non-mucinous lung adenocarcinomas diagnosed by clinicopathology from July 2019 to March 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were collected, and the relationship between STAS and clinicopathological factors was analyzed. The state of protein expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) was detected by immunohistochemical method. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was detected by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). ROS proto-oncogene 1-receptor (ROS1) was detected by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#A total of 344 STAS positive cases and 350 STAS negative cases were collected. By univariate analysis, STAS positivity was statistically associated with tumor maximum diameter (P<0.001), pleural invasion (P<0.001), lymphovascular invasion (P<0.001), nerve invasion (P=0.013), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), clinical stage (P<0.001) and histological type (P<0.001). There was a statistical correlation between STAS and ALK protein expression (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that STAS positive was correlated with pleural invasion (P=0.001), vascular invasion (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P=0.005)and ALK protein expression (P=0.032).@*CONCLUSIONS@#STAS is associated with highly aggressive biological behavior of lung adenocarcinoma, suggesting a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Prognosis , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1720-1725, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of multiple detection methods based on histopathology and supplemented by bone marrow or peripheral blood sample detections in the comprehensive diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical, immunophenotypic, pathologic, cytogenetic and molecular features of 153 newly diagnosed MCL patients admitted to the hematology department of our hospital from May 2009 to September 2022 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#144 (96.6%) of the 149 MCL patients who underwent marrow or peripheral blood IGH/CCND1 FISH detection at initial diagnosis were positive, of which 36 cases (24.2%) had a low proportion positive. The immunophenotypes in 115 patients were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM), 89 cases (77.4%) conformed to MCL while 23 cases (20.0%) were initially diagnosed as B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (B-LPD). Of the 75 cases who performed bone marrow biopsy, 50 cases (66.7%) had morphological and immunophenotypic characteristics consistent with MCL, 15 cases (20.0%) were classified as B-LPD, and 10 cases with no obvious abnormality. 77 patients underwent histopathology examination, of which 73 cases (94.8%) had typical clinicopathological features of MCL, including 2 CCND1 negative MCL, 2 pleomorphic variants, 5 pleomorphic variants and 4 cases diagnosed as other leukemia or lymphoma. Among 153 cases of MCL, 128 cases were classic MCL(cMCL), and another 25 cases (16.3%) were diagnosed as leukemic non-lymph node MCL (lnnMCL). The incidence of IGHV mutation, TP53 mutation and CD23 expression positive were significantly different between cMCL and lnnMCL.@*CONCLUSION@#Histopathology is still the main standard for the diagnosis of cMCL, and detection based on bone marrow or peripheral blood samples is an important means for the diagnosis of lnnMCL. Single marker or examination can cause a certain proportion of misdiagnosis. The accurate diagnosis of MCL depends on a combination of multiple detection methods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/genetics , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leukemia/pathology , Mutation , Immunophenotyping
7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1287-1291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of supportive-expressive therapy (SET) on fear of progression and resilience in lymphoma patients, to provide reference for clinical nursing care.Methods:A total of 86 patients with lymphoma treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from February 2019 to September 2020 were divided into experimental group and control group according to random number table method, with 43 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional nursing, while the experimental group was applied with 6 times SET. Before and after intervention, the Fear of Progression Questionnaire-Short Form (FoP-Q-SF) and Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) was evaluated between two groups.Results:Finally, 40 cases were included in the experimental group and 42 cases in the control group. There was no significant difference between each dimension and total score of the two groups before intervention ( P>0.05). After intervention, scores of physiological health dimension, social and family dimension, and total FoP-Q-SF were (14.90 ± 3.96) points, (15.03 ± 4.29) points and (29.93 ± 5.65) points in the experimental group, significantly lower than those in the control group (17.71 ± 3.38) points, (17.29 ± 4.03) points and (35.00 ± 5.57) points ( t=3.47, 2.46, 4.10, all P<0.05); scores of tenacity, strength, optimism dimension and total CD-RISC were (28.08 ± 4.47) points, (21.30 ± 5.58) points, (10.65 ± 2.97) points and (60.03 ± 8.42) points in the experimental group, significantly higher than those in the control group (24.31 ± 4.11) points, (17.98 ± 4.13) points, (9.26 ± 2.47) points and (51.55 ± 5.86) points, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.30-5.27, all P<0.05). Conclusions:SET can effectively alleviate the degree of fear of progression and promote resilience of lymphoma patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 15-20, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the association between blood pressure and the risks of diabetes mellitus.Methods:Screening and intervention were conducted from 2015 to 2019 for high-risk subjects of cardiovascular diseases in eight counties of Henan. Information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, and anthropometric measurements were obtained via a questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were collected for blood glucose and serum lipids. The R 3.6.3 software was used to analyze the relationship between blood pressure and diabetes mellitus.Results:The detection rate of diabetes mellitus was 23.5% among 120 040 participants aged 35-75 years. The mean fasting blood glucose level was significantly different among normotensive, prehypertensive, and hypertensive patients. Compared to normotensive patients, prehypertension and hypertension had adjusted ORs of 34%( OR=1.34, 95 CI%: 1.30-1.37) and 85%( OR=1.85, 95 CI%: 1.81-1.89). The corresponding ORs were 1.81(1.77-1.85) in controlled and 2.17(2.06-2.28) in uncontrolled patients. A subgroup analysis showed the same trend, where the risk of diabetes increased with blood pressure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:People with elevated BP may increase their risk of diabetes, while the risk declines when BP is under control. Therefore, targeted measures should be taken to reduce the risk.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 285-294, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929193

ABSTRACT

Anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has shown impressive efficacy in treating B-cell malignancies. A single-center phase I dose-escalation study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of T cells transduced with CBM.CD19 CAR, a second-generation anti-CD19 CAR bearing 4-1BB costimulatory molecule, for the treatment of patients with refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Ten heavily treated patients with refractory DLBCL were given CBM.CD19 CAR-T cell (C-CAR011) treatment. The overall response rate was 20% and 50% at 4 and 12 weeks after the infusion of C-CAR011, respectively, and the disease control rate was 60% at 12 weeks after infusion. Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in all patients. The incidence of cytokine release syndrome in all grades and grade ⩾ 3 was 90% and 0, respectively, which is consistent with the safety profile of axicabtagene ciloleucel and tisagenlecleucel. Neurotoxicity or other dose-limiting toxicities was not observed in any dose cohort of C-CAR011 therapy. Antitumor efficacy was apparent across dose cohorts. Therefore, C-CAR011 is a safe and effective therapeutic option for Chinese patients with refractory DLBCL, and further large-scale clinical trials are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19/adverse effects , China , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 747-751, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of temperament type and mother's emotional state with acute respiratory tract infections in children so as to provide evidence for comprehensive treatment of the infections.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 children aged between 3 and 6 were enrolled in this study from two kindergartens of Guangzhou and Hengyang. The mothers were invited to complete a questionnaire of the children's general information followed by assessment using children's temperament scale and the Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale.@*RESULTS@#The total incidence of acute respiratory infection was significantly higher in children with a hard- to-raise temperament than the easy- to-raise children (P < 0.05); the incidences of acute rhinitis, acute pharyngitis, acute laryngitis and acute bronchitis were all significantly higher in the hard-to-raise children (P < 0.05). A significant positive correlation was identified between the total number of episodes of acute respiratory tract infection in children and their mothers' stress and anxiety levels (P < 0.01). Acute rhinitis and acute tracheitis in the children were both positively correlated with the mothers' stress scores (P < 0.05), while acute pharyngitis and acute laryngitis were positively correlated with the mothers' anxiety scores (P < 0.05), while acute bronchitis was positively correlated with the mothers' stress and anxiety scores (P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis with the factors influencing the types of acute respiratory tract infections in children as the independent variables suggested that the easy-to-raise type of temperament was a protective factor against acute rhinitis in children (P < 0.05), while mothers' anxiety was a risk factor of acute laryngitis in children (P < 0.05); the mothers' stress was a risk factor for acute bronchitis in children (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acute respiratory tract infection in children is closely related to the temperament type of the children and the emotional state of the mothers, which are important therapeutic targets in comprehensive interventions of acute respiratory tract infection in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Bronchitis , Laryngitis , Mothers/psychology , Pharyngitis , Rhinitis , Temperament
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 54-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922155

ABSTRACT

The concept of spread through air spaces (STAS) was first proposed in the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart (version 2015). STAS is defined as the micropapillary clusters, solid nests or single cells of tumor that exist in the air spaces of the surrounding lung parenchyma beyond the edge of the main tumor. Meanwhile, apart from the traditional invasion modes of lung adenocarcinoma (interstitial, visceral pleura and lym-phovascular invasion), STAS has been identified as the fourth invasion mode of lung adenocarcinoma. In recent years, the research on STAS has been a hot spot in the field of lung adenocarcinoma. The existence of STAS is related to lung cancer histopathology, gene mutation and other factors, and many studies have also confirmed that it can be used as an independent factor for tumor recurrence and prognosis. However, according to some studies, human factors can cause morphological artifacts of STAS, which still needs to be distinguished in clinical work. This paper reviews the research progress of STAS classification, related pathological features, genetic status changes, and human factors that may cause STAS artifacts.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1218-1226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014037

ABSTRACT

Aim Human TMPRSS2 is a transmembrane serine protease.In this paper, the structure and func¬tion of the protein were systematically analyzed by bioinformatics, the codon was optimized and the pro- karvotie expression vector was constructed to explore the molecular mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 infecting host cells.Methods The recombinant expression vector pET-22b-TMPRSS2 was generated by molecular clo¬ning technology.The homology, functional sites, sub¬cellular localization, three-dimensional structure and evolutionary characteristics of TMPRSS2 protein were systematically analyzed by using analytical tools such as Protparam, NetPhos3.1, Blast, Clustal X2 and MEGA7.0.Results The prokarvotic expression plas- mid was constructed correctly; TMPRSS2 belongs to medium molecular weight protein, which is composed of 492 amino acid residues.The theoretical isoelectric point is 8.12, the molecular extinction coefficient is 118 145 L • mol~1 • cm"1 , and the half-life is 30 h; TMPRSS2 has 15 potential glycosylation sites and 49 possible phosphorylation sites.It is a transmembrane hydrophilie protein without signal sequenee.In addi¬tion, the protein has 13 potential B-cell epitopes and 7 T-eell epitopes.Seeondarv structure analysis showed that random coil accounted for the highest proportion of TMPRSS2 protein ( 0.453 3) , followed by extended strand (0.252 0).Sequence comparison and evolu¬tionary analysis showed that the highest sequence con¬sistency and closest genetic relationship with human TMPRSS2 was Pan troglodytes, followed by gorilla.Conclusions Human-derived TMPRSS2 protein is ev- olutionarilv conserved and functionally important.Hie results of this study can help to reveal the structure and mechanism of action of TMPRSS2 protein, provide ide¬as for the diagnosis and treatment of COYID-19, and accelerate the research and development process of new drugs targeting TMPRSS2 protein.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3653-3659, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964334

ABSTRACT

To investigate the metabolites of a new synthetic cannabinoid 3,3-dimethyl-2-[1-(4-cyanobutyl)indazole-3-formamimino]methyl butyrate (4CN-MDMB-BUTINACA) in vitro, a human liver microsome incubation model was established to analyze the metabolic biotransformation of synthetic cannabinoids using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole-orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry. Nontarget metabolomic results showed that the metabolites of 4CN-MDMB-BUTINACA included hydroxylation, ester hydrolysis, ester hydrolysis with hydroxylation reaction, pentane oxidation and ester hydrolysis with pentane oxidation reaction, among which M1-a, M2 and M4 were potential metabolic markers. The research results provide a theoretical basis and technical support for the biomonitoring and metabolic characterisation of the cannabinoid 4CN-MDMB-BUTINACA.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2425-2431, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on fear of hypoglycemia and self-management behavior of patients with steroid diabetes mellitus.Methods:A total of 76 patients with steroid diabetes mellitus from August 2018 to October 2019 in the First Affilated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were selected and divided into experimental group and control group according to the admission time, and each group contained 38 cases. The control group recieved routine therapy and nursing care, on the basis of this, the experimental group was given cognitive-behavioral therapy for 8 weeks. Before and after 8 weeks of intervention, the effects were assessed by Chinese version Hypoglycemia Fear Surgey-Worry Scale(CHFSⅡ-WS) and Sumary of Diabetes Self Care Activities (SDSCA), respectively.Results:There was no significant difference in the score of CHFS Ⅱ-WS, SDSCA before intervention between the two groups( P>0.05). After 8 weeks of intervention, the scores of worry & fear and total CHFS Ⅱ-WS scores were (6.61±1.66), (8.75±1.73) points in the experimental group and (7.60±1.44), (9.69±1.77) points in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 2.678, 2.247, P<0.05); in addition, the scores of diet, exercise, blood sugar testing, medications in SDSCA were (20.36±1.91), (11.86±2.27), (7.19±1.56), (6.86±0.99) points in the experimental group, and (18.51±1.50), (9.89±2.29), (5.71±1.45), (5.31±1.18) points in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were 3.644-5.983, P<0.05). Conclusions:Cognitive-behavioral therapy can effectively alliviate fear of hypoglycemia and promote self-management behavior of steroid diabetes mellitus patients.

15.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 141-143, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882253

ABSTRACT

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an oncologic disease with clonal proliferation of lymphocytes. In recent years, great advances have been made in the basic and clinical research of CLL. The 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in 2020 presented a detailed report on the latest advance in basic research on these diseases, providing a deeper understanding of how CLL occurs and develops, and playing a guidance role in the clinical treatment.

16.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 71-73, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882242

ABSTRACT

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a relatively common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in China. PTCL is clinically highly aggressive, and it progresses rapidly. The current treatment methods are ineffective and the overall prognosis is poor. The 62nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting reported on the progress of PTCL molecular targeted therapy and immunotherapy, including programmed death receptor 1/programmed death receptor ligand 1 antibodies, JAK inhibitors, brentuximab vedotin, etc. These novel drugs bring a better prospect for patients.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 652-656, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014413

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of hesperidin (HSD) on the injury of mouse pancreatic beta cells induced by high glucose and fatty acid and the underlying mechanism. Methods MIN6 cells were treated with high glucose and fatty acid after pretreatment of HSD. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining were used to determine the proliferation and apoptosis of MIN6 cells. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bax. RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). ELISA was used to test the insulin secretion of pancreatic islets. Results High glucose and fatty acid decreased the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, increased the expression of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1β and inhibited the insulin secretion of mouse pancreatic islets. After pretreatment of HSD, the cell viability and Bcl-2/Bax ratio of MIN6 increased, the expressions of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1β decreased, and the insulin secretion of mouse pancreatic islets increased. Conclusions HSD could resist the apoptosis of mouse pancreatic islet B cell line MIN6 induced by high fat and high glucose, reduce the secretion of inflammatory factors and improve the insulin secretion of pancreatic islets.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1189-1196, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognosis prediction value of PET/CT in DLBCL patients treated with CAR-T therapy.@*METHODS@#The effects of PET/CT were retrospectively explored on 13 R/R DLBCL patients who were treated with CAR-T therapy. Parameters reflecting tumor metabolic burden, such as metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured before and after CAR-T treatment.@*RESULTS@#Patients with larger baseline MTV or longer sum of longest diameters showed shorter overall survival (OS) time than those with low tumor burden. Patients achieved complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) and minor remission (MR) determined by response evaluation criteria in lymphoma (RECIL) in 12 weeks showed progression-free survival and OS time superior to those of patients with no remission. In addition, it was found that 2 patients with residual masses classified as PR by contrast-enhanced CT of patients were evaluated as complete metabolic response by PET/CT imaging.@*CONCLUSION@#PET/CT shows a great value in the evaluation of prognosis and response in CAR-T-treated R/R DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-78, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872987

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of bergapten on the apoptosis of HepG2 and Hep3B cells through phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt) pathway. Method::Bergamot (5, 50, 200 μmol·L-1) groups and blank group were set up. The effect of bergapten at different concentrations on proliferation of HepG2 and Hep3B cells for 24, 48 h were detected by thiazolyl blue(MTT) assay. Apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide double staining. Quantitative real-time fluorescence reverse transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot assay were used to detect relevant mRNA and proteins expressions. The clone formation rate and the effect of HepG2 and Hep3B cells in each group were evaluated by plate cell clone formation. Result::MTT assay showed that bergapten could significantly inhibit the proliferation activity of HepG2 and Hep3B cells in a time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis showed that bergapten in 200 μmol·L-1 concentration groups had significant pro-apoptotic effect on HepG2 and Hep3B cells after 48 h (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that bergamolactone could up-regulate the protein expressions of Caspase-3, Caspase-8 (P<0.05), and down-regulate protein expressions of B-lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), PI3K (P<0.05). Real-time PCR results showed that mRNA expressions of PI3K and Akt were decreased(P<0.05). The results of plate cell clone formation experiment showed that with the increase of the concentration of bergamolide, the cell clone formation rate of each group showed a decreasing trend, particularly in 200 μmol·L-1 concentration group (P<0.05). Conclusion::Bergapten can inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 and Hep3B cells, which may be induced through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2079-2083, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of adult Langerhans cell histiocytosis(LCH) patients and to analyze the influencing factors of its prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory charac-teristics of 38 adult LCH patients treated in our hospital from January 2010 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed, and the clinical prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 38 patients was 41 (21-65) years old, and the ratio of male and female was about 2∶1. Among 38 patients, 44.7% (17/38) were involved in multiple systems, and 31.6% (12/38) were involved in high-risk organs (including liver, lung, hematopoietic system or spleen). The bone involvement was the most common (21/38, 55.3%), and the most common clinical symptom was pain (19/38, 50.0%). The result of laboratory showed that anemia (4/38,10.5%), thrombocytopenia (1/38,2.6%), neutropenia (2/38,5.3%), lymphopenia (6/38,15.8%), monocytosis (11/38,28.9%), C-reactive protein increasing (6/21,28.6%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate increasing (10/18, 55.3%), and ferritin protein increasing (9/17, 55.3%). The median follow-up time was 53 months, and a total of 5 patients were died. The 10-year overall survival rate of patients with single-system involvement was 100%, which was significantly higher than that of patients with multiple-system involvement (70.1%) (P=0.0078). The prognosis of patients without risk-organ involvement was better than that of patients with risk-organ involvement (10-year overall survival rate: 100% vs 60.6%) (P=0.0007). Further analysis showed that in addition to multiple-system involvement and risk-organ involvement, the increase of peripheral blood monocyte cells and the increase of ferritin protein were also associated with poorer prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The multiple system involve-ment and risk-organ involvement, the increasing of monocyte cells and the increasing of ferritin protein were the independent risk factors of adult LCH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Laboratories , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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