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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 312-318, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007246

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the role and possible mechanism of action of rhubarb decoction (RD) retention enema in improving inflammatory damage of brain tissue in a rat model of mild hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). MethodsA total of 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into blank group (CON group with 6 rats) and chronic liver cirrhosis modeling group with 54 rats using the complete randomization method. After 12 weeks, 40 rats with successful modeling which were confirmed to meet the requirements for MHE model by the Morris water maze test were randomly divided into model group (MOD group), lactulose group (LT group), low-dose RD group (RD1 group), middle-dose RD group (RD2 group), and high-dose RD group (RD3 group), with 8 rats in each group. The rats in the CON group and the MOD group were given retention enema with 2 mL of normal saline once a day; the rats in the LT group were given retention enema with 2 mL of lactulose at a dose of 22.5% once a day; the rats in the RD1, RD2, and RD3 groups were given retention enema with 2 mL RD at a dose of 2.5, 5.0, and 7.5 g/kg, respectively, once a day. After 10 days of treatment, the Morris water maze test was performed to analyze the spatial learning and memory abilities of rats. The rats were analyzed from the following aspects: behavioral status; the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and the level of blood ammonia; pathological changes of liver tissue and brain tissue; the mRNA and protein expression levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in brain tissue. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the MOD group, the RD1, RD2, and RD3 groups had a significantly shorter escape latency (all P<0.01), significant reductions in the levels of ALT, AST, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and blood ammonia (all P<0.05), significant alleviation of the degeneration, necrosis, and inflammation of hepatocytes and brain cells, and significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of PI3K, AKT, and mTOR in brain tissue (all P<0.05), and the RD3 group had a better treatment outcome than the RD1 and RD2 groups. ConclusionRetention enema with RD can improve cognitive function and inflammatory damage of brain tissue in MHE rats, possibly by regulating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 465-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995001

ABSTRACT

The paper reported a patient under maintained hemodialysis for 11 years, with a large mass appeared in the right thigh after local injury. The mass was clinically considered as tumoral calcinosis combined with clinical, imaging and pathological findings. Several treatments such as enhancing dialysis adequacy, low calcium dialysate, calcimimetic agent, non-calcium- phosphorus binding agents, parathyroidectomy and intravenous infusion of sodium thiosulfate could not vanish the mass. Finally, the lump was surgically removed. The treatment of tumoral calcinosis in the hemodialysis patient can provide a instruction for similar situations in clinical practice.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 62-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959048

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occupational lead exposure and blood lead levels of workers in a lead-acid battery factory in Wuhan in 2020 and analyze the influencing factors of blood lead, and to provide reference for the blood lead intervention of the workers in the lead-acid battery factory. Methods The blood lead test results of 320 occupational lead-exposed workers in the factory were investigated and the influencing factors were analyzed. Results Among the 320 blood lead samples collected, 4 people had blood lead≥400 μg/L, accounting for 1.25%, and 89 people had blood lead≥200 μg/L, accounting for 27.81%. Among them, there were 235 males with a median blood lead of 155.10 μg/L, and 85 females with a median blood lead of 82.40 μg/L. The Wilcoxon rank sum test results of two independent samples showed that the overall blood lead level of male employees was higher than that of female employees, and the difference was statistically significant (P 50 years old. Using the Bonferroni method to adjust the significance level for pairwise comparison, it was found that there were significant differences in the blood lead concentrations between the group under 40 years old, the group of 40 - 50 years old, and the group of over 50 years old ( P < 0.016 after adjustment). The employees were classified into different workshops, including 38 samples from the administrative workshop , 40 samples from the charging workshop, and 242 samples from the assembly workshop. Using the Bonferroni method to adjust the significance level for pairwise comparison, it was found that the blood lead concentrations in the administrative workshop, the charging workshop, and the assembly workshop were statistically different ( P <0.016 after adjustment). Conclusion The age, gender, and type of work of the employees in the battery factory all have a certain impact on the blood lead level. It is necessary to continuously improve the management of the labor hygiene operation system and strengthen the self-protection level of the workers, and regularly carry out occupational hygiene inspection and health monitoring.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 400-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of lenalidomide combined with bortezomib and dexamethasone (RVd) regimen in treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients and its effect on the levels of regulatory T cells (Treg cells) and natural killer (NK) cells.Methods:Thirty-eight NDMM patients who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College from September 2019 to May 2022 were selected for a prospective study, and were divided into control group (18 cases) and observation group (20 cases) according to random number table method. The control group was treated with bortezomib+epirubicin+dexamethasone (VAd) regimen, and the observation group was treated with RVd regimen. The efficacy and safety were compared between the two groups. The levels of Treg cells (CD4 + CD25 + FOXP3 +) and NK cells (CD3 - CD56 + CD16 +) before and after treatment in the two groups were detected by flow cytometry, and the results were compared. Results:After 4 courses of treatment, the objective response rate (ORR) of the observation group was 95.0% (19/20), which was higher than that of the control group [77.8% (14/18)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.016). Before treatment, there was no statistical difference in the levels of Treg cells and NK cells between the two groups ( P values were 0.381 and 0.650). After treatment, the level of Treg cells in the control group increased from (1.5±0.5)% before treatment to (4.7±1.3)% ( P = 0.008), while the level of Treg cells in the observation group increased from (1.4±0.5)% before treatment to (6.8±1.5)% ( P = 0.001), and the level in the observation group was higher than that in the control group ( P = 0.027); the level of NK cells in the control group increased from (16±6)% before treatment to (20±5)% ( P = 0.004), while the level of NK cells in the observation group increased from (16±6)% before treatment to (24±6)% ( P = 0.006), and the level in the observation group was higher than that in the control group ( P = 0.032). The incidence rates of thrombocytopenia and neutropenia in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P values were 0.012 and 0.027), which was reversible after active treatment. There was no statistical difference in the incidence rates of other adverse reactions (all P>0.05). Conclusions:RVd regimen for NDMM is clinically effective, safe and reliable, and the patients' levels of Treg cells and NK cells elevate after treatment.

5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 698-706, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Long-term hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection can cause recurrent inflammation in the liver, and then develop into liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. The hepatic pathological change is one of the important criteria for guiding antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Due to the limitations of liver biopsy, it is necessary to find valuable non-invasive indicators to evaluate the hepatic pathological changes in CHB patients and guide the antiviral therapy. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics of different pathological changes in CHB patients, and to explore the factors influnencing the degree of liver inflammation and fibrosis in CHB patients with normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT).@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was conducted on 310 CHB patients. Liver biopsy was performed in all these patients. The clinical data of the patients were collected. The liver biopsy pathological results were used as the gold standard to analyze the relationship between clinical indicators and liver pathological changes. Then CHB patients with normal ALT were screened, and the independent factors influencing the degree of liver inflammation and fibrosis were explored.@*RESULTS@#Among the 310 patients with CHB, there were 249 (80.3%) patients with significant liver inflammation [liver inflammation grade (G) ≥2] and 119 (38.4%) patients with significant liver fibrosis [liver fibrosis stage (S) ≥2]. The results of univariate analysis of total samples showed that the ALT, γ-glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, and HBV DNA were related to the significant liver pathological changes. Among the 132 CHB patients with normal ALT, the patients with liver pathology G/S≥2, G≥2, and S≥2 were 80.3% (106/132), 68.2% (90/132), and 43.2% (57/132), respectively. The results showed that the independent influencing factor of significant liver inflammation was HBV DNA>2 000 U/mL (OR=3.592, 95% CI 1.534 to 8.409), and the independent influencing factors of significant liver fibrosis were elevated alkaline phosphatase level (OR=1.022, 95% CI 1.002 to 1.043), decreased platelet count (OR=0.990, 95% CI 0.982 to 0.998), and positive in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) (OR=14.845, 95% CI 4.898 to 44.995). According to the multivariate analysis, a diagnostic model for significant liver fibrosis in CHB patients with normal ALT was established, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.844 (95% CI 0.779 to 0.910).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The liver pathological changes should be evaluated in combination with different clinical indicators. A considerable number of CHB patients with normal ALT still have significant liver pathological changes, which need to be identified and treated with antiviral therapy in time. Among them, HBV DNA>2 000 U/mL suggests the significant liver inflammation, and the diagnostic model for significant liver fibrosis based on alkaline phosphatase, platelet count, and HBeAg can help to evaluate the degree of liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Hepatitis B e Antigens/therapeutic use , Alkaline Phosphatase , DNA, Viral , Retrospective Studies , Fibrosis , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Alanine Transaminase
6.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 152-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973381

ABSTRACT

Objective To realize the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of foodborne illness in Shiyan in 2019 and provide targeted measures for the prevention and control work of the foodborne illness. Methods The active surveillance data of foodborne illness in shiyan in 2019 were collected and analyzed. The Salmonella strains isolated from the patients with foodborne illness were tested with serotyping,PFGE molecular classification and drug sensitivity test respectively according to《National foodborne illness surveillance workbook 2019》. Result A total of 3 191 cases of foodborne illness were analyzed. The pre-school children were the highest-risk group of foodborne diseases. Grain and grain product was the main suspicious contaminated food.The main location of eating place was family. A total of 330 samples were tested. The positive detection rate of foodborne illness was 20.30%(73/330).The main pathogen were Rotavirus and Salmonella,and the detection rates were 11.21%(37/330) and 4.85%(16/330) respectively. The pre-school children were the group with the highest detection rate, which was 57.27% (63/110). The dominant serotype of the 14 Salmonella strains isolated from patients were Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella enteritis. 14 different genotypes were obtained through PFGE classification and clustering. 64.29% (9/14) of Salmonella strains were multidrug-resistant strains. The drug resistance rates of ampicillin and tetracycline were the highest, which were 71.43%(11/14)and 64.29%(10/14)respectively. Conclusions The publicity and education of food safety should be strengthened and the surveillance network system of food-borne disease should be further improved according to the epidemiological and pathogenic characteristics of foodborne illness in Shiyan in 2019, and the use of clinical antibiotics should be controlled reasonably as well.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2569-2580, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999030

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is an important physiological process that can degrade cell components and maintain cell homeostasis, divided into three types including macroautophagy, microautophagy and chaperon-mediated autophagy generally, and macroautophagy is the most common form. Autophagy can affect the progression of a variety of diseases, such as cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, heart-related diseases, and autoimmune diseases, etc. However, autophagy can promote or inhibit diseases in different circumstances because of the dual roles of autophagy. Therefore, targeted regulating autophagy may be a potential treatment plan for diseases in specific stages of disease development. Now, with the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) resources and the deepening of researches on the modern utilization of TCM, many active compounds from TCM have been discovered that can target autophagy to exert pharmacological activity. Most of the natural compounds activate or inhibit autophagy by affecting the classical PI3K/AKT/mTOR autophagy pathway. In addition, some compounds can also affect autophagy through MAPKs signaling pathways such as MEK/ERK, JNK and p38MAPK. These active compounds exert various biological activities by regulating autophagy, including anti-tumor, inhibiting neurodegenerative diseases, protecting cardiomyocytes, and relief of inflammatory response. In this review, we summarized the active compounds in TCM that affect autophagy by targeting different signaling pathways and their mechanisms of regulating autophagy, also introduced the effects of active compounds on diseases after affecting autophagy. Finally, this paper summarized and prospected the development of targeted autophagy for the treatment of diseases by TCM compounds, hoping to provide clues for subsequent exploration and research.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2671-2681, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941504

ABSTRACT

The carbamoyl phosphate synthase 1 (CPS1) enzyme is involved in the first phase of the urea cycle, providing a prerequisite molecule for pyrimidine synthesis, as well as promoting tumor cell proliferation and growth. Studies have found that CPS1 is highly expressed in a variety of tumors, including colorectal cancer, lung cancer, etc. and its overexpression is related to the poor prognosis of tumors. Thus, small molecules targeted to inhibit the function of CPS1 in tumors may provide therapeutic benefits for cancer patients who overexpress CPS1. In this study, the function of CPS1 was investigated in vitro, and we found that overexpression of CPS1 can enhance the migration ability of colorectal cancer cells HCT15. Here, based upon the existing crystal structure, combined with high-throughput virtual screening, we obtained 8 candidate small molecule compounds. In vitro activity evaluation, we found that compound 3 has good anti-HCT15, HCT116 cell proliferation activity (HCT15, IC50, 7.69 ± 1.10 μmol‧L-1, HCT116, IC50, 13.53 ± 0.46 μmol‧L-1). Subsequently, molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis showed that, compound 3 could target and inhibit the activity of CPS1. In vitro studies showed that compound 3 could inhibit the migration of HCT15 cells, as well as induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Taken together, this study found that compound 3 is a potential small molecule inhibitor that targets CPS1, which provides the experimental basis and theoretical basis for the development of targeted intervention small molecule therapeutic drugs. Based upon the chemical structure of compound 3, we will shed new light on further optimizing its activity and therapeutic potential, which may provide a therapeutic benefit to the patients with CPS1-related tumors.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 194-201, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is the most common type of liver failure in China, with a high mortality. Early rapid reduction of HBV-DNA load can improve the survival rate of HBV-ACLF patients. At present, the commonly used drugs are nucleoside (acid) analogues, such as entecavir (ETV), tenofovir, and so on. The newly listed tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) has attracted great attention of clinicians because of its stronger antiviral effect, higher transaminase normalization rate, better bone and kidney safety, and zero drug resistance. However, there are few clinical research data on the efficacy and safety of TAF in the treatment of Chinese HBV-ACLF patients, and there is a lack of pharmacoeconomic evaluation. This study aims to compare the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness between TAF and ETV in patients with HBV-ACLF.@*METHODS@#The data were collected from 196 HBV-ACLF patients (80 patients in the TAF group and 116 patients in the ETV group) who were hospitalized in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from May 2020 to March 2021. Biochemistry and virology were detected before and after treatment (at baseline, Week 2, 4, and 12). Clinical features, disease prognosis, and cost-effectiveness were compared between the 2 groups. According to the baseline, HBV-ACLF patients were divided into 4 stages including pre-liver failure stage, early stage, medium stage, and end stage. And the liver transplantation rate and mortality was also compared. Pharmacoeconomic evaluation was taken using cost-effectiveness analysis and cost minimization analysis..@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of treatment, there were no significant differences in the efficacy (liver function, viral load) between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The TAF group showed lower creatinine [(80.35±18.77) μmol/L vs (105.59±82.32) μmol/L, P<0.05] and higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels [(95.65±23.21) mL/(min·1.73 m2) vs (82.68±26.32) mL/(min·1.73 m2), P<0.05] than the ETV group. After 12 weeks of treatment, the analysis of overall the liver transplantation rate and mortality between the 2 groups showed similar conclusion. However, the TAF group had a lower the liver transplantation rate and mortality than the ETV group in patients with pre-liver failure (0vs13.89%, P<0.05). No evident distinction was found in the liver transplantation rate and mortality during the early, medium, or end stages of liver failure (13.04% vs 17.65%, 37.50% vs 37.04%, and 54.55% vs 68.42%, respectively). Ratio of cost to effectiveness in the ETV group was higher than that in the TAF group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAF is not more efficient than ETV group in improving liver function and reducing viral load for HBV-ACLF patients and they also show similar safety. However, TAF has a greater advantage over ETV not only in preserving renal function, but also in reducing the liver transplantation rate and mortality in patients with pre-liver failure. TAF can provide economic benefit to patients with HBV-ACLF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/drug therapy , Alanine/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Tenofovir/analogs & derivatives , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 536-541, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909812

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical features of pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) patients treated in 10 years, so as to provide evidence to improve current diagnosis and corresponding treatment strategies of PLA.Methods:The clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory and imaging findings, etiology and different treatments as well as corresponding efficacy and prognosis of PLA patients treated in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University during January 2010 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The chi-square was used to evaluate the differences of the categorical variables.Results:A total of 528 PLA cases were included in this study.Diabetes mellitus (46.8%, 247/528), biliary tract diseases (34.7%, 183/528) and previous hepatobiliary surgery history (19.7%, 104/528) were three most common risk factors leading to PLA. Fever (80.9%, 427/528), loss of appetite (53.6%, 283/528) and abdominal pain (51.9%, 274/528) were most common clinical manifestations. The accuracies of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were 95.5%(472/494), 97.0%(384/396), and 96.8%(92/95), respectively. The positive rate of pus culture (70.9%, 168/237) was higher than that of blood culture (20.0%, 42/210), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=115.746, P<0.01). The top three most common bacteria were Klebsiella pneumoniae (122 strains), Escherichia coli (29 strains) and Enterococcus faecium (10 strains). The drug resistance rate of Klebsiella pneumoniae to ampicillin was as high as 97.4%(112/115). The treatment programs included 200 cases of sole antibiotic treatments. Based on the antibiotic treatment, imaging guided percutaneous puncture therapy was the most commonly used treatment (45.6%, 241/528), included imaging guided percutaneous puncture and drainage (29.0%, 153/528) and imaging guided percutaneous catheterization (16.7%, 88/528). The surgical treatments included surgical catheter drainage (5.5%, 29/528) and surgical hepatectomy(11.0%, 58/528). The total number of cured cases was 495, and the cure rate was 93.8%. Conclusions:The common clinical manifestations of PLA are fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain. Ultrasound is a routine and effective method to detect liver abscess. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the most common pathogen. Imaging guided percutaneous puncture is the most common treatment.

11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 51-54, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862729

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the detection effects of Legionella pneumophila in water samples from public places by the Legiolert enzyme-substrate method and the conventional cultivation. Methods The Legiolert enzyme-substrate method and the conventional cultivation method were used to detect Legionella pneumophila in cooling water and shower water samples collected in public places. Isolated strains were verified and serotyped. Results A total of 68 samples were collected and tested. The positive rate of the conventional cultivation and the Legiolert enzyme-substrate method were 5.88%(4/68)and 35.29%(24/68), respectively, with a significant difference (χ2=16.41,P2=16.41,P=0.000). A total of 25 strains of Legionella pneumophila were isolated,and the serum types were mainly LP1(14/25). Conclusion The Legiolert enzyme-substrate method represente a higher detection rate of Legionella pneumophila in water samples from public places than the conventional cultivation.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1369-1383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887095

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation pathway, and plays a crucial role in cellular homeostasis, development, immunity, tumor suppression, metabolism, prevention of neurodegeneration, and lifespan extension. Thus, pharmacological stimulation of autophagy may be an effective approach for preventing or treating certain human diseases and/or aging. Here, combined with allosteric site identification methods, high-throughput virtual screening, and in vitro activity evaluation, we found that compound 10 can activate autophagy and has good anti-MDA-MB-231 cell proliferation activity (the half maximal inhibitory concentration IC50 = 8.25 ± 1.53 μmol·L-1). Subsequently, molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and immunoblotting assay demonstrate that compound 10 can target and activate beclin-1. In vitro studies have shown that compound 10 can induce autophagy-associated cell death in MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, it was found that compound 10 can induce apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. Taken together, we identified the candidate compound 10 as an effective and selective targeting beclin-1 to activate autophagy as a lead compound, which provide a reference for further development and optimization of small molecule drugs targeting beclin-1 to activate autophagy for clinical treatment.

13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 47-52, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880621

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#A variety of causes can lead to cholestasis, however, cholestasis caused by Graves' disease is usually overlooked clinically. Here we analyze the clinical characteristics of Graves' disease associated cholestasis so as to have a better understanding for the disease.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected 13 inpatients' data who suffered from the Graves' disease associated cholestasis in the Department of Infectious Disease of Xiangya Hospital from January 2000 to December 2018. The characteristics of the patients' age, gender, liver function, thyroid function, coagulation function, the special cardiac examination, treatment, and follow-up data were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen patients, including 10 males and 3 females with the age range from 33 to 55 (median 43) years old presented cholestasis, pruritus, and hypermetabolic symptoms. The levels of total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), glutamic-pyruvic transferase, glutamic-oxaloacetic transferase, alkaline phosphosphatase, and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase were 170.4-976.7 (median 388.8) µmol/L, 93.2-418.1 (median 199.2) µmol/L, 25.1-182.1 (median 106.4) U/L, 38.2-265.7 (median 59.7) U/L, 105.3-332.0 (median 184.5) U/L, and 20.7-345.1 (median 47.6) U/L, respectively. The levels of free triiodothyronine (FT@*CONCLUSIONS@#Graves' disease can cause cholestasis, with the low incidence. The symptoms of cholestasis can be improved or even eradicated with the cure of the Graves' disease. The cholestasis may be idiopathic. For patients with cholestasis and hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease should be considered for differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholestasis/etiology , Graves Disease/complications , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 271-277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878731

ABSTRACT

With the upsurge of medical artificial intelligence,the use of computer vision technology to study medical images,which can effectively help doctors to identify and screen diseases,has become a focus of researchers.This paper summarizes the basic situation,specific information,related research,and data sharing and utilizing ways of foreign breast image datasets.This review provides inspirations for the opening of Chinese medical and health data.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Breast/diagnostic imaging
15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 943-945, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911817

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a severe autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. NMOSD complicated with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is rare. This paper reports a case of NMOSD who was misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis for many years, and then developed thrombocytopenia. ITP was diagnosed by perfect examination. After immunosuppression and thrombopoiesis therapy, the platelets returned to normal. The review of the case and literatures can help to improve the understanding of this kind of disease, timely diagnose and treat patients, and avoid serious complications.

16.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 113-117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015501

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between clinical outcomes and embryo transfer number, and to provide some proposals for transfer selection of elderly patients. Methods Data from 80 fresh transfer cycles with cleavage-stage embryos were analyzed. Cycles were divided into several groups according to transfer number. Clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, multiple pregnancy rate and live birth rate were compared. Results To women no younger than 38 years old, when available embryo number was larger than two, similar clinical outcomes could be achieved by transferring two and three embryos. This trend was independent of the number of transferred 8-cell embryos. Conclusion The number of fresh cleavage-stage embryos transfer should not exceed two in elderly women.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 114-118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014301

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of EGCG on xenografts of ovarian cancer in nude mice and its possible mechanism. Methods Nude mice xenografts of ovarian cancer SK0V3 cells were established and divided into five groups after tumor formation, in which three groups were given EGCG (10, 30, 50 mg • k g-

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1-4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781308

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore susceptibility genes for autism spectrum disorders (ASD).@*METHODS@#Whole-exome sequencing was carried out for 60 family trios affected with sporadic ASD. Genetic variants discovered in over 10% of the patients were selected for genotype-phenotype correlation and pathway enrichment analysis using Phenolyzer software and metascape database. Combining gene-phenotypic scores, pathway-related genes associated with neural and neurite triggering were screened for the candidates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 170 common variants were found to be associated with the ASD phenotype. Among these, there was only one high-confidence gene [SHANK2(0.8146)] and four medium-confidence genes [ERBB2(0.1322), LAMC3(0.1117), PPFIA4(0.1059), DISC1(0.1002)]. Twenty-pathways and four biological processes were found to be statistically significant by pathway enrichment analysis, which included neuron projection morphogenesis (GO: 0048812), regulation of neuroblast proliferation (GO: 1902692), modulation of excitatory postsynaptic potential (GO: 0098815), and dendrite morphogenesis (GO: 0048813). Twenty-one genes were found to be closely associated with neurological and neurite triggering, among which only SHANK2, ERBB2, and DISC1 had above-medium confidence correlation scores with the ASD phenotypes.@*CONCLUSION@#Abnormal neuron projection morphogenesis (GO: 0048812) may be closely related to the occurrence of ASD. SHANK2, ERBB2, and DISC1 are susceptibility genes for ASD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Variation , Phenotype , Synapses , Genetics , Exome Sequencing
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1348-1356, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure and analyze the distribution characteristics of the micro-hardness of the middle-upper thoracic vertebrae (T 1-T 10) in the human body. Methods:T 1-T 10 vertebrae from three fresh cadavers were divided into vertebral body area and attachment area. 3 mm specimens were cut by a high-precision slow saw and 11 regions were selected and measured on each vertebrae by a Vickers microhardness tester (cortical bone: 1-9, cancellous bone: 10-11). The micro-hardness distribution of T 1-T 10 vertebrae was recorded and analyzed. Results:A total of 330 measurement areas from 30 vertebrae were measured, and 1 650 hardness values were collected. The average hardness values of the overall cortical bone of the middle-upper thoracic vertebrae of the 3 cadavers were 30.55±5.44 HV, 29.94±4.86 HV, and 29.55±4.36 HV, respectively. The difference among the groups was statistically significant ( F=4.680, P=0.009). The average hardness values of the overall cancellous bone were 27.93±5.61 HV, 28.21±4.96 HV, 27.98±3.94 HV, respectively. There was no significant difference among the groups ( F=0.091, P=0.913). There were statistically significant differences between the hardness values in the attachment area and vertebral body area of each cadaver ( t=7.467, 4.750, 6.621, P<0.001); the hardness of the cancellous bone in the attachment area of each cadaver was higher than that of the cancellous bone in the vertebral body ( t=1.785, 3.159, 3.103, P=0.077, 0.002, 0.003). The distribution of microhardness in 11 measurement areas of 3 cadavers were similar: the hardness of the cortical bone of pedicle, lamina and inferior endplate cortex (1, 2, 7) were higher; the hardness of the cortical bone of upper endplate and peripheral cortex (6, 8, 9) were lower. The distribution patterns of the microhardness in different vertebral segments of the 3 cadavers were similar: The hardness values gradually increased from T 1 to T 10. The vertebra with the largest hardness of the cortical bone was T 8; and the vertebra with the largest hardness of the cancellous bone were T 7, T 7 and T 6, respectively. Conclusion:The hardness of the upper endplate and peripheral cortex was low, which could disperse the load to protect the fragile cancellous bone. The hardness of the pedicle was the highest. The hardness of the cortical bone was higher than that of the cancellous bone, and the values of different segments gradually increased from top to bottom, which may be related to the physiological and anatomical morphology, and the gradual increase of the load of muscle force and body weight.

20.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 572-576, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867096

ABSTRACT

Most anxiety disorders begin in childhood and adolescence, and early identification is the basis for early intervention.It is found that in addition to the physical, emotional and behavioral manifestations of mental anxiety, motor restlessness and hyperactivity of autonomic nervous system, patients with anxiety disorder also have significant attention bias to threat information and damage to executive functions such as working memory, inhibition and control, and these manifestations occur earlier than symptoms, so as to explore the anxiety disorder in children's cognitive characteristics of adolescence is a research focus in recent years in this field.A comprehensive understanding of the characteristics and related factors of executive function impairment in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders in recent years can provide a reference for early intervention in children and adolescents with anxiety disorders.

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