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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 701-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993877

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the clinicopathological and molecular pathological characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer(CRC)who have mutations in the POLE and POLD1 genes.Methods:In this study, we retrospectively collected data from 276 middle-aged and elderly patients aged 45 years and over who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer at Beijing Hospital between October 2020 and September 2022.We utilized next generation sequencing and bioinformatics analysis to screen for harmful germline and somatic mutations in the POLE and POLD1 genes.The study involved 276 patients, who were divided into three groups based on their genetic mutations.The deleterious mutation group had 6 cases, the mutation of unknown significance group had 18 cases, and the wild type group had 252 cases.We also collected clinical and pathological features of the patients and analyzed their correlation with other molecular pathological results such as tumor mutation burden(TMB), microsatellite instability(MSI), and gene co-mutation.Results:No germline mutations were detected in the POLE and POLD1 genes across all patients.Out of the 276 patients, 18(6.5%)were found to carry POLE mutations.Among these, 6(2.2%)were classified as deleterious mutations, 12(4.3%)were positive for POLE mutations of unknown significance, and the remaining patients had wild type POLE genes.Out of the 276 patients, POLD1 gene mutations of unknown significance were found in 10 patients(3.6%). Among the 276 patients, 5 cases(1.8%)carried two types of gene mutations.Patients in the deleterious mutation group showed earlier tumor stage( P<0.05)and a higher prevalence of low-grade tumor budding( P<0.05), with 6 patients being affected by this.Compared to the wild type group, colon cancer patients showed a higher frequency of deleterious mutations and variants of unknown significance in the poorly differentiated group( P<0.05). The median TMB in the deleterious mutation group was 257.76 muts/Mb, 74.4 muts/Mb in the mutation of unknown significance group, and 5.81 muts/Mb in the wild type group.The study found significant differences in TMB-H status among the three groups, with all P-values less than 0.01.MSI-H status was detected in 1 case(16.7%, 1/6), 14 cases(77.8%, 14/18), and 18 cases(7.1%, 18/276)in the deleterious mutation group, variant of undetermined significance group, and wild type group, respectively.Notably, patients with variants of undetermined significance had a higher MSI-H status than patients with wild type and POLE deleterious mutations, with all P-values less than 0.01.The frequencies of co-mutations in KRAS, NRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA were higher in the deleterious mutation group compared to the mutation of undetermined significance group and wild type group(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Colorectal cancer(CRC)patients with harmful mutations and variants of undetermined significance exhibit unique clinicopathological features.Patients with variants of undetermined significance are more likely to develop colon cancer, show poor differentiation, and have higher frequencies of TMB-H(tumor mutational burden)and MSI-H(microsatellite instability-high).

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 652-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal evidence for the nursing management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury.Methods:Based on the "6S" evidence model, the databases including CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Cochrane Library, the guideline websites such as the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Guidelines International Network and Registered Nurses′ Association of Ontario, and the websites of professional associations such as the Royal College of Physicians, American Spinal Injury Association and Canadian Spine Association were systematically searched. Search period of each database was set from the year of inception until July 2022. Two investigators independently screened the literatures related to the management of limb spasm in patients with spinal cord injury, and conducted quality evaluation and evidence recommendation level evaluation.Results:Totally 17 literatures consisting of 6 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 5 systematic reviews, 2 evidence summaries, and 1 clinical decision were included. Moreover, 30 pieces of evidence were summarized from 3 aspects, including evaluation and identification, drug therapy (chemical denervation, and oral medication), rehabilitation training (hydrotherapy, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, vibration therapy, heat and cold therapy, body position, and exercise therapy).Conclusion:Nursing staff can set up a multidisciplinary team according to the clinical environment and take into consideration of the characteristics of spinal cord injury patients to provide personalized interventions involving evaluation and identification, drug therapy, rehabilitation training, etc., so as to alleviate the degree of limb spasm.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940323

ABSTRACT

By referring to the relevant ancient herbal literature, medical records and prescription books, the textual research of Violae Herba has been conducted to verify the name, origin, producing area, quality evaluation and processing method changes. The results showed that the name of Zihua Diding originated from its flower color and plant morphological characteristics. The primitive plant of Violae Herba is Viola genus of Violaceae, V. yedoensis, as stipulated in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been the mainstream in past dynasties of China. Violae Herba is mainly wild, and it is widely distributed throughout the country. Since modern times, the quality of Violae Herba is better with integrity, green color and yellow root. There are few records on the harvesting and processing methods of Violae Herba in ancient times, most of which are directly used after drying. It is suggested that the collection and processing methods of Violae Herba in the famous classical formulas can be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1370-1380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015818

ABSTRACT

Synaptotagmin 1 (Sytl) is a member of the Synaptotagmin family and plays a role in neurotransmitter vesicle transport and exoeytosis. It has been reported that Sytl appears to be expressed in the intestinal epithelium, but the biological function of Sytl in colitis remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Sytl in the inflammatory response and intestinal epithelial regeneration in colitis using Sytl transgenic mice and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis mode. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to analyze the dynamic changes of Sytl in colitis. H&E staining, immunostaining and Western blotting were used to explore the roles of Sytl in the inflammatory response and in the regeneration and repair of intestinal epithelium in colitis. The results showed that the expression level of Sytl was indeed high in the colonic epithelium of wild-type mice and the intestinal epithelial cells of the adjacent tissues of colorectal cancer patients. Consistently, DSS-induced inflammation progressively resulted in marked upregulation of Sytl in the colon (P<0.01). In DSS-induced colitis, both the body weight loss and colonic shortening were dampened in Sytl loss-of-function mice compared with the control group (P < 0.05), while the number of regenerated crypts and Ki67 proliferating cells were also increased (P<0.01). Additionally, there were less infiltration of CD45 immune cells and F 4/80 macrophages and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNFα and I L l-β, which were related with the severity of inflammation in the inflammatory bowel disease (I B D), were significantly decreased after Sytl deletion (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting results further showed that IL-6 and p-STAT3 was significantly downregulated in Sytl knockdown mice (P<0.05). Taken together, these results suggested that knocking-down of Sytl may improve colitis by inhibiting the IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 706-714, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare effects of conservative treatment and percutaneous kyphoplasty on paravertebral muscle degeneration in patients with osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures.Methods:A retrospective case control analysis was conducted on 286 cases of osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures from January 2017 to December 2019. There were 54 males and 232 females, with a mean age of 67.7 (range, 52-90 years). According to the treatment, the patients were divided in to conservative treatment group (134 patients) and percutaneous kyphoplasty treatment group (152 patients). The pre-operation and post-operation of paravertebral muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and fatty infiltration (FI% ) , bed rest time, visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), the sagittal view Cobb angle, and the anterior column height of fractured vertebra were compared between these two groups.Results:The two groups had no significant difference in CSA and FI% of paravertebral muscle in each plane of the intervertebral discs of the L 3-4、L 4-5 and L 5S 1. The CSA of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs three months after operation were 6.56±1.26 cm 2, 6.87±1.31 cm 2, and 7.14±1.29 cm 2; the CSA of erector were 12.39±2.16 cm 2, 14.72±2.67 cm 2, and 16.45±3.09 cm 2; the CSA of psoas major were 7.05±1.52 cm 2, 8.12±1.75 cm 2, and 8.68±1.66 cm 2, which all were larger than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). However, the two groups had no significant difference in FI% of paravertebral muscle three months after operation. The CSA of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs one year after operation were 6.43±1.23 cm 2, 6.62±1.42 cm 2, and 7.06±1.32 cm 2; the CSA of erector were 12.02±2.08 cm 2, 14.53±2.76 cm 2, and 16.39±2.84 cm 2; the CSA of psoas major were 6.98±1.47 cm 2, 8.01±1.59 cm 2, and 8.37±1.72 cm 2, which all were larger than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). The FI% of multifidus in each plane of the intervertebral discs one year after operation were 31.40%±5.84% , 32.54%±6.64% , and 33.26%±7.16% ; the FI% of erector were 22.64%±3.47% , 23.08%±3.72% , and 23.84%±3.99% ; the FI% of psoas major were 9.23%±2.20% , 9.72%±2.54% , and 10.98%±2.43% , which all were less than those in conservative treatment group and showed significant difference between two groups ( P<0.05). Two groups had significant difference in bed rest time as (9.21±2.52) d vs. (40.32±9.79) d ( t=37.79, P<0.001). The VAS, ODI score at the time of the first day after treatment and the last follow-up of the surgical treatment group were all significantly lower than those of conservative treatment group ( P<0.05). The operation could effectively improve the kyphosis deformity and reduce the loss the anterior column height of fractured vertebra compared with conservative treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusion:There exists paravertebral muscle degeneration of varying degrees during the course of the osteoporotic compression vertebral fractures. Compared to conservative treatment, percutaneous kyphoplasty treatment can not only significantly relieve pain in the short term, improve quality of patient's life, but also significantly delay the degeneration of paravertebral muscle.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 327-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the efficacy of arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of bone marrow edema of the talus.Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with bone marrow edema of the talus admitted to Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2018 to July 2020. There were 11 males and 6 females, with the age range of 15-56 years [(45.7±4.3)years]. All patients were subjected to arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with the administration of PRP. Operation time and wound healing were recorded. Maximum area of bone marrow edema was measured by MRI preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Ankle range of motion (ROM), visual analog score (VAS) and American Association of Foot and Ankle Surgery (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score were measured preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Complications were also detected.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-41 months [(16.7±2.1)months]. Operation time was 45.2-68.5 minutes [(53.4±12.4)minutes]. All wounds were healed at stage I. The maximum area of bone marrow edema decreased from (28.2±6.9)mm 2 preoperatively to (16.3±5.7)mm 2 at 6 months postoperatively and to (7.1±1.7)mm 2 at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). Ankle ROM increased from (52.2±8.9)° preoperatively to (72.3±3.1)° at 6 months postoperatively and to (83.1±2.8)° at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). VAS decreased from (8.2±0.6)points preoperatively to (6.5±0.4)points at 6 months postoperatively and to (3.1±0.8)points at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score increased from (32.4±4.8)points preoperatively to (54.4±6.5)points at 6 months postoperatively and to (88.7±4.3)points at 12 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). There were significant differences in maximum area of bone marrow edema of the talus, ankle ROM, VAS and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score at 12 months postoperatively when compared with those at 6 months postoperatively (all P<0.01). One patient showed the symptom of localized skin numbness postoperatively, and improved with nerve nutrition therapy. Conclusion:Arthroscopic medullary decompression combined with PRP therapy for bone marrow edema of the talus presents good short-term clinical benefits in terms of reduced extent of bone marrow edema, improved ankle ROM, attenuated pain, improved ankle joint function and few postoperative complications.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873856

ABSTRACT

@#Diabetes mellitus(DM)is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by sustained hyperglycemia, which can cause systemic macrovascular, microvascular and nervous system complications. The eye is one of the main organs affected by this disease. The ocular complications of DM include DR, however, non-retinal complications are also contained. This review provides an overview of the non-retinal eye diseases associated with DM, including diabetic keratopathy, dry eye, iridocyclitis, glaucoma, cataract, refractive error, optic neuropathy, iridocyclitis, asteroid hyalosis and so on. These ocular diseases may also lead to vision loss and should be taken seriously in diabetic patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 116-120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy between arthroscopy-assisted reduction and internal fixation (ARIF) versus open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of tibial plateau fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was done of the 75 patients with tibial plateau fracture who had been treated by ARIF or ORIF at Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical Collage from January 2016 to August 2018. They were 58 men and 17 women, aged from 20 to 54 years (average, 47 years). The left side was affected in 42 cases and the right side in 33. By the Schatzker classification, there were 23 cases of type Ⅰ, 49 cases of type Ⅱ and 3 cases of type Ⅲ. Of them, 40 were treated by ARIF and 35 by ORIF. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, incision length, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, postoperative complications and the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores 12 months after operation.Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing the 2 groups were comparable ( P>0.05). The patients were followed up for 12 to 15 months (average, 13.5 months) after operation. The wounds in the 75 patients healed at one stage with no complications like neurovascular lesions. All the fractures healed within 6 months after operation. Compared with the ORIF group, the ARIF group had significantly longer operation time (58.3 min ± 4.2 min versus 48.4 min ± 5.2 min), a significantly shorter incision (4.3 cm ± 0.9 cm versus 6.2 cm ± 0.8 cm), and significantly less intraoperative blood loss (60.8 mL ± 4.5 mL versus 72.8 mL ± 6.5 mL) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in hospital stay (5.1 d ± 0.6 d versus 5.5 d ± 1.6 d) ( P>0.05). Fifteen patients in the ARIF group and 5 in the ORIF group were complicated with soft tissue injury, showing a statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The excellent and good rate by HSS scores was 100% (40/40) for the ARIF group and 85% (34/40) for the ORIF group, showing no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of tibial plateau fractures of Schatzker types Ⅰ-Ⅲ, both ARIF and ORIF may result in good efficacy. However, ARIF can evaluate and treat the complicated soft tissue injuries to the knee joint more precisely, showing advantages of shorter operation time, a smaller incision and less blood loss.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 535-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896546

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential regulators in the development of ovarian cancer (OC). Nonetheless, the function of lncRNA DNM3 opposite strand/antisense RNA (DNM3OS) in OC remains unclear. This work aimed to investigate the biological roles and underlying mechanisms of DNM3OS in OC. @*Materials and Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted to examine DNM3OS, microRNA (miR)-193a-3p, and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAP3K3) mRNA expression in OC tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was employed to analyze the relationship between DNM3OS expression and the prognosis of OC patients. Cell counting kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, and transwell experiments were conducted to monitor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, respectively. Western blot was applied to examine epithelial-mesenchymal transition associated protein (E-cadherin and N-cadherin) expression. Luciferase reporter gene and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments were performed to confirm the relationships among DNM3OS, miR-193a-3p, and MAP3K3. Pearson’s correlation analysis was adopted to analyze the correlations among DNM3OS, miR-193a-3p, and MAP3K3 mRNA. @*Results@#DNM3OS expression was remarkably increased in OC tissues and cell lines, which was associated with the unfavorable prognosis of the patients. DNM3OS overexpression enhanced OC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion; suppressed E-cadherin protein expression; and facilitated N-cadherin protein expression, while the transfection of miR-193a-3p mimics had the opposite effects. DNM3OS directly interacted with miR-193a-3p, and miR-193a-3p targeted MAP3K3 by directly binding to 3'UTR.DNM3OS could up-regulate the expression of MAP3K3 via repressing miR-193a-3p expression. @*Conclusion@#DNM3OS, as an oncogenic lncRNA, increases the malignancy of OC cells via regulation of an miR-193a-3p/MAP3K3 axis.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 497-503, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Joint Instability/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2976-2983, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887859

ABSTRACT

Life sciences are the disciplines most closely related with human beings. As experimental disciplines, life sciences develop rapidly and highly intersect in many scientific fields. Under the "double first-class" initiative, the comprehensive development-oriented talent training system has put forward an urgent need for life sciences literacy and comprehensive ability training of college students. Taking the reform of liberal education curriculum system as an opportunity, we developed a series of eight life sciences practical liberal courses for students with non-biology majors. The courses cover all sub-disciplines or directions of life sciences, and aim to foster interdisciplinary talents with life sciences knowledge and literacy, as well as practical and innovative abilities. These courses could serve as references for experimental teaching centers in colleges and universities to set up practical liberal and experimental courses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Science Disciplines , Curriculum , Students , Universities
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 582-586, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910431

ABSTRACT

Objective:Objective To investigate the role of radiotherapy in the treatment of refractory keloids, evaluate the self-assessment degree of satisfaction of patients and compare with the objective outcomes.Methods:A total of 144 patients (290 lesions) with refractory keloids admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this study. The median age was 28 years old (range: 15-81 years old). All lesions were subjected to electronic radiation at postoperative 24h. The regime of 5 to 7MeV electron beam radiation therapy was adopted. The total dose was ranged from 16 to 18 Gy/2f (at 1-week interval). The median follow-up time was 48 months (range: 35-91 months). Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) was used to evaluate the degree of satisfaction. Multivariate analysis was performed by Cox proportional hazards model.Results:Among 290 keloids, 52 keloids (17.9%) relapsed in 3 to 42 months from the end of radiotherapy (median 12 months). The main side effects were hyperpigmentation and local incisional extension. Univariate analysis showed that local incisional color darker than skin, pruritus, pain and young age were associated with recurrence. Multivariate analysis indicated that local incisional color darker than skin and pain were the independent prognostic factors for scar recurrence. Recurrence, hyperpigmentation and local incisional extension were the main reasons for patients′ dissatisfaction.Conclusions:Postoperative electronic radiation can achieve satisfactory efficacy in the treatment of refractory keloids. Local incisional color darker than skin and pain are the independent prognostic factors of keloid recurrence. Patient self-assessment results are not fully consistent with the objective clinical outcomes and recurrence status.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 760-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of Huber 360 neuromuscular control training and evaluation system (Huber 360) on balance dysfunction for patients with stroke. Methods:From January to November, 2020, 16 patients with stroke were randomly assigned to control group (n = 8) and observation group (n = 8). Both groups received routine motor function training, while the observation group accepted Huber 360 training in addition, for three weeks. They were assessed with Berg Balance Scale, Huber 360, 10-meter Walking Test and Timed 'Up & Go' Test before and after training. Results:All the indexes improved after training in both groups (t > 1.368, P < 0.05), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.230, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Huber 360 can promote the recovery of balance for stroke patients.

14.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E092-E095, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904370

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between scar uterine stress and scar thickness/position by using finite element method, so as to study risk factors of scar uterus rupture. Methods Firstly, SolidWorks was used to establish a three-dimensional (3D) model of the uterus with variable scar thickness and position based on uterine size of the pregnant woman at 40th week of gestation, and then the intrauterine pressure was set in the ANSYS software with pressure range of 4.83-23.9 kPa to calculate the uterine stress. Results During the contraction process, the maximum stress was located in uterine scar, the maximum stress on the uterus with scar thickness smaller than 3 mm was greater than tensile strength of the uterus; 3 mm was used as thickness limit of the lower uterine body. If the thickness was smaller than 3 mm, cesarean section should be selected immediately. Otherwise, transvaginal delivery could be selected. When the scar thickness was 3.0 mm, the maximum stress experienced by the uterus decreased at first and then increased with the distance from the uterine floor increasing. The stress at the uterine scar was the smallest when the distance from the uterine floor was 295 mm; when the scar was 285-305 mm from the uterine floor, the ultimate stress on the scar was smaller than its tensile strength, and it was safer to choose a vaginal delivery. Conclusions Risk factors of scar uterine rupture were studied based on ANSYS finite element analysis. The analysis results were consistent with the clinical data, which provided analysis method and theoretical guidance for the choice of delivery method in clinic.

15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 535-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904250

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential regulators in the development of ovarian cancer (OC). Nonetheless, the function of lncRNA DNM3 opposite strand/antisense RNA (DNM3OS) in OC remains unclear. This work aimed to investigate the biological roles and underlying mechanisms of DNM3OS in OC. @*Materials and Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was conducted to examine DNM3OS, microRNA (miR)-193a-3p, and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAP3K3) mRNA expression in OC tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was employed to analyze the relationship between DNM3OS expression and the prognosis of OC patients. Cell counting kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, and transwell experiments were conducted to monitor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, respectively. Western blot was applied to examine epithelial-mesenchymal transition associated protein (E-cadherin and N-cadherin) expression. Luciferase reporter gene and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments were performed to confirm the relationships among DNM3OS, miR-193a-3p, and MAP3K3. Pearson’s correlation analysis was adopted to analyze the correlations among DNM3OS, miR-193a-3p, and MAP3K3 mRNA. @*Results@#DNM3OS expression was remarkably increased in OC tissues and cell lines, which was associated with the unfavorable prognosis of the patients. DNM3OS overexpression enhanced OC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion; suppressed E-cadherin protein expression; and facilitated N-cadherin protein expression, while the transfection of miR-193a-3p mimics had the opposite effects. DNM3OS directly interacted with miR-193a-3p, and miR-193a-3p targeted MAP3K3 by directly binding to 3'UTR.DNM3OS could up-regulate the expression of MAP3K3 via repressing miR-193a-3p expression. @*Conclusion@#DNM3OS, as an oncogenic lncRNA, increases the malignancy of OC cells via regulation of an miR-193a-3p/MAP3K3 axis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 909-912, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the strategy and efficacy using minimally invasive treatment for grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ blunt pancreatic injuries.Methods:Retrospective data retrieved from medical records of 13 patients with grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ blunt pancreatic injuries who underwent minimally invasive treatment at the Chinese PLA General Hospital from July 2011 to June 2019 were analysed. There were 10 males and 3 females, aged (38±9) years. Minimally invasive treatment included percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) and minimal-access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy (MARPN). Date from enrolled patients were anylsed.Results:There were 9 patients suffering from grade Ⅲ injuries and 4 patients suffering from grade Ⅳ injuries. On initial conservative treatment of these 13 patients, all developed local complications. The local complications were treated using minimally invasive treatment strategies: 13 patients underwent PCD. The median intervention time for PCD was 25 days after trauma; 10 patients were further treated with MARPN, and the median intervention time of MARPN was 41 days after trauma. Twelve patients recovered well and were discharged home. One patient died. The mortality rate was 7.7% (1/13). The median postoperative hospital stay was 19 days.Conclusion:For patients with pancreatic grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ injuries who were hemodynamically stable and had no other associated gastrointestinal injuries, initial conservative treatment, followed by subsequent minimally invasive treatment based on MARPN technology could be used to treat local complications.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 145-148, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787654

ABSTRACT

To detect the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of composite pheochromocytoma(CP). Five cases of CP were collected at Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2011 to January 2019. The clinical, radiological, histologic, immunohistochemical and outcome data were analyzed; the diagnosis and differential diagnosis were discussed. The patients' age range was 52-68 years (mean 59 years, median 54 years), There were 4 males and 1 female, and the male to female ratio was 4∶1. Tumor size was 3-4 cm (mean 3.6 cm, median 3.5 cm). The most common clinical manifestation was adrenal mass. Histologically, the classical feature was two distinct morphologic components, one with tumor cells arranged in irregular nests, and with fine granular and basophilic oramphophilic cytoplasm; the other was composed of scattered ganglion cells in the background of Schwann cells organized in interwoven bundles. The components of pheochromocytoma expressed PHOX2B(5/5), synaptophysin (5/5), CgA (5/5), the sustentacular cells expressed S-100 protein; the components of ganglioneuroma expressed S-100 protein (5/5), NF (5/5), the ganglion cells were weakly positive for PHOX2B, synaptophysin and CgA. All the cases were surgically resected and all patients were free of recurrence at follow-up. CP is rare adrenal tumor, and it has typical histologic features but no specific clinical manifestations. Attention should be paid to its characteristic histomorphology with the use of PHOX2B, CgA, synaptophysin and S-100 protein immunohistochemistry that is helpful for its diagnosis.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1211-1220, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly deadly malignancy with few effective therapies. We aimed to unmask the role that long non-coding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) plays in PC cells by targeting far upstream element binding protein 1 (FUBP1) via microRNA-26a-5p (miR-26a-5p).@*METHODS@#SNHG6 expression was predicted by bioinformatics, followed by verification via reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Then, the interactions among SNHG6, miR-26a-5p, and FUBP1 were detected through online software analysis, dual luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down. After that, cells were treated with different small interfering RNAs and/or mimic to determine the interactions among SNHG6, miR-26a-5p, and FUBP1 and their roles in PC cells. Finally, the role of SNHG6 in tumor growth in vivo was evaluated by measuring the growth and weight of transplanted tumors in nude mice. A t-test, one-way and two-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with that in normal tissues, SNHG6 was highly expressed in PC tissues (1.00 ± 0.05 vs. 1.56 ± 0.06, t = 16.03, P < 0.001). Compared with that in human pancreatic duct epithelial cells (HPDE6-C7), SNHG6 showed the highest expression in PANC-1 cells (1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 3.87 ± 0.13, t = 34.72, P < 0.001) and the lowest expression in human pancreatic cancer cells (MIAPaCa-2) (1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 1.41 ± 0.07, t = 7.70, P = 0.0015). Compared with the levels in the si-negative control group, SNHG6 (0.97 ± 0.05 vs. 0.21 ± 0.06, t = 16.85, P < 0.001), N-cadherin (0.74 ± 0.05 vs. 0.41 ± 0.04, t = 8.93, P < 0.001), Vimentin (0.55 ± 0.04 vs. 0.25 ± 0.03, t = 10.39, P < 0.001), and β-catenin (0.62 ± 0.05 vs. 0.32 ± 0.03, t = 8.91, P < 0.001) were decreased, while E-cadherin (0.65 ± 0.06 vs. 1.36 ± 0.07, t = 13.34, P < 0.001) was increased after SNHG6 knockdown or miR-26a-5p overexpression, accompanied by inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. SNHG6 overexpression exerted the opposite effects. SNHG6 upregulated FUBP1 expression by sponging miR-26a-5p. Silencing SNHG6 blocked the growth of PC in vivo.@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing SNHG6 might ameliorate PC through inhibition of FUBP1 by sponging miR-26a-5p, thus providing further supporting evidence for its use in PC treatment.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 63-68, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873250

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the clinical efficacy of Magui Wenjingtang combined with joint mobilization in the treatment of periarthritis of the shoulder and the effect on hemodynamics and serum pain media. Method::A total of 120 patients with scapulohumeral periarthritis were enrolled in Tianjin Ninghe Hospital from July 2016 to July 2018.All cases were divided into control group and observation group, with 60 patients in each group. The control group received shoulder joint loosening operation (qd), and celecoxib capsules for oral administration. The observation group was treated with Magui Wenjingtang in addition to the shoulder joint loosening operation, 1 dose/d, 2 times/d. After 4 weeks of continuous treatment, the subjects were compared for the subjective pain level McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) score, shoulder mobility hemodynamic changes, and serum prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), substance P (SP), serotonin (5-HT) level and clinical efficacy. Result::Compared with before treatment, visual pain score (VAS), current pain status (PPI), and pain rating index (PRI) scores of the two groups were significantly lower after 4 weeks of treatment, and those of the observation group was significantly lower than the control group (P<0.01). The range of shoulder joint activity was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.01), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), fibrinogen (Fb), whole blood viscosity and serum were compared between the two groups after 4 weeks of treatment and before treatment. The levels of PGE2, SP and 5-HT were significantly lower (P<0.01), and the observation group was significantly better than the control group (P<0.01). The total effective rate of the observation group was 96.61%(57/59), which was significantly higher than 82.76% (48/58) of the control group(χ2=4.685, P<0.05). Conclusion::Magui Wenjingtang combined with shoulder joint loosening operation in treating periarthritis of shoulder with syndrome of blood deficiency and cold coagulation can effectively improve the pain and shoulder joint mobility, increase the curative effect, and improve the hemodynamics, and down-regulatie pain mediator of PGE2, SP, 5-HT, which may be related to the curative effect.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 677-682, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of brain activity intensity between abstinent methamphetamine-dependent (AMD) patients and healthy controls using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF).Methods:From April 2016 to March 2017, 29 male AMD patients from Pingtang compulsory rehabilitation center in Changsha City, Hunan Province and 31 healthy male controls were prospectively recruited. The general conditions of all AMD patients, including age of first use of MA, months of MA use, monthly MA consumption, MA use frequency of the last year and the last month, current months of drug withdrawal, times of drug withdrawal, self-assessment score of drug craving when taking drugs, smoking history (whether smoking and smoking years), drinking history (whether drinking and drinking years). The rest functional MRI data were collected. DPABI software package was used to preprocess the data and calculate ALFF value of each voxel in the whole brain of the subjects of two groups. Two samples t-test and alphasim multiple comparison correction were used. Nuclei with voxel level P<0.01 and voxel number>71 were considered as regions with significant differences between two groups, corresponding to corrected P<0.05. ALFF mean value was extracted for each region with significant differences. Taking smoking and drinking as covariates, the correlations between the mean ALFF values of regions with significant differences and MA use and abstinence were analyzed. Results:Compared with the healthy control group, it was found in the AMD group that ALFF value of left middle frontal gyrus was significantly lower ( t=-4.707), and that of right inferior frontal gyrus was significantly higher ( t=4.445). The results of correlation analysis showed that the ALFF value of right inferior frontal gyrus was negatively correlated with the frequency of MA use and the MA amounts used in the last month ( r=-0.396, P=0.034; r=-0.429, P=0.020). Conclusions:Abnormal brain activity intensity is found in AMD patients compared with healthy controls, with abnormalities mainly found in the prefrontal lobe, which is involved in cognitive, executive and emotion functions. The more MA is used, the more damages or alterations may exist in these regions.

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