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1.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 728-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994761

ABSTRACT

Clinical data of 15 patients diagnosed with acute renal infarction (ARI) in Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University from Jan 2011 to Dec 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of the included 15 patients, there were 14 cases of cardiac origin and 1 case of antiphospholipid syndrome. We found that there were 12 cases of atrial fibrillation, 2 cases of atrial premature beats, 12 cases of elevated level of D-dimer, 15 cases of elevated level of LDH, 11 cases of positive urine occult blood and positive urine protein. Among the 15 patients, catheter-directed thrombolysis was performed in 4 cases, of which 3 cases were revascularized successfully, intravenous thrombolysis in 2 cases and alone anticoagulation therapy in 9 cases. It is suggested that CECT or CTA can assist the early diagnosis of ARI especially in patients with acute onset and persistent abdominal pain with high risk factors of thromboembolism, high levels of LDH, microscopic hematuria and/or proteinuria. Despite prolonged embolic ischemia, try to reconstruct blood flow to save the kidney as much as possible. Late standardized anticoagulant therapy is of critical importance to prevent recurrent embolic episodes.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1183-1187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991497

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of mind map combined with blended teaching in improving the teaching quality of medicinal botany. Methods:A total of 102 students studying the course of medicinal botany were enrolled as subjects. The 51 students in the class of 2020 were enrolled as control group and received conventional teaching, and the 51 students in the class of 2021 were enrolled as observation group and received mind map combined with blended teaching. The two groups were assessed in terms of examination scores, critical thinking ability scores, self-learning ability scores, and student feedback on teaching quality. SPSS 22.0 was used for the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher examination scores ( t=3.01 and 3.14, P=0.003 and 0.002). After practice, both groups had increases in the scores of critical thinking ability and self-learning ability, and the observation group had significantly higher scores than the control group ( t=11.22 and 2.69, P<0.001 and P=0.008). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a better student feedback on teaching quality than the control group ( t=6.79, 7.83, 7.26, 7.43, and 8.54, P=0.009, 0.005, 0.007, 0.006, and 0.003). Conclusion:The combination of mind map and blended teaching can improve the examination scores of students and their critical thinking ability and self-learning ability, and students believe that this teaching model can help to improve teaching quality.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 236-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989806

ABSTRACT

Objective:Early identification of ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion can improve referral efficiency and shorten reperfusion time. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of patients with large vessel occlusion and identify factors that could predict large vessel occlusion.Methods:The clinical data of 432 patients with ischemic stroke treated through emergency green channel were retrospectively analyzed, and the differences between the large vessel occlusion group (LVO group) and the non-large vessel occlusion group (non-LVO group) were compared, and two independent risk factors of the LVO group were screened out by logistics regression analysis: baseline NIHSS score and D-dimer value. The predicted cutoff values of NIHSS score and D-dimer were further determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results:A total of 432 patients with ischemic stroke had complete imaging data, with a mean age of 68.5±12.4 years, including 275 (63.7%) males, and 245 (56.7%) in the LVO group and 187 (43.3%) in the non-LVO group. Age, hemorrhagic transformation, thrombolytic therapy, endovascular treatment, atrial fibrillation, baseline NIHSS score [14.0 (6.0-20.0) vs. 3.0 (1.0-6.0), P<0.05], and D-dimer value at admission [0.9(0.4-2.3) mg/L vs. 0.3 (0.2-0.5)mg/L, P<0.05] were statistically significant different between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that higher baseline NIHSS score( OR=1.22,95% CI: 1.17-1.27)and higher D-dimer value( OR=3.10,95% CI: 2.14-4.47)were independent risk factors for large vessel occlusion. Baseline NIHSS score combined with D-dimer value was a good predictor of large vessel occlusion(AUC 0.85 [0.81-0.89]). ROC curve suggested that NIHSS score >6.5 and D-dimer >0.57 mg/L were the cutoff values for predicting large vessel occlusion. Conclusions:Higher baseline NIHSS score and D-dimer value are valuable for early prediction of large vessel occlusion, patients with NIHSS score >6.5 points and D-dimer >0.57 mg/L should be promptly transported to an advanced stroke center for treatment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 100-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970192

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To establish a newly-designed scoring system for breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) 4 and 5 breast lesions only visible on MRI, and to examine their clinical pathway of biopsy. Methods: The BI-RADS 4 and 5 breast lesions only visible on MRI but not suspected on mammograms or ultrasound between June 2007 and December 2021 at Beijing Hospital were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 209 lesions from 184 patients were finally included. All patients were female, aged (50±11) years (range: 27 to 76 years). All lesions were confirmed by pathology and divided into malignancy and non-malignancy. The lesions were divided into mass and non-mass type using BI-RADS. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the new scoring system. Four types of pathology-obtaining pathway were used: biopsy guided by second-look ultrasound, local excision guided by lesion position information on MRI, intraductal lesion excision guided by methylene blue stain and mastectomy. The data between mass and non-mass lesions were compared by Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There were 124 malignant and 85 non-malignant lesions, while 100 mass and 109 non-mass lessions. The sizes between mass and non-mass lesions showed significant difference(M(IQR)) (7.0 (3.0) mm vs. 25.0 (25.0) mm, U=568.000, P<0.01) and their BI-RADS diagnostic accuracy had no significant difference (53.0% (53/100) vs. 65.1% (71/109), χ2=3.184, P=0.074). The areas under ROC curve of the new scoring system for evaluating mass and non-mass were 0.841 and 0.802, respectively. When taking Score 3 as threshold, it can potentially avoid 14.0% (14/100) and 4.6% (5/109) of biopsies in mass and non-mass, respectively. As to pathway of obtaining pathology, second-look ultrasound succeeded more easily in mass than non-mass (41.0% (41/100) vs.26.6% (29/109), χ2=4.851, P=0.028). More MRI-guided local excisions were performed in non-mass than mass (52.3% (57/109) vs. 34.0% (34/100), χ2=7.100, P=0.008). Conclusions: For suspicious breast lesions detected by MRI but not suspected on X-ray or ultrasound, the new scoring system can further increase diagnostic accuracy. The second-look ultrasound plays an important role for obtaining pathology, especially for mass-type lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Retrospective Studies , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mastectomy , Radiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 443-448, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923438

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate short-term outcomes of robot-assisted Heller-Dor myotomy (RAHM-Dor) for achalasia of cardia and our learning curve experience. Methods     The clinical data and recent follow-up results of 42 patients who received RAHM-Dor from November 2015 to January 2020 in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 22 females with a mean age of 40.8±18.4 years. Results    Dysphagia was the most common symptom, followed by heartburn and regurgitation. The mean operation time was 122.8±23.9 min. The mean blood loss was 47.5±32.7 mL. Two patients suffered mucosal injury, and successfully repaired by suturing during surgery. There was no esophageal fistula, conversion to an open operation or perioperative death in this series. The median length of hospital stay was 8 (6, 9) d. In all patients, the Stooler and Eckardt scores of postoperative 1, 6 and 12 months decreased compared to those of pre-operation (P<0.001). Conclusion     RAHM-Dor is a safe and feasible avenue for the treatment of achalasia of cardia, and can achieve a satisfying short-term results. The learning curve shows a transition to the standard stage from the learning stage after 16-18 operations.

6.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1031-1034, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955801

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of antibiotic-loaded bone cement combined with debridement and vacuum sealing drainage in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer wounds.Methods:Sixty-four patients with diabetic foot ulcers who received treatment in Zhejiang Rongjun Hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either debridement treatment + vacuum sealing drainage (control group, n = 32) or antibiotic-loaded bone cement + debridement + vacuum sealing drainage (observation group, n = 32). The number of patients positive for bacterial culture at different time points and treatment-related indices were compared between the two groups. Results:At 3, 6 and 9 days after admission, the positive rates of bacterial culture in the observation group were 37.50%, 15.63% and 0.00%, respectively, which were significantly lower than 62.50%, 40.62% and 12.50% in the control group ( χ2 = 4.00, 4.95, 4.27, all P < 0.05). The number of operations in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2.96 ± 0.38) vs. (3.63 ± 0.69), t = 4.81, P < 0.001). The length of hospital stay in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(34.74 ± 3.03) days vs. (45.18 ± 2.41) days, t = 15.25, P < 0.001). The duration to wound healing in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(58.23 ± 10.12) days vs. (72.69 ± 11.21) days, t = 6.06, P < 0.001]. Conclusion:Antibiotic-loaded bone cement combined with debridement and vacuum sealing drainage is effective in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer. The combined treatment can effectively prevent infection of ulcer wounds, reduce the number of operations, and thereby shorten the length of hospital stay.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 142-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920522

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In order to analyze the characteristics of the outbreak of acute respiratory tract infection in children caused by respiratory syncytial virus(RSV).@*Methods@#The field epidemiological investigations were conducted for the two outbreaks in kindergartens in Hangzhou. Data were analyzed by descriptive method. Samples with positive respiratory syncytial virus nucleic acid were sequenced using PCR.@*Results@#The two outbreaks occurred in kindergartens. There were 21 cases in kindergarten A, lasting 11 days, and 43 cases in kindergarten B, lasting 33 days. The epidemic curve showed a proliferation pattern. The cases were concentrated in nurseries and K1 classes, primarily among children aged 2-4 years. The most common symptoms were fever and cough, mainly upper respiratory tract infection, and no severe cases were found. Upper respiratory tract samples were collected and detected as positive for RSV. Four samples were sequenced and identified as subgroup B.@*Conclusion@#During the outbreak of acute respiratory infection in kindergartens, respiratory syncytial virus should be given primary consideration in the process of identification of the outbreak caused by other respiratory infections, and strictly control measures should be taken to reduce the long term impact of the epidemic.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 660-663, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantages and safety of subxiphoid uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy.Methods:From October 2014 to December 2019, a total of 308 patients diagnosed with early stage thymic epithelial tumor underwent uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy were included. Subxiphoid group including 40 males and 37 females, aged 32-80 years old, mean age(58.0±11.8)years old. Intercostal group including 114 males and 117 females, aged 25-78 years old, mean age(54.8±11.4)years old. Short-term and long-term postoperative pain scores was compared in a propensity score matching analysis.Results:Propensity score analysis revealed that 62 patients treated with the subxiphoid approach and 62 patients treated with the lateral intercostal approach had the same baseline characteristics. There were no significant differences in lesion size, stage, pathological type, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups( P>0.05). Compared with those in the intercostal group, patients in the subxiphoid group yielded lower pain scores on the first day after operation and less patients with postoperative pain lasting more than 3 months. Patients required for additional analgesic therapy in subxiphoid group was less than intercostal group. One patient in subxiphoid group developed myasthenia after operation, which prolonged the duration of mechanical ventilation. No serious perioperative complications and death occurred in other patients. Conclusion:Subxiphoid uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy is safe and feasible, it has the advantages of no injury to intercostal nerve and less short-term and long-term postoperative pain compared with intercostal approach.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1292-1298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904711

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the clinical effects of segmentectomy and lobectomy for ≤2 cm lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary and solid subtype negative by intraoperative frozen sections. Methods    The patients with adenocarcinoma who received segmentectomy or lobectomy in multicenter from June 2020 to March 2021 were included. They were divided into two groups according to a random number table, including a segmentectomy group (n=119, 44 males and 75 females with an average age of 56.6±8.9 years) and a lobectomy group (n=115, 43 males and 72 females with an average of 56.2±9.5 years). The clinical data of the patients were analyzed. Results    There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). No perioperative death was found. There was no statistical difference in the operation time (111.2±30.0 min vs. 107.3±34.3 min), blood loss (54.2±83.5 mL vs. 40.0±16.4 mL), drainage duration (2.8±0.6 d vs. 2.6±0.6 d), hospital stay time (3.9±2.3 d vs. 3.7±1.1 d) or pathology staging (P>0.05) between the two groups. The postoperative pulmonary function analysis revealed that the mean decreased values of forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted in the segmentectomy group were significantly better than those in the lobectomy group (0.2±0.3 L vs. 0.4±0.3 L, P=0.005; 0.3%±8.1% vs. 2.9%±7.4%, P=0.041). Conclusion    Segmentectomy is effective in protecting lungs function, which is expected to improve life quality of patients.

10.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 332-334, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904319

ABSTRACT

@#Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common peripheral vascular disease, causing pulmonary embolism, post-venous thrombosis syndrome, chronic thrombotic pulmonary hypertension, and other complications.[1] The inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) implantation combined with adequate anticoagulation could lower the incidence of fatal PE to <1%.[2] In clinical practice, the double inferior vena cava (IVC) malformation along with lower extremity DVT (LEDVT) is rarely seen, and poor perception towards this disease easily leads to misdiagnosis and mistreatment. This report summarized the diagnosis and treatment of a case with double IVC who underwent IVCF implantation, and also discussed relevant literature in order to improve the understanding of double IVC malformation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 8-15, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1α (CPT1α) and progression of renal interstitial fibrosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to evaluate the value of CPT1α as a biomarker in pathological diagnosis of renal interstitial fibrosis and CKD.Methods:As a retrospective cohort study, information of CKD patients dignosed with tubulointerstitial fibrosis by renal biopsy and receiving follow-up from March 1, 2010 to July 30, 2017 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected. Renal tissues were stained by immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of CPT1α protein and then divided into three groups according to the quartile of proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells, including group Q1(>67.89%), group Q2(49.84%-67.89%) and group Q3(<49.84%). The degree of renal interstitial fibrosis was measured by Masson staining and lipid deposition was represented by Bodipy staining. Messenger RNA of CPT1α and collagen as well as other extracellular matrix genes were detected by real time-PCR. Relationships between proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells and renal interstitial fibrosis and renal function were analyzed by linear regression analysis. The relationship between CPT1α positive cell number ratio and renal function progression was measured by Pearson correlation analysis and generalized linear model. The effect of lipid-lowering medicine on renal function of CKD patients was analyzed by paired comparative analysis.Results:Ninety patients with CKD were included in this study. Renal interstitial fibrosis and lipid droplets deposition area increased in Q2/Q3 group compared with Q1 group by Masson and Bodipy staining (all P<0.05). Messenger RNA level of extracellular matrix-related proteins increased in Q2/Q3 group by real time-PCR than those of Q1 group (all P<0.05). Linear regression analysis showed that fibrosis area was negatively correlated with the proportion of CPT1α positive staining cells ( r=-0.309, P<0.01). The baseline expression of CPT1α in renal issues was negatively related with serum creatinine (Scr) ( r=-2.801, P<0.001), positively related with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ( r=1.240, P<0.001). After a medium follow-up of 3.47 years, CPT1α positive cell number ratio was positively correlated with eGFR change rate by Pearson analysis ( r=0.220, P=0.038). Paired stratified analysis showed that taking lipid-lowering medicines attenuated the decrease of eGFR in Q2 group and Q3 group but not in Q1 group (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The decline of CPT1α in renal tissues of CKD patients is associated with the increase of Scr, the decrease of eGFR and renal interstitial fibrosis. CPT1α is a promising molecular marker to evaluate the degree of renal fibrosis and the progression of CKD.

12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 345-352, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880536

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of emodin on inflammation and autophagy in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages and reveal its underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay was conducted to find the appropriate dose for emodin. RAW264.7 cells pretreated with different concentrations (0-50 μmol/L) of emodin or vehicle for 2 h prior to exposure to LPS for 16 h. Cell morphology was examined and propidium iodide staining was used to examine cell cycle. Expressions of inflammation-related proteins [nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κ B) and I-kappaB (I κ B)α] and autophagy-related proteins [light chain (LC)3, P62/sequestosome 1, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and p-mTOR] were examined using Western blot analysis. Expression of inflammation-related cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Autophagy was examined with LC3B fluorescence intensity and aggregation. The effect of emodin on autophagy was conducted with an autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA).@*RESULTS@#The expression of NF-κ B in LPS-induced cells was significantly increased (P<0.01) and simultaneously I κ B α decreased compared with the normal cell (P<0.05). The expressions of TNF-α, IL-β, and IL-6 proteins in the LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells were significantly higher than in the normal cell (P<0.05 or P<0.01). LPS increased the percentage of cells in the G@*CONCLUSION@#Emodin could inhibit inflammation of mice RAW264.7 macrophages induced by LPS, possibly through activating autophagy.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2678-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The past decade has witnessed an ever-increasing momentum of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and a subsequent paradigm shift in the contemporary management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). We conducted a multi-centric TAVR registry based on Chinese patients (the China Aortic valve tRanscatheter Replacement registrY [CARRY]) to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Chinese patients who underwent TAVR and compare the results between different valve types in different Chinese regions.@*METHODS@#CARRY is an all-comer registry of aortic valve disease patients undergoing TAVR across China and was designed as an observational study that retrospectively included all TAVR patients at each participating site. Seven hospitals in China participated in the CARRY, and 1204 patients from April 2012 to November 2020 were included. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test, and continuous variables were analyzed using a t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the risk of adverse events during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was 73.8 ± 6.5 years and 57.2% were male. The median Society of Thoracic Surgeon-Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 6.0 (3.7-8.9). Regarding the aortic valve, the proportion of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was 48.5%. During the hospital stay, the stroke rate was 0.7%, and the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block indicating permanent pacemaker implantation was 11.0%. The in-hospital all-cause mortality rate was 2.2%. After 1 year, the overall mortality rate was 4.5%. Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV), those with BAV had similar in-hospital complication rates, but a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs. 3.3%) and 1 year mortality (2.3% vs. 5.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAVR candidates in China were younger, higher proportion of BAV, and had lower rates of post-procedural complications and mortality than other international all-comer registries. Given the use of early generation valves in the majority of the population, patients with BAV had similar rates of complications, but lower mortality than those with TAV. These findings further propel the extension of TAVR in low-risk patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#https://www.chictr.org.cn/ (No. ChiCTR2000038526).


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 42-46, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1/S100A4) , ɑ-smooth-muscle actin (ɑ-SMA) and fibroblast-activated protein (FAP-ɑ) in tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) , and to investigate its relationship with the origination and development of PTC.Methods:The expression of FSP1/S100A4, ɑ-SMA and FAP-ɑ in normal thyroid and PTC was determined by SP method of immunohistochemistry, and the relationship between these indicators and important clinicopathological parameters were analyzed.Results:The positive expression of FSP1/S100A4, ɑ-SMA and FAP-ɑ was observed in PTC, but not detected in the follicular epithelium or stromal cells of normal thyroid. In addition, the expression of FAP-ɑ was significantly related to tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM classification ( χ2=6.833, P<0.05; χ2=10.296, P<0.05; χ2=4.910, P<0.05) . The expression of ɑ-SMA was positively related to the invasion of capsule and lymph node metastasis ( χ2=6.008, P<0.05; χ2=11.766, P<0.05) . The expression of FSP1/S100A4 was negatively related to the clinicopathological parameters above ( P>0.05) in PTC. Conclusion:TAFs in PTC may indicate the infiltration and metastasis, which provideds new thinking for the treatment strategies of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 149-156, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799584

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the clinical understanding of Castleman disease (CD) with different types of thoracic involvement, including their clinical features, radiological and pathological findings, diagnosis and current treatment strategies.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 30 patients diagnosed with CD with thoracic involvement and hospitalized between June 2009 and May 2019 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University was performed. Patients were divided into three groups for subsequent analysis based on the clinical data: CD with bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) , unicentric Castleman disease (UCD) without BO, and multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) without BO.@*Results@#Among the 30 patients, there were 5 (16.7%) patients diagnosed with BO, 18 (60.0%) patients had UCD without BO and 7 (23.3%) patients had MCD without BO. The average age of MCD without BO patients was significantly older than that of BO and UCD without BO patients[ (49.29±5.39) ys vs (27.20±3.76) ys and (37.17±2.87) ys; P=0.005 and 0.034, respectively) ]. Pulmonary symptoms were commonly seen in BO group (100%) and MCD without BO group (71.4%) . while no pulmonary symptoms were seen in UCD without BO group. Key abnormal laboratory findings were erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) increase (40%in BO group and 57.1% in MCD without BO group) and hypoxia (60% in BO group and 28.6% in MCD without BO group) . Other abnormal laboratory findings seen in MCD without BO group included anemia and IgG increase (both 57.1%) . Notably, all patients in BO group had extremely severe mixed ventilation dysfunction in the lung function test. CT scan showed lung parenchyma involvement in BO group (100%) , in UCD without BO group (11.1%) featured by solitary pulmonary nodule and in MCD without BO group (57.1%) featured by diffuse lesions in bilateral lungs. The size of lymph nodes was significantly smaller in MCD without BO group comparing to that in BO group and UCD without BO group[short diameter (1.83±0.51) cm vs (4.73±1.63) cm and (3.62±0.26) cm; P=0.006 and 0.011, respectively]. All patients (100%) in the BO group had a pathological type of transparent vascular variant while the same pathological type accounts for 88.9% in UCD without BO patients. The predominantly pathological type (57.1%) was plasma cell variant in the MCD without BO group. Oral ulcers presented in all patients in BO group but were relieved after the mass resection and immunomodulatory therapy, but the pulmonary symptoms were still progressively aggravated. Thoracoscopic mass excision was the main treatment for UCD without BO patients while chemotherapy, immunomodulatory and targeted therapy were commonly used for MCD without BO treatment.@*Conclusion@#The age, clinical symptom, laboratory finding, lung function, imaging manifestation, pathology, treatment and prognosis were different among the three groups. This classification could improve clinical understanding of the disease.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 133-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799488

ABSTRACT

In February 2018, a 67-year-old male patient with infected abdominal aortic aneurysm was admitted to the Department of Vascular Surgery of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University Medical College. After admission, abdominal aortic endovascular exclusion surgery, right iliac artery-double femoral artery vascular bypass+ infected abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy+ stent removal surgery, and active anti-infective treatment were performed in the department of vascular surgery. Seven days after the vascular prosthesis bypass surgery, the surface skin of the vascular prosthesis of the patient was red and swollen, and there was a purulent discharge, which was diagnosed as poor healing of sinus of vascular prosthesis. Surgeons of our department and the department of vascular surgery performed incision and debridement of sinus of vascular prosthesis+ vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the early stage under local anesthesia. After the local infection was controlled and wound blood supply was improved, stage Ⅱ surgery of resection of sinus of vascular prosthesis+ vascular prosthesis partial diversion+ local flap propulsion under general anesthesia was performed. The incision healed well after surgery, and the patient was discharged smoothly. During the follow-up of 6 months, the patient′s flap was in good shape, and the wound was healed. This case prompts that after the diagnosis of infected abdominal aortic aneurysm vascular sinus poor healing, we can actively open the infected sinus, use VSD technology to treat granulation wounds, then divert the implanted vascular prosthesis to prepare fresh local flap which covers the vascular prosthesis, and use new silver ion dressing to cover the wounds, thus achieving satisfactory results.

18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 139-147, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827074

ABSTRACT

Increasing evidence suggests that stress may induce changes in hair color, with the underlying mechanism incompletely understood. In this study, female C57BL/6 mice subjected to electric foot shock combined with restraint stress were used to build chronic stress mouse model. The melanin contents and tyrosinase activity were measured in mouse skin and B16F10 melanoma cells. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the content of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin- 1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the mouse skin. The content of nuclear factor κB (NFκB)/p65 subunit in mouse skins was valued by immunofluorescence staining. The results demonstrated that under chronic stress, the fur color turned from dark to brown in C57BL/6 mice due to the decrease of follicle melanocytes and tyrosinase activity in C57BL/6 mouse skin. Simultaneously, inflammatory responses in skins were detected as shown by increased NFκB activity and TNF-α expression in stressed mouse skin. In cultured B16F10 melanoma cells, TNF-α reduced the melanogenesis and tyrosinase activity in a dose-dependent manner. These findings indicate that chronic stress induces fur color change by decreasing follicle melanocytes and tyrosinase activity in female C57BL/6 mice, and TNF-α may play an important role in stress-induced hair color change.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Animal Fur , Color , Melanins , Melanocytes , Melanoma, Experimental , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Metabolism , Pigmentation , Skin , Stress, Physiological
19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 730-732, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826910

ABSTRACT

Lung resection following pneumonectomy for recurrent lung cancer is a challenging scenario. Peri-operative airway management and choice of surgical procedure are issues to be addressed by both the anesthesiologists and thoracic surgeons. We hereby report a case of anterior segmentectomy of the right upper for recurrent lung cancer, in a patient who had previously underwent pneumonectomy for primary lung cancer one year earlier. A modified conventional tracheal intubation and unique surgical techniques were applied for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) anterior segmentectomy of the right upper lobe in a patient with a notable mediastinal shift (following contralateral pneumonectomy), resulting in a good recovery and clinical outcome. The clinical experience is summarized in detail in this article.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1983-1986, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829251

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To detect the thickness of tear film lipid layer(LLT)in children with abnormal blink, to explore the relationship between abnormal blink and LLT, and to find out the diagnostic value of LLT in children with abnormal blink.<p>METHODS: Prospective comparative study. Selecting 46 cases of children with "frequent blink" as the first reason in our ophthalmic outpatient clinic in 2016-11/2017-02 as abnormal blink group. In the same period, 46 children with non-anomalous blink were selected as control group. The history collection, slit lamp examination, refractive examination, Schirmer I test(SⅠt), tear film break-up time(BUT), and the number of times of LLT and incomplete blink(PB)were measured and compared surface light interferometer were compared.<p>RESULTS: The LLT of the abnormal blink group was 72.17(22.13, 91.00)nm, which was lower than that of the control group 81.97(30.25,95.27)nm,(<i>U</i>=674.5, <i>P</i>=0.028); The mean equivalent spherical degrees(-0.98±3.09D)and SⅠt(11.39±2.46mm/5min)in the abnormal blink group were not different from those in the control group(-0.24±3.06D, 11.74±2.10mm/5min)(<i>P</i>>0.05). Mean PB(0.58±0.28)and mean BUT in the eyes of blink group There was a difference(18.27±5.51s)from the control group(0.43±0.17, 21.01±6.14s)(<i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Children's abnormal blinks are associated with many factors, and the LLT decline may be an important factor in children's abnormal blink.

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