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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 931-935, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984245

ABSTRACT

Background The converter stations of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines generate special total electric fields. At present, few investigations have been conducted on total electric fields in the workplace of converter stations from an perspective of occupational health. Objective To understand the current situation of total electric field strength in the workplace of converter stations. Methods Using purposive sampling, a calibrated HDEM-1 direct current (DC) total electric field strength measurement system was used to measure the total electric fields of 12 converter stations serving 6 DC lines in Southeast and Southwest China according to the Measurement method for total electric field strength and ion current density of the converter stations and DC transmission lines (DL/T 1089—2008). The results were evaluated according to occupational exposure limits recommended by The limits of electromagnetic environment at ±800 kV UHV DC converter station (DL/T 275—2012), the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), and the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). Results A total of 615 check points were planned, the total electric field strength was 0.05-37.05 kV·m−1, and the median was 10.45 kV·m−1. The total electric field strength of 39 check points (6.3%) exceeded 25 kV·m−1 (the limits of ACGIH and ICNIRP), and the total electric field strength of 12 check points (2.0%) exceeded 30 kV·m−1 (the limit of DL/T 275—2012). There were statistically significant differences in the total electric field strength values and the proportions of exceeding 25 kV·m−1 between the neutral regions and the positive regions and between the neutral regions and the negative regions (P < 0.01). The proportion of total electric field strength exceeding 30 kV·m−1 in the negative regions was higher than that in the positive regions (P < 0.01). There were no significant differences in the total electric field strength of converter stations at different voltage levels and different altitudes (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences in the proportions of total electric field exceeding 25 kV·m−1 and exceeding 30 kV·m−1 in converter stations at different voltage levels and different altitudes (P > 0.05). Conclusion The total electric field in some workplace of converter stations exceeds selected limits. Converter station operators may be exposed to high-strength total electric field for a short time.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 679-684, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic method and value of echocardiography in screening right patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) of infants.Methods:This was a prospective study.Thirty-one infants with right PDA diagnosed by ultrasound and confirmed by prenatal ultrasonography, electronic computed tomography angiography, angiocardiography and/or surgery in Hebei Children′s Hospital from April 2014 to May 2022 were collected as research subjects, and the association of right ductus arteriosus with aortic arch anomalies and complex cardiac malformations were summarized. The diagnostic method and value of ultrasonic screening were summed up.Results:Of the 31 cases, 30 cases were correctly diagnosed by ultrasound and 1 case was misdiagnosed, who was a left aortic arch descending to the right, a crossover variation of the right and left pulmonary arteries, and a rightward displacement of the ductus arteriosus. Among these cases diagnosed correctly, 27 cases (including 24 cases with right aortic arch and 3 cases with left aortic arch) presented that ductus arteriosus was open and its ostium of pulmonary artery end was located in the proximal right pulmonary artery in views of parasternal short-axis view of great vessels at cardiac base with the combination of two dimensions and color Doppler flow imaging. Other 3 cases of right aortic arch were all single ventricle with transposition of the great artery. Due to the parallel relationship of the two great arteries, the standard parasternal short-axis view of great vessels could not be obtained, and the right ductus arteriosus was found in the high parasternal views.In all of the 27 cases with right aortic arch and right ductus arteriosus, high parasternal views showed that one end of the ductus arteriosus was connected to the right aortic arch isthmus and the other end was connected to the right pulmonary artery. In all of the 3 cases with left aortic arch and right ductus arteriosus, the high parasternal views showed that one end of the ductus arteriosus was connected to the right subclavian artery and the other end was connected to the right pulmonary artery. Among the 27 cases with right aortic arch, 16 cases were accompanied with mirror image branches, 9 cases of which had complex cardiac malformations; 10 cases were associated with aberrant left subclavian artery, 1 case of which had complex cardiac malformations; 1 case was with isolated left subclavian artery, and without complex cardiac malformations. All 3 cases of left aortic arch were accompanied with isolated right subclavian artery and none of them were associated with complex cardiac malformations. Clinical outcomes of 30 cases with right PDA: 14 cases underwent ductus arteriosus ligation due to thick ductus or other heart malformations. In other 16 cases, 4 cases were closed spontaneously, 9 cases had persistent small ductus arteriosus, and 3 cases were lost to follow-up.Conclusions:Right ductus arteriosus is mostly related to the right aortic arch, and those with mirror image branches are prone to complex cardiac malformations; cases of left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus are tend to accompany isolated right subclavian artery. Ultrasound has an important application in the screening and diagnosis of right PDA.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 107-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992578

ABSTRACT

Infectious bone defect is bone defect with infection or as a result of treatment of bone infection. It requires surgical intervention, and the treatment processes are complex and long, which include bone infection control,bone defect repair and even complex soft tissue reconstructions in some cases. Failure to achieve the goals in any step may lead to the failure of the overall treatment. Therefore, infectious bone defect has been a worldwide challenge in the field of orthopedics. Conventionally, sequestrectomy, bone grafting, bone transport, and systemic/local antibiotic treatment are standard therapies. Radical debridement remains one of the cornerstones for the management of bone infection. However, the scale of debridement and the timing and method of bone defect reconstruction remain controversial. With the clinical application of induced membrane technique, effective infection control and rapid bone reconstruction have been achieved in the management of infectious bone defect. The induced membrane technique has attracted more interests and attention, but the lack of understanding the basic principles of infection control and technical details may hamper the clinical outcomes of induced membrane technique and complications can possibly occur. Therefore, the Chinese Orthopedic Association organized domestic orthopedic experts to formulate An evidence-based clinical guideline for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique ( version 2023) according to the evidence-based method and put forward recommendations on infectious bone defect from the aspects of precise diagnosis, preoperative evaluation, operation procedure, postoperative management and rehabilitation, so as to provide useful references for the treatment of infectious bone defect with induced membrane technique.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1088-1093, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of progressive case teaching method based on core competency in standardized nursing training.Methods:A total of 63 nursing students rotated in department of neurosurgery from June 2020 to June 2022 were selected as the research objects and randomized into experimental group ( n=31) and control group ( n=32). The experimental group adopted the progressive case teaching method based on core competency, and the control group adopted the conventional teaching mode. The data was analyzed using SPSS 26.0 to conduct t-test or non-parametric test based on the data normality for comparing the theory results, objective structure clinical examination (OSCE) scores, core competency, self-directed learning ability scores, teaching satisfaction and nursing satisfaction of patients in two wards between the two groups. Results:The theoretical results ( t=4.74, P<0.001) and OSCE scores ( t=3.81, P<0.001) of the experimental group were better than those of the control group. The scores of core competency and autonomous learning ability ( t=4.32, P<0.001) of the experimental group were better than those of the control group. The teaching satisfaction score ( t=2.21, P=0.044) and patient satisfaction score ( t=2.92, P=0.011) of the observation group were better than those of the control group. Conclusion:The progressive case teaching method based on core competency can improve the post competency of nurses, and also improve the teaching satisfaction rate and patient satisfaction rate, which is worthy of being carried out in the subsequent teaching activities.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 185-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991281

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the students' initiative and values in knowledge seeking, this study integrates ideological and political elements into the medical physics curriculum. On the basis of the standard curriculum, 11 ideological and political elements corresponding to 6 knowledge points are added to the courseware and teaching plan and implemented in the classroom. The changes of students' ideological and moral level and values before and after teaching were statistically analyzed by questionnaire. The results show that through the integration of ideological and political elements, 98.15% (106/108) think it is necessary to integrate the ideological and political elements into the curriculum. The proportion of students who study for the purpose of working skills, national medical care and world medical care has increased, while the proportion of students who earn credits has decreased, which shows that students' learning initiative and values have been improved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 15-19, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004878

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the quality of suspended red blood cells (SRBC) under low-pressure and hypoxic conditions, in order to lay a theoretical foundation for airline delivery, air drop and storage of SRBC on plateau. 【Methods】 The low-pressure and hypoxic conditions (0.026 MPa and 0.047 MPa) were simulated by a pressure control device. SRBC were divided into 3 groups (5 bags/group, 1.5 U/bag). Each group was stored in 0.026 MPa environment at 2℃-6℃ for 24 hours (named 0.026 MPa), in 0.047MPa environment at 2℃-6℃ for 7 days (named 0.047 MPa), and in a blood storage refrigerator at 4℃ (named the control), respectively. The storage cell characteristics were examined on day 2, 9, 14, 28 and 35. 【Results】 We found that HCT, MCV, K+, Na+, FHb, hemolytic ratio, 2, 3-DPG and rheological properties in group 0.026 MPa and 0.047 MPa were not significant different compared with that in control (P>0.05). The consumptions of Glu in group 0.026 MPa and 0.047 MPa were significantly higher (P<0.05), and a transient increase in LAC concentration of group 0.026 MPa and 0.047MPa were observed, compared to the control. 【Conclusion】 The conditions of low-pressure and hypoxia have no significant effect on the quality of suspended red blood cells.

7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 735-742, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001269

ABSTRACT

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is associated with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), which is a rare cerebrovascular disorder in children. Systemic anticoagulation with heparin is the standard therapy for CVST, and mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has been described as a salvage treatment for adult anticoagulant refractory CVST, However, it has never been reported in children. We describe a case of MT for refractory CVST in a child with NS. A 13-year-old boy with newly diagnosed NS presented to an emergency department with acute headache. A head computed tomography showed acute thrombus in the superior sagittal sinus, straight sinus and transverse sinus. The child was started on heparin therapy, but clinically deteriorated and became unresponsive. In view of the rapid deterioration of the condition after anticoagulation treatment, the patient received intravascular treatment. Several endovascular technologies, such as stent retriever and large bore suction catheter have been adopted. After endovascular treatment, the patient’s neurological condition was improved within 24 hours, and magnetic resonance venography of the head demonstrated that the CVST was reduced. The child recovered with normal neurological function at discharge. This case highlights the importance of considering MT for refractory CVST, and we suggest that MT may be considered for refractory CVST with NS in children.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2970-2978, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999039

ABSTRACT

Inositol requiring enzyme 1 alpha (IRE1α), a widespread transmembrane protein in mammals, is an endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) receptor. Among the three signaling pathways of the unfolded protein response (UPR), the IRE1α pathway is the most conservative. And there is a growing body of evidence that the occurrence and development of tumors is closely related to the over-expression of IRE1α. Therefore, the study of the IRE1α inhibitors is of great significance to the discovery of new anti-tumor drugs and has been attracting more and more attention. In the hope of providing ideas for the research of targeting IRE1α for cancer therapy, this paper reviewed the data of representative IRE1α inhibitors, including inhibitory activity, the mechanism of action, structural characteristics, and so on.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1164-1168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996872

ABSTRACT

@# Objective    To explore and analyze the related influencing factors for common intraoperative complications during CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary tumor. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of the patients who underwent CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary tumor in our hospital from December 2018 to December 2019, and analyzed the influencing factors for complications. Results    A total of 106 patients were enrolled. There were 58 (54.7%) males and 48 (45.3%) females aged 46-81 (68.05±8.05) years. All patients successfully completed the operation. The operation time was 47.67±16.47 min, and the hospital stay time was 2.45±1.35 d. The main intraoperative complications were pneumothorax (16.0%, 17/106) and intrapulmonary hemorrhage (22.6%, 24/106). Univariate analysis showed that the number of pleural punctures had an impact on the occurrence of pneumothorax (P=0.00). The length of the puncture path (P=0.00), ablation range (P=0.03) and ablation time (P=0.00) had an impact on the occurrence of intrapulmonary hemorrhage. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the size of the lesion (OR=17.85, 95%CI 3.41-93.28, P=0.00) and the number of pleural punctures (OR=0.02, 95%CI 0.00-0.11, P=0.00) were independent influencing factors for the occurrence of pneumothorax. The length of the puncture path (OR=15.76, 95%CI 5.34-46.57, P=0.00) was the independent influencing factor for the occurrence of intrapulmonary hemorrhage. Conclusion    Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary tumor is safe and with a high success rate, but intraoperative complications are affected by many factors, so the surgeons should be proficient in operating skills to avoid complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 812-817, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996622

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the research hotspots and progress of surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis. Methods    The top 100 most cited articles on surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis were identified by searching the Web of Science database, and a bibliometric analysis was conducted. Results    The publication year of the top 100 most cited articles ranged from 1939 to 2021, and the number of citations ranged from 55 to 850 per article. Most of the included articles were original research articles (75/100), which were mainly retrospective studies (64/75). The United States was the country with the most published articles and most citations, and Annals of Thoracic Surgery was the most sourced journal (n=20). Through VOSviewer analysis, high-density keywords were thymectomy, maximal thymectomy, extended thymectomy, transcervical thymectomy, thymoma, and autoantibodies. Conclusion    The scope of surgical resection, surgical approach and pathogenesis are the current hotspots in the field of surgical treatment of myasthenia gravis. It is hoped that this paper can provide references for future researches in this field.

11.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 109-120, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996134

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the neural connections between Shenmen (HT7)-heart and the brain by observing the tracing viruses co-labeled brain nuclear groups after injection of the pseudorabies viruses (PRV), the reverse transsynaptic virus tracer carrying different fluorescent protein genes, into the myocardium and Shenmen (HT7) point, respectively.Methods: Pseudorabies virus 531 (PRV531) carrying the green fluorescent protein gene and pseudorabies virus 724 (PRV724) carrying the red fluorescent protein gene were injected into the left ventricular wall and Shenmen (HT7) point area of the left forelimb of six C57BL/6 mice, respectively. After 120 h, whole brain tissue was extracted under 4% paraformaldehyde perfusion to prepare brain sections. Neuronal co-labeling with the tracing viruses was observed under fluorescence microscopy. Results: Co-labeled signals from the mouse ventricular wall and Shenmen (HT7) point region were found at all levels of the mouse central nervous areas, such as the cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. The number of co-labeled neurons was higher in the primary motor area, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, the subceruleus nucleus, and the paramedian reticular nucleus. Conclusion: There is a neural connection between Shenmen (HT7), the heart, and the brain, which may be most closely related to the autonomic nervous system.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 305-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic variation of 2 children with developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 8 (DEE8).Methods:Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed to determine the potential variants in the probands. Candidate variants identified by WES were validated by Sanger sequencing and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. X chromosome inactivation (XCI) detection was performed in the proband 1′s mother and proband 2 to detect the allelic expression difference of ARHGEF9. Results:Both of the cases showed global developmental delay. Proband 1 presented with delayed motor and speech development, intellectual disability, and seizures. Electroencephalography of proband 1 showed slow background activity, with spikes, spike and waves in bilateral frontal and midline regions during sleep. While proband 2 showed delay in acquisition of language, motor skills, and cognition, but no seizures. It was identified that proband 1 carried a novel maternally derived heterozygous splicing variant (c.925-2A>T) in ARHGEF9 by WES, which was verified in Sanger sequencing. The XCI in proband 1′s mother was observed, and the expression ratio of mutant ARHGEF9 and wild-type was 0∶100%. A novel exon 3-10 heterozygous deletion of ARHGEF9 was identified in proband 2, and this variant was not found in his unaffected parents. Conclusions:DEE8 disorders are relatively rare. Most of the patients have varying degrees of neurodevelopmental phenotype, but epilepsy is not a specific clinical manifestation. ARHGEF9 gene deletion and splicing variation may be the genetic cause of the 2 probands, and above findings have enriched the spectrum of variation and phenotype of DEE8.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994672

ABSTRACT

The review focuses upon the mechanism of exosome derived from mesenchymal stem cells in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI)to provide references for clinical application of exosomes in alleviating hepatic IRI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 81-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of low-dose rabbit anti-human thymocyte globulin (rATG) for induction therapy of kidney transplantation (KT) in children.Methods:From October 2018 to May 2021, clinical data were reviewed retrospectively for 77 pediatric KT recipients on a low-dose rATG induction protocol.Recipient/graft survival rate, renal function recovery, acute rejection (AR) and adverse reactions were observed at 1 year post-operation.The postoperative changes of renal function were examined by Friedman’s test; According to the preoperative baseline data, Pearson’s Chi-square or Fisher's exact test was utilized for examining the influencing factors of postoperative AR.Results:A total of 16(20.78%) recipients had AR within the first 6 months post-operation.The incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) was 14.29%(11/77); The incidence of severe infection post-transplantation 18.18%(14/77), the infection rate of BK virus 25.97%(20/77) and the incidence of neutropenia 32.47%(25/77).The recipient/graft survival rate at 1 year post-operation was 97.40%(75/77) and 94.81%(73/77) respectively.Chi-square test indicated that the incidence of postoperative infection in children with body weight ≤30 kg and height ≤138 cm was 28.95%(11/38) and 27.50%(11/40) respectively, Both were higher than 7.69%(3/39) and 8.11%(3/37) of children with body weight >30 kg and height>138 cm.The difference between groups was statistically significant ( P=0.016 and 0.028). Conclusions:Low-dose rATG is generally excellent in preventing AR in pediatric KT recipients.And the risk of related AR may be lower.The infection rate of recipients with decent preoperative development is low.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 230-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993313

ABSTRACT

Liver ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the main causes of liver dysfunction or functional failure after liver transplantation or liver resection. As the main organ of lipid metabolism, liver is closely related to lipid metabolic balance. Lipoxygenase is a non-heme iron-containing oxidases that oxidizes polyunsaturated fatty acids to produce hydroxy-eicosanotetraenoic acid. Lipoxygenase is excessively expressed during liver ischemia, causing lipid metabolic disorders. High expression of several proinflammatory cytokines induced by lipoxygenase during liver reperfusion. Lipid peroxidation induced by lipoxygenase leads to the production of lipid oxygen free radicals, which induces iron death mainly characterized by lipid peroxidation, thus affecting apoptosis and tissue damage. This review mainly introduces the latest progress of lipoxygenase in liver IRI.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 226-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973493

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To systematically review the clinical utilization of robotic bronchoscopes in diagnosis of pulmonary nodules, including MonarchTM and IonTM platforms, and then evaluate the efficacy and safety of the procedure. Methods    PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched by computer for literature about the biopsy of pulmonary nodules with robotic bronchoscope from January 2018 to February 14, 2022. The quality of research was evaluated with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. RevMan 5.4 software was used to conduct the meta-analysis. Results    Finally, 19 clinical studies with 1 542 patients and 1 697 targeted pulmonary nodules were included, of which 13 studies used the IonTM platform and 6 studies used the MonarchTM platform. The overall diagnostic rate of the two systems was 84.96% (95%CI 62.00%-95.00%), sensitivity for malignancy was 81.79%(95%CI 43.00%-96.00%), the mean maximum diameter of the nodules was 16.22 mm (95%CI 10.98-21.47), the mean procedure time was 61.86 min (95%CI 46.18-77.54) and the rate of complications occurred was 4.76% (95%CI 2.00%-15.00%). There was no statistical difference in the outcomes between the two systems. Conclusion     Robotic bronchoscope provides a high efficacy and safety in biopsy of pulmonary nodules, and has a broad application prospect for pulmonary nodules diagnosis.

17.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 115-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971474

ABSTRACT

Ex vivo culture-amplified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been studied because of their capacity for healing tissue injury. MSC transplantation is a valid approach for promoting the repair of damaged tissues and replacement of lost cells or to safeguard surviving cells, but currently the efficiency of MSC transplantation is constrained by the extensive loss of MSCs during the short post-transplantation period. Hence, strategies to increase the efficacy of MSC treatment are urgently needed. Iron overload, reactive oxygen species deposition, and decreased antioxidant capacity suppress the proliferation and regeneration of MSCs, thereby hastening cell death. Notably, oxidative stress (OS) and deficient antioxidant defense induced by iron overload can result in ferroptosis. Ferroptosis may inhibit cell survival after MSC transplantation, thereby reducing clinical efficacy. In this review, we explore the role of ferroptosis in MSC performance. Given that little research has focused on ferroptosis in transplanted MSCs, further study is urgently needed to enhance the in vivo implantation, function, and duration of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Iron Overload/metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 250-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of the first-day suspension method for improving the success rate of construction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-patient derived organoids (NPC-PDO). Methods: The tumor samples of 14 nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients, i.e.,13 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 43.0±12.0 years old, were collected from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2022 to July 2022. The tumor samples of 3 patients were digested into single cell suspension and divided into 2 groups, for comparing the efficacy of NPC-PDO construction by the direct inoculation method and the first-day suspension method. The remaining 11 patients were randomized to receive either the direct inoculation method or the first-day suspension method for NPC-PDO construction. The diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the two methods were compared by optical microscope; the 3D cell viability detection kit was used to compare the cell viability; the survival rates were compared by trypan blue staining; the success rates of the two construction methods were compared; the number of cases which could be successfully passaged for more than 5 generations and were consistent with the original tissue by pathological examination was counted; and the dynamic changes of cells in suspension overnight were observed by live cell workstation. The independent sample t-test was applied to compare the measurement data of the two groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare the classification data. Results: Compared with the direct inoculation, the diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the first-day suspension method were increased, with a higher cell activity, and the success rate of construction was obviously improved (80.0% vs 16.7%, χ2=4.41, P<0.05). In the suspension state, some of the cells aggregated and increased their ability to proliferate. Conclusion: The first-day suspension method can improve the success rate of NPC-PDO construction, especially for those whose original tumor sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , China , Microscopy , Organoids , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 345-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960964

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the efficacy of moderate and high myopia patients with vault greater than 1 000μm after implantation of phakic posterior chamber implantable contact lens(ICL).METHODS: A total of 42 patients(73 eyes)who received ICL implantation in the hospital and had postoperative vault greater than 1 000 μm between January 2014 and January 2017 were selected and retrospectively studied. Changes in visual acuity, intraocular pressure, corneal endothelial cell density, anterior chamber-related parameters(chamber angle, central anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume)and vault were compared among patients before surgery, at 1, 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery and at the last follow-up.RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA)at 1, 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery and at the last follow-up was better than that before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and the chamber angle, central anterior chamber depth and anterior chamber volume were smaller or lower than those before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), but there were no statistical differences in UCVA, chamber angle, central anterior chamber depth and anterior chamber volume at each time point after surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The intraocular pressure at 1mo after surgery was lower than that before surgery(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), but the intraocular pressure at 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery and at the last follow-up was not statistically different from that before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). There was no statistical significance in the corneal endothelial cell density at 1, 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery and at the last follow-up compared with that before surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). The vault at 1, 3, 6mo and 1a after surgery and at the last follow-up showed a decreasing trend, and the difference was statistically significant at each time point after surgery(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The short-term and long-term efficacy are better in moderate and high myopia patients with vault greater than 1 000 μm after ICL implantation, and there are no significant effects on the intraocular pressure and corneal endothelial cell. The postoperative anterior chamber structure is relatively stable and the vault tends to decrease over time. In most cases, close observation is sufficient and intraocular lens replacement is generally not required.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 70-76, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960707

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical characteristics of acute-on-chronic liver failure in patients with recompensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods A total of 180 patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure hospitalized in Tianjin Third Central Hospital from September 2013 to September 2021 were retrospectively collected, with 110 patients had compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis and 70 patients had compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis and used as the control. Their causes, clinical biochemical indicators, complication rate, and prognosis were compared. The Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical variables between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was performed for analysis of the continuous variables. Kaplan-Meier curves and Log-rank test were used for survival of patients. Results The incidence of hepatorenal syndrome ( χ 2 =4.618, P =0.032), infection ( χ 2 =6.712, P =0.010), Cr ( Z =-4.508, P < 0.001), and PCT ( Z =-2.052, P =0.040) were all higher, whereas GGT ( Z =-2.042, P =0.041), Na ( Z =-2.001, P =0.045), FBS ( Z =-3.065, P =0.002), and TC ( Z =-4.268, P < 0.001) were all lower in the recompensation group than in the control group of patients. However, 90-day mortality rate ( χ 2 =3.366, P =0.067) and 1-year mortality rate ( χ 2 =1.893, P =0.169), 90-day survival ( χ 2 =2.68, P =0.100), and 1-year survival ( χ 2 =2.074, P =0.150) were not statistically significant difference. Conclusion Compared with compensatory hepatitis B cirrhosis, patients with recompensatory cirrhosis had an increased risk in developing hepatorenal syndrome, infection, and increased creatinine level after acute-on-chronic liver failure, although there was no statistically significant difference in 90-days and 1-year survival of patients.

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