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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 249-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971864

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of low frequency or high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on right Broca's homologue in stroke patients with nonfluent aphasia. MethodsFrom January, 2019 to August, 2022, 80 inpatients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 20), sham stimulation group (n = 20), low-frequency (1 Hz) rTMS (LF-rTMS) group (n = 20) and high-frequency (10 Hz) rTMS (HF-rTMS) group (n = 20). All the patients received routine language therapy. LF-rTMS group and HF-rTMS group received ten days of rTMS (1 Hz or 10 Hz), and the sham group received ten days of sham rTMS. The Western Aphasia Battery (WAB) was used to evaluate the language function before, after treatment, and two months after treatment. ResultsBefore treatment, there was no significant difference in the scores of WAB among four groups (P > 0.05). All the scores improved in the four groups immediately after treatment and two months after treatment (P < 0.05). Compared with immediately after treatment, all the scores of WAB improved in LF-rTMS group (P < 0.05), and the scores of recall, name and aphasia quotient (AQ) improved in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05) two months after treatment. Immediately after treatment, the scores of content and fluency, auditory comprehension and AQ were higher in LF-rTMS group than in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05). Two months after treatment, the scores of content and fluency were higher in LF-rTMS group than in HF-rTMS group (P < 0.05). ConclusionBoth 1 Hz and 10 Hz rTMS could improve the language function of stroke patients with nonfluent aphasia, especially 1 Hz.

2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 50-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923468

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the incidence of Holmes tremor (HT) after stroke and its outcome after medication and rehabilitation. Methods Patients diagnosed as HT after stroke in the ward of neurorehabilitation department from October, 2019 to September, 2021 were reviewed the clinical features, imaging manifestations, drug treatment plan, rehabilitation evaluation scales scores, rehabilitation plan and outcome. Results There were five inpatients with HT (0.7%, 5/715), and all were hemorrhagic stroke, accounting for 1.7% of hemorrhagic stroke. The lesions were located in the midbrain and pons in three cases, cerebellum in one case and thalamus in one case. The tremor appeared 1.5 to seven months after stroke, limited on head and limbs, with other neurological dysfunction. After the comprehensive treatment of drugs and rehabilitation, tremor improved in four cases, and ineffective in one case. The motor and balance function improved less, and the activities of daily living improved somehow. Conclusion The incidence of Holmes tremor is low in stroke patients. The tremor might respond to the treatment, but motor function would not.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 44-49, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923467

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To explore the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), especially lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), for stroke patients in rehabilitating, and the functional outcome. Methods A total of 3 557 stroke patients in the neurological rehabilitation center of Beijing Bo'ai Hospital for stroke rehabilitation from January, 2015 to October, 2020 were reviewed through the electronic medical record system. Demographic characteristics, stroke characteristics (type and location), laboratory data (D-dimer polymer and arterial partial pressure of oxygen), motor function (Brunnstrom stage, Fugl-Meyer Assessment of motor and balance, modified Ashworth Scale score of triceps crus, and Holden Walking Ability Classification), activities of daily living (Barthel Index), and anticoagulant/antiplatelet treatment data were collected and analyzed. Results The incidence of DVT and PE was 28.5% and 1.29%, respectively. Most were found 30 days later after onset. The incidence of PE was higher after ischemic stroke (χ2 = 12.49, P < 0.001) rather than hemorrhagic stroke. The patients with hemispheric stroke, severe lower-extremity paralysis, and poor activities of daily living were more prone to complications associated with VTE. After rehabilitation, the function of stroke patients with PE could be improved (|t| > 4.302, P < 0.001). Conclusion The risk of DVT and PE in patients during stroke convalescence may not be negligible, and those with older age, previous history of thrombosis, severe stroke, and severe limb paralysis may be stratified in high-risk. Following anticoagulation treatment, early individualized comprehensive rehabilitation can be done for patients with PE to improve their function and activities of daily living.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1327-1332, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of melodic intonation therapy combined with speech training on nonfluent aphasia after stroke, and the changes of brain function. Methods:From March, 2017 to August, 2019, 40 patients with nonfluent aphasia after stroke were randomly divided into control group (n = 20) and intensive group (n = 20). Both groups accepted routine speech training, and the intensive group accepted melodic intonation therapy in addition. They were assessed with China Rehabilitation Research Center Chinese Standard Aphasia Examination before and four weeks after treatment. Three patients from each group were examined with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to observe the changes of regional homogeneity (ReHo) of cerebral hemisphere. Results:The scores of comprehension (noun, verb and sentence), repetition (noun and verb), read (noun) and naming (verb) increased in the control group (t > 2.221, P < 0.05), while it increased in comprehension (noun, verb and sentence), repetition (noun, verb and sentence), reading (noun and verb) and naming (noun and verb) in the intensive group (t > 2.179, P < 0.05). The scores of repetition (noun and verb) increased more in the intensive group than in the control group (t > 2.299, P < 0.05), and the scores of reading (sentence) increased somehow. The ReHo in left cerebellum and temporal occipital area increased and the ReHo in bilateral frontal and temporal cortex decreased after treatment. Conclusion:Melodic intonation therapy based on speech therapy can promote the recovery of speech function for patients with nonfluent aphasia after stroke, especially in sentence reading and words repetition. The changes of the ReHo in resting state may associate with the neurological repairment after brain injury.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 55-59, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867821

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the reliability of novel 3D classification of intertrochanteric fractures by comparing the consistency between conventional and novel classifications.Methods Included for the present study were the preoperative X-ray and CT images of 189 patients with intertrochanteric fracture who had been hospitalized at Department of Orthopaedics,Beijing Chao Yang Hospital,Capital Medical University from 1 January,2017 to 1 January,2019.The patients' intertrochanteric fractures were classified by 6 orthopedic surgeons independently using Evans classification,Jensen classification,AO classification and novel 3D classification,respectively.One month later,the original images of the 189 patients were renumbered and classified again in the same way.The Kappa values between observers and within observers were calculated for the classifications of intertrochanteric fractures based on X-ray and CT images.Results In Evans classification,Jensen classification,AO classification and novel 3D classification,the interobserver Kappa values of X-ray films were 0.54 ± 0.03,0.53 ± 0.03,0.45 ± 0.03 and 0.63 ± 0.02,respectively,and the interobserver Kappa values of the CT images were 0.49 ± 0.03,0.49 ± 0.03,0.44 ± 0.04 and 0.63 ± 0.03.The intraobserver Kappa values of the X-ray films were 0.53 ± 0.02,0.54 ± 0.03,0.44 ±0.04 and 0.65 ± 0.02,respectively,and the intraobserver Kappa values of the CT images were 0.52 ± 0.03,0.52 ±0.03,0.41 ±0.02 and 0.64 ±0.03.In the novel classification based on X-ray and CT images,the interobserver and intraobserver Kappa values were both significantly higher than those in Evans,Jensen and AO classifications (P < 0.05).Conclusion The novel 3D classification of intertrochanteric fractures is more reliable than the conventional ones.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 201-205, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the methods and effects of judging and surgically correcting the Asian wide and bulbous nasal tip.Methods:For shrinking the tip of nose and making the nose look more harmonious, we not only dealt with the nasal tip, also the nasal dorsum, nasal alar, nasal threshold, inside pedal and nasal base. In two years, we measured the changes before and after operation in 60 patients (10 males and 50 females, age arange from 18 to 48 years, with average of 29 years. Group A included 30 cases, using auricular cartilage and nasal septum as support; Group B included 30 cases and costal cartilage was used.Results:The prominence of nasal tip, the length of nose were increased ( t=20.831, 13.029, P<0.05); the width of the nose and nasal aral basal and nasal tips were reduced ( t=8.461, 11.877, 16.122, P<0.05). After the follow-up, 55 patients were satisfied, 3 were dissatisfied, and 2 were lost to follow-up. Conclusions:The nasal tip hypertrophy is obviously corrected by using this procedure with a natural and harmonious appearance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 59-61, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905741

ABSTRACT

In recent years, there are several novel technics applied for unilateral spatial neglect, such as mirror neuron therapy, virtual reality, non-invasive brain stimulation, prism adaptation, occupational therapy, scalp acupuncture, body acupuncture, electroacupuncture and acupressure, etc.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 930-935, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905661

ABSTRACT

Aphasia is the most common language communication disorder after stroke, which has a great impact on the work, life and social interaction of patients. The mechanism of brain recovery in aphasia is mainly to restore language function by regulating the synaptic plasticity of the brain and remolding the network of language function areas. Neuromodulation techniques based on brain network remodeling have been shown to be effective at the early and recovery stages of aphasia. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and mirror neuron therapy (MNT) are neuromodulation techniques that have been developed rapidly in recent years. They can directly or indirectly affect the cerebral cortex by electrical or chemical means, causing cortical excitability changes in the relevant language functional areas, so as to improve the language function of aphasic patients (listening comprehension, picture naming, repetition, daily communication, etc.). tDCS, as a safe, convenient and non-invasive neuro-regulation technology, can regulate the activity of brain neurons through different currents and electrode placement to treat aphasia, and the effect has remained in the follow-up. TMS technology is safe and non-invasive. Through the selection of different frequencies, stimulation sites, it can activate the corresponding cerebral cortex and subcortical axons, and improve the language function of aphasia patients. The damaged language network can be repaired and reshaped by activating mirror neurons, so as to improve the language functions of patients, such as naming, repetition, listening and comprehension. The relationship between mirror neurons and motor, sensation and language can be used as entry point for treatment of aphasia. The application of neuromodulation techniques to neuroelectrophysiology and neuroimaging has become a new direction in treatment of aphasia.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 524-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905585

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Kinesio Taping guided therapy on facial paralysis and salivation after stroke. Methods:From January to July, 2018, 30 patients with central facial palsy were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and observation group (n = 15). The control group accepted ice stimulation, facial massage, facial muscle function training and low-frequency electrical stimulation, while the observation group accepted Kinesio Taping of "Y" or "O" shape alternately during massage and facial muscle function training, and kept taping for a day if possible. They were assessed with Teacher Drooling Scale (TDS), House-Brackmann (H-B) Scale and Facial Nerve Function Scale before and four weeks after treatment. Results:Both groups improved in the scores of TDS, H-B Scale and Facial Nerve Function Scale after treatment (Z > 2.460, t > 4.971, P < 0.05), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (Z > 2.817, t > 4.964, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Kinesio Taping guided therapy is effective on central facial paralysis and salivation after stroke.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 524-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Kinesio Taping guided therapy on facial paralysis and salivation after stroke. Methods:From January to July, 2018, 30 patients with central facial palsy were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and observation group (n = 15). The control group accepted ice stimulation, facial massage, facial muscle function training and low-frequency electrical stimulation, while the observation group accepted Kinesio Taping of "Y" or "O" shape alternately during massage and facial muscle function training, and kept taping for a day if possible. They were assessed with Teacher Drooling Scale (TDS), House-Brackmann (H-B) Scale and Facial Nerve Function Scale before and four weeks after treatment. Results:Both groups improved in the scores of TDS, H-B Scale and Facial Nerve Function Scale after treatment (Z > 2.460, t > 4.971, P < 0.05), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (Z > 2.817, t > 4.964, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Kinesio Taping guided therapy is effective on central facial paralysis and salivation after stroke.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1090-1094, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923845

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation on ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy at recovery stage. Methods From January, 2014 to December, 2016, the general data, rehabilitation evaluation, main problems, rehabilitation methods and the functional scores from 28 patients with ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy were retrospectively analyzed.Results The patients improved in the scores of Mini-Mental State Examination, motor function and balance of Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Holden Gait Classification and modified Barthel Index after rehabilitation (Z>2.588, P<0.05).Conclusion The patients with ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy may be benefited from comprehensive rehabilitation in cognition, motor function, walking and activities of daily living, etc.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1469-1477, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687672

ABSTRACT

The delta-12 fatty acid desaturase (Δ¹² FAD or FAD2) is a key enzyme that catalyzes oleic acid to linoleic acid by dehydrogenation at Δ¹² position of fatty acid carbon chain. In peanut, reduction or loss of FAD2 activity could enhance the relative content of oleic acid in kernels, and improve the quality and oxidation stability of peanut kernels and products. RNA interference (RNAi) technology could lead to non-expression or down-regulated expression of AhFAD2 gene. We constructed two RNA interference expression vectors with the inverted repeat sequence of partial AhFAD2 gene, which were driven separately by cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter or soybean agglutinin lectin seed-specific promoter. Homozygous transgenic lines carrying the two constructs stably in genetics were developed by peanut genetic transformation. There were no significant differences between the transgenic lines and the control through investigating the main agronomic traits. We analyzed the transcriptional level expression of AhFAD2 gene in transgenic lines and the control by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The results suggested that the target genes of transgenic lines were likely suppressed by RNA interference, but showed different transcriptional levels in different peanut transgenic lines. Compared with untransformed lines, the resulting down-regulation of AhFAD2 gene resulted in a 15.09% or 36.40% increase in oleic acid content in the seeds of transformed HY23 and FH1 lines respectively, and the content of linoleic acid decreased by 16.19% or 29.81%, correspondingly, the ratio of oleic acid and linoleic acid (O/L) improved by 38.02%, 98.10%. The oleic acid content had significant differences between the two transformation constructs, and also among different transgenic lines. Moreover, the inhibition effect of RNAi was more obvious in the transgenic lines with FH1 as the receptor, and with transformation structure driven by seed specific promoter. The suppressed expression of AhFAD2 gene enabled the development of peanut fatty acid, which indicated that RNA interference would be a reliable technique for the genetic modification of peanut seed quality and the potential for improvement of other traits as well.

13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 113-117, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691038

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>Distal radial fracture is one of the most common fractures. Up to now, locking plates (LP) and external fixation (EF) are two conventional surgical approaches to type C radius fracture. Which method is superior has not yet reached a consensus. We try to assess the clinical effectiveness of the two interventions by this meta-analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used network to search the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Medical Library of randomized controlled clinical trials about the type C distal radius fractures performed according to the search strategy mentioned in Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 from Jan. 2005 to Jan. 2016. Patients in the experimental group were used LP, in the control group were included EF and other surgical approaches. Publication language was restricted to English. Studies that patient population and surgical indication did not define had been excluded. Studies must report at least one of the outcomes as follow: radial inclination, palmar tilt, ulnar variance, range of wrist flexion and extension, and range of wrist supination and pronation. The trials in which participants included children were excluded. We used Jadad study scores to appraise the study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven studies included 162 patients (LP group) and 190 patients (EF group). We compared the radial inclination, palmar tilt, ulnar variance, range of wrist flexion and extension, and range of wrist supination and pronation. The radial inclination were revealed a difference favoring LP over EF [WMD = 1.84, 95% CI (0.17, 3.50), p = 0.03] and the palmar tilt and ulnar variance was no significant difference between the two groups [(WMD = 3.61, 95% CI (0.00, 7.23), p = 0.05; WMD = 0.05, 95% CI (-0.99, 1.09), p = 0.93]. The functional activities of range of flexion and extension and range of supination and pronation between the two groups was no difference [WMD = 10.04, 95% CI (-6.88, 26.96), p = 0.24; WMD = 12.53, 95% CI (-9.99, 35.06), p = 0.28].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Locking plate and external fixation is feasible to heal radius type C fracture. We found the small difference between the two groups on imaging examination. The locking plate has the advantage on maintaining reduction, however no significant difference regarding outcomes has been found between the two groups.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Radius Fractures , General Surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
14.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 5323-5326, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of botulinumtoxin type A (Botox-A) combined with electromyographic biofeedback therapy on the upper limb muscle spasm after stroke.Methods:86 cases of patients with upper limb muscle spasm after stroke in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2017 were selected and divided into the observation group and the control group,with 43 cases in each group.Patients in the control group were treated with electromyographic biofeedback therapy,and the observation group was treated with Botox-A based on the basis of control group.The improvement of upper limb muscle spasm,Upper limb movement function,the active range of wrist joint and life skills before and after treatment were compared between two groups.Results:After treatment,the total effective rate of improvement of upper limb muscle spasm of observation group were significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05);At 2 weeks and 4 weeks after treatment,the Fugl-Meyer scores,Wrist joint activities,modified Barthel index (MBI) of two groups were significantly higher than those before treatment (P<0.05),which were significantly higher in the observation group than those of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Botox-Acombined with electromyographic biofeedback therapy had remarkable clinical effect on the upper limb muscle spasm after stroke,which could effectively reduce the upper limb spasticity,improve the arm and wrist movement ability and the ability of daily life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 24-30, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508344

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and indications of kyphoplasty with movement and secondary en?largement of balloon for the compression fracture of vertebral body with ruptured posterior wall. Methods A retrospective analy?sis was carried out on the data of 29 patients (10 males, 19 females;age range:55-86 years old;mean age:71 years old;29 verte?bral bodies in total) who suffered from compression fracture of the thoracolumbar spine and below, and underwent kyphoplasty through the movement and secondary enlargement of balloon within the vertebral body and were followed up from January 2011 to November 2014. These patients had backache, accompanied by lowered support, limitation of movement, no symptom of nervous lesion on both lower extremities and no past history of balloon kyphoplasty. All fractured vertebral bodies were at T 11 or below, in?cluding 1 case at T11, 4 cases T12, 11 cases L1, 9 cases L2 and 4 cases L3. The causes of injury included fall (19 cases), car accident (8 cases) and unknown reasons (2 cases). All patients underwent kyphoplasty with the movement and secondary enlargement of bal?loon within the vertebral body. Photos were taken immediately after the surgery, at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months, and these patients were assessed and analyzed in terms of vertebral height, Cobb angle, visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI). Results The operation time (including the formation and solidification of bone cement) of 29 patients was 40 to 65 min and the mean time was 55 ± 7 min;the blood loss during operation was 2 to 15 ml and the mean blood loss was 5 ± 2 ml;the injected volume of bone cement was 2.5-7.5 ml and the mean volume was 5.5±0.5 ml. Post?operative pain was relieved and ambulation was performed under the protection of lumbar orthosis brace. Statstical analysis was conducted on VAS, ODI, vertebral height and Cobb angle before operation and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation, showing statistically significant differences. X ray examination found that there was no alternation or displacement of bone cement location, and no change in vertebral morphology, the vertebral height and cobb angle remained the post?operative status, and posterior wall rupture of the vertebral body was recovered well. CT revealed that the morphology of bone cement was irregular and closely integrated with bone substance, and no cavity or fissure was seen. Conclusion Kyphoplasty with movement and secondary enlargement of bal?loon within the vertebral body has a good, definite clinical efficacy in treating compression vertebral fracture with incomplete pos?terior wall of the vertebral body without obvious displacement of fractured bone and symptom of nervous lesion on both lower ex?tremities. This surgery is easy to operate, and has an immediate analgesic effect, which could recover vertebral height as well as re?duce kyphosis deformity and improve patient’s prognosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 123-127, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494197

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the selection of operative method and peri operative managements for osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients aged over 75 years.Methods A total of 132 consecutive patients aged 75-91 years with osteoporotic intertrochanteric fractures from July 2009 to July 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.47 patients were treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS group),44 patients with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA group) and 41 patients with Gamma Ⅲ nail (Gamma Ⅲ group).The peri-operative managements,operation circumstance,the time for fracture union,postoperative complications and the degree of functional recovery were analyzed and compared between the 3 groups.Results The mean surgical time was shorter in Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group [(68.7±9.1) min,(80.5±11.3) min vs (112.2±18.4) min,both P<0.01].The mean blood loss was less in the Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than in DHS group[(156.9±18.5) ml,(183.4±21.3) ml vs (296.2±29.6) ml,both P<0.01].The mean time for fracture healing was shorter in Gamma [Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups than inDHSgroup [(12.6±2.4) weeks,(13.1±2.4) weeks vs (15.3±3.2) weeks,both P< 0.05],and it has no obvious difference between Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (P>0.05).There were significant differences in postoperative complications between Gamma Ⅲ nail,PFNA groups and DHS group (2 cases,3 cases vv 11 cases,P<0.05,respectively).The mean Harris hip score had no significantly difference among DHS,Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA groups (87.4±11.6,90.2±13.0 vs 88.9±12.3,both P>0.05).Conclusions The 3 operative methods for stable intertrochanteric fracture are feasible and effective in elderly patients,but for unstable intertrochanteric fractures,the treatment with Gamma Ⅲ nail and PFNA has advantages.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1850-1855, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251292

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Open reduction and internal fixation with plate and screws are the gold standard for the surgical treatment of humeral shaft fractures, this study was to compare the mechanical properties of anteromedial, anterolateral, and posterior plating for humeral shaft fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A distal third humeral shaft fracture model was constructed using fourth-generation sawbones (#3404, composite bone). A total of 24 sawbones with a distal third humeral shaft fracture was randomly divided into three Groups: A, B, and C (n = 8 in each group) for anteromedial, anterolateral, and posterior plating, respectively. All sawbones were subjected to horizontal torsional fatigue tests, horizontal torsional and axial compressive fatigue tests, four-point bending fatigue tests in anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions and horizontal torsional destructive tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the horizontal torsional fatigue tests, the mean torsional angle amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 6.12°, 6.53°, and 6.81°. In horizontal torsional and axial compressive fatigue tests, the mean torsional angle amplitude in Groups A, B, and C were 5.66°, 5.67°, and 6.36°. The mean plate displacement amplitude was 0.05 mm, 0.08 mm, and 0.10 mm. Group A was smaller than Group C (P < 0.05). In AP four-point bending fatigue tests, the mean plate displacement amplitude was 0.16 mm, 0.13 mm, and 0.20 mm. Group B was smaller than Group C (P < 0.05). In ML four-point bending fatigue tests, the mean plate displacement amplitude were 0.16 mm, 0.19 mm, and 0.17 mm. In horizontal torsional destructive tests, the mean torsional rigidity in Groups A, B, and C was 0.82, 0.75, and 0.76 N·m/deg. The yielding torsional angle was 24.50°, 25.70°, and 23.86°. The mean yielding torque was 18.46, 18.05, and 16.83 N·m, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Anteromedial plating was superior to anterolateral or posterior plating in all mechanical tests except in AP four-point bending fatigue tests compared to the anterolateral plating group. We can suggest that anteromedial plating is a clinically safe and effective way for humeral shaft fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Humerus , General Surgery , Models, Anatomic , Stress, Mechanical
18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 313-317,封4, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605316

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of brief ischemic on fracture healing.Methods Two hundred and forty wistar rats (weight was 200 g and half male) were made the right tibial midpiece closed fracture model.1.0 mm K-wires were used to fix the fractures.Rats were divided into 4 groups.Group A was 24 hours,group B was 48 hours,group C was 72 hours,and group D was the control group.Tourniquet was used on the root of the thigh of right lower limb.Tourniquet was inflated 10 min,then released 10 min,and repeated 3 times to make the brief ischemic model.48 rats were made brief ischemic at 24 hours after the fracture fixed.Then group A was at every 24 hours,group B was at every 48 hours,and group C was at every 72 hours made brief ischemic.Group D at every 24 hours after the fracture fixed was used tourniquet on the root of thigh of right lower limb each time 1 hour,but the tourniquet was not inflated.Group A,B,and C were made brief ischemic 5 weeks.Group D was tourniquet treated 5 weeks.Group A and D at 1 day,3 days,5 days,and 7 days after fracture fixed were detected the serum VEGF.All groups of rats were X-ray examinated and detected of serum VEGF at every two weeks after the fracture fixed.Every two weeks,every group randomly selected 12 rats to do immunohistochemical staining.We used the Image Pro Plus software to quantitative compare the IGF-2 positive cells in the fracture area.Results X-ray results were used three points method for analyzing.The scores of group A,B,and C were significantly higher than group D at 2 weeks,4 weeks,6 weeks after fracture fixed (P < 0.05).The scores between group A,B,and C were no significant statistical difference at 2 weeks,4 weeks,6 weeks after fracture fixed (P > 0.05).The levels of serum VEGF of group A were significantly higher than group D at 3days,5days,and 7 days after fracture fixed (P < 0.05).The levels of serum VEGF of group B and C were obviously higher than group A and D at 2 weeks (P < 0.05),and there was no obvious difference between group B and C (P =0.79,P =0.90,P =0.88).The same result was found between group A and D (P =0.94,P =0.551,P =0.53).There were no significant difference between four groups on the levels of serum VEGF at 8 weeks (P =0.66).Immunohistochemical results were that group B,group C VEGF positive cells were significantly higher than group A and group D at 2 weeks,4 weeks,6 weeks (P <0.05).There was no significant difference in group B and group C (P =0.19,P =0.10,P =0.38),or group A and group D (P =0.07,P =0.17,P =0.18).There was no significantly different in four groups at 8 weeks (P =0.08).Conclusions Brief ischemic can promote the healing of fracture and stimulate the expression of VEGF.The mechanism may be related to the signal channels of VEGF and other biological factors.This study will give new idea to clinic for promoting fracture healing.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 146-151, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486775

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of low dose lipopolysaccharide ( LPS ) preconditioning on prevention of incision infection by drug-resistant bacteria.Methods Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ( MRSA) suspension with concentration of 1.8 ×109 CFU/mL was prepared.Sixty BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups (12 in each group, half male and half female).A medical longitudinal incision of the right thigh was made in mice in group 1-4, and 1, 0.5, 0.25 and 0 mL bacteria suspension was dropped on the surface of the incision and the incision was observed 4d after the model established.Group 5 was the blank control.Then 112 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 7 groups ( each group had sixteen mice, half male and half female ): group A ( preconditioned with LPS 0.25 mg· kg-1· time-1), group B ( preconditioned with LPS 0.5 mg · kg-1 · time-1 ), group C (preconditioned with LPS 1 mg· kg-1 · time-1 ), group D (preconditioned with LPS 1.5 mg· kg-1 · time-1 ) , group E ( preconditioned with sterile normal saline) , group F ( incision infected) , and group G ( blank control) .LPS was given by intraperitoneal injection 48 h and 24 h before the establishing of the infection model.Body temperature was monitored every day after the model established, blood routine examination was performed on d3 and d7, and serum cytokines was detected on d7.All the mice were sacrificed on d7, and soft tissues around the incision were taken for hematoxylin-eosin staining.Repeated measures ANOVA and univariate ANOVA were performed for data analysis. Results Redness and suppuration were observed in 6 mice infected with 0.5 mL bacteria suspension, respectively, then 0.5 mL bacteria suspension was used for LPS preconditioning experiments.With LPS preconditioning, the body temperatures of mice in group B were with relatively minor changes, and the rises of white blood cells and lymphocytes on d3 and d7 were relatively modest.Granulocytes in group B returned to the normal level on d7.Besides, the rises of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-αin group B were also less, while IL-10 was increased greatly.Suppuration was observed in 4 mice in group B ( 4/16, 25.00%), and the rate was lower than group D, E and F (χ2 =7.988, 19.940 and 19.940,P<0.01). Conclusion LPS (0.5 mg· kg-1 · time-1 ) preconditioning can reduce the severity of incision infection caused by MRSA in mice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 88-95, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485830

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty on curing vertebral?compression fractures. Methods From January 2009 to September 2013, 84 patients (94 vertebral bodies) with vertebral compression were treated by percutaneous kyphonplasty. All were fresh fractures and were injured or obvious low back pain 1 month, accompanied by local tenderness, kowtow attack painful, lumbar mobility, but no lower extremity injury numbness, activities and defecation disorders. After randomization, the double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty method was used to treat 44 patients (49 vertebrae). In the process of performing percutaneous unilateral pedicle puncture and balloon dilata?tion of the vertebral body, the balloon has been moved some distance in the vertebral body. Then completed the perfusion of bone cement, vertebral body forming. 40 cases (45 vertebrae) were used conventional unilateral percutaneous kyphonplasty to vertebtal compression fractures. Recorded the operation time, amount of bleeding, bone?cement injection volume. Used visual analogue scale (VAS), the height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle to evaluated the curative effect. Results All 84 patients completed the operation, follow?up time was 22 months (18-24 months). In two mobile open expansion group, the operation time was about 48 min. The amount of bleeding was 8-15 ml. The average bone?cement injection volume was 5.1 ml. No patients quit the study and no bone cement?leakage cases or other side effects were observed , and no clinical accidents occurred. In a single stretching group, 40 cases (45 vertebrae) completed conventional vertebroplasty, the time of 44 min, bone cement average injection rate 3.2 ml, bleeding 10-15 ml. In two mobile open expansion group, the VAS score was 8.5 points, the height of the vertebral body height was 2.1cm, and the Cobb angle was 34°. After operation, the VAS score 2.9 points, the height of the vertebral body 2.8 cm, and Cobb 20° . In the other group, the pain was significantly relieved and the relief was satisfactor after operation.Vertebral height of 2 cm turned to the last follow?up of 2.4 cm. The Cobb angle was 32°, and the last follow?up was 27°. The VAS score, operation time and bleeding volume of the two groups were not statistically significant, and a statistically significant difference of the average bone ce?ment injection volume, postoperative vertebral height and cobb angle improved with statistical significance. A single open group were 2 cases of bone cement leakage and leakage, 1 cases of bone cement tail, the complication rate was 5.6%. Conclusion The application of double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty to vertebral?compression fractures improve relocation of verte?bral compression fractures, increase recovery of vertebral height, and more effectively strengthen and stiffen pathological vertebral bodies, while improving kyphosis. Moreover, it can reduce pressure during bone?cement injections, minimizing the chance of over?flow and leakage, as well as the related side effects, but it will also result in an increase of bone cement?injection volume.

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