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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 329-336, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933552

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate changes in skin microecological structures and functions between acute and remission phases in adult patients with severe atopic dermatitis (AD) .Methods:From October 2019 to November 2020, skin scale specimens were collected from 5 body sites (cheeks, cubital fossa, back of the hand, abdomen, lower limbs) of 4 adult patients with severe AD in the acute and remission phases, who visited the outpatient clinic of Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology. The next-generation high-throughput sequencing was performed for metagenomic sequencing to construct the microbial gene catalogue of these specimens, followed by gene annotation and bioinformatics analysis for each sample.Results:A total of 18 phyla, 37 classes, 73 orders, 142 families, 237 genera, and 331 species were identified in the skin specimens from the 4 patients with severe AD. The patients with AD in the remission phase showed significantly increased diversity of skin microbiota and markedly different relative abundance of skin microorganisms compared with those in the acute phase (both P < 0.05). At the microbial species level, Staphylococcus aureus showed the highest impact on the acute phase of AD, while Staphylococcus epidermidis, Moraxella osloensis, Francisella sp., Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus warneri, Malassezia globosa and Malassezia restricta were enriched in the remission phase of AD with the absolute value of the common logarithm of the linear discriminant analysis score > 2 (Kruksal-Wallis test, all P < 0.05). As KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed, the differentially abundant genes were annotated into a total of 355 functional pathways, of which 38 pathways were significantly enriched (all P < 0.05), mainly involving Staphylococcus aureus infection, tryptophan metabolism, histidine metabolism, nitrogen metabolism, metabolism of arginine and proline, biosynthesis and degradation of valine, leucine and isoleucine, fatty acid degradation, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling pathway, etc. Conclusion:The skin microecological structure significantly differed between the acute and remission phases among the patients with severe AD, which may be related to multiple functional pathways, such as Staphylococcus aureus infection, tryptophan metabolism, histidine metabolism and nitrogen metabolism.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 734-741, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression of microRNA (miR)-214-3p in plasma exosomes in different types of uveal melanoma (UM) and evaluate whether miR-214-3p is a potential molecular biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of UM.Methods:Twenty-five UM in situ patients who received the enucleation of eyeball were enrolled at Beijing Tongren Hospital from December 2015 to October 2019, including 10 with epithelioid cell melanoma and 10 with spindle cell melanoma as well as 5 metastatic UM patients (1 with spindle cell-like melanoma and 4 with epithelioid cell-like melanoma) and 10 healthy subjects were enrolled during the same period.Blood sample was collected from all the subjects for the isolation of plasma exosomes.The morphology of exosomes was examined under the electron microscope.The exsomal marker proteins were identified by Western blot.The expression level of miR-214-3p in plasma exosomes was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The differential expression of miR-214-3p among different types of UM patients and healthy controls was compared.The diagnostic and classification performance of exosomal miR-214-3p was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering the study cohort.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Capital Medical Univeristy (No.TRECKY2018-056).Results:The isolated exosomes were hemispherical in shape with a concavity on one side.The diameter of the exosomes was about 100 nm and the particle diameter of vesicles from samples was (82.0±2.7) nm.TSG101 protein was detectable and Calnexin protein was not found in the exosomes.The relative expression levels of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p in healthy control group, in situ UM group and metastatic UM group were 0.86(0.57, 1.49), 0.24(0.10, 0.67), and 0.43(0.23, 0.56), respectively.The miR-214-3p relative expression level in plasma exosomes of in situ UM patients and metastatic UM patients was significantly lower than that of healthy controls, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.62, P<0.01; Z=2.08, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of exosomal miR-214-3p in spindle cell-like UM group and epithelioid cell-like UM group were 0.11(0.07, 0.64) and 0.46(0.14, 0.91), respectively, and no significant difference was found in the expression level of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p among different types of UM (all at P>0.05). The area under the curve of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p for UM diagnosis was 0.795. Conclusions:Plasma exosomal miR-214-3p level is significantly reduced in both in situ UM patients and metastatic UM patients.Plasma exosomal miR-214-3p is a new potential diagnostic biomarker for UM, but the exosomal miR-214-3p appears to not be able to distinguish the types of UM.

3.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 201-205, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939137

ABSTRACT

Babesia microti is one of the most common causative agents of babesiosis. A sensitive and rapid detection is necessary for screening potentially infected individuals. In this study, B. microti cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) was selected as the target gene, multiple primers were designed, and optimized by a recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) assay. The optimal primers and probe were labeled with fluorescein. The sensitivity of fluorescent RAA (fRAA) was evaluated using gradient diluents of the cox1 recombinant plasmid and genomic DNA extracted from whole blood of B. microti infected mice. The specificity of fRAA was assessed by other transfusion transmitted parasites. The analytical sensitivity of the fRAA assay was 10 copies of recombinant plasmid per reaction and 10 fg/µl B. microti genomic DNA. No cross-reaction with any other blood-transmitted parasites was observed. Our results demonstrated that the fRAA assay would be rapid, sensitive, and specific for the detection of B. microti.

4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927863

ABSTRACT

Renal artery thrombosis can cause acute occlusion of unilateral or bilateral renal arteries,and kidney failure would be induced if it is not diagnosed and treated in time.Therefore,rapid and correct treatment is especially important for renal artery thrombosis.Due to the lack of specificity of clinical manifestations,this disease in commonly misdiagnosed or missed and thus has a low early diagnosis rate.Here we report a case of acute renal artery thrombosis to improve the diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Diagnostic Errors/adverse effects , Renal Artery , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
5.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 452-456, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904620

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a fluorescent recombinase-aided isothermal amplification (RAA)-based nucleic acid assay for detection of Leshimania. Methods Specific primers and probes were designed targeting Leishmania internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) gene for RAA assay, and a fluorescent RAA assay was developed for detection of Leishmania following screening of primer pairs and optimization of primer and probe concentrations. The sensitivity of RAA assay for detection of Leishmania was evaluated using recombinant plasmid containing Leishmania ITS1 gene sequences at different copies and Leshimania genomic DNA at different concentrations as templates, and the specificity of RAA assay for detection of Leishmania was evaluated using the genomic DNA of transfusion-transmitted parasites, including Babesia microti, Toxoplasma gondii, Plamodium vivax, P. ovale, P. falciparum, P. malariae, L. donovani and L. infantum. Results After the optimal primer pair was screened from 9 pairs of primer combinations, the final primer and probe concentrations were optimized as 0.3 μmol/L and 0.08 μmol/L, respectively. Nucleic acid detection of Leishmania was completed by the fluorescent RAA assay at an isothermal temperature of 39 °C within 20 min. Remarkable florescent signals were seen within 5 min following RAA detection of genomic DNA of L. donovani and L. infantum, and no cross-reactions were observed with B. microti, T. gondii, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. falciparum or P. malariae. The lowest limitation of detection of the fluorescent RAA assay was 10 copies/μL recombinant plasmid containing Leishmania ITS1 gene sequences and 1 fg/μL Leishmania genomic DNA. Conclusions A rapid, simple, sensitive and specific fluorescent RAA assay is successfully developed for detection of L. donovani and L. infantum, which is effective for field screening of leishmaniasis.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2333-2343, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879195

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different oral Chinese patent medicines combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of primary liver cancer. Randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines for primary liver cancer were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases from inception to May 2020. According to the Cochrane recommendation standard, the quality of the included articles was evaluated, and the data were analyzed by RevMan, R software and GeMTC software. A total of 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 68 RCTs were included. Network Meta-analysis results showed that: as compared with TACE alone, 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with TACE showed advantages in effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence. In the pairwise comparison of oral Chinese patent medicines, the results showed that Cidan Capsules were superior to Jinlong Capsules and Xihuang Pills in 1-year survival rate. According to the probabi-lity ranking results: Shenyi Capsules and Ganfule were more obvious in improving the effective rate; Cidan Capsules and Shenyi Capsules were more effective in improving the 1-year survival rate; Pingxiao Capsules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving 2-year survival rate; Huaier Granules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving the quality of life; Huisheng Oral Liquid and Ganfule were more effective in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions(such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis). The current evidence showed that oral Chinese patent medicine combined with TACE was superior to TACE alone in efficacy and safety. In terms of the effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence, the optimal treatment measures were Shenyi Capsules, Cidan Capsules, Pingxiao Capsules, Huaier Granules and Huisheng Oral Liquid in turn. However, due to the limitations of the research, the current level of evidence is not high, and clear conclusions and evi-dence strength still need to be further verified and improved by high-quality researches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality of Life
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 478-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878996

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huaier Granules in the adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBMdisc, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase were searched by computer to screen out the randomized controlled trial on Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of primary liver cancer from the establishment of the databases to January 2020. Data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted for the included literature. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 software, and evidence quality evaluation was conducted for the outcomes by GRADE profiler software. A total of 24 articles were included, with a total sample size of 2 664 cases. Meta-analysis showed that as compared with Western medicine alone, Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine could improve the objective remission rate(RR=1.38, 95%CI[1.26, 1.51], P<0.000 01), disease control rate(RR=1.29, 95%CI[1.10, 1.52], P=0.002) and 6-month survival rate(RR=1.20, 95%CI[1.10, 1.32], P<0.000 1), 1-year survival rate(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.58], P<0.000 01), 2-year survival rate(RR=1.95, 95%CI[1.28, 2.96], P=0.002), KPS score(MD=17.15, 95%CI[6.47, 27.83], P=0.002) and the improvement rate of KPS score(RR=2.02, 95%CI[1.47, 2.77], P<0.000 1), AFP decline rate(RR=1.40, 95%CI[1.20, 1.62], P<0.000 1), CD3~+(MD=17.34, 95%CI[9.28, 25.40], P<0.000 1), CD4~+(MD=8.62, 95%CI[1.59, 15.64], P=0.02), CD8~+(MD=1.95, 95%CI[-3.93, 7.82], P=0.52), CD4~+/CD8~+(MD=0.42, 95%CI[-0.33, 1.17], P=0.27); reduce the level of AFP(MD=-71.57, 95%CI[-80.42,-62.72], P<0.000 01), recurrence rate(RR=0.76, 95%CI[0.67, 0.85], P<0.000 01), and incidence of adverse reactions(RR=0.60, 95%CI[0.41, 0.89], P=0.01) in patients with primary liver cancer. According to the GRADE system, the evidence for outcome measures was low to very low. The results show that Huaier Granules have certain efficacy and high safety in adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer, but its effect in reducing adverse reactions and improve immunity remains to be verified. Due to the poor quality of the included studies and evidences, the conclusions still need to be further verified by multi-center, large sample, and randomized double-blind controlled studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Complex Mixtures , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Trametes
8.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 920-925, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the imaging characteristics of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and the changes of choroidal capillary density (CCD) in the eyes of patients with high myopia choroidal neovascularization (mCNV).Methods:A case-control study. From January 2018 to October 2020, 50 cases of mCNV patients with 50 eyes (mCNV group) were included in the study. There were 18 males and 32 females; their age was 42.11±11.66 years old. Fifty eyes of 50 patients with normal fundus with matching myopia refractive power (≥6.00 D) were selected as the simple high myopia group, and 50 normal volunteers (refractive power -0.25-0.25 D) while 50 eyes were selected as the normal control group. There was no statistically significant difference in age ( F=0.028) and gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.136) among the three groups of patients ( P>0.05); the difference in best corrected visual acuity was statistically significant ( F=14.762, P=0.004). Compared with mCNV group and pure high myopia group, the refractive index ( t=-0.273) and axial length ( t=0.312) of the examined eyes were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). OCTA instrument was used to measure the CCD in the macular area of the examined eye. Analysis of variance was used for comparison of measurement data among the three groups; χ2 test was used for comparison of categorical variables. The paired t test was performed to compare the CCD of the mCNV patient's eye and the contralateral eye. Results:Among the 50 eyes in the mCNV group, Ⅰ , Ⅱ, and mixed choroidal neovascularization (CNV) were 12 (24%, 12/50), 34 (68%, 34/50), and 4 (8%, 4/50) eyes, respectively. Corresponding to the OCTA cross-sectional image of the lesion, there was a clear "flower cluster" -like strong blood flow signal. Among them, the focal shape, the filament shape, and the group net shape were 6 (12%, 6/50), 8 (11%, 8/50), and 36 (72%, 36/50) eyes, respectively. The CCD of the eyes in the mCNV group, the pure high myopia group, and the normal control group were (57.39±3.24)%, (59.33±2.23)%, and (61.87±1.62)%, respectively. The CCD of the eyes in the mCNV group was significantly lower than that of the simple high myopia group ( P=0.030) and the normal control group ( P<0.001). The CCD of the affected eye and the contralateral eye in the mCNV group were (57.39±3.24)% and (59.82±3.94)%, respectively; there was no statistically significant difference between the CCD of the affected eye and the contralateral eye ( t=-0.496, P=0.100). The CCDs of eyes with Ⅰ, Ⅱ and mixed CNV were (57.38±3.31)%, (57.39±2.83)%, and (57.36±4.21)%, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in CCD ( F=1.476), age ( F=0.274), sex ratio ( χ2=0.825), and diopter ( F=0.348) in different CNV types ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The mCNV is mostly type Ⅱ, and OCTA has a "bloom" appearance of abnormal reticular blood vessels; the CCD is significantly reduced, and it is bilateral.

9.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 333-336, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871749

ABSTRACT

Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope imaging superimpose two or three kinds of lasers to obtain images of different layers of retina, and then synthesize a pseudo-color fundus image by computer. Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope is widely used in outpatient fundus pre-examination and epidemiological screening of large samples due to its features of non-mydriatic, fast imaging, simple operation and high degree of patient cooperation. It has good clinical and scientific application value in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of fundus diseases. Because of there is still a lack of unified standards for laser fundus photos in China, it is necessary to correctly identify the common fundus lesions in confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope and to summarize and popularize the method of reading the photos in layers. In addition, we should give full play to the its advantage of layering and locating, and reasonably choose the combination of OCT, OCT angiography, FFA, ICGA, ultrasonography, so as to maximize its clinical application value and help clinical diagnosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 729-735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796839

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify differentially expressed genes in the transcriptome of the lesional versus nonlesional skin tissues of patients with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis (AD) , and to elucidate their roles in the pathogenesis of AD.@*Methods@#From July to October in 2016, lesional and nonlesional skin tissues were obtained from 5 outpatients of Han nationality with AD in Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology, Institute of Dermatology, Guangzhou Medical University. The next-generation high-throughput transcriptome-wide RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to identify differentially expressed genes, which were subjected to GO function annotation and KEGG pathway analysis. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was conducted to verify differences in candidate gene expression between lesional and nonlesional skin tissues.@*Results@#An average of 10.96 GBs sequence reads were acquired among 10 samples. A total of 21 729 genes were detected, including 19 268 known genes and 2 545 predicted novel genes. A total of 23 153 new transcripts were detected, of which 18 889 were new alternative splicing subtypes of known protein-coding genes, 2 545 were transcripts belonging to new protein-coding genes, and the remaining 1 719 belonged to long-stranded non-coding RNA. Totally, 78 differentially expressed genes were identified between the lesional and nonlesional skin tissues, including 69 upregulated and 11 downregulated genes in the lesional skin tissues. Among them, there were several genes known to be associated with AD inflammation (CXCL1/2/8, IL6/IL1β, MMP1, SERPINB4, S100A2, GZMB, OASL, OSM) and barrier (KRT16, FABP5, CYP1A1) and keratinocyte differentiation (IL-20) . GO analysis revealed that functions of 72 differentially expressed genes could be annotated. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were grouped into 132 signaling pathways, of which 13 were significantly enriched, including the interleukin (IL) -17 pathway, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, etc. qRT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression levels of candidate genes CXCL1, KRT6A, IL36A, SERPINB4 and PSAPL1 was consistent with the transcriptome sequencing results.@*Conclusions@#Differentially expressed genes and related important regulatory signaling pathways were identified between the lesional and nonlesional skin tissues of patients with AD at the transcriptional level, and the IL-17 pathway was found to be mostly enriched in AD lesions in patients of Han nationality. These findings provide an important basis for further study on the pathogenesis of AD..

11.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 729-735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791776

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify differentially expressed genes in the transcriptome of the lesional versus nonlesional skin tissues of patients with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis(AD), and to elucidate their roles in the pathogenesis of AD. Methods From July to October in 2016, lesional and nonlesional skin tissues were obtained from 5 outpatients of Han nationality with AD in Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology, Institute of Dermatology, Guangzhou Medical University. The next-generation high-throughput transcriptome-wide RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to identify differentially expressed genes, which were subjected to GO function annotation and KEGG pathway analysis. Real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR)was conducted to verify differences in candidate gene expression between lesional and nonlesional skin tissues. Results An average of 10.96 GBs sequence reads were acquired among 10 samples. A total of 21729 genes were detected, including 19268 known genes and 2545 predicted novel genes. A total of 23153 new transcripts were detected, of which 18889 were new alternative splicing subtypes of known protein-coding genes, 2545 were transcripts belonging to new protein-coding genes, and the remaining 1719 belonged to long-stranded non-coding RNA. Totally, 78 differentially expressed genes were identified between the lesional and nonlesional skin tissues, including 69 upregulated and 11 downregulated genes in the lesional skin tissues. Among them, there were several genes known to be associated with AD inflammation (CXCL1/2/8, IL6/IL1β, MMP1, SERPINB4, S100A2, GZMB, OASL, OSM) and barrier (KRT16, FABP5, CYP1A1) and keratinocyte differentiation (IL-20). GO analysis revealed that functions of 72 differentially expressed genes could be annotated. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes were grouped into 132 signaling pathways, of which 13 were significantly enriched, including the interleukin(IL)-17 pathway, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, etc. qRT-PCR showed that the mRNA expression levels of candidate genes CXCL1, KRT6A, IL36A, SERPINB4 and PSAPL1 was consistent with the transcriptome sequencing results. Conclusions Differentially expressed genes and related important regulatory signaling pathways were identified between the lesional and nonlesional skin tissues of patients with AD at the transcriptional level, and the IL-17 pathway was found to be mostly enriched in AD lesions in patients of Han nationality. These findings provide an important basis for further study on the pathogenesis of AD. .

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 152-154, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744271

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and hematological changes in patients with acute brucellosis.Methods Using forward-looking design,patients with confirmed diagnosis of acute brucellosis in Jinan Central Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from 2013 to 2016 were involved in the study.Epidemiological characteristics (such as population and distribution) and hematological changes [such as hemoglobin (HB),red blood cell count (RBC),white blood cell count (WBC),platelet count (PLT),mean erythrocyte volume (MCV),mean erythrocyte hemoglobin (MCH),and mean erythrocyte hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)] were studied.Results Totally 62 patients with acute brucellosis were collected,including 45 males and 17 females,the gender ratio of male and female was 2.65:1.00,with an average age of (42.37 ± 12.99) years old;and rural patients (39 cases) were higher than urban patients (23 cases).Among 62 patients with acute brucellosis,HB decreased (anemia) in 15 cases (24.19%),RBC decreased in 38 cases (61.29%),WBC decreased in 9 cases (14.52%),and PLT decreased in 6 cases (9.68%).Fifteen patients with acute brucellosis developed anemia symptoms,MCV was (86.12 ± 4.00) fl,MCH was (28.08 ± 2.01) pg,and MCHC was (325.27 ± 14.48) g/L,all of these values were within the normal reference range,indicating that they were normal cell anemia.Conclusions Of the patients with acute brucellosis,male patients are higher than female patients,and they are mainly rural residents.Hematological changes are mainly manifested as decreased HB,RBC,WBC,PLT.

13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 463-467, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of serum matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) expression before,during,and after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and to investigate the prognostic role of MMP-9. Methods Forty carotid stenosis patients who underwent CEA in the Department of Vascular Surgery,Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February to September 2012 were enrolled in this study. Based on the findings of transcranial doppler monitoring,patients were divided into embolic-positive group and emboli-negative group. Serum samples were obtained from 40 consecutive patients undergoing CEA before operation (pre-op),before de-clamping,30 minutes after de-clamping,and 12 hours after operation (12-h post-op). MMP-9 expression was quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and gelatin zymography. Student's t-test and chi-square test were used to compare the differences between these two groups. Results Of these 40 patients,microemboli were detected in 8 patients. The 12-h post-op MMP-9 level was significantly higher than the pre-op level in the emboli-positive group [(904.27±369.47)ng/ml vs. (333.88±126.32) ng/ml,t=4.132,P=0.001].However,there was no difference between pre-op and 12-h post-op MMP-9 levels in the emboli-negative group [(375.83±194.36) ng/ml vs. (472.74±271.21) ng/ml,t=-1.643,P=0.081]. Gelatin zymography also showed higher MMP-9 activity in the emboli-positive group than in the emboli-negative group. Conclusion Serum MMP-9 concentration remarkably increases 12 hours after CEA in patients with microemboli shedding,suggesting MMP-9 may be a potential biomarker for CEA-related cerebral ischemic injury.

14.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 738-744, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704312

ABSTRACT

The clinical utility of macrolide antibiotics has declined due to the appearance of resistant isolates.A spiramycin Ⅰ-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC29213-R was induced and isolated with increasing the concentration of spiramycin Ⅰ,which exhibits an A→C transversion at position 2089 in the 23S rRNA gene,which is first reported in the S.aureus.A RNA-seq based transcriptomic analysis was performed to understand the overall response of resistant bacteria to spiramycin Ⅰ treatment with subinhibitory dosage.Inn this study,There are a total of 322 up-regulated and 82 down-regulated genes in spiramycin Ⅰ-treated S.aureus ATCC29213-R and 426 up regulated,838 down-regulated in spiramycin Ⅰ-treated S.aureus ATCC29213,which were identified differentially expressed compared to their control with a minimum 2-fold change (Q < 0.05).Interestingly,The data showed that argH and argG transcripts,in the arginine biosynthetic pathway,were decreased by 13.51-fold and 21.45-fold,respectively,compared to the control,while the expression level of three genes involved in arginine catabolism,arcA,arcC,and argF,increased by 35-fold,18.05-fold and 30.84-fold,respectively.The results revealed that spiramycin Ⅰ could trigger the up-regulation of the genes of ACME-Arc system which allows S.aureus to survive in acidic environments of human skin.This suggesed the arginine-deiminase pathway may be a potential target for treatment of the resistant S.aureus.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 35-37, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660028

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative efficacy of adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles in bronchial asthma children with recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRTI) and its influence on humoral immunity function. Methods 98 patients of bronchial asthma children with RRTI meeting the inclusion criteria were collected as observation objects. Retrospectively analyzing their clinical materials, those patients were divided into the control group (n=42) and the observation group (n=56) according to therapeutic schemes. The control group was given conventional treatments. Besides that, the observation group was given adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles. Then, curative efficacy, humoral immunity related indices and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results As to curative efficacy related indices after six-month follow-up, the observation group had less times of respiratory tract infection [(2.53±0.94) vs.(4.06±1.38)times], shorter asthma wheeling time and shorter time of using antibiotics [(0.67±0.12) vs. (1.74±0.52) d, (8.29±2.15) vs. (15.37±3.42) d] with all statistical differences (all P<0.05). After treatment, in comparison with the control group, levels of humoral immunity indices of serum IgA, IgG were statistically higher in the observation group [(0.93±0.17) vs. (0.49±0.11) g/L; (7.52±0.78) vs. (6.35±0.70) g/L, both P<0.05]. During the treatment, there's no case of severe adverse reactions. And the incidences of adverse reactions in the control group and the observation group were statistically same (4.8% vs. 8.9%). Conclusion Adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles has well curative efficacy in bronchial asthma children with RRTI. And it can reduce occurrence of respiratory tract infection and promote humoral immunity function with minor adverse reactions.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 349-350,353, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659887

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the clinical effect of case care management in patients with schizophrenia treated with Paliperidone palmitate. Methods 90 patients with schizophrenia in the third People's hospital of Huzhou were selected as the subjects. The patients in the experimental group and the control group were treated with Paliperidone palmitate for 12 months. The control group was given routine nursing, the experimental group was given case nursing management, health education, professional psychological counseling, paying close attention to the clinical symptoms of patients, seminars, encouraging patients to contact the society, regular analysis of problems. PANSS score and MARS score and other clinical indicators of the experimental group and the control group of patients were compared and analyzed. Results After treatment, the medication compliance score of the experimental group was (7.32±0.34) points, significantly higher than that (5.12±0.23) points of the control group with statistical significance (P<0.05). The score of PANSS in the control group was (42.90±3.87) points, and the score of PANSS in the experimental group was (36.78±3.32) points, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion nursing case management plus Paliperidone palmitate treatment in patients with schizophrenia has good clinical curative effect, could significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients, help patients recovery, has clinical application significance.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 35-37, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657692

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative efficacy of adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles in bronchial asthma children with recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRTI) and its influence on humoral immunity function. Methods 98 patients of bronchial asthma children with RRTI meeting the inclusion criteria were collected as observation objects. Retrospectively analyzing their clinical materials, those patients were divided into the control group (n=42) and the observation group (n=56) according to therapeutic schemes. The control group was given conventional treatments. Besides that, the observation group was given adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles. Then, curative efficacy, humoral immunity related indices and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results As to curative efficacy related indices after six-month follow-up, the observation group had less times of respiratory tract infection [(2.53±0.94) vs.(4.06±1.38)times], shorter asthma wheeling time and shorter time of using antibiotics [(0.67±0.12) vs. (1.74±0.52) d, (8.29±2.15) vs. (15.37±3.42) d] with all statistical differences (all P<0.05). After treatment, in comparison with the control group, levels of humoral immunity indices of serum IgA, IgG were statistically higher in the observation group [(0.93±0.17) vs. (0.49±0.11) g/L; (7.52±0.78) vs. (6.35±0.70) g/L, both P<0.05]. During the treatment, there's no case of severe adverse reactions. And the incidences of adverse reactions in the control group and the observation group were statistically same (4.8% vs. 8.9%). Conclusion Adjuvant therapy of Yupingfeng particles has well curative efficacy in bronchial asthma children with RRTI. And it can reduce occurrence of respiratory tract infection and promote humoral immunity function with minor adverse reactions.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 349-350,353, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657615

ABSTRACT

Objective To study and analyze the clinical effect of case care management in patients with schizophrenia treated with Paliperidone palmitate. Methods 90 patients with schizophrenia in the third People's hospital of Huzhou were selected as the subjects. The patients in the experimental group and the control group were treated with Paliperidone palmitate for 12 months. The control group was given routine nursing, the experimental group was given case nursing management, health education, professional psychological counseling, paying close attention to the clinical symptoms of patients, seminars, encouraging patients to contact the society, regular analysis of problems. PANSS score and MARS score and other clinical indicators of the experimental group and the control group of patients were compared and analyzed. Results After treatment, the medication compliance score of the experimental group was (7.32±0.34) points, significantly higher than that (5.12±0.23) points of the control group with statistical significance (P<0.05). The score of PANSS in the control group was (42.90±3.87) points, and the score of PANSS in the experimental group was (36.78±3.32) points, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion nursing case management plus Paliperidone palmitate treatment in patients with schizophrenia has good clinical curative effect, could significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients, help patients recovery, has clinical application significance.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 11-15, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510522

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the structural response of diaphragm and soleus of the rat after mechanical ventilation (MV), and to explore the specific mechanism of the dysfunction of both muscles.Methods Sixteen male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group and MV group, with 8 rats in each group. Rats in MV group were treated with controlled ventilation and maintained anesthesia, and those in control group were only anesthetized without MV and maintained anesthesia. The diaphragm and soleus were harvested after MV for 18 hours, and the morphology changes were observed with light microscope. The cross section of muscle fiber was observed by immunofluorescence technique analysis, and the cross-sectional area of muscle fiber was calculated. The ultra structural changes in muscle fibers were observed under transmission electron microscope.Results ① Observed under light microscope, the cross section of the diaphragm and soleus muscle in the control group was regular, the nucleus was normal and the cytoplasm was homogeneous. The fibers in the diaphragm-biopsy specimens from MV subjects were smaller than those from control subjects, whereas these signs were not found in soleus. But fiber atrophy in MV specimens was not accompanied by an inflammatory-cell infiltrate. ② Under the fluorescence microscope, the control group had a smaller cross-section of the slow-twitch muscle in diaphragm, while the fast-twitch muscle fibers werelarger. As compared with diaphragm-biopsy specimens from control, specimens from MV subjects showed decreased cross-sectional areas of slow-twitch and fast-twitch fibers, respectively (μm2: 1069.00±155.24 vs. 1297.12±331.15, 2279.66±442.31 vs. 3031.80±596.11, bothP 0.05). ③ In the control group, the muscle fibers of the diaphragm and soleus were arranged orderly, the boundary of the light and dark bands and the Z-line were clear, and there was no autophagy in the visual field. The outer membrane of the mitochondria was complete, and the cristae were in the shape of clapboard. The signs of misalignment of myofibrils, disruption of Z-line and vacuolar mitochondria were found in diaphragm from MV group, whereas these signs were not found in soleus. Diaphragm from MV group exhibited an increase in autophagic vesicles visualized by transmission electron microscopy as compared with control group.Conclusions Controlled MV for 18 hours resulted in diaphragmatic inactivity and promoted muscle injury and atrophy, while autophagy and mitochondrial dysfunction were enhanced. Soleus immobilization for 18 hours was not associated with muscle atrophy. These facts suggest that the signaling associated with diaphragm atrophy during MV may involve different mechanisms compared with other models of muscle atrophy. Diaphragm appeared to be more susceptible to MV.

20.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2378-2382, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614375

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the treatment of senile distal tibia fractures, locking compression plate (LCP) combined with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) exerts a satisfactory repair effect, and contributes to the function recovery of lower limbs.OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the efficacy of LCP combined with MIPO versus intramedullary interlocking nailing for senile distal tibia fractures.METHODS: Fifty-six elderly patients with distal tibia fracture were allotted to minimally invasive and intramedullary nailing groups (n=28 per group), and received the treatment of LCP combined with MIPO and intramedullary interlocking nailing fixation, respectively. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative AOFAS ankle-hind foot scale scores, postoperative ambulation time, healing time, postoperative complications and the excellent and good rate in Johner-Wruhs' criteria were compared between two groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The operation time, AOFAS ankle-hind foot scale scores, ambulation time, and healing time in the minimally invasive group were significantly superior to those in the intramedullary nailing group (P < 0.05). (2) The minimally invasive group showed a significantly higher excellent and good rate (96%) than the intramedullary nailing group (79%) (P < 0.05). (3) Compared with the intramedullary nailing group, the incidence of complications was significantly reduced in the minimally invasive group (P < 0.05). (4) Our findings suggest that the combination of LCP and MIPO not only preserves the most of blood supply, and soft tissues surrounding the fracture end as suggested by the BO principle, but also is conducive for fracture healing, and holds good efficacy.

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