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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1195-1202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD319 and CD269 in plasma cells of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and the feasibility of using CD319 instead of CD38 as a gating antigen in immunophenotyping and minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of CD319 and CD269 antigens in clonal bone marrow plasma cells of 387 patients were detected by CD38/CD138 gating strategy with 8-color flow cytometry, and the stability of antigens was also analyzed, and the sensitivity and correlation of two different gating strategies employing CD319/CD138 and CD38/CD138 were compared as well. The control group consisted of 53 cases with non-malignant blood disease matched by age and sex.@*RESULTS@#Monoclonal plasma cells were detected in 303 of 387 MM patients, among which 277 cases (91.42%) were positive for CD269, and all cases were positive for CD319 (100%). In newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) and recurrent refractory MM (RRMM) patients, the expression levels of CD269 were 97.53% (0-99.92%) and 94.96% (0.22%-99.99%), respectively, while levels of CD319 were 99.90% (87.77%-100%) and 99.78% (63.12%-100%), respectively. The expression levels of CD269 and CD319 in the control group were 97.00% (77.00%-100%) and 100% (89.00%-100%), respectively. There were no significant differences in the expression levels of CD269 and CD319 among NDMM, RRMM and the control group. Patients acquiring therapeutic effects were divided into complete remission (CR) group, very good partial response (VGPR) group and partial response (PR) group. Gating with CD38/CD138, median MRD values were 0.76% (0-1.88%), 0.77% (0-4.96%) and 1.75% (0.09%-10.90%) in the three groups, respectively, while gating with CD319/CD138, median MRD values were 0.57% (0.18%-1.96%), 1.07% (0.12%-4.85%) and 1.77% (0.08%-8.22%), respectively. There was no significant difference in MRD level by the two gating strategies, but a good correlation between the two (r=0.808, P<0.05). In addition, in 4 patients treated by CD38 monoclonal antibody (DARA), the expression level of CD38 was observed to be down-regulated or even negative after treatment. When the MRD level was very low, CD38/CD138 gating resulted in false MRD@*CONCLUSION@#CD319 and CD269 express stably and continuously in plasma cells of MM patients at different disease stages. CD319 can be used as an alternative of CD38 for immunophenotyping and MRD detection, especially for MRD detection after DARA treatment, while CD269 is suitable for detection before BCMA-CAR-T treatment.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Multiple Myeloma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm, Residual , Plasma Cells
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To predict the potential targets of hyperoside (Hyp) on improving ischemia/reperfusion injury by network pharmacology, and explore its possible mechanism combined with related literature. METHODS The action targets of Hyp and ischemia/reperfusion injury were obtained by TCMSP, Swiss Target Prediction, Pharm Mapper, Simi?larity ensemble approach, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, DisGENT and database. The common targets of drugs and diseases were screened by Omishare and STRING database respectively, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network map was constructed. Then the interaction network between Hyp and disease targets was constructed by Cyto?scape software and topological cross-linking analysis was carried out. Then the interaction network between Hyp and disease targets was constructed and cross-linked analysis was carried out by using Cytoscape software. The gene ontol?ogy (GO) of the core target was analyzed by David database, and then the related pathways of the core target were enriched by KEGG database. RESULTS A total of 54 GO enrichment processes were obtained by GO enrichment anal?ysis of 44 common genes, including 38 biological processes (BP), 15 cell composition (CC) processes, and 1 molecular functional (MF) process. 43 items were obtained by signal pathway enrichment analysis in KEGG database. CONCLU?SION It is suggested that the mechanism of Hyp may be related to PI3K-Akt, RAP1, RAS, VEGF and other signal trans?duction pathways. The above results laid a theoretical foundation for the study of the mechanism and clinical application of the treatment of ischemia/reperfusion injury.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Rhododendra simsii (TFR) on improving cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (CIRI) and its relationship with STIM/Orai-regulated operational Ca2+influx (SOCE) pathway. METHODS Oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) PC12 cells were used to simulate CIRI in vitro, and the intracellular Ca2+ concentration and apoptosis rate of PC12 cells were detected by laser confocal microscope and flow cytometry, respectively. The regulation of STIM/Orai on SOCE was analyzed by STIM/Orai gene silencing and STIM/Orai gene overexpression. The CIRI model was established by MCAO in SD rats. The activities of inflammatory cyto?kines IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-αin serum were detected by ELISA. The pathological changes of ischemic brain tissue and the infarction of rat brain tissue were detected by HE staining and TTC staining. The protein and mRNA expression levels of STIM1, STIM2, Orai1, caspase-3 and PKB in brain tissue were detected by Western blotting and RT-qPCR, respectively. RESULTS The results of in vitro experiment showed that the fluorescence intensity of Ca2+ and apoptosis rate in PC12 cells treated with TFR were significantly lower than those in OGD/R group, and this trend was enhanced by SOCE antagonist 2-APB. STIM1/STIM2/Orai1 gene silencing significantly reduced apoptosis and Ca2+overload in OGD/R model, while TFR combined with overexpression of STIM1/STIM2/Orai1 aggravated apoptosis and Ca2+overload. In the in vivo experiment, TFR significantly reduced the brain histopathological damage, infarction of brain tissue, the contents of IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum in MCAO rats and down-regulated the expression of STIM1, STIM2, Orai1 and caspase-3 protein and mRNA in the brain tissue, and up-regulated the expression of PKB. The above effects were enhanced by the addition of 2-APB. CONCLUSION The above results indicate that TFR may reduce the contents of inflammatory factors and apoptosis, decrease Ca2+ overload and ameliorate brain injury by inhibiting SOCE pathway mediated by STIM and Orai, suggesting that it has a protective effect against subacute CIRI.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of clinical application and management of food for special medical purpose (FSMP) in China's medical institutions.Methods:A questionnaire was developed based on literature review, consultation with experts and multiple discussions to investigate the application and management of FSMP in hospitals. The survey was conducted in secondary and tertiary general or specialized hospitals in China. The accountable person of Clinical Nutrition Department in each hospital filled in the questionnaire with the guidance from provincial quality control center.Results:A total of 592 hospitals across 30 provinces/municipalities participated in the survey. The majority (40.5%) of prescription for FSMP with approved batch number was given by clinical nutrition departments, nutritional risk screening was conducted before using FSMP as enteral nutrition in 64.0% of the hospitals, consent from patients or their families prior to initial FSMP use was required in 94.8% of the hospitals, follow-up after FSMP use was carried out in 86.5% of the hospitals, 79.2% of the hospitals maintained electronic or paper documentation of the clinical application of enteral nutrition preparations, 41.6% of the hospitals had no organization or institution to supervise the standardized application of FSMP.Conclusion:In the future, we should strengthen the construction of FSMP professional team, establish convenient and efficient nutrition diagnosis and treatment information module, and set up special institutions to implement FSMP standardized management.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E177-E183, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904383

ABSTRACT

Objective Aiming at the clinical problem of the low matching degree with the patient’s anatomical morphology for traditional cervical fusion cage, a cervical fusion cage with the function of adjustable height and the shape matched with the vertebral body was established, and its biomechanical properties were evaluated. Methods A cervical C4-5 segment fusion model was established according to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), so as to simulate different motion conditions, i.e. anterior flexion, posterior extension, left/right lateral flexion, left/right rotation, and stress of the fusion cage and vertebral endplate was calculated. After three-dimensional (3D) printing of the fusion cage, an in vitro mechanical experiment was conducted to explore safety and stability of the fusion cage. ResultsThe fusion cage could keep the range of motion (ROM) of cervical vertebrae at the fusion segment with 1°-2.8° and reduce the ROM to 40%-80% of the natural segment. In the in vitro compression test, the yield load of the fusion cage was (2 721.67±209) N, which met the maximum demand of the physiological load in service state. Conclusions The designed fusion device with adjustable height shows better biomechanical properties and can reduce the selection step in operation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922417

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the changes in biochemical metabolites in the thalamus and the cerebellum and their association with clinical features in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#In this prospective study, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with point-resolved spatial selection was used to analyze the thalamus and the cerebellum at both sides in 50 children with ASD aged 2-6 years. Creatine (Cr) was as the internal standard to measure the relative values of N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/Cr, choline (Cho)/Cr, myoinositol (MI)/Cr, and glutamine and glutamate complex (Glx)/Cr, and the differences in metabolites and their association with clinical symptoms were compared.@*RESULTS@#In the children with ASD, NAA/Cr in the left thalamus was positively correlated with the scores of hearing-language and hand-eye coordination in the Griffiths Development Scales-Chinese (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are metabolic disorders in the cerebellum and the thalamus in children with ASD, and there is a correlation between the changes of metabolites in the left cerebellum and the left thalamus. Some metabolic indexes are related to the clinical symptoms of ASD. MRS may reveal the pathological basis of ASD and provide a basis for diagnosis and prognosis assessment of ASD as a noninvasive and quantitative detection method.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnostic imaging , Cerebellum/diagnostic imaging , Child , Choline , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Prospective Studies , Thalamus/diagnostic imaging
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 781-794, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921281

ABSTRACT

The balance of glucose and lipid metabolism is a coordinated result of multiple factors and organs, and is one of the fundamental requirements for the maintenance of human health. As the most important organ for human metabolism, liver plays a key role in regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. With the advances of researches, the number of publications related to hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism has increased rapidly, which posed a challenge for grasping the hot research topics and developmental trends of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism in a short time. To solve such problem, we developed an information analysis method, which systematically analyzes the research status, research techniques, and hot research topics of the hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism research field through Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of related papers and high-throughput experimental data. The results showed that the number of publications related to hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism, especially publications by Chinese scholars, has increased dramatically in this century, along with the remarkable increment of the numbers of authors and affiliations per paper. Such increment is in part positively correlated with the impact of publications. Nowadays, various types of high-throughput experimental techniques have become the main research methods for genetic studies of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. Transcription factors, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs), and NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), have become the new research hotspots. These results systematically showed the current focuses and developmental trends of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism research, and the data analysis method developed in this work can also be applied to other research fields.


Subject(s)
Glucose/metabolism , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Liver
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912306

ABSTRACT

Objective:Postoperative venous obstruction (PVO) is the most severe complication of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), and facing challenging re-intervention with high mortality. We aimed to review and analyze the follow-up and management of postoperative PVO in our center.Methods:We conducted a retrospective study of the patients with isolated TAPVC admitted in our center from October 2013 to October 2019. All available data and images of PVO patients were reviewed, such as the initial perioperative medical records, patients’ follow-up records, results of patients’ echo and CT angiography. Re-intervention including hybrid technique, sutureless technique, and patch augmentation, were carried out for postoperative PVO patients. The results were reviewed and analyzed to find the risk factors for adverse prognosis.Results:A series of 174 isolated TAPVC patients were admitted in our center and 169 received surgical treatment and 26 (26/169, 15.4%) had postoperative PVO. The diagnosis was made at a median time of 11.5 (0-77) weeks after initial operation and within 6 months of surgery in 22 (22/26, 84.6%) of the 26 patients. The subtype of TAPVC patients with postoperative PVO were: supracardiac 11 cases (11/26, 42.3%), cardiac 7 cases (7/26, 26.9%), infracardiac 5 cases (5/26, 19.2%), and mixed 3 cases (3/26, 11.5%). Bilateral obstruction and stenosis with diffusely small pulmonary veins were in 12 (12/26, 46.2%) and 3 cases (3/26, 11.5%) respectively. PVO progressed to worse condition in all the 26 cases during follow-up period. 8 (8/26, 30.8%) postoperative PVO patients underwent 10 re-interventions: one cases had 3 re-interventions. Five-year survival for patients with postoperative PVO was worse than those without postoperative PVO ( HR=6.46, 95% CI: 2.34-17.85, P<0.01). Risk factors for death or re-intervention in postoperative PVO patients were earlier presentation after TAPVC repair ( HR=0.85, 95% CI: 0.73-0.99, P=0.04) and an increased number of lung segments affected by obstruction ( HR=1.74, 95% CI: 1.01-2.99, P=0.04). Conclusion:Risk factors for death or re-intervention in postoperative PVO patients were earlier presentation after TAPVC repair and an increased number of lung segments affected, which should be focused on during strict follow-up period. Early re-intervention should be taken before irreversible secondary changes occur in these patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1015-1018, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911550

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the first-line treatment of some intractable skin diseases, such as actinic keratosis, condyloma acuminatum and moderate to severe acne vulgaris. In clinical practice, radiation parameters and light sources are important for the efficacy of PDT. This review focuses on the selection of radiation parameters and light sources for PDT in terms of the wavelength and type of light sources and dose of radiation, and summarizes research progress in new light sources for PDT.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 518-521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical manifestations and dermoscopic characteristics of lichen planus-like keratosis (LPLK) .Methods:Clinical data were collected from 21 patients with LPLK who visited Shanghai Skin Disease Hospital and underwent both dermoscopic and histopathological examinations from January 2017 to September 2019, and clinical and dermoscopic features were retrospectively analyzed.Results:These patients were aged 64.69 ± 13.29 years, and the ratio of males to females was 1∶2. Skin lesions were located on the face of 18 cases and legs of 3 cases, and were red/violaceous in color in 7 cases, reddish-brown in 5, brown/gray in 8, and brown/reddish in 1. There were 3 types of skin lesions, including plaque-like type in 10 cases, flat pigmented patch type in 6, and flat erythema-like type in 5. As dermoscopy showed, 12 cases were non-pigmented LPLK, and 9 were pigmented LPLK. Pigment granules were found in 13 lesions, and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of pigment granules between pigmented and non-pigmented LPLK ( P=0.07) ; pigment granules were often diffusely distributed (9/13) , and the diffuse distribution pattern was common paticularly in pigmented LPLK (8/9) ; locally distributed pigment granules were found in 4 cases of non-pigmented LPLK. Coarse pigment granules were seen in 10 cases (10/13) , including 8 of pigmented LPLK and 2 of non-pigmented LPLK, and the prevalence rate of coarse pigment granules significantly differed between the pigmented LPLK and non-pigmented LPLK groups ( P=0.002) . Moreover, special distribution patterns of pigment granules included the annular granular pattern (8/13) and peppered pattern (7/13) , and no significant difference was observed in the prevalence of the 2 special distribution patterns between the pigmented LPLK and non-pigmented LPLK groups (both P > 0.05) . Scales were seen in 13 cases (13/21) , and vascular structures in 7 (7/21) , and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of the 2 structures between the pigmented and non-pigmented LPLK groups ( P=0.67, 0.16, respectively) . Conclusions:LPLK mostly occurs on the face, and manifests as solitary red, reddish-brown or brownish-gray plaques or patches, whose surfaces may be covered with scales. The characteristic dermoscopic feature of LPLK is the presence of pigment granules, which are coarse, often diffusely distributed, and commonly observed in pigmented LPLK.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1401-1406, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the demographic and clinical characteristics of elderly inpatients with osteoporotic femoral neck fractures(OFNF).Methods:Clinical data of 1 227 patients with OFNF treated at the department of orthopedics of Beijing Hospital from January 2010 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 377 male and 850 female patients.Ten-year trends in the OFNF constituent ratio, patient age, average length of stay and hospitalization expenses were examined, and differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between different genders were analyzed.Results:From 2010 to 2017, the constituent ratio of OFNF patients increased each year, and the number of OFNF patients decreased slightly in 2018 and 2019.The age of onset in both male and female patients was the highest at the ages of 80-89(46.8% or 574/1 227). In the distribution of educational level, people with no education made up the highest proportion(36.7% or 450/1 227). The seasonal distribution of the disease was the highest in autumn(27.8% or 341/1 227). The constituent ratio of urban areas was higher than that of rural areas(54.6% or 670/1 227 vs.45.4% or 557/1 227). In the distribution of fracture types, the constituent ratio of 31-B2 fractures was the highest in both male and female patients.Of the causes of injury, the constituent ratio of falls and indoor activities was the highest.Hypertension, spinal degenerative diseases and knee and hip osteoarthritis ranked in the top three of concomitant diseases.The constituent ratio of previous fractures in females was significantly higher than that in males.In the past ten years, the average hospitalization length of OFNF patients showed a downward trend, and the change in average hospitalization cost showed abrupt fluctuations.From 2009 to 2016, the hospitalization cost showed an upward trend, with the highest in 2016, and then decreased year by year. Conclusions:In the past ten years, the number and constituent ratio of OFNF patients increased steadily in the first eight years, but decreased slightly or reached a plateau in the past two years.The education level, history of bone fractures, hypertension, spinal degenerative diseases and knee and hip osteoarthritis of OFNF patients were correlated with sex, while age distribution, seasonal distribution, urban and rural distribution, cause of injury, fracture classification and other concomitant diseases were not correlated with sex.In the past ten years, the average hospitalization length of OFNF patients trended downward, the average hospitalization cost showed an upward trend from 2009 to 2016, and decreased year by year after 2016.The medical policy reform in 2016 played a significant role in controlling medical expenses.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 738-744, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910908

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the application of three different glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)-estimating equations in the elderly aged 60 years and over.Methods:The patients aged ≥ 60 years in our hospital from January 2012 to October 2017 were included as research subjects who underwent three GFR detection(as measured GFR i. e.mGFR)of serum creatinine(Scr), serum cystatin C(sCysC)and GFR by 99mTc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging.The advantages and disadvantages of each GFR-estimating(eGFR)equation in the elderly patients were compared.Results:A total of 122 patients were enrolled, including 90 males(73.8%), with a median age of 77 years.The median Scr and sCysC were 109 μmol/L and 1.39 mg/L, respectively, with their average of mGFR being(45.70±18.91)ml·min -1·1.73m -2.Overall, each eGFR-Scr equation over-estimated the GFR in varying degrees.In eGFR-Scr, full age spectrum equation(FAS)-Scr had the smallest bias(2.34)and the best accuracy(P30 75.4%), followed by Berlin Initiative Study(BIS)-Scr(P30 71.3%). In eGFR-CysC, the P30 of FAS-CysC and chronic kidney disease(CKD)-Epidemiology Collaboration(EPI)-CysC were 75.4% and 71.3%, respectively, and the accuracy of eGFR-CysC was comparable to that of BIS-Scr and FAS-Scr.In eGFR-combi, the bias of FAS-combi was the smallest(1.10), and the accuracy of FAS-combi, BIS-combi and CKD-EPI-combi was comparable, the P30 was 81.1%, 79.5% and 74.6%, respectively, and the P30 of FAS-combi and BIS-combi was higher than that of eGFR-Scr and eGFR-CysC.In the 60-80 age group, the accuracy of FAS-combi and BIS-combi was the best, P30 was 77.8% and 76.4% respectively, while, the accuracy of other equations were poor.In patients ≥ 80 years old, except for the modification of diet in renal disease(MDRD)equations and CKD-EPI-scr equation, the accuracy of other equations was acceptable, among which the accuracy of eGFR-combi equation was the best, and the P30 of FAS-combi, BIS-combi and CKD-EPI-combi were 86.0%, 84.0% and 80.0%, respectively. Conclusions:In elderly patients aged 60 years and over, the application of eGFR-combi equation is better than that of the respective eGFR-Scr and eGFR-CysC equations.The FAS equation has the best bias and accuracy, followed by the BIS equation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze research status and development trends in the field of health management in China from 2011 to 2020.Methods:“CNKI” was chosen as the data source, and “health management(precise)” was used as the search term, and a total of 13, 686 valid data were finally obtained. Frequency counts were used to tabulate the number of articles published in the field of health management from 2011 to 2020. CiteSpace software was used to analyze the cooperation of institutions, and to explore the research hotspots and development trends in the field of health management by institutions co-occurrence, keyword co-occurrence and clustering timeline map. Bicomb software and SPSS 26.0 software were used for multi-dimensional scale analysis of keywords to comprehensively reflect the core degree and maturity of research topics.Results:The amount of domestic health management research literature had shown an increasing trend from 2011 (804) to 2020 (2 044). The top 5 keywords in terms of frequency were “hypertension(611)” “diabetes(577)” “health education(485)” “community(460)” and “chronic diseases(457)”. “Elderly” “Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM health management)” and “Health management model” were the hot keywords and research trends of health management. There were 7 themes in the field of health management, namely “Construction and application of chronic diseases health management model” “Community health service and health management” “Health management in essential public health service” “Health management of the elderly” “Health management of Traditional Chinese Medicine” “Health examination and health management organization” “Health management based on big data and modern information technology”.Conclusions:A relatively close network of cooperation has been formed in the field of health management research and the number of articles has increased. The elderly, chronic disease and Traditional Chinese Medicine health management are the research trend. The construction and implementation of health management models, the integration of artificial intelligence and health management are the development trends in this field.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine risk factors for postoperative esophageal refractory stenosis after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of large-scale early esophageal carcinomas and precancerous lesions.Methods:Two hundred and twelve early esophageal carcinomas or precancerous lesions in 186 patients who underwent ESD larger than 3/4 the total esophageal circumference in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, between July 2013 and December 2017 were divided into two groups according to session number of endoscopic balloon dilatation (EBD), the refractory stenosis group ( n=69, ≥6 EBD sessions) and non-refractory stenosis group ( n=117, ≤5 EBD sessions). Student′s t-test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for univariate analysis and χ2 test and Fisher exact test were used for comparison of categorical variables. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results:Compared with the non-refractory stenosis group, the refractory stenosis group had statistically significant differences in the longitudinal diameter of lesions, the longitudinal diameter of artificial ulcer, lesion location, the circumferential range of lesions and the composition of the muscular layer injury (all P<0.05). After eliminating the factor of the vertical diameter of artificial ulcer (because there was significant correlation between the vertical diameter of artificial ulcer and the longitudinal diameter of lesion in clinical practice), multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the longitudinal diameter of lesion>5 cm (VS ≤5 cm: P=0.003, OR=3.531, 95% CI:1.547-8.060), the location of lesion in the upper thoracic segment (VS lower thoracic segment: P=0.001, OR=36.720, 95% CI:4.233-318.551), in the cervical segment (VS lower thoracic segment: P=0.003, OR=24.959, 95% CI:2.927-212.795), the whole circumferential lesion (VS ≥3/4 but not the whole circumference: P<0.001, OR=10.082, 95% CI:4.196-24.226) and the presence of muscular layer injury ( P<0.001, OR=7.128, 95% CI:2.748-18.486) were more likely to lead to esophageal refractory stenosis after ESD. Conclusion:The longitudinal lesion diameter of more than 5 cm, the circumferential extent of esophageal ESD, cervical or upper-thoracic esophageal lesions, and muscular layer damage are independent risk factors for postoperative esophageal refractory stenosis after ESD for large-scale esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 487-490, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884914

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of vitamin D deficiency in middle aged and elderly patients at an orthopedic department.Methods:The data of 25-hydroxy vitamin D[25(OH)D]in patients aged over 55 years at an orthopedic department in Beijing Hospital from November 2014 to January 2020 were collected.The differences in serum 25(OH)D status were compared in different gender and age.Results:A total of 3004 subjects were included with 725 males and 2279 females, ranged from 55 to 102 years old with an average of(71.1±9.7)years.The average serum 25(OH)D level was(17.77±9.92)ng/ml, which was diagnosed as vitamin D deficiency status.Serum 25(OH)D levels were(19.66±9.77)μg/L, (18.34±9.78)μg/L, (16.19±9.51)μg/L and (14.74±10.49)μg/L, at different age groups of 55-64, 65-74, 75-84, 85 years and over, respectively, with statistically significant differences( F=29.357, P<0.05). Serum(OH)D levels of patients were severely deficient, deficient, insufficient and sufficient, with their proportion of 21.3%, 44.6%, 23.3% and 10.8%, respectively.The proportion of patients achieving from vitamin D levels severe deficiency to deficiency to insufficient to sufficient were 18.2%, 44.8%, 25.1% and 11.9% in men, and 22.2%, 44.6%, 22.7% and 10.5% in women, respectively. Conclusions:The deficiency of vitamin D is prevalent in elderly patients visiting at orthopedic department.Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D has a decreased trend along with age increasing, showing an increased trend of vitamin D deficiency.Patients with severe vitamin D deficiency are the focus for the intervention.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 687-693, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884761

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate surgical methods and clinical effects of tibial pseudarthrosis due to neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) in adult using Ilizarov technique combined with intramedullary nail.Methods:A total of 12 adult with tibial pseudarthrosis due to NF1 treated by Ilizarov technique combined with intramedullary nail from October 2009 to December 2017 were retrospectively included. There were 6 males and 6 females with an average age of 27±8.3 years (range 17-44). All cases presented severe anterior arch in varus or valgus deformity with shortening in an average of 10.8±3.7 cm (range 5.6-16.5 cm). The in-volved levels were at the middle and lower part of tibia. All cases suffered from more than one treatment with failed surgery. One male patient with 5 times of unsuccessful operations. There were 4 cases with severe limping gait and 8 cases with walking with the help of brace (or single crutch) preoperatively. Regarding the family history, seven cases were inherited by father and 5 cases by mother. During surgery, the part of tibial pseudarthrosis and thickened fibrous tissue surroundings like periosteal were removed. The contracture achilles tendon was elongated in open way, and intramedullary nailing cross the ankle joint was applied when the tibial medullary cavity opened. Further, iliac bone grafting and proximal tibial osteotomy were performed with Ilizarov fixator application finally. The tibia was lengthened at a rate of 0.5-1 mm/d at 7 days postoperatively. The healing rate of pseudarthrosis and the length and alignment of limb were evaluated by X-ray routinely. The lower limb function and complications were assessed by self-made table for lower limb deformity correction and functional reconstruction.Results:All patients were followed up for 31-80 months with an average of 47.6±14.7 months. Bone union of pseudarthrosis in all cases was eventually achieved. The tibia was lengthened 5-12 cm with an average of 8.4±2.5 cm. There were 9 cases underwent second surgeries to promote bone healing and to correct residual deformities. The external fixator was used for 25-37 months with an average of 31.5±3.7 months. There was no complication, including neurovascular injury, severe soft tissue or bone infection affecting the clinical effects. All intramedullary nails were not removed finally. The limb function and gait in full weight bearing in 12 patients recovered at the latest follow-up. The evaluation score was 2.4±0.3 (range 2.1-2.8), of which 9 cases were excellent 3 were good. Thus, the excellent and good rate was 100%.Conclusion:The satisfactory clinical effects, including angular deformity correction, pseudarthrosis healing and short limb lengthening, can be achieved in adult with tibial pseudarthrosis due to NF1 by using the combination method of Ilizarov technique and intramedullary nail. However, the treatment duration could be longer.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 344-348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883885

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether microRNA-21-5p (miR-21-5p) has the effect of anti-apoptosis of human alveolar typeⅡ epithelial cells (ATⅡ).Methods:ATⅡ cells derived from the human were cultured in vitro and used for experiments when the cells were grown until the presence of lamellar bodies and microvilli were observed by light microscope. The cells were divided into blank control group (direct culture), hydrogen peroxide (H 2O 2) injury group (cultured with 0.5 mmol/L H 2O 2), and miR-21-5p overexpression group (using miR-21-5p with a multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 100 lentiviral overexpression vector with 0.5 mmol/L H 2O 2) and miR-21-5p empty virus control group (miR-21-5p lentiviral blank vector was co-cultured with 0.5 mmol/L H 2O 2). In each group, cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) at 0, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours of cell culture; cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry at 24 hours of culture. Results:① Cell proliferation activity test results: with the extension of cell culture time, the cell proliferation activity of the blank control group gradually increased, while the cell proliferation activity gradually decreased after the addition of 0.5 mmol/L H 2O 2. However, the cells proliferation activity in the miR-21-5p overexpression group decreased more slowly than that in the H 2O 2 injury group and the miR-21-5p empty virus control group, and the cell proliferation activity at 48 hours was significantly higher than the H 2O 2 injury group and the miR-21-5pempty virus control group ( A value: 0.295±0.005 vs. 0.184±0.005, 0.169±0.002, both P < 0.05). It showed that both H 2O 2 and lentivirus accelerated cell damage, while miR-21-5p could reduce cell apoptosis. ② Apoptosis rate test results: compared with the blank control group, the apoptosis rate increased significantly after adding 0.5 mmol/L H 2O 2; while the apoptosis rate of the miR-21-5p overexpression group was lower than that of the H 2O 2 injury group and miR-21-5p empty virus control group [early apoptosis rate: (14.31±0.12)% vs. (24.50±0.12)%, (23.41±0.13)%; late apoptosis rate: (8.12±0.13)% vs. (9.71±0.11)%, (10.41±0.15)%; overall apoptosis rate: (22.33±0.12)% vs. (34.21±0.10)%, (33.82±0.14)%; all P < 0.05], which further proved that miR-21-5p had anti-apoptotic effects. Conclusion:miR-21-5p has an anti-apoptotic effect on human ATⅡ.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881065

ABSTRACT

Chlorogenic acid (5-CQA), neochlorogenic acid (3-CQA), and cryptochlorogenic acid (4-CQA), usually simultaneously exist in many traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). However, insufficient attentions have been paid to the comparative metabolism study on these three isomeric constituents with similar effects on anti-inflammation until now. In this study, a novel strategy was established to perform comparative analysis of their metabolic fates in rats and elucidate the pharmacological mechanism of anti-inflammation. Firstly, diagnostic product ions (DPIs) deduced from the representative reference standards were adopted to rapidly screen and characterize the metabolites in rat plasma, urine and faeces using UHPLC-Q-TOF MS. Subsequently, Network pharmacology was utilized to elucidate their anti-inflammatory mechanism. Consequently, a total of 73 metabolites were detected and characterized, including 50, 47 and 43 metabolites for 5-CQA, 4-CQA and 3-CQA, orderly. Moreover, the network pharmacology study indicated that these three isomeric constituents and their major metabolites with similar in vivo metabolic pathways exerted anti-inflammatory effects through co-owned 20 biological processes, which involved 10 major signal pathways and 159 potential targets. Our study shed light on the similarities and differences of the metabolic profiling and anti-inflammatory activity among these three isomeric constituents and set an example for the further researches on the active mechanism of isomeric constituents existing in TCMs based on comparative metabolism study.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 187-195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878553

ABSTRACT

In order to screen African swine fever virus (ASFV) diagnostic antigen with the best enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity. By establishing the ELISA method, the diagnostic antigen of ASFV p30 protein expressed by baculovirus-insect cell expression system as reference, we explored the antigenic properties and diagnostic potential of ASFV p35 protein expressed by prokaryotic expression system as a diagnostic antigen. The results of Western blotting and immunofluorescence show that the molecular weight of the recombinant p35 protein and p30 protein obtained was 40 kDa and 30 kDa, respectively, and these two proteins had good immuno-reactivity with ASFV positive serum. Recombinant p30 and p35 proteins were used as diagnostic antigens to establish ELISA, and the sensitivity and repeatability of these methods were tested. The results show that although the detection sensitivity of the p30-ELISA established in this study was higher than that of the p35-ELISA, the sensitivity of p35-ELISA was 95.8%, and variations in intra- and inter-assay repeatability of the two methods were less than 10%. The coincidence rate between the p35-ELISA and the imported kit was 97.2%. Results show that p35-ELISA was sensitive and stable, and could detect specific antibodies against ASFV.


Subject(s)
African Swine Fever/diagnosis , African Swine Fever Virus/genetics , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , Swine
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the serum complement C1q level in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and its clinical significance.Methods:Thirty patients with PM/DM admitted to the Department of Endocrinology in Shuguang Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the case group. Thirty healthy people for physical examination in the same period in Shuguang Hospital were selected as the control group. The levels of complement C1q and creatine kinase (CK) in the serum of all the subjects were detected. Meanwhile, the levels of anti-Jo-1 antibody(Jo-1) , antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and anti-ribonuclear protien antibody (RNP) in PM/DM patients were detected. The levels of complement C1q and CK in the serum of PM/DM patients with different clinical symptoms and antibody expression were compared. The working characteristics (ROC curve) were used to determine the diagnostic efficacy of complement C1q and CK for PM/DM.Results:Compared with the control group, the levels of complement C1q [(241.26±26.10) mg/L vs (125.04±11.87)mg/L] and CK[(561.03±29.48)mU/ml vs (161.74±15.86)mU/ml] in serum of patients with PM and DM were higher ( t=22.201, P=0.026; t=65.331, P=0.012) , but there was no significant difference in the levels of complement C1q [(254.63±29.24) mg/L vs (240.18±25.72) mg/L] and CK[(557.19±50.10)mU/ml vs (585.42±63.64)mU/ml] between PM and DM( t=1.427, P=0.165; t=1.358, P=0.185). The serum complement C1q and CK in patients with myalgia, limb muscle weakness, Reynolds phenomenon, arthralgia, Yang rash, interstitial lung disease, Gottron sign, V sign, dysphagia and other organ-accumulated patients were increased( P<0.05). The levels of complement C1q[(189.25±24.20) mg/L vs (352.19±30.22) mg/L; (207.31±16.29)mg/L vs (298.16±34.29) mg/L] and CK[(524.56±51.32) mU/ml vs (752.56±49.61)mU/ml; (497.36±54.28) mU/ml vs (651.22±58.26)mU/ml] in patients with serum of Jo-1 or ANCA positive were lower than those of negative patients (χ 2=8.536, P=0.019;χ 2=7.694, P=0.037 and χ 2=12.696, P=0.027; χ 2=10.763, P=0.046). The levels of complement C1q [(316.00±34.82) mg/L vs (225.46±41.38) mg/L] and CK[(624.18±26.10)mU/ml vs (468.25±24.27)mU/ml] in serum of RNP positive patients were higher than those of negative patients (χ 2=6.712, P=0.041; χ 2=11.751, P=0.038). The ROC curves of complement C1q and CK in diagnosis of PM/DM were 0.842 and 0.783 respectively, and the Jordan index was 0.811 and 0.534 respectively, which had certain value for diagnosis of PM/DM, but that of the complement C1q level was higher than that of CK ( P<0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of complement C1q were 88.95% and 92.10% respectively with 231.820 mg/L as the critical value, which was higher than that of CK (68.42% and 85.00%)( P<0.05). Conclusions:The expression of complement C1q in serum of PM/DM patients is increased, which is related to the clinical symptoms and antibody levels of PM/DM patients. It may be involved in the progression of PM/DM disease.

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