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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 374-379, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012907

ABSTRACT

Objective sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey on outpatients in two hospitals in Guangdong province in order to evaluate patients’ satisfaction with the quality of medical service. This paper explored the factors that affect patients’ evaluation of medical service quality, and found that patients’ age was negatively correlated with the evaluation of medical service quality. It is suggested that the establishment of friendly medical institutions should be carried out according to the national policy. At the same time, the management mechanism of hospital should be improved, the number of medical service centers for "efficient" should be increased, and the medical service personnel should be regularly trained; carry out medical knowledge education in community, improve the popularization of personal medical knowledge and close the cognitive gap between doctors and patients.

2.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 146-152, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012472

ABSTRACT

Background Sleep quality is one of the important factors affecting soldiers’ task performance. Objective To explore the effects of mindful attention awareness, burnout, and occupational stress on sleep quality among soldiers in plateau areas. Methods A total of 1090 soldiers were selected from four units in plateau areas by cluster sampling method and were asked to participate a cross-sectional questionnaire survey using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PQSI), Occupational Stress Inventory (OSI), Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Correlation analysis, regression analysis, and mediated effect test were conducted for the study. Results Of the 1090 soldiers recruited, 1082 soldiers returned valid questionnaires, and the valid recovery rate was 99.26%. The median (P25, P75) score of PSQI was 4.00 (2.00,7.00), the median score of OSI was 26.00 (17.00, 34.00), the median score of MBI-GS was 3.53 (3.13, 4.00), and the median score of MAAS was 71.00 (59.00, 82.00). The burnout and mindful attention awareness levels varied among military personnel of different age groups (P<0.05), so did the burnout and occupational stress levels among military personnel of different length of service groups (P<0.05), and the occupational stress, PSQI, burnout, and mindful attention awareness levels among military personnel with different educational backgrounds and genders (P<0.05). The results of mediated effect test showed that occupational stress and burnout had both a parallel mediated effect and a sequential mediating effect on the relationship between mindful attention awareness and sleep quality, with effect sizes of 15.3%, 21.5% and 31.8%, respectively. Conclusion There is a mediated effect on the relationship between mindful attention awareness and sleep quality by the occupational stress and burnout of military personnel in plateau areas, and sleep quality is also affected by mindful attention awareness through the chain-mediated effect of occupational stress and burnout.

3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3046-3054, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981435

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ligustilide, the main active constituent of essential oils of traditional Chinese medicine Angelicae Sinensis Radix, on alleviating oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells from the perspective of ferroptosis. OGD/R was induced in vitro, and 12 h after ligustilide addition during reperfusion, cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. DCFH-DA staining was used to detect the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was employed to detect the expression of ferroptosis-related proteins, glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4), transferrin receptor 1(TFR1), and solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), and ferritinophagy-related proteins, nuclear receptor coactivator 4(NCOA4), ferritin heavy chain 1(FTH1), and microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3). The fluorescence intensity of LC3 protein was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. The content of glutathione(GSH), malondialdehyde(MDA), and Fe was detected by chemiluminescent immunoassay. The effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was observed by overexpression of NCOA4 gene. The results showed that ligustilide increased the viability of PC12 cells damaged by OGD/R, inhibited the release of ROS, reduced the content of Fe and MDA and the expression of TFR1, NCOA4, and LC3, and improved the content of GSH and the expression of GPX4, SLC7A11, and FTH1 compared with OGD/R group. After overexpression of the key protein NCOA4 in ferritinophagy, the inhibitory effect of ligustilide on ferroptosis was partially reversed, indicating that ligustilide may alleviate OGD/R injury of PC12 cells by blocking ferritinophagy and then inhibiting ferroptosis. The mechanism by which ligustilide reduced OGD/R injury in PC12 cells is that it suppressed the ferroptosis involved in ferritinophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , PC12 Cells , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Transcription Factors , Glutathione
4.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2329-2338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998583

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects and possible mechanism of Wenshen Tongdu Formula (温肾通督方, WTF) on spinal cord injury. MethodsThirty-six C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and WTF group, with 12 mice in each group. The spinal cord injury model was established in the model group and the WTF group using the modified Allen's method, while in the sham operation group the spinal cord was only exposed. Since the 1st day after surgery, 50 g/(kg·d) of WTF solution was given to the WTF group by gavage, while 20 ml/(kg·d) of normal saline was given to the sham operation and model group by gavage, all for 14 days. Before surgery and on the 1st, 7th, and 14th days after surgery, the motor function of the mice was evaluated using the inclined plane test and hind limb motor function score (by BMS). On the 3rd day after surgery, the nerve electrophy-siology was detected through electromyography and motor evoked potential; the spleen length was measured, and B cells in the spleen were sorted by magnetic beads; the differential expression of proteins were detected through proteomics technology; and the protein expression of mitochondrial outer membrane transport porin 20 (Tom20) and downstream cleaved caspase-3 in spleen B cells were measured using Western blotting. On the 14th day after surgery, MRI was used to observe the recovery of the spinal cord. ResultsCompared to those in the sham operation group at the same time, the BMS scores and subscores and the inclined plane test angle in the model group were reduced on the 1st, 7th and 14th days after surgery; the peak value of electromyogram and motor evoked potential were reduced, and the spleen length was shortened, while the expression of Tom20 and cleaved caspase-3 increased in splenic B cells increased (P<0.05). Compared to those in the model group at the same time, the BMS subscores on the 14th day and the angle of the inclined plane test on the 7th and 14th days after surgery increased in the WTF group; the peak value of electromyography and motor evoked potential, as well as the length of spleen increased, and the expression of Tom20 and cleaved caspase-3 decreased (P<0.05). The proteomics results showed that there were 100 differential proteins in the WTF group versus the model group, of which 37 were up-regulated and 63 were down-regulated. GO enrichment analysis showed that differential proteins mainly played their roles in oxygen binding, exogenous apoptosis negative feedback, zinc ion response, and oxygen transport. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that differential proteins were mainly concentrated in metabolic pathways, Huntington's disease, oxidative phosphorylation and other pathways. Subcellular localization showed that differential proteins were associated with mitochondria. Magnetic resonance imaging on the 14th day after surgery showed that the spinal cord structure of the mice in the sham operation group was intact, and the segments were clear, with normal spinal cord signal; the low signal area in the spinal cord injury area increased in the model group, and the spinal cord became significantly thinner; the injured segment had obvious depression in the WTF group, but the structure was more complete than that in the model group. ConclusionWTF may promote spinal cord injury repair by regulating immune function, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting pyroptosis of spleen B cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 736-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling pathway in edaravone-induced attenuation of long-term cognitive impairment caused by long-time sedation with propofol in the neonatal rats.Methods:Eighty SPF healthy newborn Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes, aged 7 days, weighing 15-20 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), propofol group (group P), edaravone+ propofol group (group EP) and Nrf2 inhibitor ML385+ edaravone+ propofol group (group MEP). Propofol 75 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day for 7 consecutive days in P group, EP group and MEP group, respectively, while the equal volume of medium/long chain fat emulsion injection was intraperitoneally injected in C group. Edaravone 3 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before each propofol injection in EP and MEP groups, and ML385 15 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected simultaneously in group MEP. The spontaneous activity was evaluated by the open field test on day 29 after birth, and the cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze test on days 30-34 after birth. The rats were sacrificed after the end of water maze test, and brains were removed and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels (by flow cytometry), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 area (using HE staining). Results:There was no significant difference in the speed, distance and time of stay at the center of the open field among the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with C group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was reduced, the levels of MDA and ROS were increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury was observed in the hippocampal CA1 region in group P. Compared with P group, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was increased, the levels of MDA and ROS in the hippocampus were decreased, the activity of SOD was increased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury in the hippocampal CA1 region was significantly alleviated in EP group. Compared with EP group, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform quadrant was reduced, the levels of MDA and ROS were increased, the activity of SOD was decreased, the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological injury was aggravated in the hippocampal CA1 region in MEP group. Conclusions:The mechanism by which edaravone attenuates long-term cognitive impairment caused by long-time sedation with propofol is related to activation of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and inhibition of oxidative stress in the neonatal rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 176-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in long-term cognitive impairment induced by multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia in neonatal rats.Methods:Seventy-five SPF healthy newborn Sprague-Dawley rats of either sex, aged 6 days, weighing 12-20 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=25 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia group (group S) and TLR4 inhibitor plus multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia group (group I+ S). The rats in group S and group I inhaled 3% sevoflurane for 2 h at 6, 7 and 8 days after birth. TLR4 inhibitor TAK-242 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected before each exposure to sevoflurane in group I, and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in the other two groups. The spontaneous activity was evaluated by open field test on day 29 after birth, and the cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze test on days 30-34 after birth. After the behavioral test, the blood samples from the abdominal aorta were collected, and then the rats were sacrificed under deep anesthesia to isolate the hippocampal tissues for measurement of the levels of S100β and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in serum and hippocampal interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and phosphorylated NF-κB p65 (p-NF-κB p65) (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of the pathological changes of hippocampal CA1 region after HE staining. Results:Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the TLR4 expression was up-regulated, the ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 was increased, the levels of serum S100β protein and NSE and hippocampal IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in the hippocampal CA1 region were aggravated in group S. Compared with group S, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, TLR4 expression was down-regulated, the ratio of p-NF-κB p65/NF-κB p65 was decreased, the levels of S100β and NSE in serum and hippocampal IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes in hippocampal CA1 area were significantly attenuated in group P. Conclusions:The mechanism by which multiple exposures to sevoflurane anesthesia induces long-term cognitive impairment is related to activation of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and increase in hippocampal inflammatory responses in neonatal rats.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 31-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcome of using long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) transposition to augment arthroscopic massive rotator cuff repair.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed on 22 patients with massive rotator cuff tear treated in Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University from June 2019 through July 2020, including 12 males and 10 females, aged 54-79 years [(63.9±6.8)years]. LHBT transposition was performed to augment arthroscopic repair of massive rotator cuff tear. The active range of motion (forward flexion, abduction, external rotation), visual analog scale (VAS), University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score were compared preoperatively and at 3 months and 12 months postoperatively. The cuff integrity was evaluated using MRI following Sugaya classification at 12 months postoperatively. LHBT dislocation or distal retraction was recorded at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-24 months [(17.0±3.8)months]. The postoperative 3-month active forward flexion [162.5(160.0, 170.0)°] and abduction [170.0(160.0, 170.0)°] were improved compared with preoperative measurements [90.0(73.8, 120.0)°,85.0(70.0, 112.5)°](all P<0.05). However, no statistically significant difference was found between the preoperative and postoperative 3-month external rotation [50.0(37.5,60.0)° vs. 60.0(48.8,70.0)°] ( P>0.05). The postoperative 12-month active forward flexion, abduction and external rotation were 170.0(160.0, 175.0)°, 170.0(170.0, 177.8)° and 60.0(48.8, 70.0)°, showing no significant improvement from those at 3 months postoperatively (all P>0.05). The postoperative 3-month VAS [1.0(0.8, 2.0)points], UCLA score [23.0(23.0, 25.0)points] and ASES score [79.1(72.9, 83.3)points] were improved significantly compared with preoperative measurements [7.0(8.0, 9.0)points, 9.0(10.0, 14.0)points, 25.0(16.6, 31.6)points] (all P<0.05). The postoperative 12-month UCLA score [33.0(31.0, 35.0)points] and ASES score [91.6(86.6, 93.3)points] were further improved compared with those at 3 months postoperatively (all P<0.05). However, the postoperative 12-month VAS [0.0 (0.0, 1.0)points] showed no statistically significant difference with that at 3 months postoperatively ( P>0.05). The UCLA score was excellent in 6 patients and good in 16 at 12 months postoperatively.MRI revealed healed tendons with continuity in 16 patients, with the healing rate of 72.7%, and partially retears with good shoulder function in 6 patients, with the retearing rate of 17.3%. No LHBT dislocation or distal retraction was found at 12 months postoperatively in regardless of mild anterior shoulder pain in 2 patients. Conclusion:Using LHBT transposition to augment arthroscopic massive rotator cuff repair has yielded excellent shoulder range of motion, shoulder function recovery, pain relief and high tendon healing rate with rare postoperative complication.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 33-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991245

ABSTRACT

Since 2016, Binzhou Medical University began to carry out the blended learning reform in the organ-systems based curriculum (OSBC) of the experimental class of clinical medicine. Based on the traditional face-to-face teaching method, the blended learning mode of the integrated course of endocrine system under OSBC has been carried out by using the small private online course (SPOC) of MOOC platform of China universities. Many teaching methods have been adopted and formed, including case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL), professional bilingual teaching, scientific research teaching and virtual simulation experiment teaching. The evaluation system for the combination of formative and summary assessment has been also adopted in the whole process to assess the students' academic achievement, and the teaching effect as well. The blended learning mode of the integrated course of the endocrine system under OSBC is still in the exploratory stage. There are some limitations, such as too high requirements for teachers' quality, long preparation time for teaching, and great difficulty in supervising online learning. However, the practice of teaching reform that has been carried out shows that it is effective, feasible, and worth popularizing.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 251-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict and analyze the number of acute pancreatitis (AP) inpatients based on time series model, and to explore the predictive efficiency of the model.Methods:Clinical data of AP inpatients in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2014 to December 2019 were collected. R software was used to collect the time series of AP inpatients, and the trend and seasonal characteristics of AP inpatients from 2014 to 2018 were analyzed. Furthermore, the autoregressive moving average (ARIMA) model was established through stationarity test, model ordering and model testing steps, and the best selected model was used to predict the monthly number of inpatients in 2019 to verify its prediction efficiency.Results:A total of 3 939 AP patients were included in the study. The most common etiology for AP was cholestrogenic (48.2%), followed by hyperacylglyceremia (36.3%). The peak age of hospitalization was from 40 to 60 years old. Time series analysis showed that the number of AP inpatients increased year by year. The highest peak of the disease was from February to March, followed by September to November; and there was seasonal variation and the incidence was relatively small in summer. The established original training set sequence did not pass the stationarity test ( P=0.061), so the ARIMA model was established after it was transformed into a stationarity sequence by first-order difference. According to the criterion of minimum AIC value, ARIMA(2, 1, 1)(1, 1, 1) 12 was selected as the best model. The model was used to predict the number of AP inpatients in 2019, showing that it could better fit the trend of onset time and had good short-term prediction effect. The mean root error and absolute error were 6.8790 and 4.7783, respectively. Conclusions:The number of AP inpatients increases year by year with seasonal changes. ARIMA model is effective in predicting the number of AP inpatients and can be used for short-term prediction.

10.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1074-1080, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003813

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the incidence and severity of COVID-19 reinfection. MethodsWe searched relevant studies on COVID-19 reinfection, including cohort study, case report, and cross-sectional study in PubMed, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang databases. Revman5.3.0 was used for statistical analysis. ResultsA total of 52 studies in 19 countries were included. These literatures showed moderate and high quality. Furthermore, the pooled incidence of COVID-19 reinfection was estimated to be 1.9%(95%CI: 0.9%‒4.7%, P<0.01), pooled incidence of reinfection among medical workers in hospitals and staff in nursing home was 13.8%(95%CI: 4.8%‒34.2%, P<0.01), and pooled incidence of critical reinfection was 17.3%(95%CI: 11.5%‒25.9%, P<0.01).Sensitivity and publication bias analysis showed that the pooled incidence was stable and no publication bias was identified. ConclusionIncidence and severity of COVID-19 reinfection are both high. Although the prevention and control policy against COVID-19 has been adjusted in China, the public should pay attention to taking protective measures to avoid the reinfection.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 395-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984635

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the predictive efficacy of the two thrombosis risk assessment scores (Padua and IMPEDE scores) in venous thromboembolism (VTE) within 6 months in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) in China. Methods: This study reviewed the clinical data of 421 patients with NDMM hospitalized in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from April 2014 to February 2022. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the two scores were calculated to quantify the thrombus risk assessment of VTE by the Padua and IMPEDE scores. The receiver operating characteristics curves of the two evaluation scores were drawn. Results: The incidence of VTE was 14.73%. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and Youden index of the Padua score were 100%, 0%, 14.7%, and 0% and that of the IMPEDE score was 79%, 44%, 49.2%, and 23%, respectively. The areas under the curve of Padua and IMPEDE risk assessment scores were 0.591 and 0.722, respectively. Conclusion: IMPEDE score is suitable for predicting VTE within 6 months in patients with NDMM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6442-6456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008844

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Xianglian Pills(XLP) on lipid metabolism in obese mice and explore the underlying mechanism based on network pharmacology and intestinal flora. Firstly, network pharmacology was used to predict the possible effect of XLP on obesity. Secondly, an obese mouse model induced by a high-fat diet was established to observe changes in mouse body weight, adiposity index, liver and adipose tissue pathology. Lipid profiles, liver and kidney function markers, insulin content, and the expression of recombinant uncoupling protein 1(UCP-1) and PR structural domain protein 16(PRDM16) were measured. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology was used to analyze the changes in the intestinal flora. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis showed that XLP mainly played a role in improving obesity by regulating lipolysis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and insulin resistance. The results of animal experiments showed that XLP significantly reduced body weight, adiposity, blood lipid levels, and serum insulin levels in obese mice, while enhancing the expression of UCP-1 and PRDM16 in adipose tissue without causing damage to the liver or kidneys. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing results showed that XLP decreased the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes(F/B) ratio at the phylum level, increased the relative abundance of Akkermansia and Bacteroides at the family and genus levels, and reduced the abundance of Allobaculum. Therefore, XLP can effectively improve lipid metabolism disorders in high-fat diet-induced obese mice, and the mechanism is related to the improvement of brown adipose function, the browning of white fat, the accelerated lipid metabolism, and the improvement of intestinal flora. However, its effect on promoting the conversion of white adipose to brown adipose still needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Mice, Obese , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Network Pharmacology , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Obesity/genetics , Body Weight , Lipids , Insulin , Transcription Factors , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 455-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970482

ABSTRACT

This study explores the effect of total flavonoids of Rhododendra simsii(TFR) on middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO)-induced cerebral injury in rats and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation(OGD/R) injury in PC12 cells and the underlying mechanism. The MCAO method was used to induce focal ischemic cerebral injury in rats. Male SD rats were randomized into sham group, model group, and TFR group. After MCAO, TFR(60 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered for 3 days. The content of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1(IL-1), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The pathological changes of brain tissue and cerebral infarction were observed based on hematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining and 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride(TTC) staining. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein levels of calcium release-activated calcium channel modulator 1(ORAI1), stromal interaction molecule 1(STIM1), stromal intera-ction molecule 2(STIM2), protein kinase B(PKB), and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase 3(caspase-3) in brain tissues. The OGD/R method was employed to induce injury in PC12 cells. Cells were randomized into the normal group, model group, gene silencing group, TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1)) group, and TFR(30 μg·mL~(-1))+gene overexpression plasmid group. Intracellular Ca~(2+) concentration and apoptosis rate of PC12 cells were measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The effect of STIM-ORAI-regulated store-operated calcium entry(SOCE) pathway on TFR was explored based on gene silencing and gene overexpression techniques. The results showed that TFR significantly alleviated the histopathological damage of brains in MCAO rats after 3 days of admini-stration, reduced the contents of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in the serum, down-regulated the expression of ORAI1, STIM1, STIM2, and caspase-3 genes, and up-regulated the expression of PKB gene in brain tissues of MCAO rats. TFR significantly decreased OGD/R induced Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. However, it induced TFR-like effect by ORAI1, STIM1 and STIM2 genes silencing. However, overexpression of these genes significantly blocked the effect of TFR in reducing Ca~(2+) overload and apoptosis in PC12 cells. In summary, in the early stage of focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and OGD/R-induced injury in PC12 cells TFR attenuates ischemic brain injury by inhibiting the STIM-ORAI-regulated SOCE pathway and reducing Ca~(2+) overload and inflammatory factor expression, and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Rhododendron/chemistry
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1093-1098, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014068

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the regulatory effeet of Qifu Yin ( QFY) on JAK2/STAT3 pathway in rats with type 2 diabetic cognitive impairment.Methods A small dose of STZ combined with high-fat and high- sugar feed was used to build the model.After success, they were divided into model group, QFY low-dose, high-dose group, and metformin group.After four weeks of intervention, fasting blood glucose ( FBG ) was measured; Morris water maze was used to detect spatial learning and memory ability in rats; Nissl staining and immunofluorescence staining were respectively used to detect the degree of brain injury and the expression of lba-1 , a marker of microglia .EL1SA was used to detect the expression of TNF-cx, IL6, ILK) and BDNF.Western blot was employed to detect the expression of JAK2/STAT3 pathway.Results Compared with the control group, the model group showed significant increase in blood glucose, decreased spatial learning and memory capacity, severely damaged hipp-ocampal neurons, increased activated microglia, significantly higher levels of TNF-cx, 1L6, p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3, and signif icantly lower levels of ILK) and BDNF.Compared with the model group, QFY group effectively reduced FBG, inhibited the con-tinuous rise of FBG, improved learning and memory a- bility, improved hippocampal neuronal damage, reduced activated microglia, reduced TNF-cx, 1L6, p- JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 levels, and increased ILK) and BDNF levels.Conclusion QFY has been shown to improve type 2 diabetic cognitive impairment , and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of blood glucose rise and regulation of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway, thereby inhibiting microglia activation.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 37-42, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011618

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the feasibility of full-endoscopic posterolateral odontoidectomy through morphological analysis and cadaver specimen surgery. 【Methods】 We collected the DICOM data of 20 normal cervical CT patients (10 males and 10 females) from the PACS Image Library of our hospital. The Mimics software was used for cervical CT reconstruction and anatomical measurements were made to measure the maximum sagittal diameter, coronal diameter and height of the odontoid process. The C1 lateral mass could provide the maximum working height and width of endoscopic operation with a diameter of 7 mm, as well as the angle between the anchor point of C1 lateral mass and the notch on both sides of the odontoid process. The feasibility of endoscopic surgery was analyzed based on the measured data. The fresh frozen corpse was used for the operation in prone position under the guidance of C-arm. Kirschner wire was anchored at the midpoint of the lower surface of the C1 lateral mass. Part of the C1 lateral mass was removed by the grinding drill and endoscopic tools, and then the odontoid process and adjacent ligaments were removed. 【Results】 The maximum sagittal diameter, coronal diameter and height of the odontoid process were (11.73±0.74)mm, (10.97±0.71)mm and (14.51±0.91)mm, respectively. The working height and width of the C1 lateral mass were (13.53±0.57)mm and (10.00±1.27)mm, respectively. The angle between the anchor point and the double-edge notch of the odontoid process was (28.3±3.1)°, with no statistical difference between the male and female patients (P>0.05). All the measurements met the requirements of 7 mm endoscopic implantation and surgical operation, and the space for swing could be provided for complete or partial removal of the odontoid process to meet the requirements of ventral spinal decompression. In cadaver surgery, a fully endoscopic posterolateral approach enabled complete removal of the odontoid process by grinding part of the C1 lateral mass. Postoperative cervical CT confirmed that the odontoid process had been completely resected, and there were no signs of dural sac or vertebral artery injury. 【Conclusion】 The odontoid process can be completely resected through a posterolateral endoscopic approach via the lateral mass approach of C1, providing a new surgical method for clinical odontoidectomy to decompress the spinal cord in craniovertebral junction.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 166-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of protein kinase A (PKA)-cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway in sevoflurane-induced reduction of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)-induced cognitive impairment in rats.Methods:Forty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 4 months, weighing 300-350 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), group CPB, CPB+ sevoflurane group (group CS) and CPB+ sevoflurane+ PKA inhibitor H89 group (group CSH). After H89 5 μl was injected into the lateral ventricle in group CSH, the rats in group CS and group CSH were exposed to 2.4% sevoflurane for 1 h, and then the CPB model of beating heart without blood priming for 60 min was developed in CPB, CS and CSH groups.The autonomic movement ability was evaluated using the open field test at 2nd day after CPB.Morris water maze test was used to assess the cognitive function at 3rd day after CPB.The rats were sacrificed after the Morris water maze test, the brain was removed and the hippocampal tissues were isolated for determination of the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons (by flow cytometry) and expression of PKA, phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (by Western blot). Results:There was no significant difference in movement speed, distance and time of staying at the central region among the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group C, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was shortened, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was increased, and the expression of PKA, p-CREB and BDNF was down-regulated in the other three groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group CPB, the escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was prolonged, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was decreased, and the expression of PKA, p-CREB and BDNF was up-regulated in group CS ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the indexes mentioned above in group CSH ( P>0.05). Compared with group CS, the escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was reduced, and the time of staying at the original platform quadrant was shortened, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was increased, and the expression of PKA, p-CREB and BDNF was down-regulated in group CSH ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Sevoflurane can reduce the apoptosis in hippocampal neurons by activating PKA-CREB signaling pathway, and thus reducing the cognitive impairment induced by CPB in rats.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 179-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the quality of sleep in primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) patients and its impact on clinical features.Methods:One hundred patients with pSS who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2019 to April 2021 were included into this study. Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), fatigue severity score (FSS), Euro QOL five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D), beck depression inventory second edition (BDⅠ-Ⅱ) and visual analog scale (VAS) were used to assess patients' symptoms and overall condition. The data was statistically managed and compared by χ2 test, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Logistic regression. Results:The prevalence of sleep disorders in pSS patients was 42.0%(42/100). The prevalence of sleep disturbance in pSS patients without depression was 28.8%(17/59). The EQ-5D[0.66(0.59, 0.76)] and Eur-opean league against rheumatism Sj?gren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI) scores [1.0(0.0, 3.0)] were lower in patients in the sleep-disordered group than in those [0.76(0.71, 1.20) and 2.5(1.0, 4.0)] who slept well [ Z=3.07, P=0.012; Z=3.18, P=0.011], respectively. The European league against rheumatism Sj?gren's syndrome patients report index (ESSPRI) scores [6.2(4.8, 7.9)], VAS levels in overall dry eyes [60.0(21.4, 82.1)], anxiety [11.0(2.9, 43.0)], overall physician global assessment (PGA) [46.0(18.0, 65.0)], fatigue severity scale (FSS) [4.34(3.01, 5.61)], and BDⅠ-Ⅱ [15.1(7.3, 22.4)] in patients with sleep disorder were higher than those [4.1(2.8, 5.3), 40.0(7.0, 70.3), 2.3(0.0, 18.0), 11.0(0.0, 52.0), 2.45(1.65, 4.40), and 7.4(4.3, 12.8)] of the normal sleep group [ Z=2.03, P=0.043; Z=2.04, P=0.042; Z=2.19, P=0.031; Z=3.00, P=0.015; Z=3.43, P=0.001; Z=3.12, P=0.003]. The sleep-disordered group had higher levels of lymphocyte count (2.0±1.5)×10 9/L and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (46±20) mm/1 h respectively when compared with (1.4±1.3)×10 9/L and (38±17) mm/1 h in the good sleep group ( t=2.00, P=0.048; t=2.04, P=0.044). PSQI scores were negatively correlated with immunoglobulin (Ig)G ( r=-0.20, P=0.012) and ESSDAI ( r=-0.26, P=0.004), while positively correlated with FSS( r=0.38, P=0.001), BDⅠ~Ⅱ ( r=0.47, P=0.014), ESSPRI ( r=0.46, P=0.001), white blood cell count ( r=0.28, P=0.013) or neutrophil count ( r=0.26, P=0.009). The results of multifactorial analysis suggested that leukocytopenia [ OR(95% CI)=0.245(0.065, 0.692), P=0.005] was one of the risk factors for sleep disorders. Conclusion:Sleep disorders in pSS patients affects the patients' disease prognosis and activity index by affecting the patients' somatic symptoms, psychological profile and immune function. Active clinical multidis-ciplinary interventions for pSS patients are necessary, not only for better assisting physicians in the manage-ment of chronic diseases, but also for better help patients recovery of their physical and mental health.

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 286-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of ixazomib-based therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) .Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the efficacy and adverse reactions of 53 RRMM patients treated with a combined regimen containing ixazomib in the Hematology Department of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from July 8, 2018 to November 30, 2020. Among them, 6 patients received ID regimen (ixazomib + dexamethasone) , 30 patients received ID regimen + immunomodulator, and 17 patients received ID regimen + other chemotherapy drugs.Results:Fifty-three patients with RRMM received ixazomib-based therapy. The median previous treatment line was 3, the median treatment course was 6 (2-30) , and the median follow-up time was 21 months (2-32 months) . The overall response rate (ORR) was 54.7% (29/53) after 2 courses of treatment. Among them, 26.4% (14/53) had very good partial response (VGPR) and 28.3% (15/53) had partial response (PR) . The ORR of the ID regimen group, ID regimen + immunomodulator group and ID regimen + other chemotherapy group were 83.3% (5/6) , 56.7% (17/30) and 41.2% (7/17) respectively, with no statistically significant difference among the three groups ( P=0.208) . The median time to progression (TTP) of 53 patients was 8 months (1-24 months) . The most frequent adverse events of ixazomib treatment were gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomit and diarrhea, with an incidence of 37.7% (20/53) , and the incidence of grade 3-4 was 5.7% (3/53) . The most common hematological adverse events were thrombocytopenia (15.1%, 8/53) , neutropenia (11.3%, 6/53) and anemia (9.4%, 5/53) . Grade 1-2 peripheral neurotoxicity occurred in only 7.5% (4/53) of patients. Conclusion:Ixazomib has good efficacy and safety for the patients with RRMM in the real world.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 410-418, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the neuroprotective effect and the underlying mechanisms of a mixture of the main components of Panax notoginseng saponins (TSPN) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) of cultured cortical neurons.@*METHODS@#The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays. The morphology of dendrites was detected by immunofluorescence. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was developed in rats as a model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by neurological scoring, tail suspension test, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) and Nissl stainings. Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to measure the changes in the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#MTT showed that TSPN (50, 25 and 12.5 µ g/mL) protected cortical neurons after OGD/R treatment (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays indicated that 25 µ g/mL TSPN decreased neuronal apoptosis (P<0.05), and immunofluorescence showed that 25 µ g/mL TSPN restored the dendritic morphology of damaged neurons (P<0.05). Moreover, 12.5 µ g/mL TSPN downregulated the expression of Beclin-1, Cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3B-II/LC3B-I, and upregulated the levels of phosphorylated (p)-Akt and p-mTOR (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In the MCAO model, 50 µ g/mL TSPN improved defective neurological behavior and reduced infarct volume (P<0.05). Moreover, the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3B in cerebral ischemic penumbra was downregulated after 50 µ g/mL TSPN treatment, whereas the p-mTOR level was upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#TSPN promoted neuronal survival and protected dendrite integrity after OGD/R and had a potential therapeutic effect by alleviating neurological deficits and reversing neuronal loss. TSPN promoted p-mTOR and inhibited Beclin-1 to alleviate ischemic damage, which may be the mechanism that underlies the neuroprotective activity of TSPN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Beclin-1 , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Glucose , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Mammals/metabolism , Neuroprotection , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Oxygen , Panax notoginseng , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Saponins/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935934

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of chronic liver disease is a serious threat to public health, and the current comprehensive internal medicine treatment is ineffective. Liver transplantation is limited by the shortage of liver source and post-transplant rejection, and thus unmet the clinical needs. More importantly, cell therapy shows great promise for the treatment of chronic liver disease. Over recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out a variety of cell therapy preclinical and clinical trials for critical liver disease, and achieved certain results, providing new methods for the treatment of chronic liver diseases. This review discusses the cell therapy research status and application progress, various existing problems and challenges, and key issues of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of chronic liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Liver Diseases/therapy , Liver Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
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