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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 493-502, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016636

ABSTRACT

In 2023, drug discovery develops steadily, with improvement of small molecule drugs discovery keeps pace with biological drugs in this year. The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research of U.S. Food and Drug Administration has totally approved 55 kinds of new drugs which have significantly promotion compared to 37 new drugs approval in 2022, including 38 kinds of new molecular entities, 17 kinds of biological drugs, 5 kinds of gene therapeutics and 2 cell therapeutics. The proportion of first-in-class drugs increased steadily, with 13 small molecule first-in-class drugs and 7 biological first-in-class drugs approved this year, mostly in the fields of cancer and rare diseases. Among them, a plurality of first-initiated small molecule drugs exhibits breakthrough significance, such as the first neurokinin 3 (NK3) receptor antagonist fezolinetant, the first retinoic acid receptor (RIG-I) agonist palovarotene, the first protein kinase B (AKT) inhibitor capivasertib, the first complement factor B inhibitor iptacopan, etc. The pioneering drug has huge academic and commercial value, and has become the target of the academic and industrial circles. However, first-in-class drugs not only need new targets, new mechanisms and new molecules, but also need to comprehensively verify the causality between new targets and diseases, study the correlation between new mechanisms and drug efficacy, and explore the balance between new molecules and drug-manufacturing properties. This article analyzed the research background, development process and therapeutic application of three first-initiated small molecule drugs in this year, expecting to provide more research ideas and methods for more first-in-class drugs.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 64-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997658

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Dendrobium polysaccharides on the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway in 16HBE cells exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). MethodThe 16HBE cells were classified into the control, CSE, and CSE+ Dendrobium polysaccharides (100, 200, 400 mg·L-1) groups. The cell-counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was employed to measure the cell viability, and a microscope was used to observe the cell morphology. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure the levels of interleukin (IL)-8, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-13, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β in cell culture supernatants. Real-time PCR was carried out to determine the mRNA levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and IL-4. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of interleukin-4 receptor (IL-4R), TLR4, myeloid differentiation primary response protein 88 (MyD88), NF-κB, phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB (p-NF-κB), and nucleoproteins nuclear factor-κB (NEs-NF-κB). The immunofluorescence assay was employed to measure the nuclear translocation of NF-κB. ResultCompared with the control group, the CSE group showed elevated levels of IL-8, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-13, and TGF-β in the cell culture supernatants (P<0.05, P<0.01), up-regulated expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, p-NF-κB, NEs-NF-κB, and IL-4 (P<0.01), and significant nuclear translocation of NF-κB. Compared with the CSE group, Dendrobium polysaccharides increased the cell survival rate, recovered the cell activity, lowered the levels of IL-8, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-13, and TGF-β, down-regulated the expression of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, p-NF-κB, NEs-NF-κB, and IL-4 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced the nuclear translocation of NF-κB. ConclusionDendrobium polysaccharides showed significant protective effects on the 16HBE cells exposed to CSE by inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 12-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and feasibility of Ivor-Lewis procedure under uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopy(VATS) for esophageal cancer and Siewert type I esophago-gastric junction carcinoma.Methods:The patients with middle-lower segment esophageal cancer or Siewert type I esophago-gastric junction carcinoma received minimally invasive esophagectomy between October 2020 and June 2021, and the clinical data was collected and analyzed.Results:26 patients received Ivor-Lewis procedure underwent uniportal VATS, while 45 patients underwent McKeown surgery under multiport VATS. The average operation time of patients in the two groups were(265±110)min and (235±94)min, and the average intraoperative blood loss were(80±57)ml and(105±60)ml. The mean number of lymph nodes removed in the surgery were (19.3±2.9) and 18.6±2.7 respectively in two groups, and the mean length of hospital stay was(7.5±3.5)days and(8.3±2.7)days. The incidence of perioperative complications were not significantly different in two groups. The VAS score of patients received Ivor-Lewis procedure underwent uniportal VATS was lower than that of patients received McKeown surgery in ostoperative day 1, day 3, day 7 and 1 month. The difference was statistically significant in two groups( P<0.05). Conclusion:The Ivor-Lewis procedure under uniportal VATS for esophageal cancer and Siewert type I esophago-gastric junction carcinoma has the advantage of less postoperative pain, and the procedure is feasible in clinical practice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 437-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the histopathological features and treatment efficacy of different methods for metachronous early gastric cancer (MEGC) in the remnant stomach.Methods:A total of 66 patients [38 endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and 28 gastrectomy] with MEGC in the remnant stomach from January 2014 to December 2020 in Drum Tower Hospital were divided into the ESD group and the gastrectomy group. The baseline characteristics, histopathological features, treatment efficacy, and cost differences of the two groups were analyzed.Results:The MEGC in the remnant stomach mostly occurred in elderly male patients, with the mean age of 69.7±8.5 years. The mean interval of the occurrence of MEGC in the remnant stomach was 6 years. As for the tumor location, the gastric body (31.6%) was the main location in the ESD group and gastric cardia (53.6%) in the gastrectomy group with significant difference ( χ2=11.07, P=0.026). The mean operation time, hospital stay, postoperative fasting time, and total treatment cost were 80.0 min, 6.0 d, 1.5 d, ¥19 436 in the ESD group and 215.0 min, 19.0 d, 6.5 d, and ¥68 665 in the gastrectomy group, respectively, with significant differences between the two groups ( P<0.05). The overall survival rate during follow-up was 76.3% in the ESD group and 71.4% in the gastrectomy group with no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.736, P=0.778). In terms of postoperative complications, the incidences of bleeding and infection were 7.9% and 5.3% in the ESD group, and those of obstruction and infection were both 14.3% in the gastrectomy group. There was significant difference in the incidences of postoperative obstruction between the two groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:ESD is safe and effective for MEGC in the remnant stomach and is better than gastrectomy in terms of the treatment cost and operation time, but the long-term efficacy still needs to be validated by large-scale prospective studies.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 379-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) for the treatment of biliary obstruction at different locations.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2021 data of 82 patients with obstructive jaundice treated with EUS-HGS in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital were reviewed in this retrospective cohort study. According to the location of biliary obstruction,patients were divided into hilar biliary obstruction group ( n=30) and distal biliary obstruction group ( n=52). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted adjusting covariates to compare the technical success rate, the clinical success rate, the adverse reaction incidence, hospital stay and cost of the two groups. Results:The technical success rates were 93.3% (28/30) and 94.2% (49/52) in the hilar biliary obstruction group and the distal biliary obstruction group with no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.870, OR=1.17, 95% CI: 0.18-7.41). The clinical success rates were 83.3% (25/30) and 88.5% (46/52) in the hilar biliary obstruction group and the distal biliary obstruction group with no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.514, OR=1.53, 95% CI: 0.43-5.53). The incidence of adverse events in hilar biliary obstruction group was 10.0% (3/30), including cholangitis 3.3% (1/30), biliary fistula 6.7% (2/30), biliary peritonitis 6.7% (2/30). The incidence of adverse events in patients with distal biliary obstruction was 17.3% (9/52), including cholangitis 9.6% (5/52), biliary fistula 7.7% (4/52) and biliary peritonitis 5.8% (3/52). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:There is no significant difference in safety or efficacy of EUS-HGS for hilar biliary obstruction and distal biliary obstruction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 555-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae ( Mp) in children undergoing physical examination. Methods:This study randomly enrolled 1 303 children at the age of 6-12 years who underwent physical examination in 2023. Their oral and pharyngeal swabs as well as venous blood samples were collected. The prevalence of Mp in these subjects was detected using isolation and culturing, nucleic acid detection and serological test. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 1 303 children, the detection rate of Mp was 4.1% (53/1 303) by culturing, 7.3% (95/1 303) by nucleic acid detection and 13.6% (177/1 303) by serological test. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences in the the detection rates of Mp among children undergoing physical examination between the three methods ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The detection rate of Mp in children undergoing physical examination in 2023 was about 4.1%. Isolation and culturing was more accurate than nucleic acid detection and serological test in the detection of Mp in healthy population as the latter two methods would overestimate the rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 199-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of long-distance application of Oral Reading for Language with Aphasia (ORLA) training on patients with post-stroke aphasia.Methods:A total of 42 stroke survivors with aphasia were randomly divided into an inpatient group, and two online groups, each of 14. All three groups had their routine rehabilitation treatment supplemented with ordinary multimodal language therapy and ORLA. The inpatient group completed the routine in the rehabilitation treatment room, while the online groups completed it at home using Tencent video conferencing software. The conventional multimodal language therapy was conducted once daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. For the inpatient group and online group 2 the daily session lasted 30 minutes, while for the online 1 groups the daily length was doubled. The ORLA therapy was also conducted once daily, 5 days a week for 4 weeks, for the inpatient group and online group 2 the daily session lasted 1h, while for the online 1 groups the daily length was 30min.The speech function, reading ability and life quality of the three groups were evaluated before and after the intervention using the Western Aphasia Battery, the Chinese Standard Aphasia Examination Scale and the Chinese version of the Stroke Aphasia Quality of Life Scale.Results:After treatment, the average aphasia quotient (AQ), reading, naming and quality of life scores in all three groups had improved significantly compared with those before treatment. And related language ability scores (such as retelling, fluency, information volume, listening comprehension, etc.) had also improved significantly in all three groups. However, the average AQ, reading, and oral fluency scores of the inpatient group and online group 2 were significantly higher than those of online group 1. Significant improvement was also observed in the reading aloud and life quality of all three groups, but the average improvement in reading aloud was significantly greater in the inpatient group and in online group 2 compared to online group 1. The average life quality of the online groups was significantly superior to that of the inpatient group.Conclusion:Medium- and high-intensity ORLA synchronous remote speech rehabilitation can significantly improve the speech ability, reading ability and life quality of aphasic stroke survivors.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 365-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of different anti-platelet regimens in the treatment of high-risk non-disabling ischemic cerebrovascular events (HR-NICE) guided by point-of-care testing of CYP2C19 gene. Methods:A single-centre, prospective, randomised, open-label, and blinded endpoint design was uesd in the study. From July 2020 to January 2022, HR-NICE patients were enrolled in the Stroke Green Channel and Department of Neurology of Xuzhou Central Hospital, and all patients were scraped the buccal mucosa for screening for CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriers by point-of-care testing . Patients with intermediate metabolism were defined as those who carried 1 loss-of-function allele and patients with poor metabolism were those who carried 2 loss-of-function alleles. This study reduced the test turnaround time to 1 hour by using a fully automated medical polymerase chain reaction analyzer for a point-of-care test of CYP2C19 genotype. CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele carriers were divided according to the random number table method into the conventional treatment group (clopidogrel 75 mg, once a day), the ticagrelor group (ticagrelor 90 mg, twice a day) and the intensive dose group (clopidogrel 150 mg, once a day) separately combined with aspirin (100 mg, once a day) dual antiplatelet for 21 days. Baseline information, Acute Stroke Org 10172 Treatment Trial staging, 90-day modified Rankin Scale score, occurrence of adverse events and severe adverse events were collected for all the 3 groups. The primary efficacy outcome was new stroke within 90 days, and the primary safety outcome was severe or moderate bleeding within 90 days. Results:A total of 716 patients were included: 240 in the conventional treatment group, 240 in the ticagrelor group and 236 in the intensive dose group. There was no statistically significant difference between the 3 groups at baseline (all P>0.05). There were 26 cases (10.8%) with new stroke events in the conventional treatment group, 11 cases (4.6%) in the ticagrelor group and 4 cases (1.7%) in the intensive dose group, with statistically significant differences among the 3 groups (χ 2=19.28, P<0.05), and the differences between the conventional treatment group and the ticagrelor group (χ 2=6.59, P=0.010) and between the conventional treatment group and the intensive dose group (χ 2=16.83, P<0.001) were statistically significant, whereas the difference between the ticagrelor group and the intensive dose group was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). In the 3 groups, there was 1 case (0.4%) of severe bleeding in the conventional treatment group, 6 cases (2.5%) in the ticagrelor group and none in the intensive dose group, which showed statistically significant differences (χ 2=7.23, P<0.05), and there was statistically significant difference between the ticagrelor group and the intensive dose group ( P=0.030). Among the patients with intermediate CYP2C19 metabolism, there were 13 cases (13/158, 8.2%) with 90-day recurrent stroke in the conventional treatment group, 4 cases (4/153, 2.6%) in the ticagrelor group, and 0 case (0/159) in the intensive dose group, with statistically significant difference (χ 2=16.04, P<0.001), and the differences between the intensive dose group and the conventional treatment group were statistically significant (χ 2=13.64, P<0.001), whereas there was no statistically significant difference between the intensive dose group and the ticagrelor group ( P>0.05). In the patients with 90-day recurrent stroke in the intensive dose group, there was 0 case (0/159) with intermediate metabolism and 4 cases (4/77,5.2%) with poor metabolism, with statistically significant differences ( P=0.011), whereas there were no statistically significant differences in the conventional treatment group and the ticagrelor group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Screening carriers of CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles by point-of-care testing can quickly and precisely guide the treatment of patients with non-cardiogenic HR-NICE. An intensive clopidogrel dose of 150 mg, once a day combined with aspirin was effective in reducing stroke recurrence with less occurrence of any bleeding and adverse events, and patients with intermediate CYP2C19 metabolism may be the best population to benefit.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 960-963, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994789

ABSTRACT

The clinical and imaging data of 99 patients with Graves′ disease, 78 patients with thyroiditis and 28 patients with other diseases (resolving thyroiditis, non thyroid disease and simple goiter) who underwent thyroid scintigraphy in Beijing Shijingshan Hospital from January 2016 to March 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. The UR value of thyroid scintigraphy was calculated and ROC curve was used to assess the UR value in diagnosis of Graves′ disease. The UR value of patients with Graves′ hyperthyroidism was significantly higher than that of patients with thyroiditis and other diseases ( H=163.62, P<0.05). UR>4.84 was taken as optimal cutoff value to diagnose Graves′ hyperthyroidism, with the sensitivity and specificity of 95.0% and 98.1%, respectively.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 496-499, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate a surgical approach for partial resection of the tenth rib through a retroperitoneal approach for the exposure of Crawford type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and complex abdominal aortic aneurysm from 2014 to 2019.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data and follow-up results of 7 patients who underwent treatment for Crawford type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and complex abdominal aortic aneurysm through partial resection of the tenth rib via a retroperitoneal approach.Results:One case (14.3%) had associated Marfan syndrome, and 5 cases (71.4%) underwent left renal artery reconstruction. None of the patients experienced severe complications such as cardiopulmonary complications or renal failure postoperatively, and there was no statistically significant difference in serum creatinine levels between preoperative and postoperative stages during hospitalization ( P=0.205). Follow-up examinations showed no long-term vascular stenosis. Conclusions:Partial resection of the tenth rib through a retroperitoneal approach can avoid incisions of the pleura and diaphragm. It allows for the exposure of the aorta below the diaphragm and has the ability to treat aortic diseases below the diaphragm with smaller incisions and lower complication risks.

11.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 322-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the protective effect of pressure-controlled volume-guaranteed ventilation (PC-VG) combined with dexmedetomidine on the lung of pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.Methods:Forty-eight pediatric patients of either sex, aged 2-6 yr, weighing 8-21 kg, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pyeloplasty, were divided into 3 groups ( n=16 each) using a random number table method: volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) group (V group), PC-VG group (P group), and PC-VG combined with dexmedetomidine group (PD group). In PD group, dexmedetomidine was intravenously infused for 15 min at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg starting from the time point before anesthesia induction followed by a continuous infusion of 0.2-0.5 μg·kg -1·h -1 until the end of operation. VCV mode was used in group V, and PC-VG mode was used in P and PD groups, ventilator settings were adjusted to the mode with a tidal volume 6-8 ml/kg, respiratory rate 15-25 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, oxygen flow rate 2 L/min, fraction of inspired oxygen 60%, and P ETCO 2 was maintained at 35-40 mmHg during mechanical ventilation in three groups. At 5 min before pneumoperitoneum (T 0), 10, 60 and 120 min of pneumoperitoneum (T 1-3) and 10 min after release of pneumoperitoneum pressure (T 4), peak airway pressure (Ppeak), mean airway pressure (Pmean), compliance of lung (C L) and airway resistance (Raw) were recorded, alveolar-arterial oxygen partial pressure difference (PA-aO 2), oxygenation index (OI), and respiratory index (RI) were recorded. The occurrence of pulmonary complications was recorded within 7 days after operation. Results:Compared with V group, the Ppeak and Raw were significantly decreased and C L was increased at T 1-4, and PA-aO 2 and RI were decreased and OI was increased at T 3, 4 in P group and PD group ( P<0.05). Compared with P group, no significant change was found in the parameters of respiratory mechanics mentioned above at each time point ( P>0.05), and PA-aO 2 and RI were decreased and OI was increased at T 3, 4 in PD group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:PC-VG combined with dexmedetomidine has a certain lung-protective effect in pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 412-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the changes of right ventricular myocardial perfusion in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) pig models with a quantitative analysis technique based on dynamic SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging, and analyze the relationship between myocardial blood flow, hemodynamics and right ventricular function.Methods:Eleven Chinese miniature pigs (all males, 6-8 months old) weighing 25-30 kg were selected. The PAH models were established by ligating the main pulmonary artery and embolizing the right lower pulmonary artery. After the models were established, dynamic myocardial perfusion imaging with one-day resting/adenosine stress 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) SPECT was performed, and the quantitative parameters of left and right ventricles were obtained, including stress myocardial blood flow (SMBF), rest myocardial blood flow (RMBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR: the ratio of stress to rest myocardial blood flow). Right heart catheterization was performed to evaluate the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), and the right heart function index tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. According to TAPSE, animals were divided into right heart function preserved group ( n=5, TAPSE≥17 mm) and right heart dysfunction group ( n=4, TAPSE<17 mm). Pearson correlation analysis and the independent-sample t test were used for data analysis. Results:Nine experimental pig models were established with increased mPAP of (38.1 ± 11.6 ) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Myocardial perfusion imaging showed clear radiotracer uptake in the right heart and myocardial hypertrophy. There was a significant positive correlation between right ventricular myocardial RMBF ((0.71±0.13) ml·min -1·g -1) and mPAP ( r=0.94, P< 0.001). The SMBF in the decreased right ventricular function group was significantly lower than that in the preserved right ventricular function group ((1.66±0.35) vs (2.24±0.30) ml·min -1·g -1;t=2.68, P=0.032). Conclusion:SPECT myocardial blood flow quantification can be used to evaluate the right ventricular myocardial blood flow in pig models of PAH.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 308-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993596

ABSTRACT

Myocardial fibrosis is one of the important pathological mechanisms in cardiac diseases. Non-invasive evaluation of fibrosis is of great clinical significance. Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is selectively expressed in the membrane of activated fibroblasts. Radionuclide labeled FAP inhibitors (FAPI) serve as novel imaging agents, which specifically target to the process of fibrotic remodeling. This article reviews the research progress of radionuclide labeled FAPI PET imaging in cardiac diseases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the diagnostic value of ATP stress myocardial perfusion imaging(MPI) in detecting coronary heart disease (CAD) with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) as the gold standard.Methods:A total of 95 consecutive patients (65 males, 30 females, age (56.2±8.5) years) who underwent ATP stress/rest MPI and coronary angiography (CAG) within one month in Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from May 2018 to December 2018 were enrolled prospectively. The adverse reactions of ATP stress test were observed. Semi-quantitative analysis was performed on MPI results, and the summed stress score (SSS), summed rest score (SRS) and summed difference score (SDS) were obtained. Quantitative analysis was performed on CAG images, and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis was analyzed. Using QCA as the gold standard, the diagnostic efficiency of ATP stress MPI was calculated. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to analyzed the relationship between SSS and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis.Results:In 95 cases, the incidence of adverse reactions in ATP stress test was 73.7%(70/95), which could be relieved automatically after drug withdrawal. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of ATP stress MPI in diagnosing coronary artery stenosis ≥50% were 45.3%(24/53), 81.0%(34/42), 75.0%(24/32), 54.0%(34/63) and 61.1%(58/95) respectively, which were 15/16, 78.5%(62/79), 46.9%(15/32), 98.4%(62/63), and 81.1%(77/95) respectively in diagnosing coronary artery stenosis ≥70%. There was moderate correlation between SSS and the degree of QCA coronary artery stenosis ( r=0.418, P=0.017). Conclusion:ATP stress MPI has a clinical value in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in CAD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 220-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of bedside ultrasound in evaluating volume responsiveness of patients with septic shock.Methods:A total of 102 patients with septic shock admitted to ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from April 2018 to February 2021 were selected. Patients were divided into response group and non-response group according to the value of stroke volume increase (ΔSV) after volume loading test (VE), and the hemodynamic parameters before and after VE were compared between the two groups. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the relationship between ΔSV and hemodynamic indexes. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of each hemodynamic index in evaluating volumetric reactivity in patients with septic shock.Results:Of the 102 patients, 54 responded and 48 did not. Before VE, the distensibility index of inferior vena cava (ΔIVC 1), espiratory variability index of inferior vena cava (ΔIVC 2), respiratory variability of aortic peak velocity (ΔVpeak AO), brachial artery maximum velocity variability (ΔVpeak BA) and respiratory rate of peak flow velocity of femoral artery (ΔVpeak CFA) in response group were higher than those in non-response group (all P<0.05), but there was no statistical significance in heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and central venous pressure (CVP) between 2 groups (all P>0.05). After VE, the HR, ΔIVC 1, ΔIVC 2, ΔVpeak AO, ΔVpeak BA and ΔVpeak CFA in response group were significantly decreased, while MAP and CVP were significantly increased (all P<0.05). The CVP was significantly decreased in the non-response group ( P<0.05), while other indexes were not significantly changed. Before VE, the ΔIVC 1, ΔIVC 2, ΔVpeak AO, ΔVpeak BA and ΔVpeak CFA were positively correlated with ΔSV ( r=0.589, 0.647, 0.697, 0.621, 0.766; all P<0.05). There was no correlation between CVP and ΔSV ( r=-0.345, P>0.05). Before VE, the area under the curve of ΔIVC 1, ΔIVC 2, ΔVpeak AO, ΔVpeak BA and ΔVpeak CFA were all >0.7, indicating high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusions:Bedside ultrasound monitoring ΔIVC, ΔVpeak AO, ΔVpeak BA and ΔVpeak CFA can better evaluate the volume response of patients with septic shock, and can provide a reference basis for clinical fluid resuscitation treatment.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prognostic model for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) based on CT scores and inflammatory factors, and to evaluate its efficacy.Methods:128 patients with SAP diagnosed admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei North College from March 2019 to December 2021 were enrolled and given Ulinastatin combined with continuous blood purification therapy. The levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukins (IL-6, IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and D-dimer were measured before and on the third day of treatment. An abdominal CT was performed on the third day of treatment to assess the modified CT severity index (MCTSI) and extra-pancreatic inflammatory CT score (EPIC). Patients were divided into the survival group ( n = 94) and the death group ( n = 34) according to the 28-day survival prognosis after admission. The risk factors for the SAP prognosis were analyzed using Logistic regression, which was then used to build nomogram regression models. The value of the model was evaluated using the concordance index (C-index), calibration curves and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results:Before treatment, the levels of CRP, PCT, IL-6, IL-8 and D-dimer in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. After treatment, the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. MCTSI and EPIC scores in the survival group were lower than those in the death group. Logistic regression analysis shows that, pre-treatment CRP > 140.70 mg/L, D-dimer > 2.00 mg/L, and post-treatment IL-6 > 31.28 ng/L, IL-8 > 31.04 ng/L, TNF-α > 31.04 ng/L, and MCTSI > 8 points were all independent risk factors for SAP prognosis [odds ratios ( OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were 8.939 (1.792-44.575), 6.369 (1.368-29.640), 8.546 (1.664-43.896), 5.239 (1.108-24.769), 4.808 (1.126-20.525), 18.569 (3.931-87.725), all P < 0.05]. Model 1 (consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) had a lower C-index than that model 2 (consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, and MCTSI; 0.988 vs. 0.995). The mean absolute error (MAE) and mean square error (MSE) of model 1 (0.034, 0.003) were higher than those of model 2 (0.017, 0.001). When the threshold probability was in the range of 0-0.66 or 0.72-1.00, the net benefit of model 1 was lower than that of model 2. When the threshold probability was in the range of 0.66-0.72, the net benefit of model 1 was higher than that of model 2. In addition, model 2 had a higher C-index than acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHE Ⅱ) and bedside index of acute pancreatitis severity (BISAP, 0.995 vs. 0.833, 0.751). Model 2 had a lower MAE (0.017) and MSE (0.001) than APACHEⅡ (0.041, 0.002). Model 2 had a lower MAE than BISAP (0.025). Model 2 had a higher net benefit than both APACHEⅡ and BISAP. Conclusion:The prognostic assessment model of SAP consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, and MCTSI has high discrimination, precision and clinical application value, and is superior to APACHEⅡ and BISAP.

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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 167-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of minimally invasive catheterization based on computer 3D-Slicer software system in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH).Methods:Three hundred and fifty patients with HICH treated in People′s Hospital of Lanling County in Shandongfrom June 2019 to June 2020 were selected as the research object. According to the operation method, they were divided into 3D-Slicer group (175 cases) and CT group (175 cases). They were treated with 3D-Slicer software-assisted minimally invasive catheterization and minimally invasive soft-channel drainage under CT localization, respectively. The general conditions of the surgery, hematoma clearance rate and laboratory indexes, oxidative stress index and prognosis were compared between the two groups.Results:The intraoperative blood loss, the hospitalizationtimein the 3D-Slicer group were lower than those in the CT group: (81.42 ± 12.33) ml vs. (101.54 ± 11.71) ml, (15.67 ± 3.71) d vs. (17.22 ± 3.52) d; the success rate of one-time successful puncture to preset position in the 3D-Slicer group was higher than that in the CT group: 100.00%(175/175) vs. 81.14%(142/175), there were statistical differences ( χ 2 = 34.26, P<0.05). The hematoma clearance rate after the surgery for 1, 3 and 7d in the 3D-Slicer group were higher than those in the CT group:(87.93 ± 8.54)% vs. (66.43 ± 7.99)%, (92.48 ± 10.31)% vs. (89.52 ± 11.74)%, (96.37 ± 10.22)% vs. (94.30 ± 9.25)%, there were statistical differences( P<0.05). After the surgery for 7 d, the levels of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in the 3D-Slicer group were higher than those in the CT group: (121.36 ± 10.59)U/L vs. (109.14 ± 9.05) U/L, (92.80 ± 8.63) μg/L vs. (81.45 ± 9.11) μg/L, (24.64 ± 5.43) U/L vs. (20.84 ± 3.47) U/L; while the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) was lower than that in the CT group: (4.42 ± 0.57)μmol/L vs. (5.19 ± 0.51) μmol/L, there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). After the surgery for 3 months, the rate of favorable prognosis in the 3D-Slicer group was higher than that in the CT group 73.71%(129/175) vs. 62.29%(199/175), there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 5.25, P<0.05). Conclusions:Minimally invasive catheterization based on 3D-Slicer software system in the treatment of HICH can not only improve the clinical efficacy, but also shorten the hospitalization time, reduce intraoperative blood loss, and improve the prognosis.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 916-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 23 patients who underwent radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from January 2019 to May 2022 were collected. There were 17 males and 6 females, aged 58(range, 33-73)years. After neoadjuvant conversion therapy, the three-dimensional (3D) visualization was used to evaluate and classify tumor vascular invasion, and surgical plan was planned and implemented. Observation indicators: (1) situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy; (2) surgical situations; (3) postoperative histopathological examination; (4) postoperative recovery; (5) follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribution were represen-ted as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) or M( Q1, Q3). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy. All 23 patients received the AG combination chemotherapy (albumin-paclitaxel+gemcitabine), including 14 patients combined with stereotactic body radiation therapy. Of the 23 patients, 22 cases achieved partial response, and 1 case showed stable disease. The CA19-9 of the 23 patients was 85.06(29.74,634.5)U/mL and 13.96(9.74,25.02)U/mL before and after neoadjuvant conversion therapy, respectively. (2) Surgical situations. According to the results of preoperative 3D visualization of tumor vascular invasion, 7 of the 23 patients were evaluated as arterial invasion, 8 cases were evaluated as venous invasion, 5 cases were evaluated as arterial and venous invasion, and there were 3 cases showing negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, 12 cases underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 4 cases underwent radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy, 7 cases underwent total pancreaticoduodenectomy. For vascular reconstruction, there were 10 patients without vascular reconstruction, and there were 13 patients undergoing artificial vascular vein reconstruction. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 23 patients was (524±171)minutes and 1 000(400,1 600)mL, respectively. (3) Postoperative histopathological exami-nation. Results of postoperative histopathological examination in 23 patients showed that there were 2 cases with moderate-well differentiated tumor, 10 cases with moderate differentiated tumor, 7 cases with moderate-poorly differentiated tumor, 2 cases with poorly differentiated tumor, and 2 cases negative of tumor. The number of lymph node dissected in 23 patients was 16±7. There were 5 cases with lymph node metastasis and 18 cases without lymph node metastasis. There were 17 cases with nerve invasion and 6 cases without nerve invasion. All 23 patients were negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, there were 21 cases with R 0 resection and 2 cases with R 1 resection. For pathological TNM staging, there were 2 cases with 0 stage, 13 cases with Ⅰ stage, 7 cases with Ⅱ stage, and 1 case with Ⅳ stage. For postoperative pathological scoring, there were 2 cases achieved 0 point (complete pathological remission), 16 cases achieved 2 points (partial remission), and 5 cases achieved 3 points (no significant effect). (4) Postoperative recovery. The postoperative duration of hospital stay of 23 patients was 19(14,31)days. There were 17 of 23 patients underwent postoperative complications, including 11 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅱ stage complications, 3 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲa stage complications, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲb stage complication, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅳ stage complication, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅴ stage complica-tion. (5) Follow-up. There were 22 patients underwent follow-up, with follow-up time as 12(9,23)months. There were 9 patients underwent postoperative recurrence and metastasis, with recurrence and metastasis time as 7.8(range, 6.0-12.0)months. During the follow-up, 15 of the 22 patients survived. Conclusion:Radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy is feasible.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 873-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical efficacy and prognosis influencing factors of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2004 to April 2021 were collected. There were 59 males and 32 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014 underwent traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, and patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021 underwent multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examina-tions; (4) postoperative prognosis analysis; (5) influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination. Patients were followed up once every 6 months after surgery to detect survival. The follow-up was up to April 2023. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Surgical situations. Of the 91 patients, there were 65 cases receiving hemi- or expanded hemi-hepatectomy, 13 cases receiving tri-hepatectomy, 9 cases receiving partial hepatectomy, 4 cases receiving extrahepatic bile duct resection. There were 24 cases receiving combined vein resection and reconstruction, 8 cases receiving combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, 6 cases receiving com-bined hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, including 24 cases receiving extended radical surgery (tri-hepatectomy, hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, hepatopancreaticoduodenec-tomy). The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative blood transfusion rate of 91 patients was (590±124)minutes, 800(range, 500?1 200)mL and 75.8%(69/91), respectively. Of the 91 patients, cases receiving extended radical surgery, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 4, 650(range, 300?1 000)mL in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 20, 875 (range, 500?1 375)mL in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=4.39, Z=0.31, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative situations. The postoperative duration of hospital stay and cases with postoperative infectious complications were (27±17)days and 50 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection, cases with infection of incision, cases with bacteremia and cases with pulmonary infection were 43, 7, 5, 8 in the 91 patients. One patient might have multiple infectious complications. Cases with bile leakage, cases with delayed gastric emptying, cases with chylous leakage, cases with liver failure, cases with pancreatic fistula, cases with intraperitoneal hemorrhage, cases with reoperation, cases dead during the postoperative 90 days were 30, 9, 9, 6, 5, 3, 6, 3 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection was 10 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 33 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.24, P<0.05). Cases dead during the postoperative 90 days was 3 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 0 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Post-operative pathological examinations. Of the 91 patients, cases with Bismuth type as type Ⅰ?Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, type Ⅳ, cases with T staging as Tis stage, T1 stage, T2a?2b stage, T3 stage, T4 stage, cases with N staging as N0 stage, N1 stage, N2 stage, cases with M staging as M0 stage, M1 stage, cases with TNM staging as 0 stage, Ⅰ stage, Ⅱ stage, Ⅲ stage, ⅣA stage, ⅣB stage, cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 46, 30, 1, 9, 25, 30, 26, 49, 36, 6, 85, 6, 1, 7, 13, 58, 6, 6, 63, 28. Cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 16 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 48, 12 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=9.59, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative prognosis analysis. Of the 91 patients, 3 cases who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded, and the 5-year overall survival rate and median overall survival time of the rest of 88 cases were 44.7% and 55 months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 33.5% in the 28 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 50.4% in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.31, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that the corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases without lymph node metastasis was 43.8% in the 16 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 61.6% in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was a significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients without lymph node metastasis ( χ2=3.98, P<0.05). The corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases with lymph node metastasis was 18.5% in the 12 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 37.7% in the 29 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients with lymph node metastasis ( χ2=2.25, P>0.05). (5) Influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection were inde-pendent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma ( hazard ratio=2.62, 2.71, 95% confidence interval as 1.30?5.29, 1.30?5.69, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment can expand surgical indications, reduce proportion of dead patients within 90 days after surgery, improve proportation of radical resection and long-term survival rate. Poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection are independent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

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