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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(1): 74-79, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365534

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of mivacurium in the application of fast-track anesthesia for transthoracic device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in children. Methods: The data of 108 children who underwent transthoracic device closure of VSDs from December 2018 to June 2020 were recorded and analyzed. All children were divided into group M (mivacurium group, n=55) and group C (cisatracurium group, n=53) according to the different muscle relaxant drug used. Results: No statistically significant differences in general preoperative data, intraoperative hemodynamic changes, or the incidence of adverse reactions were noted between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the intubation condition rating of children in group M was better than that in group C. The onset time, duration of clinical action and recovery index of the muscle relaxant, postoperative mechanical ventilation duration, and length of intensive care unit stay in group M were significantly lower than those in group C (P<0.05). Conclusion: It is safe and feasible to use mivacurium as a muscle relaxant in children undergoing fast-track cardiac anesthesia during transthoracic device closure of VSDs.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 731-735, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the related factors affecting the prognosis of children with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC).Methods:Twenty children with PNAC admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2014 to December 2020 were selected as research objects by retrospective study. According to prognosis, children were divided into good (15 cases) and poor prognosis group (5 cases). Clinical data such as general condition, intravenous nutrition duration, related biochemical examination indexes and main treatment methods of children in the two groups were collected. Spearman correlation analysis was used to quantify the correlation between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and poor prognosis. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of ALT on the prognosis of children.Results:There were no significant differences in gender, body weight, gestational age, age, feeding mode, duration of intravenous nutrition, direct bilirubin (DBil), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), total protein (TP), serum albumin (Alb), globulin (GLB), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), platelet count (PLT), white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), lymphocyte count (LYM), urine culture, AST/PLT ratio (APRI) and main treatment methods between the two groups. Total bilirubin (TBil), ALT, neutrophil count (NEU) and monocyte count (MONO) in the good prognosis group were significantly lower than those in the poor prognosis group [TBil (μmol/L): 120.00±48.63 vs. 175.26±29.14, ALT (U/L): 73.25±44.29 vs. 145.30±74.33, NEU (×10 9/L): 2.55±1.29 vs. 5.08±4.10, MONO (×10 9/L): 1.23±0.87 vs. 2.13±0.60, all P < 0.05]. Logistic regression analysis showed that ALT was the risk factor affecting the prognosis of children with PNAC, when ALT increased by 1 U/L, the probability of poor prognosis increased by 3.6% [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.04, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.00-1.07, P = 0.04]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the incidence of poor prognosis was positively correlated with ALT ( r = 0.49, P = 0.03). ROC analysis showed that ALT had certain predictive value for the prognosis of children with PNAC [area under ROC cure (AUC) = 0.83, 95% CI was 0.00-1.00, P = 0.03]; when the cut-off value was 121.50 U/L, its sensitivity was 80% and specificity was 93%, suggesting that ALT could be used as the main indicator for clinical prediction of poor prognosis for PNAC. Conclusion:ALT is an independent risk factor of poor prognosis in children with PNAC.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + regulatory T cell (Treg) expression levels in peripheral blood of pregnant women with premature rupture of fetal membranes(PROM) on immune function of helper T cells (Th) 1/Th2. Methods:Thirty cases of pregnant women with PROM (PROM group), 30 cases of normal pregnant women (normal pregnancy group) and 30 cases of normal non-pregnant women (non-pregnancy group) who treated in Binhai County People′s Hospital from September 2019 to May 2020 were collected. Peripheral blood of each group was collected and the proportion of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Treg was determined by flow cytometry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were extracted and FoxP3 mRNA was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The levels of Th1-related cytokines interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin (IL)-2, and Th2-related cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 were measured by Luminex liquid phase microarray. The effects of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Tregexpression on Th1/Th2 balance were analyzed. Results:The proportion of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Tregand the expression of FoxP3 mRNA in PROM groupand normal pregnancy group were lower than those in non-pregnancy group: (0.15 ± 0.03) %, (0.35 ± 0.09) % vs. (0.47 ± 0.11) %; 0.89 ± 0.11, 3.15 ± 0.67 vs. 3.75 ± 0.23 , the proportion of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Treg and the expression of FoxP3 mRNA in PROM groupwere lower than those in the normal pregnancy group , and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of Th1-related cytokines IFN-γ and IL-2 in PROM group and normal pregnancy group were higher than those in non-pregnancy group, the level of Th2-related cytokines IL-4 was lower than that in non-pregnancy group , the levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 in PROM group were higher than those in normal pregnancy group, the level of IL-4 was lower than that in normal pregnancy group , and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). In PROM group, the proportion of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Treg and the expression of FoxP3 mRNA in peripheral blood were negatively correlated with Th1-related cytokines IFN-γ ( r = - 0.413, -0.451, P<0.05) and IL-22 ( r = -0.645, -0.535, P<0.05), and were positively correlated with Th2-related cytokines IL-4 ( r = 0.558, 0.469, P<0.05). Conclusions:The proportion of CD 8+ CD 25+ FoxP3 + Treg in peripheral blood of pregnant women with PROM is lower, and the expression level of related FoxP3 mRNA is lower, which all affecte the Th1/Th2 immune balance and cause Th1 immune drift, which may be the related immune mechanism of PROM.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1859-1862, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907078

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of children with ASD in central and eastern Inner Mongolia, and to provide theoretical basis for disease prevention and prevalence of ASD.@*Methods@#Sixteen primary schools and kindergartens were selected from 5 cities in central and eastern Inner Mongolia through random cluster sampling. A total of 15 817 children aged 3-14 years were selected. Children who were positive using Clancy Autism Behavior Scale were further diagnosed according to the teacher s nomination form and the Autism Behavior Checklist, as well as the diagnostic criteria of the fifth edition of the American Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders by 2 professionals.@*Results@#The prevalence of ASD was 0.27% (42/15 817), with prevalence in urban areas (0.16%, 15/9 231) higher than that of rural areas (0.41%, 27/6 586) ( χ 2=8.89, P <0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that maternal education and language development were negatively associated with ASD in urban children [ OR =0.29(95% CI =0.12-0.69) and 0.18(95% CI =0.05-0.60), P <0.05]. ASD in rural children were positively associated with enuresis and introverted family members [ OR =7.09(95% CI =1.60-32.27) and 8.63(95% CI =3.10- 24.01 ), P <0.05].@*Conclusion@#High prevalence of ASD is found in urban area of central and eastern Inner Mongolia. Unhealthy habits, neonatal diseases, low parental education, delayed language development and poor exercise performance are primary factors associated with ASD in both urban and rural areas.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905851

ABSTRACT

The global incidence of breast cancer has increased year by year. Breast cancer has the highest mortality rate in female patients with malignant tumors. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has made great contribution to health of human being, improving the overall curative effect, reducing the patients' pain, improving the quality of life and alleviating adverse reactions in patients. TCM and its active compounds can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest, invasion, metastasis and reversing multidrug resistance. The effect of the compounds in TCM is obvious on inducing the arrest of the breast cancer cells cycle. It′s a novel method to fight against breast cancer by influencing the progress of the breast cancer cell cycle and inducing the cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells. Lots of studies have shown that the G2/M phase checkpoint which transition from gap-phase (G2 phase) to mitotic phase (M phase) in the cell cycle is the key point for cell survival or death. Many antitumor drugs can inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells through the cell cycle arrest. We summarized the domestic and foreign literatures in recent years, and comprehensively explained the research progress on the related regulatory molecules in G2/M arrest. In addition, we summarized and sorted out the researches on the methods and ways of alkaloids, polysaccharides, terpenes, flavonoids, saponins and other active compounds of TCM in inducing the G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells. By summarizing the active compounds of various Chinese medicines in inducing G2/M arrest of breast cancer cells, and reviewing the research progress on mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells, we will, in this paper, investigate the mechanism of active TCM compounds for inhibiting the proliferation of breast cancer cells through inducing G2/M arrest of human breast cancer cells, so as to provide a scientific basis for in-depth research on the anti-breast cancer mechanism of the active compounds in TCM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of elderlies in eastern, central and western China and to understand their health experience, for exploring an efficient medical service model, and optimizing allocation of medical resources.Methods:This study used the 2008-2018 database from Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey organized by Peking University. It described the concentration trend of medical distance by median, compared the health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of the elderly in eastern, central and western China by χ2 tests, and analyzed time-distribution trends of the poor health status, negative health behaviors and health needs by linear relation test. Results:Among 49 611 subjects included in the study, 7 881 of them self-evaluated their health status as poor, 19 445 evaluated their recent health status as deteriorated, while 14 954 lack routine physical examination, 35 141 lack physical exercise, 8 178 smoked, 7 859 drunk, 35 814 had no access to health education services in their communities, 35 676 expressed their health education needs, and 2 637 lack adequate medical services. The difference of distribution of health status, health-related behaviors and health needs of the elderly in eastern, central and western China was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The health status, negative health behaviors and health needs of the elderly in 2008-2018 presented a linear time distribution trend( P<0.05), while the overall medical distance in eastern, central and western China was 1.02 km, 1.00 km and 1.56 km respectively, and the medical distance in the rural area further than that in the urban areas. Conclusions:The health status of the elderly in China needed to be further improved, the proportion of negative health behaviors was high, and the health needs of the elderly in central and western China were large. Promoting an active medical service mode in central and western China, strengthening the interactions between medical institutions and residential communities will contribute to health needs fulfillment and medical resource utilization.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognosis and clinical risk factor of thymoma patients after resection.Methods:A retrospectively analysis of 154 cases of thymoma patients underwent thymoma resection in Beijing Tongren Hospital (Myasthenia Gravis & Thymoma Diagnosis and Treatment Center, Capital Medical University) from January 2005 to December 2015, and then the progress-free survival was calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, the differences between curves were analyzed by log- rank test. There were 74 males and 80 females; the median age was 52(22-77)years. 121 cases(78.6%)complicated with myashenia gravis. Thymoma cases were classfied into 5 cases A, 35 cases AB, 27 cases B1, 56 cases B2 and 31 cases B3 respectively. There were 80, 16, 45 and 13 patients with Masaoka-Koga type Ⅰ-Ⅳ, respectively. 122 cases were treated by thoracoscopic assisted operation, 32 cases were treated by median sternum. The risk factors about group of gender, age, thymoma-associated MG (Myasthenia Gravis), completeness of resection, histologic type and Masaoka-Koga stage were calculated by Cox regression analysis. Results:The overall 1-, 5- 10-year progress-free survival rate of 154 cases were 98.7%, 88.3%, and 78.7%, respectively. The adverse prognostic factors for progress-free survival were age, completeness of resection, WHO histologic classification and Masaoka-Koga stage at univariate analysis. The age, WHO histologic classification and Masaoka-Koga stage were the independent risk factors at multivariate analysis.Conclusion:For thymoma, we suggest early discovery and early treatment. For the thymoma patients who are available for surgical treatment, all the tumor, thymus and surrounding adipose tissue should be resected. For the thymoma patients whose tumors cannot excise completely, adjuvant radiotherapy can reduce the risk for tumor recurrence after resection. For patients with thymoma after surgery, MG treatment is particularly critical for prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1024-1028, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the epidemic status and influencing factors of Mongolian children with ASD in central and eastern Inner Mongolia, so as to provide data support for formulating prevention and intervention strategies and improving the overall epidemiological investigation of ASD in Inner Mongolia.@*Methods@#Sixteen kindergartens and primary schools were selected from Chifeng City, Ulanqab City, Tongliao City, Hulunbuir City and Xilingol League cities in Inner Mongolia by means of random cluster sampling. Firstly, 7 108 children aged 3-14 were initially screened with the Kirschner Autism Behavior Scale(CABS), and then the children with ASD positive were given the autism behavior test scale (ABC). According to the diagnostic criteria, the professionals, including chief physicians and associate chief physicians from the major of child psychiatry, diagnosed ASD with the total score of ABC scale ≥62. Univariate and Logistic regression multivariate analysis were carried out among Mongolian children to find out the influencing factors related to the occurrence of Mongolian ASD in Inner Mongolia.@*Results@#The prevalence of Mongolian children was 0.37%. Mongolian ASD group and Mongolian normal children series in the household register, habitual twitch, hyperactivity, bite lips, families have extreme introverts, mothers age, father s cultural level, cultural degree of mother, father mother mild character, irritable, neonatal diseases, fetal gestational age distribution had statistical significance( χ 2/Z= 12.58 , 16.68, 14.93, 64.43, -3.76, -2.86, 4.57, 11.12, 12.33, 16.66, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Measures such as shaping a healthy growth environment, adjusting parental style, paying attention to the level of early childhood language development, and preventing neonatal diseases might lower the risk of ASD in children.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the non-thymoma thymic morphology in patients with Myasthenia Gravis(MG), and provide the theoretical basis for extended thymectomy.Methods:From September 2008 to March 2018, extended thymectomy had been performed for 150 patients with MG in our department. In order to achieve maximal benefit, combined thoracoscopic and mediastinoscopic approach had been adopted to completely remove both thymus and ectopic thymic tissue in the neck and the anterior mediastinum. Cervical and mediastinal tissue including fat from the thyroid isthmus to the diaphragm was swept away from above the phrenic nerve. The regions containing mediastinal fat were divided into 12 stations.Results:There was no mortality. Pathology reports revealed 126(84.0%) patients with MG had hyperplastic thymus, 17(11.3%)cases with involuted thymus and 7 (4.7%)cases with normal thymus. 98 (65.3%)cases had more than two superior horns, and 59(39.3%) patients had ectopic thymic tissue in the mediastinum and in the neck. Positive rates of ectopic thymic tissue in the 12 cervical-mediastinal fat stations were 7.8%, 10.0%, 8.8%, 3.8%, 3.0%, 2.5%, 0, 0, 0.7%, 13.3%, 12.3% and 9.1%, respectively. After a follow-up period of 2-12 years, the rate of complete stable remission was 44.7%(59/132), and the effective rate was 89.4%(118/132).Conclusion:It is very meaningful to study non-thymoma thymic morphology in patients with MG in order to guide the performance of extended thymectomy and improve its outcome. For the purpose of minimally invasion, one side of mediastinal pleural should be carefully protected.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and safety of submaximal balloon dilation and to perform small-diameter stent for symptomatic carotid artery severely stenosis before coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:From January 2016 to December 2019, 30 patients of the Department of Neurointervention in Beijing Anzhen Hospital with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis(≥70%) and the left main trunk or triple-vessel of coronary artery disease were analyzed retrospectively. General information, clinical characteristics, and imaging data of all cases were collected. All patients underwent submaximal balloon dilation and small-diameter stent implantation. Preoperative comorbidities or risk factors included hypertension 23 cases(76.7%), diabetes 10 cases(33.3%), hyperglycemia 14 cases(46.7%), moking 13 cases(43.3%). Left main trunk disease 6 cases(20.0%), three-vessels disease 24 cases(80.0%), mitral regurgitation 1 case(3.3%), stable angina 25 cases(83.3%), myocardial infarction 8 cases(26.7%), cerebral infarction 24 cases(80.0%) and transient ischemia attack(TIA) 6 cases(20.0%) caused by ipsilateral carotid artery stenosis. The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) score was 2(0-3), and the median modified Rankin Scale(mRS) score was 1(0-1) before the operation. The mean interval between carotid artery intervention and CABG was(23.4±8.2)days.Results:29 cases(96.7%, 29/30) underwent CAS-CABG operation successfully. In one case of carotid artery extreme tortuosity, the emboli protective device could not place the distal carotid artery. In the operative procedure, 27 cases(90.0%, 27/30) underwent with 3mm diameter balloon, only 3 cases(10.0%) with 3 mm balloon after pre-dilatation with 2 mm diameter balloon because of severely high-grade stenosis(99%). 25 cases(83.3%) with 7mm diameter stents and 5 cases(16.7%) with 6 mm diameter stents, including 22 cases(73.3%) with a closed-cell stent and 8 cases(26.7%) with an open-cell stent. In the perioperative period, the heart rate of two patients was lower than 50 BPM during operation and returned to normal after using atropine immediately. Another patient presented with chest tightness during interventional therapy. TNI elevation was examined urgently. After oxygen inhalation and intravenous infusion of Nitroglycerin, the patient's symptoms improved rapidly. No cardiac and cerebrovascular complications occurred during the perioperative period of CABG, no cardiac-related complications occurred within 30 days of follow-up, one case of TIA and 1 case of cerebral infarction. After intensive anti-platelet aggregation and lipid-lowering treatment, two patient's symptoms improved. There were no death cases in all patients during carotid artery interventional therapy, perioperative CABG and 30-day follow-up. Thirty days later, we performed a clinical follow-up of 23 cases, median 4.5(3.0-7.9) months, mRS Score Median 1(0-1). One patient presented with TIA, any patient had no symptoms of the cardiac or nervous system. Image follow-up of 17 cases, median 3.5(2.8-4.5) months, carotid artery ultrasound showed in-stent restenosis(stenosis rate>50%) in 1 case, the patient was asymptomatic restenosis, continue treatment of aggressive anti-platelet and lipid-lowering drugs.Conclusion:Submaximal balloon dilation and performing small-diameter stent for symptomatic carotid artery severely stenosis before CABG is safe and feasible, which could not only reduce the incidence of vagus reflex resulted in acute coronary syndrome during carotid artery stenosis intervention but also morbidity of acute ischemic stroke events during CABG.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 208-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cause of varicocele (VC) recurrence and investigate the efficacy of sub-inguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy (MV) for recurrent VC.Methods:All of 16 inpatients diagnosed as recurrent VC, in the Department of Andrology of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from 2015 April to 2019 April, were performed sub-inguinal MV. The age of the inpatients was 18-36 years old, median 27 years old.5 cases were originally performed retroperitoneal high ligation of spermatic vein and other 11 cases were originally performed laparoscopic varicocelectomy. During the review one to three years after the previous operation, all of 16 patients were diagnosed as VC recurrence. The complains of these patients during the review included male subfertility (10 cases) and scrotal pain (12 cases), in which 6 cases’ complains were male subfertility with scrotal pain. After admission, 13 patients were classified as Grade Ⅲ (left in 8 cases, bilateral in 5 cases) and 3 patients as Grade Ⅱ (all left). The median of their visual analogue scale (VAS) was 2.5. Color doppler flow imaging (CDFI) grading showed: Grade Ⅲ in 12 cases (left in 7 cases, bilateral in 5 cases), Grade Ⅱ in 4 cases (all left). Particularly, 12 of them were Graded as Ⅲ simultaneously accompanying with Nut-cracker Phenomenon (NCP). Preoperative tests showed that the average serum testosterone was (16.2±4.9)nmol/ml, the average sperm concentration was (11.8±3.9)×10 6/ml and the progressive motility rate (PR) was (24.4±4.2)%. All of the patients were performed sub-inguinal MV using general anesthesia and supine position. The spermatic cords were clearly exposed and padded up by inserting gauze strips under them. During the operation, the field was magnified 4-6 times with the microscope. Then all of the dilated external and internal spermatic veins were ligated, at the same time the internal spermatic artery and lymph vessels were well preserved. During these operations, 11 patients underwent left-side MV, while other 5 did bilateral MVs. During these MVs, we found twisted and dilated external and internal spermatic veins in all cases and well preserved the internal spermatic arteries and lymph vessels. The number of ligated left and right external spermatic veins were(2.1±0.6) and (1.4±0.5)respectively and the number of ligated left and right internal spermatic veins were (10.1±1.1) and (6.6±0.5) respectively. We also found out(1.3±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (3.0±1.0)lymph-vessels on left side. On right side, there were (1.4±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (2.6±0.5) lymph-vessels respectively. At last, we summarily analyzed the pre-operative and post-operative VAS, serum testosterone, CDFI and semen analysis data. Results:All of the 16 sub-inguinal MVs were successfully performed. All patients were reviewed comprehensively 6 months after MV. The reviewed results showed that the post-operative VAS was significantly reduced ( Z=-2.994, P<0.05), palpable scrotal vessels disappeared and Valsalva tests were negative. No obvious reflux of internal spermatic veins were detected by CDFI. Interestingly, the sperm concentration and motility were both significantly improved 6 months after MV ( P<0.05), while there was not remarkable increase of the serum testosterone after MV ( P>0.05). During the follow up, no testicular atrophy, hydrocele and other complications were found. Up to submission, five of the ten patients who presented for male subfertility have impregnated their wives. Conclusions:The most possible cause of VC recurrence could be the omission of the external and internal spermatic veins, particularly in the grade Ⅲ VC patients or VC accompanied with NCP. The sub-inguinal MV, which can discover more twisted spermatic veins and at the same time preserve the spermatic artery and lymph-vessels, shows better clinical efficacy than other procedures.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the proper choice and improve the survival rate in neonates suffering from giant omphalocele (GO)with liver protrusion by analyzing the clinical characteristics, different treatments and outcomes.Methods:Neonates with GO admitted in Department of Neonatal Surgery in Wuhan Children′s Hospital were retrospected from January 2009 to May 2019.The treatment methods include: (1) repaired with similar silo-bag by staged operation; (2) one-stage repair with patch or not; (3) delayed repair by conservative treatment for some time (from 2 to 8 weeks) firstly.Data included gestational age, gender, birth weight, average diameter of omphalocele, contents of omphalocele, associated malformation, treatment method, duration of ventilator use and clinical outcome.These neonates were divided into 2 groups according to the contents of protrusion: group with liver protrusion and group with liver and other organs protrusion.Clinical data were summarized and compared between different groups.Results:Sixteen cases were collected, including 9 males and 7 females.The average age was (1.25±0.45) d (1-2 days), the average birth weight was (2.48±0.37) kg, and pregnant week was (36.23±1.17) weeks.The average diameter of the omphalocele was (9.88±3.30) cm, ranging from 5 cm to 15 cm.Seven cases were belonged to the group with liver protrusion, cases undergone one-stage repair, delayed repair were 6 cases and 1 case, respectively.There were 9 cases in group with liver and other organs protrusion, and the protruded organs included liver, intestine, colon or spleen.Among them, cases needed one-stage repair, delayed repair and silo-bag repair were 3 cases, 3 cases, 3 cases, respectively.Cases needed respiratory machine were 3 cases (42.8%) and 8 cases (88.89%) in group with liver protrusion and group with liver and other organs protrusion, respectively.Neonates had a longer time of needing respiratory machine in group with liver protrusion, comparing with the neonates in group with liver and other organs protrusion[(30.67±19.0) h vs.(106.25±69.36) h, P=0.021], and the risk rate to use respiratory machine was 5.143(95% CI: 0.727-36.368). There were no dead cases in group with liver protrusion.Three cases were dead in group with liver and other organs protrusion.All the patients were followed from 3 months to 4 years, and hernia in abdominal wall was found in 5 cases, including 1 case in group with liver protrusion and 4 cases in group with liver and other organs protrusion.If the dead cases had been excluded, the rate of hernia was 66.7% (4/6 cases) in group with liver and other organs protrusion. Conclusions:Individual treatment should be emphasized in neonates suffering from GO with liver protrusion.Neonates with single liver protrusion have a better prognosis than those with liver and other organs protrusion.One-stage repair is recommended in the former, and the delayed repair is highly recommended in the latter.The accessory liver should be considered when GO neonates presenting liver protrusion.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880231

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymomas are the most common primary malignant tumors of anterior mediastinal. However, there are no specific laboratory indicator for the diagnosis the diagnosis of thymoma. The aim of this study was to screen out a tumor marker for diagnosis of thymoma by mRNA microarray analysis and confirmed it.@*METHODS@#By mRNA microarray analysis of 31 thymomas and peritumoral thymic tissues, we found that the transcription level of neuronal pentraxin 1 (NPTX1) gene was up-regulated more than 4 times in thymomas. To further verify the above results, we detected the transcription and expression level of NPTX1 in 60 thymoma and 30 thymic cyst patients by quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Furthermore, the diagnostic value of NPTX1 in thymoma by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The transcription level of NPTX1 mRNA in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group [(2.88±1.02) vs (1.35±0.47), P<0.001); The expression level of NPTX1 in thymoma tissues was significantly higher than that in the thymic tissues of control group (2 vs 1, P<0.001); The preoperative serum level of NPTX1 protein in thymoma patients were significantly higher than that in the thymic cyst patients of control group [(1,018.29±209.38) pg/mL vs (759.95±66.02) pg/mL, P<0.001]; At the threshold of 842.22 pg/mL, sensitivity and specificity of NPTX1 as a serologic marker were 85.00% and 93.33%, respectively for thymoma. ROC showed that the area the under curve (AUC) of NPTX1 was 0.902.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NPTX1 was highly expressed in thymoma patients, and had diagnostic value for thymoma.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an acute myeloid leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123-CLL1 so as to provide an "in vitro" model for studying the role of CD123 and CLL-1 in leukemia and the treatment targeting CD123 and CLL-1.@*METHODS@#The recombinant plasmid of lentivirus was constructed by synthesizing CD123 and CLL-1 sequences and PCR homologous recombination. The lentivirus vector was packaged by three-plasmid packaging system. After collecting the supernatant of lentivirus, the virus titer was determined by quantitative PCR. K562 leukemia cells were collected and transtected with virus supernatant. Leukemia cell line stably expressing the target gene were screened by purinomycin. The expression levels of CD123 and CLL-1 were detected by RT-PCR and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The lentiviral vector was successfully constructed, and identified by agarose gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing, then the virus titer of the supernatant was up to 5.81×10@*CONCLUSION@#Lentiviral vector expressing CD123-CLL1 has been successfully constructed, and K562 leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123 and CLL-1 has been successfully obtained.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , K562 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 412-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888582

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck often develops lung metastasis. At present, there are not many research reports on ACC lung metastasis, little is known about its exact clinical features and treatment results, and there is no consensus on the best treatment strategy. This study explored the effective treatment strategies, clinical outcomes and long-term prognosis of head and neck ACC lung metastases.@*METHODS@#The clinical and follow-up data of 76 patients with head and neck ACC lung metastases were retrospectively analyzed. According to the initial treatment of patients, they are divided into 4 groups: surgery, surgery+chemotherapy or radiotherapy, chemotherapy or radiotherapy and supportive treatment. The patients were staged according to the International Registry of Lung Metastases Staging System (IRLM). Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to compare the statistical differences of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with different treatment methods and different IRLM stages.@*RESULTS@#The OS and PFS of patients undergoing surgery are better than those of supportive therapy or radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). The OS and PFS of patients with low stage IRLM are better than those with high stage (OS: P<0.000,1; PFS: P<0.000,1). Patients with single lung metastasis and without pleural effusion have better OS and PFS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The long-term prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of head and neck ACC who undergo surgery is better than other treatments, which is related to higher OS and PFS. For patients with ACC lung metastases who are operationally eligible, the significance of complete surgical resection should be higher than other treatment options.

16.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 497-502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The previous study has indicated that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after thoracic surgery is high. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and risk factors of postoperative VTE in thymic malignancy patients.@*METHODS@#This was a single-center study. Patients undergoing resection for thymic malignancy between December 2017 and February 2021 in Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were enrolled in this study. In addition to the routine examination, all patients were screened for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using noninvasive duplex lower extremity ultrasound before and after surgery. Patients did not receive any prophylactic anticoagulant therapy before and after surgery. All patients received modified caprini risk assessment. According to whether VTE occurred after operation, patients were divided into VTE group and control group. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. The occurrence time and possible high risk factors of VTE after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 169 patients with thymic malignant tumor were enrolled, including 94 males and 75 females, aging from 22 to 76 years. A total of 95 patients underwent thoracoscopic surgery and 74 patients underwent median sternotomy. The total incidence of VTE was 12.4%. The median time for diagnosis of VTE was 4 days (2 days-15 days) after operation. According to the modified caprini score, the incidence of VTE in low risk patients (Caprini score≤4 points), moderate risk patients (Caprini score 5 to 8 points) and high risk patients (Caprini score≥9 points) were 0% (0/7), 7.0% (8/115) and 27.7% (13/47), respectively (Z=1.670, P=0.008). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between VTE group and control group in age, operation method, operation time, indwelling central venous catheter, postoperative bed rest time more than 72 hours (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that over 60 years old, operation method and operation time were independent risk factors for VTE after resection for thymic malignancies.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Over 60 years old, operation method and operation time are independent risk factors for VTE. Modified caprini assessment can effectively screen high-risk patients.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 97-102, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879724

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to establish nomograms to preoperatively predict the possibility of testicular salvage (TS) in patients with testicular torsion. The clinical data of 204 patients with testicular torsion diagnosed at Xijing Hospital and Tangdu Hospital (Xi'an, China) between August 2008 and November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the independent predictors of TS. Based on multivariate regression coefficients, nomograms to predict possibility of TS were established. The predictive ability of the nomograms was internally validated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration plots. The duration of symptoms ranged from 2 h to 1 month, with a median of 3.5 days. Thirty (14.7%) patients underwent surgical reduction and contralateral orchiopexy, while the remaining 174 (85.3%) underwent orchiectomy and contralateral orchiopexy. Finally, long symptom duration was an independent risk predictor for TS, while visible intratesticular blood flow and homogeneous testicular echotexture under color Doppler ultrasound were independent protective predictors. Internal validation showed that the nomograms, which were established by integrating these three predictive factors, had good discrimination ability in predicting the possibility of TS (areas under the ROC curves were 0.851 and 0.828, respectively). The calibration plots showed good agreement between the nomogram-predicted possibility of TS and the actual situation. In conclusion, this brief preoperative prediction tool will help clinicians to quickly determine the urgency of surgical exploration.

18.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1541-1546
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213568

ABSTRACT

Aim of the Study: The role of direct-acting oral anticoagulants in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients compared with the current standard of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of direct factor Xa inhibitors compared with those of LMWH in the treatment of cancer-associated VTE. Materials and Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Web of Science for potential randomized controlled clinical trials and retrospective cohort studies. Data on recurrent VTE (efficacy) and major and minor bleeding events (safety) were extracted, and the odds risks (OR) were analyzed using a random-effect model. Results: A total of nine studies involving 4208 cancer patients with VTE were included in these analyses. Pooled analysis showed that direct factor Xa inhibitors were significantly superior to LMWH in reducing the risk of recurrent VTE (OR = 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–0.82). There was no significant difference in the rate of major bleeding between the direct factor Xa inhibitor and LMWH treatments (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.94–1.65). However, the rate of minor bleeding events was higher when a direct factor Xa inhibitor was used instead of LMWH (OR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.05–3.07). Conclusions: Direct factor Xa inhibitors are superior to LMWH in efficacy in the treatment of VTE in cancer patients, and the safety between the two regimens is comparable except for a slightly higher rate of minor bleeding when the former is used

19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 906-910, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution of the gene subtypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) in male patients with condyloma acuminatum (CA) and analyze the characteristics of the gene subtypes.@*METHODS@#We extracted genomic DNA of the HPV virus from the genital tissue of 70 male CA patients, detected the DNA subtypes of HPV using the PCR-reverse dot hybridization technique, and analyzed the rates of different subtypes identified and their characteristics of distribution in different age groups.@*RESULTS@#The male HPV-positive patients were mainly infected at the age of 20-39 years, primarily with high- and low-risk mixed infection of various subtypes, which accounted for 61.54% in the 20- to 29-year-olds and 42.86% in the 30- to 39-year-olds. Among the 70 CA patients, 22 HPV subtypes were identified, the top five subtypes including HPV 11 (21.08%), HPV 6 (19.46%), HPV 42 (6.49%), HPV 59 (6.49%) and HPV 53 (5.95%); 20 infected with a single subtype (28.57%), 19 with two subtypes (27.14%) and 31 with three or more (44.29%); and 30 infected with a low-risk single subtype (42.86%) and 40 with both high- and low-risk multiple subtypes (57.14%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male patients with CA are mainly infected with HPV 11 and HPV 6, with a significantly higher rate of multi-subtype than single-subtype infection, and the multi-subtype patients chiefly with high- and low-risk mixed infection. Men aged 20-39 years old are most commonly affected by CA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Condylomata Acuminata/virology , DNA, Viral/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Male , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1073-1079, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880225

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thymoma is the most common malignant tumor in anterior mediastinum, and its specific pathogenesis is still unclear. This limits the study of targeted drugs for thymoma. The aim of the study is to investigate the genes and signal pathways of thymoma, and provide help for the research of thymic tumor pathogenesis using the technology of second-generation genechip to analyze thymoma.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2017, we analyzed 31 cases of thymoma by CapitaBio mRNA expression profile genechip technology, and then confirmed the genes by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#We found some genes with different expression levels between thymoma and surrounding thymus tissue. Among them, six driving genes (FANCI, CAPD3, NCAPG, OXCT1, EPHA1 and MCM2) were significantly abnormal in thymoma. Some specific genes affected by copy-number variation were detected: E2F2, EphA1, CCL25 and MCM2 were significantly up-regulated, while IL-6, CD36, FABP4, SH2D1A and MYOC genes were significantly down-regulated. KEGG database analysis showed that the expression of 10 signaling pathway genes was generally up-regulated or down-regulated, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, viral oncogenes, primary immunodeficiency, cell cycle genes and p53 signaling pathway, which may be related to occurrence of thymoma.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We found a variety of genes abnormally expressed in thymoma, which will provide reference for the study of pathogenesis and biomarkers of thymoma in the future.

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