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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912796

ABSTRACT

The reform of public medical institutions is a critical and difficult breakthrough in furthering the healthcare system reform in China, for which the performance appraisal of public hospitals can serve an important role. The performance policy documents of tertiary public hospitals, secondary public hospitals and primary medical and health institutions in China since 2019 were compared and analyzed, to systematically identify the similarities and differences and development rules of the three evaluation index systems. The study analyzed the impacts of the three systems on the management of medical institutions and provided reference suggestions for improving their performance evaluation. It was found that all the three systems aim at guiding tertiary public hospitals to evolve from the pattern centering on scale expansion to that on quality and benefits, guiding secondary ones to improve their capacity of medical services, and guiding primary medical institutions to focus on basic medical and public health services. However, these systems lack indexes on hierarchical diagnosis and treatment for secondary hospitals and application of examination results, while national surveillance indexes on primary ones accounted for only 23.8% of all. It is recommended to dynamically adjust both the performance evaluation index system and the surveillance methods, and to enhance the application of examination results and development of supporting policies as well.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of apatinib combined with S-1 capsule in the treatment of patients with advanced recurrent and metastatic esophageal cancer.Methods:A total of 140 patients with advanced esophageal cancer were selected as test subjects from January 2017 to January 2019 in Shandong Tai′an Cancer Prophylaction-Therapeutic Hospital. These patients were randomly divided into observation group (72 cases) and control group (68 cases) using random number table method. The patients in the observation group were treated with oral apatinib combined with S-1 chemotherapy, and the patients in the control group was only given S-1 chemotherapy. The short-term and long-term efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups were observed.Results:The objective remission rates of the observation group was 38.9% (28/72), higher than that in the control group (22.1%, 15/68), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.655, P=0.031). The disease control rate of the observation group was 88.9% (64/72), higher than that in the control group (61.8%, 42/68), and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=13.993, P<0.001). The median progression-free survival of the observation group and the control group was 5.9 months and 2.7 months respectively, the median overall survival was 14.8 months and 7.9 months respectively, and there were significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=5.477, P=0.026; χ2=6.083, P=0.014). The adverse reactions of the two groups were mild, grade 1-2, mainly including fatigue, leukopenia, hand-foot syndrome, hypertension and proteinuria, with incidences of 59.7% (43/72), 50.0% (36/72), 8.3% (6/72), 12.5% (9/72), 9.7% (7/72) in the observation group, and 51.5% (35/68), 57.4% (39/68), 17.6% (12/68), 4.4% (3/68), 4.4% (3/68) in the control group, there were no significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=0.965, P=0.326; χ2=0.760, P=0.383; χ2=2.708, P=0.100; χ2=2.919, P=0.088; χ2=0.794, P=0.373). Conclusion:Apatinib combined with S-1 is effective, safe and tolerable in the treatment of recurrent and metastatic esophageal cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880069

ABSTRACT

T lymphoid malignancy is a group of highly heterogeneous hematological tumors. Disease recurrence and resistance to therapy are the common causes of failed treatment. Traditional therapy is radiotherapy and chemotherapy, although it has achieved great success. However, many patients still failed to survive following the treatment. With the introduction of monoclonal antibodies, immunotherapy and cellular therapy into clinical practice, the outcome of hematologic malignancies has been significantly improved. In particular, chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) showed high efficacy in treating B-cell lymphoma and acute B lymphocytic leukemia and surpassed any previous therapeutic strategies. However, this treatment seldom succeeded in treating T cell malignancies. In this review, the history of CAR-T cells treating T cell malignancies, and the clinical trials, adverse events of previously reported were summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunotherapy , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862506

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with malignant tumors combined with new coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19), and to provide a scientific basis for clinical treatment. Methods SPSS 20.0 was used for data analysis. The t-test was used for quantitative data, and chi-square test/Fisher-exact test was used for qualitative data. Binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis, and the correlation coefficient was used for multicollinearity test before regression analysis. Results A total of 61 COVID-19 infected cancer patients were included in this study. Their average age was 62.2±12.12. The most common admission symptoms were fever (54.1%), fatigue (39.3%), and cough (37.7%). The rate of the patients with severe COVID-19 was 54.1%. Having 3 or more complications (OR: 2.07, 95%CI: 3.14-2698.12), fever (OR: 12.22, 95%CI: 1.20-86.70), low percentage of lymphocytes (OR: 15.56, 95%CI: 1.78-136.24) and low serum albumin level (OR: 254.64, 95%CI: 8.56-7576.41) were risk factors for COVID-19 severity. The fatality rate of the subjects was 8.2%, and the average hospital stay was 26.7±19.69 days. Furthermore, the severity of COVID-19 had a statistically significant impact on the average hospital stay (t=-3.48, P<0.01). Conclusion Patients with malignant tumors combined with COVID-19 have a higher severity rate, fatality rate, and average hospital stay than ordinary COVID-19 patients. Underlying diseases, fever, low lymphocyte percentage, and low serum albumin levels are the factors for the increase of the illness severity in patients with malignant tumors combined with COVID-19.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 381-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868979

ABSTRACT

Distal junctional problem (DJP) is one of the severe complications after spinal correction, fixation and fusion. As the number of patients receiving spinal surgery increased recently, the incidence of DJP also increased dramatically. Compared with proximal junctional problem, the incidence of DJP is low. However, the clinical symptoms are severe, and the rate of surgical revision is high in patients with distal junctional problems. DJP include distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) and distal junctional failure(DJF). The definition of DJK is confusing, however, and the most commonly used was that the distal junction Angle at the last follow-up was greater than 10° and increased by 10° compared with that before surgery. There are 6 DJF modes: progressive loss of lumbar lordosis,acute wedging in the disc below the instrumentation, fracture of LIV, osteoporotic fracture below the long rigid fixation, failure of the instrumentation at LIV, spinal stenosis and or segmental instability underneath the instrumentation. Possible risk factors for DJP include weight, age, type of spinal deformity, osteoporosis, choice of LIV, hip disease, deformity location, surgical approach, surgical procedure, fusion segments, fixation devices, LIV at L5, fixed to S1 with no iliac screws, poor restoration of spinal alignment, et al. Currently, there are some controversies in DJP, mainly including the incidence, risk factors whether needs to and how to revise. The review intends to conduct a simple literature review of the current DJP diagnostic criteria, incidence, risk factors, and other research progress, in order to improve the understanding of the distal junction problem.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) using tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM) versus coils.Methods:From March 2016 to June 2018, 21 consecutive patients with a future liver remnant (FLR) ratio of less than 45% before planned major hepatectomy for malignant or benign liver diseases were enrolled from the First Department of Biliary Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital into this study. The patients were divided to receive portal vein embolization (PVE) using TAGM distally and coils proximally (the TC group) and PVE using multiple coils (the CC group). Post-PVE complications, liver function, routine blood tests; FLR hyperplasia, types of liver resection, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results:Eight patients were included in the TC group. There were 4 males and 4 females, with a mean age of (55.3±7.7) years. Of 13 patients included into the CC group, there were 11 males and 2 females, with a mean age of (52.6±11.3) years. There were no significant differences in sex, age, types of hepatic diseases, volume of FLR, ratio of FLR, ratio of standard FLR, types of surgery, operation duration, blood loss, major complications, and liver failure rates between the two groups. All patients in the two groups had successful PVE. The TC group developed effective growth of volume of FLR with one patient who failed to undergo surgery because of tumor progression. In the CC group, four patients failed to undergo liver resection: one patient developed thrombosis of the left branch and main trunk of portal vein; tumor progression occurred in one patient and two patients had insufficient FLR growth. Compared with the CC group, the TC group had a significantly higher volume of FLR hyperplasia [(9.0±2.8) % vs. (5.2±3.8) %, P<0.05], and a faster but insignificant increase in proliferation rate [(11.4±7.1) ml/d vs. (6.9±5.2) ml/d, P>0.05], a greater but insignificant increase in percentage of proliferation [(33.6±20.1) % vs. (20.9±15.1) %, P>0.05]. Conclusions:This study showed that PVE with TAGM plus coils is safe and effective. It induced a better degree of hypertrophy of FLR compared to PVE using multiple coils.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 577-588, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774798

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Significant blood loss is still one of the most frequent complications in spinal surgery, which often necessitates blood transfusion. Massive perioperative blood loss and blood transfusion can create additional risks. Aprotinin, tranexamic acid (TXA), and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) are antifibrinolytics currently offered as prophylactic agents to reduce surgery-associated blood loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aprotinin, EACA, and low/high doses of TXA in spinal surgery, and assess the use of which agent is the most optimal intervention using the network meta-analysis (NMA) method.@*METHODS@#Five electronic databases were searched, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, Embase, and Web of Science, from the inception to March 1, 2018. Trials that were randomized and compared results between TXA, EACA, and placebo were identified. The NMA was conducted with software R 3.3.2 and STATA 14.0.@*RESULTS@#Thirty randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies were analyzed. Aprotinin (standardized mean difference [SMD]=-0.65, 95% credibility intervals [CrI;-1.25, -0.06]), low-dose TXA (SMD = -0.58, 95% CrI [-0.92, -0.25]), and high-dose TXA (SMD = -0.70, 95% CrI [-1.04, -0.36]) were more effective than the respective placebos in reducing intraoperative blood loss. Low-dose TXA (SMD = -1.90, 95% CrI [-3.32, -0.48]) and high-dose TXA (SMD = -2.31, 95% CrI [-3.75, -0.87]) had less postoperative blood loss. Low-dose TXA (SMD = -1.07, 95% CrI [-1.82, -0.31]) and high-dose TXA (SMD = -1.07, 95% CrI [-1.82, -0.31]) significantly reduced total blood loss. However, only high-dose TXA (SMD = -2.07, 95% CrI [-3.26, -0.87]) was more effective in reducing the amount of transfusion, and was significantly superior to low-dose TXA in this regard (SMD = -1.67, 95% CrI [-3.20, -0.13]). Furthermore, aprotinin (odds ratio [OR] = 0.16, 95% CrI [0.05, 0.54]), EACA (OR = 0.46, 95% CrI [0.22, 0.97]) and high dose of TXA (OR = 0.34, 95% CrI [0.19, 0.58]) had a significant reduction in transfusion rates. Antifibrinolytics did not show a significantly increased risk of postoperative thrombosis. Results of ranking probabilities indicated that high-dose TXA had the greatest efficacy and a relatively high safety level.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The antifibrinolytic agents are able to reduce perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirement during spine surgery. And the high-dose TXA administration might be used as the optimal treatment to reduce blood loss and transfusion.


Subject(s)
Aminocaproic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Antifibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Aprotinin , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Spine , General Surgery , Tranexamic Acid , Therapeutic Uses
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 397-400, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805140

ABSTRACT

With the aging of the population, the incidence of degenerative lumbar scoliosis has increased year by year. Long-segment orthopedic fixation surgery is an important method for the treatment of severe degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Currently, the evaluation of postoperative results is mainly based on the degree of relief of postoperative clinical symptoms, as well as the improvement of imaging deformity and balance. The studies show that although surgery has high difficulty and risk, most patients can benefit from surgery. Besides, it is reported that long-segment fixation can alleviate the symptoms of pain and improve the quality of life. However, it also decreases the local activity of the lumbar spine, leading to stiffness of lumbar, which may affect the activities of daily living (ADL) partly. Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) is a scale for evaluating the impact of lumbar spine stiffness on ADL. The scale has certain limitations and needs to be applied to Chinese people on the basis of optimization. In this paper, the researches of lumbar spine function evaluation after degenerative lumbar scoliosis and long segmental orthopedic fixation and the clinical use of LSDI are briefly reviewed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712605

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of day surgery on average days of stay, and to provide scientific basis for shorter average days of stay. Methods Data of average days of stay from November 2011 to December 2016 were extracted from 6 departments, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. Segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series was used to analyze the trend of average days of stay of pre-and post-day surgery. Results Thanks to the application of day surgery, average days of stay decreased by 0. 071 days per month, and the monthly decline increased by 0. 049 days (P<0. 001) than before. Average days of stay in the department of stomatology, ear-nose-throat, general surgery and hepatobiliary & enteric surgery research center were the most obvious, and the monthly decline increased by 0. 110 days (P<0. 001), 0. 049 days (P=0. 008) , 0. 075 days (P<0. 001), and 0. 057 days (P=0. 003), respectively than before. Conclusions Day surgery could decrease average days of stay, enhancing the utilization of hospital resources.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1515-1522, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689904

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficiency and safety of treating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) by EBV specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (EBV-CTL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Clinical characteristics, therapeutic efficacy and safety of 12 patients with EBV infection treated by EBV-CTL infusion after allo-HSCT in Department of Hemahlogy of Aero Space Center Hospital between Jan 2015 and May 2017 were analyzed retrospectioely.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Our of 12 cases received EBV-CTL infusion after transplantation, 9 did not received Rituximab therapy due to the active infection, 4 cases including 3 received Ritaximab progressed into posttransplantation lymphoroliferetive disease (PTLD). The median time of EBV infection was 47 (22-71) days, median time of antivirus therapy before tramplantation was 10 (8-33) days, median time of first CTL infusion was 59(34-86) days after transplatation. The 43 cases-time CTL infusion was performed smoothly, no related harmful evnts occoured, no progression of GVHD was observed. After the first course of infusion, complete remission (CR), Partial remssion (PR) and no remssion (NR) were obtained in 9, 1 and 2 patients respectively, the relapse was observed in 4 patients who then received the socond course of infusion and all reached CR, the patient in PR did not reathed CR finally and died of GVGD at 5 months after transpplantation . Only 1 out of 2 cases of NR obtained CR, another 1 still was in NR, and died of transplantation related infection at 5 months after transplantation. 4 cases of PTLD were all cared.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preliminary results of this study suggest that EBV-CTL infusion is safe for the EBV infection combined with acute GVHD after all-HSCT. However, a further larger scale clinical studies are needed to prove the efficiency.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689559

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To make through introduction of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in terms of clinical characteristics, diagnostic process and treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical charactaristics, diagnostic and therapeutic process and prognostic follow-up in 4 patients diagnosed of WE following HSCT between January 2016 to January 2017 at Department of Hematology, Chinese Aerospace Center Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four patients included 2 ALL and 2 AML, and 3 males and 1 female, their age ranged from 8 to 20 years old. 4 patients accouted for about 3% of all petients who received HSCT at that time. Typical triad syndrome consisting of ocular motility disorders, ataxia, global confusion was seen in only 1 patient. However, confusion and heterophthongia as onset of this complication were seen in all patients. Cerebral computed tomograph scan was universally unremarkable and useless. Cerebral MRI scan disclosed that typical involvement including thalamus, fourth ventricle, third ventricle, middle cerebral aqueduct was seen in 3, while untypical site including mamillary body was in the remaining 1 patient. All received vitamin B supplement therapy by intramuscular injection at a dose of 100 mg each day. Initial response was observed at 2, unknown, 3, 4 days after treatment and all obtained complete remission within 2 weeks without any event of relapse after median follow-up period of 8 (7-12) months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Any recipient of HSCT with clinical signs or symptoms of central nervous system should receive vitamin B supplementary therapy immediately to decrease risk of mortality of WE even if the diagnosis of WE is uncertain.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Retrospective Studies , Thiamine , Wernicke Encephalopathy , Young Adult
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 459-463, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812741

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of transrectal ultrasound conductance (TRUSC)-guided administration of traditional Chinese medicine on histological prostatitis in men with small-size BPH and low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).@*METHODS@#This study included 167 BPH patients without surgical contraindications. We randomized the patients into an experimental group (n = 84) and a control group (n = 83), with no statistically significant differences between the two groups in age, prostate volume, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life (QoL) (P >0.05). The patients of the experimental group received TRUSC-guided administration of traditional Chinese medicine, qd, for 7 days before TURP, while those of the control group underwent TURP only. After treatment, we compared the results of postoperative pathological examination of the prostate tissue, the histological grade of inflammation, IPSS, and QoL scores between the two groups of patients.@*RESULTS@#In the experimental group, there were 12 cases of non-inflammation (14.3%), 43 cases of mild inflammation (51.2%), 28 cases of moderate inflammation (33.3%), and 1 case of severe inflammation (1.2%), as compared with 8 cases of non-inflammation (9.6%), 28 cases of mild inflammation (33.7%), 45 cases of moderate inflammation (51.8%), and 2 cases of severe inflammation (2.4%) in the control group (P <0.05). Compared with the baseline, both the experimental and control groups showed significant improvement at 4 weeks after surgery in IPSS (22.20±4.14 vs 4.26±2.64 and 23.05±4.11 vs 7.02±4.15, P <0.05) and QoL scores (4.33±0.83 vs 1.25±1.64 and 4.25±0.91 vs 2.05±1.95, P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TRUSC-guided administration of traditional Chinese medicine can significantly alleviate histological inflammation and improve QoL in men with small-size BPH and LUTS after TURP.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Drug Therapy , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Quality of Life , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 71-75, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508313

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of insulin resistance (IR)on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)inj ury in PC1 2 cells and the protective effects of N-actyl-L-cystine (NAC)against H/R inj ury. Methods PC12 cells were treated with 100 nmol/L insulin to induce IR. The H/R injury model was established by Na2 S2 O4. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the cell viability. Glucose consumption was detected by glucose oxidase method. Activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD)was detected by xanthine oxidase method. The levels of malonaldehyde (MDA)were measured by thiobarbituric acid method. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP). Results High-insulin inhibited insulin-induced glucose uptake in PC12 cells without affecting the cell viability (P<0. 05). PC12 cells with IR exhibited lower SOD activity and higher levels of MDA (P<0. 05 ),and enhanced apoptosis and depolarization of MMP induced by H/R(P<0. 05). NAC neutralized these effects induced by IR(P<0. 05). Conclusion IR aggravates H/R injury in PC12 cells by enhancing oxidative stress and NAC reduces the H/R injury in PC12 cells with IR via inhibiting oxidative stress and stabilizing MMP.

14.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 183-188, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348285

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of capsaicin on migration and invasion of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and its possible mechanism. The MDA-MB-231 cells were incubated in the medium containing different concentrations of capsaicin for 24 h. CCK-8 assay was employed to detect the cell viability. The cell migration and invasion were assessed by wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay, respectively. The protein levels of c-Src, p-c-Src (Tyr416), FAK, p-FAK (Tyr576), Paxillin, p-Paxillin (Tyr118), matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9 in the MDA-MB-231 cells were detected by Western blotting. The mRNA expressions of MMP2 and MMP9 were measured by RT-PCR. The result showed that capsaicin (25 and 50 μmol/L) remarkably reduced the abilities of migration and invasion (P < 0.05), inhibited the phosphorylation of c-Src, FAK and Paxillin (P < 0.05), and down-regulated MMP2 and MMP9 expressions at mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.05) in MDA-MB-231 cells. These effects of capsaicin were all in dose-dependent manners. These results suggest that capsaicin may suppress the migration and invasion of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells by inhibiting the phosphorylations of c-Src, FAK and Paxillin, and down-regulating the mRNA and protein levels of MMP2 and MMP9.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 189-195, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348284

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effect of digoxin on migration and invasion of human gastric carcinoma MKN45 cells and its possible mechanism. MKN45 cells were treated with different concentrations of digoxin for 24 h. The shRNA-AEG-1 plasmid was transfected into MKN45 cells via lipofectamine to block the expression of astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1). Western blot was used to analyze the protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), E-cadherin and AEG-1. The result showed that digoxin reduced the abilities of migration and invasion (P < 0.05), up-regulated the protein level of E-cadherin (P < 0.05), and down-regulated the protein levels of MMP-9 and AEG-1 (P < 0.05) in MKN45 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with shControl group, shAGE-1 group showed inhibited cellular migration and invasion, higher expression level of E-cadherin, and lower expression levels of MMP-9 and AEG-1. These results suggest that digoxin suppresses the migration and invasion of human gastric carcinoma MKN45 cells in a dose-dependent manner through inhibiting the expression of AEG-1, and then resulting in the up-regulation of the protein expression of E-cadherin and the down-regulation of the protein expression of MMP-9.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512820

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of digoxin on apoptosis and growth in human gastric carcinoma SGC7901 cells and its possible mechanism.METHODS: SGC7901 cells were incubated in the medium containing digoxin at different concentrations for 24 h.CCK-8 assay was employed to detect the anti-tumor effect of digoxin on SGC7901 cells, and IC50 value of digoxin was calculated.Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptosis and the cell cycle.Western blot was used to analyze the protein levels of c-Src, p-c-Src(Tyr416), Akt, p-Akt(Ser473), ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 (Tyr204).The mRNA expression of c-Src was by RT-PCR.RESULTS: As the concentration of digoxin increased, the cell viability was reduced gradually starting at 50 nmol/L digoxin treatment (P<0.05).The cell viability was reduced to the lowest extent by exposure to 500 nmol/L digoxin (P<0.05).The IC50 value of digoxin was 191.45 nmol/L for 24 h.After treatment with 200 nmol/L digoxin for 24 h, the apoptotic rate and the proportion of G0/G1 phase were significantly increased (P<0.05), the phosphorylated levels of c-Src, ERK1/2 and Akt declined (P<0.05), the mRNA and protein levels of c-Src were down-regulated (P<0.05) and the ability of migration was weaker (P<0.05) than that in control group.CONCLUSION: Digoxin may suppress the growth and induce the apoptosis of human gastric carcinoma SGC7901 cells by inhibiting the expression of c-Src gene and down-regulating the phosphorylated levels of ERK1/2 and Akt.

17.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1712-1719, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669128

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inducing effects and related pathways of selenium dioxide ( SeO2 ) on the apoptosis in 2 human cervical carcinoma cell lines of high risk HPV subtypes .Methods HeLa (HPV-18-positive) and Caski (HPV-16-positive) cells were incubated with different concentrations of SeO 2 for 24 h respectively.Mor-phological changes of HeLa and Caski cells were observed under inverted optical microscope ;cell proliferation and activity were examined by MTT assay;flow cytometry was employed to detect the cell apoptosis;the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3 and p53 in cervical carcinoma cell lines were determined by Western blot analysis;the effects of SeO 2 on apoptosis-related miRNA LET-7a expression was detected by stem-loop reverse tran-scription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).Results Cell morphology was obviously changed in vitro.Cells be-came rounded and shrunken .SeO2 markedly inhibited cell proliferation and viability in a dose-dependent manner in both cell lines; In HeLa cells the inhibitory effects induced by 7.5-30 μmol/L of SeO 2 were significant ( P<0.05);The inhibitory effects on Caski were statistical significant (P<0.05) even with low concentrations of SeO 2. The apoptosis induced by SeO 2 increased dose-dependently in cervical carcinoma cell lines , which were higher in Caski.SeO2 up-regulated the apoptosis-related proteins in cervical carcinoma cell lines .The expressions of caspase-3 and p53 in HeLa cells both significantly increased as compared with control group (P<0.05), and peaked at the concentration of 7.5 μmol/L.Treated with higher concentrations ( 7.5-30 μmol/L ) of SeO 2 , the expression on Caski cells increased significantly ( P<0.05 ) .SeO 2 induced of expression of apoptosis-related miRNA LET-7a both in HeLa cells and Caski cells with statistical meanings ( P<0.05 );the effects reached its peak at the concentration of 7.5 μmol/L bothly.Conclusions SeO2 shows anti-tumor properties via apoptosis pathway by up-regulating the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3, the mechanisms of can be potentially explained by p 53 and LET-7a in cervical cancer cell lines.The apoptosis-inducing effect of SeO2 is more sensitive in HPV16+cell line compared with HPV18+cell line.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667543

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative sequential transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) followed by selective portal venous embolization (PVE) in patients with marginally resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).The aim was to find out whether this combined procedure helped to increase the rate of extended radical liver resection.Methods From March 2009 to November 2016,29 patients with HCC which were marginally resectable underwent preoperative TACE combined with PVE were included into this study.All these patients were subsequently assessed to undergo radical hepatectomy.The complications,laboratory results,volume changes of each liver lobe and patient survival were analyzed.Results TACE combined with PVE was successful in all the 29 patients.There were no major complications.After the procedure,the volumes of the tumor and the part of the liver to be resected decreased to certain degree.The remnant liver volume (RLV) increased remarkably.The RLV were (395.4 ±58.7) cm3 and (599.2 ±75.2) cm3 before and after the procedure,respectively.The difference was significant (P < 0.05).19 patients underwent radical hemihepatectomy or trisectionectomy,with a resection rate of 65.5% (19/29).There were sufficient surgical margins in all the resected tumors.After operation,the 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rates were 58.8%,35.5% and 17.6%,respectively.Conclusion For HCC patients who had marginally resectable HCC,preoperative TACE combined with PVE efficiently controlled the growth of the tumors,decreased the volume of the liver lobe with tumor,increased the RLV,and made it possible for a planned two-stage radical hepatectomy with sufficient surgical margin and better survival in a significant proportion of patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662806

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of gastroesophagostomy when patients with esophagus carcinoma com bined with stomach carcinoma.Methods In March 2011 to May 2016,our department completed with the method of genera tion of esophagus stomach in the treatment of esophageal cancer merger 18 cases of gastric cancer patients.Age 52-67,16 ca ses of esophageal lesions located in the middle section,2 cases located in the chest.4 cases were gastric lesions located in the proximal stomach,14 cases were located in the distal stomach Four kinds of surgical methods can be chosen from.Proximal or distal stomach could be used to replace esophagus and the blood supply came from left gastric artery or right gastroepiploic artery.Stomach tissue separation and reverse gastric tube were used if the length of stomach was insufficieut.Results When resection of esophageal and gastric carcinoma were accomplished simultaneously,residue stomach can be used as a replacement of esophagus if patients were rigidly selected.Conclusion Residue stomach was a good substitute after radical resection of esoph agus and gastric dual-source carcinoma.Patients chosen and surgery design were both important.

20.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1083-1091, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661863

ABSTRACT

Valproic acid is a first-line broad-spectrum antiepileptic drug, however, the pharmacokinetics of valproic acid are affected by many factors, such as heredity, drug combination and so on. So, how to realize the individualized dosing regimen of valproic acid has received much attention. Population pharmacokinetics combines classical pharmacokinetic principles and population statistical models to quantitatively evaluate the influence factor of drug concentration in the patient population. Thus, it can optimize characterization of the differences among individuals. This article reviews the researches about valproic acid in recent years, and summarizes the effect of the factors on the metabolism of valproic acid, such as drug combination and gene polymorphism. Additionally, focus on the latest research progress of individual administration of valproic acid under the guidance of population pharmacokinetics.

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