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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 338-344, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011379

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the effects of Liuwei Dihuang Tang on the expression levels of ferritin, recombinant solute carrier family 7 member 11(SLC7A11), glutathione(GSH), and glutathione peroxidase 4(GPX4)in retinal of aging model rats.METHODS: A total of 45 SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, and a traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)group, with 15 rats in each group. The blank group was intraperitoneally injected with physiological saline, while the model group and TCM group were intraperitoneally injected with D-galactose [500 mg/(kg·d)]. At the same time, the TCM group was orally administered with Liuwei Dihuang Tang [6.75 g/(kg·d)], while the blank group and model group were orally administered with equal volume of physiological saline for 8 consecutive wk. The expression levels of ferritin, SLC7A11, GSH, and GPX4 in the retinal tissues of rats in each group were detected.RESULTS: The expression of ferritin in the retinal tissue of the model group was increased compared to the blank group(P<0.05), while the expression of GSH, SLC7A11, and GPX4 was reduced(P<0.05). The expression of GSH, SLC7A11, and GPX4 in the retina tissue of rats in the TCM group was higher than that in the model group(P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Liuwei Dihuang Tang may exert a delaying effect on retinal aging by regulating the ferroptosis pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 976-985, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore eye movement characteristics in newly diagnosed, drug-naive Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients and their correlation with motor and non-motor symptoms.Methods:Seventy-five newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients and 46 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were recruited from the Department of Neurology, Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from November 2017 to December 2021, while HCs were recruited from the local community during the same period. For PD patients, motor severity was measured with the modified Hoehn and Yahr stage, Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale part Ⅲ and the Freezing of Gait questionnaire. Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by serial scales such as Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire, 16-item odor identification test from Sniffin Sticks, 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Basic and REM Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire. All subjects underwent oculomotor test including pro-saccade task and smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) task in the horizontal direction via videonystagmography. Visually guided saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at three frequencies (0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz) of the horizontal axis were compared between the 2 groups. The association between key oculomotor parameters and clinical phenotypes was explored in PD patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of eye movement parameters as independent factors were also performed for detecting PD from HCs, then combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) as the model to distinguish PD from HCs.Results:Relative to HCs, newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients showed prolonged saccadic latency [(210.4±41.3) ms vs (191.3±18.9) ms, t=-3.445, P=0.001] and decreased saccadic accuracy (88.4%±6.8% vs 92.2%±6.1%, t=3.064, P=0.003). SPEM gain in PD was uniformly reduced at each frequency(0.1 Hz: 0.68±0.15 vs 0.74±0.14, t=2.261, P=0.026; 0.2 Hz: 0.72±0.16 vs 0.79±0.16, t=2.704, P=0.008; 0.4 Hz: 0.67±0.19 vs 0.78±0.19, t=2.937, P=0.004). The ROC analyses of saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz as independent factors for detecting PD from HCs showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of each parameter was lower than 0.7: the AUC of saccade latency was 0.641 ( P=0.010), the AUC of saccadic accuracy was 0.681 ( P=0.001), the AUC of gain in SPEM at 0.1 Hz was 0.616 ( P=0.032), at 0.2 Hz was 0.652 ( P=0.005), at 0.4 Hz was 0.660 ( P=0.003). Combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) revealed that the model could significantly distinguish PD from HCs with an 80.4% sensitivity and a 73.3% specificity (AUC=0.780, P<0.001). Prolonged saccadic latency was correlated with long disease duration ( β=0.334, 95% CI 0.014-0.654, P=0.041), whereas decreased SPEM gain was associated with severe motor symptoms in newly diagnosed drug-naive PD patients (0.1 Hz: β=-0.004, 95% CI -0.008--0.001, P=0.036; 0.4 Hz: β=-0.006, 95% CI -0.011--0.001, P=0.012). Conclusions:Ocular movements are impaired in newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients. These changes could be indicators for disease progression in PD.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 225-230, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore differences of resting brain regional homogeneity (ReHo) between patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their siblings.Methods:From January to December 2013, the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data of 87 patients with MDD and 21 healthy siblings were collected.DPABI v5.1 software was used to preprocess the resting-state fMRI data, and ReHo maps of each subject was obtained. A two-sample t-test was used to compare differences between the patients with MDD and their siblings in ReHo values throughout the brain. ReHo values within the significant brain regions were extracted out, and used to calculate Spearman correlation with the total score of 17-items Hamilton depression rating scale(HAMD-17) in the patients with MDD and their siblings respectively.The software of SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results:The patients with MDD exhibited lower ReHo values in the precuneus extending to the posterior cingulate cortex (PCu/PCC) compared with their siblings (cluster-size=126 voxel, cluster-level PFDR=0.033; MNI: x=-4, y=-58, z=38, t=4.30). ReHo values of the PCu/PCC in patient with MDD were positively correlated with the severity of depressive symptoms ( r=0.255, P=0.021). Conclusion:Compared with the siblings, local brain activity of the PCu/PCC in the patients with MDD was decreased, and related to the severity of depressive symptoms. It is helpful to further reveal the intrinsic neural mechanism of MDD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 908-911, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application effect of the "group-based" teaching assistant (TA) guidance model in homogenized clinical skill training.Methods:A pilot study was conducted on the cardiopulmonary resuscitation training course, and 32 students majoring in clinical integrative Chinese and Western medicine (five-year program) who were admitted to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018 were randomly divided into control group ( n = 16) and TA group ( n = 16). The control group received traditional teaching methods, and the TA group was further divided into subgroups A, B, C, and D, with four graduate TAs providing group-based teaching. The groups were compared in terms of their satisfaction and test scores. SPSS 25.0 was used for t-test and analysis of variance. Results:The satisfaction survey showed that compared with the control group, the TA group had significantly higher degree of satisfaction with the increased practical opportunities, clinical skill practical ability, learning effect, and overall satisfaction. The immediate test showed that there was no significant difference in test score between the TA group (85.19±2.93) points and the control group (82.75±4.52) points. The test 30 days later showed that the TA group (83.50±5.13) points had a significantly higher test score than the control group (74.68±3.87) points, and the control group had a significantly lower test score than that in the immediate test ( P <0.001); however, there was no significant difference in the TA group's score between the immediate test and the test 30 days later. Conclusion:The "group-based" TA guidance model has a good effect in homogenized clinical skill training, and has a stable long-term effect, with high student satisfaction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 384-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991326

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students.Methods:Experimental control method was used in this study. A total of 120 eight-year program medical students in the third year of Batch 2014 to 2016 from the Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were selected as the research objects. The students of each grade were randomly selected by computer and divided into experimental group and control group, with 20 students in each group. Before early clinical exposure, the experimental group received 16 class hours of early clinical clerkship training, while the control group did not receive early clinical clerkship training. After the early clinical exposure, the clinical diagnosis and treatment ability of the two groups of students was compared. SPSS 24.0 software was used for t test. Results:The scores of medical history inquiry of experimental group and control group were [(17.45±1.96) points and (15.95±1.93) points; (18.30±1.03) points and (16.75±1.86) points; (17.95±1.36) points and (16.40±1.60) points, respectively]. The physical examination scores were [(17.75±1.65) points and (16.05±1.64) points; (17.85±1.18) points and (16.80±1.47) points; (18.25±1.16) points and (16.85±1.63) points, respectively]. The clinical judgment scores were [(18.15±1.42) points and (16.35±2.41) points; (18.20±1.24) points and (16.65±1.53) points; (18.35±1.35) points and (16.25±1.83) points, respectively]. Diagnosis and treatment scheme scores were [(17.15±1.57) points and (14.55±2.56) points; (17.30±1.42) points and (15.90±1.48) points; (17.80±1.06) points and (16.35±1.87) points, respectively]. The scores of communication skills were [(17.95±1.15) points and (17.00±1.19) points; (18.55±0.83) points and (17.45±1.50) points; (18.45±1.00) points and (17.45±1.23) points, respectively], with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The application of early clinical clerkship training in the early exposure to clinical practice of eight-year program medical students can improve the quality of students' clerkship.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 594-599, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of the total IgE, and their relationship with allergens and peripheral blood eosinophils in patients with allergic.Methods:The cross-sectional study was used, and 1 417 patients with allergic in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were selected. The serum total IgE was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the total IgE>60 kU/L was increased. The blood routine was detected by automated hematology analyzer. Using inhalant allergens and food allergens specific IgE antibody detection kits, the serum or plasma allergen-specific IgE antibodies were detected by Oumeng imprinting in vitro semi quantitative method.Results:Among 1 417 patients with allergic, elevated total IgE was in 617 cases (43.54%), normal total IgE in 800 cases (56.46%); 749 cases (52.86%) were allergic, the most common inhalation allergen was dust mite (38.72%, 218/563), and the most common food allergen was peanut (24.01%, 109/454). The rate of normal total IgE, eosinophils and non allergic was 19.20% (272/1 417). The male proportion, ratio of eosinophils, eosinophils count, total index of inhaled allergens, total index of non inhaled allergens, number of positive allergens, total positive index and average positive index in patients with elevated total IgE were significantly higher than those in patient with normal total IgE, the age was significantly lower than that in patients with normal total IgE, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The total IgE<60 kU/L (normal total IgE) was in 800 cases, total IgE from 60 to 499 kU/L (mild elevation of total IgE) in 487 cases, total IgE from 500 to 999 kU/L (moderate elevation of total IgE) in 78 cases, total IgE≥1 000 kU/L (severe elevation of total IgE) in 52 cases. The male proportion and age in patients with sever elevation of total IgE and moderate elevation of total IgE were significantly higher than those in patients with mild elevation of total IgE and normal total IgE, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The compound allergy rate in patients with severe elevation of total IgE was significantly higher than that in patients with moderate elevation of total IgE, mild elevation of total IgE and normal total IgE: 73.08% (38/52) vs. 60.26% (47/78), 38.40% (187/487), 17.00% (136/800), and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). The ratio of eosinophils, eosinophils count and number of positive allergens increased with increasing total IgE level, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). The number of dermatophagoides/dermatophagoides culinae allergic in patients with moderate elevation of total IgE was significantly more than that in patients with sever elevation of total IgE, mild elevation of total IgE and normal total IgE, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Allergic disease may show a normal level of total IgE. Males are more likely to be troubled with high level of IgE. Patients with total IgE ≥1 000 kU/L should be alert to the possibility of poly-sensitization. Total IgE was no longer correlated with individual allergy severity in patients with total IgE≥500 kU/L.

7.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 587-594, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of extrafine-particle versus fine-particle inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) combined with formoterol on clinical symptoms, airway inflammation and airway function in patients with bronchial asthma (referred to as asthma).Methods:This prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial enrolled a total of 111 patients diagnose of asthma and cough variant asthma with forced expired volume in one second (FEV 1) percentage of predicted (FEV 1%pred) >70% in Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from November 2020 to October 2022. The patients were divided into observation group (57 cases) and control group (54 cases) by random digits table method. The patients in observation group were treated with extrafine-particle ICS combined with formoterol, while the patients in control group were treated with fine-particle ICS combined with formoterol. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. During treatment 10 patients lost follow up and a total of 101 patients complete the final study: 52 cases in observation group and 49 cases in control group. At baseline, the asthma control test (ACT) score was calculated to evaluate the clinical symptoms, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) was applied to evaluate the airway inflammatory level, and the pulmonary function test and bronchodilation test were perfromed. The symptom relief time was record. After treatment, all of the parameters were reevaluated. Results:The FEV 1, peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced expired flow at 50% of forced vital capacity (MEF 50), forced expired flow at 25% of forced vital capacity (MEF 25), maximal expiratory flow-volume curve (MMEF) and ACT score after treatment in both groups were significantly improved compared to baseline, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). The improvement of ACT score in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group: (5.90 ± 2.25) scores vs. (4.10 ± 2.18) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01); there were no statistical differences in the symptom relief time and the improvement rates of FEV 1, PEF, MEF 50, MEF 25, MMEF between the two groups ( P>0.05). Further subgroup analysis was performed on 78 patients with small airway dysfunction, 39 patients were treated with extrafine-particle ICS combined with formoterol (observation subgroup), and 39 patients were treated with fine-particle ICS combined with formoterol (control subgroup). The improvement of ACT score in observation subgroup was significantly higher than that in control subgroup: (6.05 ± 2.22) scores vs. (3.95 ± 2.19) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01); there were no statistical differences in the symptom relief time and the improvement rates of FEV 1, PEF, MEF 50, MEF 25, MMEF between the two subgroups ( P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis result showed that the improvement rates of MEF 50, MEF 25 and MMEF after treatment were positive correlated with baseline bronchodilator responses of FEV 1, FEV 1/FVC, MEF 50, MEF 25, MMEF ( r = 0.22 to 0.58, P<0.05), but not with baseline bronchodilator responses of PEF ( P>0.05). In terms of safety, neither of the two treatments had major adverse reactions that affect treatment. Conclusions:For asthma patients with baseline FEV 1%pred>70%, the extrafine-particle ICS combined with formoterol has more significantly improved of clinical symptoms compared to fine-particle ICS combined with formoterol, and potentially with better safety profile. The improvement ratio of small airway function parameters in baseline bronchodilation test could potentially predict treatment response.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960905

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Xinfeng capsules on immunoinflammatory indicators in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance. MethodA total of 102 patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group according to the random number table method, with 51 cases in each group. All patients were treated with methotrexate tablets, while those in the observation group received additional Xinfeng capsules. The course of treatment in both groups was 12 weeks. The 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28), visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, morning stiffness time, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and serum amyloid A (SAA) of the two groups before and after treatment were compared. The efficacy and incidence of adverse events were compared between the two groups. The Apriori association rule model and random walk model were constructed to evaluate the effect of Xinfeng capsules in improving hs-CRP, ESR, RF, SAA, VEGF, and anti-CCP. ResultThere were no dropouts in this study. There was no statistical difference in the indicators between the two groups before treatment. After 12 weeks of treatment, the total effective rate in the observation group was 90.19% (46/51), which was higher than 74.51% (38/51) in the control group (χ2=4.320,P<0.05). DAS28, VAS score, and morning stiffness time in the observation group were improved compared with those in the control group (P<0.05). Apriori association rule model results showed that the application of Xinfeng capsules in the observation group had a strong correlation with the reduction of RF, ESR, hs-CRP, SAA, and VEGF. The results of the random walk model showed that the improvement coefficients of hs-CRP, ESR, RF, SAA, and VEGF in the observation group were all better than those of the control group, and the improvement coefficient of anti-CCP in the control group was better than that of the observation group. The improvement degree of hs-CRP, ESR, RF, SAA, and VEGF in the observation group was superior to that of the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was lower than in the control group (χ2=4.057,P<0.05). ConclusionOn the basis of the treatment with methotrexate tablets, Xinfeng capsules can effectively improve the immunoinflammatory level in RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance and reduce the incidence of adverse reactions.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1824-1828, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013683

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a risk factor for a variety of cardiovascular diseases, which is an important public health problem in the world today. MiRNAs are a class of highly conserved non-coding small RNAs. In recent years, studies have found that miRNAs are involved in the occurrence and development of hypertension through a variety of ways, causing damage to the important target organs of hypertension, such as heart, brain and kidney. This article reviews the research progress of miRNA in hypertension in recent years, in order to clarify its role in the process of hypertension and target organ damage, and provide ideas for exploring new therapeutic targets of hypertension.

10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1134-1138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of acupuncture, Chinese medication and combination of acupuncture and medication in the treatment of dry eye complicated with computer vision syndrome (CVS).@*METHODS@#A total of 152 patients with dry eye complicated with CVS were randomly divided into an acupuncture-medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), an acupuncture group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off), a Chinese medication group (38 cases, 1 case was removed), and a western medication group (38 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the western medication group, sodium hyaluronate eye drop combined with esculin and digitalis glycosides eye drop were used. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at bilateral Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Fengchi (GB 20), Qimen (LR 14) , and Hegu (LI 4) etc., once a day. In the Chinese medication group, Yiqi Congming decoction formula ganule was given orally, one dose a day. In the acupuncture-medication group, acupuncture combined with Yiqi Congming decoction formula granule were used. All groups were treated for 14 d. The non-invasive first tear film break-up time (NIBUT f), non-invasive average tear film break-up time (NIBUT av), tear meniscus height (TMH), ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, and CVS symptom score were compared between the patients of each group before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and TMH were increased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01); the NIBUT f and NIBUT av in the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were higher than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05), and the TMH in the acupuncture-medication group and the Chinese medication group were higher than those in the acupuncture group and the western medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the OSDI scores, the various scores and total scores of CVS (except for head symptom score in the western medication group) were decreased compared with those before treatment in the patients of the 4 groups (P<0.01). The OSDI score, total score, eye symptom score, and body symptom score of CVS in the acupuncture-medication group were lower than those in the acupuncture group, the Chinese medication group, and the western medication group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the head symptom score of the acupuncture-medication group was lower than that in the western medication group (P<0.05), and the CVS physical symptom scores and mental cognitive symptom scores of the acupuncture-medication group and the acupuncture group were lower than those in the Chinese medication group and the western medication group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture has advantages in improving NIBUT f, NIBUT av, and CVS physical symptoms and cognitive symptoms, and the Chinese medication has advantage in improving TMH. The combination of acupuncture and Chinese medication has better effects compared with monotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Acupuncture Therapy , Computers , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points , Ophthalmic Solutions
11.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 834-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004753

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the current situation of direct exemption of clinical blood fess for voluntary blood donors and their family members in Henan Province, in order to improve and fully implement the policy. 【Methods】 According to the policy on blood fees exemption issued by China and Henan Province in 2019,the data of hospitals in 18 prefecture-level cities in Henan from 2020 to 2021 were continuously collected from the system of clinical blood fees exemption,including the way of exemption,the number of people (times) of exemption,exemption amount, the proportion of blood fees exemption and the total exemption rate. The experience gained in the past two years after the implementation of the policy was summarized,and the existing problems and causes were analyzed. 【Results】 The rates of direct exemption of blood fees in Henan Province in 2020 and 2021 were 34.53% (8 709/25 221) and 71.68%(23 587/32 906) (P<0.05) ,respectively. In 2021, the direct exemption rate of blood fees in 18 cities was 6.20% (83/1 370) to 88.50% (1 332/1 505) [ (47.35±41.15)%],and increased month by month from 43.19% (1 183/2 507) in January to 83.15% (2 097/2 522) in August, then remained stable at a similar level to August from September to December, with 83.43% (2 744/3 289) in December as the highest for the year. 【Conclusion】 The implementation of the policy of blood fees exemption showed significant effectiveness, which has effectively promoted the development of voluntary blood donation in Henan. However, there is still room for improving the policy in some cities, which is expected to further increase the direct exemption rate of the city and the whole province.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962633

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of Qiju Dihuangtang combined with Chinese medicine fumigation in the treatment of dry eye and its effect on the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in tears. MethodA total of 120 patients with dry eye of liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome who were treated in the Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) from october 2019 to october 2021 were randomized into the observation group and control group. The control group was given sodium hyaluronate eye drops, and the observation group was treated with sodium hyaluronate eye drops, Qiju Dihuangtang, and Chinese medicine fumigation. The treatment lasted 30 days for both groups. The changes of ocular surface disease index (OSDI), TCM syndrome score, tear secretion (SIT), tear film breaking up time (BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (FL), and tear interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were observed. ResultAfter the treatment, the total effective rate was 90.0% (54/60) in the observation group and 75.0% (45/60) in the control group (χ2=4.675, P<0.05). After treatment, the OSDI score and TCM syndrome score were lower than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the SIT and BUT were higher (P<0.05) and FL score was lower (P<0.05) than those before treatment in both groups. After treatment, the improvement of the above indicators in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of IL-6 and MMP-9 were lower than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionQiju Dihuangtang combined with Chinese medicine fumigation can effectively improve subjective symptoms, promote tear secretion, prolong BUT, enhance corneal epithelial repair, and reduce the levels of tear IL-6 and MMP-9 in the treatment of dry eye.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 680-685, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981807

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a child with Pitt-Hopkins syndrome.@*METHODS@#A child who had presented at the Medical Genetics Center of Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on February 24, 2021 and his parents were selected as the study subjects. Clinical data of the child was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents and subjected to trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES). Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. Karyotype analysis was also carried out for the child, and her mother was subjected to ultra-deep sequencing and prenatal diagnosis upon her subsequent pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#The clinical manifestations of the proband included facial dysmorphism, Simian crease, and mental retardation. Genetic testing revealed that he has carried a heterozygous c.1762C>T (p.Arg588Cys) variant of the TCF4 gene, for which both parents had a wild-type. The variant was unreported previously and was rated as likely pathogenic based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG). Ultra-deep sequencing indicated that the variant has a proportion of 2.63% in the mother, suggesting the presence of low percentage mosaicism. Prenatal diagnosis of amniotic fluid sample suggested that the fetus did not carry the same variant.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1762C>T variant of the TCF4 gene probably underlay the disease in this child and has derived from the low percentage mosaicism in his mother.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mosaicism , Mothers , Mutation , Parents , Transcription Factor 4/genetics
14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 28-36, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971610

ABSTRACT

The emerging of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused COVID-19 pandemic. The first case of COVID-19 was reported at early December in 2019 in Wuhan City, China. To examine specific antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in biological samples before December 2019 would give clues when the epidemic of SARS-CoV-2 might start to circulate in populations. We obtained all 88,517 plasmas from 76,844 blood donors in Wuhan between 1 September and 31 December 2019. We first evaluated the pan-immunoglobin (pan-Ig) against SARS-CoV-2 in 43,850 samples from 32,484 blood donors with suitable sample quality and enough volume. Two hundred and sixty-four samples from 213 donors were pan-Ig reactive, then further tested IgG and IgM, and validated by neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Two hundred and thirteen samples (from 175 donors) were only pan-Ig reactive, 8 (from 4 donors) were pan-Ig and IgG reactive, and 43 (from 34 donors) were pan-Ig and IgM reactive. Microneutralization assay showed all negative results. In addition, 213 screened reactive donors were analyzed and did not show obviously temporal or regional tendency, but the distribution of age showed a difference compared with all tested donors. Then we reviewed SARS-CoV-2 antibody results from these donors who donated several times from September 2019 to June 2020, partly tested in a previous published study, no one was found a significant increase in S/CO of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Our findings showed no SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies existing among blood donors in Wuhan, China before 2020, indicating no evidence of transmission of COVID-19 before December 2019 in Wuhan, China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Viral , Blood Donors , China/epidemiology , COVID-19/immunology , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 117-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the phenotypes of the newborns with SLC26A4 single-allele mutation in deafness genetic screening and second variant; to analyze the SLC26A4 genotype and hearing phenotype. Methods: 850 newborns born in Beijing from April 2015 to December 2019 were included and there were 468 males and 382 females. They received genetic deafness screening for 9 or 15 variants, with the result of SLC26A4 single-allele mutation. Firstly, three step deafness gene sequencing was adopted in this work, i.e., the first step was "SLC26A4 gene whole exons and splice sites" sequencing; the second step was "SLC26A4 gene promoter, FOXI1 gene and KCNJ10 gene whole exons" sequencing; and the third step was detection for "SLC26A4 gene copy number variation". Secondly, we collected the results of newborn hearing screening for all patients with the second mutation found in the three step test, and conducted audiological examinations, such as acoustic immittance, auditory brainstem response and auditory steady state response. Thirdly, for novel/VUS mutations, we searched the international deafness gene database or software, such as DVD, ClinVar and Mutation Taster, to predict the pathogenicity of mutations according to the ACMG guideline. Lastly, we analyzed the relationship between genotype and phenotype of newborns with SLC26A4 single allele mutation. Results: Among 850 cases, the median age of diagnosis was 4 months. In the first step, 850 cases were sequenced. A total of 32 cases (3.76%, 32/850) of a second variants were detected, including 18 cases (2.12%, 18/850) with identified pathogenic variants; 832 cases were sequenced and 8 cases of KCNJ10 gene missense variants were detected among the second step. No missense mutations in the FOXI1 gene and abnormal SLC26A4 gene promoter were detected; the third step sequencing results were all negative. Genotypes and hearing phenotypes included 18 cases combined with the second clear pathogenic variant, 16 cases (16/18) referred newborn hearing screening and 2 cases (2/18) passed in both ears; degree of hearing loss consisted of 18 profound ears (18/36), 13 severe ears (13/36) and 5 moderate ears (5/36); audiogram patterns comprised 17 high frequency drop ears (17/36), 14 flat ears (14/36), 3 undistinguished ears (3/36), and 2 U shaped ears (2/36); 11 cases underwent imaging examination, all of which were bilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct. As for 22 cases of other genotypes, all passed neonatal hearing screening and the hearing diagnosis was normal, including 9 cases with VUS or possibly novel benign variants, 8 cases with KCNJ10 double gene heterozygous variants, and 5 cases with double heterozygous variants. Conclusions: The probability of individuals with SLC26A4 single-allele variant who merge with a second pathogenic variant is 2.12%, all of which are SNV, which can provide scientific basis for the genetic diagnosis and genetic counseling of SLC26A4 variants. Those who have merged with second pathogenic variant are all diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss. Patients with KCNJ10 gene mutations do not manifest hearing loss during the infancy, suggesting the need for further follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Alleles , Deafness/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genotype , Hearing Loss/genetics , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Sulfate Transporters/genetics , Vestibular Aqueduct , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/genetics
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 148-156, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971380

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is currently one of the most common malignancies that endanger the lives and health of elderly men. In recent years, immunotherapy, which exploits the activation of anti-cancer host immune cells to accomplish tumor-killing effects, has emerged as a new study avenue in the treatment of prostate cancer. As an important component of immunotherapy, cancer vaccines have a unique position in the precision treatment of malignant tumors. Monocyte cell vaccines, dendritic cell vaccines, viral vaccines, peptide vaccines, and DNA/mRNA vaccines are the most often used prostate cancer vaccines. Among them, Sipuleucel-T, as a monocyte cell-based cancer vaccine, is the only FDA-approved therapeutic vaccine for prostate cancer, and has a unique position and role in advancing the development of immunotherapy for prostate cancer. However, due to its own limitations, Sipuleucel-T has not been widely adopted. Meanwhile, owing to the complexity of immunotherapy and the specificity of prostate cancer, the remaining prostate cancer vaccines have not shown good clinical benefit in large randomized phase II and phase III trials, and further in-depth studies are still needed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Cancer Vaccines/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy , Prostate/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Tissue Extracts/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and results of genetic testing in three children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children and their parents were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected for next generation sequencing analysis.@*RESULTS@#The main clinical manifestations of the three children have included growth delay, mental retardation, peculiar facies and other accompanying symptoms. Based on the criteria proposed by the International Diagnostic Consensus, all three children were suspected for CdLS. As revealed by whole exome sequencing, child 1 has harbored NIPBL gene c.5567_5569delGAA insTAT missense variant, child 2 has harbored SMC1A gene c.607A>G missense variant, and child 3 has harbored HDAC8 gene c.628+1G>A splicing variant. All of the variants were de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#All of the children were diagnosed with CdLS due to pathogenic variants of the associated genes, among which the variants of NIPBL and HDAC8 genes were unreported previously. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of pathogenic variants underlying CdLS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , De Lange Syndrome/diagnosis , Genotype , Phenotype , Genetic Testing , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 642-649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986127

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is an oral infectious disease that occurs in the tooth supporting tissues, which damages the soft and hard tissues of the periodontium and eventually results in tooth mobility and loss. Traditional clinical treatment can effectively control the periodontal infection and inflammation. However, as the therapeutic effect depending on the local condition of periodontal defect and the systemic factors of patients, it's hard to achieve satisfactory and stable periodontal tissue regeneration for damaged periodontal tissues. Recently, as a promising therapeutic strategy in periodontal regeneration, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) play an important role in modern regenerative medicine. Combined with the clinical translational researches of MSC in periodontal tissue engineering and the research results of our group in the past decade, it is summarized and explained the mechanism of MSC promoting periodontal regeneration, the preclinical and the clinical transformation researches as well as the future application prospects of MSC in periodontal regeneration therapy in this paper.

19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984677

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of surgical treatment of aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm in adult patients. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. Adult patients with aortic coarctation who were hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to April 2019 were enrolled. The aortic coarctation was diagnosed by aortic CT angiography, and the included patients were divided into the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group based on descending aortic diameter. General clinical data and surgery-related data were collected from the included patients, and death and complications were recorded at 30 days after surgery, and upper limb systolic blood pressure was measured in all patients at discharge. Patients were followed up after discharge by outpatient visit or telephone call for their survival and the occurrence of repeat interventions and adverse events, which included death, cerebrovascular events, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, hypertension, postoperative restenosis, and other cardiovascular-related interventions. Results: A total of 107 patients with aortic coarctation aged (34.1±15.2) years were included, and 68 (63.6%) were males. There were 16 cases in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group and 91 cases in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group. In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, 6 cases (6/16) underwent artificial vessel bypass, 4 cases (4/16) underwent thoracic aortic artificial vessel replacement, 4 cases (4/16) underwent aortic arch replacement+elephant trunk procedure, and 2 cases (2/16) underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the choice of surgical approach (all P>0.05). In the combined descending aortic aneurysm group at 30 days after surgery, one case underwent re-thoracotomy surgery, one case developed incomplete paraplegia of the lower extremity, and one case died; and the differences in the incidence of endpoint events at 30 days after surgery were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Systolic blood pressure in the upper extremity at discharge was significantly lower in both groups compared with the preoperative period (in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group: (127.3±16.3) mmHg vs. (140.9±16.3) mmHg, P=0.030, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa; in the uncomplicated descending aortic aneurysm group: (120.7±13.2) mmHg vs. (151.8±26.3) mmHg, P=0.001). The follow-up time was 3.5 (3.1, 4.4) years. There were no new deaths in the combined descending aortic aneurysm group, no transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction or re-thoracotomy surgery, and one patient (1/15) suffered cerebral infarction and 10 patients (10/15) were diagnosed with hypertension. The differences in the occurrence of endpoint events during postoperative follow-up were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: In experienced centers, long-term prognosis of patients with aortic coarctation combined with descending aortic aneurysm is satisfactory post surgical intervention.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Aortic Coarctation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2976-2989, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982894

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. However, current treatment modalities mainly relieve pain and inhibit cartilage degradation, but do not promote cartilage regeneration. In this study, we show that G protein-coupled receptor class C group 5 member B (GPRC5B), an orphan G-protein-couple receptor, not only inhibits cartilage degradation, but also increases cartilage regeneration and thereby is protective against OA. We observed that Gprc5b deficient chondrocytes had an upregulation of cartilage catabolic gene expression, along with downregulation of anabolic genes in vitro. Furthermore, mice deficient in Gprc5b displayed a more severe OA phenotype in the destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) induced OA mouse model, with upregulation of cartilage catabolic factors and downregulation of anabolic factors, consistent with our in vitro findings. Overexpression of Gprc5b by lentiviral vectors alleviated the cartilage degeneration in DMM-induced OA mouse model by inhibiting cartilage degradation and promoting regeneration. We also assessed the molecular mechanisms downstream of Gprc5b that may mediate these observed effects and identify the role of protein kinase B (AKT)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-autophagy signaling pathway. Thus, we demonstrate an integral role of GPRC5B in OA pathogenesis, and activation of GPRC5B has the potential in preventing the progression of OA.

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