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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 28-33, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906724

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the protective effect of Qishen recipe on corneal epithelial cells induced by hypertonic fluid, and elucidated its mechanism of action in the treatment of dry eye base on JNK1 / AQP5 pathway.<p>METHODS: Human corneal epithelial cells(HCECs)model was created by osmotic pressure at a concentration of 500mOsm/L for 24h. Serum of rats containing drugs in the blank group, model group, Western medicine group, and Qishen recipe low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups were treated on the modeled DE HCECs, and the effects of different drug stimulation on the survival rate of HCECs were tested by CCK-8 method. The expressions of inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 in extracellular fluid were explored by ELISA. The expression of apoptosis factors caspase 1 and AQP5 were detected by immunocytochemistry(ICC). The expressions of AQP5, JNK1, p-JNK1 of HCECs after intervention with different drug concentrations were found by Western blotting.<p>RESULTS: Compared with the blank group, the survival rate of HCECs in each group was significantly reduced(<i>P</i><0.01). The extracellular fluid inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and caspase-1, p-JNK1, AQP5 protein expression levels increased significantly in each group(all <i>P</i><0.01); In comparison to the model group, the survival rate of HCECs in each medication group increased significantly(all <i>P</i><0.01). The expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 in the extracellular fluid of each drug group, AQP 5 and p-JNK1 protein expression in HCECs, and the expression of caspase-1 and AQP5 protein in the western medicine group and the Qishen recipe high and medium dose group were all reduced(all <i>P</i><0.05). Compared with the western medicine group, the survival rate of HCECs in the Qishen prescription high-dose group was significantly increased(<i>P</i><0.01). The expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in each dose group of Qishen recipe were reduced(all <i>P</i><0.05), while the expression levels of caspase-1 in the high-dose Qishen recipe group and the AQP5 protein expression levels of the high and medium-dose Qishen recipe group saw a decrease(all <i>P</i><0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the JNK1 protein expression of HCECs of all the groups detected by Western blotting method(<i>P</i>>0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Qishen recipe can not only reduce the JNK1 phosphorylation and AQP5 protein expression of HCECs induced by hypertonicity, but also reduce the expression of inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 and the apoptotic factor caspase-1 of HCECs in the extracellular fluid, thus effectively Inhibit inflammation and apoptosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913067

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of imported malaria in the city. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including individual demographic data, and malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis data. All data were descriptively analyzed. The duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis, from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis and from onset to definitive diagnosis was compared among cases. In addition, the diagnoses of imported malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made were compared with the reexaminations by Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Results A total of 302 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria were reported in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and all were imported cases, with Plasmodium falciparum malaria as the predominant type (230 cases, 76.2%). There were 293 malaria cases imported from Africa (293 cases, 97.0%), which mainly included Nigeria (48 cases, 15.9%), Angola (40 cases, 13.2%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (29 cases, 9.6%). There was no obvious seasonality found in the date of malaria onset and time of reporting malaria. The ratio of male to female malaria cases was 49.3:1, and there were 103 cases (34.1%) with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City, 193 cases (63.9%) with the current residency address in other cities of Henan Province and 6 cases (2.0%) in other provinces of China. There were 271 cases (89.7%) seeking initial diagnosis in medical institutions, and the diagnostic accuracy of malaria was 56.6% (171/302) at initial diagnosis institutions. A total of 122 cases (40.4%) sought medical care on the day of malaria onset, and 252 cases (86.4%) within 3 days; however, only 22 cases (7.3%) were definitively diagnosed on the day of onset, and 162 cases (53.6%) diagnosed within 3 days. There were no significant differences between malaria cases seeking initial diagnosis at medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions in terms of the duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis (Z = −1.663, P > 0.05), from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.413, P > 0.05) or from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.838, P > 0.05). The median duration (interquartile range) from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was 3.00 (2.00), 3.00 (6.00), 2.00 (4.00) d and 1.00 (1.00) d among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower, county-, city- and province-level medical institutions, and the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was significantly longer among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower medical institutions than at city (Z = −3.286, P < 0.008 33) and province-level medical institutions (Z = −9.119, P < 0.008 33), while the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis [1.00 (3.00) d vs. 2.00 (4.00) d; Z = −4.099, P < 0.016] and from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis [3.00 (4.00) d vs. 4.00 (5.00) d; Z = −2.868, P < 0.016] among malaria cases with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City was both shorter than in other cities of Henan Province. The diagnostic accuracy was 89.1% (269/302) among malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made, and the accuracy of malaria reexaminations was 94.0% (284/302) in Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Conclusions P. falciparum malaria was predominant among reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and these imported malaria cases were predominantly diagnosed at medical institutions; however, the diagnostic capability of malaria is poor in township-level and lower medical institutions. Strengthening the collaboration between medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions and improving the diagnostic capability building at medical institutions are recommended to consolidate malaria elimination achivements.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912764

ABSTRACT

Multi-disciplinary team(MDT)mode is regarded as the key to standardized diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors. The model, however, encounters such roadblocks in the current form of MDT organization, as costly clinical resources and time consumption, low efficiency, poor management of participating experts in MDT, and lack of enforceability of the therapeutic decisions made. This paper summarized the practical MDT experiences of the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Shandong First Medical University. It introduced the construction of an intranet-based MDT system covering a large proportion of newly diagnosed malignant tumor patients, and the practices and achievements of such MDT management system under hospital administrative guidance. The authors proposed to use reporting ratio as the main assessment indicator in promoting MDT, and that to define the performance, responsibilities and rights in MDT practice. These measures aim at to upgrading individual behaviors of doctors to organizational behaviors of hospitals, and providing cancer patients with more standardized, comprehensive and personalized diagnosis and treatment decisions.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911278

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative cerebrospinal fluid/serum albumin ratio (Q-alb) and postoperative delirium (POD) in patients undergoing neuraxial anesthesia.Methods:The patients, aged 40-90 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, underwent total knee/hip replacement under combined spinal-epidural block in our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020, were collected.After admission to the operating room, venous blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected for determination of cerebrospinal fluid albumin, β-amyloid (Aβ) 1-42, Aβ 1-40, total tau protein (t-Tau), phosphorylated tau protein (p-Tau) and serum albumin levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and for calculation of Q-alb.When Q-alb was more than 10.2, the patient was considered to have blood-brain barrier disruption.Mini-Mental State Examination scale was used to evaluate the cognitive level on 1 day before surgery. The development of POD was evaluated using Confusion Assessment Method Chinese Reversion and Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale at 1-7 days after surgery.The patients were divided into POD group (P group) and non-POD (NP group) according to whether POD occurred.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the accuracy of Q-alb in predicting POD. Results:There were 49 cases in each group.Compared with group NP, concentrations of Aβ 1-42 and Aβ 1-40 were significantly decreased, concentrations of t-Tau and p-Tau albumin were increased, the ratio of Q-alb and blood-brain barrier disruption was increased in group P ( P<0.05). Before and after adjusting for confounding factors, Q-alb, cerebrospinal fluid Aβ 1-42, Aβ 1-40, t-Tau and p-Tau levels were risk factors for POD ( P<0.05). There was a positive linear regression relationship between Q-alb and levels of t-Tau and p-Tauin cerebrospinal fluid (t-Tau: β=0.587, P<0.001; p-Tau: β=0.427, P<0.001), and there was a negative linear regression relationship between Q-alb and levels of Aβ 1-42 and Aβ 1-40 in cerebrospinal fluid (Aβ 1-42: β=-0.762, P<0.001; Aβ 1-40: β=-0.531, P<0.001). There was no linear regression relationship between Q-alb and level of p-Tau in group P ( P=0.121). There was no linear regression relationship between Q-alb and level of Aβ 1-40 in group NP ( P=0.467). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve for Q-alb in predicting POD (95% confidence interval) was 0.827 (0.738-0.896). Conclusion:Preoperative higher Q-alb is the risk factor for POD in patients undergoing neuraxial anesthesia, and is more accurate in predicting POD.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 507-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characters and emergency treatment strategy of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urosepsis.Methods:Clinical data of 28 cases of urosepsis, caused by upper urinary tract stone obstruction and arranged for emergency admission in our hospital during January 2018 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 22 females. The median age was 54(32-93)years old. All patients had fever with the temperature ranged from 38.5 to 41.0 ℃. The median course of disease was 3 (ranging 1-14) days. The systolic blood pressure ranged from 76 to 138 mmHg at admission. Hypotension group was defined as the systolic blood pressure<90 mmHg after admission. Normotensive group was defined as the systolic blood pressure≥90 mmHg. There were 12 cases in hypotension group, including 3 males and 9 females. The median age was 57 (ranging 32-93) years old. The stones located at left side in 7 cases and right side in 5 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 5 cases, middle ureter in 2 cases, lower ureter in 4 cases and renal calculi in one case. The median length of the stone was 10 (ranging 6-20) mm. Six cases suffered with diabetes mellitus. One case suffered with neuron system disease. 3 cases have history of recent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL). There were 16 cases in normotensive group, including 3 males and 13 females with the median age of 53 (ranging 33-76) years old. The stones located at left side in 5 cases, right side in 9 cases and bilateral in 2 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 10 cases, middle ureter in 4 cases, lower ureter in 2 cases. The length of the stone was 10 (ranging 8-14) mm. There were 3 cases with neurological diseases and 3 cases with recent ESWL history. There was significant difference between hypotension group and normotensive group in ration of diabetes mellitus ( P=0.024). Blood routine examination, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin(PCT), blood and urine bacterial culture were performed in both groups. The patients were treated with empiric antibiotics after the evaluation based on the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA). Patients with hypotension were given blood volume expansion, and vasoactive drugs were added when the blood pressure was still low. After the blood pressure was stable, the collection system decompression was performed. The difference of infection indicators and therapeutic methods between the two groups was compared. Results:There was no significant difference in median WBC [16.34 (2.55-41.65) × 10 9/L vs. 13.97(6.23-26.65) × 10 9/L, P=0.577], median CRP [143.0(74.2-200.0) ng/ml vs.110.0 (22.7-200.0) ng/ml, P=0.771] between hypotension group and normotensive group. The difference of PCT [95.5 (26.5-200.0) ng / ml vs. 57.6 (1.0-200.0) ng / ml, P=0.040] and PLT [65.5(14.0-170.0)×10 9/L vs. 73.0(17.0-412.0)×10 9/L, P=0.030] between hypotension group and normotensive group was statistically significant. The median SOFA scores of hypotension group and normotensive group were significantly different [8.5(3.0-13.0) vs. 5.0(2.0-8.0), P=0.001]. Ureteral stent placement was performed in 23 cases, and nephrostomy was performed in 5 cases. There was no significant difference in surgical drainage between the two groups ( P=0.887). Eight patients in hypotension group were admitted to ICU. There was no significant difference in the duration of antibiotic use between hypotension group and normotensive group [8 (3-12) d vs. 5 (3-7) d, P=0.453]. Sepsis was cured in both groups after decompression, fluid resuscitation and antibiotic treatment. Conclusions:In severe cases of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urogenic sepsis, septic shock may occur. The condition is urgent, severe and dangerous. Patients with hypotension had higher PCT and SOFA scores, and lower PLT. It is very important to carry out the collection system decompression drainage in time, liquid resuscitation, early effective antibiotic use.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety, efficacy and application indication of intra-operative cell salvage (IOCS) in cesarean section.Methods:A total of 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS blood transfusion during cesarean section in 11 tertiary A hospitals from August 2016 to January 2019 were collected and divided into <1 500 ml group (796 cases) and ≥1 500 ml group (469 cases) according to the amount of blood loss during cesarean section. The general clinical data, ultrasonic imaging data, perinatal and puerperium indicators were analyzed retrospectively. The risk factors of intraoperative blood loss ≥1 500 mL using IOCS transfusion were analyzed by logistic multivariate regression.Results:(1) A total of 848 001 ml of blood was recovered and a total of 418 649 ml of blood was transfused in 1 265 pregnant women who received IOCS transfusions, which was equivalent to 23 258 U red blood cell suspension, greatly saving medical resources. The intraoperative blood loss in <1 500 ml group and ≥1 500 ml group was 800 ml (300-1 453 ml) and 2 335 ml (1 500-20 000 ml), respectively. No amniotic fluid embolism, severe adverse reactions, shock and death occurred in the two groups. (3) Multivariate regression analysis showed that age ≥35 years ( OR=1.5, 95% CI: 1.1-1.9), prenatal hemoglobin level <110 g/L ( OR=1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.2), history of uterine surgery ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.3-2.6), placenta previa ( OR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), placenta accreta ( OR=2.6, 95% CI: 1.8-3.9), blood pool in the placenta ( OR=1.6, 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), abnormal posterior placenta muscle wall ( OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.2-2.6), placenta projecting to the anterior uterine wall ( OR=3.0, 95% CI: 1.3-7.0) were risk factors for blood loss ≥1 500 ml in obstetric transfusion using IOCS technique, with statistical significance (all P<0.05). Conclusion:IOCS is safe and effective in cesarean section, which could save the medical resources and reduces medical expenses, however, it is necessary to strictly master the application indication.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1078-1082, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of distracting external fixator for tibiofibular fractures combined with osteofascial compartment syndrome.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 62 patients with tibiofibular fractures combined with osteofascial compartment syndrome admitted to Air Force Hospital from Eastern Theater of PLA from March 2009 to March 2019, including 47 males and 15 females, aged 20-78 years[(47.1±13.4)years]. There were 30 patients with tibia shaft fractures, 17 with tibia plateau fractures and 15 with tibia distal fractures. The fractures were classified as type 4A in 18 patients, type 4B in 24 and type 4C in 20 according to AO/OT classification. Distracting external fixation was performed for 30 patients(Group A)and calcaneal tuberosity traction for 32 patients(Group B). Levels of alanine aminotransferase(ALT), urea nitrogen(BUN), creatine kinase(CK)and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)of the injured limb were compared between the two groups during traction. Additionally, the fasciotomy rate, time of damage control treatment(observation interval from trauma to stage II definitive surgery), time of stage II definitive surgery, internal fixation modalities of stage II definitive surgery, rate of needle tract infection and rate of non-planned secondary surgery were compared between the two groups. The limb function was assessed using Johner-Wruhs scoring system at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-22 months[(15.1±2.7)months]. Level of CK in Group A was 315.6(140.0, 531.5)U/L, significantly lower than that in Group B[465.5(277.0, 1240.5)U/L]( P<0.05). The two groups revealed no statistical differences in levels of BUN, CK and LDH( P>0.05). The fasciotomy rate in Group A[40%(12/30)]was higher than that in Group B[34%(11/32)], but the difference was statistically insignificant( P>0.05). The time of stage II definitive surgery in Group A was(68.5±17.1)minutes, significantly lower than that in Group B[(89.0±15.1)minutes]( P<0.05). The rate of non-planned secondary surgery in Group A[3%(1/30)]was lower than that in Group B[25%(8/32)]( P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in time of damage control treatment, internal fixation modalities of stage II definitive surgery and rate of needle infection between the two groups( P>0.05). According to Johner-Wruhs scoring system, the function in Group A were excellent in 17 patients, good in 5, fair in 2 and poor in 6 at the last follow-up, with the excellent rate of 73%. However, the difference was not statistically significant when compared to Group B: excellent in 13 patients, good in 3, fair in 7 and poor in 9, with the excellent rate of 50%( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with calcaneal tuberosity traction, the distracting external fixation of tibiofibular fractures combined with osteofascial compartment syndrome can attenuate soft tissue damage during the traction and shorten the time of stage II definitive surgery by maintaining intraoperative fracture reduction.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 475-478, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of human brucellosis in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture (Enshi Prefecture) of Hubei Province, and to provide a basis for prevention and control of local brucellosis.Methods:Using descriptive epidemiological methods, the data of reported cases of brucellosis in Enshi Prefecture from 2012 to 2019 (from the "Enshi Infectious Disease Reporting Information Management System" and the medical record system of hospitals in counties and cities within the jurisdiction of Enshi Prefecture) were collected, and the three distributions (population, time, region distributions) and clinical manifestations of human brucellosis cases were statistically described and analyzed.Results:A total of 78 brucellosis cases were reported in Enshi Prefecture from 2012 to 2019, with an average annual incidence rate of 0.193 5/100 000. Among the 78 cases of brucellosis reported, the sex ratio of men to women was 2.12∶1.00 (53∶25); the age of onset was mainly from 30 to 59 years old, accounting for 75.64% (59/78); the occupation was mainly farmer, accounting for 88.46% (69/78); the main contact animal was sheep, accounting for 80.77% (63/78). There were reported cases of brucellosis throughout the year, and the main onset months were May, June, September, November, and December, accounting for 55.13% (43/78) of the total number. From 2012 to 2019, all counties and cities in Enshi Prefecture except Xianfeng County and Hefeng County had reported cases. Among them, Lichuan City had the most cases, with 55 cases (70.51%). The main clinical manifestations of reported cases of brucellosis were fever, fatigue, hyperhidrosis, and muscle and joint pain, which accounted for 98.72% (77 cases), 89.74% (70 cases), 79.49% (62 cases), and 69.23% (54 cases), respectively.Conclusions:The majority of patients with brucellosis in Enshi Prefecture are young and middle-aged male farmers, with the highest incidence in Lichuan City. Relevant departments should increase the propaganda of brucellosis, increase the people's awareness of disease prevention, and strengthen the prevention and control measures of high-risk groups and regions to reduce the incidence of brucellosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905948

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a new type of cell death caused by abnormal accumulation of iron-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) and imbalance of redox with the participation of iron ions. In recent years, studies have found that ferroptosis is associated with various diseases and can especially regulate the development of tumors. Chinese medicine has unique advantages in tumor prevention and treatment. How to use ferroptosis theory to guide the prevention and treatment of cancer and other tumor diseases by Chinese medicine is a new research hotspot. This paper summarizes the proposal, action mechanism, and signaling pathway of ferroptosis, its application in tumor therapy, and the research on the activity of Chinese medicine based on ferroptosis. Results found that the occurrence of ferroptosis is related to iron metabolism, lipid ROS metabolism, and other signaling pathways and gene expressions. Ferroptosis can regulate tumor initiation and development, treatment, and tumor immunity, which provides strategies for tumor treatment and anti-tumor drug development. By analyzing the biological activity of Chinese medicine against ferroptosis, we found that Chinese medicines (Scutellariae Radix, Puerariae Lobatae Radix, Astragali Radix, Ginkgo, Epimedii Folium, Artemisiae Annuae Herba, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma), Chinese herbal compounds ( Naotaifang, Si Junzitang, and Shenmai injection), and Chinese medicine effective components (baicalein, dihydroartemisinin, puerarin, piperlongumine, luteolin, and quercetin) can exert antitumor and other biological activities by regulating ferroptosis. Therefore, Chinese medicine has great potential in preventing and controlling tumors and other diseases by regulating ferroptosis. This paper provides theoretical basis and research ideas for the in-depth study of ferroptosis theory and guides the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases by Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of cardiac rehabilitation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in rural areas. Methods:A total of 2264 patients after PCI in our hospital from January, 2016 to December, 2019 were selected. The awareness rate of patients on cardiac rehabilitation knowledge was investigated through WeChat, telephone and questionnaire. Patients were divided into rehabilitation group (n = 326) and non-rehabilitation group (n = 1809) according to whether they participated in cardiac rehabilitation. Results:There were 2135 valid questionnaires. The awareness rate of cardiac rehabilitation in PCI patients with coronary heart disease in rural areas was 44.9%, the participation rate was 15.2%, and the participation rate of outpatient heart rehabilitation was only 0.56%. The scores of the MOS Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were higher in the rehabilitation group than in the non-rehabilitation group (t > 4.65, P < 0.05). Conclusion:In rural areas, the knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation is poor for patients after PCI, the participation rate is low, the control rate of risk factors is low, and most patients do not return to farm work. It is important to take a way to improve the awareness and participation of cardiac rehabilitation for patients after PCI, to ensure the exact control of cardiovascular risk factors of patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of strength training of hip muscles on functional ankle instability (FAI), and be evaluated with surface electromyography (sEMG). Methods:From January, 2019 to June, 2020, 60 FAI patients were recruited in Qingdao Municipal Hospital. They were divided into control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 30) randomly. The control group received conventional therapy, including ankle joint mobilization training, strength training and balance training for six weeks, while the observation group received strength training of hip muscles in addition. Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and sEMG were used to assess the function before and after intervention, and integrated electromyography (iEMG) was measured with sEMG. The correlation of CAIT and SEBT to iEMG was analyzed with Pearson coefficient. Results:No one dropped out. Before intervention, there was no significant difference between CAIT, SEBT and iEMG between two groups (P > 0.05). CAIT and SEBT improved significantly in both groups (t > 3.657, P < 0.001) after six-week intervention; the iEMG increased significantly in the observation group (t > 22.038, P < 0.001), while no significance was found in the control group (t < 1.916, P > 0.05); all the indexes were better in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.125, P < 0.05). iEMG of gluteus medius and gluteus maximum correlated to CAIT and SEBT in the observation group (r = 0.712 to 0.866, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The strength training of the hip muscles could improve the ankle function of FAI patients. iEMG of gluteus medius and gluteus maximum could be a valid measure to assess the effect of strength training on FAI.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 132-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837731

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the diagnostic value of Keratograph 5M for the diagnosis of dry eye(dry eye)tear film grading. <p>METHODS: Totally 100 eyes diagnosed with dry eye by conventional means and 40 non-dry eye eyes with suspected dry eye at the same time were enrolled through OPC. The immediate ocular surface parameters of the above cases were collected by the K5M ocular surface analyzer, including the first tear film rupture time(NIBUTf), the average tear film rupture time(NIBUTav), and the tear river height(TMH)which were utilized to evaluated the diagnostic efficacy of K5M compared to routine ocular surface examination on the index of dry eye tear film. <p>RESULTS: The comparison of NIBUTf, NIBUTav and TMH between dry eye group and non-dry eye group by K5M eye surface comprehensive analyzer showed statistically significant differences(all <i>P</i><0.05). The coincidence rate between the NIBUTf of K5M ocular surface analyzer and the BUT of routine diagnosis was 78.6%, and the area under the ROC curve as well as the standard error were 0.042 and 0.795(<i>P</i><0.01)with 95% confidence interval(0.712, 0.878); The coincidence rate between NIBUTav of K5M and BUT of routine examination diagnosis was 73.6%, and the area under the ROC curve as well as the standard error were 0.853 and 0.033(<i>P</i><0.01), with 95% confidence interval(0.788, 0.917).The coincidence rate between TMH of K5M and the SⅠt of conventional diagnosis was 87.9%, and the area under the ROC curve as well as the standard error were 0.795 and 0.044(<i>P</i><0.01), with the 95% confidence interval(0.709, 0.880). The sensitivity, specificity, correctness index, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and odds ratio of the exploratory diagnosis of dry eye by NIBUTf combined with TMH were 98, 40, 38, 1.63, 0.05, and 32.6%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, correctness index, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and odds ratio of the exploratory diagnosis of dry eye by NIBUTav combined with TMH were 86, 75, 61, 3.44, 0.187, 18.39%, respectively.<p>CONCLUSION: K5M ocular surface analyzer can provide accurate and reliable diagnostic value for single tear film index grading diagnosis of dry eye; compared with TMH combined with NIBUTav, TMH combined with NIBUTf was more sensitive but less specific in diagnosing dry eye.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879268

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a revolutionizing human-computer Interaction, which is developing towards the direction of intelligent brain-computer interaction and brain-computer intelligent integration. However, the practical application of BCI is facing great challenges. The maturity of BCI technology has not yet reached the needs of users. The traditional design method of BCI needs to be improved. It is necessary to pay attention to BCI human factors engineering, which plays an important role in narrowing the gap between research and practical application, but it has not attracted enough attention and has not been specifically discussed in depth. Aiming at BCI human factors engineering, this article expounds the design requirements (from users), design ideas, objectives and methods, as well as evaluation indexes of BCI with the human-centred-design. BCI human factors engineering is expected to make BCI system design under different use conditions more in line with human characteristics, abilities and needs, improve the user satisfaction of BCI system, enhance the user experience of BCI system, improve the intelligence of BCI, and make BCI move towards practical application.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Ergonomics , Humans , User-Computer Interface
14.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 763-769, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903175

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The connectivity alterations in the putamen were found in revealing the neural correlates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but whether the effective connectivity of the putamen is atypical in ADHD remains unclear. Investigating this abnormality contributes to describing the neural circuit of ADHD at the level of macrostructural organization. @*Methods@#Data were acquired from thirty-two boys with ADHD and fifty-two matched typically developing controls (TDC) from Peking University (Peking) dataset deposited at the Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resources Clearinghouse (NITRC) platform. We examined the effective connectivity of the putamen using Granger causality analysis (GCA) and then determined whether these connections could differentiate ADHD from TDC. @*Results@#Compared with TDC, the ADHD group showed decreased effective connectivity from the left ventral rostral putamen (VRP) to left calcarine (CAL), right medial part of the superior frontal gyrus, left orbital part of superior frontal gyrus and left middle occipital gyrus (MOG). Increased effective connectivity from the left inferior occipital gyrus and right lingual gyrus to left VRP was also found in ADHD. The result of the classification accuracy showed that 72.3% of participants were correctly classified using support vector machine. Moreover, GCA values from the left VRP to left CAL and left MOG were significantly correlated with hyper/impulsive scores of patients with ADHD. @*Conclusion@#The findings may help extend our understanding of the ADHD-related neural loops.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888199

ABSTRACT

Motor imagery (MI) is an important paradigm of driving brain computer interface (BCI). However, MI is not easy to control or acquire, and the performance of MI-BCI depends heavily on the performance of the subjects' MI. Therefore, the correct execution of MI mental activities, ability evaluation and improvement methods play important and even critical roles in the improvement and application of MI-BCI system's performance. However, in the research and development of MI-BCI, the existing researches mainly focus on the decoding algorithm of MI, but do not pay enough attention to the above three aspects of MI mental activities. In this paper, these problems of MI-BCI are discussed in detail, and it is pointed out that the subjects tend to use visual motor imagery as kinesthetic motor imagery. In the future, we need to develop some objective, quantitatively visualized MI ability evaluation methods, and develop some effective and less time-consumption training methods to improve MI ability. It is also necessary to solve the differences and commonness of MI problems between and within individuals and MI-BCI illiteracy to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Humans , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888024

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) B lymphocytes,inflammatory mediators,FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,in order to explore the mechanism of Xinfeng Capsules in improving clinical symptoms of RA.Joint and systemic symptoms of RA patients were observed,and laboratory indicators[hemoglobin (HGB),platelet count (PLT),erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR),immunoglobulin (Ig) G,Ig A,Ig M,rheumatoid factor (RF),anti-cyclic citrulline antibody (CCP-AB),C-reactive protein (CRP)]were detected.ELISA was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-1β,IL-10,IL-33,chemokine 5 (CCL5),and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).CD3~-CD19~+B cells were measured by flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K protein.The results showed that Xinfeng Capsules could significantly alleviate RA joint and systemic symptoms and improve clinical efficacy.And Xinfeng Capsules could increase HGB,decrease PLT,CCP-AB,CRP,ESR index,upregulate IL-10 expression,and down-regulate IL-1β,IL-33,CCL5,VEGF,CD3~-CD19~+B cells,FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K expressions (P<0.01).Based on the above results,Xinfeng Capsules may reduce the expression of CD3~-CD19~+,regulate the balance of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines,inhibit abnormal activation of FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,and improve clinical symptoms of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , B-Lymphocytes , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887937

ABSTRACT

Danggui Buxue Decoction is a classic prescription of Qi and blood tonification, which is mainly applied in treating fatigue, internal damage Qi weakness, blood deficiency, and outward going of floating Yang. Modern pharmacology shows that it can promote hematopoiesis, regulate immunity, and protect heart and cerebral vessels. The prescription, often used for the treatment of anemia and other diseases in clinic, is composed of Astragali Radix and Angelicae Sinensis Radix at a dosage ratio of 5∶1. It is a modern compound prescription for invigorating Qi and generating blood. Based on the review of the chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, and clinical applications of Danggui Buxue Decoction, its Q-marker was predicted and analyzed according to the "five principles" of Chinese medicine Q-marker--quality transmissibility and traceability, ingredient specificity, component validity, component measurabi-lity, and formula compatibility environment. The results suggested that calycosin, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, ononin, astragaloside A, ferulic acid, and ligustilide could be used as Q-markers of Danggui Buxue Decoction, which provides reference for establishing the quality system of Danggui Buxue Decoction.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Plant Roots
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the treatment effects of periodontal endoscope-assisted and traditional subgingival scaling on residual pockets.@*METHODS@#A total of 13 patients with periodontitis from Dept. of Periodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University were recruited. After 4-6 weeks of initial treatment, the residual pockets with a probing depth (PD) of ≥4 mm and attachment loss (AL) of ≥4 mm and bleeding on probing were examined with traditional (control group) and periodontal endoscope-assisted subgingival scaling (endoscopy group) in a randomly controlled split-mouth design. At baseline and 6 weeks and 3 months after treatment, plaque index (PLI), PD, AL, and bleeding index (BI) were measured. Differences in these clinical parameters within and between groups and patient-reported outcomes were compared.@*RESULTS@#A total of the 694 sites of 251 teeth were included in this trial. Both groups showed significant improvement in each periodontal parameters 6 weeks and 3 months after treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periodontal endoscope-assisted subgingival scaling resulted in better effects than traditional subgingival scaling when the residual pockets were in a single-rooted tooth, with a PD of ≥5 mm but without vertical alveolar bone resorption and furcation involvement.


Subject(s)
Dental Plaque Index , Dental Scaling , Endoscopes , Humans , Periodontitis/therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886765

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and changing trend of Enterobius vermicularis infections among children in Shandong Province, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the adjustment and development of the enterobiasis control strategy. Methods Soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites were assigned in 51 counties (districts, cities) in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the E. vermicularis infections were detected using a modified Kato-Katz technique and the cellophane tape method among children at ages of 3 to 9 years living in these surveillance sites. The epidemiological profiles of E. vermicularis-infected children were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 5 060 children at ages of 3 to 9 years were detected in 51 soil-borne nematodiasis surveillance sites in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, and the overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 2.23%. The annual prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 3.99% (26/651), 1.70% (14/824), 0.96% (8/837), 2.90% (45/1 552) and 1.67% (20/1 196) from 2016 to 2020, respectively, with a significant difference detected among years ( χ2 = 21.455, P < 0.01). The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections was 1.25% (15/1 198), 1.85% (14/755), 3.18% (84/2 640) and 0 (0/467) among children from central, eastern, southern and northern Shandong Province (χ2 = 27.326, P < 0.01). In addition, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of E. vermicularis infections between male (1.98%, 56/2 831) and female children (2.56%, 57/2 229) (χ2 = 1.916, P > 0.05); however, there was age-specific prevalence of E. vermicularis infections among children (χ2 = 16.448, P < 0.05), with the greatest prevalence detected among children at ages of 6 years (3.18%, 25/786), and the lowest prevalence seen among children at ages of 3 years (0.75%, 6/800). Conclusions The prevalence of E. vermicularis infections remained at a medium level among children at ages of 3 to 9 years in Shandong Province from 2016 to 2020, with region-specific prevalence found across the province. An integrated strategy is required for enterobiasis control.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of miR-133b on the apoptosis and radiosensitivity of colon cancer cell line (SW620 cells), and to explore its mechanism.Methods:SW620 cells were transfected with miR-con (miR-con group), miR-133b mimics (miR-133b group), si-con (si-con group) and si-HER-2(si-HER-2 group) by the liposome method, and then irradiated with 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy. The miR-133b protein expression, HER-2 protein expression, apoptosis, cell survival fraction and cytofluoroactivity in each group were evaluated by qRT-PCR, Western blot, flow cytometry, colony formation assay and dual luciferase reporter gene assay, respectively.Results:Compared with the pre-irradiation group, the expression level of miR-133b was significantly down-regulated ( P<0.05), whereas that of HER-2 was significantly up-regulated in SW620 cells after irradiation ( P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-133b and knockdown of HER-2 remarkably reduced the survival fraction (both P<0.05), and significantly promoted the apoptosis of SW620 cells ( P<0.05). miR-133b could considerably inhibit the fluorescent activity of wild-type HER-2 cells ( P<0.05) and negatively regulate the expression of HER-2 protein. Conclusion:miR-133b can inhibit the survival of colon cancer cells, promote the apoptosis and enhance the sensitivity of radiotherapy probably via the mechanism of targeting HER-2.

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