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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 88-94, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Vitamin K antagonists (VKA) are indicated for the prevention of thromboembolic events and reduction of mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation and patients with valvular prostheses. However, their use is associated with bleeding complications and hospitalizations. Predictors of hospital admission for bleeding in these patients are poorly known. Objectives To define the predictors for hospitalization of VKA users who seek emergency care due to bleeding. Methods Single-center, cross-sectional study, with retrospective analysis of electronic medical records from 03/01/2012 to 02/27/2017. Clinical and laboratory variables were compared between patients who were hospitalized and those who were not. A logistic regression model as used, in which the variables were included using the Backward stepwise method, with a p value of 0.05 as the input criterion, a removal value of 0.20 and a confidence interval of 95%. The p-value was considered statistically significant when <0.05. Results A total of 510 patients with bleeding were included, of whom 158 were hospitalized. Predictors of hospitalization were: INR at supratherapeutic levels (OR 3.45; P <0.01; 95% CI 1.58 - 7.51), gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 2.36; P <0.01; CI 95% 1.24 - 4.50), drop in hemoglobin (OR 6.93; P <0.01; 95% CI 3.67 - 13.07), heart failure (OR 1.96; P 0.01; 95% CI 1.16 - 3.30) and need for blood transfusion (OR 8.03; P <0.01; 95% CI 2.98 - 21.64). Conclusion Drop in hemoglobin, heart failure, INR at supratherapeutic levels, gastrointestinal bleeding and need for blood transfusion were associated with hospitalization. Identification of these factors in the initial evaluation would help to define which patients will demand more intensive care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin K/antagonists & inhibitors , Warfarin , Hemorrhage , Hospitalization , Platelet Aggregation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital
2.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 91-99, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359635

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a cyanotic congenital heart disease that has an incidence of sudden cardiac death of 0.2% per year, being arrhythmias the main cause of its occurrence. Objective: To compare characteristics of TOF patients referred for electrophysiological study (EPS) against those that were not (No-EPS). Method: Retrospective cohort with 215 patients (57.2% men; age = 29 ± 4) with corrected TOF (median of three years, ranging from 0.33 to 51) that underwent EPS between 2009-2020. The primary outcome was composed of death, implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) requirement and hospitalization. Results: Pre-syncope (EPS = 4.7%, No-EPS = 0%; p = 0.004), syncope (EPS = 7.1%, No-EPS = 1.7%; p = 0.056) and palpitations (EPS = 31%, No-EPS = 5.8%; p < 0.001) were symptoms that justified electrophysiological investigation. ICD was implanted in 24% of EPS and 0.6% of No-EPS (p=0.001). Twenty-six percent of the EPS group presented non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, while 0% in No-EPS (p = 0.012). The EPS group had more atrial fibrillation or atrial Flutter (35.7% vs. 6.9%; p < 0.001). The EPS patients had a wider QRS duration than the no-EPS group (171.12 ± 29.52 ms vs. 147 ± 29.77 ms; p < 0.001). Also, 26.2% of EPS performed ablation to correct macroreentrant atrial tachycardias. The incidence of primary outcome (death + ICD requirement + hospitalization) was higher in patients in the EPS group compared to the No-EPS group (p = 0.001). However, the total of seven deaths occurred during the clinical follow-up, but without differences between the groups (EPS = 4.7% vs. No-EPS = 2.8%; p = 0.480). Conclusion: EPS group had a profile of greater risk, more complex heart disease, and a greater occurrence of the primary outcome when compared to the No-EPS group.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Tetralogy of Fallot , Cardiac Electrophysiology
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(5): 488-494, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134403

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background In the investigation of cardiac rhythm disorders, a normal electrophysiological (EPS) study is associated with a favorable prognosis. One of the normality criteria is established by conduction intervals within expected range. Objective To establish reference values in EPS for the intracavitary conduction intervals (PA, AH and HV) in a Brazilian population. Methods A retrospective cohort study of the first 1,500 patients submitted to EPS ablation was performed at Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The EPS was considered normal if the test was performed for diagnostic purpose; absence of induced arrhythmias; and conduction intervals within the expected range. The REDCap software was used for data collection and management, and the SPSS Statistics 22.0 used for data analysis. Continuous variables were compared with Student's t-test for independent samples and categorical variables with the chi-square test (X 2 ). Values of p ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. Results A total of 124 (8.3%) with EPS considered normal were included; mean age was 52 ± 21 years, and 63 were male. The mean values in milliseconds of PA, AH and HV were 23 ± 9, 88 ± 25 and 44 ± 7, respectively. The PA, AH, and HV percentile ranges were 13 - 25, 81-107 and 40 - 52, respectively. When the patients were divided into three age groups (1 to 18 years, 19 to 64 years and 65 or more), we observed that the group of older patients had significantly higher values of PA, AH and HV compared with younger patients. Conclusion This study showed that intracavitary conduction intervals in a sample of the Brazilian population were similar to previously published studies. Elderly patients tend to have higher values of intracavitary conduction intervals in EPS. Future studies including broader age ranges could enable the acquisition of more reliable and reproducible reference values. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

4.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(2): 158-166, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090657

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery has great clinical and economic implications. Many attempts have been made to identify risk factors aiming at a better evaluation of prophylactic treatment strategies. Objective: To perform an internal validation of a risk score for POAF. Methods: A prospective cohort of 1,054 patients who underwent myocardial revascularization and/or valve surgery was included. The risk score model was developed in 448 patients, and its performance was tested in the remaining 606 patients. Variables with a significance level of 5% in the cohort were included and subjected to a multiple logistic regression model with backward selection. Performance statistics was performed using the c-statistic, the chi-square and the Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) goodness-of-fit, Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: Four variables were considered predictors of outcome: age (≥ 70 years), mitral valve disease, the non-use or discontinuation of beta-blockers and a positive water balance (> 1,500 mL). The ROC curve was 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.72-0.79). The risk model showed a good ability according to the performance statistics - HL test x(2) = 0.93; p = 0.983 and r = 0.99 (Pearson's coefficient). There was an increase in the frequency of POAF with the increase of the score: very low risk = 0.0%; low risk = 3.9%; intermediate risk = 10.9%; and high risk = 60.0%; p < 0.0001. Conclusion: The predictive variables of POAF allowed us to construct a simplified risk score. This scoring system showed good accuracy and can be used in routine clinical practice.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 206-210, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101476

ABSTRACT

Abstract Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery remarkably remains the most prevalent event in perioperative cardiac surgery, having great clinical and economic implications. The purpose of this study is to present recommendations based on international evidence and adapted to our clinical practice for the perioperative management of POAF. This update is based on the latest current literature derived from articles and guidelines regarding atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Period , Risk Factors
6.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 35(1): 231-248, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156860

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La ablación de la fibrilación auricular mediante el aislamiento de las venas pulmonares, es una estrategia ampliamente utilizada en la actualidad. La recurrencia posablación es un problema frecuente. Se han investigado varios predictores de recurrencia con el fin de optimizar la elección del paciente que más se beneficia del procedimiento. Actualmente la evidencia es controvertida, siendo necesarios más estudios al respecto.


Summary: The ablation of atrial fibrillation based on pulmonary veins isolation, is a widely used strategy nowadays. Post ablation recurrence is a frequent problem. Several recurrence predictors have been researched, with the purpose of choosing the patient that would benefit the most from this procedure. Current evidence is controversial and more research is needed.

7.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 384-390, July-Aug. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012352

ABSTRACT

The relationship between exercise and atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. Objectives: To analyze the effects of physical activity on the incidence of atrial fibrillation using systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that relate physical exercise and atrial fibrillation. The following databases were searched: PubMed, BVS Saúde and Cochrane. The following descriptors were used: "atrial fibrillation", "exercise", "physical activity" and "exercise therapy". All prospective, retrospective, cross-sectional and cohort studies were investigated. All statistical analyzes were provided using Review Manager 5.3 to provide the mean difference (MD) and relative risk (RR) ratio with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). The statistical method of heterogeneity index was used to assess heterogeneity. Level of significance was 5%. Results: Combined analysis of 11 studies totaling 276,323 participants aged between 12 and 90 years did not suggest a significant increase in AF in individuals submitted to physical exercise (RR = 0.914, 95% CI = 0.833-1.003, heterogeneity: p < 0.001). Conclusions: Physical exercise, lato sensu, without stratification by intensity, sex or age does not seem to be associated with an increase of atrial fibrillation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Atrial Fibrillation , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Motor Activity , Asthma , Cardiovascular Diseases , Exercise , Risk Factors , Exercise Therapy , Cardiorespiratory Fitness
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 491-498, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011193

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The use of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIED), such as the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT), is increasing. The number of leads may vary according to the device. Lead placement in the left ventricle increases surgical time and may be associated with greater morbidity after hospital discharge, an event that is often confused with the underlying disease severity. Objective: To evaluate the rate of unscheduled emergency hospitalizations and death after implantable device surgery stratified by the type of device. Methods: Prospective cohort study of 199 patients submitted to cardiac device implantation. The groups were stratified according to the type of device: ICD group (n = 124) and CRT group (n = 75). Probability estimates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method according to the outcome. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant in the statistical analyses. Results: Most of the sample comprised male patients (71.9%), with a mean age of 61.1 ± 14.2. Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar between the groups (CRT 37.4 ± 18.1 vs. ICD 39.1 ± 17.0, p = 0.532). The rate of unscheduled visits to the emergency unit related to the device was 4.8% in the ICD group and 10.6% in the CRT group (p = 0.20). The probability of device-related survival of the variable "death" was different between the groups (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Patients after CRT implantation show a higher probability of mortality after surgery at a follow-up of less than 1 year. The rate of unscheduled hospital visits, related or not to the implant, does not differ between the groups.


Resumo Fundamento: O uso de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis (DCEI) como o cardiodesfibrilador (CDI) e terapia de ressincronização cardíaca (TRC) - é cada vez maior. O número de eletrodos de estimulação e desfibrilação varia de acordo com o dispositivo. A colocação do eletrodo no ventrículo esquerdo aumenta o tempo cirúrgico podendo associar-se a maior morbidade no acompanhamento após alta hospitalar, evento muitas vezes confundível com a gravidade da patologia base. Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de internação não programada na emergência e óbito após cirurgia de dispositivos implantáveis estratificados pelo tipo de aparelho. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo analisando 199 pacientes submetidos à implante de dispositivos cardíacos. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tipo de dispositivo: CDI (n = 124) e TRC (n = 75). Estimativas de probabilidades foram analisadas pelo método de Kaplan-Meier de acordo com o desfecho. Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: A maioria da amostra era do sexo masculino (71,9%) - idade média de 61,1 ± 14,2. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foi similar entre os grupos (TRC 37,4 ± 18,1 vs. CDI 39,1 ± 17,0; p = 0,532). A taxa de visita não programada na emergência relacionada ao dispositivo foi de 4,8% no grupo CDI e de 10,6% no grupo TRC (p = 0,20). A probabilidade de sobrevida relacionada ao dispositivo da variável "óbito" mostrou-se diferente entre os grupos (p = 0,008). Conclusões: Paciente após o implante de TRC apresenta maior probabilidade de mortalidade após o procedimento cirúrgico no seguimento menor que 1 ano. A taxa de visita hospitalar não programada, relacionadas ou não ao implante, não difere entre os grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Defibrillators, Implantable/statistics & numerical data , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable/adverse effects , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices/adverse effects
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 402-407, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001282

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Studies have shown the benefits of rapid reperfusion therapy in acute myocardial infarction. However, there are still delays during transport of patients to primary angioplasty. Objective: To evaluate whether there is a difference in total ischemic time between patients transferred from other hospitals compared to self-referred patients in our institution. Methods: Historical cohort study including patients with acute myocardial infarction treated between April 2014 and September 2015. Patients were divided into transferred patients (group A) and self-referred patients (group B). Clinical characteristics of the patients were obtained from our electronic database and the transfer time was estimated based on the time the e-mail requesting patient's transference was received by the emergency department. Results: The sample included 621 patients, 215 in group A and 406 in group B. Population characteristics were similar in both groups. Time from symptom onset to arrival at the emergency department was significantly longer in group A (385 minutes vs. 307 minutes for group B, p < 0.001) with a transfer delay of 147 minutes. There was a significant relationship between the travel distance and increased transport time (R = 0.55, p < 0.001). However, no difference in mortality was found between the groups. Conclusion: In patients transferred from other cities for treatment of infarction, transfer time was longer than that recommended, especially in longer travel distances.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos mostram o benefício da terapia de reperfusão rápida no infarto agudo do miocárdio. No entanto, ainda ocorrem atrasos durante o transporte de pacientes para angioplastia primária. Objetivo: Definir se existe uma diferença no tempo total de isquemia entre pacientes transferidos de outro hospital comparados aos que procuram o serviço espontaneamente. Método: Estudo de coorte histórico, incluindo pacientes atendidos com infarto entre abril de 2014 e setembro de 2015. Os pacientes foram divididos em pacientes transferidos (grupo A) e por demanda espontânea (grupo B). As características clínicas dos pacientes foram retiradas do banco de dados de infarto e o tempo de transferência foi estimado tendo como base o correio eletrônico de acordo com o horário de contato. O nível de significância adotado foi um p < 0,05%. Resultados: A amostra incluiu 621 pacientes, 215 no grupo A e 406 no grupo B. As características populacionais foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. O delta T foi significativamente maior no grupo de pacientes transferidos (385 minutos vs. 307 minutos para o grupo B, p < 0,001) com um atraso decorrente do transporte de 147 minutos. Houve relação significativa da distância de transferência e aumento do tempo de transporte (R = 0,55; p < 0,001). Entretanto, não houve diferença na mortalidade entre os grupos. Conclusão: Pacientes transferidos de outras cidades para tratamento de infarto tem Delta T de transferência acima do recomendado, com tempo ainda mais longo quanto maior a distância a ser percorrida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Patient Transfer/statistics & numerical data , Angioplasty/methods , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Time Factors , Brazil , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Angioplasty/mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Geography
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(1): 13-18, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950184

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Brugada syndrome (SBr) is an arrhythmic condition characterized by ST-T segment abnormalities in the right precordial leads associated with a high risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Local data regarding the clinical characteristics of patients with a typical electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern undergoing electrophysiological study are scarce. Objective: To evaluate patients with an ECG pattern suggestive of SBr referred for electrophysiological evaluation in a specialized center. Methods: Cohort study of patients referred for electrophysiological study because of an ECG pattern compatible with SBr between January 1998 and March 2017. Results: Of the 5506 procedures, 35 (0.64%) were for SBr investigation, 25 of which (71.42%) were performed in men. The mean age was 43.89 ± 13.1 years. The ECG patterns were as follows: type I, 22 (62.85%); type II, 12 (34.30%); and type III, 1 (2.85%). Twenty-three patients (65.7%) were asymptomatic, 6 (17.14%) had palpitations, 5 (14.3%) had syncope, and 3 (8.6%) had a family history of sudden death. Electrophysiological study induced ventricular tachyarrhythmias in 16 cases (45.7%), the mean ventricular refractory period being 228 ± 36 ms. Ajmaline / procainamide was used in 11 cases (31.4%), changing the ECG pattern to type I in 7 (63.6%). Sixteen cases (45.7%) received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). In a mean 5-year follow-up, 1 of the 16 patients (6.25%) with ICD had appropriate therapy for ventricular fibrillation. There was no death. Other arrhythmias occurred in 4 (11.4%) cases. Conclusions: Most patients are men, and a type I ECG pattern is the main indication for electrophysiological study. Class IA drugs have a high ECG conversion rate. The ICD event rate was 6%. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2018; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Resumo Fundamento: Síndrome de Brugada (SBr) é uma condição arrítmica definida por anormalidades do segmento ST-T em derivações V1-V3 associada a risco elevado de arritmias ventriculares e morte súbita. Dados locais quanto às características clínicas dos pacientes com padrão eletrocardiográfico (ECG) típico avaliados por estudo eletrofisiológico (EEF) são escassos. Objetivo: Avaliar pacientes com padrão ECG sugestivo de SBr encaminhados para EEF em um centro especializado. Métodos: Estudo de coorte de casos encaminhados para EEF por padrão ECG compatível com SBr, entre janeiro de 1998 e março de 2017. Resultados: Dos 5506 procedimentos, 35 (0,64%) foram para investigação de SBr. Vinte e cinco (71,42%) eram homens. Idade média 43,89 ± 13,1 anos. Apresentação ECG foi tipo I em 22 casos (62,85%), tipo II em 12 (34,30%) e tipo III em 1 (2,85%). Vinte e três (65,7%) eram assintomáticos, 6 (17,14%) apresentavam palpitações, 5 (14,3%) síncope, 3 (8,6%) história familiar de morte súbita. Estudo eletrofisiológico induziu taquiarritmias ventriculares em 16 casos (45,7%), sendo o período refratário ventricular médio de 228 ± 36 ms. Utilizou-se ajmalina/procainamida em 11 casos (31,4%), sendo o padrão ECG transformado em tipo I em 7 (63,6%). Dezesseis casos (45,7%) receberam cardiodes fibrilador (CDI). Em seguimento médio de 5 anos, 1 dos 16 pacientes (6,25%) com CDI teve terapia apropriada para fibrilação ventricular. Nenhuma morte foi registrada. Outras arritmias ocorreram em 4 (11,4%) casos. Conclusões: Homens são maioria, sendo o padrão ECG tipo I a principal indicação de EEF. Droga classe IA possui alta taxa de conversão do padrão ECG. A taxa de eventos no CDI foi de 6%. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2018; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Registries/statistics & numerical data , Defibrillators, Implantable , Brugada Syndrome/surgery , Time Factors , Cohort Studies , Tachycardia, Ventricular/etiology , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiology , Brugada Syndrome/complications , Brugada Syndrome/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
11.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-913926

ABSTRACT

A fibrilação atrial é a arritmia mais frequentemente encontrada após cirurgia cardíaca. Embora geralmente autolimitada, representa um importante preditor de aumento de morbimortalidade e de custos aos sistemas de saúde. Numerosos estudos tentaram determinar os mecanismos associados à fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório com resultados variados. Uma fisiopatologia multifatorial é sugerida, sendo o processo inflamatório e a ativação simpática adrenérgica do período pós-operatório reconhecidos como importantes fatores de contribuição. O tratamento é dificultado pela escassez de dados relativos aos resultados de diferentes intervenções terapêuticas nessa população. Este artigo analisa a literatura cujo foco sejam as intervenções para prevenir a fibrilação atrial no pós-operatório


Atrial fibrillation is the most commonly found arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. Although usually self-limiting, it represents an important predictor of increased patient morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Numerous studies have attempted to determine the underlying mechanisms of postoperative atrial fibrillation with different results. A multifactorial pathophysiology is suggested, with inflammation and postoperative adrenergic activation recognized as important contributing factors. The management is complicated by a lack of data on the outcomes of different therapeutic interventions in this population. This article reviews the literature focusing on interventions to prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Disease Prevention , Postoperative Period , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Oxidative Stress , Risk Factors , Sotalol/therapeutic use
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(2): 151-156, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888014

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The uninterrupted use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for electrophysiology procedures has been more and more recommended. The clinical practice in our service recommends the continuous use of these drugs for atrial flutter ablation. There is little evidence as to the uninterrupted use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in this scenario. Objective: To compare the rates of complications related with the uninterrupted use of different types of oral anticoagulants in patients referred to atrial flutter (AFL) ablation. Methods: Historical, single-center cohort of ablation procedures by AFL conducted from November 2012 to April 2016. The primary outcome was the occurrence of hemorrhagic or embolic complication during the procedure. The secondary outcome was the occurrence of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) in follow-up. The statistical significance level was 5%. Results: There were 288 ablations per AFL; 154 were carried out with the uninterrupted use of OAC (57.8% with VKA and 42.2% with NOAC). Mean age was 57 ± 13 years. The rate of hemorrhagic complication during the procedure was 3% in each group (p = NS). The rate of stroke/TIA was, respectively, of 56/1,000 people-year in the VKA group against zero/1,000 people-year in the NOAC group (p = 0.02). Conclusion: In our population there were no hemorrhagic complications regarding the procedure of OAC use uninterruptedly, including NOACs. There was higher occurrence of stroke/TIA in the follow-up of the group of patients undergoing VKAs; however, this difference may not only be a result of the type of OAC used.


Resumo Fundamento: O uso ininterrupto de anticoagulação oral (ACO) com antagonistas da vitamina K (AVKs) para procedimentos de eletrofisiologia está sendo cada vez mais recomendado. A prática clínica em nosso serviço é de uso continuado dessas drogas para ablação de flutter atrial. Existem poucas evidências quanto ao uso ininterrupto dos anticoagulantes orais não antagonistas da vitamina K (NOACs) nesse cenário. Objetivos: Comparar as taxas de complicações relacionadas ao uso ininterrupto de diferentes tipos de anticoagulantes orais em pacientes referidos para ablação por flutter atrial (FLA). Métodos: Coorte histórica e unicêntrica dos procedimentos de ablação por FLA realizados no período de novembro de 2012 a abril de 2016. O desfecho primário foi o de ocorrência de complicação hemorrágica ou embólica durante o procedimento. O desfecho secundário foi o de ocorrência de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) ou acidente isquêmico transitório (AIT) no acompanhamento. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Foram incluídas 288 ablações por FLA; 154 foram feitas com uso ininterrupto de ACO (57,8% com AVK e 42,2% com NOAC). A idade média foi de 57 ± 13 anos. A taxa de complicação hemorrágica durante o procedimento foi de 3% em cada grupo (p = NS). A taxa de AVC/AIT foi, respectivamente, de 56/1.000-pessoas-ano no grupo AVK contra zero/1.000-pessoas-ano no grupo NOAC (p = 0,02). Conclusão: Em nossa população não ocorreram complicações hemorrágicas relacionadas ao procedimento com uso de ACO de forma ininterrupta, incluindo NOACs. Houve maior ocorrência de AVC/AIT no seguimento no grupo de pacientes em uso de AVK, contudo essa diferença pode não ser decorrente apenas do tipo de ACO em uso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Flutter/complications , Vitamin K/antagonists & inhibitors , Catheter Ablation , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Ischemic Attack, Transient/etiology , Administration, Oral , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Stroke/etiology , Stroke/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Anticoagulants/adverse effects
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(1): 7-15, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atrial fibrillation is responsible for one in four strokes, which may be prevented by oral anticoagulation, an underused therapy around the world. Considering the challenges imposed by this sort of treatment, mobile health support for shared decision-making may improve patients' knowledge and optimize the decisional process. Objective: To develop and evaluate a mobile application to support shared decision about thromboembolic prophylaxis in atrial fibrillation. Methods: We developed an application to be used during the clinical visit, including a video about atrial fibrillation, risk calculators, explanatory graphics and information on the drugs available for treatment. In the pilot phase, 30 patients interacted with the application, which was evaluated qualitatively and by a disease knowledge questionnaire and a decisional conflict scale. Results: The number of correct answers in the questionnaire about the disease was significantly higher after the interaction with the application (from 4.7 ± 1.8 to 7.2 ± 1.0, p < 0.001). The decisional conflict scale, administered after selecting the therapy with the app support, resulted in an average of 11 ± 16/100 points, indicating a low decisional conflict. Conclusions: The use of a mobile application during medical visits on anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation improves disease knowledge, enabling a shared decision with low decisional conflict. Further studies are needed to confirm if this finding can be translated into clinical benefit.


Resumo Fundamento: A fibrilação atrial é causa de um em cada quatro acidentes vasculares cerebrais, que podem ser prevenidos com anticoagulação oral, uma terapia subutilizada globalmente. Considerando os desafios desse tratamento, instrumentos de saúde móvel para suporte à decisão compartilhada podem melhorar o conhecimento do paciente e otimizar o processo decisório. Objetivo: Desenvolver e avaliar um aplicativo móvel para suporte à decisão compartilhada na profilaxia tromboembólica em fibrilação atrial. Métodos: Foi desenvolvido um aplicativo para ser usado durante a consulta médica, contendo um vídeo sobre fibrilação atrial, calculadoras de escores de risco, gráficos explicativos e orientações sobre os fármacos disponíveis para o tratamento. Durante o desenvolvimento, 30 pacientes interagiram com o aplicativo, que foi avaliado qualitativamente e pela aplicação de um questionário de conhecimento sobre a doença e de uma escala de conflito em tomadas de decisão. Resultados: O número de acertos no questionário de conhecimento sobre a doença teve um aumento significativo após a interação com o aplicativo (de 4,7 ± 1,8 para 7,2 ± 1,0, p < 0,001). A escala de conflito em tomadas de decisão, aplicada após a escolha da terapia com o suporte do aplicativo, resultou em uma média de 11 ± 16/100 pontos, indicando baixo conflito decisório. Conclusões: O uso de um aplicativo móvel durante a consulta sobre anticoagulação em fibrilação atrial melhora o conhecimento sobre a doença, permitindo uma escolha compartilhada com baixo conflito decisório. Mais estudos são necessários para verificar se isso se traduz em benefício clínico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Patient Participation , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Decision Support Techniques , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telemedicine/methods , Stroke/etiology , Stroke/prevention & control
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(6): 492-497, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897955

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic stimulation of the right ventricle with pacemaker is associated with ventricular dyssynchrony and loss of contractility, even in subjects without previous dysfunction. In these patients, there is a debate of which pacing site is less associated with loss of ventricular function. Objective: To compare pacemaker-induced dyssynchrony among different pacing sites in right ventricular stimulation. Methods: Cross-sectional study of outpatients with right ventricle stimulation higher than 80% and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. Pacing lead position (apical, medial septum or free wall) was assessed through chest X-rays. Every patient underwent echocardiogram to evaluate for dyssynchrony according to CARE-HF criteria: aortic pre-ejection time, interventricular delay and septum/posterior wall delay on M mode. Results: Forty patients were included. Fifty-two percent had apical electrode position, 42% mid septum and 6% free wall. Mean QRS time 148.97±15.52 milliseconds. A weak correlation between the mean QRS width and pre-aortic ejection time (r=0.32; P=0.04) was found. No difference in QRS width among the positions could be noted. Intraventricular delay was lower in apical patients against mid septal (34.4±17.2 vs. 54.3±19.1 P<0.05) - no difference with those electrode on the free wall. No difference was noted in the pre-aortic ejection time (P=0.9). Conclusion: Apical pacing showed a lower interventricular conduction delay when compared to medial septum site. Our findings suggest that apical pacing dyssynchrony is not ubiquitous, as previously thought, and that it should remain an option for lead placement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ventricular Function, Right , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Electrocardiography , Heart Ventricles , Myocardial Contraction
15.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 28(4): 171-174, out.-dez. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-788754

ABSTRACT

Na taquicardia por reentrada nodal atrioventricular, a necessidade do átrio para a manutenção da taquicardia é controverso. Descrevemos um caso de fibrilação atrial ocorrendo durante taquicardia por reentrada nodal atrioventricular sem afetar o ciclo da arritmia, e discutimos as evidências favorecendo a presença de umavia comum superior.


In Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia the requirement of the atrium for the maintenance oftachycardia is controversial. We describe a case of atrial fibrillation that occurred during Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia without affecting the arrhythmia cycle, and discuss the evidences favoring the presence ofan upper common pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/complications , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/diagnosis , Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry/complications , Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry/diagnosis , Catheters , Heart Atria , Heart Ventricles
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(1): 3-10, July 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755003

ABSTRACT

Introduction:

Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter account for one third of hospitalizations due to arrhythmias, determining great social and economic impacts. In Brazil, data on hospital care of these patients is scarce.

Objective:

To investigate the arrhythmia subtype of atrial fibrillation and flutter patients in the emergency setting and compare the clinical profile, thromboembolic risk and anticoagulants use.

Methods:

Cross-sectional retrospective study, with data collection from medical records of every patient treated for atrial fibrillation and flutter in the emergency department of Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul during the first trimester of 2012.

Results:

We included 407 patients (356 had atrial fibrillation and 51 had flutter). Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were in average 5 years younger than those with persistent atrial fibrillation. Compared to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation patients, those with persistent atrial fibrillation and flutter had larger atrial diameter (48.6 ± 7.2 vs. 47.2 ± 6.2 vs. 42.3 ± 6.4; p < 0.01) and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (66.8 ± 11 vs. 53.9 ± 17 vs. 57.4 ± 16; p < 0.01). The prevalence of stroke and heart failure was higher in persistent atrial fibrillation and flutter patients. Those with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and flutter had higher prevalence of CHADS2 score of zero when compared to those with persistent atrial fibrillation (27.8% vs. 18% vs. 4.9%; p < 0.01). The prevalence of anticoagulation in patients with CHA2DS2-Vasc ≤ 2 was 40%.

Conclusions:

The population in our registry was similar in its comorbidities and demographic profile to those of North American and European registries. Despite the high thromboembolic risk, the use of anticoagulants was low, revealing difficulties for ...


Fundamento:

A fibrilação atrial e o flutter atrial são responsáveis por um terço das hospitalizações por arritmias, com impacto socioeconômico significativo. Os dados brasileiros a respeito desses atendimentos são escassos.

Objetivo:

Investigar o subtipo fibrilação atrial ou flutter em pacientes atendidos em emergência em virtude dessas arritmias e comparar os perfis de comorbidades, risco de eventos tromboembólicos e uso de anticoagulantes.

Métodos:

Estudo transversal retrospectivo, com coleta de dados de prontuário de todos os pacientes atendidos por flutter e fibrilação atrial na emergência do Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul no primeiro trimestre de 2012.

Resultados:

Foram incluídos 407 pacientes (356 com fibrilação atrial e 51 com flutter). Os pacientes com fibrilação atrial paroxística eram, em média, 5 anos mais jovens do que aqueles com fibrilação atrial persistente. Comparados àqueles com fibrilação atrial paroxística, os pacientes com fibrilação atrial persistente e flutter tinham maior diâmetro atrial (48,6 ± 7,2 vs. 47,2 ± 6,2 vs. 42,3 ± 6,4; p < 0,01) e menor fração de ejeção (66,8 ± 11 vs. 53,9 ± 17 vs. 57,4 ± 16; p < 0,01). A prevalência de acidente vascular cerebral e insuficiência cardíaca foi maior naqueles com fibrilação atrial persistente e flutter. Os pacientes com fibrilação atrial paroxística e flutter apresentavam mais frequentemente escore CHADS2 de zero em relação àqueles com fibrilação atrial persistente (27,8% vs. 18% vs. 4,9%; p < 0,01). A prevalência de anticoagulação nos pacientes com escore CHA2DS2-Vasc ≥ 2 foi de 40%.

Conclusão:

A população de nossa amostra teve características demográficas e perfil de comorbidades ...


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Flutter/physiopathology , Age Factors , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrial Flutter/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Epidemiologic Methods , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Stroke/etiology , Stroke/prevention & control , Thromboembolism/etiology , Thromboembolism/prevention & control
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(1): 53-57, 01/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741138

ABSTRACT

Background: Radiofrequency ablation is the standard non-pharmacological treatment for arrhythmias in pediatric patients. However, arrhythmias and their associated causes have particular features in this population. Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and findings of electrophysiological diagnostic studies and radiofrequency ablations in pediatric patients referred to the Electrophysiology Unit at Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, in order to characterize the particularities of this population. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 330 electrophysiological procedures performed in patients aged less than 20 years between June 1997 and August 2013. Results: In total, 330 procedures (9.6% of the overall procedures) were performed in patients aged less than 20 years (14.33 ± 3.25 years, age range 3 months to 19 years), 201 of which were males (60.9%). A total of 108 (32.7%) electrophysiological diagnostic studies were performed and of these, 48.1% showed abnormal findings. Overall, 219 radiofrequency ablations were performed (66.3%) with a success rate of 84.8%. The presence of an accessory pathway was the most prevalent finding, occurring in 158 cases (72.1%), followed by atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (16.8%), typical atrial flutter (3.1%) and extrasystoles originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (2.7%). Three patients developed complications during ablation (1.4%). Among congenital heart diseases, which occurred in 51 (15.4%) patients, atrial sept defect was the most frequent (27.4%), followed by ventricular sept defect (25.4%) and Ebstein's anomaly (17.6%). Conclusion: Electrophysiological study and radiofrequency ablation are effective tools for diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias in the pediatric population. .


Fundamento: A ablação com radiofrequência é o tratamento não farmacológico de eleição para arritmias na população pediátrica. Porém, as arritmias e suas causas apresentam características particulares nesta população. Objetivos: Analisar as características epidemiológicas e os achados de estudo eletrofisiológico diagnóstico e ablação com radiofrequência na população pediátrica encaminhada à Eletrofisiologia do Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, a fim de caracterizar as suas particularidades. Resultados: Foram realizados 330 procedimentos (9,6% do total de procedimentos) em pacientes com idade inferior a 20 anos (14,33 ± 3,25 anos, variação entre 3 meses e 19 anos), dos quais 201 eram do sexo masculino (60,9%). Foram realizados 108 (32,7%) exames eletrofisiológicos diagnósticos e destes, 48,1% apresentaram anormalidades em seus achados. Ao todo, 219 ablações com radiofrequência foram realizadas (66,3%), obtendo-se sucesso em 84,8%. A presença de feixe acessório foi o achado mais prevalente, responsável por 158 casos (72,1%), seguida de taquicardia por reentrada nodal atrioventricular (16,8%), flutter atrial típico (3,1%) e extrassístole de via de saída de ventrículo direito (2,7%). Três pacientes apresentaram complicações durante a ablação (1,4%). Cardiopatia congênita esteve presente em 51 (15,4%) casos, sendo a comunicação interatrial a mais encontrada (27,4%), seguida de comunicação interventricular (25,4%) e anomalia de Ebstein (17,6%). Conclusão: Estudo eletrofisiológico e ablação com radiofrequência constituem ferramentas eficazes no diagnóstico e tratamento das arritmias na população pediátrica. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Young Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Age Factors , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac/methods , Treatment Outcome
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 132(6): 359-363, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-726374

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Occurrences of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) are common. It is important to identify AF because it increases morbidity and mortality. 24-hour Holter has been used to detect paroxysmal AF (PAF). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between occurrence of PAF in 24-hour Holter and the symptoms of the population studied. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at a cardiology hospital. METHODS: 11,321 consecutive 24-hour Holter tests performed at a referral service were analyzed. Patients with pacemakers or with AF throughout the recording were excluded. RESULTS: There were 75 tests (0.67%) with PAF. The mean age was 67 ± 13 years and 45% were female. The heart rate (HR) over the 24 hours was a minimum of 45 ± 8 bpm, mean of 74 ± 17 bpm and maximum of 151 ± 32 bpm. Among the tests showing PAF, only 26% had symptoms. The only factor tested that showed a correlation with symptomatic AF was maximum HR (165 ± 34 versus 147 ± 30 bpm) (P = 0.03). Use of beta blockers had a protective effect against occurrence of PAF symptoms (odds ratio: 0.24, P = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: PAF is a rare event in 24-hour Holter. The maximum HR during the 24 hours was the only factor correlated with symptomatic AF, and use of beta blockers had a protective effect against AF symptom occurrence. .


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A ocorrência de fibrilação atrial (FA) assintomática é comum. A identificação da FA é importante e está associada com maior morbimortalidade. O Holter de 24 horas vem sendo utilizado para a detecção de FA paroxística (FAP). O objetivo desse estudo é investigar a relação entre a ocorrência de FAP no Holter de 24 horas e os sintomas na população estudada. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal realizado em um hospital de cardiologia. MÉTODOS: Análise de 11.321 exames consecutivos de Holter de 24 horas realizados em serviço de referência. Foram excluídos pacientes com marcapasso e aqueles com FA durante toda a gravação. RESULTADOS: Foram identificados 75 (0,67%) exames apresentando FAP. A idade média foi de 67 ± 13 anos e 45% eram do sexo feminino. A frequência cardíaca (FC) encontrada nas 24 horas foi mínima de 45 ± 8 bpm, média de 74 ± 17 bpm e máxima de 151 ± 32 bpm. Entre os exames apresentando FAP, apenas 26% apresentaram sintomas. O único fator testado que evidenciou correlação com FA sintomática foi a FC máxima (165 ± 34 versus 147 ± 30 bpm) (P = 0,03). O uso de betabloqueadores teve efeito protetor para ocorrência de sintomas na FA (odds ratio: 0.24, P = 0.031). CONCLUSÕES: A FAP é um evento raro em Holter de 24 horas. A FC máxima nas 24 horas foi o único fator relacionado com FA sintomática e o uso de betabloqueadores teve efeito protetor para ocorrência de sintomas na FA. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asymptomatic Diseases , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(6): 480-486, dez. 2013. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-701267

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: No atendimento ao episódio sincopal é necessário estratificar o risco para melhor diferenciar pacientes que necessitam de internação hospitalar daqueles que podem ser liberados. Os critérios utilizados pelos médicos avaliadores desses pacientes em emergências cardiológicas em nosso meio são desconhecidos. OBJETIVOS: Analisar quais os critérios adotados para internação hospitalar, diferenciá-los dos utilizados nos pacientes liberados e compará-los com os preditores de alto risco definidos pelo escore de OESIL já validado para esse fim. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em pacientes diagnosticados com síncope na emergência em nossa instituição no ano de 2011. RESULTADOS: Dos 46.476 atendimentos realizados naquele ano, 216 foram descritos como síncope. Dos 216 pacientes analisados, 39% foram internados, sendo que as principais variáveis associadas à admissão foram síncope prévia, doença cardíaca conhecida, história negativa para acidente vascular encefálico no passado, ECG alterado e possuir plano de súde. Na comparação internação contra não internação, os escores OESIL 0-1 foram associados a maior chance de liberação hospitalar; os escores 2-3 apresentaram maior associação com internação. Um escore OESIL >2 demonstrou razão de chances 7,8 vezes maior de internação comparado com o escore 0 (p < 0,001; IC95%: 4,03-15,11). Aproximadamente 39% dos pacientes não tiveram definição etiológica e em 18% foi identificada uma causa cardiológica. CONCLUSÕES: Fatores como doença cardiovascular conhecida, história sincopal prévia, ausência de AVC prévio, possuir seguro de saúde e eletrocardiograma alterado foram os critérios utilizados pelos médicos em emergência para indicar internação hospitalar. Houve boa correlação entre os critérios clínicos e os critérios de risco do OESIL descritos na literatura.


BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of a syncopal episode is necessary to better differentiate patients needing hospitalization of those who can be safely set home from the emergency department. Currently there are no strict guidelines from our Brazilian medical societies to guide the cardiologist that evaluate patients in an emergency setting. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the criteria adopted for defining the need for hospitalization and compare them with the predictors of high risk for adverse outcome defined by the OESIL score that is already validated in the medical literature for assessing syncope. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with syncope during emergency department evaluation at our institution in the year 2011. RESULTS: Of the 46,476 emergency visits made in that year, 216 were due to syncope. Of the 216 patients analyzed, 39% were hospitalized. The variables associated with the need of hospital admission were - having health care insurance, previous known cardiovascular disease, no history of prior stroke, previous syncope and abnormal electrocardiograms during the presentation. In comparison with those not admitted OESIL scores of 0-1 were associated with a greater chance of emergency discharge; 2-3 scores showed greater association with the need of hospitalization. A score > 2 OESIL provided an odds ratio 7.8 times higher for hospitalization compared to score 0 (p <0.001, 95% CI:4,03-15,11). In approximately 39% no etiological cause for syncope was found and in 18% cardiac cause was identified. CONCLUSIONS: Factors such as cardiovascular disease, prior history of syncope, health insurance, no previous stroke and abnormal electrocardiograms, were the criteria used by doctors to indicate hospital admission. There was a good correlation between the clinical judgment and the OESIL criteria for high risk described in literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Syncope/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electrocardiography , Emergency Service, Hospital , Patient Discharge , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Factors , Syncope/diagnosis , Syncope/mortality
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(5): 418-422, nov. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-696889

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: A Comissão Internacional de Radiologia indica rastreamento com teste de gravidez a todas pacientes do gênero feminino em período fértil que serão submetidas a exame radiológico. Sabe-se que a radiação é teratogênica e que seu efeito é cumulativo. O potencial teratogênico inicia-se com doses próximas às das utilizadas durante esses procedimentos. Não se sabe a prevalência de teste de gravidez positivo em pacientes submetidos a estudo eletrofisiológico e/ou à ablação por cateter em nosso meio. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de teste de gravidez positivo em pacientes do gênero feminino encaminhadas para estudo eletrofisiológico e/ou ablação por radiofrequência. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com análise de 2.966 pacientes submetidos a estudo eletrofisiológico e/ou ablação por cateter, de junho 1997 a fevereiro 2013, no Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul. Foram realizados 1.490 exames em mulheres sendo que, destas, 769 encontravam-se em idade fértil. Todas as pacientes foram rastreadas com teste de gravidez no dia anterior ao procedimento. RESULTADOS: Detectou-se positividade do teste em três pacientes, impossibilitando a realização do exame. Observou-se prevalência de 3,9 casos por 1.000 mulheres em idade fértil. CONCLUSÃO: Devido ao baixo custo e à segurança, indica-se a realização de teste de rastreamento para gravidez a todas pacientes em idade fértil, uma vez que o grau de radiação ionizante necessária nesse procedimento é muito próximo ao limiar de teratogenicidade, principalmente no primeiro trimestre, quando os sinais de gestação não são exuberantes.


BACKGROUND: The International Commission of Radiology recommends a pregnancy screening test to all female patients of childbearing age who will undergo a radiological study. Radiation is known to be teratogenic and its effect is cumulative. The teratogenic potential starts at doses close to those used during these procedures. The prevalence of positive pregnancy tests in patients undergoing electrophysiological studies and/or catheter ablation in our midst is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of positive pregnancy tests in female patients referred for electrophysiological study and/or radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study analyzing 2966 patients undergoing electrophysiological study and/or catheter ablation, from June 1997 to February 2013, in the Institute of Cardiology of Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 1490 procedures were performed in women, of whom 769 were of childbearing age. All patients were screened with a pregnancy test on the day before the procedure. RESULTS: Three patients tested positive, and were therefore unable to undergo the procedure. The prevalence observed was 3.9 cases per 1000 women of childbearing age. CONCLUSION: Because of their safety and low cost, pregnancy screening tests are indicated for all women of childbearing age undergoing radiological studies, since the degree of ionizing radiation needed for these procedures is very close to the threshold for teratogenicity, especially in the first trimester, when the signs of pregnancy are not evident.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced/prevention & control , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Fetal Development/radiation effects , Pregnancy Tests/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Prevalence , Risk Assessment
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