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1.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-724689

ABSTRACT

Rhinella schneideri, previously known as Bufo paracnemis, is a common toad in many regions of Brazil. Its venom exerts important cardiovascular effects on humans and other animals. Although this toad venom has been the subject of intense investigations, little is known about its neuromuscular activity. The neurotoxicity of a methanolic extract of R. schneideri venom was tested on mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND) preparations mounted for conventional twitch tension recording – in response to indirect stimulation – and for electrophysiological measurements.


Subject(s)
Animals , Neuromuscular Agents , Neurotoxins/analysis , Poisons/analysis , Bufo rana/classification
2.
Rev. bras. toxicol ; v.18(1): 17-26, jul. 2005. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-417095

ABSTRACT

The neurotoxic effects of manganese occured mainly from its inhalation are well described in the literature. In this study we have been demonstrated the potent and reversible effect of manganese ions (Mn²+) on neuromuscular transmission using conventional myographic. The Mn²+ mechanism wich causes reversible blockade at neuromuscular junction was investigated in isolated mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND) preparations. As much Mn²+ 0.9 mM as Mn²+ 1.8 mM produced rapid neuromuscular blockade (50% in < 4 min), but only the lower concentration reversed spontaneously. The use of d-tubocurarine (5.8 µM), 3,4-diaminopyridine 3,4-DAP, 0.09 mM) and dantrolene (10 µM) excluded the involvment of nicotinic receptors, K+ channels and ryanodine receptors, respectively, as the potential target for this ion. Manganese acts an early competitive antagonist and after as an agonist of Ca²+, indicating that this ion may probably act via Ca²+ cannels...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neuromuscular Junction , Manganese Poisoning , Manganese/adverse effects
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