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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 353-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939570

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the distribution of Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor A (MrgA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting nucleus of normal rats and its expression in neuropathic pain, and to provide morphological evidence for CSF-contacting nucleus to participate in neuropathic pain. The model of neuropathic pain with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve was made in Sprague-Dawley rats. The thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) and mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) were measured. The expressions of MrgA in the CSF-contacting nucleus were examined by double labeling with immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that on the 5th, 7th, 10th and 14th days, the values of MWT and TWL in CCI group were all lower than those in sham group (P < 0.05). MrgA was found to be distributed in CSF-contacting nucleus of normal rats; and the expression was markedly up-regulated in rats at the peak of neuropathic pain. Our data suggest that CSF-contacting nucleus may participate in neuropathic pain through the MrgA-mediated signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Staphylococcal Protein A/metabolism , Up-Regulation
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between perineural invasion and other clinicopathological factors and its effect on the prognosis of gastric cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 665 patients with gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed. According to the presence of perineural invasion, the patients were divided into perineural invasion positive group and perineural invasion negative group. The relationship between perineural invasion and other clinicopathological factors and its effect on the prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed. After eliminating the potential confusion bias between the two groups by propensity score matching (PSM) , the differences of 5-year cumulative survival rate between the two groups of gastric cancer patients were compared.Results:The incidence of perineural invasion was 17.0% (113 cases) . The binary logistic regression analysis showed that the depth of tumor invasion and vascular tumor thrombus were independent factors influencing the occurrence of gastric cancer perineural invasion (all P<0.001) . Univariate analysis showed that age (>60 years) , tumor diameter (>4 cm) , borrmann classification, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, degree of differentiation, vascular tumor thrombus, perineural invasion, tumor nodule, tumor site, resection site, and surgical operation were the influencing factors for the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer ( P<0.05) , but multivariate analysis showed that age (>60 years) , tumor diameter (>4cm) , depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and positive vascular tumor thrombi were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of gastric cancer patients ( P<0.05) .However, perineural invasion cannot be an independent factor influencing the poor prognosis of gastric cancer in a multivariate analysis. Survival analysis was performed after propensity matching scores, and it was found that there was no statistically significant difference in the five-year survival rate between the perineural invasion positive group and the perineural invasion negative group (34.6% vs 43.0%; χ2=1.713; P=0.191) ,and there was no significant difference in the survival curve analysis between the two. Conclusion:Most patients with gastric cancer of perineural invasion have poor prognosis, but perineural invasion cannot be an independent prognostic factor for the prognosis of gastric cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intra-articular berberine injection on the structural remodeling of subchondral bone plate and osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand(OPG/RANKL) system expression in rabbits with osteoarthritis(OA).@*METHODS@#Forty 12-month-old male rabbits with an average of(2.73±0.18) kg of body weight, underwent left anterior cruciate ligament transection(ACLT), and were divided into berberine group and placebo groups after operation, 20 rabbits in each group. The berberine group received intra-articular injection of 100 μmol/L berberine 0.3 ml every week for 6 weeks. In placebo group, the same dose of 0.9% sodium chloride injection was injected into the left knee joint cavity every week for 6 weeks. Another 20 12-month-old male rabbits, weighing (2.68±0.18) kg, underwent sham operation on the left knee joint without intra-articular injection intervention (sham operation group). On the last day of the sixth week after operation, three groups of animals were sacrificed to obtain knee joint specimens. The femoral medial condyle samples were obtained for histological evaluation of cartilage and subchondral bone, Mankin scoring system was used to evaluate articular cartilage structure. Image-Pro Plus(IPP) software was used to evaluate subchondral bone plate bone volume(BV), bone volume/total volume(BV/TV), trabecular circumference(TC), mean trabecular thickness (Tb.Th). Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerization Enzyme chain reaction(reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, RT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of OPG and RANKL in subchondral bone tissue at 6 weeks after operation.@*RESULTS@#The cartilage structure evaluation showed that the surface of cartilage tissue in the sham operation group was smooth and flat, and the safranin coloration was full in the full thickness of the cartilage;the cartilage tissue in the berberine group showed uneven surface layer, and the staining of safranin O was mildly decreased;the surface layer fibrosis was seen in placebo group, Safranin O faded significantly. The Mankin score in the berberine group was lower than that in placebo group(P<0.01), but higher than that in sham operation group(P<0.01). The structural evaluation of subchondral bone plate showed that the trabecular bone in sham-operated group was densely arranged;after berberine intervention, the trabeculae were closely arranged;the subchondral bone trabeculae in placebo group were relatively sparse, and the distance between trabeculae was wider. Subchondral bone plate IPP software evaluation showed that BV, BV/TV, TC, Tb.Th in berberine group were higher than those in placebo group(P<0.01), BV, BV/TV, TC, Tb.Th in berberine group were higher than those in placebo group(P<0.01), while lower than the sham operation group (P<0.01). PCR test results showed that the expression of OPG mRNA in the berberine group was significantly higher than that in placebo group(P<0.01), and OPG mRNA in the berberine group was lower than that in sham operation group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in mRNA expression of RANKL among three groups(P>0.05);the ratio of OPG/RANKL in berberine group was higher than that in placebo group(P<0.01), but lower than that in sham operation group(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Intra-articular injection of berberine can effectively inhibit the resorption of subchondral bone in the early stage of OA and delay the development of the disease. The specific mechanism may be that berberine maintains the balance of OPG/RANKL system by up-regulating the expression of OPG gene in subchondral bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine/therapeutic use , Bone Density Conservation Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Plates , Cartilage, Articular , Humans , Ligands , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Osteoprotegerin/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/therapeutic use , Rabbits
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883090

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review parents ′ experience of caring for children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to fully understand care needs and improve the psychological state and caregiving quality of parents. Methods:The qualitative studies on parents ′ experience of caring for children with CKD were retrieved from following databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and WanFang Data from inception to March 2020. The quality of included researches was evaluated according to the JBI Critical Appraisal Tool for qualitative studies in Australia. The results were integrated by pooled integration methods. Results:A total of 14 studies were included. 69 results were summarized and integrated to form 10 categories. These categories extracted 4 integrated results: parents' physical and mental condition are affected, relationship between parents and their support system has changed, reconstruction of parents ′ life, unmet care needs and problems. Conclusions:Parents are crucial to the disease management of children with CKD, so clinical medical staff should not only provide medical services for children, but also pay more attention to the psychological status and needs of parents, so as to provide guidance and support to promote parents to better implement care and disease management for children.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1896-1902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis in children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and five children with SAA treated in our department from January 2008 to April 2018 were selected, and the clinical characteristics and factors affecting prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 205 SAA children, the effective rate (CR+PR) at 3, 6 and 12 months after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) treatment was 50.9%, 59.0% and 73.9%, respectively, and 5-year overall survival rate was 93.1%±2.0%. Univariate analysis showed that 5-year overall survival rate of SAA children of spontaneous delivery was higher than that of cesarean section (P=0.039), while multivariate analysis showed that birth way had no significant influence on 5-year overall survival rate (P>0.05). The response rate at 3 months after IST of children with a recent history of decoration before SAA onset was higher than those without history of decoration (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Most of the SAA children can achieve high response rate and overall survival rate. Patients with recent history of home/school decoration may be the factor affecting hematological response after 3 months of IST, but have no influence on long-term overall survival.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Cesarean Section , Child , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of down-regulation of long non-coding RNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA myeloid 1 (LncRNA-HOTAIRM1) to the proliferation and apoptosis of Jurkat in human leukemia T lymphocytes, and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Jurkat cells were cultured in vitro and randomly divided into control group, HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA group; the expressions of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, KIT receptor tyrosine kinase (KIT) mRNA and serine threonine kinase (AKT) mRNA in Jurkat cells were detected by real-time fluorescence quantification (RT-qPCR); the proliferation of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by CCK-8 method; the apoptosis of Jurkat cells in each groups was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining; the expressions of KIT, AKT, p-KIT, p-AKT, B-lymphoma-2 gene (BCL-2) and Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the cells in the control group and HOTAIRM1 siRNA-NC group, the expression level of LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 mRNA, cell survival rate, expression levels of KIT mRNA, AKT mRNA, p-KIT, p-AKT and BCL-2 proteins in Jurkat cells in HOTAIRM1 siRNA group were significantly lower (P<0.05), while the expression level of Cleared Caspase-3 protein and Jurkat cell apoptosis rate were significantly higher (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LncRNA-HOTAIRM1 may inhibit Jurkat cell proliferation and induce apoptosis through KIT/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of double plasma molecular absorption system (DPMAS) in the treatment of pediatric acute liver failure (PALF).@*METHODS@#A prospective analysis was performed on the medical data of children with PALF who were hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Hunan Children's Hospital, from March 2018 to June 2020. The children were randomly divided into two groups:plasma exchange group (PE group) and DPMAS group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the PE group, the DPMAS group had a significantly lower number of times of artificial liver support therapy and a significantly shorter duration of ICU stay (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DPMAS is safe and effective in the treatment of PALF and can thus be used as an alternative to artificial liver support therapy.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Child , Humans , Liver Failure, Acute/therapy , Plasma , Plasma Exchange , Prospective Studies
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 223-232, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878251

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the role of GluN2B-BDNF pathway in the cerebrospinal fluid-contacting nucleus (CSF-CN) in neuropathic pain. Intra-lateral ventricle injection of cholera toxin subunit B conjugated with horseradish peroxidase (CBHRP) was used to label the CSF-CN. Double-labeled immunofluorescent staining and Western blot were used to observe the expression of GluN2B and BDNF in the CSF-CN. Chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) rat model was used to duplicate the neuropathic pain. Pain behavior was scored to determine the analgesic effects of GluN2B antagonist Ro 25-6981 and BDNF neutralizing antibody on CCI rats. GluN2B and BDNF were expressed in the CSF-CN and their expression was up-regulated in CCI rats. Intra-lateral ventricle injection of GluN2B antagonist Ro 25-6981 or BDNF neutralizing antibody notably alleviated thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in CCI rats. Moreover, the increased expression of BDNF protein in CCI rats was reversed by intra-lateral ventricle injection of Ro 25-6981. These results suggest that GluN2B and BDNF are expressed in the CSF-CN and alteration of GluN2B-BDNF pathway in the CSF-CN is involved in the modulation of the peripheral neuropathic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Hyperalgesia , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873520

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the association between physical activity and glucose metabolism during the second trimester of pregnancy. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2017 to November 2018. 1 083 pregnant women at 20-28 weeks of gestation in Guangzhou,China were recruited into this study. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect demographics and lifestyles. Physical activity was assessed by the international physical activity questionnaire. The participants underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the association between physical activity and blood glucose. Logistic regression analysis model was used to analyze the association between physical activity and gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM) . Results Only 36. 57% of pregnant women met the recommended level of total physical activity. There was a negative correlation ( β= -0. 104, P= 0. 017) between total physical activity and postprandial 2 h blood glucose. Results from different types of physical activities showed that the recreation,sport,and leisure-time physical activity were negatively associated with postprandial 1 h blood glucose ( β = -0. 114,P = 0. 042) . No significant association was found between either various types of physical activities or sedentary time and GDM. Conclusions Physical activity during mid-pregnancy is inadequate in pregnant women in Guangzhou,China. Higher total physical activity and recreation,sport,and leisure-time physical activity in the second trimester of pregnancy are associated with lower postprandial blood glucose.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873516

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To study the distribution of sleep duration in mid-pregnancy women and examine its association with prehypertension ( PHT) . Methods In the baseline survey of a prospective cohort study,943 women in mid-pregnancy were recruited in Guangzhou,China in 2017-2018. A standardized questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics,sleep duration and other lifestyles. We obtained maternal blood pressure values,weights,heights,and medical histories from medical records. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to examine the association between sleep duration and PHT. Results The average daily sleep duration of women in mid -pregnancy was ( 10. 41 ± 1. 67 ) hours,and it was negatively related to age and educational level. Overall,98. 33% of pregnant women had a daily sleep duration ≥ 7 h and the distribution was related to passive smoking. The average night time sleep duration was ( 9. 48±1. 21 ) hours,and it was negatively related to age and educational level. The daytime sleep duration was ( 0. 93 ± 0. 69 ) hours,and it was positively associated with physical activity. The average bedtime was( 22 ∶ 42 ± 1.24) ,and it was positively associated with passive smoking. The prevalence of PHT was 9. 61%. We did not observe any significant association between sleep duration and PHT. Conclusions The mid-pregnancy women in Guangzhou had relatively long sleep duration, and it differed by maternal age,educational level,physical activity,and passive smoking. There was no significant association between sleep duration and PHT.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle myoblasts differentiate and fuse to form polynuclear muscle tubes and muscle fibers to complete the repair of muscle injury when skeletal muscles were injured. However, the repair process is slow and incomplete. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB can stimulate the proliferation, differentiation and migration of a variety of tissue cells, and plays an important role in the process of tissue repair after various injuries. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of different concentrations of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on proliferation, differentiation and migration of skeletal muscle myoblast C2C12 cells and the action mechanism. METHODS: The mouse skeletal muscle myoblast C2C12 cells were cultured with platelet-derived growth factor-BB 0, 5, 10, 20 and 40 μg/L and platelet-derived growth factor receptor inhibitor imatinib. The expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor in C2C12 cells was detected by immunocytochemistry and western blot assay. After 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 days of culture, CCK8 method was used to detect cell proliferation. After 4 days of induction and differentiation culture, the formation of myotubes in each group was observed by light microscope. The expression of myosin heavy chain and MyoG Gene was observed by immunofluorescence and western blot assay. After 48 hours of culture, Transwell method was used to detect cell migration. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Immunofluorescence chemistry and western blot assay indicated that platelet-derived growth factor receptor expression could be detected in C2C12 cells, and semi-quantitative statistical analysis showed no significant difference in platelet-derived growth factor receptor expression between groups with different platelet-derived growth factor-BB concentrations (P > 0.05). (2) CCK8 assay demonstrated that the proliferation of C2C12 cells showed no significant change in platelet-derived growth factor-BB groups compared with the control group (platelet-derived growth factor-BB 0 μg/L group). (3) Immunofluorescence chemistry showed that compared with control group, number of myosin heavy chain positive cells increased in platelet-derived growth factor-BB groups; 40 μg/L platelet-derived growth factor-BB concentration got the highest; the mature muscle tubes up to (27.00±0.76) per field of vision, and MyoG expression populations was most obviously compared with the control group (P < 0.05). (4) Transwell results showed that compared with the control group, the migration number of C2C12 cells in the platelet-derived growth factor-BB group increased, and the migration number in the 40 μg/L group was up to 144.00±13.03 (P < 0.05). (5) It is concluded that platelet-derived growth factor-BB promoted the migration, differentiation and myotube formation of C2C12 cells, and the pro-differentiation mechanism is related to its enhanced binding with platelet-derived growth factor receptor, so as to improve the expression of differentiation related gene MyoG.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the expression of fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1/S100A4) , ɑ-smooth-muscle actin (ɑ-SMA) and fibroblast-activated protein (FAP-ɑ) in tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) , and to investigate its relationship with the origination and development of PTC.Methods:The expression of FSP1/S100A4, ɑ-SMA and FAP-ɑ in normal thyroid and PTC was determined by SP method of immunohistochemistry, and the relationship between these indicators and important clinicopathological parameters were analyzed.Results:The positive expression of FSP1/S100A4, ɑ-SMA and FAP-ɑ was observed in PTC, but not detected in the follicular epithelium or stromal cells of normal thyroid. In addition, the expression of FAP-ɑ was significantly related to tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM classification ( χ2=6.833, P<0.05; χ2=10.296, P<0.05; χ2=4.910, P<0.05) . The expression of ɑ-SMA was positively related to the invasion of capsule and lymph node metastasis ( χ2=6.008, P<0.05; χ2=11.766, P<0.05) . The expression of FSP1/S100A4 was negatively related to the clinicopathological parameters above ( P>0.05) in PTC. Conclusion:TAFs in PTC may indicate the infiltration and metastasis, which provideds new thinking for the treatment strategies of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of children who were diagnosed with severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia from February to June, 2019.@*RESULTS@#Among the 45 children, the male/female ratio was 3:2 and the median age was 14 months. All children had repeated fever, cough, and pulmonary moist rales, and the mean duration of fever was 14±4 days. The median time from fever to dyspnea was 8 days, and the time from fever to mechanical ventilation was 11.6±2.5 d. There was no significant increase in white blood cell count, with neutrophils as the main type. There were slight reductions in hemoglobin and albumin, while platelet and fibrinogen remained normal. There were increases in aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, and C-reaction protein. The detection rate of mixed pathogens was 84%. Effusion in both lungs was the major change on chest imaging (64%). Bronchoscopic manifestations were endobronchitis, tracheomalacia, and plastic bronchitis. The incidence rate of respiratory complications was 100%, and extrapulmonary complications mainly involved the circulatory system (47%), digestive system (36%), and nervous system (31%). Among the 45 children, 16 were administered with 400 mg/kg intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) daily for 5 days, with a mean duration of fever of 16±5 days, and 29 were administered with 1 g/kg IVIG daily for 2 days, with a mean duration of fever of 13±4 days; there was a significant difference in the mean duration of fever between the two groups (P=0.046). The overall mortality rate was 11%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Severe type 7 adenovirus pneumonia in children has severe conditions, with a high incidence rate of complications and a high mortality rate, so it should be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Bronchitis , Female , Fever , Humans , Infant , Male , Pneumonia, Viral , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828721

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of the CAMS-2005 and CAMS-2009 regimens in treating children with non-core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (non-CBF AML) and to study the prognosis factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 161 children who were initially diagnosed with non-CBF AML from April 2005 to December 2015 were enrolled as study subjects, and were divided into a CAMS-2005 regimen group (n=52) and a CAMS-2009 regimen group (n=109) according to the chemotherapy regimen provided. The efficacy was retrospectively compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The complete remission (CR) rate at the first course of treatment was higher in the CAMS-2009 regimen group than that in the CMAS-2005 regimen group (63.3% vs 46.2%; P0.05). Children who achieved CR at the first course of treatment had significantly higher OS and event-free survival rates than those who did not achieved CR (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CAMS-2009 regimen is superior to the CAMS-2005 regimen in improving the CR rate in children with non-CBF AML after induction treatment. Whether CR is achieved at the first course of treatment can affect the OS rate of children with non-CBF AML.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of endothelial progenitor cells on monocrotaline-induced hepatic vein occlusion disease in mice.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: saline group (n=15), monocrotaline group (n=15), and endothelial progenitor cell infusion group (n=15). Liver function (TBIL, ALT, AST), liver index, and serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were measured on the 8 day after intragastric administration. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic central venous endothelial cells and hepatocytes were observed by both HE and immunohistochemical staining. Hepatic fibrosis was observed by Masson's trichrome staining.@*RESULTS@#By the light microscopy, the liver of the monocrotaline group showed moderate to the severe injuries of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells, and hepatic venous congestion. Masson staining showed moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis of central vein and hepatic sinus. In the endothelial progenitor cell group, hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cell injuries, and the fibrosis of central hepatic vein and hepatic sinus were mild to moderate. Hepatic venous congestion was reduced in comparison with that in the mice of the monocrotaline group. Compared with the endothelial progenitor cell group, the liver index was higher, the liver function was more abnormal, and the serum expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in the monocrotaline group.@*CONCLUSION@#The monocrotaline-induced damage of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells is an linitiating factor for hepatic vein occlusive disease. Infusion of endothelial progenitor cells can play a role in preventing and treating hepatic vein occlusion.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821202

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the colonization status of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in nasopharynx of healthy infants in Wuhan. Methods Six vaccination clinics were randomly selected, and the nasopharyngeal specimens of healthy infants were collected and cultured for Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza. Results The carrying rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in 998 healthy infants was 18.84% and 17.54%, respectively. The carrying rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae within 6 months of age was 15.79% and 14.39%, and the carrying rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae at 7-12 months old was 22.90% and 21.73%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (Sp: χ2=5.60 P=0.02; Hi:χ2=8.98 P=0.00); The carrying rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae in urban and suburban areas was 18.08% and 19.78%, respectively, and the Haemophilus influenzae carrying rate was 17.18% and 17.98%, respectively. The differences were not statistically significant (Sp:χ2=0.47 P=0.50; Hi:χ2=0.11 P=0.74). The correlation coefficient (r value) of the age of the month and the carrying rate of sp and hi was 0.98 and 0.96, respectively. Conclusion The age of healthy infants in Wuhan was highly linearly and positively correlated with the carrying rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818366

ABSTRACT

Objective Trihostatin A (TSA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor of oxime salts, which has certain anti-tumor activity. This article mainly investigates the molecular mechanism of TSA inhibiting cell proliferation through p-AKT/p-mTOR pathway in gastric cancer cells. Methods Gastric cancer cell line-SGC-7901 were treated with TSA of different concentrations, and the inhibition rate of TSA on the cells was detected by MTT assay. The cells were divided into control group (without any treatment), TSA-treated group (200ng/ml TSA), p-AKT covering group (200 ng/mL TSA+8 μg/mL SC79) and autophagy inhibition group (5 mmol/mL 3-methyladenine+200 ng/mL TSA). The protein expression distribution of Lc3 in control and TSA group were detected by cell immunofluorescence staining. The relative expression levels of p-AKT, p-mTOR and autophagy related proteins Lc3 and P62 in control group, TSA group and p-AKT covering group were detected by Western blot. The proliferation of cells in control group, TSA group, p-AKT covering group and autophagy inhibition group were measured by EdU and cell count assay. Results After 24h of treatment, Lc3 in TSA group formed a large number of granular aggregates in the cytoplasm, and the fluorescence distribution changed from the initial diffuse to dense. The TSA group showed a significant reduction in green fluorescence compared with the control group in the EdU experiment. The expression levels of p-AKT in the control group, TSA group and the autophagy inhibition group were 1.78±0.19, 0.92±0.03 and 1.71±0.19, respectively, and Lc3 were 0.21±0.01, 0.79±0.06 and 0.55±0.10, respectively. Compared with the control group, the relative expression level of p-AKT in the TSA group all decreased, while the expression level of Lc3 increased (P <0.05). p-mTOR in the three groups was 0.80±0.16, 0.45±0.04 and 0.98±0.16, respectively. Compared with the control group, the relative expression level of p-mTOR in the TSA group all decreased (P <0.05). P62 in the three groups was 1.17±0.15, 0.48±0.08 and 0.77±0.10, respectively. Compared with the control group, the relative expression level of P62 in the TSA group all decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the TSA group, p-AKT, p-mTOR and P62 expression in the p-AKT covering group increased (P<0.05), while Lc3 expression decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the inhibition effect of cell growth curve was the most obvious in the TSA group, while the cell growth curve of p-AKT covering group and autophagy inhibition group showed a partial recovery compared with the TSA group. Conclusion TSA can promote autophagy by inhibiting p-AKt/p-mTOR pathway, thus inhibiting the proliferation of gastric cancer cells.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878774

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the optimal indications and mechanism of Uncariae Ramulus cum Uncis(UR)-Eucommiae Cortex(EC) in lowering blood pressure based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Chemical constituents were collected and screened by TCMSP database. Swiss Target Prediction platform was used to predict the related targets of the drug. OMIM, TCMIP and GeneCards databases were used to collect hypertension-related genes, and the intersections were taken to obtain potential targets for anti-hypertensive treatment of UR-EC. FunRich software was used to enrich the clinical phenotype and expression site of potential target of lowering blood pressure to analyze and predict the optimal indications of UR-EC. STRING database was used for KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to construct the network of "composition-target-pathway". The key targets and their corresponding components in the network were analyzed and obtained, and then molecular docking was applied for preliminary verification. Twenty potential active components of UR and 24 potential active components of EC were respectively collected, and 92 anti-hypertensive potential targets of UR-EC were obtained. According to FunRich enrichment results, the optimal indication of UR-EC was pregnancy hypertension, which involved calcium signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand receptor interaction, renin vascular tightening, VEGF signaling pathway, etc. In addition, AKT1, NOS2, ADRB2, F2, NOS3, SCN5 A, HTR2 A and JAK2 were considered as the key targets in the network. The molecular docking results showed that the screened potential active components had high binding activity with the key targets. This study preliminarily revealed that UR-EC may have therapeutic effects on pregnancy hypertension in terms of sedation, anti-hypertension, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, improvement of vascular endothelial function and so on.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Hypertension/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pregnancy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803194

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the anesthetic effect of sufentanil combined with propofol with different target control concentration for breast cancer patients.@*Methods@#From January 10, 2015 to December 20, 2017, according to the digital table, 80 patients with breast cancer in the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Cixi were randomly divided into three groups: group A(28 cases, the intraoperative sufentanil plasma target control concentration was 0.2ng/mL), group B (27 cases, the intraoperative sufentanil plasma target control concentration was 0.4ng/mL), group C (24 cases, the intraoperative sufentanil plasma target control concentration was 0.8ng/mL). The plasma target control concentration of propofol in three groups was 3μg/mL.The hemodynamic level[mean arterial pressure(MAP), heart rate(HR)], blood oxygen saturation(SpO2), recovery time, respiratory recovery time and incidence of adverse reactions were compared among the three groups.@*Results@#The MAP of T2, T3 and T4 in group A, group B and group C[T2: (78.56±7.42)mmHg vs.(76.98±7.65)mmHg vs.(69.36±7.69)mmHg; T3: (88.24±7.61)mmHg vs.(86.95±7.59)mmHg vs.(69.41±7.70)mmHg; T4: (72.32±7.51)mmHg vs.(69.24±7.21)mmHg vs.(66.52±6.85)mmHg], HR[T2: (73.65±8.75)times/min vs.(73.49±8.69)times/min vs.(68.36±7.79)times/min; T3: (76.75±8.95)times/min vs.(75.58±7.96)times/min vs.(68.65±7.36)times/min; T4: (71.42±7.41)times/min vs.(70.24±6.49)times/min vs.(64.39±6.62)times/min] showed significant differences[F(MAP)= 8.524, 15.365, 5.325; F(HR)=8.104, 12.521, 5.015, all P<0.05]. However, there were no statistically significant differences in SpO2 among group A, group B and group C in T2, T3 and T4(all P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in resuscitation time and respiratory recovery time among group A, group B and group C (all P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions among group A, group B and group C(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#0.8ng/mL sufentanil combined with 3μg/mL propofol has better anesthetic effect on patients undergoing breast cancer surgery, which is helpful to maintain hemodynamic stability.

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