Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 359
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 230-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of neonatal leukemoid reaction (NLR).Methods:The newborns with NLR admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Seventh Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from September 2010 to January 2022 were selected as the observation group, and the newborns without NLR, who were admitted to the Hospital at the same time and matched with gestational age and birth weight of the NLR newborns were selected as the control group at a ratio of 1∶2. The gestational age, birth weight, maternal complications, maximum leukocyte count, percentage of neutrophils, C-reactive protein, hemoglobin, platelet count, disease diagnosis and other relevant information of the newborns were recorded, and SPSS 21.0 statistical software was applied to compare the data of the two groups of newborns.Results:A total of 36 cases were in the observation group and 72 cases in the control group. Naive granulocytes were found in the peripheral blood of all patients in the observation group, and leukocyte count was higher than that of the control group [61.7 (54.2, 90.6)×10 9/L vs. 19.6 (14.2,27.3)×10 9/L], the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference in the percentage of neutrophils, hemoglobin, platelets, and C-reactive protein between the two groups ( P>0.05). The proportion of vaginal delivery, meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and neonatal sepsis in the observation group were higher than that in the control group [69.4% (25/36) vs. 38.9% (28/72), 19.4% (7/36) vs. 5.6% (4/72), 47.2% (17/36) vs. 8.3% (6/72)], and the proportion of gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension and prenatal use of glucocorticoid was lower than that in the control group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of premature rupture of membranes, neonatal asphyxia, intracranial hemorrhage, pulmonary hemorrhage, bacterial meningitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Newborns with NLR are frequently complicated with sepsis. Early prevention and treatment of maternal comorbidities and active control of infection are important for the prevention and treatment of NLR.

2.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 286-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the role of Huaiqihuang Granules (HQ) in the long-term management of bronchial asthma in young children, and the effective effect on concomitant rhinitis.Methods:A prospective real-world multicenter study was conducted in children aged 2-5 years with asthma diagnosed in the outpatient department (from April 2016 to March 2019)who received either inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA)(control group); inhaled ICS/LTRA plus HQ(combination group), or HQ alone(HQ group). All patients were followed up at week 4, 8, 12 after treatment. The number of days with asthma symptoms, the frequency of severe asthma attacks, the level of asthma control, and the days with rhinitis symptoms in the last 4 weeks were recorded. Differences before and after treatment, and those among groups after treatment were compared using Kruskal- Wallis H test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results:A total of 2 234 eligible patients were recruited, and 2 147 cases completed followed-up visits, including 477, 1 374 and 296 cases in the control group, combination group, and HQ group, respectively. After the treatment, all 3 groups showed significant declines in the days with asthma symptoms, frequency of severe asthma attack and the days with rhinitis symptoms (all P<0.01), and the rate of well-controlled asthma increased significantly ( P<0.01). It lasted until the end of follow-up. Among groups, patients in the combination group showed significantly less days of asthma symptoms than those of the other 2 group at week 8 and 12[0(0, 0.9) d vs.0(0, 0.3) d, P<0.05; 0(0, 0.1) d vs. 0(0, 1.0) d, P<0.01]. Patients in the combination group and HQ group showed a significantly lower rate of severe asthma attacks than that of the control group at week 12 [0(0, 1), 0(0, 1), 0(0, 2), all P<0.05]. The well-controlled rate of asthma in the combination group was significantly higher than that of the control group and HQ group at week 8 and 12 (89.6% vs. 85.9% vs.82.1%, H=15.28; 90.9% vs. 84.1% vs. 81.8%, χ2=29.32, all P<0.01). Conclusions:HQ can significantly alleviate symptoms of asthma and rhinitis, severe attack of asthma, and increase the control rate of asthma when used as an additional treatment or used alone.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1804-1808, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979927

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the protective effects of twin drugs of tetramethylpyrazine-scutellarein (TMSC4) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) model rats and its mechanism. METHODS One hundred and five SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, scutellarein group (0.7 mmol/kg), tetramethylpyrazine group (0.7 mmol/kg), and TMSC4 low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.35, 0.7, 1.4 mmol/kg), with 15 rats in each group. Sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, and other groups were given relevant drug intragastrically, once a day, for consecutive 14 d. Except for sham operation group, all other groups were treated to establish the CIRI model using the thread occlusion method. After 2 hours of ischemia and 22 hours of reperfusion, the brain index and brain water content of the rats were measured. Serum levels of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) in brain tissues, the situation of neuronal cell apoptosis, and the protein expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cleaved-caspase-3 were evaluated. RESULTS Compared with sham operation group, the brain index, brain water content, the serum levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, the levels of MDA in brain tissues, the brain cell apoptosis and the protein expressions of Bax and cleaved-caspase-3 in model group were significantly increased (P<0.05); the levels of SOD, GSH- Px and CAT and the protein expression of Bcl-2 in brain tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the above indexes of rats were reversed significantly in administration groups (P<0.05), while the reverse effects of TMSC4 medium-dose and high-dose groups were significantly better than those of scutellarein group and tetramethylpyrazine group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS TMSC4 has a certain protective effect in CIRI model rats, the mechanism of which may be related to relieving inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress, inhibiting cell apoptosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 366-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965860

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between digital devices usage and body weight overestimation in children and adolescents aged 7-18, in order to provide a scientific basis for body weight overestimation prevention in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#Based on the data of the Research Special Project for Public Welfare Industry of Health using stratified cluster sampling method in 2012, a tatal of 40 073 children and adolescents from 7 provinces with complete information were chosen. Ordinal multivariable Logistic regression model estimated the association between digital devices usage and body weight overestimation.@*Results@#A total of 4 276(11.8%) students with overestimation of body weight were detected, who spent >300 min/d time in digital devices(5.12%) than others (3.84%)( χ 2=19.14, P <0.01). Univariate analysis showed that students with time spent on digital devices >300 min/d had a higher risk in overestimation of body weight ( OR=1.36,95%CI=1.18-1.57,P <0.01) compared with students who spent on digital devices≤120 min/d. There was still a significant association after confounder adjustment ( OR=1.28, 95%CI= 1.10-1.48,P <0.05). Stratified analysis showed that the association between digital devices usage and overestimation of body weight were only observed in girls, 11-18 years old and non single child( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The time usage of digital devices is associated with overestimation of body weight in children and adolescents. It may helpful for children and adolescents to prevent overestimation of body weight by reducing time spent on digital devices.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 660-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965501

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the protective effects of ligustrazine-scutellarein twin drug ST-11 on rat adrenal medullary pheochromocytoma PC12 cell injury induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) and its mechanism. METHODS PC12 cells were divided into blank group, model group, nimodipine group (positive control, 5 μmol/L) and different concentration groups of ST-11 (5, 10, 20 μmol/L). After 24 hours of pre-administration intervention, all the other groups except the blank group were cultured in glucose-free DMEM culture medium containing 10 mmol/L Na2S2O4 for 4 hours with glucose deficiency and hypoxia. After 4 hours of glucose and oxygen re-introduction, the survival rate of cells in each group, the contents of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cell supernatant, apoptosis rate, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), the protein expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 related X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and caspase-3 were all detected in each group. RESULTS Compared with blank group, the cell survival rate, the contents of CAT, GSH and SOD in cell supernatant, MMP level, relative expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio in model group decreased significantly (P<0.05), while the contents of LDH and MDA, ROS level, apoptosis rate, relative expressions of Bax and caspase-3 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, above indexes of ST-11 groups (except for the protein expression of caspase-3 in 5 μmol/L ST-11 group) were reversed signifi-cantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS ST-11 has a certain protec-tive effect on OGD/R-injured PC12 cells, and its effects may be related to reduction of oxidative stress and inhibition of cell apoptosis.

6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 562-567, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To monitor the changes of voriconazole minimum concentration(Cmin) in patients with hematological diseases, and evaluate the factors influencing and adverse reactions of voriconazole clearance in patients with hematological diseases, so as to provide a theoretical basis for reasonable clinical use of voriconazole.@*METHODS@#136 patients with hematological diseases who used voriconazole in Wuhan NO.1 Hospital from May 2018 to December 2019 were selected. The correlation between C-reactive protein, albumin, creatinine and voriconazole Cmin were analyzed, and the changes of voriconazole Cmin after glucocorticoid treatment was also detected. In addition, stratified analysis was used to explore the adverse events of voriconazole.@*RESULTS@#Among 136 patients, 77 were male (56.62%) and 59 were female (43.38%). There were positive correlations between voriconazole Cmin and C-reactive protein and creatinine levels (r=0.277, r=0.208), while voriconazole Cmin was negatively correlated with albumin level (r=-2.673). Voriconazole Cmin in patients treated with glucocorticoid was decreased significantly (P<0.05). In addition, sratified analysis of voriconazole Cmin showed that compared with voriconazole Cmin 1.0-5.0 mg/L group, the incidence of adverse reactions of visual impairment in voriconazole Cmin> 5.0 mg/L group was increased (χ2=4.318, P=0.038).@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of C-reactive protein, albumin and creatinine are closely related to the voriconazole Cmin, which indicate that inflammation and hyponutrition may prevent the clearance of voriconazole in patients with hematological diseases. It is necessary to monitor the voriconazole Cmin of patients with hematological diseases, and adjust the dosage in time to reduce adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Voriconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , C-Reactive Protein , Creatinine , Glucocorticoids , Retrospective Studies , Drug Monitoring , Hematologic Diseases
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 338-343, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, prognosis and safety of decitabine combined with modified EIAG regimen in the treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 44 patients with relapsed/refractory AML and high-risk MDS admitted to our hospital from January 2017 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were equally divided into D-EIAG group (decitabine combined with EIAG regimen) and D-CAG group (decitabine combined with CAG regimen) according to clinical treatment regimen. The complete response (CR), CR with incomplete hematologic recover (CRi), morphologic leukemia-free state (MLFS), partial response (PR), overall response rate (ORR), modified composite complete response (mCRc), overall survival (OS) time, 1-year OS rate, myelosuppression and adverse reactions between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#In D-EIAG group, 16 patients (72.7%) achieved mCRc (CR+CRi+MLFS), 3 patients (13.6%) achieved PR, and ORR (mCRc+PR) was 86.4%. In D-CAG group, 9 patients (40.9%) achieved mCRc, 6 patients (27.3%) achieved PR, and ORR was 68.2%. Difference was observed in mCRc rate between the two groups (P=0.035), but not in ORR (P>0.05). The median OS time of D-EIAG group and D-CAG group was 20 (2-38) months and 16 (3-32) months, and 1-year OS rate was 72.7% and 59.1%, respectively. There was no significant difference in 1-year OS rate between the two groups (P>0.05). After induction chemotherapy, the median time for absolute neutrophil count recovery to 0.5×109/L in D-EIAG group and D-CAG group was 14 (10-27) d and 12 (10-26) d, for platelet count recovery to 20×109/L was 15 (11-28) d and 14 (11-24)d, the median red blood cell suspension transfusion volume was 8 (6-12) U and 6 (6-12) U, and the median apheresis platelet transfusion volume was 4 (2-8) U and 3 (2-6) U, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in comparison of the above indicators between the two groups (P>0.05). The hematological adverse reactions of patients were mainly myelosuppression. Grade III-IV hematological adverse events occurred in both groups (100%), with no increase in the incidence of non-hematological toxicities such as gastrointestinal reactions or liver function damage.@*CONCLUSION@#Decitabine combined with EIAG regimen in the treatment of relapsed/refractory AML and high-risk MDS can improve remission rate, provide an opportunity for subsequent therapies, and have no increase in adverse reactions compared with D-CAG regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Cytarabine , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Bone Marrow Diseases/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971081

ABSTRACT

Biogenetics plays an important role in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder in adolescents. Various genetic polymorphism studies have updated the understanding of adolescent depressive disorder. However, due to the influence of gene-environment interaction and age of puberty, the influence of gene polymorphisms on adolescent depressive disorder is complicated to clarify. Investigating and clarifying the relationship between gene polymorphisms and adolescent depressive disorder will promote the research on the pathogenesis of this disorder and provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of this disorder. This article reviews the genetic polymorphisms related to adolescent depressive disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gene-Environment Interaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970495

ABSTRACT

Multiple sclerosis(MS) shows the pathological characteristics of "inflammatory injury of white matter" and "myelin repair disability" in the central nervous system(CNS). It is very essential for MS treatment and reduction of disease burden to strengthen repair, improve function, and reduce disability. Accordingly, different from the simple immunosuppression, we believe that key to strengthening remyelination and maintaining the "damage-repair" homeostasis of tissue is to change the current one-way immunosuppression strategy and achieve the "moderate pro-inflammation-effective inflammation removal" homeostasis. Traditional Chinese medicine shows huge potential in this strategy. Through literature research, this study summarized the research on remyelination, discussed the "mode-rate pro-inflammation-effective inflammation removal" homeostasis and the "damage-repair" homeostasis based on microglia, and summed up the key links in remyelination in MS. This review is expected to lay a theoretical basis for improving the function of MS patients and guide the application of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Sclerosis/pathology , Remyelination/physiology , Myelin Sheath/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Homeostasis
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 201-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970181

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine the short-term and mid-term effects of surgical treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in one center. Methods: The perioperative data and short-term follow-up outcomes of 421 patients with obstructive HCM who received surgical treatment at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2017 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 207 males and 214 females, aged (56.5±11.7) years (range: 19 to 78 years). Preoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification included 45 cases of class Ⅱ, 328 cases in class Ⅲ, and 48 cases in class Ⅳ. Fifty-eight patients were diagnosed with latent obstructive HCM and 257 patients had moderate or more mitral regurgitation with 56 patients suffering from intrinsic mitral valve diseases. All procedures were completed by a multidisciplinary team, including professional echocardiologists involving in preoperative planning for proper mitral valve management strategies and intraoperative monitoring. A total of 338 patients underwent septal myectomy alone, and 59 patients underwent mitral valve surgery along with myectomy. A single transaortic approach was used in 355 patients, and a right atrial-atrial septal/atrial sulcus approach was used in 51 other patients. Long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments were used for the procedures. Student t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test were used to compare the data before and after surgery. Results: The aortic cross-clamping time of septal myectomy alone was (34.3±8.5) minutes (range: 21 to 94 minutes). Eighteen patients had intraoperative adverse events and underwent immediate reoperation, including residual obstruction (10 patients), left ventricular free wall rupture (4 patients), ventricular septal perforation (3 patients), and aortic valve perforation (1 patient). Four patients died during hospitalization, and 11 patients developed complete atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. After discharge, 384 (92.1%) patients received a follow-up visit with a median duration of 9 months. All follow-up patients survived with significantly improved NYHA classifications: 216 patients in class Ⅰ and 168 patients in class Ⅱ (χ2=662.73, P<0.01 as compared to baseline). At 6 months after surgery, follow-up echocardiography showed that the thickness of the ventricular septum ((13.6±2.5) mm vs. (18.2±3.0) mm, t=23.51, P<0.01) and the peak left ventricular outflow tract gradient ((12.0±6.3) mmHg vs. (93.4±19.8) mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, t=78.29, P<0.01) were both significantly lower than baseline values. Conclusion: The construction of the surgical team (including echocardiography experts), proper mitral valve management strategies, identification and management of sub-mitral-valve abnormalities, and application of long-handled minimally invasive surgical instruments are important for the successful implementation of septal myectomy with satisfactory short-and medium-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Ventricular Septum
11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 428-433, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence and genotypes of human pegivirus-1 (HPgV-1) among HIV-1-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) in Zhuhai, aiming to elucidate the impact of HPgV-1 on the progression of AIDS.Methods:This study collected 934 serum specimens positive for antibodies against HIV-1 for viral RNA extraction from MSM in Zhuhai from 2012 to 2020. HPgV-1 5′UTR was amplified by nested PCR and then E gene was amplified by nested PCR and sequenced in the 5′UTR-positive specimens. A phylogenetic tree was constructed to analyze genotype distribution. The influence of HPgV-1 infection on the progression of AIDS was evaluated through analyzing HIV-1 viral load and CD4 + cell counts in patients in the early stage of AIDS before antiviral treatment. Results:The positive rate of HPgV-1 in MSM with HIV-1 infection in Zhuhai was 31.05%. A total of 273 valid sequences were obtained after amplification. The main genotype of HPgV-1 was G3 (252, 92.31%), which was highly homologous to the epidemic strains in China and Japan in recent years, followed G2 (21, 7.69%), which was highly homologous to the epidemic strains in France and America. HPgV-1 strains of G1, G4, G5, G6 and G7 genotypes were not detected. There was no significant difference in HIV-1 virus load or CD4 + cell counts between patients with HIV-1 infection alone and those with HIV-1 and HPgV-1 (G3 or G2 genotype) co-infection. Conclusions:According to the data of this study, HPgV-1 infection could not delay the progression of AIDS in MSM in the early stage of AIDS before antiviral therapy. The widespread HPgV-1 of G3 genotype in China did not have a significant impact on the progression of AIDS. Therefore, a systematic in-depth research on various genotypes of HPgV-1 and further study on the pathogenic mechanism of HPgV-1, especially in patients with HPgV-1 and HIV co-infection, were needed to understanding the interaction mechanism between different genotypes of HPgV-1 and HIV-1.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 657-661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976093

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effects of mercury on T lymphocytes and serum immune indexes of workers with Methods occupational mercury exposure. A total of 45 workers with occupational mercury exposure were selected as the , mercury exposure group and 47 workers without occupational mercury exposure were selected as the control group using the judgment sampling method. Cold atomic absorption spectrometry was used to detect the urinary mercury level of the two groups. ( ) +, + +, + + - + Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of cluster of differentiation CD 3 CD3CD4 CD3CD8 and CD3CD19 , - ( - ) - ( - ) cells in peripheral blood and the levels of tumor necrosis factor α TNF α and interleukin 8 IL 8 in serum. The levels of ( ) , Results immunoglobulin Ig A IgG and IgM in serum were measured by immune nephelometry. The urinary mercury level of ( : vs ,P ) individuals in the mercury exposed group was higher than that of the control group median 92.7 13.2 μg/g Cr <0.01 . The +, + +, - + proportion of CD3 CD3CD4 CD3CD19 cells in peripheral blood and serum IgG level in the mercury exposed group ( P ), - - ( P ) decreased all <0.05 and the serum TNF α and IL 8 levels increased all <0.01 compared with the control group. Urinary - + mercury level was negatively correlated with the proportion of CD3CD19 cells in peripheral blood and serum IgG level in the [ (r) , , P ], study subjects Spearman correlation coefficient S were −0.21 and −0.31 respectively all <0.05 and positively - - (r , , P ) , correlated with serum TNF α and IL 8 levels S were 0.36 and 0.39 respectively all <0.05 . However the urinary mercury ( P ), +, + +, level was neither correlated with IgA and IgM levels in serum all >0.05 nor with the proportion of CD3 CD3CD4 + + ( P ) Conclusion CD3CD8 cells in peripheral blood all >0.05 . Occupational exposure to mercury can lead to abnormal , changes in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets B lymphocytes and serum immune factors in workers. The mercury load of occupational mercury exposure workers may impact their immune function.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 169-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913161

ABSTRACT

During fluorescence-guided cancer surgery, ultra-pH sensitive (UPS) fluorescent nanoprobes has multiple advantages such as real-time imaging procedures, ultra-high imaging sensitivity as well as broad tumor detection specificity. UPS nanoprobes stay at "OFF" state at higher pH and turn into "ON" state at lower pH with emission of strong fluorescence. Moreover, the transition pH points (transition pH point, pHt) can be precisely controlled by structural-based strategy. One of the previously-reported UPS nanoprobes showed good imaging effect. However, it is still not clear about the effect of pHt on cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and to further identify the optimal UPS. In this study, we synthesized a series of UPS nanoprobes with pHt at 4.5, 6.2, 6.6, 7.8 by adjusting the hydrophobic blocks of UPS polymers. Each nanoprobe showed excellent stability in "OFF" state by dynamic light scattering and uniform morphology observed by transmission electron microscopy. In vitro imaging characterized the ultra-pH sensitive fluorescence transition of each probe. In vivo imaging results identified two UPS nanoprobes (NP-6.2 and NP-6.6) with superior tumor imaging effect. All animal experiments in this study were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Peking University Health Science Center and were strictly followed by the welfare regulations of laboratory animals of Peking University Health Science Center. Therefore, this study has explored the effect of pHt on the cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and provides a new idea for design of the other cancer microenvironment-responsive polymers.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 523-527, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of HIV-1 genetic subtypes and pretreatment drug resistance (PDR) among men who have sex with men (MSM) from 19 cities of 6 provinces in China. Methods: From April to November 2019, 574 plasma samples of ART-naive HIV-1 infected MSM were collected from 19 cities in Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong provinces, total ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted and amplified the HIV-1 pol gene region by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after reverse transcription. Then sequences were used to construct a phylogenetic tree to determine genetic subtypes and submitted to the Stanford drug resistance database for drug resistance analysis. Results: A total of 479 samples were successfully amplified by PCR. The HIV-1 genetic subtypes included CRF01_AE, CRF07_BC, B, CRF55_01B, CRF59_01B, CRF65_cpx, CRF103_01B, CRF67_01B, CRF68_01B and unrecognized subtype, which accounted for 43.4%, 36.3%, 6.3%, 5.9%, 0.8%, 0.8%, 0.4%, 0.4%, 0.2% and 5.5%, respectively. The distribution of genetic subtypes among provinces is statistically different (χ2=44.141, P<0.001). The overall PDR rate was 4.6% (22/479), the drug resistance rate of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and protease inhibitors were 3.5% (17/479), 0.8% (4/479) and 0.2% (1/479), respectively. The PDR rate of recent infections was significantly higher than that of long-term infections (χ2=4.634, P=0.031). Conclusions: The HIV-1 genetic subtypes among MSM infected with HIV-1 from 19 cities of 6 provinces in China are diverse, and the distribution of subtypes is different among provinces. The overall PDR rate is low, while the PDR rate of recent infections was significantly higher than that of long-term infections, suggesting the surveillance of PDR in recent infections should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , Cities , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Genotype , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Seropositivity/drug therapy , HIV-1/genetics , Homosexuality, Male , Phylogeny , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Sexual and Gender Minorities
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 72-77, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935352

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence of HIV-1 infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) in key areas of China through HIV-1 limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA), analyze the deviation from the actual results and identify influencing factors, and provided reference for improving the accuracy of estimation results. Methods: Based on the principle of the cohort randomized study design, 20 cities were selected in China based on population size and the number of HIV-positive MSM. The sample size was estimated to be 700 according to the HIV-1 infection rate in MSM. MSM mobile phone app. was used to establish a detection appointment and questionnaire system, and the baseline cross-sectional survey was conducted from April to November 2019. LAg-Avidity EIA was used to identify the recent infected samples. The incidence of HIV-1 infection was calculated and then adjusted based on the estimation formula designed by WHO. The influencing factors were identified by analyzing the sample collection and detection processes. Results: Among the 10 650 blood samples from the participants, 799 were HIV-positive in initial screening, in which 198 samples (24.78%) missed during confirmation test. Only 621 samples were received by the laboratory. After excluding misreported samples, 520 samples were qualified for testing. A total of 155 samples were eventually determined as recent infection through LAg-Avidity EIA; Based on the estimation formula , the incidence of HIV-1 infection in MSM in 20 cities was 4.06% (95%CI:3.27%-4.85%), it increased to 5.53% (95%CI: 4.45%-6.60%)after the adjusting for sample missing rate. When the sample missing rate and misreporting rate were both adjusted, the incidence of HIV-1 infection in the MSM increased to 5.66% (95%CI:4.67%-6.65%). The actual incidence of HIV-1 infection in MSM in the 20 cities might be between 4.06% and 5.66%. Conclusions: Sample missing and misreporting might cause the deviation of the estimation of HIV-1 infection incidence. It is important to ensure the sample source and the quality of sample collection and detection to reduce the deviation in the estimation of HIV-1 infection incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV-1 , Homosexuality, Male , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Incidence , Sexual and Gender Minorities
16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 220-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a China-made disposable peroral cholangioscope in animal cholangioscopy.Methods:Six healthy Bama minipigs underwent the domestic disposable peroral cholangioscopy after anesthesia. The operation performance and image quality of the products were evaluated, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.Results:All 6 animals received the domestic disposable peroral cholangioscopy. The cholangioscope showed good operating performance and could smoothly enter the biliary tract through the duodenoscope. The water injection, suction and instrument channels were unobstructed. The cholangioscopic image was clear, the color resolution was good, and there was no image distortion. The lumen and the mucosal surface could be accurately assessed. During the examination, there was no operative injuries such as bleeding, perforation, or adverse events such as respiratory depression or cardiac arrest. All pigs survived the operation with no adverse reaction.Conclusion:The China-made disposable peroral cholangioscope is safe, with good operability and high-quality image.

17.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 229-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods:A total of 3 312 patients with COPD were selected from outpatients and inpatients in Department of Gerontal Respiratory Medicine of the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2016 to August 2020, including 1 103 patients in stable period and 2 209 patients in acute exacerbation period. According to body mass index (BMI), these COPD patients were divided into four groups: low weight (56 cases, 131 cases), normal weight (448 cases, 945 cases), overweight (424 cases, 773 cases) and obesity groups (175 cases, 360 cases) respectively in stable stage and in acute exacerbation stage. The lung function of inspiratory capacity (IC), vital capacity (VC), residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV 1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV 1/FVC, maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), DLCO normalized per liter alveolar volume (DLCO/VA), respiratory impedance (Zrs), respiratory resistance at 5 Hz (R5), respiratory resistance at 20 Hz (R20) and respiratory reactance at 5 Hz (X5) were measured using MasterScreen PFT in all patients, and the influence of BMI on lung function was analyzed respectively. The risk factors of impaired lung function were analyzed by ordered logistic regression with lung function grade as dependent variable and age, gender, smoking history, smoking index and BMI as independent variables (“%pred”represents the percentage of predicted value). Results:The proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ in acute exacerbation period (64.9%, 37%, 27.4%, 24.4%) was higher than that in stable stage (42.9%, 25.9%, 13.7%, 9.1%), while the proportion of patients with lung function grade Ⅰ in stable stage (21.4%, 34.2%, 38.2%, 40.0%) was higher than that in acute exacerbation period (7.6%, 20.0%, 25.4%, 22.8%) (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, VC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FVC%pred, FEV 1/FVC, MMEF%pred, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred and R20 in low weight group were significantly lower than other groups both in stable period and acute exacerbation period (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC was higher in low weight group than that of normal weight and overweight groups in both periods (all P<0.05). The IC%pred, FEV 1%pred, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, R5 and R20 in overweight and obesity groups were higher than those of normal weight group (all P<0.05). The RV/TLC, FEV 1/FVC, DLCO%pred, DLCO/VA%pred, Zrs, R5 and R20 in obesity group were higher than those of overweight group (all P<0.05). The ordered logistic regression analysis showed that low weight was independent risk factor for impaired lung function of COPD both in stable period [ OR (95% CI) 2.316 (1.206-3.554)] and acute exacerbation period [ OR (95% CI): 2.457 (1.647-3.669)]. Conclusion:Lower BMI has an adverse effect on lung function, and it is an independent risk factor for impaired lung function in COPD patients.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1593-1603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929433

ABSTRACT

The iron and inflammation homeostasis are closely coupled, forming an integrated functional unit under physiological conditions. "Iron transport balance" has become the key mechanism to maintain iron homeostasis through bidirectional regulation of iron uptake and release and dynamic management of transmembrane concentration. It is also the physiological basis for the inflammatory balance between promotion and resolution. Under pathological conditions, represented by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), disturbed iron transportation was highly involved in almost every step of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the iron transporting rebalancing provides the mechanistic basis and effective approach for the normalization of inflammatory microenvironment. Macrophage is the key regulator of inflammation homeostasis and determinant for iron transport balance. Unfortunately, the current clinical transformation based on iron transport balance theory has still been insufficient. Sometimes, this strategy even showed high complexity and contradiction, severely restricting its clinical application. By summarizing the theoretical research progress of iron transport balance, especially its relevance to macrophage phenotypic polarization, this review aims to explore the therapeutic value in inflammation intervention by targeting iron transporting balance. This review will provide the necessary knowledge and hints for the research and development of candidate drugs in treating inflammatory diseases.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 734-741, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression of microRNA (miR)-214-3p in plasma exosomes in different types of uveal melanoma (UM) and evaluate whether miR-214-3p is a potential molecular biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of UM.Methods:Twenty-five UM in situ patients who received the enucleation of eyeball were enrolled at Beijing Tongren Hospital from December 2015 to October 2019, including 10 with epithelioid cell melanoma and 10 with spindle cell melanoma as well as 5 metastatic UM patients (1 with spindle cell-like melanoma and 4 with epithelioid cell-like melanoma) and 10 healthy subjects were enrolled during the same period.Blood sample was collected from all the subjects for the isolation of plasma exosomes.The morphology of exosomes was examined under the electron microscope.The exsomal marker proteins were identified by Western blot.The expression level of miR-214-3p in plasma exosomes was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The differential expression of miR-214-3p among different types of UM patients and healthy controls was compared.The diagnostic and classification performance of exosomal miR-214-3p was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve.Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to entering the study cohort.This study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Capital Medical Univeristy (No.TRECKY2018-056).Results:The isolated exosomes were hemispherical in shape with a concavity on one side.The diameter of the exosomes was about 100 nm and the particle diameter of vesicles from samples was (82.0±2.7) nm.TSG101 protein was detectable and Calnexin protein was not found in the exosomes.The relative expression levels of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p in healthy control group, in situ UM group and metastatic UM group were 0.86(0.57, 1.49), 0.24(0.10, 0.67), and 0.43(0.23, 0.56), respectively.The miR-214-3p relative expression level in plasma exosomes of in situ UM patients and metastatic UM patients was significantly lower than that of healthy controls, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.62, P<0.01; Z=2.08, P<0.05). The relative expression levels of exosomal miR-214-3p in spindle cell-like UM group and epithelioid cell-like UM group were 0.11(0.07, 0.64) and 0.46(0.14, 0.91), respectively, and no significant difference was found in the expression level of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p among different types of UM (all at P>0.05). The area under the curve of plasma exosomal miR-214-3p for UM diagnosis was 0.795. Conclusions:Plasma exosomal miR-214-3p level is significantly reduced in both in situ UM patients and metastatic UM patients.Plasma exosomal miR-214-3p is a new potential diagnostic biomarker for UM, but the exosomal miR-214-3p appears to not be able to distinguish the types of UM.

20.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 348-352, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the outcome of asthma in young children after 3 years and the factors associated with the outcome.Methods:A total of 494 children aged 2 to 5 years with asthma diagnosed in 5 hospitals in Beijing from 2016 to 2017 were followed up by telephone using questionnaire survey.Information on the asthma attack, the disease control level, and the comorbidities of allergic diseases in the past 3 years was collected and analyzed.Results:Questionnaires were conducted in 387 children, including 261 males(67.4%)and 126 females(32.6%). Two hundred and forty-six patients(63.6%)had no any asthma symptom(remission) within 3 years, while 141 patients(36.4%)were found with asthma symptom(without remission). The main symptoms were as follows: wheezing in 116 cases(82.3%), recurrent cough in 59 cases(41.8%), shortness of breath in 45 cases(31.9%), chest tightness or waking up at night due to wheezing in 22 cases(15.6%). The causes of asthma attack were respiratory tract infection in 80 cases(56.7%), allergen exposure in 46 cases(32.6%), climate change or cold air stimulation in 59 cases(41.8%), strenuous exercise in 36 cases(25.5%), and irritating odor in 3 cases(2.1%). One-way anova analysis showed that significant difference( P<0.05)was respectively observed in age at follow-up, postnatal tobacco smoke exposure history, repeated respiratory tract infection before asthma onset, personal allergy history, snoring, allergic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis within 1 year, allergic conjunctivitis within 1 year between the remission group and without remission group.Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that tobacco exposure after birth, allergic rhinitis and allergic conjunctivitis within 1 year were independent risk factors for the continuation of asthma symptoms to school age( P<0.05). Conclusion:Till the school age, more than 1/3 children still had asthma symptom and the risk factors for the unalleviated symptom were postnatal tobacco exposure, allergic rhinitis within 1 year and allergic conjunctivitis within 1 year.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL