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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the composition characteristics of rhizosphere soil under <italic>Rehmannia glutinosa-Zea mays</italic> intercropping model,and screen out special signal substances in rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under intercropping <italic>Z. mays</italic>, so as to provide the basis for the study of allelopathic substances in continuous cropping obstacle of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>. Method:In this experiment,rhizosphere soils of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> under <italic>Z. mays </italic>intercropping and <italic>R. glutinosa </italic>single cropping models in July,August,September and October were taken as the research objects, and the volatile organic compounds in ethyl acetate fraction were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Principal component analysis (PCA), hierachical cluster analysis (HCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) analysis were performed on the data by SIMCA 14.1 to screen out potential differences in volatile organic compounds between the two models. Result:The types of volatile organic compounds in intercropping and single cropping models were mainly hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ketones, amides, acids and other substances. Specifically, the average relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in intercropping model were 58.46%,32.15% and 5.42% respectively,while the relative contents of hydrocarbons,esters and amides in single cropping model were 37.27%,36.11% and 21.13%. The results of PCA and HCA showed that the characteristics of volatile organic compounds in the ethyl acetate fraction of rhizosphere soil under intercropping and single cropping models could be clearly divided into two categories,the screening results of potential differential components based on OPLS-DA analysis indicated that various components, such as dibutyl phthalate,(<italic>Z</italic>)-9-oleamide,<italic>β</italic>-caryophyllene,dioctyl iso-phthalate, phthalate (2-propylamyl) diester, <italic>n</italic>-hexadecane,octodecane, <italic>n</italic>-heneicosane, were screened from rhizosphere soil under the two models. Conclusion:The <italic>R. glutinosa-Z. mays</italic> intercropping model has certain effects on the volatile organic compounds in the rhizosphere soil of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic>,and the effect of the selected components on the growth and quality characteristics of <italic>R. glutinosa</italic> still need to be further studied.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1056-1064, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytotoxic effect and its mechanism of the micromolecule compound on the leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#The cytotoxic effects of 28 Nilotinib derivatives on K562, KA, KG, HA and 32D cell lines were detected by MTT assays, and the compound Nilo 22 was screen out. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle on leukemia cells were detected by flow cytometry. The effect of compound screened out on leukemogenesis potential of MLL-AF9 leukemia mice GFP@*RESULTS@#Nilo 22 serves as the most outstanding candidate out of 28 Nilotinib derivatives, which impairs leukemia cell lines, but spares normal hematopoietic cell line. Comparing with Nilotinib, Nilo 22 could induce the apoptosis of GFP@*CONCLUSION@#Nilo 22 shows a significant cytotoxic effect on mice and human leukemia cells, especially for drug resistance cells. Nilo 22 is a promising anti-leukemia agent to solve the common clinical problems of drug resistance and relapse of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Leukemia , Mice , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein/genetics , Telomerase/metabolism , Telomere/metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the survival rate and the incidence of complications of very preterm infants and the factors influencing the survival rate and the incidence of complications.@*METHODS@#The medical data of the very preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology in 11 hospitals of Jiangsu Province in China from January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Their survival rate and the incidence of serious complications were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors for death and serious complications in very preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 339 very preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 2 010 (85.93%) survived and 1 507 (64.43%) survived without serious complications. The groups with a gestational age of 22-25@*CONCLUSIONS@#The survival rate is closely associated with gestational age in very preterm infants. A low 1-minute Apgar score (≤3) may increase the risk of death in very preterm infants, while high gestational age, high birth weight, and prenatal use of glucocorticoids are associated with the reduced risk of death. A low 5-minute Apgar score (≤3) and maternal chorioamnionitis may increase the risk of serious complications in these infants, while high gestational age and high birth weight may reduce the risk of serious complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888135

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the effects of planting density on the development, quality, and gene transcription characte-ristics of Rehmannia glutinosa using 85-5 and J9 as materials with three planting densities of 5 000, 25 000, and 50 000 plants/Mu(1 Mu≈667 m~2). The agronomic characteristics of leaves and tuberous roots, the content of catalpol and acteoside, and the changes of gene expression were determined. The results showed that the leaf size, the diameter of tuberous root, leaf biomass, tuberous root number, and tuberous root biomass per plant at low density were significantly higher than those of medium and high densities. The content of catalpol and acteoside in leaves was higher at high density. The content of catalpol in tuberous roots was higher at low density, and the change trend was similar to that in leaves, while the content of acteoside in tuberous roots was higher at high density. Transcriptome analysis found that about 1/2 of the expansin genes could change regularly in response to density treatment, which was rela-ted to the development of tuberous roots. The change trend of the gene expression of multiple catalytic enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of catalpol and acteoside was consistent with that of their content, which was presumedly involved in the accumulation and regulation of density-responsive medicinal components. Based on the analysis of the development, medicinal components, and gene expression characteristics of R. glutinosa at different densities, this study is expected to provide an important basis for regulating the quality and yield of medicinal materials of R. glutinosa by managing the planting density.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plant Roots/genetics , Rehmannia/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887951

ABSTRACT

NRT1 family proteins play an important roles for absorbing and transporting of nitrate in different plants. In order to identify the NRT1 family genes of Rehmannia glutinosa, this study used 11 NRT1 homologous proteins of Arabidopsis as probe sequences and aligned with the transcriptome data of R. glutinosa by using NCBI BLASTN software. Resulting there were 18 NRT1 proteins were identified in R. glutinosa. On basis of this, a series of the molecular characteristics of R. glutinosa NRT1 proteins including the conserved domains, the transmembrane structure, the subcellular location and phylogenetic features were in detail analyzed. At same time, it were systematically analyzed that the temporal and spatial expression patterns and characteristics of R. glutinosa NRT1 family genes in response to different stress factors. The results indicated that 18 R. glutinosa NRT1 family genes with the length of coding region from 1 260 bp to 1 806 bp, encoded proteins ranging from 419 to 601 amino acids, and all of they owned the domains of typical peptide transporter with 7 to 12 transmembrane domains. These R. glutinosa NRT1 family proteins mostly were found to locate on cellular plasma membrane, and belonged to the hydrophobic proteins. Furthermore, the evolutionary analysis found that the 18 R. glutinosa NRT1 protein family could be divided into two subfamilies, of which 14 NRT1 family genes might occur the positive selection, and 4 genes occur the passivation selection during the evolution process of R. glutinosa. In addition the expression analysis showed that 18 R. glutinosa NRT1 family genes have the distinct expression patterns in different tissues of R. glutinosa, and their expression levels were also obvious difference in response to various stress. These findings infield that 18 R. glutinosa NRT1 family proteins might have obviously different functional roles in nitrate transport of R. glutinosa. In conclusion, this study lays a solid theoretical foundation for clarifying the absorption and transport molecular mechanism of N element during R. glutinosa growth and development, and at same time for deeply studying the molecular function of R. glutinosa NRT1 proteins in absorption and transport of nitrate.


Subject(s)
Anion Transport Proteins , Membrane Transport Proteins , Nitrates , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Rehmannia/genetics , Transcriptome
6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1302-1305, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886896

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the risk factors of bronchial asthma in children with allergic rhinitis, and to provide evidence for the early diagnosis, treatment and prevention of asthma in children with allergic rhinitis.@*Methods@#Children with allergic rhinitis and children with allergic rhinitis and asthma, who attended the Allergy Clinic of the Capital Institute of Pediatrics from November 2019 to October 2020, were recruited for the study. Medical history, clinical characteristics, allergen types and risk factors were collected and analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 117 children with allergic rhinitis and 111 children with allergic rhinitis that subsequently developed into asthma were included. The results of the univariate analysis showed that the occurrence of asthma in children with allergic rhinitis was associated with the course of rhinitis, severity of rhinitis, type of rhinitis, seasonal onset, history of pet contact, family history of allergic diseases, mold, ragweed, dermatophagoides culinae and dust mite sensitization( χ 2=6.15, 8.79, 3.99, 9.44, 5.17, 4.43, 8.48, 10.38, 6.18, 5.31, P <0.05). The Logistic regression analysis showed that rhinitis severity( OR = 7.03 ), family history of allergic diseases( OR =8.24), mold( OR =5.19), and household dust mite sensitization ( OR =25.25) were positively correlated with the occurrence of asthma in children with allergic rhinitis( P <0.05), and dust mite sensitization was the strongest risk factor.@*Conclusion@#The development of asthma in children with allergic rhinitis is affected by many factors, among which the severity of rhinitis, family history of allergic diseases and dust mite sensitization are the most important factors.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 211-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the seizure recurrence and prognosis of epilepsy in relapse after anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) withdrawal, and the influencing factors for these conditions.Methods:From December 2009 to August 2018, patients from the Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University who relapsed after AEDs withdrawal were collected and followed up for at least 18 months. The seizure recurrence and prognosis of these patients were prospectively observed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. The associated risk factors of the second relapse in the enrolled patients were analyzed by multivariate Cox analysis. The included patients were divided into good prognosis group and poor prognosis group according to whether they had achieved seizure freedom for at least one year after the first relapse. A multivariate Cox regression model was used to analyze the independent risk factors affecting their prognosis.Results:A total of 56 patients with epilepsy in relapse after AEDS withdrawal were collected. The average follow-up period was 46.23 months (18-120 months) from the initial time of seizure recurrence, and 21 patients (37.5%) had the second seizure recurrence. The relapsing risk in patients who continued to be observed without adding AEDs was higher than those who were treated immediately with drugs [9/16 vs 30.0% (12/40)], but without statistically significant difference (χ2=2.220, P=0.071). The results of univariate analysis showed that focal seizures, seizure frequency more than once per month before remission and poly-drug therapy before AEDs withdrawal were associated with high risk of the second relapse. Poly-drug therapy was an independent risk factor for the second relapse by multivariate Cox analysis ( HR=3.383, 95% CI 1.257-9.105). Of the 56 patients with epilepsy in relapse after AEDs withdrawal, 47 patients (83.9%) had a good prognosis without seizure for at least one year, and of 33 patients who were followed up for three years or more, 26 (78.8%) had no seizure for at least two years. Between the group retreated immediately after the first recurrence and the group without immediate treatment [87.5% (35/40) vs 12/16],there were no statistically significant differences on the proportions of good prognosis (χ2=2.333, P=0.258). Univariate analysis showed that the course of epilepsy>6 months before initial treatment, the frequency of seizures>1/month before remission, symptomatic epilepsy and poly-drug therapy were associated with the poor prognosis. However, none of independent risk factors was found for the poor prognosis through the multivariate analysis. Conclusions:The prognosis of patients with epilepsy in relapse after AEDs withdrawal is well, and about 2/3 patients with epilepsy in relapse after AEDs withdrawal have no more seizure recurrences. The poly-drug therapy before AEDs withdrawal may be an independent risk factor for the second seizure relapse.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879088

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease(AD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disease with recent memory impairment as the main clinical manifestation and senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles as the main pathological changes. In recent years, the effect of microRNAs on AD has attracted widespread attention. Patients with AD have abnormal expression of miRNA, which is closed related to regulation of AD pathophysiology-related genes. Therefore, this paper first elaborated neuroprotective and toxic effects of microRNA in AD, and then explored relevant traditional Chinese medicines that can regulate miRNA in the treatment of AD, so as to provide basis for revealing the pathogenesis relationship between miRNA and AD and provide ideas for further development of anti-AD traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neurodegenerative Diseases
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828446

ABSTRACT

This study is a randomized controlled trial of Reyanning Mixture in the treatment of acute tonsillitis. According to the ratio of 1∶1∶1, a total of 144 patients were randomly divided into Reyanning Mixture group(RYN), Reyanning Mixture+Amoxicillin Capsules group(RYN+Amoxil) and Amoxicillin Capsules group(Amoxil), with 48 cases in each group, in order to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RYN alone or combined with Amoxil in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, and provided high-quality evidences for treatment of infectious diseases with traditional Chinese medicine and reduced use of antibiotics. The dosage of RYN was 20 mL, 3 times a day, 100 mL/bottle, oral for 7 days, and Amoxil dosage was 0.5 g, 3 times a day, 0.5 g×12 tablets/plate, oral for 7 days. A total of 144 cases were included, 3 cases were excluded(1 case was mistakenly included, 2 cases did not take drugs after inclu-ded), and a total of 141 cases were included in the full analysis set(FAS). The results showed statistical differences in the recovery time of the disease, the disappearance rate of fever on the 3 rd day and the disappearance rate of tonsillar redness and swelling between RYN and Amoxil. There were statistical differences in the cure rate of disease, recovery time of disease, body temperature recovery time, fever disappearance rate on the 3 rd day, pharynx swelling and pain disappearance rate and tonsil swelling disappearance rate between the RYN+Amoxil and Amoxil, but with no significant difference in the above aspects compared with RYN. The DDD of antibiotic use in RYN+Amoxil was significantly lower than that in Amoxil(P<0.01). According to the findings, when RYN was used alone in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, it was superior to Amoxil in time of recovery, short-term improvement of fever and redness and swelling of tonsil. Compared with RYN+Amoxil, there was no difference in cure rate of disease, recovery time of disease, body temperature recovery time, short-term improvement of fever, swelling of pharynx and swelling of tonsil, with a better efficacy than Amoxil. The clinical effect of RYN was similar to that of combined Amoxil in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, and RYN was superior to Amoxil in the time of recovery, short-term improvement of fever and redness and swelling of tonsil, with no adverse event or adverse reaction. RYN+Amoxil can significantly reduce the DDD value of antibiotics in the treatment of acute tonsillitis, with significant clinical advantages over Amoxil.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fever , Drug Therapy , Humans , Tonsillitis , Drug Therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825686

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occupational hazards and health status of laboratory staff in a lubricant research and development (R & D) laboratory, and to provide a basis for formulating occupational health protection measures for laboratory staff. Methods The types of occupational hazard factors in the laboratory were determined by field investigation of occupational health, and the concentrations or intensities of occupational hazard factors were obtained by on-site sampling and laboratory testing. The health status of laboratory staff was evaluated through occupational health examination. Results The main occupational hazards in the lubricant laboratory were benzene, toluene, xylene, pentane, hexane, heptane, ethylene glycol, methanol, isopropanol, chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, chloroform, aniline, oxolane, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide and noise. The test results showed that the hazard levels of all kinds of chemical toxicants met the national standards from 2017 to 2019. The sample test results were lower than the detection limit, which were 94.00%, 96.89% and 97.41%, respectively, from 2017 to 2019. There were no significant differences (χ2=4.324, P=0.115). Results of noise detection showed that the noise levels did not exceed the standard from 2017 to 2019. A laboratory worker with high-frequency hearing impairment was found through the medical examination in 2019. The re-examination rates of occupational health examination in 2017-2019 were 3.26%, 1.12% and 1.18%, respectively, and there were no significant differences (χ2=1.618, P=0.445). Conclusion The occupational hazards that the laboratory staff of the lubricant research and development was exposed to were characterized by a wide variety of chemical poisons, with low concentrations and low exposure levels. However, the occupational health examination should not be ignored.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821664

ABSTRACT

The demographic features, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of two cases with falciparum malaria imported into Suzhou City in 2019 were reported. These findings indicate a risk of imported malaria in visitors besides high prevalence in migrant labors, and much attention should be paid to children that are at a high risk of infections.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821632

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the morphological characteristics of Echinostoma miyagawai in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and to explore the feasibility of the cytochrome oxidase subunit-1 (Cox1) gene as a molecular marker for the identification of E. miyagawai. Methods E. miyagawai was isolated from free-ranged domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the parasites were stained and identified. In addition, the mitochondrial Cox1 gene of E. miyagawai was amplified using a PCR assay, and the amplification product was sequenced and aligned with the GenBank database to yield the homology for the identification of parasite species in combination with morphological findings. Intra-species comparison was done based on the Cox1 gene sequence. Results The prevalence of E. miyagawai infection was 16.67% in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the adult E. miyagawai was 6.6 to 13.2 mm in length. The size of the E. miyagawai Cox1 gene was approximately 660 bp, which had a 99.68% homology to the E. miyagawai accessed in GenBank. The morphological findings were in agreement with molecular identification. Conclusion E. miyagawai infection is common in domestic ducks in Wuhu area, and the mitochondrial Cox1 gene is a feasible marker of intra- and inter-species molecular identification of Echinostoma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1372-1376, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for drug resistance of urinary tract infections-causing Escherichia coli producing extended spectrum beta-Lactamases (ESBLs) in elderly people (≥65 years old),in order to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics in clinic.Methods Clinical data of elderly patients diagnosed as urinary tract infections in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.According to whether ESBLs were produced by Escherichia coli isolated from urine samples,the patients were divided into the ESBLs-producing E.Coli group (ESBLs group) and the control group.Single factor analysis was performed by Chi-square test.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli infections in urinary tract on the basis of statistical significance.Results A total of 452 strains of Escherichia coli were isolated,including 253 strains (55.97%)producing ESBLs,and 199 strains (44.03%) not producing ESBLs.The ureteral calculi (OR =2.675,95%CI:1.129-6.341),urinary obstructive diseases (≥ 2 kinds) (OR =8.680,95%CI:2.508-30.040),indwelling catheters (OR =5.762,95% CI:2.698-12.155),antibiotic treatment more than 2 weeks for urinary tract infections within one year (OR =3.461,95%CI:1.766-6.784)were independent risk factors for ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract infections.The incidence rate of Escherichia coli resistance to various antibiotics was higher in elderly patients with urinary tract infection than in non-elderly patients.Conclusions Escherichia coli producing ESBLs can be easily isolated from elderly patients with urinary tract obstructive diseases,indwelling catheters and repeated long-term administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics.The proportion of ESBLs Escherichia coli-caused urinary tract infections is higher in elderly patients.Thereby,carbapenems or piperacillin/tazobactam is the reasonable antibiotics.Ampicillin,piperacillin,levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin should not be the first choice for the treatment of urinary tract infections in the elderly.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817674

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the relationship between the miR- 132 expression in serum and cognitive deficits of OSA. 【Methods】 66 Chinese adults age 30 to 60 years old were enrolled and categorized into two groups based on Montreal Cognitive Assessment(MoCA)scores: OSA patients with cognitive impairment(OSAI,n=36),OSA patients without cognitive impairment(OSAN,n=30),and thirty adults without OSA as healthy control group(HC,n=30). Out- of- center cardiopulmonary sleep testing (OCST) and MoCA assessment were performed and the relative expression of miR-132 in serum was detected by PCR.【Results】No significant difference was observed in age,education,gender and hypertension(P>0.05). The relative expression level of miR-132 was significantly up-regulated in OSAI patient′s serum compared to the OSAN and HC patients (P<0.001),and had a positive correlation with MoCA score (r=- 0.726,P<0.001). ROC analyses showed that the areas under the curve(AUC)were statistically significant from the line of identity in OSA with cognitive impairment(AUC=0.935,95% CI:0.890- 0.981,P<0.001)and in OSA(AUC=0.787,95% CI:0.695-0.879,P<0.001).【Conclusions】Elevated serum miR-132 expression levels are closely related to the diagnosis of OSA and its cognitive dysfunction. Detection of serum miR- 132 may be a potential indicator of cognitive dysfunction and diagnosis in OSA patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743361

ABSTRACT

Purpose To describe the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and prognosis of secretory breast carcinoma (SBC). Methods Clinicopathological and follow-up data of six SBC patients were collected. Histopathologic analysis was performed on hematoxylin and eosinstained (HE) section. Immunohistochemical staining was performed by En Vision two-step method and ETV6 gene detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), then relevant literatures were reviewed. Results The ages of the patients ranged from 6 to 76 years with a mean age of 38.7 years, including one male and five female patients. The right breast was involved in 4 cases, and the left, in 2 cases. Five cases showed painless breast mass while one presented with a nipple discharge. The tumor size ranged from 1.0 to 3.1 cm with a mean size of 2.0 cm. Most of the tumors were circumscribed, solid gray white to light brown. Histologically, tumor showed solid nested microcystic, glandular or papillary pattern separating by hyaline fibrous tissue and growed in multiple nodular from. The cytoplasm contains abundant eosinophilic secretions or secretory vesicles. Immunhistochemistry, all cases were positive for CK7, S-100 and CEA, but negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR) and HER-2, and the proliferation index Ki-67 ranged from 10% to 40%. Molecular testing confirmed the presence of the EVT6 gene translocation in one case. Lumpectomy was performed in 2 cases and modified radical mastectomy in 4 cases, two of them had lymph node metastasis (3/15, 1/16). Five cases were followed up for 6 months to 20 years, 1 case had lung metastasis. Conclusion SBC is a rare breast tumor with relatively indolent clinical and good prognosis. It can be diagnosed according to typical pathological morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. The characteristic EVT6 gene translocation also has important differential diagnostic value.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1372-1376, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800384

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors for drug resistance of urinary tract infections-causing Escherichia coli producing extended spectrum beta-Lactamases (ESBLs) in elderly people (≥65 years old), in order to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics in clinic.@*Methods@#Clinical data of elderly patients diagnosed as urinary tract infections in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether ESBLs were produced by Escherichia coli isolated from urine samples, the patients were divided into the ESBLs-producing E. Coli group (ESBLs group) and the control group. Single factor analysis was performed by Chi-square test.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli infections in urinary tract on the basis of statistical significance.@*Results@#A total of 452 strains of Escherichia coli were isolated, including 253 strains (55.97%) producing ESBLs, and 199 strains (44.03%) not producing ESBLs. The ureteral calculi (OR=2.675, 95%CI: 1.129-6.341), urinary obstructive diseases (≥ 2 kinds) (OR=8.680, 95%CI: 2.508-30.040), indwelling catheters (OR=5.762, 95%CI: 2.698-12.155), antibiotic treatment more than 2 weeks for urinary tract infections within one year (OR=3.461, 95%CI: 1.766-6.784) were independent risk factors for ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract infections. The incidence rate of Escherichia coli resistance to various antibiotics was higher in elderly patients with urinary tract infection than in non-elderly patients.@*Conclusions@#Escherichia coli producing ESBLs can be easily isolated from elderly patients with urinary tract obstructive diseases, indwelling catheters and repeated long-term administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics. The proportion of ESBLs Escherichia coli-caused urinary tract infections is higher in elderly patients. Thereby, carbapenems or piperacillin/tazobactam is the reasonable antibiotics. Ampicillin, piperacillin, levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin should not be the first choice for the treatment of urinary tract infections in the elderly.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665329

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese medicinal recipe Psoriasis No.1 Formula in treating blood-heat type of psoriasis. Methods Eighty patients with blood-heat syndrome were randomly divided into trial group and control group,40 cases in each group. The trial group was given oral use of the decoction of Psoriasis No . 1 Formula (mainly composed of Radix Rehmanniae, Rhizoma Imperatae, Cortex Moutan,Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae,Radix Glycyrrhizae,Flos Sophorae,Radix Arnebiae seu Lithospermi, Radix Paeoniae Rubra, Folium Isatidis, Periostracum Cicadae, Radix Scutellariae, and Radix Angelicae Sinensis). The control group was given Compound Qingdai Capsules orally. The treatment for the two groups covered 8 weeks. Psoriasis Area Severity Index(PASI)scores,and contents of interleukin-17(IL-17)and tumor necrosis alpha (TNF-α)were observed before and after treatment. And clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups after treatment. Results (1) PASI scores of the two groups were significantly lowered after treatment(P < 0.01 compared with those before treatment),and the trial group had stronger effect on decreasing PASI scores than the control group(P<0.05).(2)The total effective rate of the trial group was 87.5%,higher than the control group(67.5%),but the difference was insignificant(P > 0.05). (3)After treatment , contents of IL-17 and TNF-α of the two groups were markedly decreased(P < 0.01 compared with those before treatment),but the difference was insignificant between the two groups(P > 0.05). (4)No severe adverse effect was found in the two groups during the treatment. Conclusion Chinese medicinal recipe Psoriasis No.1 Formula is effective and safe in treating blood-heat type of psoriasis, and its effect is superior to that of Compound Qingdai Capsules.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 103-107, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664479

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the protective effect of ginsenoside Re pretreatment on rats with isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial ischemia via JAK 2/STAT3 signaling pathway .Methods SD rat model with acute myocardial ischemia was established using isoprotere-nol.Seventy-five rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group, model group , puerarin group (PUE), high dose group (Re-H, 20 mg· kg -1) and Re low-dose group ( Re-L, 10 mg kg -1 ) .The blood flow on the heart surface of rats in each group was ob-served by moor laser blood flow imaging system .The levels of CK , LDH, SOD, MDA and GSH in myocar-dium were measured by ELISA .The expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 proteins were detected by immunohistochem-istry.The expressions of JAK , p-JAK, STAT3 and p-STAT3 proteins were detected by Western blot .Re-sults Compared with the control group , the mean blood flow on the heart surface of rats in the model group significantly decreased , the levels of CK , LDH and MDA in the myocardium increased , the levels of GSH and SOD decreased , the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax de-creased ( P <0.05 ) , and the expression of JAK 2/STAT3 pathway related proteins was enhanced ( P <0.05 ) . The mean blood flow on the heart surface markedly increased , the levels of CK , LDH and MDA decreased , the level of GSH-Px increased , the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax increased, and the expression of JAK2/STAT3 pathway proteins evidently increased in the Re-H group compared with those of the model group ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusion Ginsenoside Re pretreatment has a good protective effect on the myocardium in rats with acute myocardial ischemia , which may be related to the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712447

ABSTRACT

An information system for "Internet+" hierarchical diagnosis and treatment was constructed with pa-tients as its center,with clinical information system as its basis,and with solution of difficulties in implementation of "Internet+" hierarchical diagnosis and treatment as its guidance. Its three key modules, namely online service module,data center module and off-line management module,were designed and analyzed,which helps the preci-sion match of resources and demands for the"Internet+" hierarchical diagnosis and treatment,promotes the vertical flow of good medical resources and improves the grass-root service level and efficiency.

20.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 37-42, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the distribution and related factors of aggressive behavior among school aged children in Nanjing.Methods:Totally 4678 primary school students in Nanjing were sampled by cluster random sampling in this study.The General questionnaire and Achenbach's child Behavior Checklist were used to investi gate the general situation and aggressive behavior.Results:The rate of aggressive behavior of school-age children in Nanjing was 3.6 % (167/4678).Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that democratic parenting style [other parenting styles (OR =1.94,95% CI =1.10-3.42),mixed parenting style(OR =1.96,95% CI =1.35-2.85)],and genetic screening before birth (OR =0.71,95% CI =0.52-0.99) were protective factors for children's aggressive behavior.The factor figures of aggressive behavior were positively correlated with that of oth er behavior problems in Pearson correlation analysis (r =0.52-0.80,Ps <0.01).Conclusion:About 3.6% of the school aged children in Nanjing have aggressive behavior.It is more likely to have aggressive behaviors for children who is in other parenting styles except the democratic style and never have the genetic screening before birth.And children who with aggressive behavior may co-occur with other behavior problems.

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