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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880477

ABSTRACT

Reference interval study and clinical evaluation are crucial supportive researches to demonstrate the intended use of quantitative


Subject(s)
Indicators and Reagents , Reference Values
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors affecting hemorrhagic cystitis(HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 153 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2018 were selected and retrospectively analyzed. The incidence, median time and treatment outcome of HC should be observed. Multivariate analysis was used to observe the risk factors of HC in patients, including sex, age, diagnosis, disease status before transplantation, transplantation type, ATG and CTX in the pretreatment scheme, stem cell source, neutrophil and platelet implantation time; CMV, EBV and BKV infection, and acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD).@*RESULTS@#Among 153 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, 25 (16.34%) patients had HC, the median occurance time was 31 days, all patients achieved complete remission after treatment, no bladder irritation and bladder contracture were left. The results of univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the type of transplantation, ATG, CMV viremia before treatment, aGVHD (r=1.036, 3.234, 3.298 and 2.817, respectively) were the independent risk factors of HC.@*CONCLUSION@#The urinary BKV detections in the patients with HC are positive, mainly occured during the period from day +13 to days +56. HLA haplotype, pretreatment including ATG, and CMV viremia, and aGVHD are the independent risk factors for HC after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Cystitis/etiology , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate systematically the efficacy and safety of COVID-19 vaccines.@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrial.gov, CNKI, Wanfang Data, China Biomedical Literature Service System, and China Clinical Trial Registry were searched for randomized controlled trials of COVID-19 vaccines published up to December 31, 2020. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to assess the quality of studies. A qualitative analysis was performed on the results of clinical trials.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen randomized, blinded, controlled trials, which involved the safety and efficacy of 11 COVID-19 vaccines, were included. In 10 studies, the 28-day seroconversion rate of subjects exceeded 80%. In two 10 000-scale clinical trials, the vaccines were effective in 95% and 70.4% of the subjects, respectively. The seroconversion rate was lower than 60% in only one study. In six studies, the proportion of subjects who had an adverse reaction within 28 days after vaccination was lower than 30%. This proportion was 30%-50% in two studies and > 50% in the other two studies. Most of the adverse reactions were mild to moderate and resolved within 24 hours after vaccination. The most common local adverse reaction was pain or tenderness at the injection site, and the most common systemic adverse reaction was fatigue, fever, or bodily pain. The immune response and incidence of adverse reactions to the vaccines were positively correlated with the dose given to the subjects. The immune response to the vaccines was worse in the elderly than in the younger population. In 6 studies that compared single-dose and double-dose vaccination, 4 studies showed that double-dose vaccination produced a stronger immune response than single-dose vaccination.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of the COVID-19 vaccines appear to be effective and safe. Double-dose vaccination is recommended. However, more research is needed to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of the vaccines and the influence of dose, age, and production process on the protective efficacy.


Subject(s)
Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , China , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the indication, karyotyping result, ultrasound finding, pregnancy decision and follow-up of fetuses with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA) detected by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) during early and midterm pregnancies.@*METHODS@#The results of 225 singleton pregnancies with fetal SCA detected by NIPT were reviewed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 225 cases included 45,X (n=37), 47,XXY (n=74), 47,XXX (n=50), 47,XYY (n=56) and mosaicisms (n=8), among which 121 (53.8%) have opted to terminate the pregnancy, including 45,X (n=31), 47,XXY (n=61), 47,XXX (n=14), 47,XYY (n=12) and 3 mosaicisms. The remainder 104 (46.2%) have elected to continue with the pregnancy, among which three have opted to terminate due to abnormalities detected by ultrasonography, and two had spontaneous abortions.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT as a first-tier screening method can effectively detect fetal trisomies 21, 13 and 18 as well as SCA. The types of fetal SCA and presence of ultrasound abnormalities are critical factors for the termination of pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Down Syndrome , Female , Fetus , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Trisomy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906445

ABSTRACT

Psoraleae Fructus is the dried and mature fruit of the legume Psoralea corylifolia. It is warm in nature, pungent and bitter in flavor, and attributive to the kidney and spleen meridians. Its main effect include warming the kidney and assisting Yang, absorbing Qi and relieving asthma, warming the spleen and relieving diarrhea, etc., and it also can for external use of eliminating wind and freckle. Clinically, Psoraleae Fructus is mainly used for the treatment of impotence due to kidney deficiency, soreness of waist and knees, vitiligo, etc. The existing studies have shown that Psoraleae Fructus has a variety of pharmacological effect, such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, promoting bone growth and protecting cardiovascular. But at the same time, many studies at home and abroad have found that taking Psoraleae Fructus and its compounds for a long time or in large doses can cause liver toxicity, phototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, etc. The most common is liver toxicity, most of the clinical reports on the toxicity of psoralen are caused by drug-induced liver injury events, which limits the clinical use of Psoraleae Fructus and can't exert its proper therapeutic effect. Therefore, it is particularly important to fully understand the toxicological mechanism of liver injury caused by Psoraleae Fructus and its attenuation methods. In this paper, by consulting the domestic and foreign related literatures in recent years that reported the hepatotoxicity of Psoraleae Fructus, the four aspects of clinical report on liver injury, hepatotoxic components, toxicological mechanisms and attenuation methods of Psoraleae Fructus were reviewed, including bile acid stasis and oxidative stress. The hepatotoxicity of Psoraleae Fructus was discussed in terms of reaction, mitochondrial damage, liver fat deformation, etc., and the attenuation methods of Psoraleae Fructus were summarized from the aspects of compatibility attenuation and processing attenuation, aiming to comprehensively and objectively clarify Psoraleae Fructus. The potential toxicological mechanism of lipid-induced hepatotoxicity and research progress in attenuation were expected to provide a theoretical basis for further study of Psoraleae Fructus hepatotoxicity and clinical rational use of drugs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Cnidii Fructus hypnotic active components (CHC) on the behaviors of rats with p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA)-induced insomnia and melatonin (MT) synthesis rate-limiting enzyme arylalkylamine <italic>N</italic>-acetyltransferase (AANAT), and explore the protective mechanism of CHC on the pineal gland. Method:Male SD rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into a blank control group, a model group, a MT group, and high-, medium-, and low-dose CHC groups with 10 rats in each group. Except for the blank control group, other groups received 4.5% PCPA suspension at 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>, intragastric administration, for two consecutive days. After PCPA model of insomnia was established, normal and model groups were gavaged at the same volume of 2% Tween-80, MT control group (10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), CHC was high, medium and low (60, 30, 15 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup>, once a day, for consecutive 7 days. Four days after administration, open field, elevated cross maze, and pentobarbital sodium-induced sleep tests were conducted, respectively. Serum MT was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mRNA expression level of AANAT was determined by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expression of AANAT protein in the pineal gland was detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with the results in the blank control group, the total distance of open field activity and standing times and duration in the central area were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the proportions of open arm entry (OE%) and open arm time (OT%) were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the sleep latency was prolonged (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, no significant difference was observed in the low-dose CHC group, while other groups exhibited reduced total distance of activity (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated OE% (<italic>P</italic><0.05), shortened sleep latency, and prolonged sleep time (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the serum MT in the blank control group, that in the model group was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, no significant difference was observed in the low-dose CHC group, while other groups displayed increased serum MT (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The mRNA and protein expression of AANAT was decreased in the model group as compared with that in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the MT group and the high-dose CHC group showed up-regulated expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:CHC improved the behavioral indexes of PCPA-induced insomnia, increased the synthesis and secretion of MT in pineal cells, and elevated the serum MT level, which was related to the up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expression of AANAT in the pineal gland.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. Method:CBM,CNKI,WanFang Data,VIP,PubMed,The Cochrane Library,Embase and other databases were retrieved by computer to screen out randomized controlled trials of Tanreqing injection in the treatment of elderly chronic bronchitis. The retrieval time was from the establishment to December 2019. After two researchers independently screened out the literatures according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,extracted data and evaluated the literature quality,made meta-analysis using RevMan 5.3 software,and performed Egger test by Stata 14.0 software to evaluate publication bias. In case of any publication bias,clipping and supplementation method was further used to evaluate the effect of bias on the results. Result:A total of 48 studies were included,including 4 356 patients with diabetic nephropathy. The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional antibiotic therapy,the group of combination with Tanreqing injection was better than the control group in effective rate and lowering serum c-reactive protein (CRP) level,with statistically significant differences. The results of the publication bias test showed that a developmental bias in the effective rate. Further analysis based on the non-parametric clipping and supplementation method showed stable results of meta-analysis and no impact from potential publication bias. The adverse reactions had no statistically significance. Conclusion:This study shows that Tanreqing injection has a significant effect in treating chronic bronchitis in the elderly,and can reduce the serum CRP level of the patients. Compared with the conventional therapy group,the incidence of adverse reactions is not significantly increased,and the results need further clinical tests.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Adult , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2915-2923, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887853

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial peptides are the most promising alternatives to antibiotics. However, the strategy of producing antimicrobial peptides by recombinant technology is complicated and expensive, which is not conducive to the large-scale production. Oxysterlin 1 is a novel type of cecropin antimicrobial peptide mainly targeting on Gram-negative bacteria and is of low cytotoxicity. In this study, a simple and cost-effective method was developed to produce Oxysterlin 1 in Escherichia coli. The Oxysterlin 1 gene was cloned into a plasmid containing elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) and protein splicing elements (intein) to construct the recombinant expression plasmid (pET-ELP-I-Oxysterlin 1). The recombinant protein was mainly expressed in soluble form in E. coli, and then the target peptide can be purified with a simple salting out method followed by pH changing. The final yield of Oxysterlin 1 was about 1.2 mg/L, and the subsequent antimicrobial experiment showed the expected antimicrobial activity. This study holds promise for large-scale production of antimicrobial peptides and the in-depth study of its antimicrobial mechanism.


Subject(s)
Elastin , Escherichia coli/genetics , Inteins , Peptides/pharmacology , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors affecting the antiviral treatment efficacy of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients.Methods:A total of 107 patients diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the clinic of Beihai People′s Hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 were selected.The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they voluntarily accepted traditional Chinese medicine treatment, including treatment group who received highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and traditional Chinese medicine prescription of Ping Gan Jie Du (42 cases), and control group who were only treated with HAART (65 cases). The virological and immunological responses were compared between the two groups at 48 weeks of treatment. The interleukin-28B (IL-28B) rs12979860 genotypes were measured by using the direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of antiviral efficacy in AIDS patients.Comparison between groups was performed by independent sample t test、matched sample t test or chi-square test. Results:At week 48 of treatment, 41 (97.62%) of the 42 patients in the HAART plus Ping Gan Jie Du group obtained virological response, while 58 (89.23%) of the 65 patients in the HAART group alone acquired virological response, which was not significantly different ( χ2=0.100, P>0.05). The numbers of CD4 + T lymphocytes increased at week 48 of treatment in the HAART plus Ping Gan Jie Du group and HAART group were (244.32±101.83)/μL and (211.56±112.50)/μL, respectively. The was no statistically significant difference ( t=1.522, P>0.05). Among the 92 patients with IL-28B CC genotype, 88 (95.65%) acquired virological response, while 11 of the 15 patients with non-IL-28B CC genotype acquired virological response, which was not significantly different ( χ2=0.394, P>0.05). And CD4 + T lymphocytes in patients with IL-28B CC genotype increased ((229.72±101.17)/μL), which was higher than that without IL-28B CC genotype ((173.40±89.64)/μL), with statistically significant difference ( t=2.028, P=0.045). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that baseline CD4 + T lymphocyte count≤200/μL, IL-28B CC genotype, and treatment plan including protease inhibitor were helpful to improve the antiviral efficacy. Conclusion:Baseline CD4 + T lymphocyte count ≤200/μL, IL-28B CC genotype, and protease inhibitor in HAART regimen are the influencing factors of antiviral efficacy in AIDS patients.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1658-1661, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922312

ABSTRACT

Lyophilized plasma has a certain advantage in emergency situation, such as war wound treatment. However, lyophilized plasma has two major problems, plasma pathogen pollution and mass loss after lyophilized. Studies have shown that plasma pathogen inactivation technology targeting pathogen envelope or nucleic acid can ensure its safety, and adding citric acid and glycine to plasma can effectively maintain pH and protein activity of plasma after reconstitution. At present, there are three kinds of lyophilized plasma products on the market abroad, but none for China. Therefore, understanding the research progress of lyophilized plasma may contribute to the development of similar products in China.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Plasma , Technology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921933

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential related factors of falls and provide a reference plan for preventing falls for the middle-aged and elderly people.@*METHODS@#From November 2017 to July 2018, a total of 1 642 middle-aged and elderly people from 10 communities in @*RESULTS@#A total of 1 540 subjectswere included, including, 415 men and 1 125 women. Their average age was(63.02±7.15) years. The incidence of falls in recent one year was 12.14%(187 / 1 540). According to @*CONCLUSION@#For middle aged and elderly people, avoiding heavy drinking, eating more eggs, vegetables, and active strength exercise can effectively prevent falls. And people with family history of fracture and diabetes should pay more attention to the prevention of falls.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921655

ABSTRACT

Mongolians have a long history of using prescriptions, which can be classified into four stages as follows: the germination and experience accumulation stage before the 13 th century, the theoretical formation stage from the 13 th to 16 th century, the rapid development stage from the 17 th to 20 th century, and the leaping development stage from the mid-20 th century to the present. The prescriptions from the ancient classical or representative medical books have always been used by Mongolian physicians for generations, and they are still in use due to the definite curative effects. In 2008, the Notice on Issuing the Supplementary Provisions to the Registration and Management of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) described that China has attached more importance to the excavation and development of classical prescriptions. As stipulated in the Law of the People's Republic of China on Traditional Chinese Medicine, the classical prescriptions should be those available in ancient TCM classics and still in wide use, with exact curative effects, distinct features, and obvious advantages. This paper expounded the historical formation and development of classical prescriptions in Mongo-lian medicine, introduced the five most influential ancient medical books revealing the formation and development of these classic prescriptions, and traced the origin of such classical prescriptions as Wenguanmu Siwei Decoction, Shouzhangshen Bawei Decoction, Jianghuang Siwei Decoction and summarized the origin, development history and characteristics of classical prescriptions in Mongolian medicine, aiming to provide a reference for their further research and development.


Subject(s)
Books , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, Mongolian Traditional , Prescriptions
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920747

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures in Changzhou City from 2015 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the formulation of the strategy used to consolidate the schistosomiasis elimination achievements. Methods The annual schistosomiasis control working report and integrated schistosomiasis control data were collected in Changzhou City from 2015 to 2020, and the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and livestock and snail status were analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures. Results During the period from 2015 to 2020, a total of 112 061 person-time individuals received serological tests for S. japonicum infections in Changzhou City, and the sero-prevalence was 0.15% to 1.09% during the 6-year period, with a significant difference seen among years (χ2 = 288.11, P < 0.05). From 2015 to 2020, a total of 13 435 person-time individuals received stool examinations, with no egg-positives identified; among 5 840 herd-time livestock receiving schistosomiasis examinations, no positives were detected, while a 100% coverage of fencing livestock was seen each year. During the 6-year period, a total of 38.40 hm2 snail habitats were found, including 8.97 hm2 emerging snail habitats, and among the 2 344 snails dissected, no S. japonicum infection was found. Chemical treatment covered an area of 385.71 hm2, and environmental improvements covered an area of 200.39 hm2. The mean density of living snails was less than 0.1 snails/0.1 m2 in snail habitats found in Changzhou City each year from 2015 to 2020, and the coverage of harmless toilets was 100% in 2020. During the 6-year period, a total of 3.740 6 million person-time individuals were given schistosomiasis health education in Changzhou City. Conclusions Changzhou City is now at the post-elimination surveillance stage; however, there are still factors affecting schistosomiasis transmission. The schistosomiasis surveillance system remains to be improved to consolidate the schistosomiasis elimination achievements in Changzhou City.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817253

ABSTRACT

Background: Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans. Methods: We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Jin Yin-tan Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed. Results: Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8–99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6–87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor. Conclusion: A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.

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