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2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 238-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996526

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the most prevalent gastrointestinal tumor in China, threatening the life and health of patients. Surgery is one of the available therapies, which, however, induces postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) and other common complications. The pathogenesis of PGD is still unclear and no efficient targeted drug is available. In addition, the limited treatment measures fail to effectively improve gastrointestinal function. As a result, patients generally suffer from low quality of life and poor prognosis. In Chinese medicine, PGD belongs to the categories of "vomiting", "stuffiness and fullness", "regurgitation", "abdominal distension", "intestinal impediment", and "intestinal accumulation". In recent years, there has been an explosion of research on the PGD of gastric cancer in Chinese medicine, and many research results have been obtained. On this basis, this study introduced PGD in modern medicine, and causes and pathogenesis, syndrome differentiation-based treatment, and clinical studies of PGD. It was found that diverse internal and external treatments are available in Chinese medicine for PGD such as internal use of Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine enema, auricular point seed-embedding, acupuncture, and moxibustion, which feature ease of implementation, small side effects, definite efficacy, and significant effect in combination with other therapies. This paper summarized the ideas and measures for treatment of PGD of gastric cancer by Chinese medicine, the research outcomes, limitations, and research directions, which can serve as a reference for further research on treatment of PGD of gastric cancer by Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 17-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of total laparoscopic surgery vs. open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients undergoing laparoscopic radical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma and 42 patients by open surgery from Mar 2017 to Mar 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference in demographics, Bismuth classification and excision extension between the two groups (all P>0.05). The laparoscopic surgery used longer time ( t=-1.366, P<0.05). The intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph node dissection and postoperative hospital stay favored laparoscopic method( t=0.043, t=0.026, t=-1.852, P<0.05). R 0 radical resection rate,postoperative complications were also in favor of laparoscopic surgery ( χ2=3.216, χ2=2.566, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative pathology and in hospital expenses (all P>0.05). The 1- and 3-year survival rate of the laparoscopic group was superior (all P<0.05). Conclusions:In spite of longer operational time,patients in laparoscopic hilar cholangiocarcinoma radical resection group have shorter postoperative in hospital stay and longer postoperative survival time.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 491-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005282

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe major depressive disorder has high prevalence among adolescents, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors frequently occur among patients, therefore, major depressive disorder in adolescents has become the researching focus. ObjectiveTo explore the effect of mentalization-based family therapy (MBFT) on depressive symptoms and NSSI behavior in adolescents with major depressive disorder, and to provide references for the rehabilitation of major depressive disorder in adolescents. MethodsA total of 90 adolescent patients with major depression disorder who met the diagnostic criteria of International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition (ICD-10) for depressive disorders and attended Wuhan Mental Health Center from January to December 2022 were selected, and were assigned into study group (n=44) and control group (n=46) using random number table method. All participants received routine intervention, based on this, study group added a 60-minute MBFT intervention once a week for 8 weeks. Before the intervention and at the end of 1st, 2nd,4th and 8th week,the two groups were assessed using Hamilton Depression Scale-24 item (HAMD-24), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Ottawa Self-injury Inventory (OSI). ResultsThe repeated measures analysis of variance reported a statistical main effect of time, main effect of group, and interaction effect between time and group at the baseline and the end of 1st, 2nd, 4th and 8th week of treatment in HAMD-24 score (F=69.621, 15.428, 29.623, P˂0.05), OSI score (F=176.642, 37.682, 21.873, P˂0.05), GSES score (F=215.236, 57.421, 27.857, P˂0.05) and PSQI score (F=268.541, 61.863, 33.867, P˂0.05). Individual effect analysis discovered a statistical difference between study group and control group at the end of 2nd, 4th and 8th week of treatment in HAMD-24 score (t=5.567, 8.645, 6.233, P˂0.01), OSI score (t=3.675, 11.817, 9.632, P˂0.01), GSES score (t=23.462, 31.709, 12.750, P˂0.01) and PSQI score (t=9.664, 22.457, 9.333, P˂0.01). ConclusionMBFT may improve depressive symptoms, NSSI behavior, sleep quality and self-efficacy in adolescents with major depressive disorder. [Funded by 2022 Natural Science Foundation Project of Hubei Province (number, 2022CFB483)]

5.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 353-358, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004962

ABSTRACT

  Objective  By summarizing the clinical characteristics and follow-up outcomes of 5 patients with immune checkpoint inhibitor induced diabetes mellitus (ICI-DM) and reviewing the relevant literatures, the article aims at providing reference to clinicians in the diagnosis and treatment of the ICI-DM.  Methods  Clinical data of 5 patients with ICI-DM who were admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2018 to February 2023 and did retrospectively analyzed.  Results  Five patients with a mean age of (65±7)years received treatment by the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) or its ligand inhibitor (PD-L1). The median time from the first immunotherapy to the discovery of elevated plasma glucose was 100 (43, 210)days, and the median cycle of immunotherapy was 7 (2.5, 10.5). The onset of the illness of all the 5 patients started with diabetic ketosis or ketoacidosis. At the onset, urine ketone bodies were positive, random plasma glucose was (36.36±15.89)mmol/L, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)was (8.6%±0.66%), arterial blood pH was (7.28±0.16), and the median fasting C-peptide level was 0.09 (0.05, 0.32)μg/L. Five patients had an onset plasma glucose level of grade 3 or 4.Then, ICI treatment was discontinued in all patients and insulin therapy started. The daily dosage of insulin was (56±20)IU, supplemented with hypoglycemic drugs. After treatment, urine ketone body turned negative, pH value increased to normal range, and random plasma glucose decreased significantly (the median difference of random blood glucose before and after treatment was 21.30 mmol/L, P=0.043) showing that the treatment was effective. During the follow-up, all patients continued to use insulin. The PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors were restarted after hyperglycemia remission. The tumor condition was under control.  Conclusions  ICI-DM mainly occurs in patients who receive treatment with PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors usually with acute hyperglycemia whose laboratory tests indicate insulin secretion defects. Some patients had positive islet cell antibodies, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies and autoantibodies.Patients with positive autoantibodies needed early diagnosis and continuous insulin treatment. ICI treatment can be restarted after endocrinologists brought the blood glucose under control.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 268-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013897

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the reversal effect of albiflorin(AL)on multidrug resistance of human ovarian cancer and the potential mechanism. Methods The drug resistance reversal effect of AL on SKOV3/DDP cells was detected by CCK-8 kit,and the effect of AL on P-glycoprotein(P-gp)function was detected by flow cytometry. The effects of AL on MYC,WWP1 and ABCB1 in SKOV3/DDP cells were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. The MYC-knockdown SKOV3/DDP cell line was constructed by RNA interference technology,and its drug resistance,P-gp function and related gene and protein expression changes were investigated. Results AL had a drug resistance reversal effect on SKOV3/DDP cells and a concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on P-gp function. The inhibitory effects of AL 25,50 and 100 μmol·L-1 on ABCB1/P-gp,MYC and WWP1 were gradually enhanced. The inhibitory effect of MYCi975,a MYC inhibitor,on ABCB1/P-gp,MYC and WWP1 was stronger than or equivalent to that of AL 100 μmol·L-1 group. After knockdown of MYC in SKOV3/DDP cells,cell drug resistance,P-gp function,and related gene and protein expression were inhibited. Conclusions The drug resistance reversal effect of AL on SKOV3/DDP cells may be related to the inhibition of P-gp function and the expression of ABCB1/P-gp,MYC and WWP1,which provides an experiment base for the development of AL as a drug resistance reversal agent for the clinical treatment of ovarian cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 543-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985906

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and short-term prognosis of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated acute encephalopathy (AE). Methods: Retrospective cohort study. The clinical data, radiological features and short-term follow-up of 22 cases diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection associated AE in the Department of Neurology, Beijing Children's Hospital from December 2022 to January 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into cytokine storm group, excitotoxic brain damage group and unclassified encephalopathy group according to the the clinicopathological features and the imaging features. The clinical characteristics of each group were analyzed descriptively. Patients were divided into good prognosis group (≤2 scores) and poor prognosis group (>2 scores) based on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of the last follow-up. Fisher exact test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. Results: A total of 22 cases (12 females, 10 males) were included. The age of onset was 3.3 (1.7, 8.6) years. There were 11 cases (50%) with abnormal medical history, and 4 cases with abnormal family history. All the enrolled patients had fever as the initial clinical symptom, and 21 cases (95%) developed neurological symptoms within 24 hours after fever. The onset of neurological symptoms included convulsions (17 cases) and disturbance of consciousness (5 cases). There were 22 cases of encephalopathy, 20 cases of convulsions, 14 cases of speech disorders, 8 cases of involuntary movements and 3 cases of ataxia during the course of the disease. Clinical classification included 3 cases in the cytokine storm group, all with acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE); 9 cases in the excitotoxicity group, 8 cases with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures and late reduced diffusion (AESD) and 1 case with hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia syndrome; and 10 cases of unclassified encephalopathy. Laboratory studies revealed elevated glutathione transaminase in 9 cases, elevated glutamic alanine transaminase in 4 cases, elevated blood glucose in 3 cases, and elevated D-dimer in 3 cases. Serum ferritin was elevated in 3 of 5 cases, serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurofilament light chain protein was elevated in 5 of 9 cases, serum cytokines were elevated in 7 of 18 cases, and CSF cytokines were elevated in 7 of 8 cases. Cranial imaging abnormalities were noted in 18 cases, including bilateral symmetric lesions in 3 ANE cases and "bright tree appearance" in 8 AESD cases. All 22 cases received symptomatic treatment and immunotherapy (intravenous immunoglobulin or glucocorticosteroids), and 1 ANE patient received tocilizumab. The follow-up time was 50 (43, 53) d, and 10 patients had a good prognosis and 12 patients had a poor prognosis. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, biochemical indices, and duration of illness to initiate immunotherapy (all P>0.05). Conclusions: SARS-CoV-2 infection is also a major cause of AE. AESD and ANE are the common AE syndromes. Therefore, it is crucial to identify AE patients with fever, convulsions, and impaired consciousness, and apply aggressive therapy as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cytokine Release Syndrome , COVID-19/complications , SARS-CoV-2 , Brain Diseases/etiology , Prognosis , Seizures , Cytokines
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 976-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of viral infections in children with diarrhea in Beijing from 2018 to 2022. Methods: Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect viral nucleic acid of Norovirus (NoV), Sappovirus (SaV), Astrovirus (AstV), Enteric Adenovirus (AdV) or antigen of Rotavirus (RV) in 748 stool samples collected from Beijing Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2018 to December 2021. Subsequently, the reverse transcription PCR or PCR method was used to amplify the target gene of the positive samples after the initial screening, followed by sequencing, genotyping and evolution analysis, so as to obtain the characteristics of these viruses. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0. Results: From 2018 to 2021, the overall detection rate of the above five common viruses was 37.6%(281/748)in children under 5 years old in Beijing. NoV, Enteric AdV and RV were still the top three diarrhea-related viruses, followed by AstV and SaV, accounting for 41.6%, 29.2%, 27.8%, 8.9% and 7.5%, respectively. The detection rate of co-infections with two or three diarrhea-related viruses was 4.7% (35/748). From the perspective of annual distribution, the detection rate of Enteric AdV was the highest in 2021, while NoV was predominant in the other 4 years. From the perspective of genetic characteristics, NoV was predominant by GⅡ.4, and after the first detection of GⅡ.4[P16] in 2020, it occupied the first two gene groups together with GⅡ.4[P31]. Although the predominant RV was G9P[8], the rare epidemic strain G8P[8] was first detected in 2021. The predominant genotypes of Enteric AdV and AstV were Ad41 and HAstV-1. SaV was sporadic spread with a low detection rate. Conclusion: Among the diarrhea-related viruses infected children under 5 years of age in Beijing, the predominant strains of NoV and RV have changed and new sub-genotypes have been detected for the first time, while the predominant strains of AstV and Enteric AdV are relatively stable.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Beijing/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Feces , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Rotavirus/genetics , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Viruses/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 193-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962641

ABSTRACT

Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules are made from decoction pieces by decocting, extracting, separating, concentrating, drying and granulating, which have the advantages of simple dispensing, convenient use and easy to take without decoction. However, because Dioscoreae Rhizoma is rich in starch and mucus components, its extract powder and formula granules are poorly soluble and difficult to dissolve or disperse completely within 5 min, and the insoluble material is difficult to dissolve completely even after 24 h in water, which affects the quality evaluation of the formula granules and medication psychology of patients. Therefore, by studying the dissolution process and mechanism of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract and its formula granules, it was found that the special chemical composition of Dioscoreae Rhizoma, the denaturation of starch and its compounding with protein and other substances during the high temperature extraction process, and the contraction of coating membrane during the spray drying process were combined to form the special microstructure of coating membrane covering starch granules, and it is the root cause of poor solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules. Based on the research on the structure, property and function of the powder, this paper proposed a technical strategy to improve the solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules by powder modification process, and experimentally demonstrated that the modified Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules could completely dissolve within 2 min, which solved the technical problem and could provide reference for the improvement of solubility of other similar varieties, and promote the high-quality development of traditional Chinese medicine formula granule industry.

10.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 360-368, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982508

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthi Fructus is a highly unique medicine and food homologous item, which exhibits distinctive flavor, notable nutritional value, and abundant pharmacological activity. It has enormous potential in the creation of health products and pharmaceuticals. However, due to the unique laws of quality formation and transfer of Phyllanthi Fructus, its appearance, shape, chemical compositions, nutrients, and sensory flavors are frequently greatly influenced by botanical resources, the processing and storage conditions. As a result, the current quality evaluation model is difficult to meet the needs of Phyllanthi Fructus as a medicine and food homologous item in the development of diversified products. This paper constructs the hierarchical utilization mode of Phyllanthi Fructus based on its unique quality formation and transmission laws, explores the quality evaluation model for food-oriented use and medicinal-oriented use, respectively, and systematically describes the quality evaluation idea under diversified application scenarios. This paper aims to serve as a reference for the construction of a quality evaluation model suitable for the medicine and food homologous item of Phyllanthi Fructus.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 517-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970488

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC) has made great progress, but chemoresistance is still one of the main reasons for reducing the survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore, ameliorating chemotherapy resis-tance is an urgent problem to be solved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory role and related molecular mechanisms of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) in colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemoresistance. In this study, HCT116 and HT-29 cells were used as research subjects. Firstly, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay and colony formation assay were used to detect and analyze the effect of HSYA on the proliferation of CRC cells. Secondly, the effect of HSYA on the cell cycle in CRC cells was analyzed by cell cycle assay. Furthermore, the effect of HSYA on the migration of CRC cells was analyzed by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay. Based on the above, the influences of HSYA on 5-FU chemoresistance of CRC cells and related molecular mechanisms were explored and analyzed. The results showed that HSYA significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC cells, and arrested the cell cycle in G_0/G_1 phase. In addition, HSYA significantly ameliorated the chemoresistance of CRC cells to 5-FU. The results of acridine orange staining and Western blot showed that the autophagy activity of CRC cells in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the 5-FU single drug treatment group. As compared with the 5-FU single drug treatment group, the phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B(Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group were significantly reduced, indicating that the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in the combined treatment group was down-regulated in CRC cells. In conclusion, HSYA may upregulate autophagy activity through the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of CRC cells and ameliorating the chemoresistance to 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Autophagy , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2757-2766, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981379

ABSTRACT

In this study, the crude polysaccharides was extracted from Shengfupian and purified by Sevag deproteinization. Then, the purified neutral polysaccharide fragment was obtained by the DEAE-52 cellulose chromatography column and Sephadex G-100 co-lumn. The structure of polysaccharides was characterized by ultraviolet spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, ion chromatography, and gel permeation chromatography. To investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of Shengfupian polysaccharides, LPS was used to induce inflammation in RAW264.7 cells. The expression of the CD86 antibody on surface of M1 cells, the function of macrophages, and the content of NO and IL-6 in the supernatant were examined. An immunodepression model of H22 tumor-bearing mice was established, and the immunomodulatory activity of Shengfupian polysaccharides was evaluated based on the tumor inhibition rate, immune organ index and function, and serum cytokine levels. Research indicated that Shengfupian polysaccharides(80 251 Da) was composed of arabinose, galactose, glucose, and fructose with molar ratio of 0.004∶0.018∶0.913∶0.065. It was smooth and lumpy under the scanning electron microscope. In the concentration range of 25-200 μg·mL~(-1), Shengfupian polysaccharides exhibited little or no toxicity to RAW264.7 cells and could inhibit the polarization of cells to the M1 type and reduce the content of NO and IL-6 in the cell supernatant. It could suppress the phagocytosis of cells at the concentration of 25 μg·mL~(-1), while enhancing the phagocytosis of RAW264.7 cells within the concentration range of 100-200 μg·mL~(-1). The 200 mg·kg~(-1) Shengfupian polysaccharides could alleviate the spleen injury caused by cyclophosphamide, increase the levels of IL-1β and IL-6, and decrease the level of TNF-α in the serum of mice. In conclusion, Shengfupian polysaccharides has anti-inflammatory effect and weak immunomodulatory effect, which may the material basis of Aconm Lateralis Radix Praeparaia for dispelling cold and relieving pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Interleukin-6/genetics , Cytokines/metabolism , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Infrared
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2212-2221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981352

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of resveratrol(RES) combined with irinotecan(IRI) in the treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC). The targets of RES, IRI, and CRC were obtained from databases, and the targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were acquired by Venn diagram. The protein functional cluster analysis, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed. In addition, the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed. The core target genes were screened out and the target-signaling pathway network was set up. IGEMDOCK was used to dock the core target gene molecules. Besides, the relationship between the expression level of key target genes and the prognosis and immune infiltration of CRC was analyzed. Based on the in vitro cell experiment, the molecular mechanism of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC was explored and analyzed. According to the results, 63 potential targets of RES combined with IRI were obtained for CRC treatment. Furthermore, cluster analysis revealed that protein functions included 23% transmembrane signal receptors, 22% protein modifying enzymes, and 14% metabolite converting enzymes. GO analysis indicated that BPs were mainly concentrated in protein autophosphorylation, CCs in receptor complex and plasma membrane, and MFs in transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity. Moreover, KEGG signaling pathways were mainly enriched in central carbon metabolism in cancer. The key targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R, all of which were significantly positively correlated with the immune infiltration of CRC. As shown by the molecular docking results, PIK3CA had the most stable binding with RES and IRI. Compared with the results in the control group, the proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression of CRC cells in the RES-treated group, the IRI-treated group, and the RES+IRI treated group significantly decreased. Moreover, the cell proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression level of CRC cells in the RES+IRI treated group were remarkably lower than those in the IRI-treated group. In conclusion, PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R are the key targets of RES combined with IRI in CRC treatment. In addition, RES can inhibit the proliferation of CRC cells and improve IRI chemoresistance by downregulating the EGFR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irinotecan , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Resveratrol , Molecular Docking Simulation , ErbB Receptors/genetics
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2138-2145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981345

ABSTRACT

The powder modification technology was used to improve the powder properties and microstructure of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder, thereby solving the problem of poor solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules. The influence of modifier dosage and grinding time on the solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder was investigated with the solubility as the evaluation index, and the optimal modification process was selected. The particle size, fluidity, specific surface area, and other powder properties of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder before and after modification were compared. At the same time, the changes in the microstructure before and after modification was observed by scanning electron microscope, and the modification principle was explored by combining with multi-light scatterer. The results showed that after adding lactose for powder modification, the solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder was significantly improved. The volume of insoluble substance in the liquid of modified Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder obtained by the optimal modification process was reduced from 3.8 mL to 0 mL, and the particles obtained by dry granulation of the modified powder could be completely dissolved within 2 min after being exposed to water, without affecting the content of its indicator components adenosine and allantoin. After modification, the particle size of Dioscoreae Rhizoma extract powder decreased significantly, d_(0.9) decreased from(77.55±4.57) μm to(37.91±0.42) μm, the specific surface area and porosity increased, and the hydrophilicity improved. The main mechanism of improving the solubility of Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules was the destruction of the "coating membrane" structure on the surface of starch granules and the dispersion of water-soluble excipients. This study introduced powder modification technology to solve the solubility problem of Dioscoreae Rhizoma formula granules, which provided data support for the improvement of product quality and technical references for the improvement of solubility of other similar varieties.


Subject(s)
Powders , Solubility , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Technology , Plant Extracts , Particle Size
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1347-1353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978703

ABSTRACT

A dry suspension of Indigo Naturalis (IN) based on lactose-IN composite particles was designed by powder modification technology to meet the clinical needs of IN. The contact angle was used as an evaluation index to investigate the effects of the type of modifier lactose, the amount of lactose, and the co-grinding time of lactose and IN on the hydrophilicity of IN. The difference between IN before and after modification was compared through physical properties such as particle size and scanning electron microscope, as well as hydrophilic properties such as surface free energy and multiple light scattering. The optimal process of lactose-IN composite particles is as follows: after lactose is ground alone for 2 minutes, it is co-ground with IN at a ratio of 1∶1 for 6 minutes. The results of the investigation of powder properties show that the particle size d0.9 of IN is reduced from 112.75 μm to 87.30 μm after modification. The BET and Langmuir specific surface areas decreased by 8.661 m2·g-1 and 12.512 m2·g-1, respectively. SEM shows that lactose is attached to the surface of modified IN (MIN); surface element analysis shows that Si, Ca, and Mg elements of MIN are smaller than IN, and O elements are larger. The infrared spectrum shows that the MIN possesses the characteristic peaks of both IN and lactose. Compared MIN with IN, the contact angle and the non-polar surface free energy decreased by 35.1° and 9.975 mJ·m-2, respectively; the polar surface free energy and the surface free energy increased by 36.956 and 26.950 mJ·m-2, respectively. The results of multiple light scattering showed that the light transmittance of MIN was 35% lower than that of IN, and the backscattered light intensity was increased by about 25%. Only one excipient was used to successfully prepare IN dry suspension with good wettability and suspending property, which provided a basis for the development of new preparations of IN.

16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0330, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407666

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Joint strength of the lower limbs plays a decisive role in the competitive ability of long jumpers. Special strength training based on science and targeted at the strength of the lower limb joints is an essential topic for long jumpers. Objective: To analyze isokinetic muscle strength characteristics of lower limb joints in long jumpers. Methods: Voluntary jumpers were submitted to isokinetic concentric contraction tests of the lower limbs and hip joints. We also analyzed the effect of strength training on lower limb joint injury. Results: The knee muscles of the athletes have reduced eccentric contractility. The ankle of the athlete has the most vulnerable joint to injuries in the sport. Conclusion: The explosive force and eccentric contractility of long jumpers' lower limb extensor muscles have the most significant impact on joint thrust and extension speed. Athletes need muscle strength training to develop isokinetic muscle strength. This can effectively prevent injury to lower extremity joint movements. The research findings of this paper can provide a specific theoretical basis for formulating scientific training for long jumpers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: A força conjunta dos membros inferiores desempenha um papel decisivo na capacidade competitiva nos saltadores de salto em distância. O treinamento de força especial baseado na ciência e direcionado para a força das articulações dos membros inferiores é um tópico essencial para os saltadores. Objetivo: Analisar as características de força muscular isocinética das articulações dos membros inferiores em saltadores de salto em distância. Métodos: Saltadores voluntários foram submetidos à testes de contração concêntrica isocinética dos membros inferiores e articulação do quadril. Efetuou-se também a análise do efeito do treinamento de força na lesão das articulações dos membros inferiores. Resultados: Os músculos dos joelhos dos atletas têm uma contratilidade excêntrica reduzida. O tornozelo dos atletas possui a articulação mais vulnerável a lesões no esporte. Conclusão: A força de explosão e a capacidade de contração excêntrica dos músculos extensores dos membros inferiores dos saltadores de salto longo têm o impacto mais significativo no empuxo das articulações e na velocidade de extensão. Os atletas precisam de treinamento de força muscular para desenvolver a força muscular isocinética. Isto pode efetivamente evitar lesões nos movimentos das extremidades inferiores das articulações. Os resultados da pesquisa deste trabalho podem fornecer uma base teórica específica para a formulação do treinamento científico para os saltadores de salto longo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La fuerza articular de los miembros inferiores desempeña un papel decisivo en la capacidad competitiva de los saltadores de longitud. El entrenamiento de fuerza especial basado en la ciencia y dirigido a la fuerza de las articulaciones de los miembros inferiores es un tema esencial para los saltadores. Objetivo: Analizar las características de la fuerza muscular isocinética de las articulaciones de los miembros inferiores en saltadores de longitud. Métodos: Los saltadores voluntarios fueron sometidos a pruebas de contracción concéntrica isocinética de los miembros inferiores y de las articulaciones de la cadera. También se realizó un análisis del efecto del entrenamiento de fuerza en las lesiones de las articulaciones de los miembros inferiores. Resultados: Los músculos de la rodilla de los atletas tienen una contractilidad excéntrica reducida. El tobillo de los atletas tiene la articulación más vulnerable a las lesiones en el deporte. Conclusión: La fuerza de explosión y la contractilidad excéntrica de los músculos extensores de las extremidades inferiores de los saltadores de longitud tienen el impacto más significativo en el empuje articular y la velocidad de extensión. Los atletas necesitan entrenar la fuerza muscular para desarrollar la fuerza muscular isocinética. Esto puede prevenir eficazmente las lesiones en los movimientos de las articulaciones de las extremidades inferiores. Los resultados de la investigación de este trabajo pueden proporcionar una base teórica específica para la formulación del entrenamiento científico de los saltadores de longitud. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1088-1093, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014067

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effeet of Wenyang Hua- Nrpl signaling pathway in systemic sclerosis ( SSc ) zhuo Tongluo formula ( WYHZTLF) on the Sema3A/ mouse model, and to explore its mechanism in the treatment of SSe.Methods The systemic sclerosis mouse model was constructed and divided into control group, model group, WYHZTLF low (21 g • kg 1 ) , medium (42 g • kg 1 ) , high (84 g • kg 1 ) dose group and the Sema3A inhibitor epigallocatechol gallate (EGCG) group.All groups were given intragastric administration for four weeks, and the control and model groups were treated with saline.Histopathology and dermal thickness were detected by HE, VEGFA pro-tein expression levels were detected by immunohisto- chemistry; the protein expression levels of Sema3A, Nrpl and VEGFA were determined by Western blot; Sema3A expression levels in mouse serum were detec-terl by ELISA.Results Comparer] with model group, WYHZTLF significantly alleviated the skin lesions in systemic sclerosis mouse model, significantly inhibited the dermal thickness, inhibited the protein expression levels of VEGFA, Sema3A and Nrpl , and reduced the expression levels of serum Sema3A.Conclusion WYHZTLF can improve the vascular injury of SSc, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of VEGFA and Sema3A/Nrpl signaling pathway.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 724-728, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922989

ABSTRACT

TGR5 is a bile acid-activated G protein-coupled receptor and plays an important role in the physiological and pathological processes of the biliary system. This article describes the normal expression of TGR5 in the liver and bile duct under normal physiological conditions and its functions including the regulation of bile acid secretion and metabolism and cytoprotection. This article also summarizes the changes in the expression and function of TGR5 under pathophysiological conditions and the mechanism of TGR5 in affecting the development and progression of biliary tract diseases through inflammatory response and cell proliferation and apoptosis. TGR5 may be a potential target for the treatment of biliary tract diseases in the future.

20.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 349-352, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970700

ABSTRACT

Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is characterized by being born as collodion babies, hyperkeratosis, and skin scaling. We described a collodion baby at birth with mild ectropion, eclabium, and syndactyly. Whole exome sequencing showed a compound heterozygous variant c.[56C>A], p.(Ser19X) and c.[100G>A], p.(Ala34Thr) in the PNPLA1 gene [NM_001145717; exon 1]. The protein encoded by PNPLA1 acts as a unique transacylase that specifically transfers linoleic acid from triglyceride to ω-hydroxy fatty acid in ceramide, thus giving rise to ω-O-acylceramide, a particular class of sphingolipids that is essential for skin barrier function. The variant was located in the patatin core domain of PNPLA1 and resulted in a truncated protein which could disrupt the function of the protein. This case report highlights a novel compound heterozygous mutation in PNPLA1 identified in a Chinese child.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Acyltransferases/genetics , Ceramides/metabolism , Collodion , Ichthyosis, Lamellar/genetics , Lipase/metabolism , Mutation , Phospholipases/genetics
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