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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 83-86, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016419

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the risk factors of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and the immunological classification of Hp-infected people in community health examination population. Methods Among of the 2 475 residents in a community who underwent health examination in Guangyuan First People's Hospital were selected between July 2022 and April 2023. Western blotting was used to detect and type the Hp antibodies. The risk factors of Hp infection in the community residents were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis, and the results of immunological typing were compared among patients with different upper digestive tract diseases and chronic diseases. Results The Hp infection rate among of the 2 475 residents who underwent physical examination was 35.64% (882/2475), and the positive rates of type I Hp antibody and type II Hp antibody were 23.72% (587/2 475) and 11.92% (295/2 475) , respectively. There were significant differences in Hp infection rates in gender, age, smoking history, and whether or not people had diabetes (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male, age ≥60 years old, drinking history and diabetes were risk factors of Hp infection in the community health examination population (P<0.05). The positive rate of type I Hp antibody in men and patients with coronary heart disease was higher than that in women and patients without coronary heart disease (P<0.05). Conclusion The infection rate of Hp among health examination population in this community is low, mainly type I. Hp infection is affected by gender, age, drinking history and diabetes. There are more males in the population with type I Hp antibody positivity, and the risk may be higher in patients with coronary heart disease. Clinically, it is necessary to take susceptible population as the focus of prevention and treatment, and take targeted monitoring and diagnosis and treatment measures.

2.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 22-26, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007224

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dihydroartemisinin (DHC) on the proliferation capacity of human oral squamous carcinoma cells and its mechanism of action. Methods The viability and colony formation ability of CAL27 cells treated with different concentrations of dihydroartemisinin was measured by CCK-8 and colony formation assay. The expression of proteins related to proliferation and autophagy was determined by Western blot. Potential targets for DHA inhibition of the biological behavior of oral cancer were screened based on network pharmacology and bioinformatics. Measurement was conducted after the cells were cotreated with autophagy blocker 3-methyladenine and autophagy inducers rapamycin and dihydroartemisinin. Results Dihydroartemisinin significantly reduced the proliferation viability and clone formation ability of CAL27 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The PCNA expression level also decreased substantially. DHA suppressed oral cancer targets involving autophagy-related pathways. DHA intervention increased the expression of intracellular autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and LC3. After co-treatment of DHA combined with autophagy blocker, the proliferation viability and clone formation ability of CAL27 cells decreased. The expression of PCNA increased, and the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3 decreased. Conclusion Dihydroartemisinin could inhibit the proliferative capacity of oral squamous carcinoma cells in vitro, and its effect may be correlated with the induction of autophagy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 222-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the current situation and effect of mobile applications for physical activity management in China.Methods:In this systematic review, search terms such as “exercise”, “sports”, “exercise”, “physical activity” and “mobile health” were used to retrieve the applications for physical activity management in the IOS Application Store developed in mainland of China. Then the Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS) and the Behavior Change Technology (BCT) were used to evaluate the quality of the applications and analyze the behavior change technologies that applications adopted. Moreover, a systematic review of relevant experimental studies was applied to summarize the effectiveness of the applications in promoting physical activity.Results:Total of 141 applications were included in this analysis, and 58 behavior change techniques in 16 categories were applied. The most frequently used 4 categories of BCT were behavior comparison (67.4%), repetition and substitution (67.4%), knowledge construction (67.4%), feedback and monitoring (58.2%). The overall objective quality score of MARS was 3.17±0.42, of which, the score of engagements, functionality, aesthetic design and information quality was 2.67±0.73, 3.75±0.54, 3.44±0.59 and 2.83±0.55, respectively. The number of BCT adopted in each application had a linear relationship with the application′s objective quality score in MARS ( B=0.023, 95% CI: 0.018-0.029) and user rating ( B=0.040, 95% CI: 0.019-0.060) (both P<0.001). A total of 4 articles were included to test the effects of techniques (i.e., physical activity behavior monitoring, physical activity planning and physical activity guidance) in 4 applications. The overall quality of the literatures was good. The main outcomes were physical activity duration (3 articles) and step count (1 article). Compared with those who did not use the application or only used the accelerometer to monitor physical activity, subjects who used the application to monitor physical activity had significant longer physical activity durations and step count (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The number, function and technology of physical activity management applications in China are abundant, but the quality of the applications is moderate. The number of BCT is an important factor in evaluating application′s quality, but its effect on behavior change is still not clear.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 131-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993419

ABSTRACT

Femoral head fracture is commonly seen in high-energy injury. However, compression fracture of femoral head is more rare. In most classifications of femoral head fracture, the compression is unusually involved. A case about acute traumatic dislocation of hip joint with compression fracture of femoral head is reported, involving a patient who hurt himself by riding electric bike and hitting the flower bed. He came to our hospital complaining of pain and limited motion of his right leg. The diagnosis of right hip anterior dislocation with the compression fracture of femoral head was confirmed by medical history, physical examination and imaging. Closed reduction of hip dislocation was performed in an emergency. Then we transplanted the bone cartilage from the non-weight-bearing area under the femoral head to the collapsed weight-bearing area, fixing it with countersunk hollow screws, and then the non-weight-bearing donor area was reconstructed with autogenous iliac bone, using surgical hip dislocation. The anatomical structure of the femoral head was therefore restored successfully during the operation. Three months after surgery, the X-ray showed that the femoral head was smooth and the cartilage graft was well fixed. Eight months after surgery, the patient gradually increased the bearing weight from partial to full according to his own condition, and there was no obvious pain in hip. After 24-month follow-up, we found the X-rays showed good reduction and fixation of the femoral head fracture. The CT scan showed no necrosis or cystic degeneration. He got well-active and passive movement in hip joint, and got no pain when walking with burden. For the patient with hip dislocation and compression fracture of femoral head, early joint reduction and non-weight-bearing osteocartilage transplantation can restore the anatomical structure of the weight-bearing area of the femoral head, to avoid traumatic osteoarthritis, and to improve the long-term quality of life of patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 491-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992738

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of a retrograde pubic ramus intramedullary nail (RPRIN) in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fractures.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 14 patients with anterior pelvic ring fracture who had been treated and followed up at Department of Traumatic Surgery, Tongji Hospital From June 2020 to February 2021. There were 10 males and 4 females with an age of (44.8±12.5) years. By the AO/OTA classification for pelvic fractures, 5 cases were type 61-A, 4 cases 61-B, and 5 cases type 61-C; by the Nakatani classification, 1 case belonged to unilateral zone Ⅰ fracture, 5 cases to unilateral zone Ⅱ fracture, 2 cases to unilateral zone Ⅲ fracture, 3 cases to right zone Ⅱ and left zone Ⅲ fracture, 2 cases to zone Ⅲ fracture on both left and right sides, and 1 case to zone Ⅱ fracture on both sides. The time from injury to operation was (7.8±1.8) days. All the anterior pelvic ring fractures were fixated with a RPRIN. The time and fluoroscopic frequency for placement of every single RPRIN, quality of fracture reduction, and pelvic function and incidence of postoperative complications at the last follow-up were recorded.Results:A total of 18 RPRINs were placed in the 14 patients. For placement of each RPRIN, the time was (35.9±8.6) min, and the fluoroscopic frequency (22.8±1.9) times. No complications such as infection occurred at any surgical incision after RPRIN placement. According to the Matta scoring, the quality of postoperative fracture reduction was assessed as excellent in 7 cases, as good in 5 cases and as fair in 2 cases. The 14 patients were followed up for (18.1+1.5) months. Their X-ray and CT images of the pelvis at the last follow-up showed that the fractures healed well and the intramedullary nails were placed in the cortical bone of the anterior ring of the pelvis. According to the Majeed scoring at the last follow-up, the pelvic function was assessed as excellent in 10 cases, as good in 3 cases and as fair in 1 case. One patient reported discomfort during squatting 2 months after operation but the symptom improved 3 months later without any special treatment. No patient experienced such complications as displacement or slippage of RPRIN, or pain at the insertion site.Conclusion:RPRIN is effective in the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fractures, showing advantages of small surgical incision, limited intraoperative fluoroscopy and short operation time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1234-1237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise in standardized training of gynecological residents.Methods:A total of 100 trainees who received standardized training in Department of Gynecology, Women and Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, were selected as subjects, and they were divided into control group (traditional teaching) and observation group (mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise) according to the order by which they entered the department for training, with 50 trainees in each group. After teaching, the two groups were compared in terms of assessment results of clinical practice exercise and degree of satisfaction with teaching. SPSS 22.0 statistical software was used for the t-test. Results:After the application of mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise in the standardized training of gynecological residents, compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher assessment results of inquiry ability, specialized physical examination, clinical diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment regimen, clinical practice ability, communication ability, clinical thinking ability, decision-making ability for clinical issues, and overall performance ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher levels of mastery of clinical inquiry ability, specialized physical examination, development of diagnosis and treatment regimen, doctor-patient communication ability, and clinical practice ability, as well as a significantly higher overall teaching satisfaction score ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Mind map combined with daily mini-clinical evaluation exercise is a simple and feasible teaching method and can help to improve the comprehensive clinical practice ability of trainees receiving standardized residency training, and therefore, it holds promise for application in teaching.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 838-844, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012241

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the dynamic changes in serum lipid levels and nutritional status during BCMA-CAR-T-cell therapy in patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma (R/R MM) based on LEGEND-2. Methods: The data of patients with R/R MM who underwent BCMA-CAR-T therapy at our hospital between March 30, 2016, and February 6, 2018, were retrospectively collected. Serum lipid levels, controlled nutritional status (CONUT) score, and other clinical indicators at different time points before and after CAR-T-cell infusion were compared and analyzed. The best cut-off value was determined by using the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. The patients were divided into high-CONUT score (>6.5 points, malnutrition group) and low-CONUT score groups (≤6.5 points, good nutrition group), comparing the progression-free survival (PFS) and total survival (OS) of the two groups using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: Before the infusion of CAR-T-cells, excluding triglycerides (TG), patients' serum lipid levels were lower than normal on average. At 8-14 d after CAR-T-cell infusion, serum albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1) levels dropped to the minimum, whereas CONUT scores reached the maximum. In addition to TG, apolipoprotein B (Apo B) levels increased compared with baseline. After CAR-T-cell therapy, the patients' serum lipid levels significantly increased with well-improved nutritional status. Spearman's related analysis showed that TC, HDL, and ApoA1 levels after CAR-T-cell injection were significantly negatively correlated with the grade of cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) (r=-0.548, P=0.003; r=-0.444, P=0.020; r=-0.589, P=0.001). Furthermore, survival analysis indicated that the CONUT score was unrelated to PFS, and the median OS of patients with R/R MM in the high-CONUT score group was shorter than that in the low-CONUT score group (P=0.046) . Conclusions: During CAR-T-cell therapy, hypolipidemia and poor nutritional status were aggravated, which is possibly related to CRS. The patients' serum lipid levels and nutritional status were significantly improved after CAR-T-cell treatment. The CONUT score affected the median OS in patients treated with CAR-T-cells. Therefore, specific screening and intervention for nutritional status in patients receiving CAR-T-cell therapy are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Lipids/therapeutic use
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 56-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969806

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) gene on the proliferation, migration, apoptosis and immune escape of endometrial cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: Endometrial cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma who underwent total or partial hysterectomy in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were collected. The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method, Transwell method, flow cytometry, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to explore the target relationship between UCA1 and miR-204-5p. HEC-1A-sh-NC or HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells were co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or cytokine-induced killer cells in vitro to explore the role of UCA1 in immune escape. Results: The expression level of UCA1 in endometrial cancer tissue (17.08±0.84) was higher than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (3.00±0.37), and the expression level of miR-204-5p (0.98±0.16) was lower than that in adjacent normal endometrial tissue (2.00±0.20, P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression of miR-204-5p was negatively correlated with the expression of UCA1 (r=-0.330, P=0.030). The expressions of UCA1 and miR-204-5p were associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage of endometrial cancer, lymph node metastasis and vascular invasion (P<0.05). The relative ratio of absorbance (0.58±0.11) and the number of cell migration [(199.68±18.44)] in the sh-UCA1 group were lower than those in the sh-NC group (1.24±0.17 and 374.76±24.83), respectively. The apoptosis rate of sh-UCA1 group [(28.64±7.80)%] was higher than that of sh-NC group [(14.27±4.38)%, P<0.05]. After different ratios of effector cells and target cells were cultured, the cell survival rate of HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group was lower than that of HEC-1A-sh-NC group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). UCA1 had a binding site for miR-204-5p. The relative ratio of absorbance (1.74±0.08) and the number of cell migration (426.00±18.00) cells in the UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group were higher than those in the control group [1.00±0.03 and (284.00±8.00) cells, respectively]. The apoptosis rate of UCA1+ anti-miR-204-5p group [(5.42±0.93)%] was lower than that of control group [(14.82±1.48)%, P<0.05]. HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 cells could induce higher interferon gamma (IFN-γ) expression when co-cultured with PBMC, and the levels of IFN-γ expression in PHA group and PHA+ pre-miR-204-5p group cells were 2.42±0.49 and 1.88±0.26, which were higher than that in the PHA+ pre-NC group (0.85±0.10, P<0.05). When co-cultured with cytokine-induced killer cells (different ratios) in vitro, the HEC-1A-sh-UCA1 group and the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group had lower survival rates than that in the HEC-1A-pre-miR-204-5p group. In the HEC-1A-pre-NC group, the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: UCA1/miR-204-5p may play an important role in human endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Antagomirs , Cell Line, Tumor , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Cell Proliferation , Endometrial Neoplasms/genetics , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2512-2521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999114

ABSTRACT

To investigate the crucial role of particle size in the biological effects of nanoparticles, a series of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared with particle size gradients (50, 100, 150, 200 nm) with the traditional Stober method and adjusting the type and ratio of the silica source. The correlation between toxicity and size-caused biological effects were then further examined both in vitro and in vivo. The results indicated that the prepared MSNs had a uniform size, good dispersal, and ordered mesoporous structure. Hemolytic toxicity was found to be independent of particle size. At the cellular level, MSNs with smaller particle sizes were more readily internalized by cells, which initiated to more intense oxidative stress, therefor inducing higher cytotoxicity, and apoptosis rate. In vivo studies demonstrated that MSNs primarily accumulated in the liver and kidneys of mice. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that larger MSNs were eliminated more efficiently by the urinary system than smaller MSNs. The mice's body weight monitoring, blood tests, and pathological sections of major organs indicated good biocompatibility for MSNs of different sizes. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University. Overall, this study prepared MSNs with a particle size gradient to investigate the correlation between toxicity and particle size using macrophages and endothelial cells. The study also examined the biosafety of MSNs with different particle sizes in vivo and in vitro, which could help to improve the safety design strategy of MSNs for drug delivery systems.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 522-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996338

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To establish a machine learning model based on computed tomography (CT) radiomics for preoperatively predicting invasive degree of lung ground-glass nodules (GGNs). Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of GGNs patients whose solid component less than 3 cm in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from March 2021 to July 2021 and the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from January 2019 to May 2022. The lesions were divided into pre-invasiveness and invasiveness according to postoperative pathological results, and the patients were randomly divided into a training set and a test set in a ratio of 7∶3. Radiomic features (1 317) were extracted from CT images of each patient, the max-relevance and min-redundancy (mRMR) was used to screen the top 100 features with the most relevant categories, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) was used to select radiomic features, and the support vector machine (SVM) classifier was used to establish the prediction model. We calculated the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value, positive predictive value to evaluate the performance of the model, drawing calibration and decision curves of the prediction model to evaluate the accuracy and clinical benefit of the model, analyzed the performance in the training set and subgroups with different nodule diameters, and compared the prediction performance of this model with Mayo and Brock models. Two primary thoracic surgeons were required to evaluate the invasiveness of GGNs to investigate the clinical utility of the mode. Results    A total of 400 patients were divided into the training set (n=280) and the test set (n=120) according to the admission criteria. There were 267 females and 133 males with an ……

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 313-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979482

ABSTRACT

@#Lung cancer is a malignant tumor with the highest mortality worldwide, and its early diagnosis and evaluation have a crucial impact on the comprehensive treatment of patients. Early preoperative diagnosis of lung cancer depends on a variety of imaging and tumor marker indicators, but it cannot be accurately assessed due to its high false positive rate. Liquid biopsy biomarkers can detect circulating tumor cells and DNA in peripheral blood by non-invasive methods and are gradually becoming a powerful diagnostic tool in the field of precision medicine for tumors. This article reviews the research progress of liquid biopsy biomarkers and their combination with clinical imaging features in the early diagnosis of lung cancer.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 598-617, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971733

ABSTRACT

Although NPM1 mutations are frequently found in acute myeloid leukemia patients, therapeutic strategies are scarce and unsuitable for those who cannot tolerate intensive chemotherapy. Here we demonstrated that heliangin, a natural sesquiterpene lactone, exerts favorable therapeutic responses in NPM1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia cells, with no apparent toxicity to normal hematogenous cells, by inhibiting their proliferation, inducing apoptosis, causing cell cycle arrest, and promoting differentiation. In-depth studies on its mode of action using quantitative thiol reactivity platform screening and subsequent molecular biology validation showed that the ribosomal protein S2 (RPS2) is the main target of heliangin in treating NPM1 mutant AML. Upon covalent binding to the C222 site of RPS2, the electrophilic moieties of heliangin disrupt pre-rRNA metabolic processes, leading to nucleolar stress, which in turn regulates the ribosomal proteins-MDM2-p53 pathway and stabilizes p53. Clinical data shows that the pre-rRNA metabolic pathway is dysregulated in acute myeloid leukemia patients with the NPM1 mutation, leading to a poor prognosis. We found that RPS2 plays a critical role in regulating this pathway and may be a novel treatment target. Our findings suggest a novel treatment strategy and lead compound for acute myeloid leukemia patients, especially those with NPM1 mutations.

13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 92-105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Shelter hospital was an alternative way to provide large-scale medical isolation and treatment for people with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Due to various reasons, patients admitted to the large shelter hospital was reported high level of psychological distress, so did the healthcare workers. This study aims to introduce a comprehensive and multifaceted psychosocial crisis intervention model.@*METHODS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was provided to 200 patients and 240 healthcare workers in Wuhan Wuchang shelter hospital. Patient volunteers and organized peer support, client-centered culturally sensitive supportive care, timely delivery of scientific information about COVID-19 and its complications, mental health knowledge acquisition of non-psychiatric healthcare workers, group activities, counseling and education, virtualization of psychological intervention, consultation and liaison were exhibited respectively in the model. Pre-service survey was done in 38 patients and 49 healthcare workers using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire 2-item (PHQ-2) scale, and the Primary Care PTSD screen for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (PC-PTSD-5). Forty-eight healthcare workers gave feedback after the intervention.@*RESULTS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was successfully implemented by 10 mental health professionals and was well-accepted by both patients and healthcare workers in the shelter hospital. In pre-service survey, 15.8% of 38 patients were with anxiety, 55.3% were with stress, and 15.8% were with depression; 16.3% of 49 healthcare workers were with anxiety, 26.5% were with stress, and 22.4% were with depression. In post-service survey, 62.5% of 48 healthcare workers thought it was very practical, 37.5% thought more practical; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to relief anxiety and insomnia, and 27.1% thought much helpful; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to recognize patients with anxiety and insomnia, and 29.2% thought much helpful; 35.4% of them thought it was very helpful to deal with patients' anxiety and insomnia, and 37.5% thought much helpful.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological crisis intervention is feasible, acceptable, and associated with positive outcomes. Future tastings of this model in larger population and different settings are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Crisis Intervention , Psychosocial Intervention , SARS-CoV-2 , Mental Health , Depression/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Anxiety/etiology
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2530-2537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981329

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the effect of terpinen-4-ol(T4O) on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) exposed to high glucose(HG) and reveal the mechanism via the Krüppel-like factor 4(KLF4)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) signaling pathway. The VSMCs were first incubated with T4O for 2 h and then cultured with HG for 48 h to establish the model of inflammatory injury. The proliferation, cell cycle, and migration rate of VSMCs were examined by MTT method, flow cytometry, and wound healing assay, respectively. The content of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin(IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in the supernatant of VSMCs was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), Cyclin D1, KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. The KLF4 expression in VSMCs was silenced by the siRNA technology, and then the effects of T4O on the cell cycle and protein expression of the HG-induced VSMCs were observed. The results showed that different doses of T4O inhibited the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs, increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, and decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, and down-regulated the protein levels of PCNA and Cyclin D1. In addition, T4O reduced the HG-induced secretion and release of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α and down-regulated the expression of KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. Compared with si-NC+HG, siKLF4+HG increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, down-regulated the expression of PCNA, Cyclin D1, and KLF4, and inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Notably, the combination of silencing KLF4 with T4O treatment further promoted the changes in the above indicators. The results indicate that T4O may inhibit the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs by down-regulating the level of KLF4 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/genetics , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Proliferation , Signal Transduction , Cytokines/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 380-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986801

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of using an endoscopic suturing instrument in laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted to retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 5 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (Billroth II + Braun anastomosis) at Tangdu Hospital, Air Force Medical University from October 2022 to January 2023. The common opening was closed using an endoscopic suturing instrument. The indications were as follows: (1) patients aged between 18 and 80 years; (2) patients with gastric adenocarcinoma; (3) cTNM between I-III; (4) lower-third gastric cancer and radical gastrectomy is recommended; (5) no history of upper abdominal surgery (except for laparoscopic cholecystectomy). The surgery was performed as follows: A side-to-side gastrojejunostomy was performed with endoscopic linear cutter stapler. Then the common opening was closed with endoscopic suturing instrument. During suturing and closing the common opening, a vertical mattress suture was used to completely invert and close the mucosa-to-mucosa and serosa-to-serosa of the gastric and jejunum walls. After the first layer of suture was completed, the seromuscular layer was sutured from top to bottom to embed the common opening of stomach and jejunum. Results: Laparoscopic closure of the common gastrojejunal opening with endoscopic suturing instrument was successfully completed in all 5 patients. The operative time was (308.6±22.6) minutes, while the time of gastrojejunostomy was (15.4±3.1) minutes. The operative blood loss was (34.0±10.8) ml. No intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred in any of the patients. The first passage of gas occurred at (2.6±0.9) days, and the postoperative hospital stay was (7.0±1.9) days. Conclusion: The application of endoscopic suturing instrument in laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy is safe and feasible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastric Bypass , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Gastroenterostomy , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986164

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore a simple and feasible method for the isolation and purification of hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells (HSC), and lymphocytes from mice. Methods: The cell suspension was obtained from male C57bl/6 mice by hepatic perfusion through the portal vein digestion method and then isolated and purified by discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation. Trypan blue exclusion was used to determine cell viability. Glycogen staining, cytokeratin 18, and transmission electron microscopy were used to identify hepatic cells. Immunofluorescence was used to detect α-smooth muscle actin combined with desmin in HSCs. Flow cytometry was used to analyze lymphocyte subsets in the liver. Results: After isolation and purification, about 2.7×10(7) hepatocytes, 5.7×10(5) HSCS, and 4.6×106 hepatic mononuclear cells were obtained from the liver of mice with a body weight of about 22g. The cell survival rate in each group was > 95%. Hepatocytes were apparent in glycogen deposited purple-red granules and cytokeratin 18. Electron microscopy showed that there were abundant organelles in hepatocytes and tight junctions between cells. HSC had expressed α-smooth muscle actin and desmin. Flow cytometry showed hepatic mononuclear cells, including lymphocyte subsets such as CD4, CD8, NKs, and NKTs. Conclusion: The hepatic perfusion through the portal vein digestion method can isolate multiple primary cells from the liver of mice at once and has the features of simplicity and efficiency.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Keratin-18 , Actins , Desmin , Liver , Hepatocytes , Hepatic Stellate Cells
17.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 110-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970680

ABSTRACT

The extraction of neuroimaging features of migraine patients and the design of identification models are of great significance for the auxiliary diagnosis of related diseases. Compared with the commonly used image features, this study directly uses time-series signals to characterize the functional state of the brain in migraine patients and healthy controls, which can effectively utilize the temporal information and reduce the computational effort of classification model training. Firstly, Group Independent Component Analysis and Dictionary Learning were used to segment different brain areas for small-sample groups and then the regional average time-series signals were extracted. Next, the extracted time series were divided equally into multiple subseries to expand the model input sample. Finally, the time series were modeled using a bi-directional long-short term memory network to learn the pre-and-post temporal information within each time series to characterize the periodic brain state changes to improve the diagnostic accuracy of migraine. The results showed that the classification accuracy of migraine patients and healthy controls was 96.94%, the area under the curve was 0.98, and the computation time was relatively shorter. The experiments indicate that the method in this paper has strong applicability, and the combination of time-series feature extraction and bi-directional long-short term memory network model can be better used for the classification and diagnosis of migraine. This work provides a new idea for the lightweight diagnostic model based on small-sample neuroimaging data, and contributes to the exploration of the neural discrimination mechanism of related diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Time Factors , Migraine Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Neuroimaging
18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 130-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between food-specific IgG (sIgG) antibodies and phenotypes of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) .Methods:Serum samples were collected from outpatients with active CSU, symptomatic dermographism (SD) , or acute urticaria (AU) , and healthy controls from 5 third-grade class-A hospitals such as the First Hospital of China Medical University between April 2014 and March 2015. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to detect serum levels of 90 food-sIgG antibodies and total IgE, Western blot analysis to detect levels of 20 allergen-specific IgE antibodies, and chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay to detect levels of anti-thyroid peroxidase IgG antibodies and anti-thyroglobulin IgG antibodies. Comparisons of normally distributed quantitative data between two groups and among several groups were performed by t test and one-way analysis of variance, respectively; comparisons of non-normally distributed quantitative data between two groups were performed by Mann-Whitney U test; for comparisons of proportions, chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test were used. Results:A total of 248 patients with CSU, 22 with SD, 15 with AU and 13 healthy controls were recruited. The cut-off level for sIgG positivity was 100 U/ml (at least 2+) , and the positive rate of food-sIgG antibodies was slightly higher in the patients with CSU (176/248, 70.97%) , SD (15/22, 68.18%) and AU (11/15) than in the healthy controls (7/13; χ2 = 1.80, P = 0.615) . Among the 248 CSU patients, the proportion of patients with family history of allergic diseases was significantly higher in the sIgG-positive group (71/176, 40.34%) than in the sIgG-negative group (19/72, 26.39%; χ2 = 4.30, P = 0.042) , while no significant difference was observed in the 1-day urticaria activity score (UASday) between the two groups ( Z = 0.18, P = 0.859) . Totally, 177 CSU patients completed 12- to 40-week treatment; their condition could be completely controlled by second-generation H1-antihistamines, and there was no significant difference in the required dosage of second-generation H1-antihistamines between the sIgG-positive group (128 cases) and sIgG-negative group (49 cases; Z = -1.06, P = 0.298) . Conclusions:The prevalence of family history of allergic diseases was relatively high in food-sIgG-positive patients with CSU. However, food-sIgG could not be used as an indicator to reflect the disease activity of CSU and treatment response.

19.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39052, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555446

ABSTRACT

Previous Chinese research revealed that diarsenic trioxide (As2O3) inhibits acute promyelocytic leukemia (PML) cell proliferation and initiates apoptosis through degradation of the PML-retinoic acid receptor protein. This study was to analyse whether As2O3 also had an effect on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. As2O3 effects on various HCC cell lines and primary HCC cells were investigated in time and dose series, including measurements of cell growth, PML mRNA and protein expression, xenografted tumor formation, and the self-renewal Oct4 and hepatocyte marker expressions in mouse model xenografts or cells treated with PML siRNA. The results were analyzed by immunocytochemistry, quantitative reverse transcription PCR and western blotting as well as indocyanine green and Periodic Acid Schiff staining. As2O3 inhibited HCC cell and HCC cell-derived xenograft tumor formation in a time-dependent manner and reduced PML protein expression in HCC cells, but had limited effects on PML mRNA levels in cell nuclei. The HCC cell line HuH7 treated with As2O3 showed a decreased expression of alpha-fetoprotein and increased expression and transcription of mature hepatocyte markers, indicating differentiation of HCC cells into hepatocytes. Cytokeratin 18 protein and mRNA levels as well as tyrosine aminotransferase and apolipoprotein B mRNA transcriptions were enhanced by As2O3 as were the numbers of indocyanine green and Periodic Acid Schiff stained cells. In addition, As2O3 downregulated the expression of Oct4. In conclusion, since As2O3 inhibited HCC cell proliferation and HCC cell-derived xenograft tumor formation it is suggested that an appropriate concentration of As2O3 might be a promising therapy to treat HCC.

20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181092, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374550

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was designed to examine the effects of atorvastatin on vascular inflammatory responses in human coronary artery endothelial cells(HCAECs), when challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) ligand. HCAECs were pretreated with atorvastatin and induced by LPS. The expression of TLR4, interleukin -6(IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(MCP-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecular-1(ICAM-1), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) were evaluated using Real-time polymerase chain reaction, cytokine ELISA assay and Western blotting. The results showed that pretreatment with atorvastatin down-regulated the expression of TLR4 in LPS-activated HCAECs. Atorvastatin also attenuated the LPS-induced expression of interleukin IL-6 and MCP-1, at both the transcription and translation level in HCAECs. LPS-induced endothelial cell adhesion molecules, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression were also reduced by pretreatment with atorvastatin. Furthermore, atorvastatin efficiently suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of NF-κB and p38 MAPK in HCAECs. These findings show that atorvastatin suppresses endothelial cell inflammation, suggesting that atorvastatin may be suitable for development as a therapeutic agent for inflammatory cardiovascular disease.

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