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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2388-2398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937056

ABSTRACT

In this study, dexamethasone (DXMS) and captopril (CAP) were co-loaded into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles with a surface coating of a phospholipid bilayer, and then the core-shell nanoparticles were modified with polyethylene glycol and integrin α8 antibody to obtain immunoliposome-nanoparticle hybrids (DXMS/CAP@PLGA-ILs). The role of nanoparticles on the renal targeting, anti-inflammatory effects, and macrophage differentiation were investigated. The results showed that the particle size of the nanoparticles was 115.9 ± 2.89 nm, and the core-shell structure could be observed under an electron microscope. The drug loading capacity of DXMS and CAP was 5.72% ± 0.37% and 7.51% ± 0.07%, respectively. The results of in vitro experiments showed that DXMS/CAP@PLGA-ILs could reduce the secretion of specific cytokines and the mRNA expression of markers in M2-type macrophages, thus promoting the differentiation of M2-type macrophages in the direction of unpolarized macrophages. In vivo experiments in mice showed that DXMS/CAP@PLGA-ILs had a significant renal targeting effect, which could restore the renal index, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen levels of mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis in mice. Moreover, DXMS/CAP@PLGA-ILs could reduce both the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the mRNA expression levels of M1 and M2 macrophage markers in the kidney. All the animal experiments were in accordance with the regulations of Animal Ethics Committee of Sichuan Agricultural University. In conclusion, renal-targeting DXMS/CAP@PLGA-ILs could effectively regulate the polarization of macrophages and had an "anti-inflammatory/anti-fibrosis" therapeutic effect, providing a new strategy and basis for the targeted therapy of glomerulonephritis.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 693-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the sp ectrum-effect relationship of anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction. METHODS Eleven batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were prepared ;gastric ulcer model was established by anhydrous ethanol modeling method. Using Weikangling as positive control ,the effects of Shaoyao gancao decoction on the contents of defensive factors [nitric oxide (NO),epidermal growth factor (EGF),superoxide dismutase (SOD)] and attack factor [malondialdehyde (MDA)] in gastric tissue of model rats were investigated. HPLC fingerprints of 11 batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were established and similarity evaluation was performed with Similarity Evaluation System of Traditional Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint (2004A edition ); common peaks were identified by comparing with mixed control. The spectrum-effect relationship of Shaoyao gancao decoction against gastric ulcer was analyzed based on the grey correlation analysis. RESULTS Eleven batches of Shaoyao ganyao decoction could significantly decrease the content of MDA in gastric tissue ,while increased the contents of NO ,EGF and SOD in gastric ulcer model rats (P<0.01),and had a certain inhibitory effect on the gastric ulcer. There were 23 common peaks in chromatograms of 11 batches of samples ,and the similarity with the control fingerprint was not less than 0.9. By comparing with mixed control ,7 common peaks were identified ,namely gallic acid (peak 5),albiflorin(peak 9),paeoniflorin(peak 10),liquiritin(peak 12),isoliquiritin apioside (peak 14),isoliquiritoside(peak 15), glycyrrhizic acid (peak 22). The average correlation degree of 7 identified common peaks and pharmacodynamic indexes were greater than 0.6,of which peak 22(glycyrrhizic acid ),peak 10(paeoniflorin)and peak 12(liquiritin)had the largest correlation , and their values were 0.807,0.772 and 0.770 respectively. RESULTS The anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction is the result of the synergistic effect of multiple components ,among which glycyrrhizic acid ,paeoniflorin and liquiritin may be the main pharmacodynamic components.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 802-808, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922904

ABSTRACT

A blood-brain barrier microfluidic chip platform for studying the permeability of active components in traditional Chinese medicine was developed. This model used primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells on a microfluidic chip consisting of two perpendicularly-crossing channels and a single layer porous polycarbonate membrane. The physiological shear stress in the human vasculature was also modeled in this device. Cell viability on the chip was monitored by cell staining and immunofluorescence staining. The cells spread well and the structure of an intercellular adhesion protein was satisfactory. The permeability of fluorescent tracers and three model drugs and the functional expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)on the blood-brain barrier were investigated. The results show that the apparent permeability coefficients (Papp) of the fluorescent tracers and three model drugs were consistent with those reported in the literature, and P-gp on the chip showed normal function, indicating that there was a complete structure and a functional BBB. The permeability of six active components of traditional Chinese medicine was investigated through this microfluidic chip and the drug concentration was determined by HPLC-MS/MS to obtain the Papp of each component. The Papp of corydaline was (4.51 ± 1.90)×10-7 cm·s-1, the Papp of tetrahydropalmatine was (9.10 ± 6.59)×10-7 cm·s-1, and the Papp of imperatorin was (9.38 ± 2.53)×10-7 cm·s-1; the concentration of isoimperatorin, baicalin and chlorogenic acid was below the limit of quantification, which suggested that isoimperatorin, baicalin and chlorogenic acid have poor permeability in this BBB chip. This blood-brain barrier microfluidic platform possesses a complete barrier function and near-physiological conditions and could be a valuable in vitro tool for drug permeability evaluation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940429

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of Maxingshigantang enema in the treatment of infant viral pneumonia by comparing related indicators, and comprehensively evaluate the effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) enema on the intestinal microenvironment. MethodSixty infants with viral pneumonia were selected and randomly divided into 3 groups. The dosage of enema drugs in high- (0.117 g·mL-1) and low-concentration (0.07 g·mL-1) TCM enema groups was same (3.5 g per time), and the control group received normal saline enema, once a day for 7 days. Finally, the curative effect, total symptom score, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), human beta defensin 2 (hBD2) and fecal calprotectin (CALP) of each group were statistically analyzed by SPSS 21.0, and the clinical efficacy of TCM enema in treating children with pneumonia and asthma was comprehensively evaluated. ResultThe curative effect of high-concentration TCM enema group (total effective rate 100%, χ2=7.059) was equivalent to that of low-concentration TCM enema group (total effective rate 95%, χ2=4.329), higher than that of control group (total effective rate 70%) (P<0.017). After treatment, compared with control group and low-concentration TCM enema group, high-concentration TCM enema group had higher total symptom score of children (P<0.05, P<0.01). The proportion of coccobacillus was reduced in three groups, with high- and low-concentration TCM enema groups lower than control group (P<0.05). The salivary sIgA concentration was increased in three groups (P<0.05), with high-concentration TCM enema group higher than the other groups (P<0.01). The hBD2 concentration was decreased in three groups, with high- and low-concentration TCM enema groups lower than control group (P<0.05). The three groups reduced the fecal CALP concentration, and high-concentration TCM enema group had the highest reduction, followed by low-concentration TCM enema group (P<0.01). ConclusionTCM enema outweighs western medicine in improving clinical symptoms, intestinal flora, and mucosal immune function, and reducing inflammation in children, and the high-concentration TCM enema group has better curative effect. Therefore, with easiness to operate, high compliance, and significant therapeutic effect, TCM enema is worthy of clinical promotion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936099

ABSTRACT

Objective: Currently, the Overlap anastomosis is one of the most favored reconstruction methods of intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy (EJS). Despite many advantages of the method, it remains some shortcomings to be improved when it comes to the retraction of the esophagus stump, the insertion of the anvil fork of the linear stapler into a "pseudo" lumen, and the closure of the common entry hole. This study aims to investigate the safety and feasibility of a multi-mode modified Overlap anastomosis. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Medical records of 152 consecutive patients who underwent totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) with our multi-mode modified Overlap EJS method by the same surgical team at our department from February 2017 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The multi-mode modified Overlap method mainly included (1) After ensuring the safety of tumor resection margin (proximal margin was at least 3 cm from the tumor), the esophagus was partially transected from left to right (with 5-8 mm width esophagus continuation). The specimen was then placed in a plastic bag which was tied up at the mouth using strings with a part of the esophageal wall poking through. Then the plastic bag containing the specimen was transferred to the right lumbar region, while the patient's body position was adjusted so that the abdominal esophagus could be pulled by the gravity of the specimen. (2) Using the "three-direction traction" method. The esophageal lumen was properly exposed, then guided by the gastric tube, the anvil fork was accurately placed into the esophageal lumen for completing the side-to-side EJS. (3) The 3-0 barbed suture was used in the closure of the common entry hole of the stapler from dorsally to ventrally with simple one-layer continuous suture (the stitch going from inside to inside) followed by continuous Lembert's suture (the stitch going from outside to outside). Combined with clinicopathological characteristics, the perioperative outcomes and postoperative complications of the whole group were analyzed and evaluated. Results: The study cohort included 129 men and 23 women, with a mean age of (60.2±9.1) years and a mean body mass index (BMI) of (23.2±3.1) kg/m(2). Of the 152 patients, 23 patients (15.1%) had a history of previous abdominal surgery; dentate line was invaded by tumor in 21 patients (13.8%). The mean length of the proximal resection margin was (3.3±0.3) cm and the postoperative pathological examination indicated negative resection margin tumor. The mean operative time and anastomotic time were (302.1±39.9) minutes and (29.8±5.4) minutes, respectively. The mean estimated blood loss was (87.9±46.4) ml. The mean length of postoperative hospital stay was (12.3±7.3) days. The overall severe postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ II) occurred in 22 patients (14.5%). Six cases of pancreatic leakage were successfully recovered by adequate drainage, inhibition of pancreatic exocrine secretion and nutritional support. Ten cases of pneumonia and three cases of abdominal infection were cured with anti-infection and physical therapy. Two patients developed anastomotic leakage postoperatively. One case was caused by excessive tension of the Roux loop of the jejunum and excessive opening on the side of the jejunum after side-to-side anastomosis, and the other case was caused by an accidental intraoperative occurrence of "nasogastric tube stapled to the side-to-side anastomosis". Both of them recovered after conservative treatment including adequate drainage, anti-infection, and adequate nutritional support. One patient underwent immediate open surgery because of Peterson's hernia 7 days after TLTG, and the patient died due to extensive small bowel necrosis. Conclusions: Multi-mode modified overlap method simplifies the operation and reduces the difficulty of EJS. It is a safe and feasible method for EJS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Feasibility Studies , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Male , Margins of Excision , Middle Aged , Plastics , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936092

ABSTRACT

With the development of instrument, equipment and surgical skills, especially the emergence of a series of high-level medical evidence, the laparoscopic techniques in the field of gastric surgery has been further expanded. Totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) has certain technical difficulties, and more challenges are reflected in the digestive tract reconstruction. The use of linear staplers has reduced the difficulty of digestive tract reconstruction to a certain extent and has strongly promoted the transition from laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy to TLTG. However, for TLTG, there are still many details that should be carefully concerned, so as to effectively avoid the surgical pitfalls and ensure the fluency and safety of the procedure. In this article, we discuss the surgical details based on our own experiences, including how to obtain surgical field exposure well, how to manage specific accidents when using linear stapler for esophagojejunostomy, how to prevent intra-abdominal hernias and Roux stasis syndrome, and how to prevent the stapled lines of the esophageal or jejunal stumps from direct contact with aorta.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Humans , Jejunum/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 81-86, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935912

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of transient elastography, aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis index based on 4 factors (FIB-4) for liver fibrosis in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 100 cases of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Hunan Children's Hospital between August 2015 to October 2020 to collect liver tissue pathological and clinical data. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of liver stiffness measurement (LSM), APRI and FIB-4 in the diagnosis of different stages of liver fibrosis caused by NAFLD in children. Results: The area under the ROC curve (AUC) value of LSM, APRI and FIB-4 for diagnosing liver fibrosis (S≥1) were 0.701 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.579 ~ 0.822, P = 0.011], 0.606 (95%CI: 0.436 ~ 0.775, P = 0.182), and 0.568 (95%CI: 0.397 ~ 0.740, P = 0.387), respectively. The best cut-off values were 6.65 kPa, 21.20, and 0.18, respectively. The AUCs value of LSM, APRI, and FIB-4 for diagnosing significant liver fibrosis (S≥ 2) were 0.660 (95% CI: 0.552 ~ 0.768, P = 0.006), 0.578 (95% CI: 0.464 ~ 0.691, P = 0.182) and 0.541 (95% CI: 0.427 ~ 0.655, P = 0.482), respectively. The best cut-off values were 7.35kpa, 24.78 and 0.22, respectively. The AUCs value of LSM, APRI and FIB-4 for the diagnosis of advanced liver fibrosis (S≥ 3) were 0.639 (95% CI: 0.446 ~ 0.832, P = 0.134), 0.613 (95% CI: 0.447 ~ 0.779, P = 0.223) and 0.587 (95% CI: 0.411 ~ 0.764, P = 0.346), respectively. The best cut-off values were 8.55kpa, 26.66 and 0.27, respectively. Conclusion: The transient elastography technique has a better diagnostic value than APRI and FIB-4 for liver fibrosis in children with NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biomarkers , Child , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Humans , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Function Tests , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 489-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934770

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive values of the initial model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, MELD combined with serum sodium (MELD-Na) score and MELD combined with serum lactic acid (MELD-Lac) score for early survival rate after liver transplantation in patients with liver failure. Methods Clinical data of 135 recipients undergoing liver transplantation for liver failure were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into the early survival group (n=110) and early death group (n=25) according to the survival at postoperative 28 d. Clinical data were compared between two groups. The optimal cut-off values of MELD, MELD-Na and MELD-Lac scores for predicting early survival rate after liver transplantation in patients with liver failure were determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The predictive values of different scores for early survival rate after liver transplantation in patients with liver failure were evaluated. Results Significant differences were observed in the initial MELD, MELD-Na and MELD-Lac scores after liver transplantation between two groups (all P < 0.05). For the initial MELD, MELD-Na and MELD-Lac scores in predicting early survival rate after liver transplantation in patients with liver failure, the AUC were 0.653 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.515-0.792], 0.648 (95%CI 0.514-0.781) and 0.809 (95%CI 0.718-0.900), the optimal cut-off values were 18.09, 18.09 and 19.97, Youden's indexes were 0.398, 0.380 and 0.525, the sensitivity was 0.680, 0.680 and 0.840, and the specificity was 0.720, 0.700 and 0.690, respectively. The AUC of MELD-Lac score was higher than those of MELD and MELD-Na scores, and the differences were statistically significant (both P < 0.05). Conclusions Compared with the initial MELD and MELD-Na scores after liver transplantation, the initial MELD-Lac score is a more reliable index for predicting early survival rate after liver transplantation in patients with liver failure.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 100-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and significance of endoplasmic reticulum stress apoptosis pathway related proteins in renal cortex of rats with chronic fluorosis.Methods:Twenty four healthy SD rats were divided into 4 groups (6 rats/group, half male and half female) according to their body mass (100 - 120 g) by random number table method, rats in control group drank tap water (fluoride content < 0.5 mg/L), and in low, medium and high fluoride groups drank tap water with fluoride content (sodium fluoride) of 10, 50 and 100 mg/L, respectively. After 180 days of feeding, dental fluorosis was examined, 24-hour urine sample was collected and the content of fluoride in urine was detected by fluoride ion selective electrode method. Renal tissue was taken after anesthesia, and the pathological changes of renal cortex were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress apoptosis pathway related proteins [inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α), apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and phosphorylated JNK (P-JNK)] were determined by immunohistochemical staining in rat renal cortex.Results:No dental fluorosis was found in control group. The incidence of dental fluorosis in low, medium and high fluoride groups were 2/6, 5/6 and 6/6, respectively. Compared with control group [(5.707 ± 1.190) mg/L], the urinary fluoride in low, medium and high fluoride groups [(17.028 ± 3.006), (34.378 ± 12.045), (94.759 ± 31.773) mg/L] was significantly higher ( P < 0.05), and the urinary fluoride in high fluoride group was higher than that in low and medium fluoride groups ( P < 0.05). HE staining showed that, compared with control group, the cell volume of renal tubules and glomeruli in medium and high fluoride groups increased, the cells arranged closely, and the eosinophilia of the cytoplasm increased. The immunohistochemical staining results showed that there was no significant difference in the expression of JNK protein in rat renal cortex between control group and low, medium and high fluoride groups ( F = 0.07, P > 0.05). The expressions of IRE1α, ASK1 and P-JNK proteins in rat renal cortex in high fluoride group were higher than those of control, low and medium fluoride groups ( P < 0.05), and the expressions of IRE1α and ASK1 proteins in medium fluoride group were significantly higher than those in control and low fluoride groups ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Long-term excessive fluoride intake can lead to renal cortex injury in rats, and the mechanism of injury may be related to the activation of IRE1α-ASK1-JNK endoplasmic reticulum stress apoptosis pathway.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a training program to improve the psychological nursing ability of clinical nurses, so as to provide a strong guarantee for the clinical development of psychological nursing.Methods:By consulting the literature, related books and investigating the curriculum of nursing colleges, the first draft of the training program was drawn up. Four departments of Cardiovascular Medicine of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from May to August 2019 were recruited and 64 nurses were trained. After the training, the training program was revised again. After two rounds of training and modification, the second draft of the training program was formed, and then Delphi method was used to conduct two rounds of expert consultation on the second draft of the training program.Results:The positive coefficients of experts in the two rounds of consultation were 94.1% and 96.7% respectively, and the average authority coefficient of experts was 0.81. The final training contents included 5 first-class indexes, 18 second-class indexes and 45 third-class indexes. The coefficient of variation of each item of training contents was 0.06-0.23, and the coefficient of variation of training methods and training duration of each part was 0.06-0.17.Conclusions:The training program is scientific, reasonable, detailed and practical, which can provide guarantee for improving the psychological nursing ability of clinical nurses.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929842

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease in children.With the development of high-throughput sequencing technology, it has been found that the occurrence and development of asthma is closely related to the dysbiosis of human microbiome.Studies have shown that the changes of respiratory microbiota can significantly affect the mucosal immune system of the host.Respiratory microbiota may be involved in pathophysiological processes such as airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling through specific mechanisms in asthma.This review focuses on the relationships between the respiratory microbiota and mucosal immunity, as well as their effects on the pathogenesis of asthma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928266

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tibial coronal curvature on the alignment of tibial prosthesis in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#From July 2019 to April 2021, 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis were treated with total knee arthroplasty. Before operation, the full-length films of lower limbs were taken and the tibial bowing angle(TBA) was measured. TBA more than 2° was tibial bending, which was divided into tibial bending group and non bending group. There were 40 cases in tibial bending group, 9 males and 31 females, aged 56 to 84 years old with an average of (69.22±7.10) years. There were 60 cases in the non bending group, 19 males and 41 females, aged from 51 to 87 years old with an average of (70.80±7.21) years. The preoperative tibial length (TL) and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) were measured and compared between the two groups. The full-length X-rays of the lower limbs were taken again 3 days to 1 week after operation. The medial angle of the tibial component coronal aligement angle (TCCA) and the outilier rate of force line of the tibial prosthesis were measured and compared between the two groups. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and age, TCCA and height, TCCA and weight, TCCA and BMI, TCCA and TBA, TCCA and TL, TCCA and MPTA; Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation between TCCA and gender, TCCA and Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grade.@*RESULTS@#All 100 patients successfully completed the operation and obtained satisfactory full-length X-rays in standing position. There was no significant difference in TL, MPTA and TCCA between bending group and non bending group(P>0.05). The outilier rate of force line in tibial bending group was 22.5%, and that in non bending group was 6.67%, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05). The correlation study found that TCCA was strongly correlated with TBA(r=-0.702, P<0.01), weakly correlated with MPTA(r=0.311, P<0.01), and had no correlation with other parameters(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing total knee arthroplasty, tibial bending will lead to poor force line of tibial prosthesis. During operation, attention should be paid to osteotomy of proximal tibial vertical tibial mechanical axis and correct installation of prosthesis to avoid poor alignment of prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181092, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374550

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was designed to examine the effects of atorvastatin on vascular inflammatory responses in human coronary artery endothelial cells(HCAECs), when challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) ligand. HCAECs were pretreated with atorvastatin and induced by LPS. The expression of TLR4, interleukin -6(IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1(MCP-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecular-1(ICAM-1), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) were evaluated using Real-time polymerase chain reaction, cytokine ELISA assay and Western blotting. The results showed that pretreatment with atorvastatin down-regulated the expression of TLR4 in LPS-activated HCAECs. Atorvastatin also attenuated the LPS-induced expression of interleukin IL-6 and MCP-1, at both the transcription and translation level in HCAECs. LPS-induced endothelial cell adhesion molecules, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression were also reduced by pretreatment with atorvastatin. Furthermore, atorvastatin efficiently suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of NF-κB and p38 MAPK in HCAECs. These findings show that atorvastatin suppresses endothelial cell inflammation, suggesting that atorvastatin may be suitable for development as a therapeutic agent for inflammatory cardiovascular disease.

14.
Clinics ; 77: 100018, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375179

ABSTRACT

Abstract Methods Circ_0075825 expression in adjacent tissues and GC tissues was evaluated by bioinformatics method and quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). How circ_0075825 regulated GC cell growth, migration, invasion, and apoptosis were investigated by cell counting kit-8 assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry. The targeted interplays among circ_0075825, and miR-432-5p and Sex-Determining Region Y-related high-mobility group box 9 (SOX9) were explored by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter gene assay. The regulatory effects of circ_0075825 and miR-432-5p on SOX9 protein expression were probed by western blot. Results Circ_0075825 expression was raised in GC tissues and cell lines. Circ_0075825 overexpression promoted the proliferative, migrative and invasive abilities of GC cells, while inhibiting apoptosis, while depletion of circ_0075825 suppressed the malignant biological behaviors of GC cells. SOX9 was identified as one of the direct target genes of miR-432-5p, and circ_0075825 repressed the expression of miR-432-5p, to induce the expression of SOX9. Furthermore, miR-432-5p overexpression counteracted the promoting effect of circ_0075825 on the malignancy of GC cells. Conclusion Circ_0075825 promotes GC progression via sponging miR-432-5p to regulate SOX9 expression level, and it may be a novel therapeutic target for treating GC.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 355-362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the protein and mRNA expressions of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)B, P62 and Beclin1 in the liver of rats with chronic fluorosis, and to explore the role of autophagy in pathogenesis of liver injury induced by fluorosis.Methods:Using a group design, 54 SD rats were divided into 9 groups according to their weight (100 - 120 g) using a random number table method, each group with 6 rats, half male and half female. They were control group (NC group), low fluoride group (LF group), high fluoride group (HF group), NC + rapamycin (RAP) group, LF + RAP group, HF + RAP group, NC + chloroquine (CQ) group, LF + CQ group, and HF + CQ group. The NC group drank tap water (fluoride concentration was 0.5 mg/L), LF group drank fluoride water (fluoride concentration was 5.0 mg/L), HF group drank fluoride water (fluoride concentration was 50.0 mg/L); NC + RAP group, LF + RAP group and HF + RAP group were fed with corresponding drinking water, respectively, for 3 months, and then RAP (1.5 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered for 10 d; NC + CQ group, LF + CQ group and HF + CQ group were fed with corresponding drinking water, respectively, for 3 months, and then CQ (60 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered for 10 d. Bone and 24-hour urine samples of rats in each group were collected to detect the contents of bone fluoride and urine fluoride; liver histomorphological changes were observed through hematoxylineosin staining; protein and mRNA expressions of LC3B, P62 and Beclin1 in liver were detected by immunohistochemistry and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, respectively.Results:Compared with the NC group [(0.03 ± 0.00) mg/kg, (0.34 ± 0.08) mg/L], the contents of bone fluoride [(3.86 ± 0.08) mg/kg] and urine fluoride [(1.11 ± 0.16) mg/L] in HF group were higher ( P < 0.05). In the NC group, the lobule structure of liver tissue was clear, the hepatic cords were arranged in order, and the cell structure was normal. There were different degrees of hepatocyte edema in LF and HF groups. After intraperitoneal injection of RAP, compared with the corresponding fluoride group, the morphology of hepatocytes did not change significantly. After intraperitoneal injection of CQ, compared with the corresponding fluoride group, the liver cells showed obvious edema, and the degree of edema aggravated with the increase of fluoride concentration. Compared with the NC group, the protein expressions of LC3B and Beclin1 in HF group were higher ( P < 0.05), and the protein expression of P62 was lower ( P < 0.05). After intraperitoneal injection of RAP, the protein expressions of LC3B and P62 in LF + RAP group was lower than that in LF group ( P < 0.05); Compared with HF group, the protein expressions of LC3B and Beclin1 in HF + RAP group were lower ( P < 0.05). After intraperitoneal injection of CQ, protein expression of P62 in LF + CQ group was higher than that in LF group ( P < 0.05); Compared with HF group, protein expression of P62 in HF + CQ group was higher ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:Early (3 month) fluoride intake could promote autophagy and induce edema of hepatocytes in rats, and RAP had similar effects. CQ may induce liver injury by inhibiting autophagy of hepatocytes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and optimize the teaching content of clinical case discussion course based on clinical pathophysiology and therapy (CPPT), and to improve the teaching quality of this course.Methods:Self-compiled evaluation form was sent to all the students who participated in this course in 2016-2017 school year, and the teaching satisfaction and teaching characteristics were evaluated. The differences of evaluation results from students with different educational programs or teachers with different seniority were compared, and the correlation between evaluation results and teachers' seniority was analyzed.Results:The students had a high evaluation on the course, but students from different programs had significant different comments on thinking inspiring, speech encouraging, questions guiding, process holding and effective feedback, as well as the self-evaluation of mastery degree. For teachers with different seniority, there were significant differences in scores in all aspects except speech encouraging, but no differences in mastery degree. Spearman analysis showed that there was a certain correlation between scores and teachers' seniority.Conclusion:The overall situation of the CPPT case discussion course in our school is worthy of recognition, but it needs to be improved in many aspects.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The goal of this study was to create a biomaterial which combines concentrated growth factor (CGF) with an adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) sheet to promote the repair of skull defects in rats. @*METHODS@#We determined the optimal concentration of CGF extract by investigating the effects of different concentrations (0, 5%, 10%, and 20%) on the proliferation and differentiation of ADSCs. Then we created a complex combining CGF with an ADSC sheet, and tested the effects on bone repair in four experimental rat groups: (A) control; (B) ADSC sheet; (C) CGF particles; (D) combination of CGF ? ADSCs. Eight weeks after the procedure, osteogenesis was assessed by micro-CT and hematoxylin and eosin staining. @*RESULTS@#We found that the concentration of CGF extract that promoted optimal ADSC proliferation and differentiation in vitro was 20%. In turn, bone regeneration was promoted the most by the combination of CGF and ADSCs. @*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we determined the optimal ratio of CGF and ADSCs to be used in a biomaterial for bone regeneration. The resulting CGF/ADSCs complex promotes maxillofacial bone defect repair in rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879102

ABSTRACT

As the most advanced environment-friendly production model in the international society, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is the only way for the development of modern agriculture. With the proposal of the declaration on ecolo-gical agriculture of CMM, "Don't grab land from farmland, don't be enemies of grass and insects, don't be afraid of barren slopes and forests, and live up to the green and green mountains", the ecological planting of CMM has blossomed all over the country, and formed a scientific theory, technology and model. Based on the theory and method of economics, this paper expounds the comprehensive benefits and development advantages of ecological agriculture of CMM from the perspectives of farmers(producers), patients(consumers) and the country. From the perspective of medicinal farmers, the input and output income of conventional agriculture and ecological agriculture of CMM such as Panax ginseng, Astragalus propinquus, Atractylodes lancea, and Bupleurum chinense were compared, and it was found that ecological agriculture of CMM had obvious advantages in net income, average annual income and input-output ratio, which could better promote farmers' income. From the perspective of patients, according to the same dose, the content of active ingredients in ecologically planted CMMs is significantly higher than that in conventionally-planted herbs, and the amount of effective substances taken by patients is also higher, so as to achieve better therapeutic effect. At the national level, ecological planting of CMM is the key to ensuring the high-quality development of CMM industry, increasing farmers' income, ensuring the safety of people's drug use and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture. It is also an important part of realizing the harmonious development of economy, society and environment and promoting ecological civilization. In general, the declaration on ecological agriculture of CMM embo-dies the core characteristics and goals of ecological agriculture, and also points of the path and vision of ecological agriculture of CMM in the future. The declaration will guide production practice, promote the benefit of farmers, and lay the foundation for the sustainable development of CMM industry.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1404-1411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical effects of lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws for the treatment of sacral fractures.Methods:The data of 12 patients with sacral fractures treated with lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws from December 2019 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 9 females with an average age of 32.6±15.0 years (range, 13-52 years); causes of injury: 11 fall injuries and 1 traffic injury. The Denis classification of sacrum fracture: 4 cases of type II and 8 cases of type III. AO (Tile-Muller) classification: 4 cases of type C1.3, 8 cases of type C3.3; of the 8 cases of C3.3 fractures, Roy-Camille and Strange-Vognsen classification: 2 cases of type II, 6 cases of type III. According to the scoring system of Gibbons sacral nerve injury, there were 6 cases of scored 3 and 2 cases of scored 4; 4 cases of C1.3 fractures had no nerve injury. The time from injury to operation was 6 to 32 days, with an average of 19.3±9.2 days. After the vital signs were stabilized, laminectomy and decompression of sacral nerve roots, fracture reduction, lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-ilac screws were performed. The fixation method of the anterior ring was determined according to the injury. The postoperative fracture reduction quality was evaluated according to Matta criteria. The clinical function and neurological function were evaluated according to the Majeed scoring system and Gibbons sacral nerve injury scoring system at the last follow-up.Results:Twelve patients were operated smoothly. 8 cases of C3.3 fractures were fixed by lumbopelvic fixation, of which 6 cases of U-shaped fractures were fixed by transverse rods due tolongitudinal separation displacement; Four cases of C1.3 used triangular osteosynthesis and transverse fixation in 3 cases with sacroiliac screws, and 1 case with sacral local plate. Six patients with anterior ring injury were fixed with steel plate in 4 cases, INFIX in 1 case and pubic branch screw in 1 case. All patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months, with an average of 7.3±1.7 months. Postoperative Matta standard evaluation: excellent in 7 cases; good in 4 cases; fair in 1 case. Majeed score at the last follow-up: excellent in 6 cases, good in 5 cases, and fair in 1 case. One of 2 cases of rectal and bladder dysfunction patients completely recovered, the other was found partial rupture of the nerve roots of sacrum 1 and 2 during operation, whose muscle strength below the calf was still reduced; 6 cases of preoperative muscle strength loss below the calf were significantly improved, among which 4 patients recovered completely, and 2 patients had lower limb sensory impairment; the Gibbons score improved by an average of 1.8±0.7 points (preoperative average 3.2 points, postoperative average 1.4 points). X-ray examinations were performed 3 to 6 months after the operation showed that the fractures were all healed. During the follow-up period, no complications such as fat liquefaction, infection, wound healing, and screw protrusion discomfort were found.1 case of S 2AI screw penetrated the outer plate of the ilium, and there was no pelvic tilt and unequal length deformity of the lower limbs. One patient took out the internal fixation 6 months after the operation due to lower back discomfort. At the last follow-up, all patients had no internal fractures or loss of fracture reduction. Conclusion:Lumbopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis using sacral ala-iliac screws for the treatment of sacral fractures are reliable, with less trauma and lower incidence of complications; and the clinical results are satisfactory.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910579

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic liver resection in treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the clinicopathological data of 65 patients with ICC who underwent hepatectomy from January 2014 to May 2020 in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College. There were 37 males and 28 female with an average age of 52 years old. There were 23 patients in the laparoscopy group and 42 patients in the open liver resection (laparotomy) group. The surgical data, complications, long-term recurrence and survival rates were compared between groups.Results:The blood transfusion rate in the laparoscopy group was 8.7% (2/23), which was significantly lower than that in the laparotomy group (16.7% or 7/42) ( P=0.028). The recovery time of gastrointestinal function in the laparoscopy group was (2.8±1.6) days, which was significantly shorter than that in the laparotomy group (4.3±1.1 days, P=0.006). The incidence of complications in the laparotomy group was 31.0% (13/42), which was significantly higher than that in the laparoscopy group (17.4% or 4/23) ( P=0.033). There were 11 patients (47.8%) in the laparoscopy group and 22 patients (52.4%) in the laparotomy group who developed tumor recurrence, with no significant difference in the recurrence rates between the two groups ( P=0.788). The 1, 3, and 5-year cumulative survival rates in the laparoscopy group were 82.6%, 47.8%, and 34.8%, and 83.3%, 42.9%, and 28.6% respectively in the laparotomy group. There were no significant differences in the cumulative survival rates between the two groups ( P=0.494). Conclusions:Laparoscopic radical resection of ICC was technically feasible, safe, and efficacious. Laparoscopic liver resection achieved better results in blood transfusion, gastrointestinal function recovery, and perioperative complications rates than laparotomy.

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