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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of prenatal MRI and postnatal CT images of fetal congenital mesoblastic nephroma (CMN).Methods:We retrospectively recruited three women with a singleton pregnancy suspected of having fetal CMN by prenatal imaging examination and confirmed by postpartum surgical resection and pathological examination at Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center from August 2017 to April 2019. The prenatal MRI, postnatal CT, and pathological examination data were analyzed to summarize the image features of fetal CMN using descriptive statistical analysis.Results:(1) The total number of deliveries in the setting during the same period was 57 716, and the incidence of CMN was 0.005% (3/57 716). All the cases were male and born through cesarean section due to polyhydramnios for case 1 and 2 and sudden fetal distress, fetal pericardial effusion with enlarged mass in the third trimester for case 3. (2) Prenatal MRI examination found that the lesions in case 1 and 3 were located in the left kidney, and in the right kidney in case 2. The tumors in the three cases were all around with clear borders and hyperintense signal on T2-weighed imaging (T2WI). Iso-signal on T1WI was noted for case 1 and 2, a slightly hypointense signal on T1-weighed imaging (T1WI), and a hyperintense signal on diffused weighed imaging were noted for case 3. (3) Postnatal CT plain scan showed uniform density tumor in cases 1 and 2 with "packing sign" in CT enhancement. Non-uniform density, internal, larger and high-density bleeding tumor was found in case 3, and the CT enhancement manifested as nodular, non-uniform, and intratumoral bleeding. (4) Postoperative pathological examination revealed that cases 1 and 2 were classic types, and case 3 was cellular type.Conclusions:In this study, the prenatal MRI characteristic of CMN is a uniform signal, iso-signal on T1WI for classic type and non-uniform signal, and reduced signal on T1WI for cellular type. In classic type cases, postnatal CT enhancement showed a "packing sign." In contrast, in cellular type cases, the CT plain scan is manifested as non-uniform, intratumoral bleeding, and the enhancement pattern showed nodular and non-uniform enhancement. However, the results of this study is limited due to the small sample size and studies with larger sample size is needed in the future.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 847-852, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910246

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a mesenteric creeping fat index (MCFI) based on CT enterography (CTE) to characterize the degree of creeping fat wrapping around the inflamed gut in Crohn disease (CD), and to assess the relationship between MCFI and the inflammatory intestinal stricture.Methods:From December 2018 to July 2019, the patients with CD who underwent surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were prospectively collected. The extent of perienteric mesenteric vessels wrapping around the gut was reconstructed to develop MCFI based on CTE images. The intestinal stricture index was obtained by calculating the ratio of the maximal upstream luminal diameter divided by the minimum luminal diameter apparent within the stricturing region. Using region-by-region correlation between CTE and surgical specimen, creeping fat score in intestinal specimen was obtained by assessing the extent of creeping fat wrapping around the resected bowel segment, and HE staining was performed on the bowel specimen corresponding to creeping fat to obtain the pathological inflammatory score. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between MCFI, creeping fat score in intestinal specimen, and inflammatory score, intestinal stricture index. The ROC curve analysis was used to assess the accuracy of MCFI in distinguishing moderate-severe and mild inflammatory bowel walls.Results:Totally 30 CD patients were enrolled. The creeping fat score in intestinal specimen positively correlated with pathological inflammatory score ( r s=0.403, P=0.027) and with intestinal stricture index ( r s=0.642, P<0.001). MCFI positively correlated with creeping fat score in intestinal specimen ( r s=0.840, P<0.001), with pathological inflammatory score ( r s=0.497, P=0.005), and with intestinal stricture index ( r s=0.599, P<0.001). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve of MCFI for differentiating moderate-severely from mildly inflammatory bowel walls was 0.718 (95%CI 0.522-0.913). Using MCFI≥4 as a cutoff value, the sensitivity and specificity were 81.8% and 47.4%, respectively. Conclusions:There was a correlation between creeping fat and inflammatory intestinal strictures in CD. MCFI can non-invasively depict the degree of creeping fat wrapping around the gut and assess the inflammatory intestinal stricture.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1299-1302, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the selection strategy of blastocyst transfer number in freeze-thaw cycle for women over 40 years old, so as to provide reference for reducing twin rate and improving perinatal clinical outcome.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of 377 patients who underwent freeze-thaw blastocyst transplantation in the reproductive center of Guangdong Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. They were divided into single blastocyst and double blastocyst transplantatio groups according to the number of blastocyst transplantation. The clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, abortion rate, live birth rate, premature delivery rate, twin rate and singleton delivery rate were compared between the two groups.Results:⑴There was no significant difference between two groups regarding the majority of baseline characteristics, including age at retrieval, age at transfer, body mass index (BMI), antral follicle count (AFC), basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), anti Mullerian hormone (AMH), endometrial thickness at transfer day, number of oocytes retrieved, Gn starting dose, Gn days, Gn dosage, embryos at cleavage stage and top-quality embryos ( P>0.05). ⑵ There was no significant difference in the rate of implantation, early pregnancy loss, late pregnancy loss and live birth between two groups ( P>0.05). ⑶ The preterm birth rate was higher in the double blastocyst transplantation group compared with the single blastocyst transplantation group, albeit not reaching significant difference (31.7% vs 12.5%, P=0.083). ⑷ The clinical pregnancy rate and the twin pregnancy rate was significantly higher in the double blastocyst transplantation group compared with the single blastocyst transplantation group ( P<0.05). ⑸ The singleton birth rate was significantly lower in the double blastocyst transplantation group compared with the single blastocyst transplantation group (75.61% vs 95.83%, P<0.05). Conclusions:In women ≥40 years old, transferring a single blastocyst can result in live birth rate that is similar as transferring two blastocysts while dramatically reducing the risk of twin pregnancy rate and increasing singleton birth rate.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the success rate, operation time and complications of ultrasound combined with X-ray-guided precise implantation of totally implantable access port (TIAP) in the chest wall.Methods:A total of 623 patients who underwent implantation of totally implantable venous access ports in the chest wall in Meizhou People's Hospital, China between January 2015 and August 2018 were included in this study. In group A ( n = 320), jugular or subclavian access ports were precisely implanted in the chest wall under the guidance of ultrasound combined with X-ray. During the surgery, color Doppler ultrasound was used to guide the puncture and a C-arm machine was used to locate the position of catheter tip. In group B ( n = 303), venous access ports were implanted using the conventional method. Subclavian vein puncture was performed using anatomic landmarks and the depth of catheterization was estimated by experience. The success rate of the first implantation, operation time, and complications (pneumothorax, hemothorax, catheter displacement, poor position of catheter tip, skin infection, and thrombosis) were compared between the two groups. Results:There were no statistical differences in baseline data between the two groups ( P > 0.05). The success rate of the first implantation in the group A was significantly higher than that in the group B [100% (320/320) vs. 93.06% (282/303), χ2 = 22.95, P < 0.01]. The operation time in the group A was significantly shorter than that in the group B [(26.48 ± 5.49) minutes vs. (35.51 ± 14.37) minutes, t = -10.25, P < 0.01]. In group A, 2 patients developed pneumothorax and healed after conservative treatment, 6 patients had thrombosis, and the incidence of complications was 2.5% (8/320). In group B, complications occurred in 67 patients, including pneumothorax in 9 patients, poor catheter tip position in 17 patients, thrombosis in 36 patients, and skin infection in 1 patient, and the incidence of complications was 22.11% (67/303). There was significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( χ2 = 56.53, P < 0.01). In group B, 6 out of 9 patients developing pneumothorax were healed after closed thoracic drainage, and 4 patients underwent a secondary surgery because of catheter displacement into the internal jugular vein. Conclusion:Precise implantation of venous access ports in the chest wall guided by ultrasound combined with X-ray has the advantages including 100% success rate of first precise implantation, few complications, short operation time, high comfort, safety and efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878926

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the effect and mechanism of fucoxanthin on insulin resistance of obese mice induced by high-fat diet. Fifty C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into control group and high-fat diet group. The insulin resistance model was induced with high-fat diet for 12 weeks, and model mice were randomly divided into model group, fucoxanthin-0.2% group, fucoxanthin-0.4% group and metformin group. After dietary treatment for 6 weeks, the body weight and epididymal fat weight in each group were measured. Fasting blood glucose(FBG), fasting insulin(FINS), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein(LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein(HDL-C) were measured, and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) was calcula-ted. The pathological morphology in liver was observed by hematoxylin eosin staining, and the expressions of some key proteins in insulin receptor substrate 1(IRS-1)/posphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3 K)/serine-threonine kinase(Akt) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-γ(PPARγ)/sterol regulatory element binding protein-1(SREBP-1)/fatty acid synthetase(FAS) pathways in liver were detected by Western blot. According to the findings, compared with the model group, levels of body weight, epididymal fat weight, FBG, FINS, TC, TG, LDL-C and HOMA-IR, as well as protein expressions of PPARγ, SREBP-1 and FAS in liver were significantly reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01), while level of HDL-C and protein expressions of p-IRS-1, IRS-1, PI3 K and p-Akt in liver were signi-ficantly increased after treatment with fucoxanthin(P<0.05 or P<0.01). And the pathological changes of liver tissue in fucoxanthin-treated mice were also improved obviously. The results showed that fucoxanthin could improve obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and alleviate insulin resistance in obese mice, and its mechanism is possibly related to the regulation of IRS-1/PI3 K/Akt and PPARγ/SREBP-1/FAS pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Obese , Xanthophylls
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1845-1855, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887001

ABSTRACT

Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) is one of the most difficulties in the studies of cardiovascular diseases, and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in cells is the main cause of it. Reducing ROS level by antioxidant drugs to protect cardiomyocytes is being the spotlight on MIRI treatment. In this review, the research progress of antioxidant drugs in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in recent years was summarized.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical features, treatment methods and efficacy of patients with retinopathy associated with incontinentia pigmenti (IP).Methods:A retrospective case study. Twelve clinical confirmed IP patients (24 eyes) in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2015 to December 2018 were included in this study. The best corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure examination were performed in patients (>4 years old). All patients were examined on the anterior segment, vitreous body, and fundus under topical anesthesia or general anesthesia. Eight cases underwent genetic testing. Patients with active disease should be given anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug treatment, retinal laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy, those without active disease should be observed. All patients were followed up for 1 to 3 months, with an average follow-up time of 18.7 months.Results:All patients were all female, with an average age of 6.3±9.8 years old at the first ophthalmology visit. According to the recommendations of the pediatrician, 3 cases were actively screened for ophthalmology (referrals), with an average age of 0.4±0.5 years (median age: 2 months). A total of 9 cases were not recommended for referrals (non-referrals), including 3 cases of ophthalmology who were diagnosed for the first time due to visual impairment, and 6 cases of undiagnosed IP before the ophthalmology visit, the average age of their first visit was 8.2±10.8 years (medium age: 3 years old). The age of the first visit for non-referred patients was larger than that of referrals, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.141, P=0.036). Among the 24 eyes of 12 cases, there were no obvious fundus abnormalities in 1 case or 2 eyes, 11 cases of IP-related retinopathy in 22 eyes (91.7%, 22/24), 8 cases of binocular asymmetry (66.7%, 8/12). There were active lesions on the fundus in 7 eyes (29.2%, 7/24). Patients underwent simple retinal laser photocoagulation and/or anti-VEGF drug therapy. During the follow-up, retinal neovascularization recurred in 1 eye. Among the 8 cases that underwent genetic testing, 3 cases (37.5%, 3/8) were deleted in exons 4-10 of the IKBKG gene. Conclusions:IP is more common in women. IP-associated retinopathy is noted with early-onset, asymmetrical retinopathy, which is identified with retinal neovascularization and vitreous proliferation. Early detection and timely treatment are essential.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a common neurological complication of sepsis. Delirium is a common symtom of SAE. The pathophysiology of SAE is still unclear, but several likely mechanisms have been proposed, such as mitochondrial and endothelial dysfunction, neurotransmission disturbances, derangements of calcium homeostasis, cerebral microcirculation dysfunction, and brain hypoperfusion. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a non-invasive measure for regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO@*METHODS@#A total of 48 septic patients who admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August 2017 to May 2018, were retrospectively study. Septic shock was diagnosed according to the criteria of sepsis 3.0 defined by the American Association of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Critical Care Medicine. NIRS monitoring was performed during the first 6 hours admitted to ICU with sensors placed on the bilateral forehead of patients. The maximum (rSO@*RESULTS@#The overall 28-day mortality of septic shock patients was 47.92% (23/48), and the incidence of delirium was 18.75% (9/48). The rSO@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cerebral anoxia and hyperoxia, as well as the large fluctuation of cerebral oxygen saturation are important factors that affect the outcomes and the incidence of delirium in septic shock patients, which should be paid attention to in clinical practice. Dynamic monitoring of cerebral oxygen saturation and maintain its stability may be of great significance in patients with septic shock.


Subject(s)
APACHE , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Shock, Septic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873560

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of the two-child policy on the fertility level of residents in Yangpu District. Methods Birth registry data were collected from the residents of Yangpu District in Shanghai during January 2015 to December 2018 for the analysis of birth characteristics and its variation after the two-child policy implementation. Results The total fertility rate was higher than 1 only in 2016 that was 1.04, whereas it was about 0.8 in other three years. The number of the second child increased which was inspired by the policy. However, the increment in the number of second child was far less than the decrease in the first child. From 2015 through 2018, the proportion of second children in the total births with local household registration accounted for 18.84%, 20.03%, 26.29% and 24.35%, respectively. From January 2015 to August 2016, the proportion of second children was on the rise slowly, in which the annual percent change(APC)value was 0.34%(P > 0.05). From September 2016 to May 2017, the proportion of second children had shown an obvious increase, and the APC value was 3.97%(P < 0.05). From June 2017 to December 2018, the proportion of second children was on a downward trend, in which the APC value was -0.97%(P < 0.05). Conclusion Favorable fertility policy may not reverse the fertility level in Yangpu District, which remains at a very low level.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 792-798, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic efficacy of nomogram based on multi-parameter MRI for assessment of bowel fibrosis in patients with Crohn disease(CD).Methods:The clinical and imaging data of CD patients diagnosed by surgical histopathology in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from June 2015 to March 2018 were prospectively collected. All the patients underwent conventional MRI and diffusion kurtosis imaging(DKI) within 2 weeks before surgery. Patients who underwent surgery between June 2015 and September 2017 were included in the model building group, and those who underwent surgery between October 2017 and March 2018 were included in the model validation group. We measured the apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC) from monoexponential model of diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI), apparent diffusional kurtosis(K app), and apparent diffusion for non-Gaussian distribution(D app) from non-Gaussian DKI model, and observed T 2WI signal intensity and enhancement pattern of the same segment. One to three intestinal specimens per patient were stained with Masson′s trichrome for the histological grading of fibrosis. Correlations between qualitative/quantitative MRI indexes and histological grades were evaluated using the Spearman rank test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors to be included into the nomogram for predicting the degree of bowel fibrosis and its diagnostic performance was assessed by internal and external validation. Results:A total of 40 CD patients were included, including 31 in the model construction group and 9 in the model verification group. A total of 81 intestinal specimens from 31 patients were graded as none-to-mild bowel fibrosis( n=32) and moderate-to-severe bowel fibrosis( n=49) according to a scoring system of fibrosis. In the training cohort, the K app value of moderate-to-severely fibrotic bowel walls was significantly higher than that of none-to-mildly fibrotic bowel walls, and the D appand ADC values of moderate-to-severely fibrotic bowel walls were significantly lower than those of none-to-mildly fibrotic bowel walls( Z=-5.999, -4.521 and -3.893; P<0.001). There was no significant difference in T 2WI signal intensity or enhancement pattern between these two groups(χ2=1.571 and 0.103; P>0.05). Moderate and mild correlations of histological fibrosis grades with K appand D app( r=0.721 and -0.483; P<0.001), and a mild correlation with ADC( r=-0.445, P<0.001) were found. Independent factors derived from multivariate logistic regression analysis to predict the degree of bowel fibrosis were K app and D app. Internal and external validation revealed good performance of the nomogram with concordance index of 0.901(95% confidence interval, 0.824-0.978) and 1.000, respectively, for differentiating none-to-mild from moderate-to-severe fibrosis. Conclusion:The DKI-based nomogram can be used to evaluate the bowel fibrosis in CD patients and provides a visual and simple prediction method for clinic.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the management effectiveness of emergency treatment management for emergencies.Methods:To establish precision nursing emergency management system, the response time, triage accuracy, receiving time, information delivery time and rescue success rate were compared before and after the application of the system.Results:After the application of the precision nursing emergency management, the emergency response time was shortened from (6.47±1.25) min to (3.56±1.38) min, and the time for admission and triage reduced from (5.15±0.54) min to (2.84±0.49) min. The time was shortened from (92.45±10.49) minutes to (72.35±13.20) minutes, and the time for information submission was shortened from (121.47±58.41) minutes to (65.23±10.72) minutes; the accuracy of triage diagnosis increased from 96.85% (277/286) to 99.27%(271/273). The rescue success rate increased from 96.15%(275/286) to 98.90%(270/273), and the differences were statistically significant ( t value was -2.920-5.587, χ2 value was 4.220, 4.317, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of precision nursing emergency management in emergencies can improve the emergency response rate and overall level of nursing staff and ensure the safety of patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the clinical practice teaching protocol for nursing undergraduates in midwifery for the purpose to improve the clinical teaching efficiency.Methods:Under the guidance of the core competency index system of midwives established by Lu Hong, based on the literature review and focused group interviews, the preliminary clinical practice teaching protocol was developed by using the Competency Outcomes and Performance Assessment (COPA) model. The clinical practice teaching protocol was improved and finalized through the expert meeting.Results:The teaching objective of the clinical practice teaching protocol was confirmed, and four practical teaching blocks were formed: comprehensive professional skill training, prenatal care, intrapartum care (including neonatal care), postpartum care (including neonatal care and women's health care). Among them, comprehensive professional skill training ran throughout the whole practice teaching process, and the proportions of practice time in the other sections were: 25%, 55% and 20% respectively(practice time of each section/whole practice time). The core elements of teaching project included: core competency, teaching content, teaching method, practice quantity requirement, assessment method and major practice place.Conclusion:The construction process of the clinical practice teaching protocol was prudent and reasonable. The protocol could reflect the core competency of midwives and the characteristics of midwifery. It could also fit the current situation of midwifery practice, with good operability and easy implementation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after adenovirus pneumonia.Methods:Clinical data of 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia hospitalized in Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from January 2011 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Accor-ding to whether they developed BO, children with adenovirus pneumonia were divided into the BO group and the non-BO group.Clinical features of the BO group and the non-BO group were compared by t test, rank sum test or chi square test.Risk factors were analyzed by Logistic regression approach. Results:Among 266 children with adenovirus pneumonia included, 37 patients were developed into BO group, and their age was significantly younger than that of the non-BO group [12.0(8.0, 17.5) months vs.32.0(13.0, 48.0) months, P<0.001]. Compared with the non-BO group, there were more proportion of preterm infants[10.8%(4/37 cases) vs.3.1%(7/229 cases), P=0.028], more instances of comorbidities [21.6%(8/37 cases) vs.4.4%(10/229), P<0.001] and more children with allergic diseas[35.1%(13/37 cases) vs.20.1%(46/229 cases), P=0.041] in the BO group, and the difference was statistically significant.The duration of fever in the BO group was significantly longer than that of the non-BO group [10(4.0, 13.5) d vs.6(4.0, 9.0) d, P=0.011] children with symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia in the BO group were significantly more than the non-BO group[81.1%(30/37 cases) vs.27.9%(64/229 cases), P<0.001; 64.9%(24/37 cases) vs.5.7%(13/229 cases), P<0.001; 59.5%(22/37 cases) vs.6.6%(15/229 cases), P<0.001]. The platelet count, IgG level, and CD3 -CD 19+ lymphocyte percentage were significantly higher in the BO group than the non-BO group [(364±104)×10 9/L vs.(297±105)×10 9/L, P=0.001; 6.74(4.92, 10.16) g/L vs.5.93(1.00, 8.04) g/L, P=0.016; (33.5±15.3)% vs.(26.1±10.2)%, P=0.008]. In contrast, the percentage of CD3 + CD4 + lymphocytes in the BO group was lower than the non-BO group[(29.1±8.0)% vs.(32.5±9.4)%, P=0.044], the difference was statistically significant.The BO group had a higher rate of mixed bacterial infection than the non-BO groups[37.8%(14/37 cases) vs.16.6%(38/229 cases), P=0.003]. An age<26 months, comorbidities, premature birth history, wheezing, shortness of breath, and hypoxemia were independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia( OR=4.808, 30.667, 7.558, 3.909, 8.842, 8.607, all P<0.05). Conclusions:An age of less than 26 months, a history of premature delivery comorbidities, wheezing, shortness of breath and hypoxemia, are independent risk factors for BO after adenovirus pneumonia.Children with above manifestations should receive high resolution CT as soon as possible to determine whether it is BO.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863119

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the infarct size and its related factors in patients with anterior choroidal artery (AchA) territory infarction.Methods:From April 2016 to April 2018, consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction hospitalized in the Department of Neurology, the Affiliated Shuyang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of the disease at baseline, and the Diffusion-Weighted Imaging (DWI) was used to determine the side, location, size, and morphology of the infarct lesions. The patients were divided into small infarction group (<20 mm) and large infarction group (≥20 mm). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for infarct size. Results:A total of 100 consecutive patients with acute AchA territory infarction were enrolled, including 86 (86.0%) in small infarction group, 14 (14.0%) in large infarction group. Based on the NIHSS score, there were 89 patients with mild stroke, 9 with moderate stroke, and 2 with severe stroke. According to DWI, 69 patients (69.0%) had long cord-like infarcts and 31 (31.0%) had other shapes of infarcts. The baseline NIHSS score (7.0 [2.0-10.5] vs. 3.0 [2.0-4.0]; Z=2.353, P=0.019) and the proportion of patients with severe stroke (14.3% vs. 0%; P=0.018), the infarcts in posterior part of periventricular area (85.7% vs. 57.0%; χ2=4.180, P=0.041) and medial globus pallidus (21.4% vs. 4.7%; χ2=5.206, P=0.023), and cord-like infarction (92.9% vs. 65.1%; χ2=4.332, P=0.037) in patients of the large infarction group were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; leukocyte count (7.7±1.7×10 9/L vs. 6.6±1.8×10 9/L; t=2.214, P=0.036) and platelet count (234.5±39.5×10 9/L vs. 198.0±49.4×10 9/L; t=2.618, P=0.010) were significantly higher than those of the small infarction group; the proportion of patients with sensory impairment was significantly higher than that of the small infarction group (50.0% vs. 24.4%; χ2=3.908, P=0.048). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that platelet count (odds ratio 1.018, 95% confidence interval 1.000-1.621; P=0.044) and stroke severity (odds ratio 18.245, 95% confidence interval 1.534-217.052; P=0.022) were significantly and positively correlated with the infarct size. Conclusion:The related factors of the infarct size in patients with AchA territory infarction included sensory impairment, baseline NIHSS score, stroke severity, morphology and location of infarct lesions, and leukocyte and platelet counts, of which platelet count and stroke severity were independently positively correlated with the infarct size.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862458

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand oral health of the elderly in nursing home in Songjiang District, Shanghai, and to provide references for improving their oral health. Methods A total of 375 elderly people in 15 nursing homes in Songjiang District were investigated by questionnaires and oral examination.Tooth loss, denture repair, periodontal condition and oral hygiene habit were analyzed. Results The rate of the tooth loss reached 94.13%.The tooth loss rate in females (96.09%) was significantly higher than that in males (91.03%) (P < 0.01).The rate of complete edentulous jaws was 28.27%.There was a significant difference between the rate of complete edentulous jaws in females (34.35%) and in males (18.62%)(P < 0.05).The rate of denture restoration was 91.51% (97/106).The number of existing teeth per capita was 11.54, and the number of teeth per capita in males (14.48 per person) was significantly higher than that in females (9.70 per person) (P < 0.05).Both the rate of the tooth loss of upper and lower posterior teeth were significantly higher than that of upper and lower anterior teeth (P < 0.01).Thirty-three percent (33.33%) of the elderly brushed their teeth more than twice a day, and almost 20.53% of them didn′t brush their teeth. Conclusion The oral health of the elderly in the nursing homes in Songjiang District is not satisfactory at present.It is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education of oral health care for the elderly in nursing homes in cooperation with multiple departments to improve their awareness of oral health care including appropriate tooth repair for the quality of life.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860879

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe clinical features and imaging findings of children adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). Methods: Clinical and imaging data of 13 children with ACC confirmed by pathology were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 11 cases received preoperative abdominal CT and 4 cases received preoperative abdominal MR scanning. The clinical and imaging manifestations of ACC were observed. Results: Among 13 ACC children, 10 (10/13, 76.92%) were female, and most common clinical manifestations included obvious masculinization (9/13, 69.23%), Cushing syndrome (4/13, 30.77%), clitoral hypertrophy (3/13, 23.08%), pubic hair presbyopia (3/13, 23.08%), abdominal pain and abdominal mass (2/13, 15.38%). Ten children (10/13, 76.92%) had elevated serum androgen. CT showed largeadrenal masses with maximum diameter>6 cm in 7 cases (7/13, 53.85%), the lesions were lobulated in 8 (8/13, 61.54%) cases. Among 13 lesions, 5 (5/11, 45.45%) had uneven density with calcification foci. All lesions unevenly and obviously enhanced after enhancement (11/11, 100%), and "network-like" changes were observed in 8 cases (8/11, 72.23%). Tumor involvement of surrounding tissue and renal vein or inferior vena cava tumor thrombi were noticed in 2 cases (2/11, 18.18%). MR T2WI showed slightly high signal lesions in 3 cases and medium signal lesion in 1 case, all uneven enhanced after enhancement. Conclusion: Imaging manifestations of children ACC had certain characteristics, combining with clinical manifestations were helpful to diagnosis of this disease.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct an artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system to detect gastric ulcer lesions and identify benign and malignant gastric ulcers automatically.Methods:A total of 1 885 endoscopy images were collected from November 2016 to April 2019 in the Digestive Endoscopy Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University. Among them, 636 were normal images, 630 were with benign gastric ulcers, and 619 were with malignant gastric ulcers. A total of 1 735 images belonged to training data set and 150 images were used for validation. These images were input into the Res-net50 model based on the fastai framework, the Res-net50 model based on the Keras framework, and the VGG-16 model based on the Keras framework respectively. Three separate binary classification models of normal gastric mucosa and benign ulcers, normal gastric mucosa and malignant ulcers, and benign and malignant ulcers were constructed.Results:The VGG-16 model showed the best ability of classification. The accuracy of the validation set was 98.0%, 98.0% and 85.0%, respectively, for distinguishing normal gastric mucosa from benign ulcers, normal gastric mucosa from malignant ulcers, and benign ulcers from malignant ulcers.Conclusion:The artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis system obtained in this study shows noteworthy ability of detection of ulcerous lesions, and is expected to be used in clinical to assist doctors to detect ulcer and identify benign and malignant ulcers.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880853

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis patients are at risk of alveolar bone loss during orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) treatment (iPTH) could reduce alveolar bone loss during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in individuals with periodontitis and the underlying mechanism. A rat model of OTM in the context of periodontitis was established and alveolar bone loss was observed. The control, iPTH and iPTH + stattic groups received injections of vehicle, PTH and vehicle, or PTH and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) inhibitor stattic, respectively. iPTH prevented alveolar bone loss by enhancing osteogenesis and suppressing bone resorption in the alveolar bone during OTM in rats with periodontitis. This effect of iPTH was along with STAT3 activation and reduced by a local injection of stattic. iPTH promoted osteoblastic differentiation and might further regulate the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in a STAT3-dependent manner. The findings of this study suggest that iPTH might reduce alveolar bone loss during OTM in rats with periodontitis through STAT3/β-catenin crosstalk.


Subject(s)
Animals , Homeostasis , Humans , Osteogenesis , Parathyroid Hormone , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Rats , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Tooth Movement Techniques , beta Catenin
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826626

ABSTRACT

At the end of 2019, a new form of pneumonia disease known as the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) rapidly spread throughout most provinces of China, and the total global number of COVID-19 cases has surpassed 500 000 by Mar. 27, 2020 (WHO, 2020). On Jan. 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a global health emergency (WHO, 2020). COVID-19 causes most damage to the respiratory system, leading to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. The confirmed case fatality risk (cCFR) was estimated to be 5% to 8% (Jung et al., 2020). Besides physical pain, COVID-19 also induces psychological distress, with depression, anxiety, and stress affecting the general population, quarantined population, medical staff, and patients at different levels (Kang et al., 2020; Xiang et al., 2020). Previous research on patients in isolation wards highlighted the risk of depressed mood, fear, loneliness, frustration, excessive worries, and insomnia (Abad et al., 2010).


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Psychology , Therapeutics , Depression , Therapeutics , Dialectical Behavior Therapy , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychology , Therapeutics , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Psychology
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899474

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to explore the motives of clinical nurses for experiencing empathy with patients and their families based on a self-determination theory framework. @*Methods@#Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with twenty-one nurses at four tertiary hospitals in Anhui, China, were conducted, recorded and transcribed. A content analysis with a directed approach was performed. @*Results@#An analysis of the interview transcripts revealed three categories of empathy motivation: autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and a lack of empathy motivation. Autonomous motivation included personal interests, enjoyment and a sense of value, pure altruism, assimilation, and recognition of the importance of empathy. Controlled motivation highlighted pressures from oneself and others, the possibility of tangible or intangible rewards, and avoidance of adverse effects. Finally, a lack of empathy motivation referred to a lack of intention for empathy and denial of the value of empathy. @*Conclusion@#This study provides a deep understanding of the motives underlying empathy in nurses. The results reveal the reasons for empathy and may support the development of effective strategies to foster and promote empathy in nurses.

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