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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the international experience in colorectal cancer population screening programs, so as to provide reference for the development and promotion of similar programs in China. Methods:We used “colorectal cancer population screening program” as key words to search the database of CNKI and Web of Science in this study. Results:A total of 18 reports (including 17 programs) were selected from 187 Chinese and 1 256 English literatures. International colorectal cancer screening programs were organized to target asymptomatic 50-74 years old population for fecal immunochemical test every two years and recommend participants with positive result to take further colonoscopy. These programs reduced the incidence of colorectal cancer and adenoma, which were beneficial to early diagnosis and treatment in colorectal cancer patients. They also showed good cost-effectiveness. Conclusion:Based on the domestic and foreign experiences, we suggest to further improve colorectal cancer screening programs in China, including designing evidence-based and feasible strategies, attaching importance to the implementation and management of the programs, and simultaneously implementing project monitoring and effectiveness evaluation.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 41-46, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879716

ABSTRACT

Here, we developed a prostate cancer (PCa) risk nomogram including lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) for initial prostate biopsy, and internal and external validation were further conducted. A prediction model was developed on a training set. Significant risk factors with P < 0.10 in multivariate logistic regression models were used to generate a nomogram. Discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model were assessed using C-index, calibration plot, and decision curve analysis (DCA). The nomogram was re-examined with the internal and external validation set. A nomogram predicting PCa risk in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 4-10 ng ml

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of lever positioning manipulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its effect on Cobb angle.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to November 2018, 67 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group by digital table method. There were 34 cases in the treatment group, including 20 males and 14 females, with an average age of (36.09±8.26) years old and a course of (13.79±15.50) months. Treatment group was treated with lever positioning manipulation. There were 33 cases in the control group, including 18 males and 15 females, with an average age of(36.48±7.81) years old and a course of (12.82±15.68) months. Control group was treated with lumbar slanting manipulation. Two groups were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 6 times for a course of treatment, after 2 courses of treatment, the changes of Cobb angle before and after treatment were compared between two groups by imaging. The symptoms and signs were scored with reference to clinical evaluation standard;overall efficacy was evaluated with reference to "Diagnostic Efficacy Criteria of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome" issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for lumbar disc herniation.@*RESULTS@#One patient in each group dropped out. The symptom and sign scores of treatment group and control group before treatment were 18.56± 4.81, 18.61±3.72, while after treatment were 9.41±5.19, 13.55±3.68;treatment group was significantly lower than control group after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the lever positioning manipulation and the lumbar slanting manipulation methods are effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, but clinical effect of lever positioning method on lumbar disc herniation is more significant, and the effect on Cobb angle is more obvious. It is worthy of promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical affect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED) on adjacent segments with different degrees of degeneration and related risk of adjacent segment diseases (ASD) caused by this operation.@*METHODS@#A healthy male adult volunteer was selected, and the lumbosacral vertebra image data was obtained by CT scan, and the external contour of the bone structure was reconstructed. On this basis, the external contour of the bone structure was fitted by using the smooth curve in 3D-CAD software, and the complete three-dimensional finite element modelof the non degenerate L@*RESULTS@#In the finite element model without adjacent segmental disc degeneration, the annulus fibrosus von Mises stress and intradiscal pressure of the PTED model showed only a slight increase under most stress conditions, and a slight decrease in a few conditions, and there was no significant change trend before and after surgery. In the original degenerated adjacent segment disc model, the biomechanical indicators related to disc degeneration in the pre- and post-PTED model showed significant deterioration, leading to an increased risk of potential adjacent spondylopathy.@*CONCLUSION@#PTED surgery will not lead to the significant deterioration of postoperative biomechanical environment of non-degeneration adjacent intervertebral discs, and the original degeneration of adjacent intervertebral discs is a important risk factor for ASD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the expression of signaling lymphocyte activation molecule family 6 (SLAMF6) on peripheral blood CD8 +T cells and perforin and granzyme B and the clinical significance in patients with newly diagnosed severe aplastic anemia(SAA). Methods:The indicators of blood routine and bone marrow and peripheral blood samples of 32 newly diagnosed SAA patients admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were collected for retrospective analysis. Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B on samples CD8 +T cell before therapy and 6 months after therapy (11 cases received transplantation, 21 cases received immunosuppressive therapy [IST]). Spearman correlation analysis was performed to determine the association between clinical indicators and laboratory test results. The expression of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B was also detected in 10 healthy people (normal group) and 13 myelodysplastic syndromes/paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (MDS/PNH) patients (MDS/PNH group). Results:(1) At diagnosis: the expression of SLAMF6 was significantly lower in the SAA group than that in the normal group and the MDS/PNH group ([56.40±6.37]% vs [84.34±5.81]% and [82.24±4.98]% (both P<0.001]). The expression of perforin was significantly higher in the SAA group (32.73±8.46) than that in the normal control group (23.75%±5.10%), and the MDS/PNH group (26.12%±5.53%) (both P<0.05). The expression of granzyme B was also significantly higher in the SAA group (36.23%±7.94%) than that in the normal control group (21.67%±5.05%) and the MDS/PNH group (21.79%±5.10%) (both P<0.001). The expression of SLAMF6 was positively correlated with the hemoglobin ( r=0.804), and reticulocyte absolute values ( r=0.656) in peripheral blood, percentage of granulocytes ( r=0.643) and erythrocytes ( r=0.622) in bone marrow of SAA patients (all P<0.05). Expression of SLAMF6 was negatively correlated with perforin ( r=-0.792) and granzyme B ( r=-0.908) on CD8 +T cells in patients with SAA (both P<0.001). (2) After treatment: the expression of SLAMF6 in peripheral blood CD8 +T cells of 30 surviving patients was higher than pre-treatment ([79.19±12.69]% vs [56.40±6.37]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than pre-treatment level (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 11 transplanted patients was higher than before transplantation ([86.54±3.75]% vs [56.40±7.35]%, P<0.001). The expressions of perforin and granzyme B were lower than before transplantation (both P<0.05). The expression of SLAMF6 on CD8 +T cells in 12 IST-respond patients was higher than that before treatment, while the perforin and granzyme B levels were lower than pre-treatment (all P<0.05). The post-treatment expressions of SLAMF6, perforin and granzyme B were similar as before treatment levels in 7 IST-unrespond patients (all P>0.05). Conclusion:SLAMF6 is significantly down-regulated on CD8 +T cells in newly diagnosed SAA, negatively correlated with the effective factors of CD8 +T cells, which might participate in the immune regulatory of CD8 +T cells as a negative regulatory factor in patients with SAA. The SLAMF6 is significantly up-regulated after hematopoietic recovery, while there is no significant change in treatment-unrespond patients, which could thus serve as an useful diagnostic and therapeutic index of patients with SAA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885173

ABSTRACT

Onset with fever and back pain, an 81-year-old man had sudden oliguria and progressively elevated serum creatine from normal range to 660 μmol/L within 1 week after receiving contrast agents, various antibiotics, and several nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drugs. Urine output recovered after supportive treatment. However, his serum creatinine level rose again soon after a temporary decline accompanied by gross hematuria with almost normal morphology, nephrotic proteinuria, and hypoalbuminemia. Renal biopsy revealed necrotizing glomerulonephritis. Methylprednisolone was intravenously administrated 500 mg per day for 3 days, followed by oral glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide. Gradually the patient′s serum creatinine descended to 144 μmol/L.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study factors influencing postoperative pancreatic fistula rates with a view to prevent postoperation pancreatic fistula from happening.Methods:This is a retrospective study on 281 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from March 2011 to April 2018. There were 89 males and 192 females, with the age of (51.01±13.65) years. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the following factors on the occurrence of pancreatic fistula after operation: gender, age, body mass index(BMI), tumor characteristics, preoperative fasting blood glucose, blood biochemistry, liver function and surgical indications.Results:Of the 281 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy in this study, 245 (87.2%) did not develop pancreatic fistula / biochemical leakage, while 36(12.8%) patients developed clinically significant pancreatic fistula (B/C grade). Univariate analysis showed the factors which affected the incidence of pancreatic fistula after surgery to include: BMI, preoperative fasting blood glucose, and whether the main pancreatic duct was ligated (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the independent factors affecting pancreatic fistula incidence after surgery were BMI≥25 kg/m 2 ( OR=2.354, 95% CI: 1.137-4.873, P<0.05), and main pancreatic duct was not ligated ( OR=4.067, 95% CI: 1.191-13.885, P<0.05). Conclusions:A high BMI increased the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula, while ligation of main pancreatic duct during surgery reduced the risk.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of Hassab operation combined with either radiofrequency ablation(RFA) or liver resection in treatment of liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of patients with primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension operated at the Department of General Surgery of Beijing Ditan Hospital from June 2013 to June 2015. These patients were divided into the RFA combined with Hassab operation group and the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group according to the surgical procedures. The general patient information, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications and the 1-, 3-, and 5-years cumulative survival rates and recurrence-free survival rates were compared.Results:Of 53 patients who were included in the study, 30 patients were in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group (including 28 males and 2 females, average age 46.3 (27.0~64.0) years, and 23 patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group (including 20 males and 3 females), average age 44.7(33.0~59.0) years. There were no significant differences in the general patient information including age, gender, maximum tumor diameter, preoperative laboratory tests (including blood routine, liver function, tumor markers), and Child-Pugh classification between the two groups (all P>0.05). Intraoperative blood loss in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group was significantly less than those in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group [(401.67±183.12) ml vs (552.17±333.88) ml, P<0.05]. There were also no significant differences between the two groups in operation time, blood transfusion during operation, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications ( P>0.05). The incidence of severe postoperative complications (Clavein-Dindo grade ≥ IIIb) in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group was 47.8% (11/23), which was significantly higher than the 20.0% (6/30) in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group were 82.8%, 49.9%, and 33.2%, respectively, while the corresponding survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 81.0%, 58.2%, 43.7%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the RFA combined with Hassab operation group at 1-, 3-, and 5-years after surgery were 79.2%, 38.8%, and 21.6%, respectively. The corresponding recurrence-free survival rates of patients in the liver resection combined with Hassab operation group were 76.4%, 41.7%, and 27.8%, respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:RFA combined with Hassab operation was safe and efficacious to treat primary liver cancer associated with portal hypertension.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 3 (PBX3) and the phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in cervical cancer and its relationship with the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis.Methods:Cervical cancer tissues and adjacent tissues of 85 patients with cervical cancer admitted to Xianlin Gulou Hospital from June 2014 to December 2018 were collected and the expression levels of PBX3 and PTEN were detected by immunohistochemistry. The univariate analysis and Logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between the expression levels of PBX3, PTEN and clinicopathologic features. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the relationship between the expression levels of PBX3, PTEN and prognosis.Results:The positive expression rate of PBX3 protein in cervical cancer tissues was higher than that in adjacent tissues: 38.82%(33/85) vs. 25.53%(20/85); the positive expression rate of PTEN protein was lower than that in adjacent tissues: 36.47%(31/85) vs. 98.82%(84/85), and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). The univariate analysis showed that the expression levels of PBX3 and PTEN were associated with clinical stages, degree of tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion, and degree of tumor invasion ( P<0.05). The multiple Logistic regression model showed that the clinical stages, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis were independent influencing factors for the positive expression of PBX3 or PTEN in cervical cancer tissues ( P<0.05). While 45.45%(15/33) of patients with positive PBX3 expression died, with a median survival of 31 months, and 25.00% (13/52)of patients with negative expression died, with a median survival of 38 months. Kaplan-rank test showed that the survival time in the patients with positive PBX3 expression and in the patients with negative expression had significant difference ( P=0.025). While 22.58%(7/31) of patients with positive PTEN expression died, with a median survival of 39 months, and 38.89%(21/54) of the patients with negative expression died, with a median survival time of 33 months. Kaplan-rank test showed that the survival time in the patients with positive PTEN expression and in the patients with negative expression had significant difference ( P=0.035). Conclusions:The expression of PBX3 is up-regulated and PTEN is down-regulated in cervical cancer. The expression levels of PBX3 and PTEN are related to clinical stage, tumor differentiation and lymph node metastasis. The prognosis of the patients with positive PBX3 expression is worse than that of the patients with negative expression, and the prognosis of the patients with positive PTEN expression is better than that of the patients with negative expression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882986

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the pain experience of discharged patients after thoracoscopic lobectomy, identify the out-of-hospital pain management needs of patients, and help patients improve the level of out-of-hospital pain management.Methods:The phenomenological method in qualitative research was used in the study, and the Colaizzi 7-step data analysis method was used to analyze the interview data.Results:Six topics were summarized: pain cognition, different pain coping styles, misunderstanding of painkillers, negative emotions, postoperative paresthesia, and lack of professional guidance.Conclusion:Medical staff should strengthen the publicity and education of discharge, pay attention to the follow-up, provide professional guidance for patients outside the hospital, relieve pain and improve the quality of life of patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880156

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with medium and high risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#97 MDS patients above the age of 60 treated in Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University from February 2011 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of the MDS patients with medium risk, high risk or very high risk based on IPSS-R category were retrospectively analyzed. According to the difference of treatment regimes, the patients were divided into the transplantation group, chemotherapy group and other treatment group, and the efficacy among the patients in the 3 groups were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#MDS with excess blast (MDS-EB) in the elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS were the most common, 47.4% of the patients with abnormal chromosome karyotypes, and 23.7% with complex karyotypes (≥3). 97.3% of the patients showed at least one gene mutation, and TP53 mutations were detected in nearly 20% of the patients with medium and high risk. Multivariate analysis showed that IPSS-R category and treatment regimes were the factors affecting the prognosis of elderly patients with medium and high risk MDS. The median overall survival (OS) time of the patients in the 3 groups showed significant difference (P=0.012), and the median OS of the patients in the transplantation group was significantly longer than that in the chemotherapy group and other group (P=0.003,P=0.014,respectively), while there was no significant difference in median OS between chemotherapy group and other treatment group (P=0.685).@*CONCLUSION@#Elderly MDS patients with medium and high risk can benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which will prolong their OS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879908

ABSTRACT

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare neurogenetic degenerative diseases caused by genetic mutations and characterized by iron deposition in the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, with an overall incidence rate of 2/1 000 000-3/1 000 000. Major clinical manifestations are extrapyramidal symptoms. This disease is presently classified into 14 different subtypes based on different pathogenic genes, and its pathogenesis and treatment remain unclear. This article summarizes the research advances in the pathogenesis and treatment of NBIA, so as to help pediatricians understand this disease and provide a reference for subsequent research on treatment.


Subject(s)
Basal Ganglia , Basal Ganglia Diseases , Brain , Humans , Iron , Iron Metabolism Disorders/therapy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878916

ABSTRACT

This study cloned the transcription factor gene PnbHLH which held an open reading frame of 966 bp encoding 321 amino acids. This study constructed the overexpression vector of transcription factor PnbHLH of Panax notoginseng. The combination of PnbHLH overexpression and RNAi of the key enzyme gene PnCAS involved in the phytosterol biosynthesis was achieved in P. notoginseng cells, thus exploring the biosynthetic regulation of P. notoginseng saponins(PNS) by the synergistic effect of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi. The results showed that the PnbHLH transcription factor interacted with the promoters of key enzyme genes PnDS, PnSS and PnSE in the biosynthetic pathway of PNS, and then regulated the expression levels of key enzyme genes and affected the biosynthesis of saponins indirectly. Further study indicated that the synergistic effect of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi was a more effective approach to regulate the biosynthesis of saponins. Compared with the wild type and PnCAS RNAi cells of P. notoginseng, the contents of total saponins and monomeric saponins(Rd, Rb_1, Re, Rg_1 and R_1) were increased to some extent in the cell lines of PnbHLH overexpression and PnCAS RNAi. This indicated that the two ways of forward regulation and reverse regulation of saponin biosynthesis showed superposition effect. This study explored a more rational and efficient regulation strategy of PNS biosynthesis based on the advantages of multi-point regulation of transcription factors as well as the down-regulation of by-product synthesis of saponins.


Subject(s)
Intramolecular Transferases , Panax notoginseng , RNA Interference , Saponins , Transcription Factors/genetics
14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jan; 15(6): 1541-1546
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213568

ABSTRACT

Aim of the Study: The role of direct-acting oral anticoagulants in the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in cancer patients compared with the current standard of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of direct factor Xa inhibitors compared with those of LMWH in the treatment of cancer-associated VTE. Materials and Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Web of Science for potential randomized controlled clinical trials and retrospective cohort studies. Data on recurrent VTE (efficacy) and major and minor bleeding events (safety) were extracted, and the odds risks (OR) were analyzed using a random-effect model. Results: A total of nine studies involving 4208 cancer patients with VTE were included in these analyses. Pooled analysis showed that direct factor Xa inhibitors were significantly superior to LMWH in reducing the risk of recurrent VTE (OR = 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.54–0.82). There was no significant difference in the rate of major bleeding between the direct factor Xa inhibitor and LMWH treatments (OR = 1.25; 95% CI: 0.94–1.65). However, the rate of minor bleeding events was higher when a direct factor Xa inhibitor was used instead of LMWH (OR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.05–3.07). Conclusions: Direct factor Xa inhibitors are superior to LMWH in efficacy in the treatment of VTE in cancer patients, and the safety between the two regimens is comparable except for a slightly higher rate of minor bleeding when the former is used

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871973

ABSTRACT

Objective:A multi-center and large sample volume study was conducted on the verification and improvement of the early established criteria for intelligent routine urinalysis validation (including the microscopic review rules and manual validation rules, referred to as intelligent criteria for short), in order to improve the clinical application of this intelligent criteria.Methods:A total of 31 456 urine specimens were collected from the inpatients and outpatients in six hospitals in China, from March to September 2019. Firstly, 3105 specimens were analyzed for preliminary verification and improvement of the intelligent criteria based on the results of the microscopic examination and manual validation. Secondly, 28 351 specimens were used to verify the clinical application of the improved intelligent criteria. All samples were manually validated as reference.Results:The approval inconsistency rate of the manual validation rules in the original intelligent criteria was 8.59% (202/2 352), and the interception inconsistency rate was 8.84% (208/2 352). The false negative rate and the microscopic review rate of the microscopic review rules were similar to the previous results. Based on an in-depth analysis of big data and the discussions by senior technicians from eight hospitals, one microscopic review rules and four manual validation rules were added, meanwhile two manual validation rule was deleted. The manual validation standards were unified. Finally, the intelligent criteria was improved. Based on the improved intelligent criteria, for microscopic review rules, the false positive rate, false negative rate (misdiagnosis rate), and microscopic review rate did not change significantly, which were 14.72% (457/3 105), 4.06% (126/3 105), and 24.73% (768/3 105), respectively. The approval inconsistency rate and the interception inconsistency rate of manual validation rules were both reduced to 0; the total manual validation rate of the intelligent criteria was 50.89% (1 580/3 105), and the auto-validation rate was 49.11% (1 525/3 105). The large sample volume verification results were consistent with the preliminary verification results of the improved intelligent criteria.Conclusion:This multi-center and large sample volume study had shown that the improved intelligent criteria had better clinical performance.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870677

ABSTRACT

A survey on clinical skill application and training needs of general practitioners (GPs) was conducted in the community health service centers of Shanghai Changning District from March to May 2019. The heads of the medical/prevention departments of 10 community health service centers (CHS) in Changning District were invited to evaluate the application frequency of clinical skills and training needs of GPs. According to Residency Training Standards for General Practitioners (trial), Training Standards for Assistant General Practitioners (trial), Training Program for General Practitioners in Primary Medical and Health Institutions (trial), 369 clinical skills for general practitioners were included for evaluation. The application frequency of above 369 clinical skills among 198 general practitioners were evaluated and training needs were also assessed. The overall application frequency score of GPs for 369 clinical skills was 1.00 (0.30, 1.70) points, and the training needs score was 1.40 (1.10, 1.70) points. The application frequency of different clinical skills was positively correlated with training needs ( r=0.462, P<0.01). And the four-quadrant analysis results show that among the 369 clinical practice skills, 116 (31.4%) items were used by GPs with high frequency and high training needs, and 80 (21.7%) items were used with low frequency but high training needs. There were 45 (12.2%) items with high application frequency but low training needs, and 128 (34.7%) items with low application frequency and low training needs. The survey indicates that the training of clinical skills listed in the three major training standards or outlines should be strengthened in continuing education for general practitioners, and the practice skills with high application frequency and high training needs should be focused in training program to improve the quality, effectiveness and efficiency of training.

17.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 289-294, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of interleukin-13(IL-13), interleukin-13 receptor α2(IL-13Rα2) and 11 β -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2(11βHSD2) signaling pathway in liver metastasis of colon cancer and its mechanism.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 80 patients with colorectal cancer who were operated in Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2015 to December 2018.All patients were followed up by clinic or telephone until August 30, 2019.According to the occurrence of liver metastasis, the patients were divided into metastasis group ( n=22) and non metastasis group ( n=58). Real-time fluorescence quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction(PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect and compare the mRNA relative expression and protein expression of IL-13, IL-13Rα2, 11βHSD2, cyclooxygenase 2(COX 2) and protein kinase B in cancer tissues and cancer adjacent tissues. Glycyrrhetinic acid, an inhibitor of 11 β HSD2, was used to inhibit the activity of 11hsd2 in human colon cancer cell line HCT-8.The mRNA relative expression and protein expression of IL-13, IL-13Rα2, 11βHSD2, COX 2 and protein kinase B were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting before and 24 hours after glycyrrhetinic acid addition. Results:The mRNA relative expression of IL-13(0.79±0.11, 0.40±0.10), IL-13Rα2(0.72±0.13, 0.46±0.11), 11βHSD2(0.84±0.26, 0.60±0.08), COX 2(0.70±0.25, 0.37±0.04), protein kinase B (0.76±0.13, 0.42±0.06) in colon cancer tissues of metastatic and non metastatic groups were higher than those in cancer adjacent tissues(0.09±0.01, 0.10±0.06, 0.09±0.02, 0.09±0.03, 0.09±0.01, 0.09±0.02, 0.13±0.02, 0.12±0.07, 0.05±0.02, 0.05±0.03). The difference was statistically significant (t value was 28.36, 23.20, 22.07, 24.88, 16.47, 16.47, 47.86, 18.55, 24.55, 26.20, 44.40, all P<0.001). The protein expression of IL-13(0.48±0.11, 0.32±0.07), IL-13Rα2(0.52±0.11, 0.36±0.11), 11βHSD2(0.63±0.12, 0.48±0.11), COX2(0.45±0.15, 0.27±0.09), protein kinase B(0.50±0.12, 0.29±0.08) in colon cancer tissues of metastatic and non metastatic groups were higher than those in cancer adjacent tissues(0.12±0.02, 0.13±0.01, 0.10±0.02, 0.10±0.02, 0.14±0.06, 0.13±0.05, 0.10±0.03, 0.10±0.04, 0.10±0.03, 0.10±0.02). The difference was statistically significant ( t value were 15.63, 21.15, 17.71, 17.28, 11.01, 18.14, 10.55, 13.12, 15.76 and 18.90 respectively, all P<0.001). The relative expression of mRNA and protein in metastasis group was higher than that in non metastasis group ( t=15.15, 3.01, 8.97, 2.52, 6.34, 2.26, 9.82, 2.52, 16.02, 3.57, respectively, all P< 0.05). Compared with that those of before glycyrrhetinic acid addition, after 24 hours of glycyrrhetinic acid addition, the mRNA relative expression and protein expression of IL-13, IL-13Rα2 had no significant change (all P>0.05), while the mRNA relative expression and protein expression of COX 2 and protein kinase B(before adding: 0.725±0.159, 0.639±0.162, 0.741±0.178, 0.668±0.145, after adding: 0.108±0.085, 0.116±0.048, 0.122±0.063, 0.119±0.066) were decreased( t value were 18.744, 16.954, 17.956, 18.875 respectively , all P<0.01). Conclusion:The activation of IL-13/IL-13α2/11βHSD2 signaling pathway can promote liver metastasis of colon cancer.The mechanism may be that 11βHSD2 over expression promotes cancer cells invasion and migration-related COX2 expression and PI3K/protein kinase B pathway, and promotes liver metastasis of colon cancer.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 362-366, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866824

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the implementation of medical emergency team (MET) in Fuxing Hospital of Capital Medical University, and to investigate the characteristics such as the time, department, disease, cause of the MET calls, in order to provide a basis for the improvement of MET's implementation.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. MET calls that received between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2018 at Fuxing Hospital were collected. The calls' information included the quarter, time, and the patients' gender, age, admission time, department, admission diagnosis, the reason for the calls, the operation and outcome of the MET upon arrival.Results:A total of 846 MET calls were occurred during 4 years from 2015 to 2018. The frequencies of the first and third quarter were relatively high with 28.0% (237/846) and 26.5% (224/846), respectively. The events mainly occurred during the day (08:00-19:59) with 611 calls (72.2%). There were more men [64.3% (544/846)] than women [35.7% (302/846)]. The calls were mainly from the elderly over 60 years old, and gradually increased with age, which distributed the most in patients aging 80-89 years old, accounting for 51.5% of all calls (436/846). Among all the MET events, 80.5% (681/846) were from department of internal medicine, 18.8% (159/846) were from department of surgery, and 0.7% (6/846) were from department of gynecology and obstetrics. The top 3 diseases reported in the calls were respiratory diseases [31.6% (267/846)], nervous system diseases [20.8% (176/846)] and circulatory diseases [9.9% (84/846)]. The reason of MET calls showed that abnormal pulse oxygen saturation [SpO 2, 27.8% (235/846)] were the most among 4 vital signs. After MET rescue, 7.3% (62/846) of the patients died, 48.7% (412/846) were transferred to intensive care unit (ICU) for further treatment, and 41.9% (354/846) remained under observation. Conclusions:The frequency of MET calls in Fuxing Hospital of Capital Medical University was relatively stable over the years, mostly received in the daytime (08:00-19:59) of the first and third quarter. Most of the patients were male aged 80-89 years old. The most MET calls were from department of internal medicine and due to respiratory disease. SpO 2 was the most common abnormal indicator. According to the above characteristics, MET can focus on them in the future.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 313-318, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the different outcomes of two types of acute kidney injury (AKI) according to standard of Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes-AKI (KDIGO-AKI), and to analyze the risk factors that affect the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in China.Methods:A secondary analysis was performed on the database of a previous study conducted by China Critical Care Clinical Trial Group (CCCCTG), which was a multicenter prospective study involving 3 063 patients in 22 tertiary ICUs in 19 provinces and autonomous regions of China. The demographic data, scores reflecting severity of illness, laboratory findings, intervention during ICU stay were extracted. All patients were divided into pure AKI (PAKI) and acute on chronic kidney disease (AoCKD). PAKI was defined as meeting the serum creatinine (SCr) standard of KDIGO-AKI (KDIGO-AKI SCr) and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at baseline was ≥ 60 mL·min -1·1.73 m -2, and AoCKD was defined as meeting the KDIGO-AKI SCr standard and baseline eGFR was 15-59 mL·min -1·1.73 m -2. All-cause mortality in ICU within 28 days was the primary outcome, while the length of ICU stay and renal replacement therapy (RRT) were the secondary outcome. The differences in baseline data and outcomes between the two groups were compared. The cumulative survival rate of ICU within 28 days was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve, and the risk factors of ICU death within 28 days were screened by Cox multivariate analysis. Results:Of the 3 063 patients, 1 042 were enrolled, 345 with AKI, 697 without AKI. The AKI incidence was 33.11%, while ICU mortality within 28 days of AKI patients was 13.91% (48/345). Compared with PAKI patients ( n = 322), AoCKD patients ( n = 23) were older [years old: 74 (59, 77) vs. 58 (41, 72)] and more critical when entering ICU [acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score: 23 (19, 27) vs. 15 (11, 22)], had worse basic renal function [eGFR (mL·min -1·1.73 m -2): 49 (38, 54) vs. 115 (94, 136)], more basic complications [Charlson comorbidity index (CCI): 3 (2, 4) vs. 0 (0, 1)] and higher SCr during ICU stay [peak SCr for diagnosis of AKI (μmol/L): 412 (280, 515) vs. 176 (124, 340), all P < 0.01]. The mortality and RRT incidence within 28 days in ICU of AoCKD patients were significantly higher than those of PAKI patients [39.13% (9/23) vs. 12.11% (39/322), 26.09% (6/23) vs. 4.04% (13/322), both P < 0.01], while no significant difference was found in the length of ICU stay. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the 28-day cumulative survival rate in ICU in AoCKD patients was significantly lower than PAKI patients (Log-Rank: χ2 = 5.939, P = 0.015). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that admission to ICU due to respiratory failure [hazard ratio ( HR) = 4.458, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.141-17.413, P = 0.032], vasoactive agents treatment in ICU ( HR = 5.181, 95% CI was 2.033-13.199, P = 0.001), and AoCKD ( HR = 5.377, 95% CI was 1.303-22.186, P = 0.020) were independent risk factors for ICU death within 28 days. Conclusion:Further detailed classification (PAKI, AoCKD) based on KDIGO-AKI SCr standard combined with eGFR is related to ICU mortality in critical patients within 28 days.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of dual-graft living donor liver transplantation of right segment from an adult living donor combined with a left lateral segment from donation after brain death for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of a male 46-year-old patient with HCC who underwent dual-graft living donor liver transplantation of right segment from an adult living donor combined with a left lateral segment from donation after brain death at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University in October 2019 were collected. He weighed 66 kg and was 171 cm in height. His blood type was A Rh-positive. Graft one was from a female 23-year-old living donor who had a bodyweight of 50 kg, a height of 150 cm, and blood type of A Rh-positive; graft two was from a male 44-year-old brain death donor with the blood type of A Rh-positive. The surgery was performed in three operating rooms, graft one and graft two were obtained simultaneously in two operating rooms, and the recipient′s liver was dissected in the third operating room. When the in vitro splicing of the liver was almost completed, surgeons entirely removed the recipient′s liver and started to transplant the new one. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations and postoperative recovery of the living donor and the recipient; (2) postoperative pathological examination of the recipient′s liver; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examinations, including monitoring of HCC recurrence, monitoring of new liver function, monitoring and adjustment of immunosuppressive agents, detection of biliary vascular complications, rejection and adverse drug reactions. Regular lifelong follow-up was required for recipients, with the latest follow-up on December 4, 2019. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages.Results:(1) Surgical situations and postoperative recovery of the living donor and the recipient: operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, volume of intraoperative infusion of autologous blood of the living donor were 315 minutes, 200 mL, 200 mL, respectively. The living donor was discharged from hospital on the sixth day after surgery without any complications. The recipient underwent modified piggyback liver transplantation successfully. Graft one was from the right segment free of the middle hepatic vein in the living donor, with a weight of 410 g. Graft two was from the left lateral segment in the donor after brain death, with a weight of 400 g. The graft from donors to recipient weight ratio was 1.2% after splicing. The operation time, duration of anhepatic phase, volume of intraoperative blood loss, volume of intraoperative blood transfusion were 815 minutes, 60 minutes, 1 500 mL, 1 800 mL, respectively. The recipient′s temperature was normal during hospitalization. On the first postoperative day, the level of white blood cell and neutrophilic granulocyte percentage of the recipient reached a peak (17.15×10 9/L and 91.7%, respectively) and then gradually decreased. After anti-infective treatment with piperacillin sodium and sulbactam sodium, both of the two indicators returned to normal on the seventh day after surgery (7.90×10 9/L and 70.9%, respectively), and the antibiotic was discontinued. During the hospitalization, the level of albumin of the recipient fluctuated in 31.0-41.4 g/L, the liver function parameters including total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, prothrombin time and international normalized ratio gradually returned to normal levels, and the renal function parameters including creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate remained within the normal range. On the tenth day after surgery, the recipient was in good condition and discharged from the hospital. (2) Postoperative pathological examination of the recipient′s liver: ① results of the pathological examination showed moderately differentiated HCC with incomplete tumour capsule and no invasion of the liver capsule. The surrounding liver tissues showed hepatitis B-related nodular cirrhosis, and no tumor involvement was detected at the broken end of the hilum. ② The gallbladder presented chronic cholecystitis accompanied by cholesterol deposition, and one abdominal lymph node showed reactive hyperplasia. The immunohistochemical staining showed 10% positive HBsAg and negative HBcAg. (3) Follow-up: the tumor markers of the recipient were tested on November 19, 2019, including α-fetoprotein (2.92 μg/L) and abnormal prothrombin (16 AU/L). Together with the negative result of abdominal colour doppler ultrasound, they collectively indicated no HCC recurrence in the recipient. The liver function parameters including total bilirubin (8.6 μmol/L), alanine aminotransferase (23 IU/L), aspartate aminotransferase (28 IU/L) and albumin (44.0 g/L) of the recipient tested on December 3, 2019, were all in normal levels. Blood concentration of tacrolimus was 4.2 μg/L . The drug dose of mycophenolate mofetil dispersible tablets was adjusted to 250 mg given twice daily, and the drug dose of others was unchanged (tacrolimus 2 mg, once daily; sirolimus 1mg, once daily). No symptoms, signs or examination results indicated biliary vascular complications, rejection or adverse drug reactions. Conclusion:Dual-graft living donor liver transplantation of right segment from an adult living donor combined with a left lateral segment from donation after brain death is safe and effective, which can be used as a suboptimal treatment for patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria.

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