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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 889-892, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904789

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To analyze the trend of lung cancer incidence in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province from 2014 to 2019, so as to provide the basis for lung cancer prevention and control.@*Methods @#The data of lung cancer were collected through the information management system of chronic disease surveillance in Zhejiang Province.The crude incidence rate, age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population ( ASIRC ) and by world standard population ( ASIRW ), truncated rate ( 35-64 ) years old ), and cumulative rate (0-74 years old) were calculated. The annual percentage change ( APC ) was used to analyze the trend of lung cancer. The annual contribution rate was used to analyze the contribution of the incidence trend with age to the total trend. @*Results @#Totally 22 261 cases of lung cancer were reported in Shaoxing from 2014 to 2019. The crude incidence rate, ASIRC, ASIRW, truncated rate ( 35-64 years old ), and cumulative rate ( 0-74 years old ) were 83.51/100 000, 41.28/100 000, 41.01/100 000, 57.00/100 000 and 5.11%, respectively. The crude incidence rate, ASIRC and ASIRW increased significantly from 2014 to 2019, with the APC values of 8.56%, 6.42% and 6.05%, respectively ( P<0.05 ). The crude incidence rate, ASIRC, ASIRW, truncated rate ( 35-64 years old ), and cumulative rate ( 0-74 years old ) of man were 105.25/100 000, 48.09/100 000, 50.69/100 000, 62.03/100 000 and 6.42%, respectively, which were higher than those of women ( 61.84/100 000, 33.05/100 000, 31.35/100 000, 51.71/100 000 and 3.76% ).The crude incidence rate increased with age. The annual contribution rates of lung cancer incidence in people aged 15-<45 years, 45-<55 years, 55-<65 years and ≥65 years were 51.20%, 30.86%, 15.79% and 2.15%, respectively. The crude incidence rate in people aged 15-<45 years, 45-<55 years and 55-<65 years increased significantly from 2014 to 2019, with the APC values of 23.84%, 13.79% and 6.78%, respectively ( P<0.05 ). @*Conclusion @#From 2014 to 2019, the incidence of lung cancer in Shaoxing shows an increasing trend, and the age of onset is getting younger.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of probiotics combined with applied behavior analysis (ABA) in the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 41 children with ASD who attended the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled and randomly divided into an observation group with 21 children and a control group with 20 children. The children in the observation group were given oral probiotics combined with ABA intervention, while those in the control group were given ABA intervention alone. The treatment outcomes were compared between the two groups. Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist (ATEC) was used to evaluate the severity of behavioral symptoms in both groups before intervention and at 3 months after intervention. The fecal samples were collected to analyze the difference in intestinal flora between the two groups based on 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, there was no significant difference in the ATEC score between the observation and control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Probiotics may improve the effect of conventional ABA intervention in children with ASD by regulating intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Applied Behavior Analysis , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Child , Humans , Probiotics , Prospective Studies , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared.Results:Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta ( P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95% CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness ( OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions:(1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885670

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of CD100 to monocyte cytotoxicity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients.Methods:Thirty-five NSCLC patients and thirteen healthy controls were included from Zhengzhou Central Hospital between March 2018 and September 2018. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) (both tumor site and non-tumor site) was collected from NSCLC patients, while PBMC was collected from healthy controls. Monocytes were purified from PBMC and BALF. Membrane-bound CD100 (mCD100) and CD72 expression on monocytes was measured by flow cytometry. Monocytes from NSCLC patients were stimulated with recombinant human CD100, anti-CD72, matrix metalloproteinase 14(MMP14), or anti-CD100, and were co-cultured with NCI-H1882 cells for 48 h. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), granzyme A, granzyme B level in the supernatants, CD16 expression on monocytes, and percentage of target cell death was assessed. Student t test or paired t test was used for comparison. Results:There were no significant differences of peripheral CD14 + mCD100 + percentage, CD14 + CD72 + percentage, CD100 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), CD72 MFI between NSCLC patients and healthy controls ( P>0.05). CD14 + mCD100 + percentage, CD14 + CD72 + percentage, CD100 MFI, CD72 MFI was remarkably elevated in tumor site compared with in non-tumor site in NSCLC patients ( P<0.05). There was no remarkable difference of peripheral monocytes-induced NCI-H1882 cell death between NSCLC group and control group [(13.95±3.16)% vs (13.22±2.40)%, P=0.451]. Lung-resident monocytes-induced NCI-H1882 cell death was reduced in tumor site when compared with non-tumor site [(11.61±2.81)% vs (14.19±3.57)%, P=0.008 7]. TNF-α, IL-1β, granzyme A, granzyme B level was also decreased in the supernatants of monocytes from tumor site compared with non-tumor site in NSCLC patients( P<0.05). However, there was no statistical difference of CD16 level between two groups( P=0.666). Recombinant human CD100 stimulation promoted NCI-H1882 cell death induced by monocytes from tumor site when compared with unstimulated cells ( P<0.000 1). TNF-α, IL-1β, granzyme A, granzyme B level was also increased ( P<0.05). However, Monocytes, which were pretreated with anti-CD72, induced decreased NCI-H1882 cell death and TNF-α, IL-1β, granzyme A, granzyme B secretion in response to recombinant human CD100 stimulation ( P<0.05). Recombinant human MMP14 stimulation decreased CD14 + mCD100 + percentage and increased soluble CD100 (sCD100) level. NCI-H1882 cell death and TNF-α, IL-1β, granzyme A, granzyme B level was elevated when compared with unstimulated cells ( P<0.05). Anti-CD100 administration decreased sCD100 level. NCI-H1882 cell death and TNF-α, IL-1β, granzyme A, granzyme B level was elevated when compared with MMP14 stimulated cells ( P<0.05). Conclusions:CD100 shedding was insufficient in tumor infiltrating monocytes in NSCLC patients, leading to decreased cytotoxicity. MMP14 might elevate cytotoxicity of tumor infiltrating monocytes via promoting CD100 shedding and sCD100 formation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in function of CD8@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of PD-1, TIM-3, and LAG-3, which were the markers of exhausted CD8@*RESULTS@#The expressions of inhibitory receptors (PD-1, TIM3 and LAG-3) on CD8@*CONCLUSION@#The exhausted CD8


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879146

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor, an important factor threatening human life and health, brings huge economic burden to patients. At present, chemoradiotherapy is still the main treatment method for tumor diseases, but there are also great side effects when it plays a therapeutic role. Traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases has many advantages such as few side effects, improving the physiological state of patients, and slowing down the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Berberine is an effective component of rhizoma coptidis, with a very good antitumor effect. It can inhibit tumor cell proliferation, promote tumor cell apoptosis, inhibit tumor metastasis and angiogenesis, regulate tumor autophagy, reverse multi-drug resistance of tumor, regulate the body immunity, and affect tumor metabolic reprogramming to play its role. Compared with chemical preparations, berberine has a wide range of sources, with high safety and easy access, and has great potential in the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors. In this article, we would mainly review the research progress on the antitumor mechanism of berberine in recent years.


Subject(s)
Berberine/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy
7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 324-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution characteristics of single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP) rs7072793 and rs3118470 in the 5′ flanking region of(cluster of differentiation 25, CD25) gene in Han males in the naturally high radiation background area(HBRA). METHODS: A random sampling method was used to select 48 and 51 healthy Han males from Tangkou town(HBRA group) in Yangjiang City and Hengpo town(control group) in Enping City, respectively, as the study subjects. The molecular mass array method was used to classify the genotype of the SNP sites rs7072793 and rs3118470 of CD25 gene in these subjects. The distribution difference of the alleles and genotypes was analyzed in individuals of these two groups. The allele frequency of HBRA population was compared with the distribution data of different populations in the Human Genome Project.RESULTS: The distribution of allele frequencies of rs7072793 and rs3118470 in both groups were consistent with the H-W equilibrium law of genetics(all P>0.05). In the HBRA group, variant allele C(58.3%) and genotype TC(50.0%) were dominant at rs7072793, wild-type allele T(55.2%) and genotype TC(56.2%) were dominant at rs3118470. There was no significant difference in the allele and genotype distributions between these two groups(all P>0.05). There was a difference of rs7072793 in the HBRA group compared to that of African and European populations, and rs3118470 in the HBRA group compared with the allele distribution frequencies in Africa, Europe and America populations(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In the male population of Han nationality in Yangjiang HBRA area, the alleles of rs7072793 and rs3118470 in the 5′ flanking region of CD25 gene were mainly C and T, respectively, and the genotypes were mainly TC. These two loci may have high genetic variability.

8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 59-71, sept. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Procambarus clarkii produces high-quality, delicious meat that is high in protein, low in fat, and rich in calcium and phosphorus. It has become an important aquatic resource in China. Our objectives are (i) to analyze the level of genetic diversity of P. clarkii populations; (ii) to explore the genetic differentiation (Gst); and (iii) to propose appropriate strategies for the conservation. RESULTS: In this study, Shannon's index (I) and Nei's gene diversity index (H) for P. clarkii were high (I = 0.3462 and H = 0.2325 on average and I = 0.6264, H = 0.4377 at the species level) based on the SSR markers. The expected heterozygosity value of 17 microsatellite loci in 25 crayfish populations was 0.9317, the observed heterozygosity value was 0.9121, and the observed number of alleles per locus was 2.000; and the effective number of alleles per locus was 1.8075. Among the P. clarkii populations, the inbreeding coefficient within populations (Fis) was 0.2315, overall inbreeding coefficient (Fit) was 0.4438, genetic differentiation coefficient among populations (Fst) was 0.3145 and gene differentiation (Gst) was 0.4785 based on SSR analyses. The cluster analysis results obtained by unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) analysis, principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) and STRUCTURE analysis were similar. A mantel test showed that the isolation-by-distance pattern was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: The high Gst among P. clarkii populations is attributed to genetic drift and geographic isolation. The results indicated that more P. clarkii populations should be collected when formulating conservation and aquaculture strategies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Astacoidea/genetics , Phylogeny , China , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Aquaculture , Aquatic Environment , Wetlands , Genetic Carrier Screening
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846713

ABSTRACT

Traditional solvents have the shortcomings of toxic, easy to cause environmental pollution, volatile and low extraction rate. In recent years, there have been a lot of researches focusing on deep eutectic solvents (DESs) studies in the field of Chinese materia medica (CMM), especially in the extraction of active ingredients and improvement of stability of unstable compounds. This paper mainly reviews and sorts out the researches on DESs in the field of CMM reported at home and abroad in recent years, so as to provide references for the application of DESs in the field of CMM in the future.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2768-2773, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare th e efficacy ,safety and economics of recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH)and urin follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH)in the ovulation induction therapy for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer ,and to provide evidence-based evidence for rational use of rFSH in the clinic. METHODS : Retrieved from PubMed ,Embase,the Cochrane Library ,CNKI,VIP,Wanfang database as well as professional health technology assessment(HTA)database,HTA,systematic review/Meta-analysis and economic studies were collected to compare the effects of rFSH versus urine FSH (uFSH)in ovulation induction for in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injectionembryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET). After literature screening ,data extiaction and quality evaluation ,the conclusions of the included studies were summarized by using qualitative description. RESULTS :A total of 7 literatures were included ,involving 2 systematic reviews/ Meta-analysis and 5 economic evaluations ,and no HTA report was retrieved. All the studies were reported from abroad. Systematic evaluation/Meta-analysis showed that the number of oocytes obtained in the rFSH group was higher than that in the uFSH group. There was no statistical significance in persistent pregnancy rate ,clinical pregnancy rate ,live birth rate ,abortion rate and the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)between 2 groups(P>0.05). Economic research showed that rFSH may have cost-effective advantage. CONCLUSIONS :Current available evidence support that rFSH has simialr efficacy and safety for ovulation induction of IVF/ICSI-ET ,and shows cost-effec- tiveness advantage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879934

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of tumor associated vascular insulin receptor (TVIR) in colorectal cancer with or without metabolic syndrome (MS) and its relationship with the pathological features of colorectal cancer.@*METHODS@#The expression of TVIR in 220 colorectal cancer specimens was detected by tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry. The relationships between the expression of TVIR and the pathological features (pathological subtypes, histological grade, invasion depth, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage) of colorectal cancer with/without MS were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The insulin receptor expression was observed in colorectal cancer tissue or border area between cancer and normal tissue, but not in normal intestinal tissue. The high-expression rates of TVIR in MS group was remarkably lower than that of non-MS group (21.6%vs. 41.0%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#s: High-expression of TVIR is associated with aggressive pathological features such as invasion, lymph node metastasis and high TNM stage of colorectal cancer, especially for those patients without MS. TVIR could be a useful biological marker for prognosis of colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Receptor, Insulin/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828391

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore the effect of Qingfei Paidu Decoction(QPD) on the host metabolism and gut microbiome of rats with metabolomics and 16 S rDNA sequencing. Based on 16 S rDNA sequencing of gut microbiome and metabolomics(GC-MS and LC-MS/MS), we systematically studied the serum metabolites profile and gut microbiota composition of rats treated with QPD for continued 5 days by oral gavage. A total of 23 and 43 differential metabolites were identified based on QPD with GC-MS and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The involved metabolic pathways of these differential metabolites included glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, TCA cycle and pyruvate metabolism. Meanwhile, we found that QPD significantly regulated the composition of gut microbiota in rats, such as enriched Romboutsia, Turicibacter, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, and decreased norank_f_Lachnospiraceae. Our current study indicated that short-term intervention of QPD could significantly regulate the host metabolism and gut microbiota composition of rats dose-dependently, suggesting that the clinical efficacy of QPD may be related with the regulation on host metabolism and gut microbiome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Classification , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Metabolomics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 361-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827052

ABSTRACT

Stress is the non-specific systemic response that occurs when the body is stimulated by various factors, and it can affect multiple systems of the body. Recent studies have shown that gut microbiota is an essential part of human microecology, and plays a pivotal role in keeping the body healthy. Stress can result in gut dysbiosis by affecting the function of intestinal mucosal barrier, intestinal immune and gastrointestinal motility. This article reviewed the alteration of gut microbiota caused by stress and the possible mechanisms involved.


Subject(s)
Dysbiosis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gastrointestinal Motility , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa
14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 675-679, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficiency and safety of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in pediatric patients with acute kidney injury (AKI).Method:A retrospective study of children who underwent PD for AKI in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from 2003 to 2013 was performed, and the laboratory examinations, the causes, the complication, the prognosis and the risk factors were evaluated.Results:The study included 48 children, with the age of (67.6±51.7) months (ranging from 3 months to 15 years old), including 31 males (64.6%) and 34 co-infections (70.8%). Primary glomerulonephritis (27.1%) was the most common cause of AKI, followed by the hemolytic uremic syndrome (18.7%) and drug induced AKI (18.7%). Peritoneal dialysis was performed manually using percutaneous or adapted catheters. The duration of PD during hospitalization was 11(7,14) days. PD treatment was highly effective in attenuation of toxics retention and correction of electrolyte disturbances (all P<0.05). There were 3 cases of PD-related complications, including 1 case of peritonitis, 1 case of catheter outflow obstruction, 1 case of catheter exit site hematoma, and no child patient died of PD complications. Among the AKI children, 37 cases (77.1%) recovered with the PD treatment and had the catheter successfully removed till discharge, 7 cases (14.6%) needed further peritoneal dialysis and 4 cases (8.3%) died. The serum albumin level was significantly higher in patients who got recovered with PD treatment than other unrecovered cases [(32.6±6.7) g/L vs (23.2±4.3) g/L, t=-3.994, P<0.001]. Conclusions:PD can be safely and efficiently performed for the treatment of pediatric AKI. Low albumin level may be related to poor prognosis of AKI.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758405

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the treatment effect of oral propranolol combined with topical timolol maleate for infantile maxillofacial mixed hemangioma and provide evidence for clinical treatment.@*Methods@# Ninety-seven cases of infantile maxillofacial mixed hemangioma were enrolled. The cases were randomly divided into A and B groups: 50 cases in group A were treated with oral propranolol combined with topical timolol maleate, and 47 cases in group B were treated with oral propranolol only. The changes in the color, volume, and texture of the tumors were recorded before and after treatment, and color ultrasonography of the lesion area was performed. The follow-up time was 1-12 months. The differences in the curative effect, effective time and adverse reaction between the two groups were compared. @*Results @#The effective rate of group A was 92.0% (46/50) and that of group B was 74.5% (35/47), with a statistical significance (P < 0.05). The mean time of treatment in group A was 4.2 months and that in group B was 5.5 months. Compared with group B, the treatment time of group B was shorter (t=3.211, P < 0.05), and no serious adverse reactions occurred in both groups.@*Conclusion@#Oral propranolol combined with topical timolol maleate is effective in the treatment of mixed hemangioma of the maxillofacial region in infants.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751039

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application value of digital 3D printing technology for repairing mandibular defects with fibular flaps and to provide a basis for accurate repair mandibular defects.@*Methods@#Nine cases of mandibular defects were selected, and spiral CT and CTA of the lower limbs were performed before the operation. The osteotomy guide plate and plastic guide plate were created using computer software, and the titanium plate was rebuilt according to the printed mandibular model. During the operation, an osteotomy guide plate was used for mandibular resection; a fibula bone plastic guide plate was used to reconstruct the fibular flap and reconstruct the mandibular defects.@*Results@#The entire fibula flap survived, and the occlusal relationship was good. There was no complications in the donor site. The patients were satisfied with the appearance of the repair. All patients were followed up for 3 to 6 months, at which point the bone was basically healed.@*Conclusion@#Using a digital 3D printing technique to repair mandible defects with a fibular flap can shorten the operation time, reduce the risks of operation, and better restore the maxillofacial shape and the function of the jaw, which is consistent with the concept of appropriate medical treatment. Additionally, this process provides a better method for the treatment of mandibular defects.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744141

ABSTRACT

In the course of pathophysiology,we gave full play to the advantages of network teaching platform to integrate teaching resources,broaden students' learning pathways,and enhance the interaction,which could benefit teachers as well as students.The traditional teaching mode and concept were changed by using Computer Aided Instruction (CAI) and relying on the network platform to carry out multi-level teaching methods such as flipped classroom and Task-Based Leaming (TBL).We gradually conducted formative assessment to promote learning.Thus,the interest and the enthusiasm of students in learning were elevated and the independent learning capability were cultivated.

18.
Clinics ; 74: e435, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001836

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy is a technique that should be learned by all surgical trainees and residents. This study aimed to develop a self-made training model for paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy and placement of the suprapubic catheter and then to evaluate its effectiveness in training fourth-year medical students. METHODS: Medical students were divided into an experimental group receiving comprehensive training involving literature, video, and model use and a control group receiving all the same training protocols as the experimental group except without hands-on practice using the model. Each student's performance was video-recorded, followed by subjective and objective evaluations by urology experts and statistical analysis. RESULTS: All students completed the surgical procedures successfully. The experimental group's performance scores were significantly higher than those of the control group (median final performance scores of 91.0 vs. 86.8, respectively). Excellent scores were achieved by more students in the experimental group than in the control group (55% vs. 20%), and fewer poor scores were observed in the experimental group than in the control group (5% vs. 30%). CONCLUSIONS: Based on its cost-effectiveness, reusability, and training effectiveness, this paracentetic suprapubic cystostomy training model is able to achieve goals in teaching practice quickly and easily. Use of the model should be encouraged for training senior medical students and resident physicians who may be expected to perform emergent suprapubic catheter insertion at some time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cystostomy/education , Program Development/methods , Educational Measurement , Simulation Training/methods , Video Recording/methods , Cystostomy/instrumentation , Cystostomy/methods , Urinary Catheterization/instrumentation , Urinary Catheterization/methods , Random Allocation , Prospective Studies , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Paracentesis/education , Paracentesis/instrumentation , Paracentesis/methods , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739657

ABSTRACT

Mixed lineage leukemia proteins (MLL) are the key histone lysine methyltransferases that regulate expression of diverse genes. Aberrant activation of MLL promotes leukemia as well as solid tumors in humans, highlighting the urgent need for the development of an MLL inhibitor. We screened and isolated MLL1-binding ssRNAs using SELEX (Systemic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment) technology. When sequences in sub-libraries were obtained using next-generation sequencing (NGS), the most enriched aptamers—APT1 and APT2—represented about 30% and 26% of sub-library populations, respectively. Motif analysis of the top 50 sequences provided a highly conserved sequence: 5′-A[A/C][C/G][G/U][U/A]ACAGAGGG[U/A]GG[A/C] GAGUGGGU-3′. APT1, APT2, and APT5 embracing this motif generated secondary structures with similar topological characteristics. We found that APT1 and APT2 have a good binding activity and the analysis using mutated aptamer variants showed that the site information in the central region was critical for binding. In vitro enzyme activity assay showed that APT1 and APT2 had MLL1 inhibitory activity. Three-dimensional structure prediction of APT1-MLL1 complex indicates multiple weak interactions formed between MLL1 SET domain and APT1. Our study confirmed that NGS-assisted SELEX is an efficient tool for aptamer screening and that aptamers could be useful in diagnosis and treatment of MLL1-mediated diseases.


Subject(s)
Aptamers, Nucleotide , Conserved Sequence , Diagnosis , Histones , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Leukemia , Ligands , Lysine , Mass Screening , Methyltransferases , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , RNA
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of gastrodin (Gas) on the hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) in mice,and study possible mechanisms.Methods Forty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham-operated group (Sham),HIRI group,gastrodin-treated groups with low and high does (Gas-L,Gas-H,respectively),and cobalt protoporphyrin(CoPP) group(n =8).Mice in Gas-L,Gas-H,and CoPP groups were injected intraperitoneally with individual drugs and dose before operation.Except for Sham group,an 70% volume HIRI model was established by means of 60 minutes ischemia and then 6 hours reperfusion in the other groups.The levels of serum AST and ALT in each group were compared.The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver tissue were measured;The level of TNF-αt,IL-6,IL-10 and heme oxygenase-I (HO-1) mRNA level were detected by real time quantitative PCR.Liver tissue was stained with H&E.The hepatocyte apoptosis was studied by TUNEL.Results Respectively,the serum ALT level in the HIRI,Gas-L,Gas-H and CoPP groups was (5 057.34±290.80)U/L,(3 917.49±198.10) U/L,(3 645.63± 171.10) U/L,(2 977.78± 179.00) U/L,and the ALT level was (5 871.25 ± 819.01) U/L,(4 660.88 ± 505.96) U/L,(4 182.00 ± 507.51) U/L,(3 788.65±462.14)U/L.The serum level of ALT and AST in Gas-L,Gas-H and CoPP groups was lower than HIRI group (P< 0.05).The apoptotic index in Gas-L,Gas-H and CoPP groups respectively was (37.89±4.27)%,(32.59±3.78)%,(20.45-±2.49)%,which was lower than group (58.92±3.32)% (P< 0.05).Compared with HIRI group,the TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA level in Gas-L,Gas-H and CoPP groups were decreased,and the levels of IL-10 and HO-1 mRNA were increased.Simultaneously,the activity of SOD was promoted,whereas the levels of MDA was reduced (P<0.05).Conclusions Gastrodin shows an protective function aganist liver ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice by inhibiting inflammation,oxidative stress and cell apoptosis.The up-regulation of HO-1 by gastrodin may be the possible mechanism.

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