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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 615-623, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345223

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Doenças cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morte na China. Entretanto, os esforços atuais para se identificar os fatores de risco de morte em pacientes hospitalizados com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) estão direcionados principalmente para a mortalidade durante a internação e a mortalidade após 30 dias nos Estados Unidos. Dessa forma, é necessário um modelo semelhante ao modelo utilizado para prever o risco considerado para procedimentos cirúrgicos cardiovasculares em pacientes para avaliar o risco de pacientes internados com diagnóstico de IC. Objetivo Identificar variáveis que podem prever a mortalidade por IC um ano após a alta hospitalar, e desenvolver um escore de risco para avaliar o risco de morte no período de um ano. Métodos No presente estudo, 1.742 pacientes chineses com IC foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: um grupo de amostra de derivação e um grupo de amostra de teste. O método de simulação Monte Carlo via Cadeias de Markov foi usado para identificar variáveis que podem prever a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar. Variáveis com uma frequência >1% na análise bivariada, e que foram consideradas clinicamente significativas, foram qualificadas para análises de modelagens posteriores. A probabilidade posterior de que uma variável estava estatística e significativamente associada ao resultado foi calculada como o número total de vezes em que o IC de 95% da variável não coincidiu com 1 (ou seja, o ponto de referência), dividido pelo número total de iterações. Uma variável com uma probabilidade de 0,9 ou mais alta foi considerado um fator de risco robusto para prever o resultado, e foi incluída na lista final de variáveis. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi 5%. Resultados Cinco variáveis que pudessem prever de maneira robusta a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar foram identificadas: idade, sexo feminino, escore da New York Heart Association (Associação de Cardiologia de Nova Iorque) >3, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, e índice de massa corporal. Os modelos de derivação e de teste tiveram uma área de curva característica de operação do receptor de 0,79. Essas variáveis selecionadas foram utilizadas para avaliar o escore de risco de mortalidade por IC após um ano, e este foi dividido em três grupos (baixo, moderado e alto). O grupo de alto risco corresponde a aproximadamente 86% das mortes, e o grupo de risco moderado corresponde a 12% das mortes. Conclusão Um escore de risco de 5 variáveis simples pode ser utilizado para avaliar a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar de pacientes internados com IC.


Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in China. However, present efforts to identify the risk factors for death in patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) are primarily focused on in-hospital mortality and 30-day mortality in the United States. Thus, a model similar to the model used for predicting the risk in patients considered for cardiovascular surgical procedures is needed to evaluate the risk of the patients admitted with a diagnosis of HF. Objective To identify variables that can predict post-discharge one-year HF mortality and develop a risk score to assess the risk of dying within one year. Methods In the present study, 1,742 Chinese patients with HF were randomly divided into two groups: a derivation sample group and a test sample group. A Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation method was used to identify variables that can predict the one-year post-discharge mortality. Variables with a frequency of >1% in the bivariate analysis and that were considered clinically meaningful were eligible for further modeling analyses. The posterior probability that a variable was statistically and significantly associated with the outcome was calculated as the total number of times that the variable's 95% CI did not overlap with 1 (i.e., the reference point) divided by the total number of iterations. A variable with a probability of 0.9 or higher was considered a robust risk factor for predicting the outcome, and this was included in the final variable list. The level of statistical significance adopted was 5%. Results Five variables that could robustly predict the one-year post-discharge mortality were identified: age, female gender, New York Heart Association functional classification score >3, left atrial diameter, and body mass index. Both derivation and test models had a receiver operating curve area of 0.79. These selected variables were used to assess the one-year HF mortality risk score, and these were divided into three groups (low, moderate, and high). The high-risk group corresponds to nearly 86% of the deaths, while the moderate group corresponds to 12% of the deaths. Conclusion A simple 5-variable risk score can be used to assess the one-year post-discharge mortality of hospitalized Chinese patients with HF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Patient Discharge , Heart Failure , Prognosis , United States , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Aftercare , Risk Assessment , Hospitalization
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1175-1180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of high dose methotrexate (HD-MTX), temozolomide (TMZ), and rituximab (R) in the treatment of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of patients with PCNSL diagnosed and treated in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from February 2010 to May 2017 were collected. First, patients were given 6-8 cycles of MTX (3.5 g/m@*RESULTS@#There were 42 patients enrolled in the study, 17 cases in HD-MTX+TMZ group and 25 cases in HD-MTX+TMZ+R group. The median PFS and OS times in HD-MTX+TMZ+R group were 56.7 months and N/A, respectively, while, 7.3 months and 34.7 months in HD-MTX+TMZ group, respectively. In addition, there was no significant difference in median survival between patients who received TMZ maintenance therapy and those who were only actively monitored. During the induction period, all the patients had grade 1-2 nausea and vomiting, while in the consolidation treatment period, no grade 3/4 toxicity was observed.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of HD-MTX+TMZ+R in the treatment of PCNSL patients shows a definite short-term effect, which can increase the survival rate of the patients. The side effects are mild, and the patients can generally tolerate.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Central Nervous System , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the regulatory effect of modified Shengmaiyin adjuvant chemotherapy on the nutritional status and immune function of children with acute lymphocyte (ALL). Method:One hundred children with ALL chemotherapy were randomly divided into observation group and control group. Both groups were given VDLD regimen as the induction therapy and CAM regimen as the early therapy. Control group was given Shengmaiyin orally, 10 mL/time, 3 times/day. Observation group was given modified Shengmaiyin orally, 1 does/day. The course of treatment for both groups was 3 months. Micro-nutrition assessment (MNA) was carried out before and after treatment, and serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), T cell CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, IgA levels were detected before and after treatment. The ratio of CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> was calculated. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome before and after treatment and the piper fatigue scale (PFS-R) and universal core scale of children's quality of life (PedsQL) were scored. The changes of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb) and platelets (PLT) were evaluated before and after treatment. Result:The nutritional status of the observation group was better than that of the control group after treatment (<italic>Z</italic>=2.018, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The observed fatigue was lighter than that of the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.029, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The MNA score of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The scores of PFS-R and deficiency of both Qi and blood were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+ </sup>levels and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the CD8<sup>+</sup> was lower than the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The IgM and IgA levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The RBC, Hb and PLT levels of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Modified Shengmaiyin can be used as adjuvant therapy for children with ALL chemotherapy by improving nutritional status, immune function and immune balance, reducing clinical symptoms, promoting the recovery of hematopoietic system and improving the quality of life.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between phase behavior of curcumin (CUR) from self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system (SNEDDS) and stability of the formed nanoemulsion in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. Method:The growth rate of precipitation after dispersion of CUR-SNEDDS was expressed by the change tendency of CUR supersaturation-time curve. The effect of drug loading on crystal nucleation and growth was investigated by ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and polarized light microscope, respectively. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the precipitation forms of CUR-SNEDDS with different drug loading in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. At the same time, the effect of drug loading on the quality stability of nanoemulsion formed by CUR-SNEDDS in artificial gastrointestinal fluid was investigated. Result:In the artificial gastrointestinal fluid, with the increase of drug loading, the area under the supersaturation-time curve of CUR was increased (100% drug loading≈90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the crystallization nucleation and growth rate were accelerated (100% drug loading>90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the amorphous proportion in the precipitation composition decreased, the nanoemulsion droplets adhered and distributed unevenly, the particle size and dispersivity were increased. Conclusion:High drug loading promotes the nucleation and growth of crystals, and increases the proportion of crystal forms in the precipitation composition, which leads to the decrease in the stability of the formed nanoemulsion. Therefore, it is suggested that the drug loading of CUR-SNEDDS needs to be controlled below 90%.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888007

ABSTRACT

Drug resistance resulting from bacterial biofilms can invalidate antibacterial agents. Therefore,eradicating bacterial biofilms to reverse drug resistance is a hotspot in the pharmaceutical research. In recent years,numerous studies have revealed the complicated mechanism of bacterial biofilm formation and strong drug resistance with multiple influential factors involved. This paper gives a comprehensive review on the process of biofilm formation and intervention by natural drugs,which can provide some reference and evidence for the following studies.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacteria/genetics , Biofilms , Drug Resistance , Pharmaceutical Preparations
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of dietary intervention on blood glucose during intestinal preparation for colonoscopy.Methods:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of different interventions on blood glucose during bowel preparation in colonoscopy patients were retrieved on PubMed, CNKI, and WanFang, and RevMan 5.3 software was applied for meta-analysis based on the intervention groups.Results:A total of 10 RCTs in 8 papers, including 3 345 patients, 1 603 patients in the control group and 1 742 patients in the intervention group, were reviewed. Meta-analysis results showed that 10 studies reported incidence of hypoglycemia and interventions during intestinal preparation, and heterogeneity among researches was statistical ( P<0.000 01, I2=80%). Under random effects model combined with effect quantity, compared with the control group, dietary intervention could significantly reduce the incidence of hypoglycemia during bowel preparation, the difference was significant ( OR=0.19, 95% CI: 0.09-0.40, P<0.05). Conclusion:Dietary intervention during intestinal preparation for colonoscopy can prevent the occurrence of hypoglycemia and avoid relative adverse reactions and parasympathetic nerve activity. However, due to the limited number and quality of included researches, the above conclusion need to be verified by more high-quality RCTs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of Epstein-Barr virus associated lymphoproliferative disease in children and to improve the understanding of this disease.Methods:This study included the children with Epstein-Barr virus associated lymphoproliferative disease admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of College of Medicine of Zhejiang University from January 2014 to December 2018.Data of these children were collected, including age, clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment and outcome.The clinical features and therapeutic effects were analyzed.Results:A total of 114 cases(mean age 6 years, 0~17 years)were enrolled in this study, including 53 males and 61 females.There were 107 cases(93.86%) in the mild group (38 cases of EBV infection and 69 cases of infectious mononucleosis) and 7 cases in the severe group (6.14%). Six cases of the severe group were T cell or NK cell proliferation.Compared with the mild group, the load of EBV-DNA was higher in the severe group, but there was no significant difference( χ2=0.957, P>0.05). The IgM in severe group was significantly lower( Z=-2.041, P<0.05). But the differences in the level of immune function including IgA, IgG, CD4 + cell and CD8 + cell between the severe group and the mild group were not significant.The cases in the mild group had improved after antiviral treatments.Among the severe group, 3 cases survived after treatment, another 1 case was diagnosed as hydroa vacciniforme-like EBV-related proliferative disease (HV-like LPD). After antiviral treatment, the effect was not good, then after high-dose IVIG treatment and Bortezomib combined with methylprednisolone treatment, the EBV-DNA load decreased and the condition improved.While 1 case lost to follow-up, there were 2 cases with EBV-associated hemophagocytic syndrome and 1 case with EBV-associated lymphoma died after chemotherapy or transplantation. Conclusion:EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disease may manifest as a condition similar to infectious mononucleosis.High IgE, low IgM or high DNA load may indicate poor prognosis.Immune function after EBV infection may have different effects on prognosis.When the infected lymphocyte types are NK or T cells, it may indicate poor prognosis.The efficacy of transplantation and chemotherapy in severe cases is still uncertain.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878946

ABSTRACT

To verify the appropriate preparation process of extracts for the solid substance benchmark of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. The extracts were prepared by different preparation processes, namely the traditional process(process 1), the extract combined with volatile oil separated from traditional process extract liquid(process 2), the modern secondary reflux extraction process(process 3) and the process that volatile oil was extracted first, then prepared according to the traditional process, and combined with extract(process 4); based on the characteristic spectrum, index components of cinnamaldehyde, glycyrrhizin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, cinnamic acid, and the dry extract rate of process 1, the differences and similarities of four extracts were compared. The results showed that the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 2, process 4 and process 1 were all greater than 0.97, while there was no significant difference for the content of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate; the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 3 and process 1 was 0.91, the absolute peak area of 13 out of 21 peaks and the relative peak area of 7 peaks increased significantly, and the content of 3 out of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate also significantly increased. In conclusion, the material standards of extracts by the process 2 and 4 are consistent with that of the traditional process, so the two processes are suitable.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Oils, Volatile , Quality Control , Reference Standards
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 244-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878253

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of polarization program on the ability of macrophages to regulate iron metabolism. M1 and M2 macrophages were propagated in vitro from porcine alveolar macrophages 3D4/2 and polarized by cytokines. The 3D4/2 macrophages were treated with 20 ng/mL interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and 10 ng/mL interleukin-4 (IL-4) combined with 10 ng/mL macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) to induce polarization to M1 and M2, respectively. After incubation for 24 h, the expression levels of inflammatory factors and iron-metabolism genes were determined using real-time qPCR, Western bot and immunofluorescence. The M1/M2 macrophages culture media supernatant was collected and used to treat porcine intestinal epithelial cells IPEC-J2. The proliferation ability of IPEC-J2 was detected using CCK-8 assay kit. Following exogenous addition of ammonium ferric citrate (FAC) to M1/M2 macrophages, the phagocytic function of macrophages was detected using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-dextran) and flow cytometry. The results showed that, compared with control, M1 macrophages had higher mRNA levels of iron storage proteins (ferritin heavy and light polypeptide, i.e. FtH and FtL), hepcidin and lipocalin-2, as well as iron content. Moreover, iron enhanced the ability of M1 macrophages to phagocytize FITC-dextran. There was no significant change in these mRNA expression levels in M2 macrophages, but the mRNA expression levels of ferroportin and transferrin receptor were up-regulated. In addition, the conditioned media supernatant from M2 macrophages promoted cell proliferation of IPEC-J2. These findings indicate that M1 macrophages tend to lock iron in the cell and reduce extracellular iron content, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of extracellular bacteria. While M2 macrophages tend to excrete iron, which contributes to the proliferation of surrounding cells and thus promotes tissue repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Ferritins , Iron/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism , Swine
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877454

ABSTRACT

The Singapore Health Services cluster (SingHealth) radiology film archives are a valuable repository of local radiological cases dating back to the 1950s. Some of the cases in the archives are of historical medical interest, i.e. cerebral angiography in the workup of patients with hemiplegia. Other cases are of historical social interest, being conditions seen during earlier stages of Singapore's development, i.e. bound feet. The archives form a unique portal into the development of local radiology as well as the national development of Singapore. A selection from the archives is published in commemoration of the International Day of Radiology in 2020, as well as the 200th anniversary of the Singapore General Hospital in 2021. This pictorial essay comprises gastroenterology, musculoskeletal and obstetrics and gynaecology cases from the archives.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781264

ABSTRACT

With an estimated incidence of 1/40 000 to 1/4000, Gitelman syndrome is the most common type of inherited renal tubular disease during adolescence or adulthood. Characteristic features of Gitelman syndrome include transient episodes of muscle cramps and fatigue, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and metabolic alkalosis. Detection of SLC12A3 mutations, in conjunct with clinical manifestations, may confirm the diagnosis. Recent research suggested that CLCNKB may also be a candidate gene for Gitelman syndrome. Research on genotype-phenotype correlation has provided more information on the genetic etiology of Gitelman syndrome, which may facilitate the diagnosis and treatment for this syndrome and improve their prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the detection rate of optical disc and retinal neovascularization in stage Ⅳ diabetic retinopathy by multidirectional OCT angiography (OCTA).Methods:A retrospective study. From September to October 2018, 50 eyes of 46 patients with diabetic retinopathy of stage Ⅳ diagnosed in Tangshan Ophthalmological Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 18 males (19 eyes) and 28 females (31 eyes). The age ranged from 31 to 78 years, with an average age of 56.64±10.64 years. All patients underwent medical optometry, mydriasis fundus examination and FFA examination. All patients met the diagnostic criteria of stage Ⅳ diabetic retinopathy. All patients underwent multidirectional OCTA examination on the same day after mydriasis fundus examination and FFA examination. Angiography 6 mm × 6 mm scanning mode was selected for OCTA examination. The retinal areas of macular area, optic disc, superior nasal disc, superior optic disc, superior macular area, superior temporal macular area, temporal macular area, inferior nasal disc, inferior optic disc, inferior macular area and inferior temporal macular area were scanned respectively. All images were taken by the same physician and read by two physicians independently. Cases with inconsistent opinions between the two physicians were not included in this study. The optical disc and retinal neovascularization in patients with stage Ⅳ diabetic retinopathy were observed on FFA and multidirectional OCTA images.Results:In 50 eyes, the positive number of screening optic disc neovascularization using FFA was 8 eyes, OCTA was 15 eyes (100%). In the 42 eyes without optic disc neovascularization detected by FFA, OCTA detected 7 eyes, all located on the optic disc surface. Four of the eyes were located in the optic cup, linear and branching, with an area of less than 1/4 optic disc. In 50 eyes, the positive number of screening retinal neovascularization using FFA was 50 eyes, the positive number of OCTA was 43 eyes. In 43 eyes with detected by OCTA, retinal neovascularization buds were detected in 3 eyes, but not in FFA. The retinal neovascularization not detected by OCTA was located in the mid-peripheral part of the retina, which is beyond the inspection range of multi-directional OCTA.Conclusion:The positive rate of optic disc neovascularization and retinal neovascularization in stage Ⅳ DR by multidirectional OCTA is 100.0% and 86.0%, respectively.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845193

ABSTRACT

The drugresistance caused by the long-term application of chemotherapeutic drugs is still the obstacle and problem of current tumor treatment. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism of tumor drug resistance to establish strategies to overcome or reverse tumor drug resistance has always been an urgent issue in tumor treatment. Exosome is one of the research hotspots in recent years. Exosome carries a variety of biologically active substances, such as non-coding RNA(ncRNA), DNA, and protein, and is an important medium of signal transmission between cells, which regulates a variety of physiological processes and pathological activities in the body. Particularly, the ncRNA in exosomes secreted by tumor cells affects the tumor angiogenesis, immune escape and metastasis phenotypes, and also mediates tumor cell resistance. This article reviews recent studies on exosomes-derived ncRNA-mediated antineoplastic drug resistance to clarify the role of exosomes in tumor resistance, aiming to provide a reference for the development of antitumor drugs and the improvement of efficacy of tumor chemotherapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793282

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression pattern of linc00346 and E2F2, and its prognostic value on liver cancer. Methods Gene expression profile data of patients with liver cancer was downloaded from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database. Paired t test was used to evaluate the differential expression of linc00346 and E2F2 from tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues. Co-expression analysis of linc00346 and E2F2 was performed using Pearson correlation. Log-Rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to estimate prognostic value of linc00346 and E2F2. Results linc00346 and E2F2 expression were upregulated in liver cancer tissue specimens (all P<0.05), and fold change was 2.24 and 3.72, respectively. Pearson coefficient was 0.20 (P<0.001). Patient with linc00346 and E2F2 high expression had a 1.77 (95 % CI: 1.23-2.55) and 2.19 (95 % CI: 1.51-3.17) times higher hazard of death than those with linc00346 and E2F2 low expression, respectively. However, only E2F2 was significantly associated with the prognosis of liver cancer in multiple Cox regression. Conclusions linc00346 and E2F2 expressions are upregulated in liver cancer tissues, and patients with linc00346 and E2F2 high expressions has poor prognosis. It is of great significance to discover linc00346 and E2F2 as a novel therapeutic target for liver cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880786

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinicopathological features and types of genic mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) in colorectal cancer (CRC).@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of MMR proteins in 1394 patients with CRC, and PCR-capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) was used to detect microsatellite instability (MSI) in 106 cases of defective MMR (dMMR), 46 cases of proficient MMR (pMMR) with heterogeneous expression and 147 randomly selected cases of pMMR. The relationship between the expressions of MMR proteins and the clinicopathological features of the patients was evaluated. The consistency between the results of immunohistochemistry and PCR-CE was assessed.@*RESULTS@#Immunohistochemical staining showed an incidence of dMMR of 7.6% in the patients. The main type of dMMR was co-deletion of MLH1 and PMS2, accounting for 55.7% of the total dMMR cases. The deletion of MMR proteins was significantly correlated with the patients' age, tumor location, tumor size, gross type, histological type, degree of differentiation, lymph node status and TNM stage (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main type of dMMR is co-deletion of MLH1 and PMS2 in patients with colorectal cancer. dMMR colorectal cancer has typical clinicopathological features and a lower incidence in China than in Western countries. The results of immunohistochemistry and PCR-CE are highly consistent for detecting dMMR in colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
China , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , Humans , Microsatellite Instability
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828498

ABSTRACT

Aromatase is the rate-limiting enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis. The third generation aromatase inhibitors (AIs), represented by letrozoleand and anastrozole, can combine with aromatase, effectively reducing the estrogen level in the body. Because of its high efficiency, selectivity and reversibility, it has been used in the treatment of McCune-Albright syndrome, familial male-limited precocious puberty, gynecomastia, and adolescent boy with short stature. The good efficacy and safety of AIs have been observed. However, so far the drug instructions of AIs usually do not show indications for children; there are risks of adverse reactions involving liver and kidney function, lipid metabolism, hyperandrogenemia and bone metabolism; especially the long-term effects on reproductive system and bone metabolism are still not clear. Therefore, it is necessary to prescribe it carefully and follow up closely. It was not recommended that AIs be routinely used to improve adult height of adolescent boy with short stature. And more clinical evidences are needed for the safety and effectiveness of AIs prescribed in pediatrics.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aromatase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Estrogens , Humans , Male , Puberty, Precocious
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) combined growth hormone in treatment of adolescent boys with short stature.@*METHODS@#One hundred and fifty-one short stature pubertal boys with age of 10-14 years and bone age of 13-15 years, who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, were included in this trial. According to their own or parents' intention, the children were divided into recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH)+AI group ( =108) and rhGH group ( =43). All children were injected subcutaneously with rhGH 0.15-0.2 IU·kg ·d , and those in rhGH+AI group were additionally given 2.5 mg/d letrozole or 1 mg/d anastrozole, orally for 12 months or longer. The children were followed-up every 3 months. During the follow-up visit, the predicted adult height (PAH), sex hormone level, glucose and lipid metabolism, and other indicators were measured, and adverse reactions were monitored.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, there were significant differences in ΔBA(bone age)/ΔCA(chronological age), ΔHtSDS (height standard deviation score based on bone age)and ΔPAH between rhGH+AI group and the rhGH group( < 0.05 or < 0.01). During follow-up, 63.9%of the children in the rhGH+AI group had elevated uric acid and 51.9%had decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL); 25.9%showed severe acne, excitement, hyperactivity and irritability, 11.1%had knee pain; 4.6%had fracture; 2.8%had mild renal dysfunction; 1.9%had inactivity, drowsiness, memory loss and performance decline; 1.9%showed mild abnormal liver function; 0.9%showed impaired fasting glucose; 0.9%showed granulocytopenia. In the rhGH group, 11.6%of the children presented with knee pain and 2.3%with impaired fasting glucose.@*CONCLUSIONS@#AI combined with rhGH can delay the growth of BA and effectively improve the PAH of adolescent boys with larger bone age. However, the occurrence of adverse reactions of AI should be closely monitored during treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Aromatase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Body Height , Child , Growth Disorders , Human Growth Hormone , Humans , Male , Recombinant Proteins
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2376-2381, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects and potential mechani sm of deoxyschizandrin on the proliferation ,migration and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell HONE- 1. METHODS :HONE-1 cell was set as cell model ,while CCK- 8 test,wound healing assay and Transwell chamber test were used to detect the proliferation ,migration and invasion ability changes of HONE- 1 cells after treatment with different concentrations [ 0(blank control ),10,20,40 μmol/L] of deoxyschizandrin. Computer molecular docking was performed to analyze the binding ability between deoxyschizandrin and Met protein. Western blotting assay was used to detect the relative protein expressions of p-Met ,p-PI3K,p-Akt,Bcl-2 and N-cadherin in cells. RESULTS :Compared with blank control ,the proliferation ,migration and invasion ability of cells after treated with 10,20,40 μmol/L deoxyschizandrin were all decreased significantly (P<0.05). Results of molecular docking revealed that deoxyschizandrin could stably bind with the activity pocket of Met protein. Results of Western blotting assay demonstrated that compared with blank control ,10,20,40 μmol/L deoxyschizandrin all decreased the relative protein expressions of p-Met ,p-PI3K,p-Akt,Bcl-2 and N-cadherin in cells significantly(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Deoxyschizandrin can inhibit the proliferation ,migration and invasion of HONE- 1 cell via inhibiting the activation of Met/PI 3K/Akt signaling pathway.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824970

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus subtle adjustment manipulation of the cervical spine for peripheral facial paralysis.Methods: A total of 60 patients with peripheral facial paralysis who met the screening criteria were selected and divided into two groups according to the method of random number table, with 30 cases in each group. The patients in the acupuncture plus tuina group received routine treatment of acupuncture and subtle adjustment manipulation of the cervical spine, while the patients in the acupuncture group only received the same acupuncture treatment. Assessment of peripheral facial paralysis with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine was adopted for rehabilitation assessment. Results: The total effective rate of the acupuncture plus tuina group was 93.3%, while that of the acupuncture group was 70.0%, and there was a significant between-group difference (P<0.05). After treatment, the total scores of rehabilitation assessment in both groups were significantly higher than those before treatment (both P<0.05), and the score of the acupuncture plus tuina group was significantly higher than that of the acupuncture group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The treatment of acupuncture plus subtle adjustment manipulation of the cervical spine can improve the function of facial muscles in patients with peripheral facial paralysis, and its clinical efficacy is better than that of the acupuncture treatment alone.

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