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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of total ginsenosides (TG) extract from Panax ginseng on neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation and their underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The migration of NSCs after treatment with various concentrations of TG extract (50, 100, or 200 µ g/mL) were monitored. The proliferation of NSCs was examined by a combination of cell counting kit-8 and neurosphere assays. NSC differentiation mediated by TG extract was evaluated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining to monitor the expression of nestin and microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2). The GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in TG-treated NSCs was examined by Western blot assay. The NSCs with constitutively active GSK-3β mutant were made by adenovirus-mediated gene transfection, then the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs mediated by TG were further verified.@*RESULTS@#TG treatment significantly enhanced NSC migration (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and increased the proliferation of NSCs (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG mediation also significantly upregulated MAP2 expression but downregulated nestin expression (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG extract also significantly induced GSK-3β phosphorylation at Ser9, leading to GSK-3β inactivation and, consequently, the activation of the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In addition, constitutive activation of GSK-3β in NSCs by the transfection of GSK-3β S9A mutant was found to significantly suppress TG-mediated NSC proliferation and differentiation (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TG promoted NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation by inactivating GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Panax , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats , beta Catenin/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, distribution of pathogenic bacteria causing BSI and drug sensitivity of 910 patients treated by HSCT in our department from January 2013 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 910 HSCT patients, 111 patients were diagnosed as BSI within 100 days after transplantation, and 98 patients showed BSI during the period of agranulocytosis. Multivariate analysis showed that the usage of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG), long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of mononuclear cell (MNC) were the independent risk factors affecting BSI after HSCT. Among 121 pathogenic bacteria isolated, 76 Gram-negative (G-) bacteria (62.8%), 40 Gram-positive (G+) bacteria (33.0%), and 5 fungi (4.1%) were detected out. The top three pathogens were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The drug-resistance rates of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae to carbapenems was 14.3% and 7.7%, respectively, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was 66.7%. The susceptibility of G+ bacteria to vancomycin, linezolid and teicoplanin was 97.5%, 100% and 100%, respectively. The crude mortality rate of the patients with BSI at 100 days after HSCT was significantly higher than that of patients without BSI (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The usage of ATG, long duration of agranulocytosis and low infusion volume of MNC are independent risk factors for BSI after HSCT. The pathogens after HSCT are mainly G- bacteria. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is highly resistant to carbapenems. Key words  ;


Subject(s)
Bacteremia/epidemiology , Bacteria , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of sex on the clinical outcome of extremely preterm infants (EPIs)/extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) by propensity score matching.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 731 EPIs or ELBWIs who were admitted from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: male and female. A propensity score matching analysis was performed at a ratio of 1:1. The matching variables included gestational age, birth weight, percentage of withdrawal from active treatment, percentage of small-for-gestational-age infant, percentage of use of pulmonary surfactant, percentage of 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, percentage of mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, percentage of antenatal use of inadequate glucocorticoids, and percentage of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The two groups were compared in the incidence rate of main complications during hospitalization and the rate of survival at discharge.@*RESULTS@#Before matching, compared with the female group, the male group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and patent ductus arteriosus (P<0.05), while after matching, the male group only had a significantly higher incidence rate of BPD than the female group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of survival at discharge between the two groups before and after matching (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male EPIs/ELBWIs have a higher risk of BPD than female EPIs/ELBWIs, but male and female EPIs/ELBWIs tend to have similar outcomes.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sex Characteristics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect potential mutation of the ASPM gene in a Chinese pedigree affected with autosomal recessive primary microcephaly 5 (MCPH5).@*METHODS@#Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the proband and her parents. Amniotic fluid sample was also collected upon her mother' s subsequent pregnancy. Following extraction of genomic DNA, PCR and Sanger sequencing were carried out to identify potential variants of the ASPM gene.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor compound heterozygous variants of the ASPM gene, namely c.8214dupT (p.Q2739fs) in exon 18 and c.9541C>T (p.R3181X) in exon 23, which were respectively inherited from her father and mother. The fetus has found to have inherited the c.9541C>T (p.R3181X) variant only.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.8214dupT (p.Q2739fs) and c.9541C>T (p.R3181X) compound heterozygous variants of the ASPM gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of MCPH5 in this patient. Above finding has enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for her family.


Subject(s)
China , Counseling , Female , Humans , Microcephaly , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree , Pregnancy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus featuring infantile polycystic kidney disease (IPKD).@*METHODS@#Following elective abortion, fetal tissue and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out to detect potential variants correlated with the phenotype.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor a heterozygous c.1370C>T (p.P457L) variant of the HNF1B gene, which was unreported previously. The same variant was not detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.1370C>T (p.P457L) variant of the HNF1B gene probably underlay the IPKD in this fetus. Above finding has enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetus , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Whole Exome Sequencing
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928149

ABSTRACT

The methods for determining the characteristic chromatogram and index components content of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were established to provide a scientific basis for the quality evaluation of substance benchmarks and preparations. Eighteen batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction were prepared with the decoction pieces of different batches and of the same batch were prepared respectively, and the HPLC characteristic chromatograms of these samples were established. The similarities of the chromatographic fingerprints were analyzed. With liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, ginsenoside Rg_1, and ginsenoside Re as index components, the high performance liquid chromatography was established for content determination with no more than 70%-130% of the mass average as the limit. The results showed that there were 19 characteristic peaks corresponding to the characteristic chromatograms of 18 batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction, including 8 peaks representing liquiritin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylqunic acid, ginsenoside Rg_1, ginsenoside Re, 1-O-acetyl britannilactone, ginsenoside Rb_1, glycyrrhizic acid, and 6-gingerol, and the fingerprint similarity was greater than 0.97. The contents of liquiritin, glycyrrhizic acid, 6-gingerol, and ginsenosides Rg_1 + Re in the prepared Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction samples were 0.53%-0.86%, 0.61%-1.2%, 0.023%-0.068%, and 0.33%-0.66%, respectively. Except for several batches, most batches of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction showed stable contents of index components, with no discrete values. The characteristic chromatograms and index components content characterized the information of Inulae Flos, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens in Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction. This study provides a scientific basis for the further research on the key chemical properties of substance benchmark and preparations of Xuanfu Daizhe Decoction.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Ginsenosides/analysis , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Quality Control
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 627-637, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922877

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are a kind of endosomal vesicles that are secreted by most if not all living cells. Due to their capability of delivering a variety of cargos, such as tissue- or cell-specific proteins, lipids, and genetic materials, and their broad biological activities, exosomes have gained substantial attention as emerging therapeutics. Exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and dendritic cells (DCs) are two types of exosomes that are widely studied. Many preclinical and clinical studies have shown that they have a satisfactory treatment effect in lung diseases, liver diseases, nervous system diseases, tumors, and other diseases. In addition, exosomes from macrophages, tumor cells, plant cells, and many other cells are getting more attention due to their therapeutic potential. Besides natural exosomes, research on engineered exosomes has also made plenty of progress. There have been several engineering methods of exosomes, such as targeting modification and loading of active ingredients. In this review, we summarize the research progress of therapeutic exosomes from different sources, and further discusses the application prospects of exosomes and possible challenges in the future.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of chitinase-like protein YKL-40 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for predicting refractory @*METHODS@#A total of 50 children with common @*RESULTS@#Compared with the common MPP group, the RMPP group had significantly higher incidence rates of fever, shortness of breath, lung consolidation, and pleural effusion (@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is an increase in the level of YKL-40 in BALF in children with RMPP, and the level of YKL-40 in BALF has a certain value for predicting RMPP.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1 , Chitinases , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/diagnosis
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing for a pregnant woman with mild mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, and a history of adverse pregnancies and provide prenatal diagnosis for her.@*METHODS@#Routine G-banded karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP-array) analysis were performed on the couple and amniotic fluid sample.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was found with the couple and amniotic fluid sample. SNP-array analysis showed that the woman has carried a 7.801 Mb microdeletion in 10q22.3q23.2, which involved 18 OMIM genes including CDHR1, BMPR1A, NRG3, GRID1 and LDB3, which are associated with facial abnormalities, developmental retardation, mental retardation and autism. The fetus also carried a 7.819 Mb deletion in the same region, while the father showed no abnormality.@*CONCLUSION@#Both the pregnant woman and her fetus have carried a 10q22.3q23.2 microdeletion, which has provided guidance for her subsequent pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921782

ABSTRACT

As a classic prescription for promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction(XFZYD) is widely used in clinical practice and has notable curative effect. Based on the key targets of activating blood circulation, this study identified the active components of XFZYD to reveal the material basis. The components of XFZYD were collected from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). The molecular docking models were built for the blood-activating targets obtained from the previous study with the components of XFZYD. The top five active components with measurability for each target were selected as the potential blood-activating components in the prescription. The efficacy of the prescription can embody key pharmacological and high-content components. In this study, anti-platelet aggregation activity was used to characterize the effect of activating blood, and the in vivo experiments were conducted to verify the accuracy of the active components. A total of 210 chemical components of XFZYD were screened out from TCMSP and docked with the key targets with the function of activating blood. Ligustrazine, acteoside, naringin, etc. were selected as the potential active components for activating blood in XFZYD. The anti-platelet aggregation activity of the combination of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix, Aurantii Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and Carthami Flos was 9.82%±5.11%. Compared with that in the control group, the platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate(ADP) was significantly inhibited in the test group(P<0.01), which verified the accuracy of the active components. This study can guide the research on the material basis of XFZYD and provide insights into the development and utilization of the classical prescription.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Rhizome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921751

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of luteolin regulating lipoxygenase pathway against oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R) injury in H9 c2 cardiomyocytes. First, Discovery Studio 2019 was used for the molecular docking of luteolin with three key enzymes including lipoxygenase 5(ALOX5), lipoxygenase 12(ALOX12), and lipoxygenase 15(ALOX15) in lipoxygenase pathway. The docking results showed that luteolin had high docking score and similar functional groups with the original ligand. From this, H9 c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro, and then the injury model of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes was induced by deprivation of oxygen-glucose for 8 h, and rehabilitation of oxygen-glucose for 12 h. Cell viability was detected by tetrazolium(MTT) colorimetry. H9 c2 cardiomyocytes were observed with a fluorescence inverted microscope, and colorimetry was used to detect the level of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) in cell supernatant. The results showed that luteolin could significantly protect the morphology of H9 c2 cells, significantly improve the survival rate of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes in OGD/R injury model, reduce the level of LDH in cell supernatant, inhibit cytotoxicity, and maintain the integrity of cell membrane. The inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Compared with the model group, luteolin can significantly reduce the release of IL-6 and TNF-α. Western blot was employed to detect the protein levels of ALOX5, ALOX12, and ALOX15 in lipoxygenase pathway. After luteolin intervention, the protein levels of ALOX5, ALOX12, and ALOX15 were significantly down-regulated compared with those in model group. These results indicate that luteolin can inhibit the release of IL-6 and TNF-α by restraining the activation of lipoxygenase pathway, thereby playing a protective role in the cardiomyocyte injury model induced by OGD/R.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Glucose , Humans , Lipoxygenases , Luteolin/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oxygen , Reperfusion Injury , Signal Transduction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912720

ABSTRACT

Medical insurance payment model is transforming from project-based purchases to service bundle-based strategic purchases. The new form of bundled purchases should found on a scientifically-led design process of such bundles. The core to bundled purchase would be the payment standard, and the key to its success would be process control. Establishment of such a foundation, a core, and a key, would promote the current price standards, and lead service providers to a standardized medical service standard, so as to ensure a precise rewarding system of payment and service. The big data diagnosis-intervention packet(DIP)is able to fulfill mentioned ambitions by integrating insurance payment and supervision into one management. DIP is a full-process payment mode that encompasses pre-service estimation, in-service process control, post-service grading, and resource allocation. It is an innovative practice in line with China′s national conditions for the modern governance of medical security and medical services.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Elian granule on autophagy and the phosphatidylinositol -3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB/Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in gastric tissue of rats with gastric cancer. Method:SPF SD rats were randomly divided into the normal, model, Elian granule, and Weifuchun groups. In addition to the routine feeding in the normal group, the model, Elian granule, and Weifuchun groups received <italic>N</italic>-methyl-<italic>N</italic>'-nitro-<italic>N</italic>-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) to induce gastric cancer in rats, and they were respectively given normal saline, Elian granule aqueous solution (3.240 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Weifuchun aqueous solution (0.390 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by gavage (<italic>ig</italic>) for 48 weeks. The gross changes of the stomach taken by laparotomy were observed by naked eyes. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the histopathological changes of the gastric tissue in rats. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot (WB) were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta (LC3B), Beclin1, p62, PI3K, Akt, mTOR in rat gastric tissue. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed gastric distension, thinner gastric wall, pale gastric mucosa, atrophied and flat folds, disordered course, and visible nodules and vegetations. Compared with the model group, the Elian granule group demonstrated alleviated gastric distension, dark gastric mucosa, reduced folds, and regular course, with the thinned gastric wall improved and granular nodules observed occasionally. According to HE staining, compared with the normal group, the model group showed crowded and disordered rat gastric glands, diverse in shape, varied cell morphology, basophilic cytoplasm, large irregular hyperchromatic nuclei, visible mitosis, and infiltrated and destroyed muscularis mucosae. While compared with the model group, the arrangement of gastric glands was regular, and a few mildly atypical cells could be observed in rats of the Elian granule group. Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited decreased expression of LC3B and Beclin1 mRNA and protein in gastric tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and increased expression of PI3K, p62, Akt, and mTOR mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, the Elian granule group showed increased expression of LC3B and Beclin1 mRNA and protein in gastric tissue (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), and decreased expression of PI3K mRNA and p62, Akt, and mTOR mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Elian granule can improve the cell atypia of gastric tissue in rats with gastric cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to promote autophagy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Shuangshen Xionglian (SSXL) granules on vasculopathy and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/serine threonine kinase (Akt)/nitrogen oxide synthase (eNOS) signal in hyperhomocysteinemia chronic kidney disease rats. Method:Rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: sham operation group, model group, and high, medium and low-dose (8, 4, 2 g·kg-1) SSXL groups. The model of hyperhomocysteinemia chronic kidney disease in rats was established with high methionine feed combined with 5/6 nephrectomy. After 5/6 nephrectomy, continuous intragastric administration lasted for four weeks. Arterial blood pressure was measured at the 4th and 8th weeks after operation. At the end of the 8th week after the operation, blood was collected to determine serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, homocysteine (Hcy), methionine and blood lipid. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of PI3K/Akt/eNOS pathway-related proteins, such as p-p85, p-Akt and p-Ser177 in thoracic aorta, and serum NO and eNOS were measured. The changes of endothelium-dependent relaxation and non-endothelium-dependent relaxation were measured by the method of isolated thoracic aorta ring. Pathological htoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the changes of renal tissue and thoracic aorta. Result:At the 8th week of the experiment, compared with the sham operation group, arterial systolic blood pressure, serum urea nitrogen, creatinine, Hcy, methionine, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein of the model group were significantly increased. Four weeks later after administration, arterial systolic blood pressure, serum urea nitrogen, Hcy, methionine, serum total cholesterol and serum low-density lipoprotein were significantly reduced in each dose group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The creatinine in the SSXL 8, 4 g·kg-1 group was significantly reduced (P<0.05). The nitric oxide content of SSXL in each dose groups were increased compared with that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the serum eNOS activity of the SSXL in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly increased compared with that in the model group (P<0.05). The endothelium dependent and non-endothelium dependent vasodilation of thoracic aortic rings in the model group were significantly damaged. The cumulative concentration of acetylcholine (1×10-5.5~1×10-4 mmo1·L-1) in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly improved (P<0.05, P<0.01). The diastolic degree of the vascular ring in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group was significantly higher than that in the model group (P<0.05). Western blot results showed that the expressions of p-85, p-Akt and p-Ser177 in blood vessels increased in the sham group compared with those in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the phosphorylation level of this pathway was increased in the SSXL groups, and the expressions of p-Akt and p-Ser177 in the SSXL 8 g·kg-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05). The pathological results showed that the pathological changes of thoracic aorta and renal tissue in the dosages of SSXL were significantly reduced compared with those in the model group. Conclusion:SSXL granules can improve hyperhomocysteine and dyslipidemia in rats of chronic kidney disease with hyperhomocysteine, reduce serum creatinine, urea nitrogen levels and arterial systolic blood pressure, and improve vascular morphology and diastolic function, which may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathway.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897472

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop web-based nomograms to precisely predict survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in an endemic area. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 10,126 patients who underwent radical intensity-modulated radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) from 2009 to 2015 were analyzed. We assigned patients into a training cohort (SYSUCC-A, n=6,751) and an internal validation cohort (SYSUCC-B, n=3,375) based on computer-generated random numbers. Patients collected from Wuzhou Red Cross Hospital (WZRCH) between 2012 and 2015 were used as the independent external validation cohort (WZRCH, n=450). Concordance index (C-index) was used to determine predictive accuracy and discriminative ability for the nomogram. The web-based clinicopathologic prediction models for predicting survival were based on Cox regression. @*Results@#The C-indexes for SYSUCC-A, SYSUCC-B, and WZRCH cohorts for the established nomograms to predict 3-year overall survival (OS) was 0.736, 0.715, and 0.691. Additionally, C-indexes to predict 3-year distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was 0.717, 0.706, and 0.686, disease-free survival (DFS) was 0.713, 0.697, and 0.656, local relapse-free survival was 0.695, 0.684, and 0.652, and regional relapse-free survival was 0.672, 0.650, and 0.616. The calibration plots showed great agreement between nomogram-predicted 3-year survival outcomes and actual 3-year survival outcomes. Moreover, C-indexes of the nomograms for OS, DMFS, and DFS were significantly superior than TNM stage (p< 0.001 for all). @*Conclusion@#These user-friendly nomograms can precisely predict survival endpoints in patients with non-metastatic NPC. They may serve as a useful tool for providing patient counseling and help physicians to make individual follow-up plans.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889768

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop web-based nomograms to precisely predict survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in an endemic area. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 10,126 patients who underwent radical intensity-modulated radiotherapy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) from 2009 to 2015 were analyzed. We assigned patients into a training cohort (SYSUCC-A, n=6,751) and an internal validation cohort (SYSUCC-B, n=3,375) based on computer-generated random numbers. Patients collected from Wuzhou Red Cross Hospital (WZRCH) between 2012 and 2015 were used as the independent external validation cohort (WZRCH, n=450). Concordance index (C-index) was used to determine predictive accuracy and discriminative ability for the nomogram. The web-based clinicopathologic prediction models for predicting survival were based on Cox regression. @*Results@#The C-indexes for SYSUCC-A, SYSUCC-B, and WZRCH cohorts for the established nomograms to predict 3-year overall survival (OS) was 0.736, 0.715, and 0.691. Additionally, C-indexes to predict 3-year distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) was 0.717, 0.706, and 0.686, disease-free survival (DFS) was 0.713, 0.697, and 0.656, local relapse-free survival was 0.695, 0.684, and 0.652, and regional relapse-free survival was 0.672, 0.650, and 0.616. The calibration plots showed great agreement between nomogram-predicted 3-year survival outcomes and actual 3-year survival outcomes. Moreover, C-indexes of the nomograms for OS, DMFS, and DFS were significantly superior than TNM stage (p< 0.001 for all). @*Conclusion@#These user-friendly nomograms can precisely predict survival endpoints in patients with non-metastatic NPC. They may serve as a useful tool for providing patient counseling and help physicians to make individual follow-up plans.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of four children with congenital hyperinsulinemia (CHI).@*METHODS@#The four children were subjected to high-throughput whole exome sequencing (WES). Candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#WES analysis has identified 4 variants in the ABCC8 gene and 1 variant in GLUD1, including a ABCC8 c.382G>A variant in case 1, compound heterozygous c.698T>C and c.4213G>A variants of the ABCC8 gene concomitant with a de novo 14.9 Mb microduplication of chromosome 15 in case 2, and ABCC8 c.331G>A variant in case 3, and de novo c.955T>C variant of the GLUD1 gene in case 4. Of these, c.698T>C of the ABCC8 gene and c.955T>C of the GLUD1 gene were unreported previously. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines, the c.382G>A(p.Glu128Lys), c.698T>C(p.Met233Thr) and c.4213G>A(p.Asp1405Asn) variants of ABCC8 gene and c.955T>C(p.Tyr319His) variant of GLUD1 gene were predicted to be likely pathogenic(PM1+PM2+PP3+PP4, PM1+PM2+PM5+PP3+PP4, PM1+PM2+PP3+PP4 and PS1+PM1+PM2+PP3), and the c.331G>A (p.Gly111Arg) variant of ABCC8 gene was predicted to be uncertain significance(PM1+PM2+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The variants of the ABCC8 and GLUD1 genes probably underlay the pathogenesis of CHI in the four patients. Above results have facilitated clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling for the affected families.


Subject(s)
Child , Genomics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Hyperinsulinism , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888252

ABSTRACT

Alternating hemiplegia of childhood is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. Most cases are reported as sporadic disorder due to

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888123

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Protein Interaction Maps , Qi , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 81-86, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885482

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of rituximab on lymphocytes and immunoglobulin in the treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and minimal change disease (MCD).Methods:The subjects were FSGS and MCD patients admitted to Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University on July 1, 2014 and July 1, 2019. All the enrolled patients were confirmed by clinical examination and renal biopsy, and received rituximab treatment (4 infusions of 375 mg/m 2 with the interval of 7-14 d). The levels of immunoglobulin IgA, IgG, IgM, and lymphocytes of CD19 +, CD20 +, CD3 +, CD3 +CD4 +, CD3 +CD8 + and natural killer cells (CD56 +CD16 +) were compared between baseline and the third month, the sixth month, the ninth month and the twelfth month after treatment. Results:Ninety-six patients with FSGS or MCD were enrolled in this study. The midian age was 28 years old (14-77 years old). The ratio of men to woman was 1.8∶1. There were 65 cases of MCD and 31 cases of FSGS. After rituximab treatment, the 24 h-proteinuria was significantly lower than that before treatment, and the serum albumin level was increased (both P<0.05). After rituximab treatment of 3 months, 6 months, 9 months and 12 months, CD19 + and CD20 + lymphocyte counts were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), and gradually recovered after 6 months. Compared with baseline, at 3, 6, 9, 12 months after rituximab treatment, the level of blood IgG was significantly increased ( P=0.004,<0.001,<0.001,<0.001, respectively), and the level of blood IgM was significantly decreased ( P<0.001, =0.008, =0.005,<0.001, respectively) but the median level still within the normal range (400-3 450 mg/L). The level of blood IgA was not significantly changed (all P<0.05). T lymphocytes (CD3 +, CD3 +CD4 + and CD3 +CD8 +) and natural killer cells (CD56 +CD16 +) showed no significant difference from baseline (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Rituximab can effectively eliminate CD19 + and CD20 + lymphocytes, and has little influence on peripheral blood lymphocyte count and immunoglobulin level except CD19 + and CD20 + lymphocytes. The standard administration of rituximab is safe for patients with FSGS and MCD.

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