Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.681
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the mechanisms of 4 effective components from a Chinese medicine formula, namely Qingre Huoxue Jiedu Formula (QHJ heat- and toxin-clearing and blood-activating formula), in the treatment of nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced psoriasis.@*METHODS@#Keratinocyte proliferation and T cell proliferation models were developed using NGF. An NGF solution (NGF+DMEM, 100 ng/mL) was added to all induced groups and treated groups and were cultured for 24 h, while a solution with NTRK1 antagonist (K252a+DEME, 300 nmol/L) was added and cultured for 1 h. The models were used to evaluate the effects of the treatment with each of the 4 components of QHJ, namely shikonin, paeonol, astilbin and ursolic acid. Cell apoptosis and proliferation were measured by flow cytometry analysis and CCK8 assay, respectively. The mRNA expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl, and NGF receptor (NGFR) were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis, respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1) All QHJ-treated groups showed significantly increased cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation compared with the NGF-induced groups (P<0.05). In addition, treatment with QHJ plus NTRK1 significantly enhanced cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation compared with cells treated with QHJ only (P<0.05), particularly in cells treated with ursolic acid. (2) QHJ-treated groups showed higher protein expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl compared with other groups (P<0.05). Additionally, treatment with QHJ plus NTRK1 significantly increased the protein expression levels of Bax, Bcl-xl and NGFR compared with those treated with QHJ only (all P<0.05), especially in those treated with shikonin.@*CONCLUSION@#The action mechanism of QHJ on psoriasis might be through enhancing cell apoptosis and inhibition of cell proliferation, and upregulating the expression level of Bax, Bcl-xl and NGFR.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Nerve Growth Factor/metabolism , Psoriasis/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of intestinal polyps and the risk factors for secondary intussusception in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 2 669 children with intestinal polyps. According to the presence or absence of secondary intussusception, they were divided into two groups: intussusception (n=346) and non-intussusception (n=2 323). Related medical data were compared between the two groups. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for secondary intussusception.@*RESULTS@#Among the children with intestinal polyps, 62.42% were preschool children, and the male/female ratio was 2.08∶1; 92.66% had hematochezia as disease onset, and 94.34% had left colonic polyps and rectal polyps. There were 346 cases of secondary intussusception, with an incidence rate of 12.96% (346/2 669). Large polyps (OR=1.644, P<0.001), multiple polyps (≥2) (OR=6.034, P<0.001), and lobulated polyps (OR=93.801, P<0.001) were the risk factors for secondary intussusception.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intestinal polyps in children often occur in preschool age, mostly in boys, and most of the children have hematochezia as disease onset, with the predilection sites of the left colon and the rectum. Larger polyps, multiple polyps, and lobulated polyps may increase the risk of secondary intussusception, and endoscopic intervention is needed as early as possible to improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Humans , Intestinal Polyps/complications , Intussusception/complications , Male , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aging , Animals , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928046

ABSTRACT

In this study, a method was established for in-situ visualization of metabolite distribution in the rhizome of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. To be specific, through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging(MALDI-MSI), the spatial locations of steroidal saponins, amino acids, organic acids, phytosterols, phytoecdysones, nucleosides, and esters in rhizome of the medicinal plant were directly analyzed, and six unknown compounds with differential distribution in rhizome tissues were identified. The specific procedure is as follows: preparation of rhizome tissue section, matrix screening and optimization, and MALDI-MSI analysis. The results showed that the steroidal saponins were mainly distributed in the central, amino acids in epidermis and cortex, low-molecular-weight organic acids in central epidermis, phytosterols in the epidermis and lateral cortex, the phytoecdysones in epidermis and cortex, nucleosides(uneven distribution) in epidermis and cortex, growth hormones around the epidermis and cortex, particularly outside the cortex, and esters in cortex with unobvious difference among different tissues. In this study, the spatial distribution of meta-bolites in the rhizome of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was characterized for the first time. The result can serve as a reference for identifying and extracting endogenous metabolites of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, exploring the synthesis and metabolism mechanisms of the metabolites, and evaluating the quality of medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
Liliaceae/chemistry , Melanthiaceae , Rhizome/chemistry , Saponins/analysis , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928026

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a rapid and sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneously determining the content of strychnine and paeoniflorin in plasma and brain tissue of rats, and compare the pharmacokinetic behavior and brain tissue distribution of paeoniflorin combined with normal and toxic doses of strychnine in rats after percutaneous administration. Compared with those in the toxic-dose strychnine group, the AUC_(0-t), AUC_(0-∞), and C_(max) of strychnine decreased by 51.51%, 45.68%, and 46.03%, respectively(P<0.01), and the corresponding values of paeoniflorin increased by 91.41%, 102.31%, and 169.32%, respectively(P<0.01), in the compatibility group. Compared with the normal-dose strychnine group, the compatibility group showed insignificantly decreased C_(max), AUC_(0-t), and AUC_(0-∞) of strychnine, increased C_(max) and T_(max) of paeoniflorin(P<0.01), 66.88% increase in AUC_(0-t), and 70.55% increase in AUC_(0-∞) of paeoniflorin. In addition, the brain tissue concentration of strychnine decreased and that of paeoniflorin increased after compatibility. The combination of paeoniflorin with normal dose and toxic dose of strychnine can inhibit the percutaneous absorption of strychnine, and greatly promote the percutaneous penetration of paeoniflorin, whereas the interaction mechanism remains to be explored. The UPLC-MS/MS method established in this study is easy to operate and has good precision. It is suitable for in vivo study of pharmacokinetic behavior and brain tissue distribution of paeoniflorin and strychnine after percutaneous administration in rats, which provides reference for the safe and rational clinical use of strychnine and the combined use of drugs, and lays a solid foundation for the development of external preparations containing Strychni Semen.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Animals , Brain , Bridged-Ring Compounds/pharmacology , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Glucosides , Monoterpenes , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Strychnine , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Tissue Distribution
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927879

ABSTRACT

The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is higher in pregnancy than in non-pregnancy,and obesity is a major risk factor.OSA in pregnancy can lead to multiple organ dysfunction and is associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy,gestational diabetes mellitus,premature birth,and fetal growth restriction. Therefore,early screening and diagnosis are essential for the prevention and treatment of OSA in pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Diabetes, Gestational , Female , Humans , Obesity , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Premature Birth , Risk Factors , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the rate and correlates of receiving human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners among men who have sex with men(MSM) aged 50 and above. Methods With a geosocial networking application,we recruited participants through online convenience sampling to collect the demographic variables,behavioral information,receiving HIV serostatus disclosure,etc.Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to interpret the associated factors of receiving HIV serostatus disclosure. Results Overall,38.4%(398/1037) of participants received HIV serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners.The multivariable analysis demonstrated that the following populations were less likely to receive HIV serostatus disclosure from their most recent male sexual partners:participants with junior high school degree or below(OR=0.660,95%CI=0.473-0.922, P=0.015) compared to those with senior high school degree or above;participants unemployed(OR=0.537,95%CI=0.322-0.896, P=0.017) and employed(OR=0.663,95%CI=0.466-0.944, P=0.022) compared to those retired;participants without knowledge about HIV or acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) compared to those with knowledge about HIV/AIDS(OR=0.636,95%CI=0.466-0.868, P=0.004);participants having ≥2 male sexual partners in the last year(OR=0.433,95%CI=0.320-0.586, P<0.001) compared to those having none or one male sexual partner;participants never been tested for HIV(OR=0.544,95%CI=0.403-0.734, P<0.001) compared to those ever been tested for HIV;participants ever been diagnosed to have sexually transmitted infection(STI)(OR=0.472,95%CI=0.349-0.637, P<0.001) compared to those never diagnosed to have STI;and participants with higher level of HIV stigma(OR=0.742,95%CI=0.604-0.912, P=0.005). Conclusions Our findings indicated that the MSM aged 50 and above had low possibility of receiving HIV serostatus disclosure from the most recent male sexual partners.Education,employment status,number of sexual partners,HIV/AIDS-related knowledge,HIV testing behaviors,STI infection history,and HIV stigma contributed to this result.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Disclosure , Female , HIV , HIV Infections , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Sexual Behavior , Sexual Partners , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the vitamin D receptor gene ( VDR) with circulating lipids considering gender differences.@*METHODS@#Of the Han Chinese adults recruited from a health examination center for inclusion in the study, the circulating lipids, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other parameters were measured. The VDR SNPs of Cdx2 (rs11568820), Fok1 (rs2228570), Apa1 (rs7975232), and Taq1 (rs731236) were genotyped with a qPCR test using blood DNA samples, and their associations with lipids were analyzed using logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#In the female participants ( n = 236 with dyslipidemia and 888 without dyslipidemia), multiple genotype models of Fok1 indicated a positive correlation of B (not A) alleles with LDLC level ( P < 0.05). In the male participants ( n = 299 with dyslipidemia and 564 without dyslipidemia), the recessive model of Cdx2 and the additive and recessive models of Fok1 differed ( P < 0.05) between the HDLC-classified subgroups, respectively, and Fok1 BB and Cdx2 TT presented interactions with 25OHD in the negative associations with HDLC ( P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the Chinese Han adults included in the study, the Fok1 B-allele of VDR was associated with higher LDLC in females, and the Fok1 B-allele and the Cdx2 T-allele of VDR were associated with lower HDLC in males. The interaction of VD and Fok1 BB or Cdx2 TT in males synergistically decreased HDLC levels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Asians/genetics , China/ethnology , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Lipids/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Sex Factors , Vitamin D/blood
9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2020-2026, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942654

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir on portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Methods A total of 356 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis who attended and were hospitalized in The Third People's Hospital of Kunming from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020 were enrolled and randomly divided into combination group with 191 patients and control group with 165 patients. The patients in the combination group received Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir, and those in the control group received entecavir alone. The course of treatment was at least 24 weeks. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the cumulative incidence rate of PVT in both groups, and the log-rank test was used for comparison between two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards regression model analyses were used to investigate the influencing factors for PVT in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Results The 191 patients in the combination group were followed up for 296.25 person-years in total, with a mean follow-up time of 1.55±0.65 years, and there were 8 patients with PVT, with an incidence rate of 4.19% and an incidence density of 1.41 per ten-thousand person-years. The 165 patients in the control group were followed up for 253.25 person-years in total, with a mean follow-up time of 1.53±0.67 years, and there were 20 patients with PVT, with an incidence rate of 12.12% and an incidence density of 4.79 per ten-thousand person-years. There was a significant difference in the incidence rate of PVT between the two groups ( χ 2 =7.687, P =0.006). The cumulative incidence rate of PVT plotted by the Kaplan-Meier method showed that the combination group had a significantly lower cumulative incidence rate of PVT than the control group ( χ 2 =7.226, P =0.007), with a relative risk of 3.155 (95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.351-7.370). The univariate Cox analysis showed that hypertension, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (Alb), cholinesterase, estimated glomerular filtration rate, alpha-fetoprotein, D-dimer (D-D), Child-Pugh class, and Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir were influencing factors for PVT (all P < 0.05); the multivariate Cox analysis showed that AST (hazard ratio [ HR ]=1.002, 95% CI : 1.000-1.004, P =0.025), and D-D ( HR =1.907, 95% CI : 1.554-2.338, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for PVT in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis, while Alb ( HR =0.844, 95% CI : 0.755-0.944, P =0.003) and Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir ( HR =0.350, 95% CI : 0.144-0.851, P =0.021) were independent protective factors against PVT in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis. Conclusion Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir can significantly reduce the incidence rate of PVT in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis, thereby exerting a certain preventive effect against PVT.

10.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2005-2009, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942651

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the degree of liver injury and liver fibrosis in patients in the immune-tolerant phase of chronic HBV infection, and to provide a basis for judging the condition of patients in the immune-tolerant phase. Methods A total of 300 patients with HBV DNA ≥10 7 IU/mL, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤40 U/L, and complete data who were treated in The Third People's Hospital of Kunming from January 2015 to December 2019 were enrolled as subjects, and related data were collected, including age, sex, duration of HBV infection, blood biochemistry, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) level, and HBV DNA. Liver pathological examination was performed for all patients, and the patients were divided into G < 2 and G ≥2 groups according to inflammation grade and S < 2 and S ≥2 groups according to the degree of fibrosis. The t -test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and univariate and multivariate unconditional logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the influencing factors for G ≥2 liver inflammation and S ≥2 liver fibrosis. Results Among the 300 patients, 213 (71%) had G ≥2 liver inflammation and 120 (40%) had S ≥2 liver fibrosis, with a baseline age of 26.06±9.01 years; male patients accounted for 48%, and the duration of infection was 5.62±5.09 years. The univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the G < 2 and G ≥2 groups in ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin (Alb), platelet count (PLT), diameter of the portal vein, and spleen thickness ( t =-26.677, -11.612, 2.149, 5.410, -6.092, and -2.911, all P < 0.05), and there were significant differences between the S < 2 and S ≥2 groups in duration of infection, ALT, ALP, Alb, HBV DNA, PLT, diameter of the portal vein, and spleen thickness ( t =-6.320, -6.694, -7.880, 2.349, 4.552, 19.160, -5.782, and -5.622, all P < 0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that ALT (odds ratio [ OR ]=10.270, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 2.212-47.672, P =0.003) and ALP ( OR =1.097, 95% CI : 1.013-1.188, P =0.023) were independent risk factors for G ≥2 liver inflammation in patients in the immune-tolerant phase, and ALP ( OR =1.034, 95% CI : 1.015-1.054, P < 0.001), PLT ( OR =0.913, 95% CI : 0.886-0.938, P < 0.001), HBV DNA ( OR =0.198, 95% CI : 0.062-0.636, P =0.007), and duration of infection ( OR =1.176, 95% CI : 1.033-1.340, P =0.015) were independent influencing factors for S ≥2 liver fibrosis in patients in the immune-tolerant phase. Conclusion Most patients in the immune-tolerant phase have significant liver histological changes. ALT and ALP are the influencing factors for significant liver inflammation, and ALP, HBV-DNA, PLT, and infection time are the influencing factors for significant liver fibrosis in patients in the immune-tolerant phase.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940738

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the spatial distribution characteristics of medicinal plant resources in Gansu province, analyze the causes, changing trends, and driving factors of the spatial differentiation, and thus lay a scientific basis for the rational development and sustainable development of medicinal plant resources in this province. MethodBased on the data of The Fourth National Survey of Chinese Medicine Resources, the richness and spatial distribution difference of medicinal plant resources in 87 counties (districts) of Gansu province were analyzed via the global spatial autocorrelation analysis, trend surface analysis, local spatial autocorrelation analysis, and hotspot analysis. Moreover, the correlation of vegetation type, soil texture, annual average temperature, annual average precipitation, and altitude with the spatial distribution pattern of the medicinal plant resources was discussed. ResultCounties (districts) with high or low richness of medicinal plant resources in Gansu province were respectively clustered together. To be specific, counties (districts) with high richness of the medicinal resources were mainly in southeastern Gansu, while those with low richness in northwestern Gansu. The leading driving factors affecting the cold and hot spots included vegetation type, soil texture, and average annual rainfall. ConclusionThe species richness of medicinal plant resources in Gansu province rises from west to east and from north to south. The natural driving factors are the key to the diversity and spatial distribution pattern of medicinal plant resources, which show significant influence on them.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940716

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which owns abundant chemical components and complex action pathways, has been widely recognized in the prevention and treatment of diseases. Some analysis methods have been emerged in order to ensure the quality of TCM and to develop new TCM drugs. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) is a soft ionization mass spectrometric technique with the advantages of high throughput, high sensitivity, low cost and so on. It provides technical support for the molecular level study on TCM. At present, this technique has been used in the field of composition analysis and metabonomics research of TCM, and plays an important role in the identification of Chinese herbal medicines, real-time molecular screening and the construction of metabolic network pathway of active ingredients. Among them, the selection of appropriate matrix and sample preparation technology is the key to ensure the detection effect of MALDI-MS. With the development and optimization of new matrix, the continuous improvement of sample preparation technology and the combination of MALDI-MS with various analytical methods will greatly improve the detection effect. Based on this, this paper discusses the application of MALDI-MS in TCM, including high-throughput detection of active ingredients in TCM, monitoring of the original medicines and their metabolites in vivo, and in situ visualization and characterization of tissue distribution information of active ingredients in TCM. It also discusses the application prospect and existing problems of MALDI-MS in TCM, so as to provide technical support for the identification of active ingredients in TCM, drug utilization and metabolism.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940630

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Ganshuang granule on liver fibrosis (S1 and S2) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) with liver depression spleen deficiency and blood stasis syndrome. MethodA total of 100 patients were classified into the control group (50 in total with 4 lost and 2 rejected, 44 finally included) and observation group (50 in total with 5 lost and 2 rejected, 43 finally included) with the random number table method. Both groups were given oral entecavir tablets (0.5 mg/time, once a day, 12 months), and oral glutathione tablets was applied depending on the conditions of patients. In addition, the control group took the analog drug of Ganshuang granule (3 g/time, 3 times/day, 12 months) and the observation group received Ganshuang granules (3 g/time, 3 times/day, 12 months), followed by histological examination of the liver by puncture biopsy. The two groups were compared in terms of inflammatory activity grade and fibrosis stage, as well as liver stiffness measure (LSM), liver function, hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA, liver depression and spleen deficiency syndrome score, aspartate aminotransferase (AST)-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and fibrosis index based on the four factors (FIB-4). ResultAfter treatment, liver fibrosis in the observation group was milder than that in the control group (P<0.05) and the inflammatory activity grade in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The effective rate in down-regulating inflammatory activity grade in the observation group was 77.78% as compared with the 45.83% in the control group (χ2=5.546, P<0.05). The effective rate in decreasing the fibrosis stage in the observation group was 59.26%, which was higher than that (16.67%) in the control group (χ2=9.669, P<0.01). The LSM and score of the liver stagnation and spleen deficiency syndrome in the observation group were lower than those in the control group at the 6th months and 12th months of treatment (P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), AST, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The APRI and FIB-4 in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). ConclusionThe Ganshuang granule combined with entecavir can alleviate inflammation and liver fibrosis, delay and reverse liver fibrosis, protect liver, and improve the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome of liver fibrosis (S1 and S2) in CHB, which is worth of clinical use and further research.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1156-1160, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940071

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the exposure to second hand smoking (SHS) and associated factors among middle school students in Beijing, and to provide data support for tobacco control.@*Methods@#The two stage stratified cluster random sampling method were used to select 10 532 students from 370 classes in 48 junior middle schools, 34 senior high schools and 14 vocational high schools in 16 districts of Beijing. The national unified paper questionnaire was used to collect the information.@*Results@#During the past 7 days, 71.5% (95% CI =70.2%-72.7%) of students reported exposure to SHS. The proportion of exposure was highest (60.3%) in outdoor public places, followed by indoor public places (48.9%), at home (34.1%), and public transport (19.1%). About 31.6% of students reported people smoking in the campus in the past 30 days. Risk factors of SHS exposure included one or more parents was smoker( OR =2.62), friends who smoked( OR =2.13), received education on tobacco hazards in school( OR = 0.74 ), and senior high school( OR =0.68-0.73)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#High exposure to second hand smoking among middle school students in Beijing is common. Implementation of the regulations and the publicity of tobacco hazards and tobacco control in schools should be strengthened. Smoke free household should be advocated, and middle school students, especially junior middle school students, should be protected from the harm of SHS.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the age distribution of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis and the correlation and consistency between thromboelastography (TEG) and four parameters of coagulation.@*METHODS@#The age distribution of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction treated in Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Minzu University from January 2020 to December 2021 and their TEG, four items of routin coagulation and platelet count were analyzed retrospectively. The correlation and consistency of above-mentioned two detection methods were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The onset age of 298 Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction was mainly 61-70 years old, accounting for 38.3%, followed by 51-60 years old, accounting for 26.8%. The R time detected by TEG was linearly correlated with PT and APTT(r=0.186,r=0.152). K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Fib (r=-0.364,r=0.616,r=0.359), K value, MA value and α-Angle measured by TEG was linearly correlated with Plt (r=0.318,r=0.519,r=0.301). The R time detected by TEG was consistent with PT and APTT, and the Kappa values were 0.252 (P<0.001), 0.336 (P<0.001). K, MA, and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Fib, the Kappa values were 0.265 (P<0.001), 0.289 (P<0.001) and 0.290 (P<0.001), respectively; K、MA and α-Angle measured by TEG was consistent with Plt, the Kappa values were 0.276 (P<0.001), 0.285 (P<0.001) and 0.302 (P<0.001), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The onset age of Mongolian patients with cerebral infarction caused by thrombosis is mainly 61-70 years old, followed by 51-60 years old. The onset age shows a younger trend. There is a significant correlation between TEG and coagulation, but the consistency is weak, therefore, the two methods can not be replaced each other.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Cerebral Infarction , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Thrombelastography/methods , Thrombosis
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of gene mutation in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its effect on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratorial characteristics of 54 AML patients (≥60 years old) in Department of Hematology, Tangdu Hospital were analyzed retrospectively during April 2016 to October 2019. Thirty-four AML/myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm related mutant genes were detected by second-generation sequencing technology, and their clinical characteristics, treatment effect, and influence on prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients received DAC+CAG induction treatment, after 1-2 couses of treatment, 36 cases (66.7%) achieved complete response, with a total effective rate of 75.9%, and the median survival time was 17 months. The most frequent mutant genes were TET2 (33.3%), CEBPA (31.5%), DNMT3A (18.5%), ASXL1 (16.7%), NRAS (14.8%), RUNX1 (14.8%), FLT3-ITD (12.9%), TP53 (12.9%), NPM1 (12.9%), and IDH2 (12.9%). Among 7 patients with TP53 mutation, 6 cases obtained complete response after 1-2 courses of induction treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference in the effect on prognosis. Patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations had shorter overall survival time compared with who had no mutation (P=0.47, P=0.48). Multivariate analysis showed that FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations were poor prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of TET2 gene mutation is high in elderly AML patients. AML patients with TET2 and TP53 mutations may benefit from Decitabine-based chemotherapy. However, patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations have a short survival time, and may have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Middle Aged , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hnRNPK/Beclin1 signaling on the drug resistance of imatinib in Ph+ leukemia.@*METHODS@#Expression level of hnRNPK was verified in the imatinib resistant and sensitive Ph+ leukemia cell lines by using Western blot. hnRNPK expression was down-regulated by using RNAi. Expression level of LC3I/II and Beclin1 were detected by Western blot and the sensitivity of imatinib was analyzed by CCK-8 assay before and after modulation of hnRNPK expression.@*RESULTS@#hnRNPK showed overexpressed in imatinib resistant leukemia cell line. After the expression level of hnRNPK was down-regulated by RNAi, the sensitivity of drug resistance lines to imatinib restored, while the expression level of LC3I/II and Beclin1 were consistant with the modulation of hnRNPK expression.@*CONCLUSION@#hnRNP K/Beclin1 signaling may be involved in the development of imatinib resistance in Ph+ leukemia through the regulation of autophagy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Beclin-1 , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein K , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , Leukemia
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the real-world efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) tablets in the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic HCV infection. Methods: An open-label, single-center, prospective clinical study was conducted in a county in northern China. A total of 299 cases were enrolled. Of these, 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C and 73 cases with compensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL for 12 weeks. 65 cases with decompensated cirrhosis received SOF/VEL combined with ribavirin for 12 weeks (22 cases) or SOF/VEL for 24 weeks (43 cases). Virological indicators, liver and renal function indexes, and liver stiffness measurement were detected at baseline, the fourth week of treatment, the end of treatment, and the 12-weeks of follow-up. Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities were observed during the course of treatment . The primary endpoint was undetectable rate of HCV RNA (SVR12) at 12 weeks of follow-up with the use of modified intention-to-treat (mITT) approach. Measurement data between two groups were compared using t-test. One Way ANOVA was used for comparison between multiple groups. Enumeration data were analyzed by chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: 291 cases had completed treatment. HCV RNA was undetectable after 12 weeks of follow-up, and the SVR12 rate was 97.3% (95% confidence interval: 95.4%-99.3%). Among them, 97.4% of genotype 1b, 96.4% of genotype 2a, and 100% of those with undetected genotype achieved SVR12. The SVR12 rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C, compensated and decompensated liver cirrhosis were 98.1%, 98.6% and 93.8%, respectively. An improvement in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and other liver biochemical indicators accompanied with virological clearance and reduced liver stiffness measurement was observed in patients with compensated cirrhosis, with statistically significant difference. There was no significant abnormality in renal function before and after treatment. The most common adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, epigastric discomfort and mild diarrhea. The overall adverse reactions were mild. One patient died of decompensated liver cirrhosis combined with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which was unrelated to antiviral treatment. Four patients discontinued treatment prematurely due to adverse events. Relapse was occurred in four cases, and drug-resistance related mutations were detected in three cases. Conclusion: Sofosbuvir and velpatasvir tablets in Chinese HCV-infected patients with different genotypes, different clinical stages or previously treated with pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin resulted in higher SVR12, indicating that the treatment safety profile is good.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carbamates , Drug Therapy, Combination , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Prospective Studies , RNA , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Sofosbuvir/adverse effects , Sustained Virologic Response , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 317-322, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935694

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To summarize the clinical phenotypes and the variation spectrum of ATP7B gene in Chinese children with Wilson's disease (WD) and to investigate their significance for early diagnosis. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 316 children diagnosed as WD in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center during the period from January 2010 to June 2021. The general situations, clinical manifestations, lab test results, imaging examinations, and ATP7B gene variant characteristics were collected. The patients were divided into asymptomatic WD group and symptomatic WD group based on the presence or absence of clinical symptoms at the time that WD diagnosis was made. The χ2 test, t test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences between groups. Results: Among the 316 children with WD, 199 were males and 117 were females, with the age of 5.4 (4.0, 7.6) years at diagnosis; 261 cases (82.6%) were asymptomatic with the age of 4.9 (3.9, 6.4) years; whereas 55 cases (17.4%) were symptomatic with the age of 9.6 (7.3, 12.0) years. The main symptoms invloved liver, kidney, nervous system, or skin damage. Of all the patients, 95.9% (303/316) had abnormal liver function at diagnosis; 98.1% (310/316) had the serum ceruloplasmin lever lower than 200 mg/L; 97.7% (302/309) had 24-hour urine copper content exceeding 40 μg; only 7.4% (23/310) had positive corneal K-F rings, 8.2% (23/281) had abnormal MRI signals in the lenticular nucleus, and all of them had symptoms of damage in liver, kidney or nervous system. Compared with the group of symptomatic WD, asymptomatic group had higher levels of serum alanine aminotransferase and lower levels ceruloplasmin and 24-hour urine copper [(208±137) vs. (72±78) U/L, (55±47) vs. (69±48) mg/L, 103 (72, 153) vs. 492 (230, 1 432) μg; t=9.98, -1.98, Z=-4.89, all P<0.001]. Among the 314 patients completing genetic sequencing, a total of 107 mutations in ATP7B gene were detected, of which 10 are novel variants, and 3 cases (1.0%) had large heterozygous deletion (exons 10 to exon 11) in ATP7B gene. The percentage of missense mutation in asymptomatic WD children was significantly higher than that in symptomatic WD (81.5% (422/518) vs. 69.1% (76/110), χ²=8.47, P<0.05). WD patients carrying homozygous variant of c.2 333G>T had significantly low levels of ceruloplasmin than those not carrying this variant ((23±5) vs. (61±48) mg/L, t=-2.34, P<0.001). Conclusions: The elevation of serum ALT is an important clue for early diagnosis of WD in children, while serum ceruloplasmin and 24-hour urine copper content are specific markers for early diagnosis of WD. In order to confirm the diagnosis of WD, it is necessary to combine the Sanger sequencing with multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification or other testing technologies.


Subject(s)
Ceruloplasmin/metabolism , Child , Child, Preschool , Copper/metabolism , Copper-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Female , Hepatolenticular Degeneration/genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935306

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the causes of a foodborne outbreak in rural areas of Xinjiang between April 2 and April 5 in 2016. Methods: Cases and the relevant background information were obtained by consulting outpatient records of local health centers and regional people's hospitals and interviewing doctors and residents. All samples were collected by the laboratory test through epidemiological and food hygiene investigations. The χ2 test (Fisher's exact probability method) was used to compare differences in incidence rates. Molecular typing, virulence genes and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPS) were analyzed by using Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) and Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS). Results: A total of 142 cases were found in this study, with incidence rate at 5.7‰ (142/24 979). Among all cases, the main symptoms were nausea (94%), vomiting (92%) and abdominal pain (67%), and the incubation period was about 2 h (1-7.5 h). There were 16 Staphylococcus aureus isolates identified and all of them could produce A+C+E mixed enterotoxin. PFGE showed 100% homology. WGS further revealed that there were 9 and 1 strains contained by Sequence Type 1 (ST1) and ST5405, respectively. All ST1 strains were in the same clade on the genome tree. Among these, 7 strains shared close proximity (74 SNPs) and 2 strains shared close relationships as well (127 SNPs). The S. aureus isolates that caused the outbreak were introduced by a mutant isolate from the milk supply station. Conclusions: This foodborne outbreak was mainly caused by Staphylococcus aureus contamination.


Subject(s)
Disease Outbreaks , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL