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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the non suicidal self injury(NSSI) behavior among Mongolian college students and its relations with depression and anxiety, and to provide reference for mental health prevention and intervention.@*Methods@#In April 2019, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 8 422 Mongolian college students from 5 colleges and universities in Hohhot. NSSI, depression and anxiety were collected.@*Results@#The proportion of NSSI, anxiety and depressive symptoms among Mongolian college students were 22.94%, 11.11%, and 28.57%, respectively. Male, non medical major, introverted personality, and family disharmony were associated with higher detection rates of NSSI ( χ 2=9.20, 100.14, 60.71, 53.05, P <0.01). The detection rate of anxiety among students in the fourth grade, non medical majors, introverted personality, and disharmonious family was significantly higher compared to peers ( χ 2=28.45, 92.88, 60.22, 66.10, P <0.01). The detection rate of depression among students in the fourth grade, non medical major, introverted personality, and discordant parental relationships was higher ( χ 2=57.06, 58.45 , 108.88, 136.30, P <0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that depression ( OR =1.47, 95% CI =1.31-1.67), anxiety ( OR =2.83, 95% CI =2.45-3.29) were positively correlated with the risk of NSSI ( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Non suicidal self injury behavior, depression and anxiety in Mongolian college students is high, and there are significant positive correlations between NSSI with depression and anxiety. Mental health education and intervention among college Mongolian students should be paid colse attention.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 719-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877137

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate parent-child conflict among primary and secondary school students and their parents, and to promote family harmony and mental health of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.@*Methods@#An anonymous online survey was completed by 12 711 parents of primary and middle school students during mid-March, 2020. Emotional translation, coping style, parent-child conflict were collected and analyzed by grade.@*Results@#The incidence of parent-child conflict was emotional opposition (62.3%), verbal conflict (52.6%) and physical conflict (20.5%), respectively. About 38.1% of parents and 23.6% of students experienced negative emotions, such as anxiety and anger, and the students used coping styles that were more uniform than those of their parents. About 77.9% of families reported that they experienced different levels of parent-child conflict, which was mainly caused by child learning difficulties(45.6%), daily arrangements(22.1%), and the use of electronic devices(10.2%); compared with the previous year, about 31.4% of families reported an increase in the frequency of parent-child conflicts in the last month.@*Conclusion@#Parent-child conflict is highly prevalent in the families of primary and middle school students, and such conflicts were affected by stress-related factors, which included COVID-19. It s necessary to improve the provision of relevant mental health education and psychological assistance.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876715

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of Oncomelania hupensis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, so as to provide insights into the assessment of the risk of schistosomiasis transmission and the scientific formulation of the schistosomiasis surveillance strategy. Methods From 2015 to 2019, a total of 19 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, including 4 fixed sites and 15 mobile sites. Snail survey was performed by means of systematic sampling in combination with environmental sampling, and the infection of Schistosoma japonicum was detected by the crushing method combined with loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. Results From 2015 to 2019, snail habitats were detected at areas of 17 040 to 39 527 m2, including 6 214 m2 emerging snail habitats and 16 563 m2 re-emerging snail habitats. The overall mean density of living snails was 0.019 2 snails/0.1 m2 and the occurrence of frames with snails was 1.11% in the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites; however, no S. japonicum infection was identified in snails. The area of snail habitats increased by 121.46% in the national surveillance sites in 2019 as compared to that in 2015; however, 50.34% (Z = −0.422, P > 0.05) and 42.85% (χ2 = 130.41, P < 0.01) reductions were seen in the overall means density of living snails and the occurrence of frames with snails. All snail habitats were distributed in the 4 fixed surveillance sites, and were mainly found in ditches, paddy fields and dry lands, with weeds as the primary vegetation type. Conclusions There are still risk factors leading to re-emergent transmission of schistosomiasis in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, such as local snail spread, and the monitoring of schistosomiasis remains to be reinforced to further consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination in the region.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921329

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the association of visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shanghai community residents.@*Methods@#We used data from a cohort study of community residents who participated in three examinations in 2008, 2009, and 2013, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, blood pressure (BP), and lipid levels were determined in 2,109 participants at all three visits, and CKD was evaluated between the second and the third visits. Visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were described by coefficients of variation (CV) at three visits. A variability score was calculated by adding the numbers of metabolic factors with a high variability defined as the highest quartile of CV. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m @*Results@#A total of 200 (9.5%) participants had CKD at the third visit. Compared with the lowest quartile of CV, the highest quartile was associated with a 70% increased risk of CKD for FPG [odds ratio, @*Conclusion@#The visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were significantly associated with the risks of CKD in Shanghai community residents.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919300

ABSTRACT

Human sparganosis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the plerocercoids of Spirometra species. Clinical diagnosis of sparganosis is crucial for effective treatment, thus it is important to identify sensitive and specific antigens of plerocercoids. The aim of the current study was to identify and characterize the immunogenic proteins of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei plerocercoids that were recognized by patient sera. Crude soluble extract of the plerocercoids were separated using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with immunoblot and mass spectrometry analysis. Based on immunoblotting patterns and mass spectrometry results, 8 antigenic proteins were identified from the plerocercoid. Among the proteins, cysteine protease protein might be developed as an antigen for diagnosis of sparganosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of different proximal femoral shapes on leg length discrepancy(LLD) after total hip arthroplasty(THA).@*METHODS@#Total 131 patients with osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis received unilateral biological total hip arthroplasty from June 2013 to June 2019. All patients' age, sex, side and pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography were retraspectively analyzed. There were 69 males and 62 females, 57 cases of left hip and 74 cases of right hip. The age ranges from 25 to 89 with an average age of 62 years. There were 48 cases of osteoarthritis and 83 cases of osteonecrosis. In this study, femoral cortical index (FCI) was used as the classification of proximal femoral shape, and bilateral lower limb length differences were measured by preoperative and postoperative pelvis anteroposterior digital radiography. Grouping according to FCI:> 0.6 was Dorr A group, 0.5 to 0.6 was Dorr B group, 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 6.30 mm (IQR 1.00 to 10.95 mm). When FCI was 0.5 to 0.6, the postoperative LLD was 5.85 mm(IQR-0.55 to 8.90 mm). FCI<0.5, the postoperative LLD was 1.95 mm(IQR -2.50 to 6.68 mm). LLD comparison of different proximal femoral shape was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#High FCI increases the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affectedside, while low FCI reduces the risk of lower extremity prolongation after surgery on the affected side. The surgeon can assess the shape of the proximal femur of the patient preoperatively and inform the patient in advance of possible changes in leg length of both lower extremities after total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Leg , Leg Length Inequality/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1593-1601, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887574

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Non-communicable chronic diseases have become the leading causes of disease burden worldwide. The trends and burden of "metabolic associated fatty liver disease" (MAFLD) are unknown. We aimed to investigate the cardiovascular and renal burdens in adults with MAFLD and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).@*METHODS@#Nationally representative data were analyzed including data from 19,617 non-pregnant adults aged ≥20 years from the cross-sectional US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey periods, 1999 to 2002, 2003 to 2006, 2007 to 2010, and 2011 to 2016. MAFLD was defined by the presence of hepatic steatosis plus general overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, or evidence of metabolic dysregulation.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of MAFLD increased from 28.4% (95% confidence interval 26.3-30.6) in 1999 to 2002 to 35.8% (33.8-37.9) in 2011 to 2016. In 2011 to 2016, among adults with MAFLD, 49.0% (45.8-52.2) had hypertension, 57.8% (55.2-60.4) had dyslipidemia, 26.4% (23.9-28.9) had diabetes mellitus, 88.7% (87.0-80.1) had central obesity, and 18.5% (16.3-20.8) were current smokers. The 10-year cardiovascular risk ranged from 10.5% to 13.1%; 19.7% (17.6-21.9) had chronic kidney diseases (CKDs). Through the four periods, adults with MAFLD showed an increase in obesity; increase in treatment to lower blood pressure (BP), lipids, and hemoglobin A1c; and increase in goal achievements for BP and lipids but not in goal achievement for glycemic control in diabetes mellitus. Patients showed a decreasing 10-year cardiovascular risk over time but no change in the prevalence of CKDs, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Generally, although participants with NAFLD and those with MAFLD had a comparable prevalence of cardiovascular disease and CKD, the prevalence of MAFLD was significantly higher than that of NAFLD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#From 1999 to 2016, cardiovascular and renal risks and diseases have become highly prevalent in adults with MAFLD. The absolute cardiorenal burden may be greater for MAFLD than for NAFLD. These data call for early identification and risk stratification of MAFLD and close collaboration between endocrinologists and hepatologists.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of direct and indirect carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs).Methods:Patients with CCF treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2010 to August 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. Relevant clinical data were collected, including the main clinical manifestations, neuroimaging features, and treatment methods. The clinical features of direct and indirect CCFs were compared.Results:A total of 31 patients were enrolled in the study, 29 (93.5%) had ocular symptoms, of which conjunctival hyperemia and edema ( n=24, 77.4%), exophthalmos ( n=19, 61.3%) and orbital murmur ( n=18, 58.1%) were most common. There were 23 patients (74.2%) in direct CCF group and 8 (25.8%) in indirect CCF group. The former had more history of head trauma (78.2% vs. 12.5%; P=0.002), more flow volume (high-flow CCFs: 100% vs. 37.5%; P<0.001) and more likely to cause orbital murmur (69.6% vs. 25.0%; P=0.043). Endovascular embolization was safe and effective. The common methods of endovascular embolization were EVAL glue combined with coil embolization ( n=18, 66.7%) and detachable balloon embolization alone ( n=6, 22.2%). Conclusion:Ocular manifestations are most prominent in patients with CCFs. Direct CCF is more common, usually with a history of head trauma, and the clinical and imaging features are more typical. Interventional embolization is the preferred treatment option for patients with CCF.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 313-329, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880974

ABSTRACT

The medical fungus Hirsutella sinensis has been used as a Chinese folk health supplement because of its immunomodulatory properties. Our previous studies established the antifibrotic action of Hirsutella sinensis mycelium (HSM) in the lung. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The present study investigates the role of HSM in mediating EMT during the development of pulmonary fibrosis. HSM significantly inhibits bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis by blocking the EMT. In addition, the expression levels of midkine are increased in the lungs of the BLM-induced group. Further analysis of the results indicates that the mRNA level of midkine correlated positively with EMT. HSM markedly abrogates the transforming growth factor β-induced EMT-like phenotype and behavior in vitro. The activation of midkine related signaling pathway is ameliorated following HSM treatment, whereas this extract also caused an effective attenuation of the induction of EMT (caused by midkine overexpression) in vitro. Results further confirm that oral medication of HSM disrupted the midkine pathway in vivo. Overall, findings suggest that the midkine pathway and the regulation of the EMT may be considered novel candidate therapeutic targets for the antifibrotic effects caused by HSM.


Subject(s)
Bleomycin , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , Midkine , Mycelium , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the classification of twin reversed arterial perfusion(TRAP) by prenatal ultrasound diagnosis, and to explore the clinical significance of this classification method.Methods:One hundred and fourteen TRAP cases were selected for prenatal ultrasound examination from January 2001 to January 2020 in Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, and were studied following the classification: hemiacardius(type Ⅰ), anceps trunk(type Ⅱ), acephalus trunk(type Ⅲ), acephalus acormus(type Ⅳ), acardius amorphous(type Ⅴ). Natural pregnancy outcomes were analyzed between group A(type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ, type Ⅲ) and group B(type Ⅳ, type Ⅴ).Results:Among 114 cases of TRAP, 27 cases (23.7%) were live birth, 33 cases (29.0%) were intrauterine death, 7 cases (6.1%) were perinatal death, 22 cases (19.3%) were induced labor complicated with heart failure, 4 cases (3.5%) were induced labor with malformation of pump twin, 21 cases (18.4%) were induced without heart failure of pump twim. Among 114 cases of TRAP, 20 cases (17.5%) were type Ⅰ, 27 cases (23.7%) were type Ⅱ, 48 cases (42.1%) were type Ⅲ, 8 cases (7.0%) were type Ⅳ and 11 cases (9.7%) were type Ⅴ. The prognosis of group B was better than group A during natural pregnancy ( P=0.007). Conclusions:Based on the diagnosis of prenatal ultrasound, the prognosis of type Ⅳ and type Ⅴ TRAP is better than that of type Ⅰ, type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ. The classification by prenatal ultrasound has positive significance for the clinical prognosis of pump twin.

13.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 36, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284979

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To investigate the diagnostic performance of single-source dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) based on gemstone spectral imaging technology (including Discovery CT750HD and Revolution CT) in patients with suspected feet/ankles gouty arthritis, and evaluate the urate deposition with a novel semi-quantitative DECT scoring system. Methods: A total of 196 patients were consecutively included. Feet and ankles were evaluated in all patients by single-source DECT scan. The 2015 EULAR/ACR criteria were used as the reference for the diagnosis of gout. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of DECT for the diagnosis of gout in the early (≤1 year), middle (1-3 years), and late (> 3 years) disease durations were calculated. Besides, a novel semi-quantitative DECT scoring system was assessed for the measurement of urate deposition, and the correlation between the scores and the clinical and serological data were also evaluated. Moreover, the influences of artifacts on the diagnostic performance of DECT were also determined. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of DECT in 196 patients were 38.10, 96.43%, and 0.673 in the early-stage group; 62.96, 100.00%, and 0.815 in the middle-stage group; and 77.55, 87.50%, and 0.825 in the late-stage group, respectively. The overall diagnostic accuracies in the AUC of DECT (Discovery CT750HD and Revolution CT) in the middle and late stages of gout were higher than that in the early stage of gout. Besides, the monosodium urate crystals were deposited on the first metatarsophalangeal joints and ankles/midfeet. Age, the presence of tophus, bone erosion, and disease duration considerably affected the total urate score. No statistical difference in the positive detection of nail artifact, skin artifact, vascular calcification, and noise artifact was found between the case and control groups. Conclusion: DECT (Discovery CT750HD and Revolution CT) showed promising diagnostic accuracy for the detection of urate crystal deposition in gout but had limited diagnostic sensitivity for short-stage gout. Longer disease duration, the presence of tophus, and bone erosion were associated with the urate crystal score system. The artifacts do not remarkably affect the diagnostic performance of DECT in gout.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2665-2673, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837526

ABSTRACT

In this study, the effect of benzo[α]pyrene (BaP) on chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) in a simulated hypoxia environment was observed and the relationship to heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) was clarified. With HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin (GA) and HSP90α silenced, the mRNA and protein expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), HSP90, heat shock cognate protein 70 (HSC70), and lysosomal associated protein 2A (LAMP-2A) of A549 cells on hypoxic environment by BaP were tested. Alkaline comet experiment, immunofluorescence γ-H2AX focus experiment, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), and Western blot analyses were used to clarify the relationship between the DNA damage of different concentrations of BaP in A549 cells and the mRNA and protein expression of CMA-related factors. The results show that hypoxia can promote the expression of mRNA and protein of CMA-related factors in A549 cells. This study found that BaP has an inhibitory effect on CMA under the hypoxic environment. The inhibition or silencing of HSP90 will enhance the inhibitory effect of BaP on CMA. In a normoxic environment, BaP causes DNA damage and promotes CMA.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 391-398, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827049

ABSTRACT

Under physiological conditions, the motility of smooth muscle in digestive tract is mainly regulated by enteric nervous system (ENS). However, how neural signal is transmitted to smooth muscle is not fully understood. Autonomic nerve endings in the smooth muscle layer form large number of varicosities which contain neurotransmitters. It was considered that nerve pulses arriving at the varicosities may cause the release of neurotransmitters, which may diffuse to the smooth muscle cells to induce contractile or relaxant responses. Over the past decade, a new understanding of the neurotransmission between ENS and smooth muscle has emerged, which emphasizes the role of a functional syncytium consisting of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), the platelet-derived growth factor receptor α positive (PDGFRα) cells and the smooth muscle cells. Within the syncytium, purine neurotransmitters bind to P2Y1 receptors on PDGFRα cells, activating small-conductance calcium activated potassium channel (SK3) to hyperpolarize PDGFRα cells, and thus hyperpolarize smooth muscle cells through gap junction, resulting in relaxation of smooth muscle. In this paper, we review the research progress in the field of inhibitory purinergic neurotransmission in the gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Interstitial Cells of Cajal , Muscle, Smooth , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha , Synaptic Transmission
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824968

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion for dysmenorrhea due to deficiency cold. Methods: A total of 70 patients with dysmenorrhea who met the inclusion criteria were randomized into a mild moxibustion group and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group by the random number table, with 35 cases in each group. Shenque (CV 8), Zhongji (CV 3) and bilateral Zigong (EX-CA 1) were selected for both groups. The treatment continued for 3 menstrual cycles. The visual analog scale (VAS) and COX menstrual symptom scale (CMSS) were scored in both groups before treatment, after treatment and at the end of the 3rd menstrual cycle after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated at the end of the 3rd menstrual cycle after treatment. Results: After treatment, the clinical efficacy of the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group had the tendency to be superior to that of the mild moxibustion group, while there was no statistically significant difference in the overall efficacy between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS and CMSS scores after treatment and at the follow-up were significantly lower than those before treatment in both groups (all P<0.05). At the follow-up, the VAS scores in both groups had no significant intra-group differences from those after treatment (both P>0.05). The CMSS scores in both groups were significantly lower than those after treatment (both P<0.05). The VAS scores at the follow-up of both groups had no statistical differences from those after treatment (both P>0.05). After treatment, the CMSS score in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group was significantly lower than that in the mild moxibustion group (P<0.05). At the follow-up, there were no statistical differences in the CMSS score between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: The herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion has the same therapeutic efficacy for dysmenorrhea as the mild moxibustion; the two moxibustion methods can significantly improve the concomitant symptoms of dysmenorrhea, and the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion is little better.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829022

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Liver fibrosis is an important predictor of mortality in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Peripheral artery disease (PAD) and liver fibrosis share many common metabolic dysfunctions. We aimed to explore the association between PAD and risk of fibrosis deterioration in NAFLD patients.@*Methods@#The study recruited 1,610 NAFLD patients aged ≥ 40 years from a well-defined community at baseline in 2010 and followed up between August 2014 and May 2015. Fibrosis deterioration was defined as the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) status increased to a higher category at the follow-up visit. PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial index of 1.40.@*Results@#During an average of 4.3 years' follow-up, 618 patients progressed to a higher NFS category. PAD was associated with 92% increased risk of fibrosis deterioration [multivariable-adjusted odds ratio ( ): 1.92, 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.24, 2.98]. When stratified by baseline NFS status, the for progression from low to intermediate or high NFS was 1.74 (95% : 1.02, 3.00), and progression from intermediate to high NFS was 2.24 (95% : 1.05, 4.80). There was a significant interaction between PAD and insulin resistance (IR) on fibrosis deterioration ( for interaction = 0.03). As compared with non-PAD and non-IR, the coexistence of PAD and IR was associated with a 3.85-fold (95% : 2.06, 7.18) increased risk of fibrosis deterioration.@*Conclusion@#PAD is associated with an increased risk of fibrosis deterioration in NAFLD patients, especially in those with IR. The coexistence of PAD and IR may impose an interactive effect on the risk of fibrosis deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ankle Brachial Index , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Epidemiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829020

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to explore the protective effect of procyanidin B2 (PCB2) on acute liver injury induced by aflatoxin B (AFB ) in rats.@*Methods@#Forty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, AFB , AFB + PCB2, and PCB2 groups. The latter two groups were administrated PCB2 intragastrically (30 mg/kg body weight) for 7 d, whereas the control and AFB groups were given the same dose of double distilled water intragastrically. On the sixth day of treatment, the AFB and AFB + PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally injected with AFB (2 mg/kg). The control and PCB2 groups were intraperitoneally administered the same dose of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). On the eighth day, all rats were euthanized: serum and liver tissue were isolated for further examination. Hepatic histological features were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Weight, organ coefficient (liver, spleen, and kidney), liver function (serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, and direct bilirubin), oxidative index (catalase, glutathione, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine), inflammation factor [hepatic interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA expression and serum IL-6], and bcl-2/bax ratio were measured.@*Results@#AFB significantly caused hepatic histopathological damage, abnormal liver function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and bcl-2/bax ratio reduction compared with DMSO-treated controls. Our results indicate that PCB2 treatment can partially reverse the adverse liver conditions induced by AFB .@*Conclusion@#Our findings indicate that PCB2 exhibits a protective effect on acute liver injury induced by AFB .


Subject(s)
Aflatoxin B1 , Toxicity , Animals , Biflavonoids , Pharmacology , Catechin , Pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug Therapy , Male , Poisons , Toxicity , Proanthocyanidins , Pharmacology , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of hidden blood loss (HBL) during the treatment of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty from March 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent X rays of the AP and lateral lumbar spine, double oblique, and dynamic positions. Lumbar spine CT, MRI, and dual energy X ray bone densitometer (DXA) were used to confirm the diagnosis. There were 55 males and 70 females, 10 cases of thoracic vertebrae, 89 cases of thoracolumbar vertebrae, 26 cases of lumbar vertebrae, 87 cases with single segment, 29 cases with double segment,and 9 cases with 3 segments. The vertebral compression height ratios of 67 patients were less than 1 / 3, and the ratios for 41 patients were from 1 / 3 to 2 / 3,for 17 patients were more than 2 / 3. Blood routine examination were performed before and 3 days after surgery to analyze hidden blood loss and to explore its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The average hidden blood loss was (317±156) ml in 125 patients. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a history of diabetes(=0.011),surgical segments(=0.036),number of segments (<0.001),vertebral height loss rate (=0.002),vertebral height recovery rate (<0.001) and bone cement leakage rate (=0.003) were positively correlated with hidden blood loss. Moreover,it was found that the blood loss was higher in those with higher vertebral height loss rate than in those with lower vertebral height loss rate, and the blood loss was higher in those with good vertebral height recovery than those with poor vertebral height recovery. Additionally,the cement leakage was also an important factor in increasing hidden blood loss. However,there was no significant correlation between bone mineral density(=0.814) or history of hypertension(=0.055) and hidden blood loss.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with OVCFs have a large amount of hidden blood loss after PVP treatment, which needs attention. At the same time, the history of diabetes, surgical segments, number of segments, bone cement leakage rate, vertebral height loss rate and vertebral height recovery rate are the risk factors for hidden blood loss.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2839-2844, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the method for simultaneous determination of 4 kinds of flavones such as sutellarin, sutellarein, luteolin and apigenin in Scutellaria barbata decoction pieces, and to conduct principle component analysis. METHODS: HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Agilent ZOXDB-C18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-acetonitrile (80 ∶ 20,V/V)-1% acetic acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 335 nm, and column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. Principal component analysis was carried out by SPSS 20.0 and SIMCA-P 13.0 software. RESULTS: The linear ranges of sutellarin, sutellarein, luteolin and apigenin were 0.131-1.446 μg(r=0.999 0), 0.031-0.345 μg(r=0.999 7), 0.005-0.055 μg(r=0.999 2), 0.024-0.268 μg(r=0.999 2), respectively. The limits of quantitation were 1.178 8, 0.602 9, 0.744 1, 1.079 1 ng; the limits of detection were 0.353 6, 0.106 1, 0.223 2, 0.323 7 ng;RSDs of precision, stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2%. The recoveries were 99.38%-100.56%(RSD=0.44%,n=6), 91.01%-96.81%(RSD=2.43%, n=6), 91.44%-97.34%(RSD=2.59%, n=6), 96.21%- 99.26%(RSD=1.23%,n=6), respectively. By principal component analysis, principal component 1 and prinicipal component 2 were main influential factors of sample, quality accumulative variance contribution rate of them was 92.573%(>80%). The comprehensive score of sample S14-3 was the highest, and the overall quality was relatively good; samples S14-2, S14-3 were the second. These 3 batches of sample were processed and produced in S. barbata planting base with stable quality. CONCLUSIONS: Established method is simple and rapid, and can be used for simultaneous determination of 4 kinds of flavones in S. barbata decoction pieces. Principle component analysis can provide reference for the quality control of S. barbata decoction pieces.

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