Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 342
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 165-174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of cholesterol on the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) in ob/ob obese mice, and to explore the possible mechanism of central nervous systym dysfunction caused by obesity. Methods Selected 64-month-old ob/ob and wild type (WT) mice, and cell proliferation antigen (Ki67) and doublecortin (DCX) immunofluorescenct staining were used to detect ob/ob mice lateral ventricle subventricular zone (SVZ) neurogenesis level. Cultured SVZ NSCs isolated from 184-month-old ob/ob and WT mice, and BrdU incorporation experiment and β-III-tubulin (Tuj1) immunofluorescent staining were employed to detect the self-renewal and differentiation ability of NSCs. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry(MALDI- MS)was used to detect the lipid distribution in 4-month-old ob/ob and WT mice brain tissues, and measure the changes of cholesterol(ST) content and the expression genes related to cholesterol synthesis. Cultured 15 WT postnatal day 0(P0) mouse SVZ NSCs in vitro and electrotransfected with the small interfering RNA(siRNA) sequence of cholesterol synthesis rate-limiting enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase (Hmgcr) verified the knockdown efficiency, to detecte the effect of Hmgcr gene knockdown on NSCs by BrdU incorporation experiment and Tuj1 immunofluorescent staining. Results Compared with the WT mice, the number of Ki67

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 620-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015163

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To elucidate the important role of Nogo-A in climacteric neurodegeneration such as memory impairment by observing memory function and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum of rats under low estrogen condition. Methods Fouthy-five female SD rats were divided into sham operation group, ovariectomized group and ovariectomized estrogen treatment group with 15 rats in each group. Medication was given 2 weeks after ovariectomized. Estrogen treatment group was subcutaneously injected in groin with estrogen [25 μg/ (kg.d)] dissolved in sterile sesame oil. The sham operation group and the ovariectomized group were given the same amount of aseptic sesame oil. Samples were collected after 6 weeks of drug treatment. The difference of memory function of rats in three groups was observed by conditioned fear training experiment, and the expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum was observed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results Compared with the sham and estrogen treatment group, memory function in ovariectomized group decreased significantly and the number of Nogo-A positive neurons in hippocampus and striatum of ovariectomized rats was significantly higher than that of sham operation group (P 0. 05). The result of immunoblotting was consistent with the above-mentioned immunohistochemical result. Conclusion The increased expression of Nogo-A in hippocampus and striatum under low estrogen condition may be one of the key reasons for memory impairment in climacteric women.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 723-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013903

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism by which calpain-1 promotes hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension pulmonary artery endothelial cell apoptosis through endoplasmic reticulum stress. Methods C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and calpain-1 gene knockout mice (KO) were reared in a hypoxic chamber (10% O

5.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 149-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006104

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the efficacy of a comprehensive treatment strategy of bladder hydrodistension, transurethral resection of bladder lesions and triple drug instillation in patients with painful bladder syndrome (BPS). 【Methods】 A total of 15 female BPS patients treated during Jan.2020 and Oct.2021 were enrolled. All patients received bladder hydrodistension and transurethral resection. After operation, intravesical instillation of a triple-drug mixture (2% lidocaine hydrochloride 20 mL, heparin sodium 25 000 U, and dexamethasone 10 mg) was administered once a day for 5 days, and then once per week for 4 weeks. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, quality of sexual life, health-related quality of life, and self-rating anxiety scale score were compared before treatment and 1, 4 and 12 weeks after treatment. The complications were recorded. 【Results】 All patients completed the treatment. Of 14 patients, the VAS score and self-rating anxiety scale score were lower in week 1, 4 and 12 after treatment, while the health-related quality of life score increased. One patient’s symptoms remained unchanged. The VAS score decreased from (5.47±1.81) to (1.87±1.51) (P<0.05), and the self-rating anxiety scale score decreased from (18.13±8.64) to (6.33±8.22) (P<0.05). The score of health-related quality of life increased from (24.47±5.41) to (31.53±6.49) (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The comprehensive strategy is effective in the treatment of bladder pain syndrome, which can relieve pain symptoms and improve patients’ quality of life.

6.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 698-702, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005692

ABSTRACT

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a peripheral vestibular disease with the highest incidence rate, and the elderly are the high incidence population. Particle repositioning maneuver, simple and practicable, and has good clinical effects, is recognized as the preferred treatment method for BPPV. However, the elderly patients have a higher prevalence rate, often suffer from multiple chronic diseases, and their various bodily functions have entered a declining stage, with poor response to treatment and a tendency to recur. Based on these, medical staff should continuously improve their professional abilities, and pay attention to and implement some comprehensive and multi-dimensional humanistic care measures from physiological to psychological aspects such as verbal encouragement, behavioral support, and spiritual integration during the diagnosis and treatment process, to improve the quality of life of elderly BPPV patients, reduce medical disputes, and save medical resources.

7.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 250-261, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001403

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The gastrointestinal symptom of diabetes mellitus, chronic constipation, seriously affects patients’ life. Whereas, the mechanism of chronic constipation is still ambiguous, resulting in a lack of effective therapies for this symptom. As a part of the smooth muscle cells, interstitial cells of Cajal, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha-positive (PDGFRα+ ) cells syncytium (SIP syncytium), PDGFRα+ cells play an important role in regulating colonic motility. According to our previous study, in PDGFRα+cells in colons of diabetic mice, the function of the P2Y1 purinergic receptor/type 3 small-conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK3) channel signaling pathway is strengthened, which may lead to colonic dysmotility. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes in SK3 channel properties of PDGFRα+ cells in diabetic mice. @*Methods@#Whole-cell patch clamp, Western blotting, superoxide dismutase activity measurement, and malondialdehyde measurement were main methods in the present study. @*Results@#The present study revealed that when dialysed with low calcium ion (Ca 2+ ) solution, the SK3 current density was significantly decreased in PDGFRα+ cells from diabetic mice. However, the SK3 current density in PDGFRα+ cells was enhanced from diabetic mice when dialysed with high Ca 2+ solution. Moreover, hydrogen peroxide-treatment mimicked this phenomenon in SK3 transgenic HEK293 cells. The subunit of SK3 channels, protein kinase CK2, was up-regulated in colonic muscle layers and hydrogen peroxidetreated HEK293 cells. Additionally, protein phosphatase 2A, the subunit of SK3 channels, was not changed in streptozotocin-treated mouse colons or hydrogen peroxide-treated HEK293 cells. @*Conclusion@#The diabetic oxidative stress-induced upregulation of CK2 contributed to modulating SK3 channel sensitivity to Ca 2+ in colonic PDGFRα+ cells, which may result in colonic dysmotility in diabetic mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 160-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influence factors of poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the predictive value of inflammatory reaction indexes including neutrophils and lymphocytes ratio (NLR), platelet and lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte and lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provision and differentiation degree, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis number on the postoperative recurrence of ESCC. Methods: A total of 130 patients with ESCC who underwent radical resection from February 2017 to February 2019 in Nanyang Central Hospital were selected and divided into good prognosis group (66 cases) and poor prognosis group (64 cases) according to the prognostic effect. The clinical data and follow-up data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between preoperative NLR, PLR and MLR with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastasis were related to the prognoses of patients with ESCC (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases were independent influencing factors for poor prognosis of patients with ESCC, moderate differentiation (OR=2.603, 95% CI: 1.009-6.715) or low differentiation (OR=9.909, 95% CI: 3.097-31.706), infiltrating into fibrous membrane (OR=14.331, 95% CI: 1.333-154.104) or surrounding tissue (OR=23.368, 95% CI: 1.466-372.578), the number of lymph node metastases ≥ 3 (OR=9.225, 95% CI: 1.693-50.263) indicated poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis showed that NLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastases (r=-0.281, P=0.001; r=-0.257, P=0.003), PLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastasis (r=-0.250, P=0.004; r=0.197, P=0.025; r=-0.194, P=0.027), MLR was positively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastasis (r=0.248, P=0.004; r=0.196, P=0.025). ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 0.971, 0.925 and 0.834, respectively. The best cut-off value of NLR was 2.87. The sensitivity and specificity of NLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 90.6% and 87.9%, respectively. The optimal cut-off value of PLR was 141.75. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 92.2% and 87.9%, respectively. The best cut-off value of MLR was 0.40. The sensitivity and specificity of MLR in predicting poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were 54.7% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusions: The degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastases are closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. NLR, PLR and MLR can provide important information for predicting the poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphocytes , Blood Platelets/pathology , Inflammation , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 482-486, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence and infection regularity of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients undergoing tracheal intubation and to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of VAP infection in the future.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted to collect the microbial data of airway secretion cultures from 72 patients with endotracheal intubation admitted to the emergency ward of Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital from May 2020 to February 2021, and the species of microorganisms and intubation time were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 72 patients with endotracheal intubation, males were more than females (58.33% vs. 41.67%); Patients over 60 years old accounted for 90.28%; pneumonia was the main primary disease, accounting for 58.33%. Pathogenic tests showed that: (1) 72 patients were infected with Acinetobacter baumannii (AB), Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) 48 hours after intubation, 51.39% (37/72), 27.78% (20/72), and 26.39% (19/72), respectively. The infection rate of AB was significantly higher than that of KP and PA. Within 48 hours of intubation, the infection rates of AB, KP, and PA were 20.83% (15/72), 13.89% (10/72), and 4.17% (3/72), respectively. Of the 42 patients with primary pneumonia, 61.90% (26/42) were infected with one or more of the three pathogenic bacteria AB, KP, and PA 48 hours after intubation, indicating a change in the etiology of the pathogenic bacteria, with the main pathogenic bacteria transitioning from other pathogenic bacteria to AB, KP, and PA. (2) AB, KP, and PA were prone to cause late onset VAP (i.e., intubation ≥ 5 days). Respectively, among VAP patients infected with AB, late onset VAP accounted for 59.46% (22/37). Among patients infected with KP, 75.00% (15/20) had late onset VAP. Among patients infected with PA, late onset VAP accounted for 94.74% (18/19), indicating a higher proportion of late onset VAP caused by PA and KP. (3) Infection was closely related to intubation time, and the pipeline can be replaced according to the peak period of infection. AB and KP infections peaked within 4 days after intubation, reaching 57.69% (30/52) and 50.00% (15/30), respectively. It is recommended to replace the tubes or undergo sensitive antimicrobial therapy around 3-4 days after starting the machine. The proportion of PA infection after 7 days of intubation was 72.73% (16/22), and it was considered to replace the pipeline after 7 days. (4) Most of the three pathogenic bacteria, AB, KP, and PA were carbapenem resistant pathogens with multiple drug resistance. Except for PA, the infection rate of carbapenem resistant bacteria (CRAB, CRKP) was significantly higher than that of non-carbapenem resistant bacteria (AB, KP), accounting for 86.54% (45/52) and 66.67% (20/30) of the corresponding infection cases, respectively, while CRPA only accounts for 18.18% (4/22).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main differences in VAP infection caused by AB, KP, and PA pathogens are infection time, infection probability, and carbapenem resistance. Targeted prevention and treatment measures can be implemented for patients with intubation.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated , Retrospective Studies , China , Intubation, Intratracheal , Acinetobacter baumannii , Klebsiella pneumoniae
10.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 11-18, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015361

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid (18α-GA) on the proliferation of adult mice neural stem cells (NSCs) and its underlying mechanism. Methods One hundred 6-month BALB/c mice were randomly divided into DMSO control group and 18α-GA group (mice were intraperitoneally injected with 40 mg/kg 18α-GA every day for 2 months). The proliferation capability, oxidative status and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) level of NSCs in the adult mice subventricular zone (SVZ) were measured through both in vivo and in vitro experiments, including Ki-67 staining, neurosphere formation assay, BrdU incorporation, CCK-8 assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) determination, Real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results Elevated Ki-67 positive cells were observed in SVZ of mice with 18α-GA application. Meanwhile, ROS level attenuated but SOD1 mRNA and protein level increased significantly in the SVZ of 18α-GA group mice, the latter of which were (3. 17 ± 0. 073) and (2. 12±0. 02) times respectively than that of the control group (P<0. 05 and P<0. 001). Likewise, the similar changes were exhibited in vitro data. NSCs of 18α-GA group mice displayed higher proliferation potency confirmed by accelerated neurosphere formation and increased neurosphere number (P<0. 001), as well as higher BrdU positive ratio (P<0. 01) and NSCs vitality (P<0. 001). NSCs of mice with 18α-GA injection exhibited decreased ROS level by 18. 91%±4. 33% (P<0. 05) and enhanced SOD1 level, compared with those in NSCs of DMSO group mice. Furtherly, the Nrf2 expression in SVZ and NSCs of 18α-GA group mice was higher than that of the control group. Conclution 18α-GA administration plays a vital role in the maintainence and amelioration of adult mice NSCs proliferation through activating SOD1 and diminishing ROS aggregations.

11.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 772-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004212

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To construct an index framework for the evaluation of blood service system resilience under emergency support, and improve the ability of blood centers to deal with emergencies. 【Methods】 The contents of evaluation index system were preliminarily determined through the literature analysis. The Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process(AHP) were used. Experts in relevant fields were consulted to determine the resilience evaluation of indicator framework. Six experts were invited to score the weight of resilience index and finally determined the weight of the index. 【Results】 The resilience evaluation index framework of blood service was established with 5 first-level indicators and 22 second-level indicators. The weights of first-level indicators economic resilience, social resilience, infrastructure resilience, organizational resilience and process resilience were 0.140, 0.071, 0.156, 0.225 and 0.408, respectively. 【Conclusion】 The established evaluation index framework of blood service system resilience is scientific, which provides a reference basis for evaluating the resilience of blood service system.

12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1139-1144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004075

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To systematically evaluate the incidence of donation related vasovagal reactions (DRVR) in China by Meta-analysis method and discuss the risk factors of DRVR, so as to provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of DRVR. 【Methods】 Cochrane Library, PubMed, WanFang Data CNKI and other electronic databases were retrieved to collect research literature concerning the incidence and risk factors of DRVR among whole blood donors in mainland China, with the publishing duration setting from 1998 to 2020. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the methodological quality of the included studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Then Stata was used for Meta-analysis. 【Results】 A total of 63 studies involving 6 043 945 donors were included. The prevalence of DRVR was 1.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.9%~1.1%, I2=99.7%, P<0.01). The prevalence of DRVR in females (1.4%, 95% CI: 1.0-1.8%, I2=99.6%, P<0.01) was higher than that in males (1.1%, 95 % CI: 0.8-1.4%, I2=99.6%, P<0.01). The incidence of DRVR was 1.3% (95%CI: 0.8-1.8, I2=97.9%, P<0.01), 0.8% (95%CI: 0.5-1.0, I2=95.0%, P<0.01), 0.4% (95%CI: 0.3-0.5, I2=88.5%, P<0.01) and 0.3% (95%CI: 0.1-0.6, I2=96.1%, P<0.01) in the age groups of 18-25, 26-35, 36-45 and 46-55, respectively, and the incidence of DRVR decreased with age(P<0.01). From 1998 to 2020, the incidence of DRVR decreased year by year (P<0.01). The prevalence in first-time donors (1.5%, 95% CI: 1.3-1.8, I2=98.6%, P<0.01) was higher than that of regular donors (0.6%, 95% CI: 0.5-0.7%, I2=97.2%, P<0.01). Anxiety was the major risk factor for DRVR. 【Conclusion】 Our results indicate that blood centers should strengthen the monitoring of DRVR. More attention should be paid to young women, more comfort given to first-time blood donors, and a more perfect system developed to reduce the occurrence of DRVR.

13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 202-207, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of Xuezhikang on the markers of the serum lipid levels of cholesterol synthesis and absorption in early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia, and preliminarily explore its lipid-lowering mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia were enrolled from December, 2014 to May, 2016 from Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, who were randomly allocated to receive Xuezhikang (1200 mg/d, orally) or atorvastatin (10 mg/d, orally) according to a random number table. Serum levels of some related biomarkers, including cholesterol synthesis markers (squalene, dihydrocholesterol, dehydrocholesterol, and lathosterol), and absorption markers (campesterol, stigmasterol, and sitosterol) as well as safety indices were obtained at baseline and after 8 weeks of the intervention.@*RESULTS@#Eight weeks after treatment, both Xuezhikang and atorvastatin significantly reduced the levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density cholesterol compared to baseline (all P<0.01). Xuezhikang significantly reduced the levels of squalene, dehydrocholesterol and lathosterol compared to baseline (all P<0.01), but atorvastatin only significantly reduced the level of squalene (P<0.01), compared to baseline. All cholesterol absorption markers showed no significant differences before and after treatment (P>0.05), however, a more obvious downward trend was shown in the Xuezhikang group. In addition, all the safety indices showed no significant differences between the two groups. Although the creatinekinase level in the Xuezhikang group was significantly higher, it remained within the safe range.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Xuezhikang may have more comprehensive effects on the markers of cholesterol synthesis and metabolism in early menopausal women with hypercholesterolemia through ergosterol and flavonoids in its "natural polypill."


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biomarkers , Cholesterol , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Menopause
14.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 11-11, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Associations of acute glycemic complications with season and ambient temperature have been reported in general population with diabetes. However, little is known about the risks of acute glycemic complications in relation to season and ambient temperature in pregnant women, who are likely to be even more vulnerable. This work aimed to investigate the associations of season and ambient temperature with pregnancies complicated with hyperglycemia emergency or severe hypoglycemia.@*METHODS@#Two separate case-control studies were nested within 150,153 pregnancies by women with type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes between 2009 and 2014 in Taiwan. Hyperglycemia emergency (mainly diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state) and severe hypoglycemia occurred in 77 and 153 diabetic pregnancies (cases), respectively. Ten control pregnancies were randomly selected for each case by matching each case pregnancy on type of diabetes (i.e., T1DM, T2DM, or GDM), maternal age on the date of acute glycemic complication occurrence (i.e., index date), and "length of gestation at risk" (i.e., period between conception and index date). Meteorological parameters were retrieved from 542 meteorological monitoring stations across Taiwan during 2008-2014. Conditional logistic regression analysis with generalized estimation equation was separately performed to estimate the covariate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of each of the two acute glycemic complications in association with season and ambient temperature within 30 days prior to the index date.@*RESULTS@#Compared to summer, winter season was associated with a significantly elevated risk of severe hypoglycemia with an OR of 1.74 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.79). The OR of hyperglycemic emergency was also elevated in winter season at OR of 1.88, but the significance is only marginal (95% CI 0.97-3.64, p = 0.0598). Subgroup analyses further noted that such seasonal variation was also observed in pregnancies with pre-pregnancy type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes. On the other hand, ambient temperature was not significantly associated with the two acute glycemic complications.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A moderately but significantly elevated risk of severe hypoglycemia was found in pregnant women with diabetes during winter season, and such increased risk was more evident in pregnancies with T1DM.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Incidence , Pregnant Women , Taiwan/epidemiology , Temperature
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2778-2789, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939937

ABSTRACT

Neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by progressive degeneration of neurons. NDDs threaten the lives of millions of people worldwide and regretfully remain incurable. It is well accepted that dysfunction of mitochondria underlies the pathogenesis of NDDs. Dysfunction of mitochondria results in energy depletion, oxidative stress, calcium overloading, caspases activation, which dominates the neuronal death of NDDs. Therefore, mitochondria are the preferred target for intervention of NDDs. So far various mitochondria-targeting drugs have been developed and delightfully some of them demonstrate promising outcome, though there are still some obstacles such as targeting specificity, delivery capacity hindering the drugs development. In present review, we will elaborately address 1) the strategy to design mitochondria targeting drugs, 2) the rescue mechanism of respective mitochondria targeting drugs, 3) how to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Hopefully this review will provide comprehensive knowledge for understanding how to develop more effective drugs for the treatment of NDDs.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 4-12, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The association between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases has been less investigated. We sought to examine the association between NLR and new-onset subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From a community cohort, we included 6,430 adults aged ≥ 40 years without subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases at baseline. We measured subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities separately using the ankle-brachial index (ABI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and albuminuria.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 4.3 years, 110 participants developed incident abnormal ABI, 746 participants developed incident elevated baPWV, and 503 participants developed incident albuminuria. Poisson regression analysis indicated that NLR was significantly associated with an increased risk of new-onset abnormal ABI, elevated baPWV, and albuminuria. Compared to overweight/obese participants, we found a much stronger association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities in participants with normal weight. Furthermore, we found an interaction between the NLR and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of new-onset abnormal ABI ( P for interaction: 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#NLR was associated with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases in the Chinese population. Furthermore, in participants with normal weight, the association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities was much stronger.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Incidence , Lymphocytes/cytology , Neutrophils/cytology , Poisson Distribution , Prospective Studies , Vascular Diseases/etiology
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935256

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the level and trend of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antibody among healthy population in Beijing in 2017, after the five-year implementation of the two doses varicella vaccination strategy in 2012, and to provide evidence for scientific evaluation of immunization strategy. Methods: A total of 2 144 subjects in ten age groups from 8 districts of Beijing city were recruited in this study using cross-sectional survey based on multi-stage cluster random sampling method. Serum samples were collected and VZV antibody was detected by ELISA. The influencing factors of antibody concentration and positive rate were analyzed and compared with the study in 2012. The antibody concentration and antibody positive rate were analyzed by nonparametric test and χ² test respectively. Results: The ratio of subjects with registered residence in Beijing city to other provinces was 1∶1. The ratio of male to female was 1∶1.08. The median concentration of VZV antibody was 341.4 (78.6, 1 497.8) mIU/ml, and the total antibody positive rate was 71.1% (1 524/2 144). There were significant differences in antibody positive rate (χ²=736.39, P<0.01) and antibody concentration (χ²=740.34, P<0.01) among different age groups. The antibody positive rate generally increased with age (χ²trend=7.32, Ptrend<0.01). Among 862 children under 14 years old, the antibody positive rate of two doses vaccination 72.8% (182/250) was significantly higher than that of one dose vaccination 51.9% (154/297) (χ²=25.14, P<0.01). There was significant difference between 1-4 years old group (χ²=11.71, P<0.01) and 10-14 years old group (χ²=5.95, P=0.02), but not in 5-9 years old group (χ²=3.00, P=0.07). Compared with the study in 2012, the antibody positive rate increased in 5-9 years old group (χ²=14.35, P<0.01) and decreased in 1-4 years old group (χ²=11.51, P=0.01) in 2017. Conclusion: The recommended varicella booster vaccination has significantly improved the VZV antibody level of children in Beijing city. In the future, it is necessary to explore a more optimized two doses varicella vaccination schedule for children in combination with epidemiological evidence.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antibodies, Viral , Chickenpox/prevention & control , Chickenpox Vaccine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Vaccination
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1381-1384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935018

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the macular microstructural changes in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD)after silicone oil tamponade by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT).METHODS:From November 2019 to July 2021, 27 patients with 27 eyes in RRD who underwent vitrectomy combined with silicone oil tamponade in Cangzhou Aier Eye Hospital were enrolled in this study as the observation group, other 30 healthy volunteers with 30 eyes were included in the control group. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)of patients before and after operation were observed, and quantified evaluation of the postoperative macular microstructural changes were performed by SD-OCT.RESULTS: The BCVA(LogMAR)of the observation group at 1wk and 3mo after operation(0.61±0.23, 0.69±0.34)were improved compared with those before operation(1.43±0.77)(all P<0.01). The cube volume and average cube thickness in the macular area at 3mo after operation in the observation group were lower than those at 1wk and 1mo after operation in the control group(all P<0.05). There were no differences in the average ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer(GCIPL)thickness, minimum GCIPL thickness, average macular retinal nerve fiber layer(mRNFL)thickness and minimum mRNFL thickness at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after operation in the observation group, but all decreased compared with the control group(all P<0.01). There were 9 eyes with subretinal fluid(SRF)in the observation group during postoperative follow-up, SRF had a tendency to be gradually absorbed, but 1 eye had a secondary macular hole; 3 eyes had ellipsoid zone disruption, which had a tendency to be gradually repaired; 2 eyes had submacular perfluorocarbon liquid; 2 eyes had macular edema.CONCLUSION: SD-OCT can show the microstructure and morphological changes very well in macular area in patients with RRD after silicone oil tamponade, and has important clinical value for the preoperative and postoperative follow-up evaluation of RRD.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 96-99, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the non suicidal self injury(NSSI) behavior among Mongolian college students and its relations with depression and anxiety, and to provide reference for mental health prevention and intervention.@*Methods@#In April 2019, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 8 422 Mongolian college students from 5 colleges and universities in Hohhot. NSSI, depression and anxiety were collected.@*Results@#The proportion of NSSI, anxiety and depressive symptoms among Mongolian college students were 22.94%, 11.11%, and 28.57%, respectively. Male, non medical major, introverted personality, and family disharmony were associated with higher detection rates of NSSI ( χ 2=9.20, 100.14, 60.71, 53.05, P <0.01). The detection rate of anxiety among students in the fourth grade, non medical majors, introverted personality, and disharmonious family was significantly higher compared to peers ( χ 2=28.45, 92.88, 60.22, 66.10, P <0.01). The detection rate of depression among students in the fourth grade, non medical major, introverted personality, and discordant parental relationships was higher ( χ 2=57.06, 58.45 , 108.88, 136.30, P <0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that depression ( OR =1.47, 95% CI =1.31-1.67), anxiety ( OR =2.83, 95% CI =2.45-3.29) were positively correlated with the risk of NSSI ( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Non suicidal self injury behavior, depression and anxiety in Mongolian college students is high, and there are significant positive correlations between NSSI with depression and anxiety. Mental health education and intervention among college Mongolian students should be paid colse attention.

20.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 313-329, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880974

ABSTRACT

The medical fungus Hirsutella sinensis has been used as a Chinese folk health supplement because of its immunomodulatory properties. Our previous studies established the antifibrotic action of Hirsutella sinensis mycelium (HSM) in the lung. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The present study investigates the role of HSM in mediating EMT during the development of pulmonary fibrosis. HSM significantly inhibits bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis by blocking the EMT. In addition, the expression levels of midkine are increased in the lungs of the BLM-induced group. Further analysis of the results indicates that the mRNA level of midkine correlated positively with EMT. HSM markedly abrogates the transforming growth factor β-induced EMT-like phenotype and behavior in vitro. The activation of midkine related signaling pathway is ameliorated following HSM treatment, whereas this extract also caused an effective attenuation of the induction of EMT (caused by midkine overexpression) in vitro. Results further confirm that oral medication of HSM disrupted the midkine pathway in vivo. Overall, findings suggest that the midkine pathway and the regulation of the EMT may be considered novel candidate therapeutic targets for the antifibrotic effects caused by HSM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bleomycin , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Midkine , Mycelium , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL