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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936356

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a convenient method for rapid purification of fresh Pheretima proteins and assess the inhibitory effect of these proteins against pulmonary fibrosis.@*METHODS@#The crude extract of fresh Pheretima was obtained by freeze-drying method and then purified by size exclusion chromatography. The composition of the purified proteins was analyzed by mass spectrometry. MRC-5 cells were treated with 5 ng/mL TGF-β1 alone (model group) or in combination with SB431542 (2 μmol/L) or the purified proteins (13.125 μg/mL), and the cytotoxicity of purified proteins and their inhibitory effects on cell proliferation were detected with CCK8 assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect the changes in cell apoptosis, and the cellular expressions of α-SMA, Vimentin, E-cadherin, collagen I, Smad2/3 and P-Smad2/3 were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting. In the animal experiment, adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to intratracheal instillation of bleomycin followed by treatment with the purified proteins (5 mg/mL) for 21 days, after which HE and Masson staining was used to observe the pathological changes in the lung tissue of the mice.@*RESULTS@#We successfully obtained purified proteins from fresh Pheretima protein by size exclusion chromatography. Treatment with the purified proteins significantly inhibited TGF-β1-induced proliferation of MRC-5 cells (P < 0.01), reduced the cellular expressions of α-SMA, Vimentin and collagen I (P < 0.001 or P < 0.01), increased the expression of E-cadherin (P < 0.01), and inhibited the expressions of Smad2/3 and P-Smad2/3 (P < 0.001 or P < 0.01). In male C57BL/6 mice models of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis, treatment with the purified proteins obviously reduced the number of inflammatory cells and fibrotic area in the lungs.@*CONCLUSION@#The purified proteins from fresh Pheretima obtained by size exclusion chromatography can inhibit pulmonary fibrosis in mice by regulating the TGF-β/ Smad pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Products/pharmacology , Bleomycin/adverse effects , Cadherins/metabolism , Collagen Type I , Lung/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oligochaeta/chemistry , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Vimentin/metabolism
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 478-485, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364331

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A relação direta entre a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e o câncer de pulmão não é bem conhecida. Objetivo Investigar a associação entre a gravidade anatômica da DAC e do câncer de pulmão. Métodos Trezentos pacientes, incluindo 75 recém-diagnosticados com câncer de pulmão e 225 pacientes correspondentes sem câncer, foram submetidos à angiografia coronária durante a internação, sem intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) prévia nem enxerto de bypass da artéria coronária (CABG). O escore SYNTAX foi utilizado para avaliar a gravidade da DAC. Uma pontuação alta no escore foi definida como > 15 (o maior quartil do escore SYNTAX). O teste de tendência de Cochran-Armitage foi utilizado para verificar a distribuição dos escores dos pacientes. Uma análise de regressão logística foi utilizada para avaliar a associação entre a gravidade da DAC e o câncer de pulmão. Os valores de p foram estabelecidos quando o nível de significância era 5%. Resultados A tendência de distribuição dos escores SYNTAX dos pacientes por quartis foi diferente entre aqueles com câncer de pulmão e controles (do quartil mais baixo ao mais alto: 20,0%; 20,0%; 24,0%; 36,0% vs. 26,7%; 26,2%; 25,8%; 21,3%; p=0,022). A pontuação no escore SYNTAX foi mais alta em pacientes com câncer do que nos pacientes controle (36,0% vs. 21,3%, p=0,011).O maior quartil do escore demonstrou mais riscos de desenvolver câncer de pulmão em comparação ao quartil mais baixo (OR: 2.250, IC95%: 1.077 a 4.699 ; P -trend= 0,016). Após ajustes, os pacientes no maior quartil do escore SYNTAX tinham mais risco de desenvolver câncer de pulmão (OR: 2.1o49, IC95%: 1.008 a 4.584; P -trend= 0,028). Pacientes com escores SYNTAX alto (> 15) tinham 1.985 mais chances de ter câncer de pulmão (IC95%: 1.105-3.563, P= 0,022). Conclusão A gravidade anatômica da DAC está associada ao risco de câncer de pulmão, o que indica que um rastreamento completo deste tipo de câncer possa ser mais significativo entre pacientes com DAC.


Abstract Background The direct relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) and lung cancer is not well known. Objective To investigate the association between the anatomical severity of CAD and lung cancer. Methods Three-hundred study patients, including 75 recently diagnosed lung cancer patients and 225 matched non-cancer patients, underwent coronary angiography during hospitalization without previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The SYNTAX score (SXscore) was used to assess the severity of CAD. A high SXscore (SXhigh) grade was defined as SXscore > 15 (the highest quartile of the SXscore). The Cochran-Armitage test for trend was used to assess the distribution of patients' SXscores. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between the severity of CAD and lung cancer. P-values were set when significance level was 5%. Results The distribution trend of patients' SXscore by quartiles was different between lung cancer patients and control patients (from the lowest to the highest quartile: 20.0%, 20.0%, 24.0%, 36.0% vs. 26.7%, 26.2%, 25.8%, 21.3%, p=0.022). The SX high rate was higher in lung cancer patients than in control patients (36.0% vs. 21.3%, p=0.011).The highest quartile of the SXscore showed higher risk of lung cancer in comparison to the lowest quartile (OR: 2,250, 95%CI: 1,077 to 4,699 ; P-trend= 0.016). After adjustment, patients in the highest quartile of the SXscore had higher risk of lung cancer (OR: 2,149, 95%CI: 1,008 to 4,584; P-trend= 0.028). Patients with high SXscore (> 15) had 1,985 times more chances of having lung cancer (95%CI: 1,105-3,563, P= 0.022). Conclusions The anatomical severity of CAD is associated with the risk of lung cancer, which indicates that a thorough lung cancer screening may be significant among severe CAD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronary Angiography , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 292-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920636

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and associated factors of scoliosis in primary and secondary school students in Guangdong, and to provide guidance for scoliosis control.@*Methods@#Using a stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 38 649 students aged 9-18 were selected from 132 primary and secondary schools in the Pearl River Delta and non Pearl River Delta cities for scoliosis screening and related associated factors questionnaire survey from September to October 2020.@*Results@#A total of 1 440 students were detected with scoliosis, with a detection rate of 3.73%. The detection rate of girls was 4.90%, which was higher than that of boys at 2.66%( χ 2=386.89, P <0.01). The detection rate in the Pearl River Delta region was 4.09%, which was higher than the non Pearl River Delta region at 3.38%( χ 2=13.22, P <0.01). The detection rate in urban areas was 4.51%, which was higher than counties at 2.79%( χ 2=78.70, P <0.01). The detection rate increased with the increase of the school period, high school (5.94%)>junior high school (4.50%)>elementary school (1.35%)( χ 2=386.89, P <0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that region, urbanicity, gender, educational stage, exercise, using electronic mobile devices, nutritional status are the influencing factors for scoliosis ( OR=0.41-3.78, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of scoliosis in primary and secondary school students in Guangdong Province varies by gender, urbanicity and educational stages. Female students, as well as junior and senior high school students should be paid more attention.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1241-1244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940265

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand changes and health equity of low vision in children and adolescents in Chongqing, and to provide reference for student myopia prevention and control.@*Methods@#Using longitudinal studies, all school students in grades 1 to grade 12 in Chongqing were examined for visual acuity during 2018 to 2021, and the prevalence as well as changes of low vision were analyzed. In 2021, stratified random sampling was used to evaluate the health equity of uncorrected visual acuity and diopter(spherical equivalent, SE).@*Results@#The prevalence of low vision for children and adolescents in Chongqing from 2018 to 2021 was 54.12%, 58.17%, 60.03% and 58.20% respectively. Low vision showed an increasing trend in the first three years and decreased by 1.83% in 2021 as compared with 2020( χ 2 trend =13 870.45, P <0.01). The difference in the detection rate of poor vision among students in different grades was statistically significant( χ 2=17 396.36, 2 093.95, 771.87, P <0.01). From 2018 to 2021, the detection rate of low vision in girls was higher than that of boys( P <0.01). The Gini coefficient was 0.054 57 for uncorrected visual acuity in urban area, higher than in rural areas (0.035 94). Meanwhile, the Gini coefficient of urban and rural SE was 0.065 82, higher than the country (0.049 30). The results showed that myopia in children and adolescents was more uneven in urban areas.@*Conclusion@#The adjustment of myopia prevention and control strategies in the late stage of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic is related to the reduction of the detection rate of poor vision in children and adolescents in Chongqing. Low vision varied by grade and gender, suggesting tailored myopia prevention and control strategy. The detection rate of poor vision in cities is more uneven than in rural areas, and different myopia prevention and control measures need to be implemented according to regional characteristics.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876467

ABSTRACT

@#As a minimally invasive procedure, micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) achieve desired therapeutic effect with minimal surgical intervention. The operation is relatively simple, and the effect of assisted orthodontic treatment is obvious. However, due to the lack of long-term follow-up studies, there is no unified consensus on the long-term stability of the procedure. This article reviews the research status of MOPs, biological and biomechanical mechanisms, clinical applications and limitations. MOPs can shorten orthodontic treatment time and accelerate tooth movement by exerting regional acceleratory phenomena (RAP). At the same time, this procedure will not damage the health of the periodontal tissue, and the postoperative bleeding and postoperative reaction are minor. In addition, the pain and discomfort of patients were relatively mild and acceptable. However, it also has limitations, mainly including the limited time of the RAP effect of MOPs. Although this procedure is a minimally invasive surgery, there is still a risk of treating regional bone defects. At present, it is still necessary to increase the sample size and extend the follow-up time to evaluate the long-term stability of MOPs.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1867-1870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907080

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the general situation of scoliosis and influencing factors among middle school students in Guangzhou, so as to provide evidence for behavioral intervention measures.@*Methods@#By stratified cluster random sampling method, 2 121 students from 8 middle schools of Guangzhou were selected to conduct questionnaire survey and physical examination.@*Results@#The detection rate of scoliosis among middle school students in Guangzhou was 8.20%, girls (9.50%)>boys (7.00%), urban area (10.45%)>suburb area (4.77%), senior high school (10.08%)>junior school (6.39%) ( P <0.05). Among the most of the 174 positive students were found to have large thoracic curve, right lateral bending, being girls with medium scoliosis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that students in urban area ( OR=2.56, 95%CI =1.71-3.82), with mobile electronic devices usage time≥3 h/d( OR=1.59, 95%CI =1.12-2.27), prolonged near vision work ≥1 h ( OR=1.40, 95%CI =1.00-1.95), outdoor activity time<2 h/d( OR=1.82, 95%CI =1.24-2.67) had a higher detection rate of scoliosis ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of scoliosis among middle school students in Guangzhou is much higher, which might be related to district, mobile electronic devices usage, prolonged near vision work and insufficient outdoor activity. Health education regarding spinal knowledge should be strengthened.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of Subclinical Carotid AtheroSclerosis (SCAS) and prediabetes or Diabetes Mellitus (DM)in the healthy people.Methods:From September 2018 to June 2019, participants who underwent physical examination in the Health Management Center of Beijing Tiantan Hospitial were enrolled consecutively. The baseline characters were collected prospectively. Carotid Ultrasound was evaluated by radiologists according to the standard operating protocol. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic analysis were used to estimate the association of prediabetes or DM with SCAS.Results:Totally 401 participants were eligible and enrolled. The mean age was (52.2±10.4) years and 43.7% (252/401) of them were females. The prevalence of DM and SCAS were 16.4% (66/401) and 48.9% (196/401) respectively. In the univariate analysis, elder age (≥60 years old) ( OR=5.93, 95% CI: 3.86-9.09, P<0.001), hypertension ( OR=2.76, 95% CI: 1.84-4.15, P<0.01), prediabetes( OR=1.67, 95% CI: 1.08-2.58, P<0.05) and DM ( OR=3.60, 95% CI: 1.97-6.58, P<0.01), cigarettes smoking ( OR=2.64, 95% CI: 1.82-3.81, P<0.001), lower HDLlevel<1.04 mmol/L ( OR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.04-2.42, P<0.001) and hyperhomocysteinemia (≥15 μmol/L)( OR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.17-4.04, P<0.01) were associated with higher prevalence of SCAS. On the contrary, female sex ( OR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.39-0.74, P<0.001) was associated with lower prevalence of SCAS. In the multivariable logistic analysis, elder age(≥60 years old) ( OR=6.04, 95% CI: 3.13-11.7, P<0.01), hypertension ( OR=2.14, 95% CI: 1.13-3.87, P<0.05), cigarettes smoking ( OR=2.19, 95% CI: 1.21-3.98, P<0.05) and DM ( OR=2.32, 95% CI: 1.16-4.67, P<0.05) were associated with SCAS independently. The association between prediabetes and SCAS was not statistically significant. Conclusions:DM is independently associated with SCAS in neurological healthy people, while prediabetes tended to increase the risk of SCAS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 955-957, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910946

ABSTRACT

The elderly are the main body of people with sarcopenia which not only seriously affects the quality of life of the elderly, but also brings a heavy burden to the family and society.Maintaining and improving the function of the elderly and preventing the occurrence of sarcopenia in the elderly are the important measures in the health management of the elderly.In order to effectively carry out health education on sarcopenia in the elderly and to popularize relevant health care knowledge, the National Center of Gerontology and the Chinese Geriatrics Society have formulated the "Chinese expert consensus on the core information for the prevention of sarcopenia in the elderly(2021)" , relying on the expert team after several rounds of expert discussions.It provides scientific basis for the management and early intervention of sarcopenia.Let us now try to interpret the consensus on the key knowledge points of the core information sequence.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942611

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: From July 2007 to June 2017, a total of 8 155 adult subjects, including 6 484 males and 1 671 females, aged 18-90 (43.13±12.28), body mass index 14.61~59.56 (25.59±3.98) kg/m2,who were admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology head and Neck surgery of The Sixth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent polysomnography and biochemical tests. Subjects were divided into four groups (non-OSA, mild OSA, moderate OSA, and severe OSA) according to OSA severity. The prevalence of MS was expressed as percentage, and the correlation between OSA and MS and its characteristic pathophysiological indicators was evaluated by logistic regression model after adjusting for factors such as gender, age, BMI, neck circumference, hip circumference, smoking and alcohol consumption, and was expressed by odds ratio (OR). SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The overall prevalence of MS was 43.6%, and that of non-/mild/moderate/severe OSA group was 18.6%, 30.4%, 43.8%, 57.1%.Logistic regression showed that patients with mild/moderate/severe OSA had an increased risk of MS compared with non-OSA patients, with adjusted OR values and confidence intervals of 1.27 (1.05-1.54), 1.84 (1.53-2.22), and 2.08 (1.76-2.46), respectively (P<0.01).In addition, indicators of OSA anoxic burden [oxygen drop index(Toxygen=7.1), minimum blood oxygen(Tminimum=56.3), blood oxygen saturation below 90% cumulative time ratio (TCT90=10.6) ]were closely associated with MS disease(P<0.01), but sleep fragmentation index (arousals index) was not significantly associated with MS disease. Conclusion: The risk of MS gradually increases with the severity of OSA, and the indicators reflecting OSA hypoxia burden are closely related to MS disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Oxygen Saturation , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942609

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the therapeutic efficacy of Han-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (HUPPP) combined with radiofrequency ablation of tongue base or HUPPP with traction of tongue base on moderate to severe patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: This is a multicenter randomized controlled trial. From March 2017 to July 2019, moderate to severe OSAHS patients from three clinical center in Shanghai who were intolerant to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and with velopharyngeal and glossopharyngeal plane obstruction were enrolled in this study. According to the surgical type, they were 1∶1 randomized to HUPPP plus radiofrequency ablation of tongue base group (Ablation group) or HUPPP plus traction of tongue base group (Traction group). All patients completed over-night standard Polysomnography (PSG), upper-airway assessment (Friedman classification, Müller test, CT and cephalometric examination), preoperative routine examination, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Quebec sleep questionnaire (QSQ). Six to 12 months after operation, all the above-mentioned examinations were repeatedly performed. Changes of aforementioned variables before and after operation were assessed. Results: A total of 43 patients with moderate to severe OSAHS were enrolled in this study. One patient lost to follow-up, the remaining 21 were allocated to Ablation group and 21 were allocated to Traction group. The total therapeutic efficacy of all patients was 69.05% (61.90% in Ablation group and 76.19% in Traction group), but there was no statistical significance between the two groups (P= 0.317). The value of sleep scale score (ESS and QSQ), objective sleep variables (apnea-hypopnea index, oxygen saturation, percentage of time with blood oxygen less than 90% in total sleep time, oxygen desaturation index and micro-arousals) and upper airway cross-sectional area (palatopharyngeal and retrolingual area) of the two groups were improved (P<0.05), but the differences between the two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: For moderate to severe OSAHS who had glossopharyngeal plane obstruction, both HUPPP plus radiofrequency ablation of tongue base or HUPPP plus traction of tongue base are effective treatment for OSAHS, and the curative effect is similar. The choice of surgical type could be selected according to patient's or surgical conditions.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Oxygen Saturation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Tongue/surgery , Traction
11.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1106-1111
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213762

ABSTRACT

Background: Even with the use of contrast-enhanced thin-layer chest computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), the likelihood of cT2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal cancer correlating with the final pathologic outcome is exceedingly low. We therefore sought to investigate the associations between different risk factors and pathologic upstaging in stage T2N0M0 esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological characteristics of 224 stage T2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal cancer patients who underwent complete resection over a 2-year period (October 2016–September 2018). The tumor volume (TV) was automatically measured from thin-layer chest CT scans using imaging software. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with upstaging. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and its ability to identify pathological upstaging was assessed. Results: A total of 224 patients with clinical stage T2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal carcinoma (SCEC) underwent esophagectomy; of these patients, 96 (42.86%) had a more advanced stage during the final pathologic review than during the initial diagnosis. The risk factors for pathologic upstaging included a large TV, high total cholesterol (TC), high triglycerides (TGs), high platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and high number of lymph nodes examined. The ROC analysis demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.845 (95% confidence interval 0.794–0.895). Conclusions: In SECC diagnosed as stage T2N0M0 by CT and EUS, the incidence of postoperative pathologic upstaging increases with a large TV, high TC, high TGs, high PLR, and high number of lymph nodes examined

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872763

ABSTRACT

Objective:Quantitative analysis of anti-inflammatory synergistic pharmacodynamics mechanism of baicalin and wogonoside by medium efficiency principle. Method:inflammatory cell model was constructed by stimulating RAW264.7 cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 100 μg·L-1 in vitro. The experiment was performed in the normal group, the model group, the andrographolide group (10 μmol·L-1), the baicalin group (2.06,4.13,8.25,16.5,33,66,132 μmol·L-1) and the wogonoside group (2.94,5.88,11.75,23.5,47,94,188 μmol·L-1) and the baicalin-wogonoside combination group [(2.06+2.94)(4.13+5.88)(8.25+11.75)(16.5+23.5)(33+47)(66+94)(132+188) μmol·L-1]. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the cell culture supernatants after drug intervention for 50 min and 4 h were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The level of nitric oxide (NO) in the cell culture supernatant after drug intervention for 24 h were detected by Griess method. Western blot was used to detect the activation levels of phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB p65(p-NF-κB p65) and inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) in cells after drug intervention for 2 h and 12 h. The fa/fu-dose profile of each indicator was drawn to observe the increase or decrease of effect. Result:Compared with normal group, the expression of p-NF-кB p65, iNOS and cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6 and NO (P<0.05,P<0.01) in the model group were significantly up-regulated. Compared with the model group, each group at high doses could inhibit the phosphorylation of NF-кB p65 protein(P<0.05),the baicalin group and the combined group could down-regulate the expression of iNOS protein in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.01) and the baicalin group had no obvious inhibitory effect. each administration group at high dose could significantly inhibit the production of NO(P<0.05),but each group had no inhibitory effect on IL-6 production. The baicalin group and the combined group could significantly Inhibit the production of TNF-α(P<0.05) and there was no significant difference between the baicalin group and the model group. At the experimental dose, the fa/fu-dose table showed that the fa/fu value of p-NF-кB p65 and IL-6 in the combined group was not greater than the baicalin group and the wogonoside group. The fa/fu value of iNOS, TNF-α and NO in the combined group is higher than the baicalin group and the wogonoside group. Conclusion:The baicalin and wogonoside have different effects on different targets in the NF-κB pathway. The wogonoside is the main pharmacological substance in this combination and the combination shows different degrees of synergy or antagonism effects on different targets.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 711-716, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively evaluate the utilization of some essential medicines among elderly people in clinic settings in China, in order to provide a reference for the selection of fully reimbursed medicines for the elderly.Methods:Expert consultations were conducted to evaluate the utilization of 58 essential medicines related to eight major therapeutic areas, including neurology, psychiatry, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, among elderly people.The evaluation indexes included safety, efficacy, compliance by medical staff, compliance by patients, clinical value, and pharmaceutical economics.Results:Except for psychiatry, authority coefficients for drugs related to the other therapeutic areas were greater than 0.7, indicating that experts were familiar with the indications of the medications.According to the comprehensive evaluation scores, 10 medicines, i.e., nitroglycerin, metoprolol tartrate, isosorbide dinitrate, omeprazole, metformin, amlodipine, aspirin, acarbose, valsartan, and clopidogrel, could be considered as the first choices for guaranteed essential drugs for the elderly.Meanwhile, another 10 medicines, including nifedipine, estazolam, tamsulosin, simvastatin, alfacalcidol, enalapril, bisoprolol, beclomethasone dipropionate, ipratropium, and salbutamol, could be considered as the second choices for guaranteed essential drugs for elderly people.Conclusions:The first choices recommended by experts as guaranteed essential drugs for the elderly are mainly cardiovascular, endocrine and respiratory medicines, in line with the disease spectrum of the elderly.The selection of essential medications with full cost reimbursement for elderly patients should be those frequently used and with a burden of high medicine costs.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834310

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#miR-450a-5p was involved in fat formation, however, its role in insulin resistance remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of miR-450a-5p on endothelial cells, with the aim of finding a potential target for diabetes mellitus. @*Methods@#and Results: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with low-glucose, high-glucose, methylglyoxal (MGO), and insulin alone or in combination with MGO. The expression of miR-450a-5p in treated cells was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays. The cell activity, migration and fat formation were determined by MTT experiments, Transwell assay and oil red O staining. The expressions of eNOS/ AKT pathway-related proteins in cells were assessed by Western blot (WB) analysis. Furthermore, the target gene of miR-450a-5p was analyzed by double-luciferase reporter analysis, and its effects on eNOS/AKT pathway were estimated. We found that the expression of miR-450a-5p was decreased obviously in endothelial cells treated with high-glucose and MGO. In vitro cell experiments showed that MGO could not only promote the activity of endothelial cells, but also accelerate cell migration and fat accumulation, which, however, could be reversed by up-regulation of miR-450a-5p. Moreover, MGO inhibited eNOS/AKT pathway activation and NO release mediated by insulin, and such effects were reversed by up-regulation of miR-450a-5p. Furthermore, CREB was the target gene for miR-450a-5p, had an activation effect on the eNOS/AKT pathway. @*Conclusions@#Up-regulated miR-450a-5p eliminates MGO-induced insulin resistance via targeting CREB, and therefore could be used as a potential target to improve insulin resistance and treat patients with diabetes-related diseases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878836

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of baicalin extracted from Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills on the expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 in mice with pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin. The Biacore technique was used to detect the specific binding between Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills and TGF-β1, and the affinity components were enriched, regenerated and recovered by Biacore fishing. Then ultra-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) were used to determine whether the monomer was baicalin. Biacore was used to verify the affinity kinetics of baicalin, which was validated by pharmacodynamics in vivo. Totally 30 BALB/C mice were randomly divided into three groups: baicalin group, blank group and model group. The blank group was given sodium chloride injection(0.08 mL·kg~(-1)), while the model group and the baicalin group were injected with 4 mg·kg~(-1) bleomycin. The localization of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 protein in the cells and the mRNA expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 were detected by RT-PCR 14 days later. The results of Biacore affinity analysis showed that the peak of binding response between Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills and TGF-β1 protein reached 1 524.0 RU, with specific binding. The affinity constant K_D of baicalin and TGF-β1 was 1.620 06 μmol·L~(-1), which was determined by SPR kinetic analysis, suggesting a stable binding between baicalin and TGF-β1, which verified the results of angulation. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the deposition of cellulose in baicalin group was significantly less than that in model group, the mRNA expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 were decreased in baicalin solution compared with the model group. Baicalin combined with TGF-β1 could inhibit the expressions of mmp2 and timp2 and delay the progress of pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Kinetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate anxiety and/or depression status of patients with chronic lumbocrural pain, and to further analyze related risk factors of anxiety and/or depression .@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of the medical data of patients who suffered from chronic lumbocrural pain caused by lumbar disc herniation and/or lumbar spinal stenosis and received minimally invasive surgery from March 2018 to April 2018. General data (including age, gender, education levels, past history, sleep order and medical insurance), numeric rating scale(NRS), Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) back pain scale and hospital anxiety and depression scale(HADS) were collected for analysis. The basic demographic data and clinic data were analyzed, possible related risk factors associated were analyzed by univariate analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was further used to find the relative independent risk factors and included all the predictive variables with P values less than 0.05 as covariates.@*RESULTS@#A total of 91 patients met the inclusion criteria and finished this study, the mean HADS score for anxiety was 8.1±4.2, 48(52.7%) respondents were screened positive for anxiety, while the rest 43(47.3%) patients had negative anxiety state, the mean HDDS score for depression was 6.9±4.9, 38(41.8%) respondents were screened positive for depression, and the rest 53(58.2%) patients were not depressed, and 56(61.5%) patients experienced anxiety or depression. There were significant difference in sleep disorder, JOA score and leg NRS score between the patients with and without anxiety(P<0.05), and the significant differences were also found in age, sleep disorder and JOA score between the patients with and without depression(P<0.05), Logistic regression analysis further showed that the JOA score and sleep disorder were risk factors for anxiety, and the JOA score was risk factor for depression.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with chronic lumbocrural pain are often accompanied by anxiety and/or depression before minimally surgery, the low JOA score and sleep disturbance increased the risk of presenting anxiety, and the low JOA score increased the risk of developing depression. It is necessary to evaluate mental status and related risk factors before surgery.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Depression , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pain , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Apr; 15(2): 358-364
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213624

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate levels of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18) in human glioma tissues and effects of CCL18 on U251 glioma cells. Materials and Methods: By using the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunochemically histological staining, we determined the mRNA and protein levels of CCL18 in tissues of 60 patients with World Health Organization (WHO) Grades II, III and IV glioma and the normal brain. Cultured U251 glioma cells were incubated with CCL18 and then subjected to transwell. The scratch wound-healing and cell count kit (CCK-8) assays were performed to detect the possible effects of CCL18 on the cell invasion, migration, and proliferation. Results: In the tissues of the normal brain (n = 10), glioma Grade II (n = 26), III (n = 18), and IV (n = 16), CCL18 mRNA expression levels were 1.00 ± 0.09, 6.02 ± 1.26, 26.35 ± 3.98, and 112.21 ± 13.25 fold, respectively (P < 0.01); the percentage of CCL18-positive glioma cells was 0%, 58.8%, 70.0%, and 100% in the normal brain, glioma WHO Grade II, III, and IV, respectively (P < 0.01). Different concentrations of CCL18 (0, 5, and 10 ng/ml) enhanced the of U251 glioma cell invasion in 24 h transwell assays [from 43.5 ± 8.3 to 202.0 ± 18.5 and 279.7 ± 18.6 cells (P < 0.01)], increased the cell migration quantified by comparing the areas of the scratch (pixel) [at 12 h, 498.4 ± 75.3, 381.3 ± 21.4, and 347.7 ± 14.2; at 24 h, 299.5 ± 15.3, 284.6 ± 7.8, and 237.3 ± 20.6 (P < 0.05)], and significantly increased the cell growth in CCK-8 assay [from 1.000 ± 0.019–1.260 ± 0.094 and 2.070 ± 0.138 fold in CCL18, respectively (n = 20/each group) (P < 0.01)]. Conclusion: We have found that CCL18 is highly expressed in glioma tissues and enhances the invasion, migration, and proliferation of U251 glioma cells. Therefore, CCL18 may be a potential biomarker for detecting and grading human glioma

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 98-104, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810461

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficiency and safety of domestic tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) dasatinib (Yinishu) as second-line treatment for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP).@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of clinical data of CML-CP patients who received domestic dasatinib as second-line treatment in the CML collaborative group hospitals of Hubei province from March 2016 to July 2018 was performed. The optimal response rate, the cumulative complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), the cumulative major molecular responses (MMR), progression free survival (PFS), event free survival (EFS) and adverse effects (AEs) of the patients were assessed at 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment.@*Results@#A total of 83 CML-CP patients were enrolled in this study. The median follow-up time was 23 months. The optimal response rates at 3, 6 and 12 months in 83 CML-CP patients treated with dasatinib were 77.5% (54/71), 72.6% (61/75) and 60.7% (51/69), respectively. By the end of follow-up, the cumulative CCyR and MMR rates were 65.5% (55/80) and 57.1% (48/73), respectively. The median time to achieving CCyR and MMR was 3 months. During follow-up time, the PFS rate was 94.0% (79/83) and the EFS rate was 77.4% (65/83). The most common non-hematological AEs of dasatinib were edema (32.5%), rash itching (18.1%) and fatigue (13.3%). The common hematological AEs of dasatinib were thrombocytopenia (31.3%), leukopenia (19.3%) and anemia (6.0%).@*Conclusion@#Domestic dasatinib was effective and safe as the second-line treatment of CML-CP patients and it can be used as an option for CML-CP patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-platelet aggregation function of aspirin in children with Kawasaki disease(KD).METHODS: The clinical data of KD patients who was admitted to Capital Institute of Pediatrics-Peking University Teaching Hospital from September 2016 to September 2018 was retrospectively analyzed. All the children were treated with aspirin routinely:high-dose(30-50)mg/(kg·d)in acute stage and low-dose aspirin(3-5)mg/(kg·d)in the recovery period. Then the light transmission aggregometry(LTA)was used to determine the platelet aggregation rate of different doses of aspirin in order to evaluate the anti-platelet aggregation function,and the risk factors of aspirin resistance(AR)were analyzed by statistical method. RESULTS:(1)The platelet aggregation rate(AA%)after treatment with high-dose and low-dose aspirin in children with KD was 30.3%(1.2%,7.1%)and 2.9%(1.5%,60.4%),respectively,and there was no significant difference in platelet inhibition between different doses of aspirin(P=0.174).(2)The incidence of AR was 9.75%(23/236)in the highdose aspirin group and 8.05%(19/236)in the low-dose aspirin group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of AR between the two groups(P=0.617).(3)In the 19 children with AR and 217 children with aspirin sensitivity(AS)in oral low-dose aspirin treatment group,the age,sex,coagulation,biochemistry and other related indexes did not significantly differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The antiplatelet aggregation function of aspirin in KD children is not related to the dosage. AR is present in the treatment of Kawasaki disease,and the incidence of aspirin resistance is not related to dosage.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776025

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the status of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management in patients with chronic kidney disease(CKD)(stages 1-3)and to explore the interactions between these three variables.Methods Herth Hope Index,self-efficacy scale,and CKD self-management instrument were used to evaluate the patients with CKD(stages 1-3)in PUMC Hospital(=153). Structural equation modeling was used to establish the structural equation model of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management.Results The median score of hope was 40.0(36.0,44.5),and 85.0% of patients were in higher level of hope. The median score of self-efficacy was 8.3(7.1,9.4)and the overall score of self-management was 89.0±13.4. There were no significant differences in level of hope and self-management among patients with different age,gender,marital status,educational level,course of disease,and CKD stages(all >0.05). Age and marriage status were significantly associated with self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly higher in >65 years group than in other age groups(<0.05)and was significantly higher in married group than in single group(<0.05).The level of hope had direct effect on self-efficacy(=0.67,<0.05)and self-management(=0.46,<0.05).Conclusions The levels of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management are high in patients with CKD(stages 1-3). Hope directly affects the self-efficacy and self-management of these patients.


Subject(s)
Hope , Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Psychology , Therapeutics , Self Efficacy , Self-Management
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