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1.
São Paulo; BIREME/OPAS/OMS;CABSIN; dez 2023. 35 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1151624

ABSTRACT

Este informe executivo apresenta os principais achados do mapa de evidências sobre os efeitos da Acupuntura para desfechos em saúde, que representa a evidência de 163 estudos de revisão que analisaram o efeito da acupuntura como intervenção para pelo menos um dos 96 desfechos de saúde organizados em 14 grupos: Câncer e Neoplasias; Dor; Doenças Cardiovasculares; Doenças Respiratórias; Doenças Reumáticas e Musculoesqueléticas; Doenças Nutricionais, Metabólicas e Endócrinas; Doenças do Sistema Nervoso; Dermatopatias; Gastroenteropatias; Indicadores Metabólicos e Fisiológicos; Oftalmopatias e Otorrinolaringopatias; Sinais e Sintomas; Transtornos Mentais; e Outros desfechos. No todo foram 201 associações entre acupuntura e os desfechos de saúde. Para cada associação intervenção-desfecho foi incluído o efeito reportado pelo estudo de revisão.


This executive report presents the main findings of the evidence map on the effects of acupuncture for health outcomes, representing evidence from 163 review studies that analyzed the effect of acupuncture as an intervention for at least one of the 96 health outcomes organized into 14 groups: Cancer and Neoplasms; Pain; Cardiovascular Diseases; Respiratory Diseases; Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Diseases; Nutritional, Metabolic, and Endocrine Diseases; Diseases of the Nervous System; Dermatopathies; Gastroenteropathies; Metabolic and Physiological Indicators; Ophthalmopathies and Otorhinolaryngopathies; Signs and Symptoms; Mental Disorders; and Other outcomes. In total, there were 201 associations between acupuncture and health outcomes. For each intervention-outcome association, the reported effect by the review study was included.


Este informe ejecutivo presenta los principales hallazgos del mapa de evidencia sobre los efectos de la acupuntura en los resultados de salud, representando la evidencia de 163 estudios de revisión que analizaron el efecto de la acupuntura como intervención para al menos uno de los 96 resultados de salud organizados en 14 grupos: Cáncer y Neoplasias; Dolor; Enfermedades Cardiovasculares; Enfermedades Respiratorias; Enfermedades Reumáticas y Musculoesqueléticas; Enfermedades Nutricionales, Metabólicas y Endocrinas; Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso; Dermatopatías; Gastroenteropatías; Indicadores Metabólicos y Fisiológicos; Oftalmopatías y Otorrinolaringopatías; Signos y Síntomas; Trastornos Mentales; y Otros resultados. En total, hubo 201 asociaciones entre la acupuntura y los resultados de salud. Para cada asociación intervención-resultados se incluyó el efecto informado por el estudio de revisión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1388-1395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990348

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the medication adherence and its influencing factors in young newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients during different treatment periods, in order to provide a theoretical basis for formulating precise medication management strategies and thus improving the treatment success rate.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a stratified random sampling method to select 283 young newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients who visited and registered in the Kashgar region of Xinjiang from September 2021 to February 2022. The patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment time of receiving standard chemotherapy regimen: A (1-2 months of medication), B (3-4 months of medication), and C (5-6 months of medication), with 77, 89, and 117 cases, respectively. The clinical data of tuberculosis patients were collected by using the general information questionnaire,Eight-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale and Tuberculosis Medication Adherence Scale for tuberculosis patients.Results:Those who take medication well of three groups of young newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients were 93.5% (72/77), 89.9% (80/89), and 82.1% (96/117), respectively. The difference among the three groups was statistically significant ( χ2=6.23, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that social support was an influential factor for the 1st to 2nd month of medication ( OR=0.536, P<0.05); treatment confidence and psychological status were influential factors for the 3rd to 4th month of medication ( OR=0.668, 2.212, both P<0.05); comorbidity, social support, psychological status, and coping style were influential factors for the 5th to 6th month of medication ( OR values were 0.428 - 9.518, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The relevant factors that affect medication adherence vary among young newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients at different stages of treatment. Accurate medication management strategies should be developed based on the influencing factors at each stage.

3.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1922-1925, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987280

ABSTRACT

Female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) caused by support structure damage or relaxation of the urethra and bladder belongs to the category of “channel sinew disease” in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The pathogenesis of this disease is “loss of nourishment in the channel sinews, and failure to contract because of relaxation”, which can be divided into two situations: deficiency syndrome mainly refers to qi deficiency, closely related to the three zang (脏) organs including lung, spleen, and kidney; and the excess syndrome mainly refers to heat pathogen and blood stasis. Therefore, the treatment principle of “nourishing the channel sinews, regulating sinews and controlling fluid” is proposed. The acupoints in the lower abdomen, lumbosacral region, and lower limbs are mainly selected in the treatment of SUI with channel sinew needling, such as Qihai (RN 6), Guanyuan (RN 4), and Baliao. The selection of acupoints also emphasizes the pain area. Channel sinew needling includes floating needling, round-sharp needling, penetrating needling, and prickly needling, which reflects the integrity of channel sinew system, and emphasizes the local therapeutic effects highlighting arrival of needling effects at the location of disease. The theory of channel sinew opens up new ideas for treating SUI with acupuncture and moxibustion.

4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 519-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982779

ABSTRACT

Epistaxis is a common otorhinolaryngological emergency with complex etiological factors and varied clinical manifestations. The key to epistaxis treatment is accurate diagnosis and adequate hemostasis. Electrocoagulation is a reliable, safe and effective treatment for epistaxis. However, there are still several deficiencies in application of the commonly used electrocoagulation surgical products. This paper introduces a new type of radiofrequency head incorporating the dynamic circulatory functions of drip, irrigation, hemostasis and aspiration. We aim to achieve noninvasive, effective and accurate hemostasis in the treatment of epistaxis or nasal sinus surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epistaxis/surgery , Electrocoagulation , Treatment Outcome , Paranasal Sinuses
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 579-590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982527

ABSTRACT

Platelets are reprogrammed by cancer via a process called education, which favors cancer development. The transcriptional profile of tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) is skewed and therefore practicable for cancer detection. This intercontinental, hospital-based, diagnostic study included 761 treatment-naïve inpatients with histologically confirmed adnexal masses and 167 healthy controls from nine medical centers (China, n = 3; Netherlands, n = 5; Poland, n = 1) between September 2016 and May 2019. The main outcomes were the performance of TEPs and their combination with CA125 in two Chinese (VC1 and VC2) and the European (VC3) validation cohorts collectively and independently. Exploratory outcome was the value of TEPs in public pan-cancer platelet transcriptome datasets. The AUCs for TEPs in the combined validation cohort, VC1, VC2, and VC3 were 0.918 (95% CI 0.889-0.948), 0.923 (0.855-0.990), 0.918 (0.872-0.963), and 0.887 (0.813-0.960), respectively. Combination of TEPs and CA125 demonstrated an AUC of 0.922 (0.889-0.955) in the combined validation cohort; 0.955 (0.912-0.997) in VC1; 0.939 (0.901-0.977) in VC2; 0.917 (0.824-1.000) in VC3. For subgroup analysis, TEPs exhibited an AUC of 0.858, 0.859, and 0.920 to detect early-stage, borderline, non-epithelial diseases and 0.899 to discriminate ovarian cancer from endometriosis. TEPs had robustness, compatibility, and universality for preoperative diagnosis of ovarian cancer since it withstood validations in populations of different ethnicities, heterogeneous histological subtypes, and early-stage ovarian cancer. However, these observations warrant prospective validations in a larger population before clinical utilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood Platelets/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , China
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 393-399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984665

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of the implantable ventricular assist system EVAHEART I in clinical use. Methods: Fifteen consecutive patients with end-stage heart failure who received left ventricular assist device therapy in Fuwai Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were enrolled in this study, their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Cardiac function, liver and kidney function, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, 6-minute walk distance and quality of life were evaluated before implantation and at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after device implantation. Drive cable infection, hemolysis, cerebrovascular events, mechanical failure, abnormally high-power consumption and abnormal pump flow were recorded during follow up. Results: All 15 patients were male, mean average age was (43.0±7.5) years, including 11 cases of dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 cases of ischemic cardiomyopathy, and 2 cases of valvular heart disease. All patients were hemodynamically stable on more than one intravenous vasoactive drugs, and 3 patients were supported by preoperative intra aortic balloon pump (IABP). Compared with before device implantation, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) was significantly decreased ((80.93±6.69) mm vs. (63.73±6.31) mm, P<0.05), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), total bilirubin and creatinine were also significantly decreased ((3 544.85±1 723.77) ng/L vs. (770.80±406.39) ng/L; (21.28±10.51) μmol/L vs. (17.39±7.68) μmol/L; (95.82±34.88) μmol/L vs. (77.32±43.81) μmol/L; P<0.05) at 1 week after device implantation. All patients in this group were in NYHA class Ⅳ before implantation, and 9 patients could recover to NYHA class Ⅲ, 3 to class Ⅱ, and 3 to class Ⅰ at 1 month after operation. All patients recovered to class Ⅰ-Ⅱ at 6 months after operation. The 6-minute walk distance, total quality of life and visual analogue scale were significantly increased and improved at 1 month after implantation compared with those before operation (P<0.05). All patients were implanted with EVAHEART I at speeds between 1 700-1 950 rpm, flow rates between 3.2-4.5 L/min, power consumption of 3-9 W. The 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year survival rates were 100%, 87%, and 80%, respectively. Three patients died of multiple organ failure at 412, 610, and 872 d after surgery, respectively. During long-term device carrying, 3 patients developed drive cable infection on 170, 220, and 475 d after surgery, respectively, and were cured by dressing change. One patient underwent heart transplantation at 155 d after surgery due to bacteremia. Three patients developed transient ischemic attack and 1 patient developed hemorrhagic stroke events, all cured without sequelae. Conclusion: EVAHEART I implantable left heart assist system can effectively treat critically ill patients with end-stage heart failure, can be carried for long-term life and significantly improve the survival rate, with clear clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Heart Failure/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Retrospective Studies , Heart-Assist Devices , Quality of Life
8.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 151-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965854

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To detect the virulence gene of E. coli from calves with diarrhea in Tongliao City,Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,China and analyze its antimicrobial resistance as well as the distribution of antimicrobial resistant genes. Methods The sensitivities of 82 E. coli isolates from the fecal samples of calves with diarrhea to thirteen kinds of antibiotics were determined by disk diffusion test. The carrying statuses of thirteen virulence genes and twelve antimicrobial resistant genes of the E. coli isolates were determined by PCR,based on which the phylogenetic background was investigated. Results Of the 82 pathogenic E. coli isolates,48. 78%(40/82)、31. 71%(26/82)、14. 63%(12/82)and 4. 88%(4/82)belonged to phylogenic groups A,B1,B2 and D respectively,indicating that the prominent one was group A. A total of 11 virulence genes were detected in 82 isolates. The detection rates of irp2,fyuA,eaeA and STb genes were 79. 27%(65/82),63. 41%(52/82),53. 66%(44/82)and 50%(41/82)respectively,while those of other virulence genes were less than 50%,and no tsh or LT1 was detected. The 82 isolates were significantly resistant to 13 kinds of antibiotics,in which the resistant rates to tetracycline,doxycycline and amoxicillin were 100%(82/82),97. 56%(80/82)and 90. 24%(74/82)respectively. All the isolates were mutidrug resistant,most of which were resistant to eight kinds of antibiotics(16/82,19. 51%). A total of twelve antimicrobial resistant genes were detected in the 82 isolates,in which the positive rates of genes resistant to β ‑ lactams(blaTEM),sulfonamide(sul1 and sul2),tetracycline(tetB and tetD)and aminoglycosides(aadB)were more than 70%. Conclusion The 82 pathogenic E. coli isolates mainly belonged to group A,with high detection rates of virulence gene and antimicrobial resistant gene as well as high and multiple drug resistance. The study provided a reference for the prevention and treatment of and clinical medication of E. coli‑associated diseases in calves in Tongliao Region.

9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 156-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in sensitivity between X-ray and three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography (3D-CT) for the diagnosis of distal fibular avulsion fracture, and the radiographic presentation of the ossicle.@*METHODS@#From January to October 2018, 92 patients with distal fibular avulsion fracture were visited for surgical treatment in Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, and 60 cases were finally enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Intraoperative detection was regarded as the gold standard, and the diagnostic sensitivity of preoperative ankle X-ray and 3D-CT for the distal fibular avulsion fractures was statistically determined. The ossicle maximum diameter as well as the degree of its displacement were also measured. On 3D-CT, the distance from the ossicle center point to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a), the distance to the fibular tip (b), and the a/b value was used to present the ossicle displacement.@*RESULTS@#Among the 60 patients, 36 and the 52 patients were correctly detected by X-ray and 3D-CT, respectively, and the sensitivities was 60.0% and 86.7%, respectively (P=0.004). The mean diameter of the ossicle on X-ray and 3D-CT was (9.2±3.9) mm and (10.5±3.2) mm, respectively. The mean distance from the ossicle center to the anterior fibular tuberosity (a) was (17.5±3.6) mm and the mean distance to the fibular tip (b) was (17.4±4.8) mm, with mean a/b values of 1.1±0.7. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for each measurement ranged from 0.891-0.998 with a high degree of consistency.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with X-ray, 3D-CT has higher sensitivity in diagnosing distal fibular avulsion fractures, can help clinicians evaluate ossicle's location and choose surgical methods, and is recommended to be performed in patients with suspected distal fibula avulsion fractures in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibula/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion , Ankle , X-Rays , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Ankle Fractures , Ankle Joint , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 798-802, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the detection of pathogenic microorganisms in umbilical cord blood and maternal blood from 2012 to 2021, so as to improve the collection of umbilical cord blood and guarantee the safety of umbilical cord blood hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) . 【Methods】 Detection results of pathogenic microorganisms of umbilical cord blood and maternal blood among 64 077 cases from Tianjin Cord Blood Bank from 2012 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. 【Results】 A total of, 2 072 cases (3.23%) were detected positive, among which, 184 cases (0.29%) were positive for aerobic bacteria culture, 1 504 cases (2.34%) were positive for anaerobic bacteria culture, and 384 cases (0.60%) were positive for both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria culture. From 2012 to 2021,the overall positive rate showed a downward trend, with a difference in the positive rate between each year (P<0.05). The positive rate of anaerobic bacteria was higher than that of aerobic bacteria and that of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria (P<0.05). After Gram staining, the microscopic detection rate of bacterial positive samples was highest in G- bacilli, followed by G+ bacilli, G+ cocci, G- cocci and others. Among the 64 077 cases, 169 cases (0.26%) showed reactivity in cord blood tests and 1 231 cases (1.92%) showed reactivity in maternal blood tests. Umbilical cord blood and maternal blood HIV-Ag/Ab tests showed reactivity after initial screening. After confirmation by Western blotting, there was 1 case of uncertain maternal blood, while the rest were negative. The reactive rates of anti-TP (0.12%) and anti- HCV (0.11%) in umbilical cord blood were higher than those of HBsAg (0.03%) and CMV-IgM (1/64 077).There was a difference in the reactive rate of anti-TP detection in umbilical cord blood between different years (P<0.05),while there was no statistically significant difference in that of HBsAg, anti-HCV and CMV-IgM (P> 0.05).The reactive rate of HBsAg in maternal blood (1.38%) was higher than that of CMV-IgM(0.29%) , anti-TP(0.13%) and anti-HCV (0.12%) . There were differences in the reactive rates of HBsAg, anti-HCV ,and anti-TP in maternal blood among different years (P<0.05),and that of HBsAg showed a decreasing trend, while the reactive rate of CMV-IgM was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The reactive rates of HBsAg and CMV-IgM detected in maternal blood were significantly higher than those in umbilical cord blood (P<0.05) . The reactive rates of anti-HCV and anti-TP in maternal blood were consistent with those in umbilical cord blood (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 The reactive rates of anti-HIV and CMV-IgM in cord blood, and that of anti-HIV in maternal blood are low, but those of anti-TP and anti-HCV in cord blood are relatively high. The reactive rate of HBsAg is high in maternal blood,but with a downward trend,but low in umbilical cord blood due to maternal-infantile transmission blocking. The detection of transfusion transmitted pathogens and bacteria plays a critical role on the safety of umbilical cord blood HSCs. Effective detection of transfusion transmitted pathogens and culture of bacteria are the key to ensure the quality of umbilical cord blood, which can improve the safety of umbilical cord blood HSCs transplantation.

11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 509-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with infantile tuina on intestinal flora and its efficacy in children with tic disorders (TD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 15 children with TD were recruited as an observation group and 10 healthy children as a healthy control group. Regulating spleen and stomach acupuncture combined with infantile tuina were received in the observation group. First, acupuncture was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), etc., and then abdominal massage and other tuina techniques were applied, once a day, 6 times a week, 2 weeks as a course of treatment, a total of 2 courses of treatment were required. No intervention was given in the healthy control group. In the observation group, Yale global tic severity scale (YGTSS) score and TCM syndrome score were compared before treatment and after 1 and 2 courses of treatment. 16S rRNA sequencing technology was used to detect the intestinal flora in the healthy control group and before and after treatment in the observation group.@*RESULTS@#After 1 and 2 courses of treatment, the scores of YGTSS and TCM syndrome in the observation group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the healthy control group, the number of operational taxonomic units (OTU) and indexes of Chao1, Sobs, Ace and Shannon were decreased in the observation group before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with before treatment, the number of OTU and indexes of Chao1, Sobs, Ace and Shannon were increased in the observation group after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the healthy control group, the relative abundance of Firmicutes in the observation group before treatment was decreased (P<0.001), while the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Bacteroides and Erysipelatoclostridium was increased (P<0.001, P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the observation group was decreased (P<0.001) after treatment, while the relative abundance of Actinobacteria, Bifidobacterium and Atopobium was increased (P<0.05, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with infantile tuina based on the principle of regulating spleen and stomach could effectively improve TD symptoms in children, which may be related to regulating the diversity of intestinal flora, increasing beneficial bacteria, maintaining intestinal microecological balance, and playing a role in improving neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Acupuncture Therapy , Spleen , Tic Disorders
12.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 126-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979601

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To provide data support for the prevention and control of melioidosis by analyzing epidemiological characteristics of melioidosis bloodstream infection and antibiotic resistance of its pathogen in Hainan Province from 2012 to 2021. Methods Data was collected from Hainan Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System, and WHONET 5.6 software was used to merge and analyze data. Results The case numbers of melioidosis bloodstream infection showed an increasing trend year by year from 2012 to 2021. The ratio of male to female patients was 4.6∶1, with 347 cases (58.91%) of patients aged 40-<60, the age group with the highest incidence. The number of cases from July to November were 424 cases (72.0%). Haikou and Sanya reported the largest case number, with 261 and 116 cases respectively. But there were no case reported from central area including Chengmai, Tunchang, Qiongzhong and Baoting. Burkholderia pseudomallei strains were isolated from both blood and other specimens in 105 of the 589 patients, with respiratory tract and wood specimens being the sites with the highest number of strains isolated other than blood; the resistance rates of Burkholderia pseudomallei to five antibiotics showed no obvious trend of change, with the lowest resistance rate to imipenem among the five drugs at 0.6%, followed by ceftazidime at 2.2%. Conclusion During the typhoon season, elderly, middle-aged male in coastal areas should pay attention to avoid or reduce their contact with mud and water. For patients with melioidosis bloodstream infection, imipenem or ceftazidime should be selected as early as possible for initial treatment.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 693-698, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971915

ABSTRACT

So far, liver cancer is still a highly malignant tumor with a high incidence rate in China, and it seriously affects the life and health of Chinese people. Previous studies have shown that the development of liver cancer is associated with various factors such as virus, smoking, drinking, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. With continuous exploration, more and more studies have pointed out that nutritional factors and living environment are associated with the development and progression of liver cancer. Folic acid is a necessary nutrient for cell growth and reproduction, and its level in human body has an impact on the growth of tumor cells and is closely associated with liver cancer. This article reviews the research advances in the association between folic acid and liver cancer in recent years, so as to provide new reference and basis for the prevention and treatment of liver cancer.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 499-510, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927995

ABSTRACT

Under the guidance of the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory of "Zangfu-organs of spleen and stomach" and the modern theory of "microbiota-gut-brain axis", this study explored the effects of Nardostachys jatamansi on the gut microbiota of rats with Parkinson's disease(PD). The 40 SD rats were randomly divided into the control group, PD model group, levodopa group, and Nardostachys jatamansi ethanol extract group. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of rotenone in the neck and back area. After 14 days of intragastric administration, the PD rats' behaviors were analyzed through open field test, inclined plane test, and pole test. After the behavioral tests, the striatum, colon, and colon contents of rats in each group were collected. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression of tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) and α-synuclein(α-syn) in striatum and that of α-syn in colon. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) in striatum and colon. High-throughput sequencing of 16 S rRNA gene was conducted to detect the differences in microbial diversity, abundance, differential phyla, and dominant bacteria of rats between groups. The results indicated that Nar. ethanol extract could relieve dyskinesia, reverse the increased levels of α-syn, TNF-α, IL-1β, and NF-κB in striatum, and improve the protein expression of TH in striatum of PD rats. The α diversity analysis indicated a significant decrease in diversity and abundance of gut microbiota in the PD model. The results of linear discriminant analysis effect size(LEfSe) of dominant bacteria indicated that Nardostachys jatamansi ethanol extract increased the relative abundance of Clotridiaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Anaerostipes, and reversed the increased relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia-Shigella in PD model group to exhibit the neuroprotective effect. In summary, the results indicated that Nar. ethanol extract exert the therapeutic effect on PD rats. Specifically, the extract may regulate gut microbiota, decrease the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, and reduce the protein aggregation of α-syn in the colon and striatum to alleviate intestinal inflammation and neuroinflammation. This study provides a basis for combining the theory of "Zangfu-organs of spleen and stomach" with the theory of "microbiota-gut-brain axis" to treat PD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nardostachys/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 314-318, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935532

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and treatment strategies of pituicytoma. Methods: Twenty-one cases of pituicytoma were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University and Jinling Hospital, Nanjing, China from 2009 to 2020. The clinical data of 21 pituicytoma patients was retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results: Twenty-one patients aged 4 to 68 years, including 8 males and 13 females. All patients underwent surgical treatment. Histologically, the tumor was consisted almost entirely of elongate, bipolar spindle cells arranged in a fascicular or storiform pattern. Mitotic figures were rare. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were diffusely positive for S-100 protein (21/21), vimentin (15/15) and TTF1 (14/14), while they were weakly or focally positive for GFAP (13/16) and EMA (6/12). CKpan was negative in all cases and Ki-67 proliferation index was low (<5%). Among the 18 patients with follow-up, all survived and 2 relapsed after surgery. Conclusions: Pituicytoma is a rare low-grade glioma of the sellar area. It is easily confused with other sellar tumors. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult. It needs to be confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry. Microsurgery is the main treatment method at present.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Craniopharyngioma , Glioma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Pituitary Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2484-2493, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937051

ABSTRACT

This study used pharmacology combined with metabolomics to explore the effect of Amygdalus mongolica total extract on bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. The rat model of pulmonary fibrosis was established by intratracheal injection of bleomycin and treated with the total extract of Amygdalus mongolica. The pathological changes of lung tissue were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson staining, the contents of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in lung tissue were detected, and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), Smad family member 3 (Smad3), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) pathway index expression in lung tissue was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR. UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was used to study serum metabolomics to explore the changing patterns of biomarkers and the metabolic pathways affected by them. The results showed that compared with the model group, the medium (1.5 g·kg-1) and high (3.0 g·kg-1) doses of Amygdalus mongolica total extract could significantly reduce the lung index, significantly increase the activity of SOD in serum and lung tissue, reduce the degree of alveolar inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis, and reduce MDA in serum and lung tissue, and significantly reduce TGF-β1, Smad3, α-SMA mRNA expression in lung tissue. Serum metabolomics profile analysis identified 25 significantly different metabolites, the Amygdalus mongolica total extract can participate in linoleic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and alpha-linolenic acid metabolism by reducing five key biomarkers: lysoPE(0∶0/22∶5(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)), lysoPC(20∶0/0∶0), PC(20∶5(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)/15∶0), 12,13-dihydroxy-9-octadecenoic acid (12,13-DHOME), 9,10-dihydroxy-12-octadecenoic acid (9,10-DHOME) to affect pulmonary fibrosis. This study preliminarily revealed the action mechanism of Amygdalus mongolica total extract against pulmonary fibrosis in rats, and provided a reference basis for the clinical application of Amygdalus mongolica. The animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Baotou Medical College (No.20170315).

17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 333-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936216

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the citation of articles in Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and to explore the strategy for running scientific journals. Methods: Using the Citation Database of Chinese Biomedical Journals, the citations of articles in this journal from 2009 to 2019 were statistically analyzed, and the characteristics of highly cited articles were analyzed. Results: From 2009 to 2019, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery published 2 814 papers. Cited papers accounted for 75.69% of all papers, and each paper was cited 7.24 times. The citation rate of published papers was consistent with the variation trend of citation frequency. Non treatises such as guide consensus and original articles for special issues were cited better. There was no obvious correlation between paper funding and citation. Conclusion: Improving the content quality and optimizing the column setting are important measures to enhance the influence of scientific journals.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Otolaryngology
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 283-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 585 nm Q-switched laser in the treatment of acne inflammatory lesions and postinflammatory erythema.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 patients with moderate facial acne, symmetrical distribution of inflammatory lesions and postinflammatory erythema on both sides of the face, were enrolled. Among the 25 patients, 22 patients completed all the treatment and evaluation, and 3 patients were lost to follow-up. 585 nm Q-switched laser was used on a randomly selected side of the face for three times of treatment at a 2 week interval. The evaluations were made before each treatment, 2 and 4 weeks after the last treatment, therefore the evaluation time points were before the treatment, weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8, respectively, for a total of 5 times. Acne severity was assessed using the investigator' s global assessment (IGA) score, and erythema severity was assessed using the investigator' s subjective erythema score and narrow-spectrum reflectance spectrophotometer at each follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After 3 times of treatment, there was statistically significant difference between the IGA score in week 8 and before treatment on both sides(Z=2.64, P < 0.01; Z=2.67, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in IGA score between the treatment side and the control side before treatment and in week 8 (P=0.59, P=0.26). There was statistically significant difference between the investiga-tor' s subjective erythema score in week 8 and before treatment on the treatment side(Z=4.24, P < 0.01), while no significant difference was showed on the control side(Z=1.73, P=0.08). In week 8, the investigator's subjective erythema score of the treatment side was lower than that of the control side (Z=3.61, P < 0.01). The erythema index of the treatment side was significantly decreased at 5 time points (P < 0.01), and the index decreased significantly in week 8 compared with the index before treatment (P < 0.01), while the erythema index of the control side was not significantly different at 5 time points. The treatment related adverse events included erythema and edema after treatment and pain during treatment, the severity was mild to moderate, which resolved spontaneously within 1 to 3 days. Nine patients were very satisfied with the treatment, 7 patients were satisfied, and 6 patients considered average.@*CONCLUSION@#585 nm Q-switched laser has some effect in the treatment of postinflammatory erythema, and it ensures good tolerance and safety. There was no statistically significant difference between the treatment side and the control side on the improvement of acne inflammatory lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Erythema/etiology , Face , Immunoglobulin A , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 569-571, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of systematic education for primiparas undergoing epidural labor analgesia.Methods:A total of 240 primiparas who were suitable and voluntarily requested epidural labor analgesia, aged 20-35 yr, at 37-41 + 6 weeks gestation, with a singleton fetus, in vertex presentation without fetal abnormality, were selected.According to whether the primiparas and their accompanying family members had received systematic education on epidural labor analgesia during pregnancy, the primiparas were divided into 2 groups ( n=120 each): education group and control group.When the uterine contraction was regular and the diameter of the uterine orifice reached 2 cm or more, epidural labor analgesia was carried out.Before the begining of epidural puncture, the degree of anxiety of pregnant women was evaluated using the self-rating anxiety scale.The time of communication before analgesia, time of placing body position, and satisfaction of puerperae and their family members with labor analgesia were observed and recorded. Results:Compared with control group, the self-rating anxiety scale score was significantly decreased, the time of communication before analgesia and time of placing body position were shortened, and the rate of satisfaction of puerperae and their family members with labor analgesia was increased in education group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Systematic education is helpful in relieving the anxiety of primiparas during epidural labor analgesia, increasing the efficiency of analgesia implementation and improving the delivery experience of puerperae.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 304-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935942

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy of entecavir antiviral therapy on the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) combined with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in Tibet region. Methods: HBeAg-positive CHB patients who were treated with entecavir in the outpatient and inpatient Department of Infectious Diseases of the Tibet Autonomous Region people's Hospital between January 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 140 subjects with CHB, 95 cases were CHB alone, and the other 45 cases were diagnosed as CHB combined with NAFLD by ultrasound. All patients were given entecavir 0.5 mg orally once daily on an empty stomach for 48 weeks. HBeAg negative conversion rate, blood glucose, blood lipid, liver function and the degree of liver fibrosis were compared between the two groups at the 12th, 24th and 48th weeks of treatment to evaluate the virological response. SPSS 19.0 statistical software was used to process the data. Measurement data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (x¯±s). Descriptive statistical analysis was used for t-test, and the categorical variables were expressed as percentage (%) and χ2 test. A p-value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: After 48 weeks of treatment, the HBeAg and HBV DNA negative conversion rate were significantly better in patients with CHB alone (group B) than CHB combined with NAFLD (group A), that is to say, HBeAg negative conversion rate in group A and B patients were 28.90% and 40%, respectively, and group B was better than group A. HBV DNA negative conversion rate was significantly elevated in group B (83.2%) than group A (64.4%), with statistical significance (P<0.05), and the difference between the both groups was statistically significant. Alanine aminotransferase level was significantly decreased in patients with CHB alone than patients with CHB combined with NAFLD. Aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio index was significantly decreased after treatment than before treatment in both group of patients, and the depletion was more pronounced in CHB alone group. Liver stiffness values were significantly decreased in patients with CHB combined with NAFLD than CHB alone group. Moreover, liver stiffness values was higher in group A than group B before treatment under the influence of fat attenuation factors, and the differences before treatment and after treatment were 3.50±4.66 and 2.05±2.53, respectively; however, group B was not affected by fat attenuation factors, so LSM value reduction in group A was more obvious, and the differences were statistically significant. There was no statistically significant difference in blood glucose and blood lipids levels before and after treatment between the two groups. Conclusion: NAFLD has a certain effect on antiviral therapy and liver fibrosis in patients with CHB, i.e., the effect of antiviral therapy in patients with CHB alone is better than patients with CHB combined with NAFLD. Patients with CHB combined with NAFLD when treated with antiviral therapy had a significantly greater degree of liver stiffness reduction than patients with CHB alone. Therefore, it is necessary to actively intervene the risk factors associated with NAFLD according to the actual situation of different individuals to improve clinical efficacy of antiviral therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tibet , Treatment Outcome
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