Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 217
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909574

ABSTRACT

Chaetocin is a natural metabolite product with various biological activities and pharmacological functions isolated from Chaetomium species fungi belonging to the thiodiketopyrazines. Numerous studies have demonstrated a wide range of antitumor activities of chaetocin in vitro and in vivo. Several studies have demonstrated that chaetocin sup?presses the growth and proliferation of various tumour cells by regulating multiple signalling pathways related to tumour initiation and progression, inducing cancer cell apoptosis (intrinsic and extrinsic), enhancing autophagy, inducing cell cycle arrest, as well as inhibiting tumour angiogenesis, invasion and migration. The antitumor effects and molecular mechanisms of chaetocin are reviewed and analysed in this paper, and the prospective applications of chaetocin in cancer prevention and therapy are also discussed. Our review provides the theoretical basis for exploiting the clinical applica?tion of chaetocin in cancer treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the validity of the clinical dementia rating(CDR) for early screening of Alzheimer's disease in the community.Methods:One thousand two hundred and eighty-one community volunteers (580 males and 701 females) came to hospital for clinical interviews, laboratory tests and a series of psychological assessment, including CDR, brief elderly cognitive screening inventory (BECSI), quickly cognitive screening scale for elderly (QCSS-E), mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and core neurocognitive test (CNT). According to clinical interview, assessment and DSM-5 criteria, 623 normal cognition, 570 mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 88 dementia with Alzheimer's type (DAT) were screened.Results:(1) The results of CDR-global scores (CDR-GS)in the community volunteers showed that 506 (39.5%) scored 0, 688 (53.7%) scored 0.5, 72 (5.6%) scored 1, and 15 (1.2%) scored 2 or more.(2) There were significantly differences on the BECSI score, QCSS-E score, MMSE score and CNT score among people with different CDR-GS ( P<0.01). In the total or dementia sample, CDR-sum of box score (CDR-SB) and CDR-GS were significantly correlated with BECSI score ( r=0.577-0.639), QCSS-E score ( r=-0.586--0.680), MMSE score ( r=-0.570--0.764) and CNT score ( r=-0.244--0.357)( P<0.01). (3) The accuracy (95.8%) and specificity (99.8%) of the CDR-GS screening DAT were slightly higher than those of the CDR-SB(91.1%, 92.0%), and its sensitivity (65.9%) was lower than that of CDR-SB(82.5%). The accuracy (72.6%), sensitivity (81.9%) and specificity (64.0%)of the CDR-GS were close to those of CDR-SB(72.1%, 83.3%, and 61.8% respectively) in screening MCI. Conclusion:The CDR can be used for screening of AD in community populations.CDR-GS and CDR-SB have their own advantages, and combination of both advantages can improve the screening efficiency.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create a prediction model that could be used to stratify the risk of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease by using test data based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and general clinical data. Methods:A total of 114 patients with stable coronary artery disease were consecutively enrolled from the Cardiology Coronary Artery Disease Database of our hospital from December, 2014 to December, 2018, all the patients underwent CPET before coronary angiography. LASSO was used for feature selection. A nomogram was formulated based on the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis using the RMS package of R. The predictive power was assessed with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:Seven predictors were identified based on LASSO: coronary angiography results, the maximum value of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (EqCO2max), lymphocyte count, fasting blood glucose levels, cardiac muscle enzyme positivity, blood homocysteine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Combined with clinical experience and weighting analysis, the final four factors were included for Logistic regression modeling: coronary angiography results, EqCO2max, lymphocyte count and fasting blood glucose levels. The area under the curve was 0.875 for the model. Conclusion:EqCO2max and lymphocyte count are key predictors for stable coronary heart disease and can be used to identify patients at high risk for cardiac rehabilitation. A risk stratification model based on CPET and laboratory tests can be used to assess risk stratification for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 283-287, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediating role of doctor-patient relationship between occupational stress and job burnout of medical staffs involved in the prevention and treatment of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) and the regulating role of personality traits. METHODS: A total of 346 medical staffs who are involved in AIDS prevention and treatment from 29 antiviral treatment sites in Yunnan Province were selected as the study subjects using convenience sampling method. The Questionnaire of Doctor-Patient Interaction, Subscale of Feeling Stress, Questionnaire of Chinese Job Burnout, and China′s Big Five Personality Questionnaire(short version) were used to investigate these subjects. The mediating-regulating model was tested with the Process program. RESULTS: The total scores of doctor-patient relationship, occupational stress, personality traits and job burnout were(43.6±9.2),(153.1±29.5),(156.2±17.9) and(67.7±16.8), respectively. The job burnout was associated with doctor-patient relationship and occupational stress(correlation coefficients were-0.31 and 0.24, respectively, all P<0.05). Occupational stress had a direct effect on job burnout(P<0.01). The doctor-patient relationship had a mediating effect between occupational stress and job burnout(P<0.05), which accounted for 13.1% of the total effect. It was regulated by open personality traits(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The doctor-patient relationship has a mediating effect between the occupational stress and job burnout of the medical staffs engaged in AIDS prevention and treatment, and the open personality traits plays a moderating role.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912869

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of muscle regions of meridians warm needling method plus pricking Jing-Well points for blood-letting in improving nail fold microcirculation in the patients with shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) after stroke, and the effects on hemorrheology, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and serum substance P (SP). Methods: A total of 72 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. The control group was treated with physical rehabilitation training, and the observation group was treated with additional muscle regions of meridians warm needling method plus pricking Jing-Well points for blood-letting treatment. The treatment course lasted for 4 weeks. After treatment, the clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared. The changes in shoulder-hand syndrome scale (SHSS), simplified Fugl-Meyer assessment-upper extremity (FMA-UE), visual analog scale (VAS), activities of daily living (ADL), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, nail fold microcirculation hemorheology indictors [whole blood viscosity (high-shear, low-shear), hematocrit, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)], CGRP and SP levels were observed. Results: The total effective rate in the observation group was 86.1%, higher than 63.9% in the control group (P<0.05). The overall curative effect in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of pain sensation, edema, external turn and rotation of the arm in SHSS, and the total score were significantly decreased in both groups (all P<0.05), and each score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of VAS and TCM syndrome in both groups decreased significantly (all P<0.05), and the scores of FMA-UE and ADL increased significantly (all P<0.05). The scores of VAS and TCM syndrome in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05), and the scores of FMA-UE and ADL were higher than those in the control group (both P<0.05). After treatment, the whole blood viscosity (high-shear and low-shear) and hematocrit in both groups decreased obviously (all P<0.05), and ESR increased obviously (both P<0.05), and the whole blood viscosity (high-shear and low-shear) and hematocrit in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05), and ESR was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the peritubular state, loop shape, blood flow and total score of nail fold microcirculation in both groups decreased significantly (all P<0.05), and each score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (all P<0.05). After treatment, SP in both groups decreased obviously (both P<0.05), CGRP increased obviously (both P<0.05), and SP in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), CGRP was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with conventional physical rehabilitation training, muscle regions of meridians warm needling method plus pricking Jing-Well points for blood-letting treatment can significantly reduce the clinical symptoms of SHS, promote the recovery of physical functions, improve the nail fold microcirculation and hemorrheology indictors, and regulate the serum cytokine levels such as CGRP and SP.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912359

ABSTRACT

As a neurodegenerative disease of the retina, glaucoma can cause irreversible vision loss in patients. More and more evidences indicate that systemic blood flow abnormalities, decreased optic nerve blood flow, and retinal microcirculation disorders are related to the mechanism of glaucoma ganglion injury. Optical coherence tomography (OCTA) has the advantages of non-invasive, high resolution, quick inspection, three-dimensional imaging, and quantitative blood flow perfusion. Compared with other blood flow detection methods such as color ultrasound Doppler, laser speckle blood flow imaging, etc. it has higher performance and accuracy, and is easier to be applied in clinical practice. OCTA can not only be used for the early diagnosis and follow-up of glaucoma, but has a strong correlation with retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and visual field parameters; it can also provide objective data for the follow-up of patients with advanced glaucoma to assess the progress of the disease. In the future, OCTA is expected to become a routine detection method and follow-up method for the diagnosis of glaucoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of primary retinitis pigmentosa (RP) complicated with glaucoma.Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From June 2008 to March 2020, the diagnosis of primary RP were included in the diagnosis confirmed by the eye examination of West China Hospital of Sichuan University included 4794 eyes of 2432 patients. Among them, 4679 eyes (97.2%, 2364/2432) were in 2364 cases with RP alone, and 115 eyes were in 68 cases with RP combined with glaucoma (2.80%, 68/2432). All affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and intraocular pressure examination. The BCVA examination was carried out using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into the logarithmic minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. The 67 eyes of 40 patients with RP and glaucoma with complete follow-up data were analyzed to observe the proportion of different glaucoma types, logMAR BCVA, intraocular pressure and other clinical characteristics, as well as treatment methods and post-treatment intraocular pressure control. After treatment, the intraocular pressure ≤21 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa) was regarded as intraocular pressure (IOP) control; >21 mm Hg was regarded as uncontrolled IOP.Results:Among the 67 eyes of 40 cases with complete follow-up data, 5 cases (7 eyes) with primary open-angle glaucoma (10.45%, 7/67), 56 cases (58 eyes) with angle-closure glaucoma (ACG) (86.57%, 58/67), 4 cases (4 eyes) with neovascular glaucoma (5.97%, 4/67), 2 of them had both ACG and neovascular glaucoma. Among 58 ACG eyes, 17 eyes were acute ACG (25.37%, 17/67), 21 eyes were chronic ACG (31.34%, 21/67), and 2 eyes were suspicious angle closure (2.99%, 2/67), lens dislocation secondary to angle-closure glaucoma in 8 eyes (11.94%, 8/67), chronic angle-closure glaucoma after anti-glaucoma surgery, intraocular lens shift in 5 eyes (7.46%, 5/67), 5 eyes (7.46%, 5/67) secondary to glaucoma with true small eyeballs. The logMAR BCVA 3.50 of the affected eye,<3.50->2.00, ≤2.00-≥1.30,<1.30->1.00, ≤1.00- 0.52,<0.52 were 9 (13.43%, 9/67), 30 (44.78%, 30/ 67), 7 (10.45%, 7/67), 4 (5.97%, 4/67), 11 (16.42%, 11/67), 6 (8.96%, 6/67) eyes, which correspond to mean intraocular pressure were 32.31±11.67, 30.15±14.85, 28.17±13.19, 31.50±17.25, 18.71±8.85, 14.12±4.25 mm Hg. Among 67 eyes, 37eyes (55.22%, 37/67), 18eyes (26.86%, 18/67), and 6 (8.96%, 6/67) eyes underwent surgery, medication alone, and peripheral iris laser perforation treatment, respectively. The treatment of 6 eyes was abandoned (8.96%, 6/67). Malignant glaucoma occurred in 3 eyes (8.11 %, 3/37) after the operation, all of which were after trabeculectomy of the ACG eye. After treatment, intraocular pressure was controlled in 37 eyes (55.22%, 37/67), 19 eyes were not controlled (28.36%, 19/67), and 11 eyes were lost to follow-up (16.42%, 11/67).Conclusions:The incidence of glaucoma in patients with primary RP is 2.80%. ACG is more common, and the combined lens dislocation or intraocular lens shift is more common.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1273-1281, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between seizure cluster of temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) and cortisol (COR) rhythm, and understand its mechanism from the perspective of neuroendocrine.Methods:Fifty-seven patients with unilateral TLE-HS were recruited from the Qinghai Provincial People′s Hospital from May 1st 2012 to December 31st 2020. According to the history of seizure clusters one month before admission, 27 patients were enrolled in seizure clusters group (SC group), 30 patients were included in without seizures cluster group (NSC group). The clinical characteristics were systematically analyzed and compared between the SC and NSC groups. Plasma COR levels were measured at 8:00, 16:00 and 24:00 (COR8, COR16 and COR0) on the same day, and bilateral magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) diagnosis was performed in two groups. Independent sample t test, chi-square test, repeated analysis of variance, covariance analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. Results:Time effect, grouping effect and the interaction effect of the time and grouping in the level of COR were statistically significant. Covariance analysis excluded age as an influential factor, COR16, COR0 and the slope of COR8-16 in the SC group [(126.22±19.98) μg/L, (51.63±21.43) μg/L, -7.78±4.54] were higher than the NSC group [(97.70±18.55) μg/L, (31.90±10.73) μg/L, -12.40±4.16], and the difference was statistically significant ( F=5.587, 4.320, 4.013, all P<0.05). The slope of COR0-8 in the SC group (17.11±6.32) was lower than that in the NSC group (20.62±6.54), and the difference was statistically significant ( F=-2.065, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in lateralization of hippocampal sclerosis between the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the ratio of N-acetyl aspartic acid(NAA)/[choline(Cho)+creatinine(Cr)] in the unilateral hippocampal sclerosis zone of the two groups, but the NAA/(Cho±Cr) ratio of the contralateral hippocampus in the SC group (0.71±0.03) was lower than that in the NSC group (0.76±0.06),and the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.999, P=0.029). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that COR16 ( OR=1.328, 95% CI 1.073-1.642, P=0.009), COR8-16 ( OR=3.657, 95% CI 1.404-9.525, P=0.008) were independent risk factors of seizure clusters in TLE-HS. Conclusion:COR rhythm disturbance may be the neuroendocrine basis of seizure clusters in patients with TLE-HS.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery.Methods:A total of 100 patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-30 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective abdominal surgery with general anesthesia requiring tracheal intubation, were enrolled in this study and divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam group (group R) and propofol group (group P). Anesthesia was induced by intravenously infusing propofol 1.0-2.5 mg/kg in group P and remimazolam 0.15-0.35 mg/kg in group R. Sufentanil 0.4-0.5 μg/kg and rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg were intravenously injected in group R and group P. Anesthesia was maintained by intravenously injecting remimazolam 0.3-1.0 mg·kg -1·h -1 in group R and propofol 4-12 mg·kg -1·h -1 in group P. Remifentanil 8-15 μg·kg -1·h -1 was intravenously injected in group R and group P. Narcrotrend index (NI) was maintained at 37-64 (D 0-D 2). The success of sedation, time for loss of consciousness, time of disappearance of eyelash reflex, time when NI dropped to D 0, incidence of tidal volume, respiratory rate and apnea after the patients lost consciousness, duration of stay in post-anesthesia care unit, the fluctuation range of mean arterial pressure at 1, 3 and 5 min of induction, and the development of intraoperative and postoperative adverse events. Results:The success rate of sedation in group R and group P was 100%.Compared with group P, time for loss of consciousness, time of disappearance of eyelash reflex and time when NI dropped to D 0 were significantly prolonged, tidal volume and respiratory rate were increased, the incidence of apnea after the patients lost consciousness was decreased, awakening time was shortened, the incidence of intraoperative sinus bradycardia, injection pain and dream was decreased, fluctuation range of blood pressure at 1, 3 and 5 min of induction was decreased in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Remimazolam can be safely and effectively used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, and its induction dose is 0.15-0.35 mg/kg, and maintenance dose is 0.3-1.0 mg·kg -1·h -1.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1957-1961, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887393

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To observe the long-term effect of Ultra Q:YAG vitreous ablation in the treatment of floaters, and to evaluate the advantages of Ultra Q:YAG over traditional Nd:YAG laser. <p>METHODS: Retrospective study. Totally 112 patients(130 eyes)were diagnosed with vitreous opacity were included and treated with laser vitreous ablation in our hospital from May 2018 to January 2020. All patients were performed the laser treatment for vitreous ablation and divided into groups A and B by different laser types. Group A(60 patients, 70 eyes)underwent Ultra Q:YAG vitreous ablation, and group B(52 patients, 60 eyes)underwent traditional Nd:YAG laser treatment. Then, we divided subgroups by the morphology of vitreous floaters. Subgroup A1(45 patients, 52 eyes)and subgroup B1(30 patients, 38 eyes)both with the morphology of Weiss ring, floccule and dense membrane; Subgroup A2(15 patients, 18 eyes)and subgroup B2(22 patients, 22 eyes)with the morphology of filiform and mesh. We observed the difference of frequency and visual improvement by patients compared to baseline.<p>RESULTS: BCVA: There was no significant difference between groups A1 and A2, groups B1 and B2, group A and group B at baseline(<i>P</i>>0.05). After treatment, there were statistically significant differences in BCVA between group A and group B at 2wk and 1mo. There were statistically significant differences between group A1 and group A2 at 1, 6 and 12mo(<i>P</i>=0.019, 0.042, <0.001). The effect of the laser treatment was significantly different between the two groups, group A was better than group B(<i>P</i>=0.006), group A1 was significantly better than that in group A2(<i>P</i><0.001). Compared to traditional Nd:YAG laser, Ultra Q:YAG laser requires less frequency of laser treatment(<i>P</i><0.001), and had no significant relationship with vitreous opacity(<i>P</i>>0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Ultra Q:YAG is easier to operate, safer and has better subjective symptom improvement than traditional Nd:YAG laser treatment of vitreous floaters, especially for the patients with Weiss ring, floccule and dense membrane.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1952-1956, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887392

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To explore the serum retinol binding protein 4(RBP4), inflammatory index neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio(PLR)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)after diabetic retinopathy(DR)levels and factors affecting the occurrence of DR in patients. <p>METHODS: The clinical data of 142 patients with T2DM who reached the standard of blood glucose control in our hospital from February 2017 to February 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the results of fundus angiography, the patients were divided into Normal group(<i>n</i>=74), NPDR group(<i>n</i>=36)and PDR group(<i>n</i>=32). Compared the general data and blood test indexes of the three groups, and analyzed the factors affecting the occurrence of DR by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Constructed a line chart prediction model to predict the occurrence of DR and evaluated its predictive efficiency. <p>RESULTS: The course of DM, serum GH, IGF-I, LDL-C, UA, RBP4, NLR and PLR in PDR group were significantly higher than those in Normal group and NPDR group, while C-P and 2h C-P were significantly lower than those in Normal group and NPDR group. The course of disease >12a, IGF-I >145μg/L, C-P <0.75ng/mL, UA >245ng/mL, RBP4 >54mg/L, NLR >1.8 and PLR >110 were independent risk factors for DR. The line chart model has high degree of differentiation and calibration, and has good prediction efficiency. <p>CONCLUSION: In addition to the common risk factors such as the course of DM, IGF-I, C-P and UA, the increase of RBP4, NLR and PLR is also related to DR, which may be involved in the occurrence and development of DR.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886094

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the distribution and epidemiological characteristics of influenza pathogens in Huai’an City from 2017-2019, and to provide a scientific basis for prevention and control of influenza. Methods The influenza-like illness (ILI) and outbreaks data was collected from China Influenza Surveillance Information System from 2017 to 2019. A descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the influenza data. Results A total of 103 082 ILI cases were reported in Huai’an City from 2017 to 2019, accounting for 8.96% of the total outpatient and emergency department visits. Winter and spring were the seasons for the high incidence of influenza, and children under 15 years old were the key population with high incidence. A total of 37 influenza outbreaks occurred in the city, with 774 reported cases. The epidemics mainly occurred in kindergartens, elementary schools, and junior high schools. There were 6,730 samples tested in the laboratory, 1,093 were positive for nucleic acid test, and the positive rate was 16.24%. Of the 1,093 positive samples, 417 were tested positive for H1N1 type, accounting for 38.15%; 251 were positive for seasonal H3 type, accounting for 22.96%; 274 were positive for Victoria subtype, accounting for 25.07%; and 151 were positive for Yamagata subtype, accounting for 13.82%. The types of dominant influenza strains alternated, and sometimes several types of influenza viruses coexisted. Conclusion Influenza often occurs in schools and has obvious seasonality. It is recommended that high-risk groups be vaccinated with quadrivalent influenza vaccine.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883361

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) is an important negative costimulatory molecule discovered in recent years, which is expressed on the surface of T and B cells and plays an important role in the regulation of cellular immune response and immune tolerance.After the combination of PD-1 and its receptor programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), negative regulatory signals are transmitted to suppress the immune response.Under the activation of stimulating factors, PD-1 and PD-L1 are combined to weaken the conduction of downstream signaling pathways such as PI3K/Akt and ERK through recruitment of phosphorylated SHP2, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of T cells and the production of cytokines, inhibiting the immune response and participating in the occurrence and development of a large number of inflammatory diseases.PD-1 in the field of ophthalmology research is still in its infancy.As far as we know, PD-1 participates in ocular inflammatory diseases such as uveitis, sympathetic ophthalmia, allergic conjunctivitis, also is involved in corneal transplant rejection, optic nerve crush injury and optic myelitis, diabetic retinopathy, thyroid related ophthalmopathy, melanoma and other diseases, thus preventing the interactions between PD-1 and its receptor PD-L1 may become a new potential target for the treatment of ocular tumor, inflammation, autoimmune and neurodegeneration disease.In this article, the latest research progress of PD-1 and its receptor PD-L1 in the pathogenesis of ocular diseases were reviewed.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879881

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the screening results of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and gene mutation distribution of G6PD deficiency in preterm infants in Chengdu, China, in order to provide a basis for the improvement of G6PD screening process in preterm infants.@*METHODS@#Fluorescent spot test for G6PD deficiency using dried blood spots was used for G6PD screening of 54 025 preterm infants born from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019 in Chengdu, and G6PD enzymology and gene detection were used for the diagnosis of 213 infants with positive screening results.@*RESULTS@#Among the 54 025 preterm infants, 192 were diagnosed with G6PD deficiency, with an incidence rate of 3.55‰. The incidence rate of G6PD deficiency in preterm infants was higher than that in full-term infants in the same period of time and tended to increase year by year. Birth in summer, gestational age T mutation tend to have mild conditions.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genetic Testing , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Mutation
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with Alagille syndrome (ALGS).@*METHODS@#Targeted capture and next generation sequencing was carried out for the proband. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing among his family members. Their pathogenicity of the variant was predicted with bioinformatic analysis. Clinical characteristics and genotype-phenotype correlation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The proband, his elder sister and mother were found to carry a heterozygous c.1270dupG (p.Ala424Glyfs*5) variant of the JAG1 gene, which may lead to premature termination of translation and a truncated protein with loss of function. The variant was unreported previously. The phenotypes of the proband (cholestasis, pulmonary artery stenosis and peculiar faces) have differed from those of his elder sister (cholestasis with pruritus, posterior embryonic ring of cornea) and mother (with no clinical manifestation). Cholestasis and peculiar face of the proband became insignificant with age.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1270dupG (p.Ala424Glyfs*5) variant of the JAG1 gene probably underlay the ALGS in this pedigree with incomplete penetrance.


Subject(s)
Aged , Alagille Syndrome/genetics , Heterozygote , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Pedigree , Phenotype
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881028

ABSTRACT

Four new polyhydroxylated steroids plaksterols A-D (1-4), together with two known related steroids ergost-7,9(11),22-trien-3β,5α,6α-triol (5) and ergosta-6β-methoxy-7,22-diene-3β,5α-diol (6), were isolated from methanol extract of the South China Sea marine sponge Plakortis sp. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis, including NMR, MS, and IR. The cytotoxicity of the polyhydroxylated steroids were evaluated, and compound 6 showed moderate inhibitory activities against K562, HL-60 and BEL-7402 cells.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the differences in clinical characteristics between Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and fulminant Type 1 diabetes mellitus (FT1DM), and to reduce the missed diagnosis, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment of FT1DM by medical staff.@*METHODS@#A total of 101 hospitalized patients with T1DM (including 8 cases of FT1DM) were enrolled in this study from Changsha Central Hospital between June 2012 and December 2018. Clinical characteristics of the 8 FT1DM patients were collected and compared with all T1DM patients.@*RESULTS@#All FT1DM patients were adult with the average age of (30.25±5.28) years old, accompanied by severe diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) occurred within 1 week after onset. Moreover, pancreatic beta cells in these patients were destroyed and the islet-related antibodies were negative, while the serum pancreatic enzyme levels were increased. Compared with classic T1DM patients, the plasma glucose levels in FT1DM patients were much higher [(41.89±12.54) mmol/L vs (22.57±9.74) mmol/L], but glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting C peptide levels were significantly lower [(6.08±0.41)% vs (10.87±2.46%)%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#The onset time of FT1DM patients is very urgent via driving DKA. These patients have higher blood glucose concentration than classic T1DM patients, accompanied by electrolyte disturbances, impaired renal function, partially impaired liver function, as well as gastrointestinal symptoms and elevated trypsin. Most FTDM patients are adolescents and adults with no gender difference, especially pregnant women who are at high risk. Lifelong insulin dependence in FT1DM patients should be paid more attention in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Insulin , Pregnancy , Sex Factors , Young Adult
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880593

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a major outbreak in the world. SARS-CoV-2 infection can not only involve in the respiratory system, but also cause severe nervous system damage. Studies have shown that SRAS-CoV-2 can invade the nervous system through hematogenous and transneuronal pathways, and may cause nervous system damage in patients with COVID-19 by inhibiting cellular immunity, hypoxemia, inflammation, inducing neuronal degeneration and apoptosis, and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) mechanism. It can lead to intracranial infection, toxic encephalopathy, acute cerebrovascular disease, muscle damage, peripheral nervous system injury, acute myelitis, demyelination disease or other nervous system diseases.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Research , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of modified Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang in treating mild to moderate essential hypertension complicated with depression and liver-Yang hyperactivity syndrome.Method:Totally 121 mild to moderate hypertensive patients complicated with depression in line with the inclusive criteria were randomized into treatment group and control group. All of the enrolled patients in treatment group and control group were treated with conventional therapy. In treatment group, patients were given modified Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang, one dose per day. The treatment course lasted for 4 weeks. Blood pressure, patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) score, score of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome, C-reactive protein (CRP), endothelial-dependent vasodilation, and adverse effect were observed in this study.Result:Both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lowered when compared to control group (P<0.05). PHQ-9 score was significantly improved in treatment group (P<0.05). The score of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome was significantly improved in treatment group compared to control group (P<0.05). CRP was significantly improved in treatment group compared with control group (P<0.05). Endothelial-dependent vasodilation was significantly improved in treatment group compared with control group (P<0.05). No severe adverse effect was observed in this research.Conclusion:Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang has a creation clinical efficacy in the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension with depression. In addition to the effect in reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, modified Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Tang was also effective in improving depression, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome and endothelial-dependent vasodilation, and reducing the level of CRP with little adverse effect.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872860

ABSTRACT

Myocardial injury from coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a clinical sign after the novel coronavirus infection, which can be seen in common type and severe type in acute stage, or after recovery of COVID-19. From the mouth and nose, the epidemic and pathogenic factors enter the lung, involving the heart, so that Qi and blood are blocked and developed into myocardial injury. More than 100 patients with COVID-19 and rehabilitation were treated, and we found that some patients infected with novel coronavirus had palpitation, shortness of breath, chest pain, chest oppression, fatigue and other symptoms. Electrocardiogram(ECG) showed myocardial ischemia injury and increased myocardial enzymes, due to the pathological changes of warm pathogen, first invading the lung and reversely spreading to the heart. Myocardial injury due to infection of novel coronavirus, on the one hand, made the patients weak and conditions lingering and hard to heal after COVID-19 was recovered in discharged patients. On the other hand, myocardial injury in severe cases could easily aggravate the disease and even threaten life. According to the different stages of the disease, the severity of the disease, and the patients' physique in the recovery period, different treatment methods were adopted. For the myocardial injury in patients with acute severe COVID-19, Shengmaiyin and Emergency Huiyangtang can be taken, if the poisonous heat disturbs the mind, we can use Angong Niuhuangwan and Zhibaodan as appropriate. For myocardial injury occurred in common type of COVID-19, Zhuye Shigaotang and Shenxiantang can be used. For the pathological changes mainly including myocardial injury after clinical recovery of COVID-19, we can use Shengxiantang, Yangxintang, Chaixiantang and so on. Methods of detoxification, tonifying Qi and Yin, invigorating Qi and ascending Qi collapse, blood circulation and phlegm resolving were used for treatment of myocardial injury from COVID-19, which can not only effectively improve clinical symptoms, but also restore creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB(CPK-MB) and ECG levels to obtain satisfactory results. All of these could reflect that TCM has a notable advantage in the prevention and treatment of this disease.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL