Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 154
Filter
1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 90(1): 101358, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534080

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an aggressive epithelial cancer. The expression of miR-186 is decreased in a variety of malignancies and can promote the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. This study aimed to explore the role and possible mechanism of miR-186 in the metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) of NPC. Methods The expression of miR-186 in NPC tissues and cells was detected by RT-PCR. Then, miR-186 mimic was used to transfect NPC cell lines C666-1 and CNE-2, and cell activity, invasion and migration were detected by CCK8, transwell and scratch assay, respectively. The expression of EMT-related proteins was analyzed by western blotting analysis. The binding relationship between miR-186 and target gene Zinc Finger E-Box Binding Homeobox 1 (ZEB1) was confirmed by double luciferase assay. Results The expression of miR-186 in NPC was significantly decreased, and transfection of miR-186 mimic could significantly inhibit the cell activity, invasion, and migration, and regulate the protein expressions of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin in C666-1 and CNE-2 cells. Further experiments confirmed that miR-186 could directly target ZEB1 and negatively regulate its expression. In addition, ZEB1 has been confirmed to be highly expressed in NPC, and inhibition of ZEB1 could inhibit the activity, invasion, metastasis and EMT of NPC cells. And co-transfection of miR-186 mimic and si-ZEB1 could further inhibit the proliferation and metastasis of NPC. Conclusion miR-186 may inhibit the proliferation, metastasis and EMT of NPC by targeting ZEB1, and the miR-186/ZEB1 axis plays an important role in NPC.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1517-1521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997218

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the neglect status of children aged 3-6 years old from non-only-child families in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and influencing factors, so as to provide assistance for the healthy growth of preschool children from non-only-child families.@*Methods@#From April to June 2022, 2 882 parents of preschool children from 15 kindergartens were selected in urban areas of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei by randomized cluster sampling method, and were investigated with general information and neglect experiences. The χ 2 test, t-test and ANOVA were used to compare the neglect status of different categories of preschool children, and the binary Logistic regression method was used to analyze the influencing factors of the neglect of preschool children who were not only children.@*Results@#The detection rate of neglect among children aged 3-6 years from non-only-child families in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region was 33.47%, the detection rate of neglect among children from only-child families was 9.24%, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=261.94, P <0.01). The neglect score for children aged 3-6 years in non-only-child families was (42.35±7.52), the neglect score for onechild families was (38.16±6.56), and the difference was also statistically significant ( t=15.95, P <0.01). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that family income <4 000 yuan/month ( OR= 2.75, 95%CI =1.18-6.32), grandparents or other relatives as the primary guardian ( OR=2.18, 95%CI =1.35-3.52), and poor parental relationship ( OR=2.64, 95%CI =1.42-3.87), average ( OR=2.31, 95%CI =1.32-4.01) non-only-child preschoolers had a higher risk of neglect ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Neglect is prevalent among 3-to 6-year-old children from non-only-child families in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. Targeted intervention measures based on influencing factors should be taken to reduce neglect among preschool children.

3.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 774-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997159

ABSTRACT

@#Excessive gestational weight gain has already become a global clinical and public health problem that seriously affects maternal health. Excessive gestational weight gain not only increases the cesarean section rate and induces adverse pregnant outcomes, but also affects offspring development and health. This article reviews the effects of excessive weight gain during pregnancy on offspring health and its underlying mechanisms. Excessive gestational weight gain may increase the risk of obesity, cardiovascular diseases, infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, mental or psychological illness among offspring, and the pathophysiological mechanisms include inflammatory response, intestinal flora dysbiosis and epigenetics theory. However, further studies are required to validate these hypotheses and to evaluate the effect of excessive weight gain at different gestational stages on offspring health, so as to provide insights into reasonable management of weight gain during pregnancy and improvements of offspring health.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 553-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979985

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the association of long working hours and shift work with occupational stress among medical staff in level A tertiary hospitals, so as to provide insights into promotion of physical and mental health among medical personnel. @*Methods@#One level A tertiary hospital was sampled using a stratified cluster sampling method from southern and northern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and all medical personnel were recruited from these two hospitals. Participants' demographics, working duration, and working in shifts were collected using questionnaires, and occupational stress was measured using the Core Scale for Measurement of Occupational Stress proposed by National Institute for Occupational Health and Poison Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The associations of long working hours (weekly working duration of >40 hours) and shift work with occupational stress were examined using a multiple linear regression model.@*Results@#A total of 2 529 questionnaires were allocated, and 2 262 were valid, with an effective rate of 89.44%. The respondents had a mean age of (35.12±8.71) years, and included 1 696 women (74.98%). Of all respondents, there were 722 doctors (31.92%), 1 033 nurses (45.67%), 361 medical or pharmaceutical technicians (15.96%), 1 808 with long working hours (79.93%) and 1 264 with shift work (55.88%). The score of occupational stress was (44.79±8.49) points, and the prevalence of occupational stress was 28.69% among respondents. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that after adjustment for age, marital status, length of service, position, smoking and physical exercise, long working hours (>40 h, β'=0.124; >48 h, β'=0.175; ≥55 h, β'=0.323) and shift work (β'=0.203) were influencing factors for occupational stress among medical personnel(P<0.05); however, there was no interaction between long working hours and shift work (P>0.05). @*Conclusion@#Long working hours and shift work may increase the risk of occupational stress among medical personnel in level A tertiary hospitals.

5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 39-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974126

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To find out the existing problems and provide reference for further improving the quality of report information by analyzing the report cards of COVID-19 and the positive report cards of primary screening reported in Ningxia. Methods All COVID-19 case cards from 2020 to 2021 and initial screening positive cards were derived from the Chinese Information System for Disease Control and Prevention according to final review date. The timeliness of case reporting, timeliness of case review, completeness and accuracy of the case cards were analyzed. Results In Ningxia, the first case of COVID-19 was reported on January 20, 2020, and as of December 31, 2021, 122 confirmed cases and 4 symptomatic infected cases were reported. In 2021, the timely reporting rate of COVID-19 was 98.00%, which increased by 8.24% compared with 2020 (90.54%). Compared with 2020, the average time limit for diagnosis to reporting of COVID-19 in 2021 was shortened by 83.12%; in 2021, the timely review rate of COVID-19 was 100.00%, which increased by 13.84% compared with 2020 (87.84%). Compared with 2020, the time from reporting to final review was shortened by 98.91%. In 2021, the timely rate of positive reports in COVID-19 in Ningxia was 90.00%, among which the timely rate of reports by county (district) nucleic acid detection institutions was the highest (92.31%), followed by municipal (91.67%) and autonomous region (81.82%). Conclusions At the beginning of the epidemic in 2020, the timeliness of COVID-19 in Ningxia was poor, and through the implementation of measures such as technical training, supervision and inspection to continuously optimize the staffing of medical institutions and disease control institutions, the timeliness of reporting COVID-19 in Ningxia in 2021 was substantially improved, but there were still some weak links. In the future work, technical guidance and training should be carried out for weak links, and efforts should be made to improve the quality of reports.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 782-785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974004

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Myopia has become a major global public health problem. Exposure to outdoor light may explain the protective effect of outdoor activities on myopia. Currently, a growing number of studies focus on the effects of the spectrum on eye health. Recent studies have found that violet light may have a protective effect on myopia, but the mechanism of action between violet light and myopia is not yet fully understood. The paper reviews the association between violet light and myopia prevention and control, and the possible mechanisms of violet light and myopia to provide a reference value for further exploration of the role of violet light on myo pia .

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 331-340, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970067

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, is characterized by synovitis and progressive damage to the bone and cartilage of the joints, leading to disability and reduced quality of life. This study was a randomized clinical trial comparing the outcomes between withdrawal and dose reduction of tofacitinib in patients with RA who achieved sustained disease control.@*METHODS@#The study was designed as a multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Eligible patients who were taking tofacitinib (5 mg twice daily) and had achieved sustained RA remission or low disease activity (disease activity score in 28 joints [DAS28] ≤3.2) for at least 3 months were enrolled at six centers in Shanghai, China. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to one of three treatment groups: continuation of tofacitinib (5 mg twice daily); reduction in tofacitinib dose (5 mg daily); and withdrawal of tofacitinib. Efficacy and safety were assessed up to 6 months.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 122 eligible patients were enrolled, with 41 in the continuation group, 42 in the dose-reduction group, and 39 in the withdrawal group. After 6 months, the percentage of patients with a DAS28-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of <3.2 was significantly lower in the withdrawal group than that in the reduction and continuation groups (20.5%, 64.3%, and 95.1%, respectively; P  < 0.0001 for both comparisons). The average flare-free time was 5.8 months for the continuation group, 4.7 months for the dose reduction group, and 2.4 months for the withdrawal group.@*CONCLUSION@#Withdrawal of tofacitinib in patients with RA with stable disease control resulted in a rapid and significant loss of efficacy, while standard or reduced doses of tofacitinib maintained a favorable state.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR2000039799.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , China , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Piperidines/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Pyrroles/therapeutic use
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 182-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969823

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical and chest computed tomography (CT) features and the outcome of immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis (CIP). Methods: Clinical and chest CT data of 38 CIP patients with malignant tumors from the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between August 2017 and April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed, and the outcomes of pneumonitis were followed up. Results: The median time from the administration of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to the onset of CIP was 72.5 days in 38 patients with CIP, and 22 patients developed CIP within 3 months after the administration of ICIs. The median occurrence time of CIP in 24 lung cancer patients was 54.5 days, earlier than 119.0 days of non-lung cancer patients (P=0.138), with no significant statistical difference. 34 patients (89.5%) were accompanied by symptoms when CIP occurred. The common clinical symptoms were cough (29 cases) and dyspnea (27 cases). The distribution of CIP on chest CT was asymmetric in 31 cases and symmetrical in 7 cases. Among the 24 lung cancer patients, inflammation was mainly distributed ipsilateral to the primary lung cancer site in 16 cases and diffusely distributed throughout the lung in 8 cases. Ground glass opacities (37 cases) and consolidation (30 cases) were the common imaging manifestations, and organizing pneumonia (OP) pattern (15 cases) was the most common pattern. In 30 CIP patients who were followed up for longer than one month, 17 cases had complete absorption (complete absorption group), and 13 cases had partial absorption or kept stable (incomplete absorption group). The median occurrence time of CIP in the complete absorption group was 55 days, shorter than 128 days of the incomplete absorption group (P=0.022). Compared with the incomplete absorption group, there were less consolidation(P=0.010) and CIP were all classified as hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) pattern (P=0.004) in the complete absorption group. Conclusions: CIP often occurs within 3 months after ICIs treatment, and the clinical and CT findings are lack of specificity. Radiologic features may have a profound value in predicting the outcome of CIP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e12252, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403899

ABSTRACT

Nanosized copper particles (nano Cu) have been incorporated into products in multiple industries, although studies have demonstrated that these particles are nephrotoxic. We investigated the cytotoxicity of nanosized copper particles on rat mesangial cells and measured rates of apoptosis, the expression of caspase-3, and generation of reactive oxygen species. We also measured autophagy through the acridine orange (AO) staining and expression of Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3, and p62 to screen the underlying mechanism of toxicity. Nanosized copper particles inhibited mesangial cell viability, up-regulated the activity of caspase-3, and increased the rates of apoptosis and the generation of reactive oxygen species in a concentration-dependent manner. Exposure to nano Cu increased the formation of acidic vesicular organelles and the expression of Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3, and p62, and treatment with an autophagy inhibitor reduced nephrotoxicity. This indicated that the autophagy pathway is involved in the toxicity induced by nanosized copper particles to mesangial cells. This finding can contribute to the development of safety guidelines for the evaluation of nanomaterials in the future.

10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 370-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935223

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of pretreatment 18F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT) in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Methods: Eighty-one patients with pathologically confirmed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and pretreatment with PET-CT scan in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2006 to December 2017 were enrolled in the study. The clinical, follow-up and imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. The relationship between maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) and prognosis were evaluated by Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman rank correlation analysis. Results: Among the 81 patients, 98.8% (80/81) were upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) involved. Lesions at extra-UAT sites were detected in 7 cases, involving parotid gland (n=1), breast (n=1), spleen (n=1), pancreas (n=1), skin and subcutaneous soft tissue (n=1), muscle (n=1), lung (n=2) and bone (n=3). Lymph node involvement were demonstrated in 33 cases. All of the lesions had increased uptake of PET, the median SUVmax was 8.6. PET-CT changed staging in 15 cases, and 12 cases were adjusted treatment methods. 21 cases were changed radiotherapy target because of PET-CT. The 1-, 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 88.7% and 80.3% while 1-, 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 97.2% and 94.4% respectively. The median SUVmax of patients with local lymph nodes involvement was significantly higher than those without local lymph nodes involvement (P=0.007). The SUVmax was positively associated with Ann Arbor stage (r=0.366, P=0.001), lactate dehydrogenase (r=0.308, P=0.005) and Ki-67 level (r=0.270, P=0.017). The SUVmax was inversely associated with lymphocyte count (r=-0.324, P=0.003) and hemoglobin content (r=-0.225, P=0.043). Conclusions: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma predominantly occurs in extra-nodal organs, mainly in the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, with marked FDG-addiction. Compared with conventional imaging, 18F-FDG PET-CT is sensitive and comprehensive in detecting extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma involvement, assisting in accurate clinical staging and treatment planning. Pretreatment SUVmax is potential for prognosis evaluation since it is correlated with prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/radiotherapy , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Prognosis , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 6-10, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907050

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the status of occupational stress and analyze its influencing factors among frontline employees working in a chemical fiber manufacturing enterprise, so as to provide insights into the development of occupational stress interventions. @*Methods @#The frontline employees working in a chemical fiber manufacturing enterprise were selected as the study subjects using a cluster sampling method in October 2018. The status of occupational stress was investigated using the Chinese version of the effort-reward imbalance ( ERI ) questionnaire. The influencing factors for occupational stress were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results @#A total of 1 780 questionnaires were sent out, and 1 115 valid ones ( 62.64% ) were recovered. Among the 1 115 respondents, there were 427 men ( 38.30% ) and 688 women ( 61.70% ), and 71.22% were at ages of 21 to 39 years. There were 561 respondents with < 1 year of service ( 50.31% ), and the longest length of service was 11 years. In addition, there were 1 069 respondents ( 95.87% ) exposed to high noise, and 346 respondents ( 31.03% ) were diagnosed at a high occupational-stress state and 769 ( 68.97% ) at a low state. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified 5 years or longer of service ( OR=1.540, 95%CI: 1.057-2.245 ) and exposure to high noise ( OR=1.917, 95%CI: 1.004-3.659 ) as risk factors for occupational stress among frontline employees in the chemical fiber manufacturing enterprise. @*Conclusions @#There are 31.03% of frontline employees at a high occupational-stress state in the chemical fiber manufacturing enterprise, and a high occupational-stress state is associated with exposure to high noise and 5 years or longer of service.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 894-897, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934833

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical fitness and physiological function level of children and adolescents with different nutritional status in Beijing Tianjin Hebei Region, and to provide reference for physical health promotion and intervention of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#From September to December 2019, 4 424 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years old in Beijing Tianjin Hebei Region were tested for different nutritional status, physical fitness and physiological function by using stratified cluster sampling method.@*Results@#The detection rates of malnutrition, normal, overweight and obesity were 7.93%, 67.36% and 24.71%, respectively.There were differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, vital capacity body mass index, grip strength body mass index, oblique pull up/pull up, standing long jump, 50 m running, 1 000 m running, and BMI in boys with different nutritional status statistical significance ( Z =9.6, 55.2, 118.6, 332.5, 122.8, 15.6, 49.5, 47.5, 12.6, 113.5, P <0.01); There were differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, vital capacity body mass index, grip strength body mass index, sit up for 1 minute, standing long jump, 50 m running, 800 m running and physical fitness index in girls with different nutritional status statistical significance ( Z =33.9, 24.5, 46.5, 262.5, 102.6, 32.5, 27.5, 33.6, 27.6, 51.6, P <0.01). Correlation analysis showed that the nutritional status of boys was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, 50 m running, and 1 000 m running ( r =0.27, 0.31, 0.14, 0.16, P <0.05), and was correlated with heart rate, vital capacity, body mass index, grip strength body mass index, oblique pull up/pull up, standing long jump, and BMI were negatively correlated ( r =-0.07, -0.62, -0.41, -0.21, -0.35, -0.29, P <0.05); nutritional status of girls it was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and 800 m running ( r =0.21, 0.27, 0.22, P <0.05), and negatively correlated with heart rate, vital capacity BMI, grip strength BMI, and BMI ( r =-0.12, -0.49, -0.32, -0.18, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The nutritional status of children and adolescents in Beijing Tianjin Hebei Region is related to physical fitness and physiological function. Overweight and obese child have lower physical fitness and physiological function. In the future, childhood overweight and obesity should be effectively controlled to better promote the development of physical fitness and physiological function.

13.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 57-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987451

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the moderating effect of psychological resilience in relation to depressive symptoms and suicidal risk among adolescents. MethodsThe research is a descriptive survey. A total of 71 137 adolescents were selected from 163 schools in Deyang by stratified cluster sampling. Their psychological resilience, depressive symptoms and suicide risks were measured oneline by using 10-item Connor-davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RICS-10), Patients’ Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item (PHQ-9) and Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R). The moderating effect of psychological resilience in relation to depressive symptoms and suicidal risk was examined by multivariate stratified regression analysis. Results① The score of CD-RISC-10 was negatively related to PHQ-9 score and SBQ-R score (r=-0.305, -0.268, P<0.01). ② Psychological resilience significantly moderated the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidal risk (β=-0.100, t=-31.716, P<0.01). ③ In both male and female adolescents, resilience played a significant role in depressive symptoms and suicide risk (β=-0.086, -0.084, t=-17.502, -18.839, P<0.01). ConclusionPsychological resilience could significantly alleviate the impact of high-level depressive symptoms on suicidal risk among adolescents, and this effects both male and female adolescents.

14.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 309-319, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970698

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively evaluate the associations of infarct size, regional myocardial function examined by cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) strain analysis with infarct location in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention.Methods Cardiac magnetic resonance images were retrospectively analyzed in 95 consecutive STEMI patients with successful reperfusion. The patients were divided into the anterior wall myocardial infarction (AWMI) and nonanterior wall myocardial infarction (NAWMI) groups. Infarct characteristics were assessed by late gadolinium enhancement. Global and regional strains and associated strain rates in the radial, circumferential and longitudinal directions were assessed by CMR-FT based on standard cine images. The associations of infarct size, regional myocardial function examined by CMR-FT strain analysis with infarct location in STEMI patients were evaluated by the Spearman or Pearsonmethod. Results There were 44 patients in the AWMI group and 51 in the NAWMI group. The extent of left ventricular enhanced mass was significantly larger in patients with AWMI compared with the NAWMI group (24.47±11.89, 21.06±12.08 %LV; t=3.928, P = 0.008). In infarct zone analysis, strains in the radial, circumferential and longitudinal directions were remarkably declined in the AWMI group compared with the NAWMI group (z=-20.873, -20.918, -10.357, all P < 0.001). The volume (end-systolic volume index), total enhanced mass and extent of enhanced mass of the left ventricular were correlated best with infarct zone strain in the AWMI group (all P < 0.001). Conclusion In STEMI patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention, myocardial damage is more extensive and regional myocardial function in the infarct zone is lower in the AWMI group compared with the NAWMI group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction/therapy , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine/methods , Gadolinium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Stroke Volume
15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 745-752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939976

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of a perioperative rehabilitation clinical pathway of acetabular fracture in light of orthopedics rehabilitation team approach. MethodsA prospective randomized control trial was conducted in 82 patients with acetabular fractures who had been admitted from the Emergency Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from June, 2019 to January, 2021. The patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 41) and intervention group (n = 41). The control group was managed routinely, while the intervention group received the rehabilitation clinical pathway, for 24 weeks. The Visual Analogue Score (VAS) of pain, the Barthel Index (BI) and Majeed Pelvic Score were compared. ResultsFinally, 76 patients completed the trial. There was no statistical difference in VAS score between two groups in all periods (|Z| < 1.926, P > 0.05). The BI score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group at discharge, two weeks, six weeks and twelve weeks after operation (|Z| > 2.121, P < 0.05); and no significant difference was found before operation and 24 weeks after operation (|Z| < 1.862, P > 0.05). Majeed Pelvic Score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group two weeks, six weeks, twelve weeks and 24 weeks after operation (|Z| > 2.428, P < 0.05). Six, twelve and 24 weeks after operation, the excellent rate of Majeed Pelvic Score was higher in the intervention group than in the control group (χ2 > 6.136, P < 0.05). ConclusionIn comparison with traditional protocol in acetabular fracture, the perioperative rehabilitation clinical pathway was proved effective and of great safety in the light of the integration of orthopedics and rehabilitation mode for improving the function and activities of daily living of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 447-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional outcomes and postoperative complications of Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Clinical data of 100 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (64 cases), Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (24 cases), Lishui Central Hospital (10 cases), Huzhou Central Hospital (1 case) and Ningbo Lihuili Hospital (1 case) from September 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 100 patients, 64 were males and 36 were females; the mean age was (61.3 ± 11.1) years and the BMI was (22.7±11.1) kg/m(2). For TNM stage, 68 patients were stage IA, 24 were stage IIA and 8 were stage IIB. Postoperative functional results and postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy with Giraffe reconstruction were analyzed and summarized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) score and postoperative endoscopy were used to evaluate the occurrence of reflux esophagitis and its grade (grade N, grade A, grade B, grade C, and grade D from mild to severe reflux). The continuous data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as (mean ± standard deviation), and those with skewed distribution were presented as median (Q1, Q3). Results: All the 100 patients successfully completed R0 resection, including 77 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 23 patients undergoing laparotomy. The Giraffe anastomosis time was (38.6±14.0) min; the blood loss was (73.0±18.4) ml; the postoperative hospital stay was 9.5 (8.2, 13.0) d; the hospitalization cost was (6.0±0.3) ten thousand yuan. Fourteen cases developed perioperative complications (14.0%), including 7 cases of pleural effusion or pneumonia, 3 cases of anastomotic leakage, 2 cases of gastric emptying disorder, 1 case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 1 case of anastomotic stenosis, who were all improved and discharged after symptomatic management. Patients were followed up for (33.3±1.6) months. Eight patients were found to have reflux symptoms by RDQ scale six months after surgery, and 11 patients (11/100,11.0%) were found to have reflux esophagitis by gastroscopy, including 6 in grade A, 3 in grade B, and 2 in grade C. All the patients could control their reflux symptoms with behavioral guidance or oral PPIs. Conclusion: Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction has good anti-reflux efficacy and gastric emptying function; it can be one of the choices of reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Laparoscopy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 502-506, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924088

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship among physical activity, sleep duration and screen time and overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, and to provide reference for children and adolescents in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region to maintain healthy physique.@*Methods@#In November 2019, 4 262 primary and secondary school students in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region were surveyed on physical activity, sleep status and screen time according to the physical activity guidelines for children and adolescents, and the relationship between overweight and obesity was analyzed by Logistic regression.@*Results@#The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region was 22.03%. The positive rate of overweight was 12.01% and obesity was 10.02%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in male students (26.09%) was higher than that in female students (17.88%), the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2=41.77, P < 0.01 ). The prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban children (24.09%) and Han children (22.74%) was significantly higher than that in rural areas (21.05%) and ethnic minorities (17.70%) ( χ 2=5.00, 7.63, P <0.05). The proportion of children who met physical activity, screen time and sleep duration guideline was 24.85%, 38.69% and 57.09%, respectively. A total of 21.68% of children and adolescents did not meet the guideline of physical activity, screen time and sleep duration, among which 42.80% and 28.77% met the guideline for one or two out of three behaviors, respectively. Only 6.76% of children and adolescents met the guideline of all three behaviors. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of overweight and obesity was negatively correlated with sleep duration ( OR=0.72, 95%CI =0.52-0.98). The risk of overweight and obesity was lower in patients with 2 criteria than in those with less sleep duration and less screen time ( OR=0.57, 95%CI =0.36-0.87).@*Conclusion@#Percentage of sufficient physical activity among children and adolescents in Beijing Tianjin Hebei region is low, and ensuring sufficient sleep duration is helpful for overweight and obesity prevention. The impact of sleep duration and screen time on overweight and obesity in children and adolescents should be considered in childhood obesity prevention and control.

18.
Clinics ; 76: e2604, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak has catastrophically threatened public health worldwide and presented great challenges for clinicians. To date, no specific drugs are available against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) appear to be a promising cell therapy owing to their potent modulatory effects on reducing and healing inflammation-induced lung and other tissue injuries. The present pilot study aimed to explore the therapeutic potential and safety of MSCs isolated from healthy cord tissues in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Twelve patients with COVID-19 treated with MSCs plus conventional therapy and 13 treated with conventional therapy alone (control) were included. The efficacy of MSC infusion was evaluated by changes in oxygenation index, clinical chemistry and hematology tests, immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, and pulmonary computerized tomography (CT) imaging. The safety of MSC infusion was evaluated based on the occurrence of allergic reactions and serious adverse events. RESULTS: The MSC-treated group demonstrated significantly improved oxygenation index. The area of pulmonary inflammation decreased significantly, and the CT number in the inflammatory area tended to be restored. Decreased IgM levels were also observed after MSC therapy. Laboratory biomarker levels at baseline and after therapy showed no significant changes in either the MSC-treated or control group. CONCLUSION: Intravenous infusion of MSCs in patients with COVID-19 was effective and well tolerated. Further studies involving a large cohort or randomized controlled trials are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord , Pilot Projects , Betacoronavirus
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 198-202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influences of neutrophilic granule protein (NGP) on nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced macrophages and the regulatory mechanism.Methods:NGP highexpression RAW264.7 cells (NGP/RAW) and negative control empty vector cells (NC/RAW), NGP knockout RAW264.7 cells (NGP KO/RAW) and wild-type cells (WT/RAW) were cultured in vitro. Cells in logarithmic phase were stimulated with 10 mg/L LPS (LPS group) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS group) respectively. The content of NO in the supernatant was detected by Griess method. The mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was detected by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The protein expressions of iNOS and phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (p-STAT1) were detected by Western blotting.Results:Compared with PBS group, iNOS mRNA and NO expression were significantly increased at different time after LPS stimulation, the mRNA expression of iNOS peaked at 12 hours after LPS stimulation (2 -ΔΔCt: 38.45±1.34 vs. 1.00±0.00 in NC/RAW cells, 56.24±2.41 vs. 1.45±0.30 in NGP/RAW cells, 37.84±1.52 vs. 1.00±0.00 in WT/RAW cells, 5.47±0.62 vs. 0.98±0.40 in NGP KO/RAW cells, all P < 0.05), and the production of NO peaked at 24 hours after LPS stimulation (μmol/L: 24.15±1.26 vs. 0.15±0.04 in NC/RAW cells, 58.80±2.11 vs. 0.18±0.02 in NGP/RAW cells, 25.04±1.80 vs. 0.16±0.02 in WT/RAW cells, 2.42±0.38 vs. 0.12±0.03 in NGP KO/RAW cells, all P < 0.05). After being stimulated by LPS, the expression of iNOS mRNA and NO in NGP/RAW cells were increased significantly compared with NC/RAW cells [iNOS mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 8.42±0.59 vs. 4.63±0.37 at 2 hours, 27.16±1.60 vs. 14.25±1.02 at 6 hours, 56.24±2.41 vs. 38.45±1.34 at 12 hours; NO (μmol/L): 4.12±0.25 vs. 2.23±0.17 at 6 hours, 16.50±1.52 vs. 6.35±0.39 at 12 hours, 58.80±2.11 vs. 24.15±1.26 at 24 hours, all P < 0.05]. At the same time, the protein expressions of p-STAT1 and iNOS were also significantly enhanced (p-STAT1/GAPDH: 4.26±1.84 vs. 1.00±0.32 at 0 hours, 20.59±4.97 vs. 0.93±0.21 at 2 hours, 141.99±10.99 vs. 11.17±2.11 at 6 hours; iNOS/GAPDH: 1.27±0.86 vs. 1.00±0.22 at 0 hours, 7.94±1.94 vs. 2.01±0.92 at 2 hours, 24.24±4.88 vs. 3.72±1.11 at 6 hours, all P < 0.05), indicating that NGP might increase the expression of iNOS by promoting the phosphorylation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) pathway, thereby increasing the production of NO. After being stimulated by LPS, the expression of iNOS mRNA and NO in NGP KO/RAW cells were significantly lower than that of WT/RAW cells [iNOS mRNA (2 -ΔΔCt): 2.46±0.31 vs. 4.22±0.18 at 2 hours, 3.61±0.44 vs. 13.02±1.34 at 6 hours, 5.47±0.62 vs. 37.84±1.52 at 12 hours; NO (μmol/L): 1.22±0.19 vs. 2.01±0.12 at 6 hours, 1.60±0.44 vs. 5.15±0.62 at 12 hours, 2.42±0.38 vs. 25.04±1.80 at 24 hours, all P < 0.05]. It showed that iNOS activation was reduced after NGP knockout, which in turn reduced NO production. Conclusion:NGP can positively regulate NO production in activated macrophages by activating the STAT1/iNOS pathway.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL