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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 104-110, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907021

ABSTRACT

OBJECT IVE To deeply unders tand the utilization of monoclonal antibody drugs in different levels of medical institutions in China ,so as to provide an empirical basis for further promoting tiered healthcare delivery system. METHODS The basic informations of listed monoclonal antibody drugs in China as of May 2021 were collected through the official websites of government agencies such as National Medical Products Administration and National Healthcare Security Administration ,so as to understand the overall development status of monoclonal antibody drugs in China. The clinical utilization data of monoclonal antibody drugs in all categories of antitumor drugs and immune modulators were collected through “chemical drug terminal of Chinese public medical institutions ”database of Metnet ;the clinical application of monoclonal antibody drugs in medical institutions at different levels was analyzed. RESULTS As of May 2021,there were 53 monoclonal antibody drugs had been approved for listing in China ,including 31 imported monoclonal antibody drugs and 22 domestic monoclonal antibody drugs. From 2015 to 2019,the amount and quantity of monoclonal antibody drugs used in urban medical institutions were the highest among the three levels of medical institutions (both accounted for more than 95% for five consecutive years ),but the growth rate of drug use in county-level medical institutions was the fastest. In 2019,the cumulative proportion of DDDs and drug amount of the top 10 monoclonal antibody drugs ranked in DDDs were the highest among county-level medical institutions ,being 97.09% and 94.16% respectively. From the change trend of DDDc of monoclonal antibody drugs from 2015 to 2019,DDDc of cetuximab decreased the most (70.32%),followed by trastuzumab (67.29%) and bevacizumab(62.89%). From 2015 to 2019,the number of monoclonal antibody drugs with B/A value of no less than 1 ranked the top 10 of the annual cost were 6,6,6,7 and 5, respectively. CONCLUSIONS In China ,the overall approval and listing speed of monoclonal antibody drugs has accelerated,their quantity has increased rapidly ,and the accessibility is also improved. Among them ,the quantity of monoclonal antibody drugs has increased the fastest in county-level medical institutions ,and they are mainly medical insurance drugs ,and the effect of tiered healthcare delivery system has gradually appeared.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935046

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:设计并制备一种分别靶向B细胞表面抗原CD19和CD22的CAR-T细胞,检测其对肿瘤细胞的体内外杀伤效果。方法:将含有人源化 CD19 ScFv的二代CAR分子和带有CD3ε链作为共刺激结构域的CD22 ScFv CAR分子以P2A自剪切肽连接,序列连接于慢病毒载体pLTR-CMV-MCS中,以HEK-293T细胞包装相应的慢病毒载体,感染健康志愿者提供的T细胞制备CAR-19-22-T细胞,同时以相同二代结构分别构建单靶向CAR-T细胞作为参照。构建表达荧光素酶、CD19和/或CD22的前列腺癌3M细胞(靶细胞)。将各种CAR-T细胞与靶细胞共同培养,采用荧光素酶化学发光法和ELISA法检测其对靶细胞的杀伤能力和细胞因子的分泌水平。通过尾静脉注射Raji-Luc细胞构建NOD-SCID免疫缺陷小鼠白血病模型,分别注射各组CAR-T细胞进行治疗并评估其疗效。结果:培养7 d的CAR-19-22-T细胞的CAR-19表达率为13.7%,CAR-22表达率为14.3%。CAR-19-22-T细胞在10∶1效靶比时,对3M-CD19-Luc、3M-CD22-Luc和3M-CD19-CD22-Luc细胞的杀伤率均显著高于T细胞[(78.1±14.4)% vs (11.1±4.3)%、(46.7±10.7)% vs (12.4±2.7)%、(90.5±4.3)% vs (14.3±3.7)%,均P<0.01];与3M-CD19-Luc、3M-CD22-Luc、3M-CD19-CD22-Luc靶细胞共培养后,CAR-19-22-T细胞IFN-γ、TNF-α和IL-2水平均显著低于CAR-19-T和CAR-22-T细胞(P<0.05或P<0.01)。CAR-19-22-T细胞对移植Raji-Luc细胞模型小鼠治疗效果明显,其生存期显著长于T细胞组(P<0.01),与CAR-19-T组和CAR-22-T组荷瘤小鼠比较差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05)。结论:成功设计并制备了一种双靶点CAR-19-22-T细胞,其能够有效杀伤表达CD19和/或CD22抗原的肿瘤细胞,对Raji-Luc细胞的白血病模型小鼠有显著的治疗效果。

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935045

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 肠道微生物是存在于人体内的庞大生态系统,它与机体形成一个相互关联的共存体。近年来得益于分子生物技术的蓬勃发展,肠道微生物组学研究表明,肠道微生物在很大程度上左右了肿瘤的发生与发展,除了微生物本身的直接作用之外,由它们引起的宿主炎症免疫系统、代谢功能方面的改变也间接发挥了重要作用,而这些变化对于后续抗肿瘤治疗也产生一定影响。基于肠道微生物的重要作用,在此基础上开发出来的微生态制剂在抗肿瘤治疗中的临床应用价值也逐渐显现,可为今后的抗肿瘤治疗提供辅助作用。本文从肠道微生物的地位、肠道微生物影响肿瘤发展的机制和对抗肿瘤治疗的影响,以及肠道微生物的临床应用等四个方面展开论述,为基于肠道微生物的抗肿瘤制剂技术的研发和临床应用提供新的思路和启示。

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934555

ABSTRACT

In the case of public emergency, cross regional and institutional deployment of health technicians as a contingency measure is imperative in alleviating the shortage of medical resources and improving the medical capacity in the location of emergency. The authors rounded up common modes of such deployment, namely independent deployment of a complete organization, deployment by job division for individual responsibility, deployment of individuals joining in a cooperative action, and that of expert guidance. In practice, the emergency deployment of health technicians was faced with serial challenges, such as their mobility, interoperability, professionalism, economy and persistence. To improve the performance of emergency deployment, it is necessary to strengthen the routine emergency skill reserve and simulation drill, to formulate " wartime" joint diagnosis and treatment decision-making rules, to build high-level health emergency teams, to establish and improve a complete, flexible and orderly deployment mechanism of such human resources, and to improve the honor award and reward system for health emergency personnel.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934011

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of IL-28B in a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis and to analyze the possible mechanism.Methods:Thirty-five male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the following groups with seven mice in each group: control group, DSS group and three IL-28B groups (1.25 μg, 2.5 μg and 5 μg). The mice in the DSS group and IL-28B groups were fed with 2.5% DSS solution and from day 3, the IL-28B groups were given intraperitoneal injection of corresponding IL-28B every day and the DSS group was treated with PBS. During the experiment, the disease activity index (DAI) was evaluated daily. On day 8, the mice were sacrificed and peripheral blood, spleen, mesenteric lymph node and colon samples were collected. The colon samples were observed, measured in length and stained with HE, and histopathological scores were calculated based on HE staining. Changes of immune cells in different samples were detected by flow cytometry. ELISA was used to detect the expression of IL-12, IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-13 in serum and colon tissues.Results:Compared with the DSS group, the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) had lower DAI scores [(9.40±1.67) vs (3.50±1.73), P<0.01], less shortening of the colon [(5.16±0.61) cm vs (6.91±0.60) cm, P<0.01] and significantly lower histopathological scores [(7.33±0.58) vs (4.33±0.58), P<0.01]. Moreover, compared with the DSS group, the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) showed decreased macrophages in the peripheral blood [(21.39±3.21)% vs (15.63±2.98)%, P<0.05] and spleen [(3.03±0.28)% vs (2.05±0.48)%, P<0.05], and significantly increased mean fluorescence intensity of M2 macrophages in the colon [(1 361.00±293.40) vs (2 074.00±87.61), P<0.05]. IL-12 expression in colon tissues and IL-1β expression in serum were reduced, and IL-10, IL-4 and IL-13 expression in colon tissues was significantly increased in the IL-28B group (2.5 μg) as compared with those in the DSS group [IL-12: (31.72±6.92) pg/mg vs (5.41±3.41) pg/mg; IL-1β: (48.01±16.13) pg/ml vs (12.27±6.26) pg/ml; IL-10: (184.70±46.82) pg/mg vs (444.30±157.80) pg/mg; IL-4: (2.23±0.27) pg/mg vs (3.64±0.80) pg/mg; IL-13: (11.79±0.99) pg/mg vs (22.59±1.92) pg/mg; all P<0.05]. Conclusions:IL-28B might alleviate the severity of acute enteritis in mice by increasing the secretion of IL-4 and IL-13, regulating macrophage differentiation and modulating the expression of inflammatory factors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 196-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933536

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical and pathological features of childhood perforating pilomatricoma, and to explore its pathogenesis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical and histopathological data from 29 children with perforating pilomatricoma in Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children′s Hospital from 2014 to 2020.Results:Among the 29 patients, 11 were males, and 18 were females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1∶1.64. Their age at onset ranged from 3 months to 14 years and 10 months, and the median age at onset was 4.58 years. The disease duration ranged from 2 months to 2 years, with an average of 8.72 months. The perforation occurred 2 days to 1 year and 6 months after the onset of pilomatricoma, with an average of 1.85 months. Ulceration occurred in 1 patient after the treatment with ichthammol, as well as in 3 patients after local scratching or bumping, and spontaneous ulceration without definite precipitating factors occurred in the remaining 25 patients. The average duration from the onset of disease to tumor perforation was 6.87 months. Skin lesions occurred on the face in 15 cases, on the lateral neck in 8, on the upper limb in 4, as well as on the scalp in 2. Perforating pilomatricoma clinically manifested as indurated subcutaneous nodules with crusts or ulcers, and was classified into 3 subtypes: ulcerative type (19 cases) , horny type (8 cases) , and crusted type (2 cases) . The tumor diameter ranged from 0.3 to 2.5 cm, with an average of 1.2 cm. Histopathological examination showed that the tumor was located in the superficial to middle dermis, and mainly consisted of basophils and ghost cells; in 19 cases, the tumor mass was extruded onto the skin surface through a perforated epidermal channel, and the epidermis around the perforation site was hyperplastic and invaginated into the dermis, forming epithelial tunnels surrounding the tumor; in 4 cases, the skin on the tumor surface was thinned and ruptured; in 6 cases, the perforation site could not be observed due to surgical separation of the epidermis and tumor. All lesions were resected, and no infection or recurrence was observed during the postoperative follow-up.Conclusions:Childhood perforating pilomatricoma mostly occurs on the face and neck, usually with rapid progress, and can be classified into ulcerative type, horny type and crusted type. Histological findings suggest that transepithelial elimination is an important mechanism underlying the occurrence of perforation in pilomatricoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 129-134, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate efficacy and safety of topical sirolimus cream in the treatment of superficial vascular malformation in children.Methods:A single-center prospective study was carried out. Children with superficial vascular malformation were enrolled into this study from Vascular Anomalies Clinic, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from September 2019 to September 2020, and treated with 0.1% sirolimus cream. The efficacy was evaluated according to an international four-level classification system through imaging examination, dermoscopy and subjective evaluation, and adverse reactions during the treatment were monitored. Statistical analysis was carried out by t test, univariate analysis of variance or Fisher′s exact test. Results:A total of 19 children with superficial vascular malformations were enrolled, including 12 males and 7 females, aged 1 - 11.5 years. Fourteen children were diagnosed with vascular and lymphatic malformations, 3 with lymphatic malformations, and 2 with venous malformations. Sixteen children presented with lesions on the lower extremities, 8 were accompanied by pain, 2 presented with ulceration, and 6 had previous treatment history. After 6-month treatment, 3 patients achieved improvement of level Ⅰ, 4 of level Ⅱ, 4 of level Ⅲ, and 8 of level Ⅳ; 16 achieved improvement, and 12 achieved marked improvement. Six patients showed significantly decreased length, thickness and width of lesions after 6 months of treatment (1.83 ± 0.84 cm, 1.00 ± 0.55 cm, 2.25 ± 1.25 cm, respectively) compared with those before treatment (2.40 ± 0.95 cm, 1.35 ± 0.61 cm, 2.50 ± 1.34 cm, t = 5.22, 10.25, 3.73, respectively, all P < 0.05) . Gender, age, medical history and pain sensation did not significantly affect the therapeutic effect (all P > 0.05) , while diagnostic classification of vascular malformations significantly affected the therapeutic effect ( P = 0.008) . Among the 19 children, 2 had mild local burning sensation after the treatment. After 1- and 6-month treatment, the blood concentrations of sirolimus were both below 1.0 ng/ml. Conclusion:Topical sirolimus is effective and safe in the treatment of superficial vascular malformation in children.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the safety and efficacy of 0.01% atropine eye drops in the prevention of myopia onset in schoolchildren.Methods:A randomized double-blind controlled study was conducted.Sixty Chinese Han children (60 eyes) with binocular spherical equivalent (SE) between + 0.50 D and -0.75 D (pre-myopia) by cycloplegic autorefraction treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled from July to October 2020.Aged 6-12 years old, the children were divided into 0.01% atropine group and control group according to a random number table, with 30 cases (30 eyes) in each group.The children were given one drop of 0.01% atropine or placebo eye drops in both eyes once a night.The SE, axial length (AL), accommodative amplitude and pupil diameter were compared before and after 3-month, 6-month of treatment between the two groups.Discomforts were recorded.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.2020-KY-286). Written informed consent was obtained from guardian of each subject.Results:After treatment, 26 and 25 subjects completed the 6-month follow-up in 0.01% atropine group and control group, respectively, among which 3 subjects in 0.01% atropine group accounting for 11.5% and 9 in control group accounting for 36.0% developed myopia, showing a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.238, P=0.040). There were significant differences in the overall comparison of SE and AL at different time points between before and after treatment ( Ftime=10.981, 81.854; both at P<0.001). At 3 and 6 months after treatment, there were significant increases in the SE and AL of control group and AL of 0.01% atropine group compared with respective baseline values (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in SE at 3 and 6 months after treatment compared with baseline SE in 0.01% atropine group (both at P>0.05). At 6 months after treatment, the change in SE in 0.01% atropine group was (-0.15±0.26)D, which was significantly less than (-0.34±0.35)D in control group, and the change in AL in 0.01% atropine group was (0.17±0.11)mm, Which was significantly shorter than (0.28±0.14)mm in control group, with significant differences between them ( t=2.207, P=0.032; t=3.127, P=0.003). There were significant differences in pupil diameter at different time points between before and after treatment ( Ftime=2.263, P=0.032). At 3 and 6 months after treatment, the pupil diameter was increased in comparison with baseline in 0.01% atropine group (both at P<0.05). There were significant differences in accommodative amplitude at different time points between before and after treatment in the two groups ( Fgroup=0.882, P=0.042; Ftime=0.337, P=0.033). The accommodative amplitude at 3 and 6 months after treatment were decreased in comparison with baseline in 0.01% atropine group and control group at corresponding time points (all at P<0.05). Within a month after treatment, photophobia in bright sunlight occurred in 5 cases in 0.01% atropine group, accounting for 16.7%(5/30), and 2 cases in control group, accounting for 6.7%(2/30), showing no significant difference ( χ2=0.647, P=0.421). No near-vision blur and other uncomfortable symptoms was found in the two groups. Conclusions:After 6-month application of 0.01% atropine eye drops, the prevalence of myopia in pre-myopia schoolchildren decreases and the changing rate of SE and AL slows down.The accommodative amplitude is slightly reduced and pupil diameter is slightly increased, with no obvious effects on study and life.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931063

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of 0.01% and 0.02% atropine eye drops on myopia development in adolescents.Methods:A randomized controlled double-blind study was carried out.Two hundred and eighty myopic adolescents (280 eyes) with spherical equivalent (SE) from -1.25 to -6.0 D were enrolled in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2016 to June 2017.All the subjects wore full-correction single vision spectacle lenses before topical administration of atropine eye drops.The subjects were randomly divided into 0.01% atropine group (142 eyes) and 0.02% atropine group (138 eyes) according to the random number table method.Atropine 0.01% or 0.02% eye drops was topically used in the test eye once per night according to grouping, and the related parameters of the right eyes were collected for data analysis.The subjects were followed up at the 1st, 4th, 8th and 12th month following administration.The SE was measured with an autorefractor to evaluate the refractive change.The anterior chamber depth, corneal curvature and axial length (AL) were measured with an IOLMaster.The adverse responses of atropine eye drops were investigated via a questionnaire.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (No.2016-35). Written informed consent was obtained from subjects and their guardian prior to entering the cohort.Results:The follow-up rate of 0.01% atropine group was 83.8%, and the follow-up rate of 0.02% atropine group was 84.8% at the end of following-up.SE and AL increased by (-0.47±0.32)D and (0.37±0.20)mm in 0.01% atropine group, and (-0.38±0.35)D and (0.30±0.17)mm in 0.02% atropine groups during the following-up, respectively, showing statistically significant differences between two groups ( P=0.040, 0.004). After adjusting age, body mass index and baseline SE, the analysis by generalized additive mixed model showed that the increase rate of SE was -0.039 D/month and -0.032 D/month in 0.01% and 0.02% atropine group, respectively ( Pinteraction=0.041). After adjusting age, body mass index and baseline AL, the analysis of mixed effect model showed that the increase rate of AL was 0.031 mm/month and 0.025 mm/month in 0.01% and 0.02% atropine group, respectively ( Pinteraction=0.032). In 0.01% and 0.02% atropine groups, 32 cases (26.9%) and 33 cases (28.2%) occurred photophobia from 1st to 4th week during administration, and 7 cases (5.9%) and 7 cases (6.0%) appeared near-vision blur from 2nd to 4th week.Allergic response occurred in 0.01% atropine group at 1 month of treatment, and the symptom disappeared after interruption of the medication for two days. Conclusions:The incidence of adverse resoponses of 0.01% and 0.02% atropine eye drops is similar.Atropine 0.02% eye drops is more effective in controlling myopia progression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the rehabilitation effect of Baduanjin combined with elastic band training on elderly patients with sarcopenia. Methods:From January 2019 to January 2021, 120 elderly sarcopenia patients in our hospital who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups according to the random number table method, with 60 in each group. The control group was given conventional treatment intervention for sarcopenia, and the observation group was Baduanjin exercises combined with elastic band training on the basis of the control group. Both groups were intervened for 12 weeks. The skeletal muscle index (SMI), muscle grip strength, short physical performance battery (SPPB) and Modified Barthel Index (MBI) were used to compare between two groups before and after the intervention. Results:After treatment, the SMI index [(6.77 ± 1.03) kg/m 2vs. (6.35 ± 1.12) kg/m 2, t=2.14], muscle grip strength [(23.06 ± 3.48) kg vs. (19.41 ± 3.79) kg, t=5.50], SPPB score [(9.12 ± 2.24) vs. (7.85 ± 2.13), t=3.18] and MBI score [(82.43 ± 20.75) vs. (64.36 ± 19.42), t=4.93] of the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). After treatment, the distribution of muscle activity function in the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group ( Z=-2.28, P=0.023). Conclusion:Baduanjin combined with elastic band training can improve the muscle function and quality of daily activities in elderly patients with sarcopenia.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1584-1592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929448

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of heart failure is a complex progression and associated with abnormal regulation of many signaling pathways. As a cofactor of hemoglobin, myoglobin, oxidative respiratory chain, DNA synthase and other important proteins, iron plays an indispensable role in myocardial energy metabolism. Recently, a large number of studies have shown that heart failure is related to the disorder of iron metabolism. Both iron deficiency and iron overload can lead to the development of a variety of cardiomyopathy, and even progress to heart failure. Iron metabolism could be a key target for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of heart failure. Here, we review the basic process of iron metabolism and its mechanism in heart failure, expecting to provide new clues and evidence for the treatment of heart failure.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1707-1711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942846

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate long-term efficacy and safety of patients after excimer laser in situ keratomileusis(LASIK)surgery in 20a.METHODS: A retrospective study.Patients who underwent LASIK in our hospital from January 1998 to December 2001 were recruited. The patients were notified by telephone to the outpatient for follow-up. The collected data included demographic characteristics(gender and age), preoperative uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCVA)and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), preoperative diopter, intraoperative corneal flap thickness and corneal stromal residual thickness(RST). The main indicators were long-term efficacy index, safety index, UCVA, BCVA, corneal thickness and axial length. The slit lamp, fundus and optical coherence tomography(OCT)examination were performed at the same time.RESULTS: A total of 95 patients(190 eyes)were recruited. At the final postoperative visit, there were 71 patients(142 eyes, 74.7%)had UCVA≥1.0, and 82 patients(164 eyes, 86.3%)had BCVA≥1.0. There were 2 eyes among them had bad BCVA(≤0.6)due to macular retinoschisis and glaucoma, respectively, while other patients' BCVA was 0.8. There was no significant correlation between the UCVA and BCVA of patients after surgery in 20a and the factors such as age at surgery, preoperative diopter and corneal thickness(P&#x003E;0.05), but there was a negative correlation with the increase of axis length(rs=-0.32, -0.31, all P&#x003C;0.05). UCVA and BCVA were positively correlated with corneal stromal residual thickness at the last postoperative follow-up(P&#x003C;0.05). The safety and efficacy indexes of LASIK after surgery in 20a were 1.00±0.10 and 0.83±0.27, respectively. During the follow-up, no patients were found to have corneal ectasia and complications related to corneal flap, and no patients underwent secondary surgery. No patients with corneal dryness were found after silt lamp examination.CONCLUSION: LASIK after surgery in 20a shows good safety and efficacy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940321

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the name, origin, medicinal properties, specifications, clinical efficacy, producing area, quality evaluation and processing methods of Forsythiae Fructus in the famous classical formulas are researched by consulting related herbal literature, medical books and prescription books. The results showed that Forsythiae Fructus was sourced from Hypericum ascyron and its genus plants before Song dynasty, and it is used as medicine in many parts. After Song dynasty, Forsythiae Fructus is sourced from the fruit of Forsythia suspensa. Since the Ming dynasty, Forsythiae Fructus is divided into Qingqiao and Laoqiao according to different harvesting time. According to the research results, it is suggested to refer to the following suggestions for the application of Forsythiae Fructus in the development of famous classical formulas:①F. suspensa should be chosen as the origin since the Ming and Qing dynasties. ②If there is no special requirement for the source of prescriptions, it is recommended that Laoqiao be used in famous classical formulas since the Ming and Qing dynasties. ③The harvest time of Qingqiao should be from July 15th to August 15th, and Laoqiao should be in September, and it should be the husk after the seeds have been removed.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940297

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of different treatment methods of "soothing liver, invigorating spleen, soothing liver and invigorating spleen, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, as well as invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen" on liver depression combined with liver injury in rats and their action mechanisms. MethodA six-week rat model of liver depression combined with liver injury was established by restraint stress and subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4, 5.89 g·kg-1, once every three days). At the same time, the drugs were given by gavage. Forty-eight male SD rats of clean grade were randomly divided into eight groups, namely the normal group, model group, bicyclol (0.2 g·kg-1) group, Sinisan (4.32 g·kg-1) group, Liu Junzitang (9.26 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang A (Chai A, soothing liver and invigorating spleen,13.57 g·kg-1) group, Chaishao Liu Junzitang B (Chai B, soothing liver first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, and Chaishao Liu Junzitang C (Chai C, invigorating spleen first and then soothing liver and invigorating spleen, 13.57 g·kg-1) group, with six rats in each group. The pathological changes in liver and colon tissues of each group were observed under light microscope and electron microscope. The serum biochemical indexes of the liver were detected using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The relative mRNA expression levels of Takeda G protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) and intestinal mucosal zona occluden-1 (ZO-1), Occludin, and Claudin-1 in the liver and colon were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The positive expression rate of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the colon was detected by immunohistochemistry. ResultCompared with normal group, the model group exhibited significantly elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) (P<0.01), lowered TGR5 mRNA expression in liver tissue, up-regulated TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon tissue (P<0.05,P<0.01), and down-regulated ZO-1, Occludin, and tight junction protein-1 (Claudin-1) mRNA expression and PCNA in the colon tissue (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, bicyclol and Chai C remarkably decreased the levels of serum ALP, ALT, AST, TBIL, and DBIL (P<0.05,P<0.01), while Liu Junzitang, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C significantly up-regulated the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and down-regulated its expression in the colon (P<0.01). Bicyclol, Chai A, Chai B, and Chai C enhanced the ZO-1 and Claudin-1 mRNA expression in the colon (P<0.05,P<0.01). Bicyclol, Sinisan, and Chai C increased PCNA expression (P<0.01). The comparison with the Chai C group showed that the TGR5 mRNA expression in the liver and ZO-1 mRNA expression in the colon of the bicyclol and Sinisan groups were lower, whereas the TGR5 mRNA expression in the colon was higher (P<0.01). However, the PCNA expression in the colon of the Liu Junzitang and Chai B groups declined significantly (P<0.05). ConclusionIn the presence of liver injury, invigorating spleen first helps to relieve the liver injury, and the efficacy of "spleen-invigorating" therapy in increasing the intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins and improving the gastrointestinal function is related to its activation of TGR5 to improve the intestinal mucosal barrier function, promote the renewal of intestinal stem cells, and drive the regeneration after injury.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1539-1542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940018

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the changes of uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCDVA)and ocular accommodation before and after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy(PRK).METHODS: A retrospective study. There were 120 patients(240 eyes)who underwent PRK surgery in our center from December 2017 to December 2019 divided into two groups according to the diopter of spherical equivalent(SE): 70 cases with SE≤-6.00D in the mild to moderate myopia group and 50 cases with -6.00D&#x003C;SE≤-9.00D in the high myopia group which were observed and analyzed. The UCDVA(LogMAR), monocular accommodative amplitude(AMP), negative relative accommodation(NRA), positive relative accommodation(PRA)and monocular accommodative flipper(AF)were measured before and after operation at 1wk, 1 and 3mo. RESULTS: In the group of low-moderate myopia and high-myopia group, the UCDVA at 1wk, 1 and 3 mo after operation was significantly increased compared with those before operation(all P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of UCDVA of low to moderate myopia group was better than that in the high myopia group at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.05). Monocular AMP in the both groups firstly decreased and increased afterwards, and there was a significant decrease than that before operation at 1wk and 1mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). AMP reached and was better than that before operation at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of low to moderate myopia group was both higher and faster than that of high myopia group. Compared with PRA before operation, the patients of low to moderate myopia group decreased at 1wk after operation(P&#x003C;0.01), postoperative levels at 1mo recovered to preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05)and postoperative at 3mo was superior to preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.05); High myopia group did not change significantly at 1wk and 1mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003E;0.05), and increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative level(P&#x003C;0.01). For low to moderate myopia group, there was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative NRA, and at 1wk after operation, NRA of high myopia group temporarily increased compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). At 1mo after operation, it returned to the preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05), and significantly increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). Monocular AF for both groups significantly decreased at 1wk after operation compared with preoperative operation, recovered at 1mo after operation and was significantly better at 3mo after operation(all P&#x003C;0.01); The low-to-moderate group increased more than the high-myopia group.CONCLUSION: PRK has a good correction effect for myopia below -9.00D, and people in low to moderate myopia have a better postoperative UCDVA correction effect than those in high myopia. The eye accommodation will be abnormal in a short period after operation. The recovery and improvement time of accommodative function in low-moderate myopia group are shorter than that in high myopia group, but both groups can recover and improve at 3mo after operation compared with the preoperative levels.

16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 67-72, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928515

ABSTRACT

Acephalic spermatozoa syndrome is a rare type of teratozoospermia that severely impairs the reproductive ability of male patients, and genetic defects have been recognized as the main cause of acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. Spermatogenesis and centriole-associated 1 like (SPATC1L) is indispensable for maintaining the integrity of sperm head-to-tail connections in mice, but its roles in human sperm and early embryonic development remain largely unknown. Herein, we conducted whole-exome sequencing (WES) of 22 infertile men with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. An in silico analysis of the candidate variants was conducted, and WES data analysis was performed using another cohort consisting of 34 patients with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome and 25 control subjects with proven fertility. We identified biallelic mutations in SPATC1L (c.910C>T:p.Arg304Cys and c.994G>T:p.Glu332X) from a patient whose sperm displayed complete acephalia. Both SPATC1L variants are rare and deleterious. SPATC1L is mainly expressed at the head-tail junction of elongating spermatids. Plasmids containing pathogenic variants decreased the level of SPATC1L in vitro. Moreover, none of the patient's four attempts at intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) resulted in a transplantable embryo, which suggests that SPATC1L defects might affect early embryonic development. In conclusion, this study provides the first identification of SPATC1L as a novel gene for human acephalic spermatozoa syndrome. Furthermore, WES might be applied for patients with acephalic spermatozoa syndrome who exhibit reiterative ICSI failures.


Subject(s)
Centrioles/genetics , Homozygote , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Mutation , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Spermatozoa
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928180

ABSTRACT

Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the sun-dried mature fruit of Ligustrum lucidum, is cool, plain, sweet, and bitter, which can be used as both food and medicine, with the effects of improving vision, blacking hair, and tonifying liver and kidney. It takes effect slowly. However, little is known about the genetic information of the medicinal plant and it is still a challenge to distinguish Ligustrum species. In this study, the complete chloroplast genome of L. lucidum was obtained by genome skimming and then compared with that of five other Ligustrum species, which had been reported. This study aims to evaluate the interspecific variation of chloroplast genome within the genus and develop molecular markers for species identification of the genus. The result showed that the chloroplast genome of L. lucidum was 162 162 bp with a circular quadripartite structure of two single-copy regions separated by a pair of inverted repeats. The Ligustrum chloroplast genomes were conserved with small interspecific difference. Comparative analysis of six Ligustrum chloroplast genomes revealed three variable regions(rbcL-accD, ycf1a, and ycf1b), and ycf1a and ycf1b can be used as the species-specific DNA barcode for Ligustrum. Phylogeny analysis provided the best resolution of Ligustrum and supported that L. lucidum was sister to L. gracile. This study clarified the genetic diversity of L. lucidum from provenance, which can serve as a reference for further analysis of pharmacological differences and breeding of excellent varieties with stable drug effects.


Subject(s)
Fruit , Genome, Chloroplast , Ligustrum/genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Breeding
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928177

ABSTRACT

Scutellaria baicalensis is a commonly used Chinese medicinal herb. In this study, we identified the germplasm resources of commercial S. baicalensis samples based on trnH-psbA, petA-psbJ, and ycf4-cemA sequences according to the available chloroplast genome sequencing results, and measured the content of baicalin by HPLC. Through the above means we determined the best DNA barcode that can be used to detect the germplasm resources and evaluate the quality of commercial S. baicalensis samples. A total of 104 samples were collected from 24 provinces, from which DNA was extracted for PCR amplification. The amplification efficiencies of trnH-psbA, petA-psbJ, and ycf4-cemA sequences were 100%, 59.62%, and 25.96%, respectively. The results of sequence analysis showed that 5, 4, and 2 haplotypes were identified based on trnH-psbA, petA-psbJ, and ycf4-cemA sequences, respectively. However, the sequences of haplotypes in commercial samples were different from that of the wild type, and the joint analysis of three fragments of S. baicalensis only identified 6 haplotypes. Furthermore, the phylogenetic analysis and genetic distance analysis indicated that trnH-psbA could be used to identify S. baicalensis from adulterants. The above analysis showed that trnH-psbA was the best fragment for identifying the germplasm resources of commercial S. baicalensis samples. We then analyzed the haplotypes(THap1-THap5) of commercial S. baicalensis samples based on trnH-psbA and found that THap2 was the main circulating haplotype of the commercial samples, accounting for 86.55% of the total samples, which indicated the scarce germplasm resources of commercial S. baicalensis samples. The content of baicalin in all the collected commercial S. baicalensis samples exceeded the standard in Chinese Pharmacopoeia and had significant differences(maximum of 12.21%) among samples, suggesting that the quality of commercial S. baicalensis samples varied considerably. However, there was no significant difference in baicalin content between different provinces or between different haplotypes. This study facilitates the establishment of the standard identification system for S. baicalensis, and can guide the commercial circulation and reasonable medication of S. baicalensis.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic/methods , DNA, Plant/genetics , Phylogeny , Scutellaria baicalensis/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928161

ABSTRACT

Dachaihu Decoction is a classical Chinese herbal prescription that is effective in harmonizing lesser yang and purging internal accumulated heat. At present, it has been widely used in clinical practice, and the resulting outcomes are satisfactory. However, its quality indicators and action mechanism are still not clear. Therefore, this paper explored the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction and its action mechanism based on literature mining, molecular biology, and network pharmacology, so as to better control its quality and ensure its clinical efficacy. The efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction were predicted and analyzed according to the "five principles" for Q-markers of Chinese herbs. Then the anti-inflammatory activity of the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction was evaluated with Griess reagent after the establishment of RAW264.7 cell inflammation model in vitro with lipopolysaccharide(LPS). The potential targets of efficacy markers were predicted by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), ChEMBL, and SwissTargetPrediction, followed by the construction of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction. Topological, GO, and KEGG enrichment analysis was carried out to construct the "key target-signaling pathway-biological process" network, thus elucidating the action mechanism of the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction. Saikosaponin B_2, baicalin, baicalein, wogonoside, neohesperidin, naringin, hesperidin, and paeoniflorin were considered as the potential efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction. The anti-inflammatory activity evaluation showed that the potential efficacy markers effectively inhibited the release of NO, exhibiting good anti-inflammatory activities. As demonstrated by network pharmacology, the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction regulated the inflammatory response by acting on MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways, the carbohydrate metabolism by HIF-1 and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathways, and the lipid metabolism by AMPK and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathways. This study discovered the efficacy markers of Dachaihu Decoction based on literature mining combined with molecular biological experiments and explored its action mechanism at the molecular level based on network pharmacology, which would provide reference for the quality control of Dachaihu Decoction and scientific basis for its clinical application.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928068

ABSTRACT

This study mainly introduced the research on Chinese medicine toxicology funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC) in 2012-2021 and analyzed the research content. Furthermore, key research topics and characteristic research projects were discussed, such as the toxicity mechanism, relationship between toxicity and efficacy, toxicity-alleviating mechanisms, and new technology and methods. The review suggested that researchers should gain an in-depth understanding of the "toxicity" of Chinese me-dicine, turned to characteristic research topics, and build a toxicological research paradigm suited to the characteristics of Chinese medicine in project application.


Subject(s)
China , Foundations , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Natural Science Disciplines
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